Cedar Rapids Gazette, February 6, 1974, Page 77

Cedar Rapids Gazette

February 06, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 6, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 40 The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Wed.. Feb. 6. 1874 Soybean Price Was Salvation of 'Sippi Farmers By F. Richard Clccone Associated Press Writer If Mississippi river fanners from Illinois (o the Gulf of Mexico had anything to be thankful for after the monumental flood of 1973 il was the price of soybeans. Although farm officials say that perhaps a quarter- million river bottom acres never were planted after the Mississippi drenched farm- lands in seven states, there were good crops, harvests and incomes in most areas. "The salvation was the price of says Wayne Mitchell, an Agricul- tural Soil Conservation Ser- vice official in southeastern Missouri's rich Bootheel country. "I don't know what we'd have dene without those prices. Even though yields were lower than usual because of the late planting, the Income was higher." Mitchell says. The 1973 Mississippi river flood was one of the worst ever. The river which drains 41 percent of the contiguous 48 states was in flood for nearly three months from St. Louis to theGulf. At St. Louis, its crest surpassed the his- toric 1844 flood. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers counted damages of more than billion. From Quincy, 111., to Morgan City, La..1 50.000 persons were driven fro in their homes. Predictions Last June, predictions of agricultural losses ranged as high as 1100 million In Mis- sissippi, amid generally gloomy predictions. (Jeorse Mullendore of the Mississippi state cooperative extension service said, "There was a real fine soybean crop. Overall, our farm income was up million." last April, Melvln Kvans of Taylor, Mo., a small com- munity just above Hannibal, had to use a motorboal to survey his 560 acre farm. All but 10 acres were covered by the Mississippi, which had burst through the Fabius levee one of 35 private levees the river shut- Show Champions An Eastern lowan, Dick Frye of Independence, showed the grand champion gilt, above, at the Iowa Chester White Classic tested show and sale in Cedar Rapids Tuesday. The gilt sold for Dennis Janssen, 19, exhibited the grand champion boar, pictured at right, which sold for Frye also had the top indexing boar, which sold for (erect from Hannibal to St. Umis. In May. Kvans predicted, "We'll have have a miracle to get any crops planted this year. Miracle His son, Melvin Kvans, jr., who works the farm with his father, .said this winter: "We got a little bit of a miracle. We got in 150 acres io soybeans but it was late and the yield was about to 25 bushels an acre." His father had predicted the loss in farm income al hit il right on the said the younger Kvans. "We're in real good shape now and we're hoping for a good year. Hut we might do it over two or three years." In, the entire length of the Mississippi. only one federally built levee failed during (he 1973 onslaught of Hie Mississippi. That was at Kaskaskia, III., an island. It was covered by 18 feet of water when the flooded river buffeted by unusually strong winds cracked a levee and rolled over (lie acres of rich farmland. Houses Destroyed Nearly all the 100 houses nn the island were destroyed or heavily damaged. All the families were evacuated by April 27 when the levee burst and few have returned. Many still are living in mobile homes or housing in the area of Ste. Genevieve, Mo. Some have already bought homes off the island. Budd Grogg, 60, who lived all his life on Kaskaskia, has bought a home in St. Mary's, the tiny community linking Kaskaskia with Mis- souri. "I'm not going back to Grogg said. "Not until we get a bigger levee. I- think a man would be foolish By Don Kendall WASHINGTON item in the Nixon budget for the agriculture department shows that government farm economists think prices of some commodities are due for substantial declines because of large harvests in 1974. For the year beginning July 1, the budget called for sales to foreign countries under Title I of the Food for Peace program of 739.3 million worth o f commodities, including wheat, corn and rice. Quantity Increases That is less than the 765.8 million for the year ending June 30. But the projected budget, while down in value, shows quantity increases for some key items, meaning that C-0-M-I-N-G FARM AUCTIONS A. Previously Advertised In The Gazette Farm Pagei Thursday, Feb. 7: Close out sale, a.m.. mach.. Delhmann Brothers, i mi. Not Clarence. Friday, Feb. 8: Auction, 11 am., moch., pickup, hh. goods, antiques, Anthony Funke, mi. SE of Ryan. Close out sale, 17, mach., misc., Russell Kray, 2 mi. 5 ol Newholl. Auction, P.m., moch., antiques, Cedt Cronbaugh, mi. NW ol Aflorengo. Auction, Holsteins, mach., bldg., hh. goods, Lowell Sauer, 4 mi. N ol Troy Mills. Close out sale, a.m., dairy cattlo, mach., misc., Leo Dertllng estate, 3 mi. SW ot Anamoso. Saturday, Feb. 9: Sate, 11 a.m.. live- stock, moch., hay, Robert Turner, 2 mi. N of Rochester. Sole, I p.m., bred gilt and boors, Morland Farms, 5 mi. S of Fayette. Close out sale, II :30 o.m., moch., Holsteins, Joe Slrnka and Mrs. L. T. White, 5V. ml. SW ot Monlicello. Sole, p.m., livestock, B. L. Ander- son and Jerry Meode, Walker sole born. Wednesday, Feb. 13: Close out sale, II a.m., Angus, mach., Jim McNomara, 7 mi. E of Ouosquclon. Friday and Saturday, Fob. 15 and u: Show and sale, 66 hulls, 22 heifers, Hawkeve Polled Hereford Assn., Hawkeyc Downs, Cedar Rapids. .Friday, Feb. 11: Close out sdle, 1 a.m.. moch., livestock, Dayld Klrchor, 5 ml. SW ol Troy Mills. Saturday, Feb. 23: Close out sale, l p.m., mdch., livestock, misc., Merle Mills, A 'ft ml. NW ol Center Point. the unit prices are expected to be down. For example: Wheat ship- ments under Title I in 1973-74 arc expected to be 37.2 million bushels at a value of 167.3 million, according to the bud- get. That computes at about per bushel. Looking to 1974-75, the re- p o r t estimated shipments under Title provides for long term credit arrange- ments for recipient coun- be 46.4 million bushels at a total value of million. That figures to be about per bushel. Not Absolute Those are not absolute es- timates by any on the surface it does show how relative prices may change as U.S. farmers move into larger harvest this year. For corn, the current year's budget showed 9.8 million bushels valued at mil- lion, an average of about per bushel. Next season those sales were projected al 37 million bushels worth million or about per bushel. Rice showed the largest rel- ative tumble, based on the budget calculations. Current- ly, Title I shipments are put at 13.7 million hundredweight of milled rice not the rough grain farmers sull worth million or about per pounds. I n 1974-75, the budget showed, rice shipments will be 22 million hundredweight val- ued at million or about per hundredweight. photos by Al Swegle Import of Soviets KANSAS CITY Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz said here Tuesday it was economically impossible for wheat sold in the Russian wheat deal to be imported back into the United Stales since import quotas have been lifted. Butz also said it is "impos- sible" that flour made from Russian wheat might also be imported into the country. Taxpayers Saved The secretary said the Rus- sians have been cooperative in recognizing this country's light supply of wheat. The Russians have delayed until July and August delivery of about 78 million bushels of wheat owed under the 1972 deal. In his prepared remarks, at the sixth annual meeting of Far-Mar-Co., Inc., Butz said taxpayers have saved millions from reduced farm payments because of a new farm pro- gram philosophy. The new philosophy, lie said, resulted from Ihc in- creased exports of U.S. agri- cultural goods. Purchased by Impossible, Says Butz "Overseas markets could never have been satisfied under rigid, restrictive pro- grams that held down produc- tion." Butz said. New Philosophy "This administration, work- ing with congress, has ham- mered out a new philosophy of farm programs that is keyed lo the pull of the market- place." This new program's direc- tion, he said, is reducing the cost of farm programs drama- tically, and is good news for taxpayers. Fiscal 1973 direct govcrn- met payments to farmers to- taled 3.9 billion, said, but fell to billion for fiscal 1974. They will continue to drop to million in Ihc next fiscal year. The bulk of the reduction, said, came in major commodity cotton and feed payments dropped from S3.5 billion in fiscal to billion this year and should drop to million in 1975. Net Climbed "At the same time, net farm income climbed steadily as farmers look more profits from the marketplace and less from the federal treasury. Butz said. Net farm income rose from billion in cal- endar 1971 to billion in 1973. Butz said the turnaround in farm program philosophy has also resulted in reduced costs of storage and handling of commodities owned by the Commodity Credit Corpora- lion because farmers have been encouraged, to retain ownership and .store their own commodities. Coop Increases Net coltime of cooperative business unadjusted for changes in the price level increased from billion in to billion in 19IJ9-70. IOWA CITY OFFICE Is Located At 222 E. Prentiss To order your low cost want ad or subscribe to Eastern Iowa's family newspaper DIAL 338-8731 Man. thru Sat. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Dave Ackorman, District Mgr. You OH On All 20% Unfinished Furniture (In-Stock) Ends Sat. Fab. 9 JCtongeti PAINT and WALLPAPER 1900" YOUR COMPLETE DECORATING CENTER FREE 333 5th SE to go back there until we get belter protection." But 15 families already have moved back. taking them a long time get- ling back to normal. Most of the folks still are living in trailers or building homes somewhere." Reminders On the island, reminders of I lie flood waters which remained four feet deep in some places until mill-June are plentiful. The two-story schoolhonse has been con- demned. Sheds and metal grain bins were ripped open and many houses are lilted where lower walls and foun- dations collapsed. And the farmlands? "There's more wheat than I've seen In my lifetime on the (irogg said. "There were lots of beans and corn planted although the yields weren't as good as some years." Throughout Illinois, where a million of Hie -state's 22 million farm acres were sub- merged by flood waters, the corn and soybean yields per acre were down from record years but increased acreage provided a record crop in beans. Illinois, the nation's leading agricultural export- ing stale, also is the lop producer of soybeans. Acreage Climbed Jim Kendall of the Illinois department of agriculture said soybean acreage climbed 22 percent last year for a record harvest of bushels. That wheat crop yield dropped from 45 bushels an acre in 1972 to 30 bushels but Kendall blamed thai on the prolonged rains rather than the flooding. Throughout the floodlands, however, there was a grateful sigh last summer for hot dry weather and the richness of the land. Mitchell said of the south- eastern Missouri farms, "The land came back unbelievably. When I stood out on those levees in July I couldn't believe I was seeing fields of beans. In May, it was a lake." Helped Those farmers who lost land to the flood were helped by the Emergency Conserva- tion Measures program which pays SO iM'rcent of the cost of reclaiming land up to u limit. Mitchell es- timated that most of the land could bo reclaimed for about an acre. If most farmers seemed (o recover from (he record Hood, the same could be said for the many families of tiny river communities who were chased from (heir homes. The Federal Disaster As- sistance Agency reported thai 80 percent of approximately families given tem- porary housing in Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Mississip- pi and Louisiana have found new homes. Thomas Dunne, head of the FUAA, said, the great number of states and I he number of acres that went under water, I think the people lucked nut, especially in housing, which is the most einolional thing." Hardest Hit Most of (he mobile homo parks sel up by the Depart- ment of Mousing and Urban Transportation arc centered in sections hardest hit by the floods. In Hannibal. Mo., where the Mississippi climbed four feel in the lobby of the Mark Twain hotel and threatened the boyhood home of Mark Twain, 45 persons remained in temporary housing. Mrs. Mary Iloskinson had lived on South Main street and lost everything in the flood. "We still haven't been able to she said. "We haven't found a place. We lost everything, furniture, all the kids' stuff. We got a loan from (he Small Business Ad- ministration, but we can't begin replacing stuff until we find a place (o live." Miller Burkelt, mayor of the pocket-sized hamlet of Winficld, Mo., north of St. Louis, says most of (he flood victims have returned to their homes. Burkelt, whoso home was also flooded, doubts as many people will bo hurt if there are floods this year. Doubts Burkelt doubts that so many people would lose belongings-if (he Mississippi flooded this year. "I don't think we'll have everybody out on the levee this time. They'll be looking out for themselves. Then again, you don't know. We're keeping an eye UN the weather and river hut we're not too excited he said. "I figure It look 100 years [or II to gf t Ihst bad, U might take another 100 years before It does U he said. The Mississippi River Commission headquartered at Vicksbnrg, Miss., is not quid- so optimistic. Maj. (irn. Charles Noble, district en- gineer, says he is "very uneasy about the present si- tuation." The Ohio river has filled Us banks al Cairo, III., where the Ohio joins the Mississippi. Al Vioksburg, Hie river was close lo 50 feel far above normal and far above its level al Ihis time last year. Fingers Crossed Ken Long of the Corps office in St. Louis, which is respon- sible for (he Mississippi from just above St. Louis down lo Cairo, is crossing his fingers for cold weather because a sudden thaw could hurt. In all, the flood of 1973 cost the Corps of Engineers Si 70 million lo repair levees and restore navigation areas on the river. Looking to the spring melt of (his year, Long said, "I jiisl can't say about this year. If you asked me lo tell whaL'lnal river will do over a 100-year period, I can. Bui I can'I tell you about this year." Six Winneshiek Cows Top 700 Pounds Fat DECOHAH Wayne Lei- dahl of Waukon, hud the' high- est Dairy Herd Improvement Association production record for the Icsting period ending in December with a grade H o 1 s't o in producing pounds of milk and 791 pounds of butterfal, according. to DHIA supervisors, Dunne EH- gclhart and Oscar Lembkq. 0 I h e r dairymen having cows producing more pounds of buttcrfat included: Lyle Westby of Deeorah, 772; Albin Massman of Ossian, Erbic Steffens of. Do- corah, 707; Ernlo" Hoistein Farm of Ossian, 707; and Quass Brothers of Ossian, 706 pounds of butterfat. TRACTOR TIRES in sets or two Your Choice of either DUAL RIB or TRI RIB Front Tractor Tires. Dual Rib for positive steering. Grips firmly to prevent side slippage. Nylon cord with Agri-Tred built tough to resist severe farm use. Tri Rib with three rib wide spacing stabilizes steerin control. Smooth sidewa reduces sidewal! snags and abrasions. High center rib makes steering easier in turns and protects against side slippage. CO-OP's team of Nylon and Agri- Tred make this one a farm Front Tractor Tires Dual Rib or Tri Rib Regular Trade-in Price Slle 550x16 600x16 7.5Lxl5 Sale Price 16.88 31.88 19.05 21.25 40.10 Tri Rib Only 750x18 111x15 14Lx16.1 38.05 72.95 115.01 52.08 82.18 LINN CO-OP OIL CO. 335 35th St., Marion, 377-7351 [COOP] NOW OPEN THURSDAY EVENINGS 'TIL 9 P.M. ;