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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Fair to partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. Lows tonight In the teens. Colder Tuesday with highs In Ihc 20s to 30s. CITY FINAL 10 CENTS VOLUME 92-NUM1UCK 33 __1_ ______ FEBRUARY 11, 1974 PRESS, UPI, NEW YOHK TIMES TRUCK STRIKE APPEARS OVER Syria Shelling by Dims Peace Hope Giizette Leased Wires Syrian gunners dealt "devas- tating blows" to eight paramili- tary Israeli settlements Monday and wiped out three missile bases in the Golan Heights, the Damascus command reported. It claimed an Israeli lank con- centration received direct hits during the three-hour artillery engagement that Ilared along the northern and central sectors of the 40-mile truce line. "Fifteen enemy artillery bat- teries also were silenced by Syrian the command said. It was the second straight day of reported artillery clashes on 'the Golan front after a four-day lull. The Tel Aviv military com- mand had no immediate report on. Monday's action but said four of its soldiers were wound- ed in Sunday's clashes. The Syrians said they shelled the Israeli settlements to retali- ate for Israeli artillery attacks on three unarmed civilian vil- lages. Peace Move The clashes cast doubt on the effectiveness of a peace move by the Soviet Union over the weekend. Soviets have agreed to pressure Syria for concessions to get troop withdrawal talks started with Israel, Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban said Sunday. An Israeli government state- ment said Eban told the cabinet weekly meeting that the .U. S. informed him "the Soviet Union would be employing its influence on Damascus to obtain the (Israeli prisoners of war) list and Red Cross visits for the prisoners." cuss a disengagement with Da- mascus until the list was turned over and the Red Cross allowed to inspect the POWs in Syria. Suez Fullback Kissinger Offers To Share Oil with Allies WASHINGTON tary of State Kissinger offered Monday to share American oil in emergencies with allies and called for unity of action to head off another great depres- sion in a world vulnerable to the Arab embargo. Kissinger attacked go-it-alone tendencies of European coun- Libya Nationalizes Oil Companies BEIRUT (UPI) Libya an- nounced Monday it is com- pletely nationalizing three American oil companies in "a severe blow to American in- terests in Ihe Arab Tripoli radio said. especially France, which are far more dependent on Arab oil than the U. S. "These global dilemmas can- British Coal Miners Gain Key Backing LONDON (AP) A key union pledged support Monday for striking British miners in their bid to keep coal slocks from Ihe nation's power stations. As the nationwide coal.strike kept the miners from the pits for their first working day, the general and municipal workers' jnion instructed its members at the power plants not to handle stocks of coal arriving at the plants. The union, .-Britain's third largest, also said thai no fuel oil should be handled after existing stocks are exhausted. Similar instructions already had been issued by the Trans- Jerusalem has refused to dis-port and General. Workers' union and the union of railway engineers. Some Violence The coal strike against Prime Minister Edward Heath's anti- The Golan shelling came as inflation ceiling on wage raises Israeli forces on the Suez front started at midnight Saturday. far to the south were to com- plete their withdrawal from an- other 200 square miles west of the Suez Canal, carrying out the Israeli-Egyptian disengagement accord engineered by U. S. Sec- retary of State Kissinger. The Israeli command said it would relinquish a stretch of land extending from Jebel Gen- eifa on the Great Bitter lake to three miles south of the Fayid Air Base at the northern tip of the lake. "A spokesman said when this withdrawal was completed, Israel would have returned about three-fourths of the terri- tory it took on the west side of the canal during Ihe October war. But the miners have not been working overtime and Sundays for three months, so Monday was their first working day away from the job. Several incidents were report- ed Sunday. Police had to clear a way for safety maintenance workers through 30 jeering miners at a colliery in Gedling, Nottinghamshire. Three trucks were overturned when their drivers arrived at a mine in south Wales. Welfare Position Meanwhile, Heath's Conserva- tive party, in its first campaign manifesto for the general elec- tion Heath has called Feb. 2R, (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Border Battle Flares On Iran-Iraq Frontier TEHRAN (UPI) Iran Mon- day put its casualties at 41 sol- diers dead and 81 wounded, raising the total number of known casualties on both sides lo 145 in Sunday's artillery, tank and infantry battle with Iraq. Iraq had earlier reported 23 men killed or wounded in the border clash, Ihe most serious que said repeated Iraqi forays into Iran in the past few months had "created problems for not be avoided through exclu- sive bilateral Kissinger said. End Scramble Energy chief William Simon urged the conference to end the scramble for oil and make a "basic commitment to share" existing supplies. As an example of what could be accomplished through coop- eration, Simon said. "We are rapidly reaching the stage where we could be mass produc- ing floating nuclear power plants." According to Simon, the power plants could be produced in quantity and floated to loca- tions around the world to pro- duce power rapidly where need- ed. Simon also called for es- tablishment of a worldwide "en- ergy data bank" to allow na- tions to coordinate energy poli- cies. Addressing more than 100 del- egates from 13 countries which consume 85 percent of the world's petroleum, Kissinger outlined a seven-point program for meeting the current energy crisis. Kissinger called on the coun- tries represented at the confer- ence to join the.U. S. in conserv- ing fuel to reduce pressures on world supply. He also suggested that efforts be made to develop alternate sources of energy .and called for emergency energy sharing by the oil consuming nations. "The United States declares its willingness to share avail- able energy in times of emer- gency or prolonged'; Kissinger said. "We: prepared to allocate an agreed portion of our total petroleum supply provided other consum- ing countries with indigenous production do likewise." Kissinger's seven-point pro- gram also included proposals for international financial coop- eration, increased research and development on energy matters and immediate consultation and collaboration with the develop- ing nations, whose needs he said are particularly urgent. However, Kissinger said the ultimate goal must be to create a cooperative framework in which oil producers and oil con- sumers will accommodate their differences and reconcile their needs and aspirations. "It seems clear the enlight- ened self-interest of consumers and producers need not and should not be in Kis- singer said. If Arab states set' prices too high, he said, the world will de- velop other sources of energy leaving the Mid-Eastern states with no market. The producing nations must be given a secure stake in an expanding world economy and the consuming nations a secure source of supply, Kissinger said. Call Another Kissinger said the U.S. be- lieves that another conference of consumers should be called at the foreign ministers level which would include represen- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) The battle in the Mehran re- gion was the second there in as many weeks. Iran accused Iraqi Iroops of opening fire there Feb. 3 and 4, killing one of its sol- diers and wounding several. Following Ihe previous of a scries of skirmishes be-j clashes, the foreign ministry tween Ihc two Moslem oil coun- filed a protest with Iraq against tries. An Iranian general staff com- munique said the fighting began in the afternoon when Iraqi tanks and infantry, with heavy artillery support, attacked the Mehran border outpost, about 100 miles east of Bagdad, and Itewi Abaci village nearby. "Iranian defense repulsed these attacks and forced the aggressors buck lo Iraqi territo- the communique said, mi- ding that Ihc Iraqis left behind 14 killed, several wounded and arms and nmmunillon. The general staff cnmimml- what it called Iraqi aggression and warned thai the conse- quences of continued action would be severe. The two coun- tries resumed diplomatic rela- tions after an earlier round of border fighting only last Oc- tober. During last October's Arab- Israeli war, Iraq announced the restoration of relations with Iran, lo devote Us attention to Ihe conflict with Israel, political sources said. The Iraqi ambassador, Mcd- Inil Ibrahim Jomaa, arrived in Tehran only last week. Banks Lower Prime Rate; 9% Seen Soon NEW YORK (AP) A new prime lending rate of per- :ent spread through the banking industry Monday amid predic- tions that the key interest rate would fall to 9 percent soon. New York's Chase Manhattan bank and Manufacturers Han- over Trust, the country's third and fourth largest commercial banks, dropped their price from i percent Monday, as did sev- eral other major hanks. The move followed similar an- nouncements last week by the nation's two largest banks, Bank of America and New York's First National City, and others. Analysts say that nhcrUcrm rotes, which banks pay to obtain their funds, have fallen drama- tically, portending another drop in Ihe prime percent soon. Wlreohoto EVEN OR ODD Robert Grant attaches this poster to a pump in his gasoline station in Brain- tree as Massachusetts started the alternate-day gasoline sales plan. Grant said he plans, for the present, to limit sales to in order to take care of his regular customers and plans to watch the odd and even number plates closely. Ray Eyes Recovery of Fuel Loss DES MOINES Gov. ftpbert Ray said Monday'r thai IbWa'Tiiay b'e'losing up to 2 per- cent of its February fuel alloca- tion, but the state may gain it back later. The governor said when farm- rs begin to plant their crops this spring, Iowa could receive an increased allocation of fuel, Because agriculture is high on the fuel priority list. "This might require some places to sacrifice around the Ray said. Diverted Iowa and some other Midwest Linn Retail Gas Official Predicts Rationing Soon Cedar Rapids The president of the Linn County Retail Gasoline Dealers Assn. predicted Monday that Iowa will adopt a system of gas- oline rationing soon. AI Dalziel said Saturday's an- nounced allocation cut of two to three percent for Iowa will force some sort of rationing plan sim- ilar to those adopted in other states. Some states have devised a system where drivers of cars with even-numbered license plates are allowed fuel one day, with other drivers getting fuel the next. "Lot of Merit" "This stops panic said Dalziel, "and has a great psychological effect on con- sumption. I think it has a lot of merit." While there has been no panic buying or long lines of cars wanting gas in Iowa, Dalziel said the three percent reduction in gas supplies will only make 'a critical supnly situation [hree percent more critical. "There is barely enough to go around right he said of demand in the Cedar Rapids area. "Three percent mny not sound like much, but it could he vere." Kffccl of Cut said the effect of the additional cut in gasoline alloca- tion to lown will depend on how a station manages its supply urn! how the public responds if driving will be reduced. So far, Dalziel said, there re- ally hasn't been a pronounced reduction of driving in Ihe (Continued: Pago 3, Col. 5.) states are losing up to 2 percent of their so that the fuel may be diverted to easlern areas where shortages are acute. Iowa Commerce Commission (ICC) officials said Monday the 2 percent reduction for Iowa would amount to about 2 million gallons of fuel. Ray said he thought that Iowa might be losing fuel because lowans were more careful in saving fuel. But he said ICC Chairman Maurice Van Nostrand spoke to Washington officials who do not think that is the case. Ray said Washington of- ficials think that Iowa may not be having as severe fuel problem because the state has not grown as fast in the past few years, and some oil com- panies may be bringing a higher percentage of fuel into Iowa. Ray said he thoughl the cut- back was only for February. The federal energy office an- nounced Saturday that Iowa was one of 10 stales which was lo have its allocation reduced. .Officials _at .the district energy office in Kansas Mo.-, said the cutback should have lillle or no effect on Iowa's farmers, but said private drivers might feel a pinch. No Problems Samuel Tuthill, one of Ray's stale energy advisers, said a 2 percent reduction in gasoline supplies should not cause Iowa motorists any serious problems. Tuthill 'said that in 1972, mo- iorists used about 1.6 billion ;allons and farmers used about 76.6 million gallons. Federal'energy chief William Simon has asked refiners with adequate distillate and residual fuel supplies to increase their gasoline production to alleviate some of the shortages. Simon, in a statement Sunday, said some refiners already have shifted to more gasoline produc- tion. Warm weather plus energy conservation practices by the public have been the main rea- sons tor in distillat stocks, said Simon. Distillates include home hea ing oil and diesel fuel. Residua fuel oil is used in power plants ships and some building hea ing. Meanwhile, five slates 'Mon day joined the growing numbe of areas across the nation im plementing a voluntary stag jered day gasoline servicing arogram. Starting the so-callec Dregon plan Monday are New Jersey, the District of Colum bia, Washington state, New York and Massachusetts. Mary- and was to begin the plan Tues- day. Although much of the con- sumer focus is on energy prob- ems, congress has not been able to come up with any quick relief measures. The so-called "emergency1 jill was first introduced by sen- ale interior Chairman Henry Jackson (D-Wash.) on Oct. 18 jut still was awaiting final leg- slative action when congresi adjourned last week for the tra- ditional Lincoln day recess. Culver Releases Energy Proposal Aimed at Breaking Up Monopolies WASHINGTON, D.C. Iowa Congressman John Culver Mon- day unveiled a five-point energy program aimed at breaking up monopoly domination of the na- tion's oil industry. Culver called for immediate congressional action on energy information, industry competi- tion, equal sharing of burdens, conservation and expansion of energy resources and interna- tional cooperation in the area of energy. Crisis Conlition As part of his program, Culver called for the creation of a bipartisan working coalition on the energy crisis, a move Culver said "would help avoid needless duplication and delay and would allow congress lo de- velop an overall energy pro- gram." Culver's program takes issue with the administration's energy policy in several key respects, putting emphasis on disman- tling of government policies that, In his words, "hnvc led lo monopoly domination of Ihe in- dustry hy 20 miijor oil compa- nies." The Iowa Democrat said he wants to roll back energy prices in the short run and promote competition in Ihe industry, and then remove controls to pro- mole a free market situation. Learn from Past "If we have learned anything from the last years it is that controls that have been used have bred scarcities, high prices and the unequal sharing jot burdens." Culver said he opposed two specific points in the adminis- tration's energy program. Their 'windfall profits tax' proposal would have the effect of fixing oil prices permanently at double their recent level, and the President's 'Project In- dependence 1980' (designed to Chncklc The government says we're not In a recession, so I h i s must be Ihc worst boom in history. coovrmtit make this country self-sutficienl in energy within the next six years) is unrealistic given the interdependence of the world economy. I endorse Secretary of State Kissinger's initiatives in promoting a conference of nil the world's major oil-consuming R n d oil-producing Culver said. Other Proposals Other points in the program Culver presented to the house leadership include: Small business loans to in- dependent dealers who want to establish cooperative refineries. Federal assistance to commu- nities that want to acquire and then operate defunct railroad lines. Federal grants and loans In individuals and businesses mcst seriously hurt hy the energy crisis. "These new forms of assis- tance would be financed hy major alterations in the tax sub- sidies now enjoyed hy the giant energy Culver said. Efforts by Holdouts Fall Short iy Associated Press The often-violent strike by ozens of groups of disorganized ndependent truck drivers ap- eared all but over Monday. There were several thousand oldouts who continued to insist hey would not climb back in leir rigs until diesel fuel prices re rolled back. But their umbers did not appear to be early enough to cause the eco- omic hardships which resulted a quick settlement proposal asl Thursday. In Chicago, large numbers of rucks were unloading produce t the South Water Street mark- "We are quite busy down icre and at least 18 trucks are iresently said one >roduce merchant. "Today is very different from last Mon- day when only four trucks were unloading." A state trooper in Peoria, 111., eported that "the trucks are eally rolling. It's way up, it eems to be heavier than sual." Key federal officials said it ooked to them like the strike vas over. Truck traffic climbed to near prestrike levels Sunday and :arly Monday, and violence was down sharply. Hit hy Bullets.. However, police in Beaumont, said a driver was. Show- ered with glass early Monday when a bullet slammed through the window of his moving truck. State police in Kentucky Said four trucks were hit by bullets Sunday night, causing minor damage. At least of the persons laid off at the height of :he 11-day shutdown were due jack on the job Monday as many big rigs headed for mar- ;ets loaded with meat, produce and industrial parts. There was little doubt that the strike's effects would linger. Spot shortages of some foods vere certain to keep meat and produce prices at high levels mtil supplies can be replen- shed. Another certain effect is the ;ix percent surcharge indepen- lent drivers will now be getting or their cargoes. Those in- creases will eventually be licked up by consumers. Guaranteed Supplies Most of the major organiza- ions involved in the strike that von guaranteed supplies of die- :el fuel and higher freight rales or the independent drivers irged their men to be back on he job Monday. Reports received Sunday from ieveral areas where the strike had its biggest effects indicated many of them were already here. With violence sharply down, he Pennsylvania national guard vas withdrawing its patrols Sunday night. There was to he end to guard patrols on high- vays in the state which suffered vhat appeared to be the worst 'iolence during the strike, al- hough a guard con- (Continucd: Page 3, Col. 3.) Today's Index Comics .....................19 Courthouse ..................3 Crossword ..................19 Daily Record ................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Farm ......................1.1 Financial Marion .....................11 Movies .....................12 .Society Sports ...................15-18 State Television ..................10 Waul Ads ................21-25
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