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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 12, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page Tuesday, Febnioiy 12. 1974 Re-run of hot-lunch error Nixon's survival nearly a sure thing (The similarity befween this and an editorial published here May 15, ?973, is intentional. Only the figures, time elements, names of the legislative bodies involved and details of their ac- tions have been changed.) TN SENDING to the full X appropriation committees a bill approving in state funds for hot lunch programs in Iowa's nonpublic schools, the joint appropriation subcommittee of the house and senate last week repeated the folly of a similarly wrong proposal launched in The unexpected kick-through of a "hot-lunch" windfall illus- trates precisely the danger in ill- considered subsidizing of this sort: Carried to its logical end, tax support for religious education can expand until it takes in everything but the church-in- structional part itself. First comes voluntary special- services support, optional with those in charge of each school district. Then mandatory support, required on demand. Then cafeteria support. And what next? Public funds for nonpublic school busing? Public fund's for classroom construction? Public funds for athletic facilities0 Public funds for everything on the curriculum except t'hc religious instruction? As noted here before but bitterly disputed by proponents of tax- funds for private schooling, private schools exist APART from public ones solely to promote a chosen religion as part of the program. Public schools, too, do all the rest, for everyone who wants to go. Their programs touch the full range of learning in- tellectual, physical, cultural, emotional. They even deal in nutrition lunches for the "hungry children" who might otherwise not eat. (Do any parents of a disadvantaged "hungry child" send him to a church-school, claiming that the spiritual fare is more important there than eating free at public The one thins public schools do not concern themselves with is specific religion. They keep hands off because sound public policy has long maintained that training in religion is a home-and-chureit responsibility freely chosen in a land of great diversity: To each his own. Therefore, church-relat- ed schools exist apart from public ones to purvey religion as an in- tegrated day-Jong part of all Un- rest. The choice for this exposure, too, is freely taken with the un- derstanding that the church alone assumes expenses for all private schooling because of the religion element valued so highly by those who partake. Now to call upon the public as a whole to underwrite the cost, increasingly, of everything except the church instruction is a grave perversion of the principle from which all public-schools have grown. No matter how the gloss and double-talk spin out, tliis is public money going to promote, support and subsidize specific churches and (heir bodies of belief. Periodic chips and nibbles at the separation principle repeat- edly have been adjudged nncons-, titutional: They weaken and erode the church-state separation that Americans have deemed es- sential to the freedom, strength and safety of BOTH church and state as independent entities. The Iowa lunch-subsidy proposed for private schools has., been defended on the ground that federal funds for a similar pur-- pose have not been ruled uncon- stitutional. A potent challenge in the courts should snag this action promptly if the legislature as a whole follows .through with an appropriation of public meal- funds for church-school attcnclers. It could lead, perhaps, to knocking out a dead-wrong system at both levels federal and state alike. Assured FROM the Cedar Rapids human rights commission to all water bill receivers goes a leaflet titled "How To File a Discrimination which lays that information on the line in plain English. The procedure to follow is there along with answers to questions that might occur to a would-be complaint filer. What caught our eye, though, even more than the outline of procedure, was a statement by Ralph Coty, executive-secretary of the city's human rights commis- sion. "The most important thing to it read in part, "is that the filing of a complaint is a relatively simple matter. Just pick up the telephone or come to the Third floor. City Hall; that's all it takes. You can rest assured that when you leave the commission you will have a satisfactory answer to your Now that is something in this day of continuing uncertainties: a flat, unequivocal guarantee of a "satisfactory answer." Wouldn't it be something if every government agency could make such a boast and deliver? People's forum Schools solvable? To the Editor: While the Cedar Rapids school board is making plans for a million bond issue, it is also spending some SI.2 million on renovation work at McKinley and Roosevelt junior high schools. Bond issue funds would finance what is planned for the other two older junior highs Franklin and Wilson. There Is no question as to the durability of the original four buildings and tho ad- ditions built a decade later. They should endure for another half century or longer. According lo the Gazette article of Feb. 3, these buildings are structurally sound but not flexible enough to meet changing educational requirements. Is this a paradox? During prior remodeling periods some desired alterations were omitted due to cost of changing massive concrete and steel supports. If Ihe build- ings arc inflexible, how many limes should they be renovated? While Ihe public's main concern is Ihe quality of education here, many also are interested in these questions: school is on the edge of Ihe downtown business district. Xew 'businesses and apartments are develop- ing nearby. In a decade or two how many students will reside within the present boundaries? Possibly the building then ,may have some other useful purpose. school is in another area where drastic changes are occurring. Within a short time all property along First avenue E will be zoned commercial, light industrial, or for more apartments or condominiums. What will be Ihe school enrollment here a few years hence? are the 20-year enrollment es- timates for all four oldest buildings? amount has been spent on al- tering each of these four buildings since the addltfons were built in 1935? How- many limes lias each been renovated? 1-380 is completed, will II have any effect on elementary, junior high and senior high school enrollments near the expressway site? II is laudable to install an elevalor for By James J. Kilpatrick MKW OH1.KANS I have been on the 1 road lately, fiyinij Die rib-eye eirniil across the South, and distill this impres- sion from a hundred conversations Inflation may be Concern I in (Ins region, but Topic Xu. I is impeachment In every gathering, (he first question-, have lo do with Kiehard Xiviui: Will tin- old pni hang on ti> his title" The sports metaphor has unusual application down here. For good or ill. the Sooth in recent years lias lost many of its regional distinctions, bill it has re- tained this much: Southerners, as a breed, are still wild about spoils. The tradition goes hack to the first fun-loving Virginia Cavaliers, with their racehorses and gamecocks; it is manifested here in Xew Orleans today in the awesome Superdome. which squats like some massive Buddha over the cen- tral city, a million idol for the fans. Given this obsession, il is not surpris- ing to find thai many southerners look upon impeachment as a kind of novel spectator sport. It is Xixon in this corner and his collective opposition in the other. The Fight of the Century, folks, and how do you see the odds? After a few hours of such conversation, a political writer wants to yield to Howard Cosell. The approach may sound both cynical James J. Kilpatrick anil superficial, hut it has its advantages. There is this lo be said of any sports event, that il is played by roles, that it is subject to referees or umpires, and lliai it winds up with a decision or a final score. However wildly the fans may disagree with the official. Ihe outcome is accepted. And there is this above all: No matter how passionately the fans may view a particular event, they understand thai a sports event is not the be-all and the end-all. If Tulaue loses, Ihe university survives. II is no had Ihing to look upon im- peachment in (his fashion. There has been entirely too much apocalyptic fill- munition about the stale of the President. If Ihe house impeaches Nixon, and tin- senate removes him from office, the Republic will survive. The old pro will have been toppled, but this is a familiar fate for old pros. Such an outcome would elate the Nixon haters and crush Ihe N'lwn rooters, but so long as the fans had seen a fair match, played by Ihe rules, in time (lie event would fade into Ihe record books like last year's Superbuwt or last year's vice-president. What are the rules of (his contest? The house judiciary committee is attempting to reduce them lo writing now. Because not even his worst enemy has imputed "Ircjison" to (he President, il is clear that under the Constitution he could he impeached only for "bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors." The lenus come from the vocabulary of Ihe criminal law. Tile Constitution also speaks of viction" and of "trial." I lake all this lo mean that an impcochahlo offense most be a criminal offense. If this is a reasonable construction, il follows that Nixon might fairly be im- peached on such charges as obstruction of justice, evasion of taxes, acceptance of bribes in the guise of campaign con- tributions, or Ihe misappropriation of public funds to his private benefit. He could not be impeached fur such actions as Ihe bombing of Cambodia or the im- poundment of various funds. Is there probable cause to believe the President has commit led an impeachable offense? II seems to lie highly doubtful lilli if a majority of the house should vote In impeach, could proof of guilt be produced before the senate? This strikes me as more unlikely still. As a defendant on trial. Nivon would be entitled to every protect ion of due process of law lo the presumption of innocence, lo cross-examination of hostile witnesses, to the exclusion of hearsay testimony, lo a final instruction on reasonable doubt. Will Ihe old pni hold his title'.' I .tin no .1 impiy the Creek, but if you want to make book: Three lo Ihe house will not impeach, 511 lo one the senate will not convict. When Ihe lights go down in Ihe congressional Siipi'i-dome, Xixon will be the and like it or not. still the champ. Isn't It the Truth? By Corl Riblet, The miser and the four-flusher have' one thing in common; they both deceive. The miser pretends to be poor when he is, in fact, rich. The four-flusher pretends tp bo rich when he is up tin- verge bankruptcy. Never decide about a man until you have seen what's in his pockets. "Mflwv Him'A-; no ffooil unions Kpn'tiil." Bticon 'Proclamation' time-warped Honest, Abe, pundits have changed By William Safire 1862 I'residi-nt "Lincoln announced today his inten- tion to free the slaves in those states still in rebellion as of ,Ian. 1, 1883. White House aides referred lo the press han- dout as an "emancipation proclamation" and chiiraclerlxi-d il as a "major statement." A fictional roundup "I com- ment: By an Evans and Novak At a stormy, secret cabinet meeting two months before the Emancipation Proclamation, Postmaster Gen. Mont- gomery Blair the only man with poli- tical savvy still close to the increasingly isolated and morose President warned Lincoln that the move could spell disaster for candidates in the midterm elections. By polling bolhvether-bealen districts chosen for us by psephologist Oliver Keammonberg, wo find four border states Maryland. Kentucky, Delaware and Missouri are still loyal and highly necessary to the union cause. But they are slavebolding states. At tin; urging of vote-conscious Blair. Lincoln watered down his edict to apply only In con- federate states. Even so. pro-slavery sentiment in the North is likely to cause a political whiplash. Barring bombshells, insiders say anti-Lincoln forces will sweep New- York. Pennsylvania. Ohio, Indiana and Illinois all stales Lincoln carried two years ago. By a William Buckley The rodomontade accompanying the White House statement "Emancipa- tion Proclamation" has a mouth-filling quality obscures one of the recherche ironies of this administration. Here is a President freeing slaves (on paper, at least) and at the same lime imprisoning thousands of his countrymen unlawfully, denying them the basic Anglo-Saxon right to habeas corpus. (.'an we expect to hear a mighty roar from liberal abolitionists ou that issue, sensitive as they are to the cause of human freedom? As Gen. Xalhan Bed- ford Forrest said only last week. "I told yon twicet, goddammit, no." Although the assault of this proclama- tion by central government on private property is troubling, the constitutional principle of the equal creation nf men must control, which is why conservatives can support the restoration of certain muniments, if not the aureate rhetoric, ol this 'proclamation' By a C. L Sulzberger One must assume that the primary reason for Mr. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation was to influence the government of England not to enter America's Civil war ou the side of the South. Antislavery sentiment among England's workingmen is hieh. and nn the handicapped. But according to the Feb. li article, placing it in the center of the McKiuley cafeteria was not ideal. Good access to the street level is essential too. Can congestion be avoided at the end of study periods if this service is availa- ble to all students'.' If these buildings are to have long fu- ture service, air conditioning should lie installed, provided the buildings remain sufficiently flexible for future alter- ing. A heavy responsibility rests on those who determine whether a building is ton old or inflexible for remodeling or should be replaced. K Apt. 1I5II Geneva Tower state and are given lo the state wards (those Eskimos and Indians who receive a monthly paycheck from the There is never enough work for ail of them. Rough go Tn Iho Editor: is mi Alaskan court .lodge, and because of this I have a few mothers asking me why their sons can'I gel a job on this oil pipeline. There are lots of things that never gel out of Alaska. Firsl, there is no union in Alaska, bill men gel- .ling ii job there have lo answer In their union here, .lobs in Alaska belong lo the There will be 25 to men killed put- ting in this pipeline, and some will be rugged mountain climbers. There is no place in Alaska for Choehacoos (new- comers, greenhorns, All of the soil in Alaska is sill pushed up from the ocean floor. II has uo adhesive In il, bnl is held logelher with frozen water, and honeycombed. There are every day. When the lop surface begins lo fall into the earth's cavities, il lakes everything on top with it. Thai means men. equipment, everything, never lo be brought to Hie surface again: II is loo dangerous. They jnsl cover il up. so if a man comes up missing they will loll yon when he received his last paycheck. And that is all one ever will hear from brother, son or husband. All Alaskans know that anybody going (here lo work is a fool, needs n job and is mil loaded. Louise Voelmskn Thirty-fourth sired drive Channel-order To the Editor: A letter in the Fnrum on Feb. Ii by Hilda Walterick made, I thought, some interesting observations on TV listings in The Gazette. We also noticed, several weeks ago, that the listing for the Cedar Rapids-Waterloo stations was in strict numerical order, and it seemed a little easier to find the programming and channel number by having them so list- ed. Most of the readership studies which we have seen indicate that the TV listing in a newspaper is one of the best-read features and provides a very real service to the readers. From that standpoint, we agree that the TV listings should not be used as a promotion device for any or all of the nor should Iho listings be rotat- ed from week to week "lo be fair and noncoinpetlllve." They should simply be the best possible service lo Ihe Gazelle subscriber and reader who refers lo them. After all, Isn't The Gazelle's ob- jective lo heller serve Us readers jus! as the objective of channels 2, 7 mid II (In numeral order) is lo belter serve iinr viewers? .Inmes li. Ootlu-n Vice-president -slat Ion manager WMT Televlsini Cedar Rapids British leader, much as he would like to encourage a southern victory that would enhance England's commercial dominance, can afford to oppose it. Thus the emancipation is seen by ob- servers here in Ulan Bator, strategic nerve-center of Outer Mongolia, as a diplomatic-military masterstroke By an Art Buchwald Now that emancipation is here, everybody wants lo be a slave. My friend. Simon ,1. Legree, who has just become a management consultant to Little Eva In- dustries, thinks now that slavery is on the way out, nostalgia for it will grow. "Chains and flogging turned a lot of people off for says Simon. "But now they're coming to see the advan- tages: no taxes, no responsibilities, no jury duty By a Mary McGrory So the word finally crashed through the barrier erected by his Nicolai and Hay, lo the wisecracking warrior that cartoonists have come to know and love as "The Big that the Civil war is not being fought about preservation uf the union after all. but about the abolition of slavery. It's about time. Lincoln's name may be on the document, but the real authors are Wen- dell Phillips and William Lloyd Garrison, who were out marching in the streets while Honest Abe was doffing his stovepipe to the gang who tried to tag 'Copperhead' on the people who believe in peace and human freedom By a James Reston The trouble with Mr. Lincoln's proclamation is that il deals with the politics of (he problem and not the problem itself. The President, in seeking a compromise, has freed the slaves in only those stales in which his government has no power In enforce emancipation, and has not freed Ihe slaves in those states where his government does have the power to enforce it. That's why the mood pervading this capital today is somewhat cynical, hold- ing that Ihe proclamation is a lot of weak talk, and this is especially difficult for the wives. The problem has not lent itself lo a political solution, which is why we're fighting a Civil war. "Preservation of the- a worthy goal, is a political abs- traction. Slavery is another mailer a profound moral issue and il can no longer lie ducked, compromised about or postponed. Mr. Lincoln will soon have to lake an unequivocal moral sland. As Ihe yet-unborn Walter Lippmaun will one day write. Insights V hmltnd H'UMt Nltlfvtlt Every man ovor 40 is respon- sible for face. Abraham Lincoln
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