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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 27, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Colder tonight, Tlmrs- day. Low tonight in 20s. High Thursday in upper Ms to low VOLUME 92 NUMBER 48 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR KAP1DS, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1974 Say Plan To Gazette Leased Wires Spe- cial prosecutor Leon Jaworski rebuffed in one attempt to get President Nixon to testify be- fore a Watergate grand jury, has decided not to subpoena the President. Nixon Tuesday formally t dined a subpoena to testify California criminal proceedin involving his former No. 2 ait John Ehrlichman. The President told his no conference Monday that 0 worski had relayed to him 'request to appear in person b fore a Watergate grand jury b that he "respectfully declinei on constitutional grounds. T. request, it was learned, cam from the 'grand jurors them selves. Two Reasons Sources close to Jaworski's i vestigation said Tuesday tht the prosecutor now has decide not to follo.w up with a subpoer for Nixon's appearance for reasons: Primarily, it. .was. thougl Nixon would refuse the subpo na, just as he has the one from California. Jaworski believes the prope constitutional inquiry into pres dential conduct lies in the in peachment process. But sources said it was "pos sible, even probable" that som defendants in future Watergat criminal cases will seek to sub poena the President as a de fense witness at their trials. California Subpoena Ehrlichman and two othe former White House aide David Young and G. Gordon Liddy, face trial in Los Angele on charges growing out of tin 1971 burglary at the office o Pentagon Papers defendan Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist Ehrlichman's lawyers sought to subpoena Nixon as a defensi witness through the District o Columbia courts. Lawyers for Nixon have de fended his refusal to appear on the grounds that no court, state or federal, can order a Pres- ident" to testify in person. If a President was forced to appear in court, .his lawyers ar- gued in a brief filed Tuesday, "his inability to perform the dulies as the Chief Executive would threaten the security ol the entire nation." Federal The argument filed by James St. Clair, the President's chief Watergate lawyer, was directed as much to appearances in a federal as a state court. "In the 187 years since our Constitution was adopted no court, federal or state, has held that the President of the U. S can be compelled to testify in person in compliance with a SI. Clair wrote. In related devolopmenls: The President's close friend. Charles "Bebc" Rcbozo, said in a sworn statement thai he discussed with Nixon's persona! secretary, Rosemary Woods, a campaign.donation from billionaire Howard Hughes, but that the President didn't know about The house judiciary commit- tee disclosed that John Doar, chief counsel for the impeach- ment inquiry, has sent a letter lo St. Clair requesting White House tapes and documents. House Clears Way To Pass Energy Bill WASHINGTON (AP) The house Wednesday voted down parliamentary rule that had seemed certain to kill the emer- gency energy bill. The house then moved toward adoption of a new rule that would allow a full-scale roll call vole on the bill's controversial oil price rollback as well as on a provision that-would give Pres- ident Nixon authority to order gasoline rationing. The action was seen as great- ly increasing the bill's chances for congressional passage, but the measure still is slated for a presidential veto. Issue Challenge The .house rules committee sent the bill to the house floor with a rule allowing any member of the house to issue a parliamentary challenge to indi- vidual sections of the bill. The vote against the rule was 259 to 144. If the original rule had been allowed to stand, an oil-state representative almost would have objected to the price rollback'on grounds that it was drafted by a senate-house con ference and had never been voted on by the full house. Most observers agreed tha Speaker Albert would have been Page 3, Col. 3.) PRESS, UPI, .NEW YORK TIMES .COLUMBUS, Ga. (AP) A ederal judge Wednesday freed it. William L. Galley on ond after his attorneys argued hat Calley presented no danger o society. U.S. District Judge J. Robert lliott issued his ruling after alley, sentenced to 20 years on murder charges stemming from ie My Lai massacre, told the ourt, "I feel I could be useful society." Calley, under house arrest at :arby Fort Benning for nearly iree years, took the witness and and said that, if released, e would get a job in Columbus, a. After sentencing, President ixon ordered him held at his vn apartment. Nixon also said e would review the case when e avenues provided by the ilitary justice system were ex- austed. Except for review now y Army Secretary Howard Cal- way, that point was reached is month. GOOD PROGRESS" Secretary of -State Kissinger, arriving from Damascus, is shown at Tel Aviv s Ben-Gurion airport with Abba Eban, center, Israeli foreign minister; Simha Dinitz, left, Israeli ambassador to the U.S., and Kenneth ambassador to Israel. Kissinger said his talks'with Syrian officials "made good progress." Syrians Say Yes to Visits To Prisoners WASHINGTON ;ary of State Kissinger ha jeen told by Syria that it hold. 65 Israeli prisoners of war anc vill permit Red Cross teams to visit them beginning Friday he.White House said Wednes day. It said Israel will furnish Kis is now in Israe conferring with Premier Golda Heir and other top officials- its ideas on disengagement Syrian and Israeli forces. Kissinger plans to fly back to Damascus with this information Friday, the White House said. The announcement. was the first official public disclosure that Kissinger was making prog- ress in efforts to bring aboul a pullback of troops on each side on the Syrian-Israeli front. He arrived in Damascus late Tuesday and held conferences with Syrian President Hafez Assad Wednesday morning be- fore going on to Israel. Israel has insisted as a first step toward disengagement ne- gotiations that Syria provide a list of prisoners and allow Red Cross representatives to visit :hem. Cost of Living Up 2.6% in Quarter Jar Rapids Prices in Cedar Rapids soarei ward at a rate of 2.6 percen om mid-October to mid nuary for a whopping 8.9 poi- increase in one year. The U.S. consumer index was announced last wee] as having increased 2.3 percen in Ihe last quarter, and 9.4 per- cent from January, 1973, to Jan nary, 1974. Dr. David Hammond of (lie Iowa Slalc university cxlensior office, who compiles data or consumer prices as furnished b> Ihc federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, said he was surprised al Ihc cxtenl of Ihc price in- Dclails of Ihe request were nol (Continued: Page 3, Col. Ii.) Tntluu's ClnwMc In Hie old days If a person missed ii stagecoach ho was content lo wall a day or two for the next one. Now he squawks if he misses a seel ion of n revolving door. crease. Higgesl In 10 Years "I expected prices to be up substantially, but not quite this Dr. Hammond said. He inid Ihc increase is highest in he ten years consumer price data has been collected in Cedar Rapids. Food, lo no one's surprise, led Ihe price parade up 19.4 per- cent for the year. Housing cosls jumped 3.3 percent In'llie lust qua.rl.cr, 8 percent for the year. Tninspoi'lation, mainly bc- cnuse of gasoline price in- ci'cnscs, jumped 3.2 percent in the last quarter and 5.5 percent In Ihe la.stycnr. The cost of apparel was actu- ally down 0.6 percent in the last quarter, but up 4.4 percent for the year. The biggest decline jn the last quarter was for men's and girls' apparel. Food Breakdown Here is how the food category looks for the year: Cereals Council Neutral As I-380 Debate Flares By Kevin Kane Angry North Twin Pines velopment residents voiced op position to -an L-380 alternat west of Hiawatha for the secon night in a row Tuesday. Two of them vowed to get a many signatures opposing in route- change as Hiawatha ha tor it. Arguments both for an against a possible alternat urning north about mile: vest of Edgevvood road wen leard at a joint meeting of th dedar Rapids and Hiawatha city 'councils at Cedar Rapid, :ity hall. Although prodded by Hia vatha Mayor Dale Guthridg or some sign of approval, the our Cedar Rapids counci members present deftly shiec. away from taking sides on the ssue and promised both views vill be taken into consideration lefore nade. any final decision is Linn Planners bakery products, cent; meals and up 25.2 per fish, up 23.! ncrcent; dairy products, up 22. percent; and fruils and vegela blcs, up 24.7 percent. This put the cost of food al ionic up an even 22 percent foi he year. Food away from home ncrcased "only" 11.3 percent, bringing the overall food calcgo- rise to 19.4 percent. The Cedar Rapids consumer price index now stands at 132.5, vilh January, as the base, n oilier words, what cost hen now cosls While gross nvcrnge weekly arnlngs of Cedar Rapids fnclo- y workers increased to January, Ihc rise was more han offset by Hie rapid increase i prices. Gross earnings wore per veck from .October lo'Jnnunry, (ConlliuicdTPngoZ, The Linn county regional 1 a n n i n g commission, with trong approval oV the route rom the Hiawatha council anc o major objection lo ils sludy the Cedar Rapids council, Monday night voted to approve tudy of the western bypass by ie stale highway commission. The commission, which al- eady has approved a centcr-of- iawatha route which was in urn opposed by the Hiawatha ouncil, has agreed to sludy a estern alternate as long as in- rest is shown by Cedar Rapids and Hiawatha. North Twin Pines residents Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Paul, 3613 Western Pine drive NE, said they gathered 135 signatures overnight on petitions against the alternate and vowed lo get as many as Hiawatha propo- nents Yell as Loud "We can yell as loud as Hia- watha, and we'll save our back Mrs. Paul said after And, lo add fuel to the con- Iroversy, Iwo Hiawatha rcsi- denls whose homes would be taken by the through-town route told the two councils people on heir block would just as soon lave the highway go through. The two Hiawalha residents Mrs. Stephen Carolan, 210 Fifth i u e, and Mrs. Waller Senior, 302.Fifth avenue con- cud the longer the interslnle ssne drags on, the longer the limvnllin council puts off main- wining Iheir street, Fifth avenue, which will he oat entirely lo the interslnle H'ojcct under the through-town onto, remains an unimproved lirt road full nf clnickliolcs while virtually all streets around it are paved or hard-sur- faced, they said. Asked Council Mrs. Carolan, who has lived on Fifth avenue nine years, and Mrs. Benter, who has lived there over 15 years, said they have asked the council in the past to fix the road but the council has .always used the ar- ;ument that the "highway is going through" as an excuse for not maintaining the road. "When I moved in in 1958, we lad a good Mrs. Benter said. "Since then, they've just et it go to pot." Mrs. Carolan said.that out of 12 houses on the block with maybe eight of them not sold )ut to real estate people, she cnew of six of the homeowners vho would "definitely" favor ierses Cedar Paplds Iowa City police Wednesday afternoon arrested .a man sus- pected of being involved in armed robberies in both Iowa City and Cedar Rapids. James L. Marple, 23, address unknown, was arrested shortly after 1 p.m. and charged with aggravated robbery in connec- tion with holdups at Younkers in Iowa City, Feb. 20, and Drug Fail- in Iowa City, Feb. 18. Marple is also named in, warrant issued by Cedar Rapids authorities in connection with the Feb. 22 holdup of the Danish Book World, 1601 Sixth stree SW. FBI Mounts No Hunt for Hearst Girl SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) The FBI says it doesn't kno where kidnaped heiress Patric Hearst is being held, and the 1 agents on the case aren't tryin to find her. Charles Bates, the agent charge of the investigation, to newsmen after a two-hour mee ing with Miss Hearst's fath publisher Randolph Hearst an bis family Tuesday night th the FBI was still being ver careful. 'We don't know specifical where Patty Hearst he sa, luring ah impromptu news co: 'erence on the driveway of If Hearst mansion in suburba 3illshorough. "And we don't intend to tak any action to try to find ou because this could provok some action on the part of th >eople who are holding her." Bates' statement came as th anguished family waited fo vord from the kidnapers an he organizers of a free foo giveaway tried to get a secon distribution organized. But Gov. Ronald Reaga irged Californians not to tak he free food demanded by th abductors, saying those who di vere "aiding and abetting lav essness." .Reagan also said in Sacrs mento that two members of th iymbionese Liberation -Arm leld in San Quentin on .charge murdering Oakland's 'blac school superintendent would no >e released by him in exchang or Miss Hearst. In previou ommuniques, the terrpris 'roup has linked the suspects ate with Miss Hearst's. citing the interstate in so they ould get out. Be Preferable Both women said getting out vould be preferable to staying and continuing to pay taxes vithout getting any road main- enance from the city. "The mayor and all those peo- le are too busy to worry about ie people on our Mrs. 'enter said. Mayor Guthridge lives on ixth avenue, which is paved, lalf'of Sixth avenue is in the irough-town interstate corri- or. Third Time Tuesday night, the Danish Book World was robbed for the third time in nine days. Detec- tives said they believe the same person was involved of the holdups. A man with a handgun en- tered the business, which deals in adult book sales, about p.m. and ordered the clerk to hand over all of the money in the cash register. The robber escaped with Detectives also believe it was the same man who 45 minutes earlier attempted a holdup at (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) President Sets March 29 as Viet Vets Day WASHINGTON (AP) Pres ident Nixon has proclaime March 29 Vietnam Veteran day. In. signing the proclamation Tuesday, he called for a nation wide observance to mark th first anniversary of the with drawal of the last American troops from Vietnam. Paul said I he session lat lie primarily objects to the tcrnatc because North Twin ines is a relatively new addi- on in which residents had not xpected a major expressway freeway north of the Burling- n railroad tracks (where (lie Icrnate would run in conjunc- lion with a Cedar Rapids cir- cumferential Nixon said that, if the U. S had not stood firm in Vietnam it would be impossible to go for ward with "great initiatives for peace." The "great debt of honor' owed to .Vietnam veterans i 'difficult to repay because thi, las been a misunderstood he said in a White House speech. He told Veterans Administra- or Donald Johnson to give spe- cial attention to any indications, benefits are not being provided iroperly to the nation's 2.5 mil- ion Vietnam veterans. Opinion Cifes Pat cheff Error In Claim of Illegal Pach slate and attorney general, out- He Same Arguments voiced the same (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Say Missing Balloon Seen SANTA CRUZ De TENERIFE, Canary Islands (AP) The missing balloon of American ad- venturer Thomas dutch, jr., was sighted Wednesday over Ihc Canary Islands off northwest Africa, Ihe Spanish news agency ISuropa Press reported. The agency said Ihc pres- surized gondola, in which Galch vas trying to make Ihc first balloon crossing of Ihc Atlantic, vas moving without difficulty. By Roland Krckclcr The Iowa attorney general's office has concluded no Iowa county has violated a competi- tive bidding section of a new voter registration law in Con- tracting with Iowa Data Pro- cessing Corp. In a letter made public Tucs day, Solicitor General Richard Haescmeyer told Stale Rep lining the allegations. Iowa Data "cooperated fully with us in our Haesemeyer said, even though it was "under no legal compul- sion to do so." John Patched (D-North Liber lat the lawmaker was ir error in saying "many and per haps all" of an estimated 50 contracts with the Cedar Rapids company violated the section of the 1973 law. Al a news conference in Cedai Rapids on Jan. 10 Patched re- ferred lo Ihe amendment lie had sponsored, requiring compeli- livc bidding for contracts ex- ceeding The figure was when the amendment wai submitted by Agreed To Cheek llaescmcycr's letter said he agreed to look into the matter when he met with Patched fol- lowing the news conference and a Idler sent to Ihe secretary of is our Haese- meyer said, "ihat (he allega- tions contained in your pres. release are lacking in merit an based 01 lions. "H is our conclusion that none of (he contracts involved, using a reasonable basis for estimat- ing costs, will involve an expen diture exceeding the limi- tation. Cost Estimates "Enclosed is a list of estimat- ed cosls for Ihe life of the con- Iracls using a method of estima- tion which we find lo be both reasonable and realistic for each of Ihc counties with which Iowa Data has contracts affccl- ;d by section 9G. "For competitive reasons, owa Data does not identify on he schedule Ihe counties with Col. 1.) WASHINGTON (UPI) _ The man who tried to hijack a Delta DC-9 airliner last week planned a kamikaze attack on the White House, saying "whoever dies will be directly attributable lo Watergate columnist Jack Anderson reported Wednesday. The would-be hijacker, Sa- muel Byck, a Delta security ;uard and the co-pilot were killed in the Shootout last Fri- day at Baltimore-Washington International airport near Bal- timore. Anderson said Byck, 44, mailed him a tape recording about one hour long just before he shot his way aboard the ilane. While aboard the air- iner, Byck shot himself to death after killing the guard and the co-pilot and seriously vounding the-pilot. Nixon at White House President Nixon was in the White House at .the time, unlike the previous Sunday when an army private flying a stolen lelicopter was shot down over the White House lawn. Anderson said Byck's plan, 'Operation Pandora had been planned more than a month earlier. "He said he wanted to com- bine two dramatic deeds a kamikaze attack and a hijack- ing to dramatize the oul- rage of one man over the Wa- tergate the columnist said in an interview. Anderson said Byck described his intentions with these words: "I will try to get the plane aloft and fly it towards the tar- get area, which will be Wash- ngton, the capital of the most powerful, wealthiest nation f the world. "By guise, threats or trickery, hope to force the pilot to buzz he White House I mcaq, sort )f dive towards .the White louse. When the plane is in this osition, I will shoot the pilot nd then in the last few minutes ry to steer the plane into the arget, which is Ihe White House." Overweight Bond Anderson reported Byck said e was 60 to 70 pounds over- eight; with a bad back. "And m about to undertake a Jamas ond, 007-type operation. Opera- on Pandora Box, where you ave to be skinny and slinky id willowy he chuckled, I'm not anything like that. "But I suspect that I can me off with an clement of irprise if I can keep my cool, id I suspect that my appear- nce may work to rny advan- Re." The columnist said the tape rived at his home in suburban efhesda, Md., Monday and he rified thai the voice was that Byck by playing portions to e man's wife and acquaint- Anderson said Byck told his plans and history of mcn- I problems in "a mild voice, a atter-of-fact way" and "even spelled his name." The tape was recorded in sev- eral segments over a month's time and the altack plan was in the first segment, according to Anderson. Letters lo Papers Byck also expressed his dis- (Continucd: Page 2, Col. 3.) Today's Index Comics ....................71) Crossword........ Daily Record Editorial Features Farm Financial Marion........... Movies ..71) ..3A ..8A .13C ..fill ..61) 8C Society ...............10B-13R Sports Slate ...................1C-3C Television ................12C Want Ads lim-131)
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