Cedar Rapids Gazette, February 19, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

February 19, 1974

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Issue date: Tuesday, February 19, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Fulr tonight, lows iicur 30. Cloudy Wed- nesday, highs In 40s. VOLUME 92-NUMBEK 41 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAK HAP1DS, JOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY ASSOCIATED PRESS, L'PI, NEW YORK TIMES KISSINGER Upset Demo Wins for Ford's Seat GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (AP Using Watergate as his wai cry, a Democrat who had been a consistent political loser ha captured Vice-president Ford's former house seat, defeating Republican who had never los an election. "We are sending a message to Washington Riehart VanderVeen told a cheering crowd celebrating his victor. Monday night in breaking a 64 year Republican lock on Miehi gan's Fifth Congressional Dis trict seat. "Referendum" Using the theme that the spe cial election to fill Ford's unex- pired term was a "referendum on President Vander- Veen polled votes to for favored Republican Robert VanderLaan. Two min- or-party candidates mu'sterec only votes between them. As he did throughout his cam- paign, VanderVeen, a 51-year- old corporation lawyer, called again Monday night for Pres- ident Nixon's resignation, we may put Watergate behind us, not before us." Michigan Republican Chair- m a h William McLaughlin said, "Watergate killed us. I don't know of anything else. That's the issue that Vander- Veen made. We got our Re- publicans but, and that's a Republican district. Without a doubt there is a message. People don't like what's going on in Washington." He said the election foreshad- ows "a tough year" for Republi- cans. Asked if he favors Nixon's resignation or impeachment, said, "I'm giving a lot of thought to what .we've got to do. It's. obvious something has to be done on the national level, but I don't know what." "In Trouble" Michigan Democratic Chair- men Morley Winograd com- mented, "If I were Nixon, I'd say I was in trouble. Nixon was part of this campaign, so this is very significant in' terms of what might happen to him." VanderLaan, 43, who had never lost in 15 previous elec- tions, refused to discuss his loss, saying, "We're not going to talk about the anatomy of it until jve've had a chance 'to sleep on it." Ford seemed stunned by the outcome. "You can't mean the vice-president told an aide when -he learned of Van- derLaan's loss. But Ford skirled any mention of Water- gate in assessing the election results. "I'm sure it's a reflection of the uncertain economic condi- tions in Michigan particularly and in the country Ford said in a telephone inter- view from Chattanooga, Tenn. "I'm confident that as the ccon- For Hearst Waits Reaction Of Kidnapers SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Randolph Hearst is waiting re- action from his daughter's kid- napers on his plan to deliver million for food for California's needy as a first step toward gaining Patricia Hearst's free- dom. He also is searching for a "tax-exempt, charitable organi- zation" approved by the Califor- nia attorney general to handle (lie money including in personal assets he said would be available Tuesday. "The money will be avail- able, but we have to find a proper the president and editor of the San Francis- co Examiner and chairman of the Hearst Corp. told news- men Monday. "They've asked me for goodwill gesture. I consider this i goodwill gesture, particularly ;ince there's no guarantee tha my daughter will be released. "I think it is up to them now :o believe me and to make a ;ood faith gesture of theii own." Details Remain Details on how .the money omy improves there be greater support for the Republi- can candidates." In 13 campaigns, Ford never failed to roll up at least 60 per- cent support while dumping a variety of Democratic chal- lengers, including VandcrVecn in 1958. Dow Gains 1134 NEW YORK (AP) The slock market rallied slrongly Tuesday amid what brokers de- scribed as rising hopes for n re- laxation of the Arab producing countries' stand on oil supplies and prices. The Dow Jones average of 30 industrial slocks jumped 7.12 'points lo B27.44 in the first hour of trading. Advancing issues outpaced declines by an over- whelming 5-2 margin on the New York .Stock Exchange. would be spent and the food dis- tributed remained to be worked out, he said. Food industry of- "icials said million would pro- vide enough food to stock 34 supermarkets. The Symbionese Liberation Army, which claims to be hold ng the 19-year-old University of California student, demandec hat Hearst give of free food :6 each of.the state's pooi, aged, paroled and disabled as condition' :for negolialions foi her release. State officials es- imated.the cosl at some million. Hearst announced his plan me day before a deadline set by tie SLA. He emphasized it was mly a first step. "There is no guarantee Pa- r'icia is going to get home on he said. His daughter was pulled creaming from her Berkeley parlment 15 days ago by two Jack men who fired shots al vilnesses. Volunteers Lawyer Hearst also said he had asked ian Francisco attorney William Joblentz, a family friend, lo see thai two SLA members charged with'.-the murder of Oakland Schools Supt. Marcus Foster last Nov. 6 get a fair trial. Hearst said the he is donaling himself represents "a substantial part of my personal assets." He said the remaining million would come from the William Randolph Hearst Foundation. "This is an honest effort on my part lo do what I can, and lhat's all I can do. I think they'll believe Hearst said. The SLA told Hearst in taped message received Satur- day il would "accept a sincere effort on your part." On the same tape, Miss Hearst urged her falhcr lo devise a program "as fast as you can and every- thing will be fine." Hearst announced his plan after meeting with American In dian Movement leader Dennis Banks and other members of the coalition of activist groups named by the SLA to handle Ihe food distribution. "I would like to say I may nol be their friend, but they've turned out to be he said of the activisl groups. "If there's anything that I can do lo help them in the future, whether Patty's in or out, I'm going lo try and do il and understand their problems." "Kilty" Emply Asked whether he could offer any more money if the SLA rejected Ihe million plan, Hearst said, "I don'l think there is any more in the kilty. I think we're making n mistake In be- lieving Unit llils is a ransom demand. "Whnl Ihey are saying is, 'Give nn cwxprcssion of goodwill and show a desire to respond to our needs and our problems and the problems of the poor'." Delay Refused, Stans, Mitchell Go on Trial -AP WIrephoto MITCHELL ARRIVES Former Atty. Gen. John Mitchell arrives for the beginning of his trial in New York federal court. He and former Com- merce Secretary Maurice Stans are charged with obstruction of justice, con- spiracy and perjury. i -y- M f.f f, v_ f> Lourt lo Decide If Tree Speech Guards Sex Scenes in Theater WASHINGTON The supreme court Tuesday agreec :o review a judge's ruling that a )lay can be held obscene be- cause of conduct, such as simu ated sex acts, which he said are not protected- by constitu- ional guarantees shielding free ;peech. The court agreed to hear an appeal from a decision of the sixth circuit court of appeals upholding a ban on a perform- ance of the rock musical 'Hair." No "Hair" The Chattanooga, Tenn., Mu- nicipal Auditorium Board re- used to permit the show to be performed in the Tivoli theater, privately-owned theater eased by the city. U. S. Judge Frank Wilson, in a opinion which the circuit court Tribunal Agrees To Review Iowa Divorce Stafute WASHINGTON (UPI) The supreme court agreed Tuesday to decide in an Iowa test case whether a state may require a year's residency before the start of divorce proceedings. The requirement was upheld 2 lo 1 by a special three-judge federal court in Cedar Rapids on July 16. The high court will hear the case later this term and decide it by written opinion. The suit was filed by Carol Maureen Sosna of Green Island, a former resident of New York, who wanted to divorce her hus- band, Michael Sosna. They had married Sept. 5, 1964, in Michi- gan. District Judge A. L. Keck of Jackson county court dismissed the petition; on the ground that Mrs. Sosna had not lived in Ihe state a year. She then sued in federal court to get the law declared unconstitutional. Torfiiy'.s ChucMc What the world needs Is n computer lo figure out all the things ilmi don't add up. upheld, said obscenity in a play can consist of either speech, conduct or both. "Conduct, when .not in the form of symbolic speech or so closely related to. speech as to be illustrative thereof, is not speech and hence-such conduct docs not fall within the freedom of speech guarantees of the First Wilson wrote. "Misapprehension" Attorney John Alley, repre- Promo- supreme court that such a ruling is un- precedented and "a total misap- prehension of what live theater is all about." "Since sex is one of the most pervasive themes in all art, one can expect that a good part of theater will, under this ruling, be beyond the protection of the First Alley said in his brief. The court also: Agreed to rule on the constitu- tionality of a Louisiana statute that excludes women from jury duty unless they formally de- clare they wish lo serve. Two convicted men claimed the ex- senting Southeastern lions Ltd., told the elusion violated their right to a fair trial. Let stand a lower court deci- sion that held that former Cook county State's Hanrahan and Atty. seven Edward Chicago policemen should stand trial for violating the federal civil rights law in the 1969 raid which re- sulted in the death of Black Panther leader Fred Hampton and a colleague. Decided to review a Georgia law that prohibits using the names of rape victims in news stories or broadcasts. Agreed to rnle in an Ohio case whether the rights of public school students are violated if they are suspended without being first allowed to present their case at an informal hear- ing. Let. stand a. California su. preme court decision that de- clared that children whose parents are living together in another home are entitled to welfare benefits. Ruled that an employe accus- ing his employer of racial dis- crimination has a right to carry his case to court even if he has already exhausted union arbi- Iration procedures. NEW YORK (AP) Former Atty. Gen. John Mitchell and ex-Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans made a final, vain effort Tuesday lo abort or delay their federal criminal trial, the first in the last half- century involving members of the President's cabinet. Stans' attorney, John Diuguid, renewed his request to dismiss the charges of conspiracy and obstruction of justice against the two of them, to move the trial out of New York City, or lo delay it indefinitely. He contended that pretria] publicity had made a fair trial impossible. "The prejudicial massive pub- licity in this case has continued right up to the present Diuguid told U.S. Judge Lee Gagliardi. Senate Panel Cited Diuguid cited the senate Wa- tergate committee's interrup- tions of its hearings in Washing- ton because of the pending trial of Mitchell and Stans and spe- cial prosecutor Leon Jaworski': comments vouching for the reli- ability of John Dean who was scheduled to be a key witness in the present trial. As he had before, Gagliardi advised the defense fhat the only way to determine whether a fair. jury could be selectee was :to begin Ihe process of ex aminirig. prospects. He then called a brief recess while the-first of 800 prospectivi jurors on hand were called ti his ninth-floor courtroom Donation 60, attorney genera during President Nixon's first term, and Stans, 65, Nixon's first secretary of commerce, are'charged with accepting a under-the-table con- tribution to Nixon's 1972 re-elec- tion campaign from fugitive fi nancier Robert 37. In return, the government claimed, they pledged "to exert their influence" in sidetracking a Securities and Exchange Com- mission probe of Vesco's mul- MAURICE STANS imillion dollar corporate em- )ire. Not since the Teapot Dome scandal of 1923 have two cabinet nembers been indicted on charges relative lo their official or political duties. In thai case, Republican President Warren larding's interior secretary, Al- )erl Fall, went to prison, bill his Ervin Gaiis for End to Hearings WASHINGTON (UPI) Senator Sam Ervin (D-N.C.) said Tuesday he does not want the senate Watergate commit- tee to conduct any more hear- ings. The committee was ex- pected to approve Ervin's rec- ommendation at later Tuesday.' a meeting attorney general, Harry Daugh- erly, escaped punishment. Mitchell was in charge of Nix- m's re-election campaign, and Stans was his chief fund-raiser on March 8, 1972, when the in- dictment charges 'that Vesco of- fered a contribution in return for intercession with the SEC. Disclosure Law The government charged that eventually a sum of was agreed amount upon was and that this secretly turned over to Stans in Washington on April A new law requir ing public .disclosure of cam Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Local Solons In Favor of Bargaining iy Frank Nye DBS MOINES Gazette area egislators favor enactment of a giving.collective bargaining ights to public employes by a nargin of about slightly more ban 2 to 1, a survey showed Tuesday. The Gazette asked 29. north- ;ast lowans' how they plan to 'ole on the bargaining rights lill that comes up in the house Wednesday. Seventeen said they arc for it, ight are against it and four are hdecided. Reservations In several cases members on ioth the "yes" and "no" sides ad some reservations. Some avoring the bill said they want New Round Of Shuttle just assed the way the senate it last year, adding iey'11 vote against it if it is wa- ered down loo much. Some opponents said they on't like Ihe senate bill but will ote for it if it is changed to nit their fancy. Those who favor the bill are: leps. Donald Avenson (D-Oel- 1 e i n James Carr (D- Joseph Clark (D- William Hargrave D-Iowa Wally Horn (D- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Solzhenitsyn Needs Archives Badly By Frank Crepcmi ZURICH, Switzerland (AP) Alexander Solzhenitsyn says lie will be unable lo complete his series of hislori- cal novels if the Kremlin docs not let his files and archives follow him into exile. But Hint will not silence his writing. The exiled Hussion writer said "October the sec- ond volume in his "historical novel of revolutionary times" thai began wil.lv "August is almost ready for publication. "The third volume is start- cd, and the rich collection of materials, documents, reports of eyewitnesses, photographs, illustrations and numerous rare books with my annota- tions has been he continued in an exclusive in- terview Monday with the As- sociated Press. "1 have (illiberal Ihcse ar- chives ever .since HUB and have pnl inlo Ilieni an enor- mous amount of work. If the Soviet authorities confiscate them, even if only partially, it will be spiritual murder." Toward Present Solzhenitsyn said he is too old at 55 lo collecl the materi- als again, and loss of the archives would mean aban- donment of the-project. "But then my remaining years and strength, instead of being directed to Russian his- tory, will be directed toward the Soviet presenl for which I will need no he declared. "All my life I constantly did literary work without a break, even for a week. No mailer how it hurts, no matter how hitler it is lo start this work here, I will carry II on, even here." The interview, the first given by Solzhenitsyn since Ills expulsion from Ihe Soviet Union last week, was conduct- ed at the apartment of his Swiss lawyer, Fritz Heeb. The author took written questions inlo another room, wrole oul his answers and then returned and rapidly read the re- sponses aloud in his high- pitched voice. "Will Return" "I know for myself (hat my right lo Russian earth is no less (nan the right of those who took upon themselves the audacity to physically throw me lie said in response lo one question. "I have Ihe feeling that in a few years, I will return to Russia. 'How it will happen, how changed will be the con- ditions, I cannot foretell. But no one and nothing can pre- did the future. Wonders never cease to occur in our lives." second wife, their three sons, her 11-year- old son by a previous mar- riage and her mother arc still in (he Soviet Union. Soviet government statements have said his family can join him in the West "when they deem it and his mother- in-law is expected to come loo. "If one is lo believe the statements of members of the Soviet government, my family will be let go without hin- Solzhenitsyn said. "But without my presence, for two women with four children, it is not easy to liquidate an existence of many years, lo pack up, to gel moving, lo find a moment when none of the children arc sick." Hunk Visit Solzhenitsyn visited a bank Monday to take care of some business thai he did nol dis- cuss. Then he took a walk and stopped at a house where (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Nixon announced Tuesday le is dispatching Secretary of "tale Kissinger to the Middle Hast to begin disengagement alks with Syria and Israel. The new round of shuttle di- domacy by K i s s i n g e r was agreed upon at a White House meeting belween Nixon, Kis- singer and foreign ministers small Fahmy'of Egypt and Omar Sakkaf. of Saudi Arabia. Major Obstacle Separation of Israeli and Syrian forces along the Golan Heights is believed to be the najor obstacle lo the lifting of he Arab oil embargo on the J.S. But no direct mention of the oil embargo was'made by Nix- on, Kissinger or the foreign ministers as they stood in Ihe rain in Ihe White House rose garden to report on their 90- minule meeting. The Saudian foreign minister did, however, say that "we both believe something will happen and soon for Ihe benefit of the United and Ihe. world. Nixon said he had asked'Kis- singer, upon his'return'..this weekend from a meeting in Mexico, "to go to the Middle East again" to meet with the Syrians and Israelis "with the objective of getting talks start- ed Both of the Ai ab envoys laud- ed fhe decision to send Kis- singer to spur the new negotia- tions. Low Voice During brief. picture taking, Nixon conferred in a low voice with his two guests. They talked about, the forthcoming Islamic summit in Lahore, Pakistan, at which Sakkaf will participate. Sakkaf told Nixon that, before going to Lahore he will stop in Paris. Some observers said, they expected the President to be told that there might be a par- tial, gradual lifting of the Mid- dle East oil embargo against the U.S. Informed sources said the Iwo diplomats were delivering a verbal message to Nixon from the big four Egypt, Syria, Al- geria and Saudi Arabia on decisions reached at the summit conference in Algiers Fahrhy and Sakkaf met-Mon- day with Kissinger and Fahmy was asked afterward if he would have, "good news" for Nixon at Tuesday's meeting. he replied. Kissinger reported "solid ac- complishments" in advance of Tuesday's While House session. POW List Syria has refused to partici- pate in peace talks imlil Israel gives up Ihe territory taken after it was attacked by its (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) Dayan Won't Join New Government JERUSALEM Minister Moshe Dayan an- nounced he will refuse to join Ihe nexl Israeli government be- cause of criticism of his han- dling of Ihe October war, the slate radio said Tuesday. Today's Index Comics .....................17 Crossword..................17 Dally Record................3 Deaths ......................j Editorial Features...........G Farm ......................II Financial ..................18 Marion .....................lg Movies .....................lli Society Sports ...................13-15 Stnlc Television ..................10 Waul Ads................20-23 ;