Cedar Rapids Gazette, February 13, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

February 13, 1974

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Issue date: Wednesday, February 13, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 'Weather- Colder through Thurs- day. Uw tonight Iccns lo 20s. High .Thursday 20s lo 30s. _VOLUMK 92 NUMUEK 35 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAK ItAI'IDS, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, KKUHUARY 13, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YOUK TIMES Arab Crude Producers Delay Talk TRIPOLI, Libya (AP) The meeting Thursday of Arab oil ministers to discuss the oil em- bargo on the U.S. has been post- poned indefinitely, government spokesmen announced Wednes- day. A brief communique broad- cast by Tripoli radio said th postponement was "at the re quest o[ Saudi Arabia and Ku wait." Foreign diplomats here specu lated the postponement wa prompted by a four-nation Aral summit in Algiers. The leaders of Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Algeria were gathering there to discuss what the A] gerian radio called "new ant important developments" sinci the Arab-Israeli war. There was widespread spec- ulation here that any decision 'on the oil embargo against the U.S. would be made in Al- giers. Postponement of the Tripol meeting caught Kuwaiti Oi Minister Abdul Rahman Atiki in Beirut preparing to board a plane for Tripoli, a Kuwait spokesman in Beirut reported Atiki immediately put off the trip. Sadat Urging Egyptian President Sadat has in recent weeks reportedly been urging a.lifting of the embargo because of the agreement be- tween Egypt and Israel on troop disengagement along the Suez Canal. ,At the same time, however, Syrian President Hafez Assac has reportedly been pressuring King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.to continue the boycott until an Israeli-S y r i a n disengagement pact is signed. President Nixon in his State of the Union speech placed great hope on an "urgent meeting" to be called "in the near future" by the Arabs to discuss the oil embargo. It was lo have opened in Tripoli on Thursday. The postponement occurred as four Arab leaders gathered Wednesday in Algiers to discuss oil matters and disengagement of Syrian and Israeli forces on the Golan Heights. The official Algerian radio said the meeting had been called to consider "new and im- portant developments" in the Middle East situation since a full-scale Arab summit last No- vember. "New Developments" The official Algerian radio said the meeting in Algiers attended by Sadat, Assad. King Faisal and President Houari Boumediennc of Algeria had been called lo consider "new arid important developments" in the Middle East situation. The first indication that trou- ble for the Tripoli conference was ahead came Tuesday night when radical Iraq announced it was boycotting the meeting be- cause the agenda was confined to possibly lifting the embargo against the U.S. Iraq favors a harder line, advocating complete national- ization of U.S. oil interests in the Middle East and withdraw- al of Arab money from Ameri- can banks. Observers in Beirut speculat- ed a new date for the Tripoli conference would be set by Arab leaders once a decision had been reached at the Algiers meeting. Egyptian reports said Pres- ident Sadat wanted to express appreciation for the U.S. efforts by casing the oil embargo. He was expected lo press his poinl nt the Algiers meeting. Today's Chuckle Married couples who sil nn one chair hnvc the least room for argument. cwvrinhi Promises Alternative To Demand for Food i Gazette Leased Wires Arab terrorists who "negotiated BERKELEY The father of j the release of their hostages and kidnaped newspaper heiress Pa-jlcft the country." trica Hearst said Wednesday ilj ,.F would be "impossible to meet" pci> her terrorist abductors' de- recording of Miss mands for free food for all of Hearst's voice, dated Feb. 8 and California's needy. delivered to a local FM radio Randolph Hearst said started out: would offer a counter-proposal j "Mom, Dad, I'm okay. 1 within the next two days. j "I had a few scrapes and FLEE SHELLING With smoke billowing from their home in the background, members of boa'ian family flee for safety as insurgent forces shell Phnom Penh. Telenholo Cam- Oil Consumers Set Broad Accord WASHINGTON (UPI) The 13-nation conference of oil con- suming countries reached broad agreement Wednesday on the necessity of holding a meeting with Arab and other oil pro- ducing countries to try to allevi- ate the effects of the world crisis. While declining to go along with some of Ihe steps the other countries believed necessary to work out a solution to the petro- (Photo on Picture Page) eum crisis. France agreed to a general call for cooperative ac- ion. The conference agreed to an early meeting of oil-consuming and producing countries, but France held out and did not go along. In a final communique, adopt- tries concerned including oil producing to ac- celerate1 an improvement in the supply and demand situation, ameliorate the adverse econom- ic consequences of the existing situation and lay the ground- work for a more equitable and stable international energy rela- tionship." According io the draft com- munique which bracketed portions upon which there was not unanimous agreement there was no dispute about the need for a comprehensive pro- gram. The draft said foreign min- isters of ail 13 countries the nine members of the European Common Market plus Canada, the U.S., Japan and Norway "concurred in the need for com- prehensive action program to deal with all facets of the world It Invite Others added: "They recognize ed at the windup of a situation by cooperative conference here, the diplomats j measures." agreed lo establish a coordinat- ng group headed by senior of- icials and to consult with devel- oping countries in the prepare-: ions for the consumer-producer meeting. As he left a meeting of foreign ministers who had been discuss- ng a draft communique, British foreign Minister Sir Alec Doug- as-Home said there was "broad agreement on a nroducer-con- sumer conference." Concerted Cooperation A draft of the communique nade available to UPI called or "concerted international co- operation between all the coun- that on some of these aspects they may wish to invite, as ap- propriate, other countries to join with them in these efforts." The communique agreed that such an action program of inter- national cooperation should in- clude "the sharing of means and efforts" in the following areas: Conserving energy and re- straining demand. A system of allocating oil sup- plies in times o( emergency or severe shortages. i Speeding development of addi- tional energy sources so as to other European members back- diversify Ash Energy Comment Stirs Simon Sarcasm WASHINGTON (AP) Fcd-jconference to discuss Ihc :ral energy chief William Accelerating energy research and development programs through international coopera- tive France continued to insist that the "action program of in- ternational cooperation" should bi> carried out within the exist- ing framework of the Organiza- tion for Economic Cooperation and Development 0 E C D which includes all the countries represented at the Washington energy conference plus several European nations not present. Not Clear Officials said it was not clear as yet just how the final com- munique would handle Ihe por- tions of the agreement with which France disagreed. It was assumed that they would simply be noted as sections on which France reserved its position. Representatives of the 13 countries worked through the night on the draft communique, finally completing their work at 5 a.m. CDT. The conference had been scheduled to end Tuesday but France's refusal to go along with U.S. proposals supported by the other 12 made a third day necessary. French Foreign Minister Mi-l chel Jobert said American oil I companies are to blame for the crisis, and he said he did not believe Secretary of Slate Kis- singer's Monday offer lo share U. S. oil with others the ncxl imc there is an oil crisis. "Question Offer1 "I question if (here were such a crisis would such an offer be Jobert said. The debate produced Ihc first major split among members of mgthey-.S, West German Finance Min ister Helmut Schmidt said na tions thai need oil must cooper ate rather than everyone trying "to save his own skin." Jobert, speaking up for the right to an independent course replied lhat Schmidt was righl "Except that we don't al have the same hide. Some of us have tight, shiny hides; others are skinny and worry about foot for tomorrow. Let's remember this before making ethical con- demnations thai -have no place tiere in the work we have to do together." 40 Vehicles in Piieups in Fog JACKSON, Mich. (AP) An estimated 40 to 50 cars and trucks crashed in at least four separalc pileups on fogbound Interstate 94 Wednesday. Nineteen persons were hospi- talized, several in .serious condi- tion. "Cars are ripped apart like tin cans, trucks arc jackknifed in the said a witness. "You can't sec 20 feet in front of a policeman said. Cars and trucks driving through the fog struck other Hearst, editor and president of Ihe San Francisco Examiner, addressed his daughter, Pa- tricia, 19, in remarks read al a news conference lhat was also Broadcast from his Hillsborough home. "Pally, I hope you are listen- Hearst said. "We're really pleased to know you're okay. You sounded a little tired, or like you were sedated, but you sounded all right and I'm sure people that have you are Celling the truth when they say they're treating you under the Geneva convention. "I just wanted to let you know it's a little frightening because the original demand is one that is impossible to meet. However, in the next 24 to 48 hours, I will be trying my best to come back with some kind of a counter- offer thal's acceptable. Million State officials say the kid- napers' demands could cost as much as million. A recording of the girl's voice, a monotone which an FBI agenl said sounded as if she might be very tired or drugged, was senl to Hearst Tuesday along with a letter demanding a month-long handout of food in supermarkets from San Francisco to Los An- geles. The heiress said she was "okay" and had not been harmed although she was blind- folded most of the time. Warning She called on her "daddy" lo "get that food thing organized" and warned against any attempt to track down her abductors or free her by force. Charles Bates, head of the FBI invesligation of the kidnap, said agents had no intention of "going into a house with guns blazing" even if Ihey located the hideout. He said they would abide by Hearst's wishes. The letter from the hitherto obscure SLA set one "ransom" condition as the providing of of food apiece beginning Feb. 19 :o everyone on welfare, receiv- ng social security benefits, dis- abled veterans, parolees and persons out of jail on bail. A statement by Miss Hearst in he tape hinted that the SLA's ultimate demand in exchange "or her release will be the free- stuff, but they washed them up and they're gelling okay and I caughl a cold bul they're giving me pills for it and sluff. I'm nol being starved or beaten or un- necessarily frightened "I'm kept blindfolded usually so that I can't identify anyone My hands are often tied, bul generally they're nol. I'm not jagged or anything. I'm com- :ortable and 1 think you can tell :hal I'm not really terrified or anything, and I'm okay "I'm with a combat unit :hat's armed with automalic .veapons and there's also a medical team here and there's no way that I will be releasec until they let me go so i wouldn't do any good for some body to come in here and try to get me out by force. "These people aren't just a bunch of nuls. They've been re (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Cold Water Cave Access Costs Aired By Frank Nyc DBS MOINES .Cold. Water cave in Howard and Winneshiek counties in Northeast low; might be made accessible to the public at cost estimate ranging from tc according to two three commercial cave develop ers. The third developer agreec Cold Water has tourist possibili lies but did not give a cost es timate. The estimates did no include land acquisition or ac quiring land rights. The statements were include< n a 17-page interim report to Gov. Robert Ray on scientific progress in exploring the cave a report he called "encourag- ing.''' "I hope the lime will come when more people can view (he wonders of this said the governor, who made a personal inspection trip into the cave several months ago. The progress report was made jy Donald Koch, project scien- tist, for Director Sam Tuthill of :owa Geological Survey and dom of two SLA members now Director Fred Priewcrt of the n pnson. Being held at San Quentin, hey are charged with last No- vember's ambush-slaying o f Marcus Foster, Oakland's black superintendent of schools. Miss Hearst said the two men vcliiclcs that had. managed tojcharged are while, and the men avoid earlier accidents. leaving Ihe Foster killing The chain reaclion black. She said the kid- about a.m. "Within two napcrs felt the former two were minutes there were at least 20 being held only because they cars and trucks in the 'said a witness. were SLA members. She also made a reference to Iowa conservation commission. The final report is not due until Jan. 17, 1975 when a con- tract with Kenneth Flatland, a farmer, for permission to do ex- ploration drilling on his land over the cave, expires. Legislators Attend Koch made his report direct to Ihe governor at a session to N s Send Author to Free Zone BONN (AP) Nobel Prize- winning author Alexander Solz- lenitsyn arrived in West Ger- many Wednesday after being stripped of his Soviet citizenship and expelled from his home- land. The Soviet news agency Tass announced in Moscow that the presidium of the supreme sovi- ;l, the Soviet parliament, had :aken away the outspoken au- :hor's citizenship "for perform- ing systematically actions that are incompatible with being a citizen of the USSR and detri- mental to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics." Tass said Solzhenitsyn's fami- ly, including his wife and three sons, "can join him when they deem it necessary." Not Informed Solzhenitsyn's wife told news- men Wednesday night in Mos- cow she had not been informed of the official decision and had no comment. "I will not really believe it until I hear his voice telling me it is Mrs. Natalya Solz- henitsyn told newsmen who called at her apartment in cen- tral Moscow. "If he I know he will call me." Her eyes were red. She looked distraught and. she said, "We very upset." Behind her, her mother held one of Solzhen- itsyn's three sons. The boy was crying-. "Now 'he is in a free country he will be able to tell everything she said. "I don't want: to say too much. I know you will understand. Please for- give me." The Nobel Prize author flew from Moscow aboard a Soviet airliner that taxied to a far corner of Frankfurt airport, beyond the view of waiting re- porters. Solzhenitsyn's presence on the plane was confirmed by the airport spokesman. Newsmen were barred from approaching the plane "in the interest of Mr. the airport spokesman said. Was Expected Earlier a spokesman for West German author Heinrich Boll, also a Nobel Prize winner, had said Solzhenitsyn was expected :o travel to Boll's country house jetween Frankfurt and Bonn on the west side of the Rhine. Boll's country house was cor- doned off by police but the Ger- man author told newsmen there 'I know nothing. I have come lere to work in peace on a new lovel." Government spokesman Rue- liger von Wechmar announced n the capital that the Kremlin lad informed Bonn that Solz- icnitsyn would be coming there, le said the government was Tcparcd to accept the Russian vriter. Von Wechmar said it was not yet known whether Solzhenitsyn which legislators were invited. Lould pcrmancntly Among those attending were1..... (Continued: Page 2. Col. 1.) the European Common Market, Germany and Ihc The exchange recalled a squabble last September bc-t twcen Treasury Secret a r y Comics iriticizcd budget director Koyi Ash for calling Ihc energy crisis a problem and added: "Maybe I should ask Mr. Ash to keep his rolton-11! c o r g c Shullz and Mclvin lickin' hands off energy then President Nixon's :y." I lop domestic adviser. Simon was responding to; While Shultz was on a trip lo Hicstions about a statement byj.lapan, Laird, in Washington, ish thai the long lines of cars: announced a lax increase pro- irouml gasoline slnlions nnd posal, prompting Shullz lo re- illier critical problems resulting spond: "The President's adviser rom the energy shortage will on domestic affairs cim keep his. nd this vcnr. Icolton-pickin' hands off econnm-! "The short fines will be hcrcjlc policy." or a long lime to Simon! "cforc making the aid. He lidded sarcastically Ihnl icrlmps he should call n news Sliultz conferred by telephone from Tokyo with his deputy sec- rclnry William Simon. Today's Index 8D Courthouse 3A Crossword .................81) Daily Record ..............3A Dcntlis Editorial Features .8A Farm ....................I3C Finaneiul ..................91) Marion ....................sn Movies .....................8C Society ...............10B-13B Sports ..................ID-CD State .................IC-3C Television .................71) Want Ads ............HD-131) Transit Plan to Congress WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Nixon asked congress Wednesday to set up a revenue- sharing program that would pro- vide S19..'i billion for public trans- portation and heller highways over the next six years. N i x o n also asked the congress lo approve his plan lo revitalize the nation's rail system through n billion loan guarantee and through relaxed regulatory restraints. "The energy crisis has under- scored an important lesson. Our system of national irnnspor- lalion is nol working al max- imum Nixon said in a message lo congress on trans- portation. "As our society grows and our economy continues to expand, we must insure thai Ihc ef- ficiency of this system keeps sidles for current transit sys- stridc the changing de- mands placed on Nixon said. He Flexibility said the nation should center its efforts on achieving a flexible and balanced transpor- tation system. T li e President's proposal would make billion avail- able for use by cities and towns for their transportation pro- grams In fiscal year 1975, which begins July I. Of that total, billion would come from Ihc highway trust fund and could be used either for highways in urban areas or for mass transit. Another million would be allocated directly for transit use, including operating sub- Ictus. The final million would be used lo continue current cap- ital grants programs adminis- tered by the urban mass trans- portation administration. Trust Fund End addition, the legislation proposed by Nixon would phase oul by 1978 Ihe current distinc- tion between highway funds and mass transit funds. II would set :ip a new mechanism for fund- ng all transportation programs out of general revenue funds. Highways currently arc fund- ed through a trusl fund which is composed of gasoline and high- y use taxes. Nixon said his proposal to (Continued: Page 3, Col, 8.) West Germany. The West German embassy in Moscow said il had no informa- tion about Solzhenitsyn's depor- tation. Officials said the em- bassy was nol involved. Informed sources in Bonn said earlier they knew Solzhenilsyn was deported by Soviet authori- ties. Virulent Campaign The author's arrest in Moscow climaxed a virulent official press, radio and television cam- paign against Solzhenitsyn since his book reviewing Soviet police terror "Gulag Archipelago" was published in Paris six weeks ago. Solzhenilsyn, in a statement prepared in anticipation of his arrest, said he would keep silent if put on trial and "will not work one half-hour for my op- pressors" if sentenced to a abor camp again. "In this way, I leave them the simple choice of nil tyrants: to kill me quickly because I write (Continued: 4.) ;