Cedar Rapids Gazette, February 2, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

February 02, 1974

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Issue date: Saturday, February 2, 1974

Pages available: 24

Previous edition: Friday, February 1, 1974

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Publication name: Cedar Rapids Gazette

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 2, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weath er- A little warmer to- night, lows around 20. Warmer Sunday, blebs In mid 30s. VOI.UMK92-NUMBKR24" CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAK KAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Mansfield Spurns Short Cut Prob WASHINGTON (AP) In Hie official Democratic response to President Nixon, Sen. Mike Mansfield of Montana lias re- jected Nixon's call for a fast windup (o Watergate investiga- tions. He told the nation Friday night that the senate Watergate committee may have to stay in business past its Feb. 28 dead- line to avoid jeopardizing Wa- tergate trials and added that the work of Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski must continue "for however long may be neces- sary." it be months or years, there are no judicial short the senate Demo- cratic leader said as he rejected Nixon's contention in his State of (he Union speech that "one year of Watergate is enough." However, Mansfield said he doesn't think either Watergate or the threat of impeachment have crippled Nixon's ability to govern. Answers Questions In contrast to Nixon's Wednesday night speech, deliv- ered with full pomp and cere- mony to a joint session of congress and a packed gallery in the house chamber, Mans- field, spoke seated at his desk in his Capitol office. When he finished his 30- minute prepared remarks, he answered 42 questions in 20 min- utes from reporters. Unlike Nixon, Mansfield made a major point of the need for Many Retail Items Freed Of Contro WASHINGTON (AP) Stores that handle about 25 percent of the country's retail sales have been freed of price and wage controls but officials said they foresee no sharp price boosts. Among those not affected are retail food stores, and Director John T. Dunlop of the Cost of Living Council indicated that controls in that area are not likely to be lifted soon. "Certain food prices, are ex- pected to rise increasingly in the months he told a news conference, adding that retailers' profit margins may not be to blame. Stores removed from Phase 4 controls are those handling hardware, building materials, garden supnlies. general mer- chandise, boats, recreationa and utility trailers, apparel anc accessories, furniture and home furnishings, and food and drink- sold by establishments doing less than million in sales yearly. Only chain restaurants do more than that. Still Controlled In addition to food stores, con- trols remain in effect over retail stores of petroleum and its products, motor vehicles, parts and equipment, and large eat- ing and drinking establish- ments. "I do not think it will make any appreciable difference" in retail Dunlop said. "I don't honestly expect them to be any different than they other- wise would have been." The action does not affect wholesale prices, which have been rising about twice as fast as retail levels, and it does not (Continued: Page 2. Col. 2.) Today's Index Clmrcli ......................3 Comics ......................9 Courthouse ..................1 Crossword ...................9 Daily Record .................1 Deaths ......................3 Edltoriiil Features.......... Financial ..................10 Marlon 10 Movies ......................li Sports Television ...................5 Want Ails ;...............11-13 election reform, urging the President to join the Democrats in cleaning up "the campaign fi- nancing mess." He said: "We shall not finally come to grips with the problem except as we are prepared to pay for the public business oi elections with public funds." Rationing View Where Nixon vowed "to do ev- erything we can to avoid gaso- line Mansfield sak he thinks rationing is necessary. "Do you like standing in line to buy 52 worth of he asked. "Do you like paying 50 to 55 cents a gallon for He indicated he doesn't share Nixon's view that a recession will be avoided in 1974 as he warned of the need "to make certain that the energy shortage does not devastate the econ- omy. Declaring the Democratic- controlled congress will push programs that will not only pro duce "a decent present" bul "reach for a decent Mansfield listed tax and pension reform, health insurance and a minimum wage hike as majoi goals. Budget Cuts He called for cuts in Nixon's budget, particularly in defense and said next November's con- gressional elections will "tes the record of the past two years." Mansfield listed congressional achievements of the.last year including action to bar bombing of Cambodia, limit presidentia war powers and raise social se- curity benefits, and gave his 1974 agenda. Then he plungec into Watergate and what he called "the related questions ol impeachment and resignation." He said Nixon's vow to serve out his term "closes the matter of resignation'' but said congress has had to shoulder its "inescapable responsibilities" on Watergate and impeachmenl "in order to cleanse the political processes of the nation." In what amounted to a pledge to conclude both house and sen- ate action before the end of 1974, Mansfield said he antici- pates that impeachment "will be dealt with fully in this ses- sion." For TV Coverage During the question period, he said the senate is "watching with great interest what hap- pens in the house" but has done lothuig so far to prepare for the :rial that would follow if [he wuse impeaches Nixon. Mansfield said he favors tele- vision coverage of both house and senate impeachment pro- ceedings. "What Watergate did to pub- lic confidence with regard to the nation's he said, "the energy crisis has done in the realm of the nation's economy." He said he Ihinks Nixon has the authority to order rationing without the authority in the en- ergy bill rejected last week by the senate and said he thinks a price rollback rather than sxcess profits legislation, may be the best way to deal with soaring prices. Trucker Shutdown Continues Spread ROSE MARY WOODS, President Nixon's personal secretary, is escorted away by her attorney, Chnrles Rhyne, after lengthy questioning before a federal grand jury on the Watergate tape erasure controversy. "Set Her Up For Lawyer Says WASHINGTON (UPI) The lawyer for President Nixon's personal secretary, Rose Mary Woods, charged Friday that Nixon's Watergate lawyers set her up to take the blame for erasure of one of the Watergate tapes. Charles Rhyne talked to re- porters Friday as his client gave day-long testimony before a federal grand jury investigat- ing the tape ex- perts have said was of minutes of a key Water- gale tape. Rhyne also said the experts appointed to study the tapes had already prejudged the fact that they were deliberately erased. "They didn't look for anything else except this prejudgment al- ready arrived Rhyne said. "They were given the job to prove it was her and they went out to do it... "Nobody has ever been set up any more, and then they turned the experts loose to prove it." Miss Woods, after she emerged from testifying, said _ she told the grand jurors, 'Tdjicer Deaths in Fire Rise to 177 SAO PAULO, Brazil (AP) People trapped above the fire A short circuit in an air condi- ladders tried to lower them- come back a thousand times if they want me to." "I have only one story to tell and I've told it a dozen times I've told only the truth all the ivay through and I will repeat it to everybody in the she tioning system triggered a blaze in a 25-story bank .building thai claimed 177 lives, officials say.. The system' was being in- stalled on the 12th floor when the fire broke out early Friday. Flames spread quickly, feeding on flammable plastic materials used for construction. The office building was completed only last year. Flames and smoke from the two-hour fire forced about a (Photos on Picture Page.) dozen occupants to leap to their death. More ihan 100 persons were injured. About employes work in the building but bank officials said only 400 to 500 .had arrived at their jobs when the fire broke out. More Victims Early Saturday, the morgue announced that 177 bodies had been brought from the building. Fire officials said more victims were believed still in the charred structure. Thirty-four were found dead a single bathroom. A volun- rescue workEr said ne selves on sheets. One fell to a ladder, knocking two firemen off. All three were killed. Helicopters were prevented from landing on the roof be- cause of the heat and smoke. But after the flames and smoke died down, a Brazilian air force helicopter plucked more than 80 survivors from the roof in a series of landings. Window Splinters Earlier, people on the waved frantically to five smaller helicopters which were "Everything got worse whei the windows were Rene Contieri, the bank's ac ministrative mana-g'er "They began to explode, the splinters injured many peo pie. "When the first rescue ladde: came up I made the girls go down. Then I descended. While was coming down, I saw other persons throw themselves from up there." Down on the street, people roof tried to persuade those in the building not to jump. Several sheets painted with the words unable to land. Others waited "Danger is past" and for help in open windows "'we held up. Balconies as flames engulfed the building. The bank, one of the largest investment banks in Brazil, rents the first floor and the top 15 floors. A parking garage oc- cupies the floors between. "Very Likely" WASHINGTON (AP) It is 'very likely" that President Nixon travel to Europe sometime in 1974, Press Secre tary Ziegler said Friday. Great Train Robbery Mastermind Captured RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) -iday in London that Biggs, who 'cderal police Saturday con- found eight dead women in an- firmed a report by Scotland other bathroom. Two from the among the dead. U.S. They Less Flu ATLANTA (AP) The na- ,ional Center for Disease Con- rol says there have been scat- Icrcd outbreaks of influenza but he national incidence of the disease is well below last year. William Franz Williams, super- intendent of operations for Banco Crefisul Investmento, and Lindus Marsh, manager of the bank's credit department. A number of officials cri- ticized the new building's safety features and charged fire de- partment resources were inade- quate. The building had no fire escape, and rescue ladders not reach the top 10 floors. Yard that one of Britain's Great Train Robbers had been cap- tured in Brazil. A spokesman said Ronald Biggs was arrested Friday in his hotel room overlooking Co- pacabana beach. Brazil and Britain have no ex- tradition treaty, hut Brazilian authorities have been known to deport foreign criminals ns "undesirable clemenls" even if no crime has been committed on Brazilian territory. A Yard spokesman said Fri- cscapcd from prison in 1965 a year after being sentenced in the ?7-million robbery, had been detained by two Yard detec- tives. The spokesman said they flew to Brazil after a tip from the London Daily Express, which said its reporters had tracked Biggs to the hotel room. Biggs was convicted of mas- terminding the robbery, which became legend because of cunning execution and the world record size of the haul. He was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Stand May Imperil His Post, Scott Told By Carl Leubsdorf WASHINGTON (AP) Sen- ate Republican Leader Hugh Scott is being advised that his leadership position could be jeopardized by his repeated insistence that John Dean lied in contending President Nixon knew of the Watergate cover- up. Some close to the Pennsyl- vania senator acknowledge Hint he has put himself on an extremely shaky limb in slick- Ing to that stance despite a Watergate prosecutor's state- ment thai Dean's testimony has thus far slood up. Scott's statements, which have not been backed by any of his senate 0.0.1'. collea- have drawn skepticism and some private criticism among members of his parly already uneasy because of Watergate. Though aides point out lhat Scott's internal parly position could be strengthened by Nix- on's exoneration in the next few months, they make clear thai they have advised him of the perils of prolonged sup- port of the embattled Pros- idcnl. One possibility Ihey are watching for is a challenge to his leadership post al the sl.-.rt of the next congress next Jan- uary, presumably from Sen. Robert Griffin of Michigan, his ambitious dcpuly. Griffin has pointedly re- frained from expressing much support for the President re- cently and made clear to re- porters Friday that he is happy to lei Scott do tho talk- ing on the Nixon-Dean credi- bility problem. Al the same lime, however, Scott was down al Ihe White House declaring: "I'm not backtracking one single inch." This was one day after As- sislanl Watergate Prosecutor Richard Davis said: "Based on Ihe evidence we have ac- cumulated so far, we have no reason for believing Mr. Dean has committed perjury In any proceeding." Scott's statements Ihe last I wo weeks were bused on transcripts brought to him by While House Chief of Staff Alexander llaig. They report- edly contradicl Dean's claim that Nixon's awareness of the Watergate cover-up is evident in their conversations Sept. 15, 1972; Feb. 28, 1973; and March 13, 1973. If that is so, it would uphold Nixon's contention lhat he first learned of the cover-up March 21, 1973. But presidential tape re- cordings of the Sept. 15, March 13 and March 21 con- versations are among those turned over to the prosecu- tor's office last year. Though the Scolt camp sug- gested Thursday that "we be- lieve there is a tape Jaworski has not covering the Feb. 28 conversation, those fa- miliar wilh Ihe mailer believe Prosecutor Leon Jaworski has (apes of all Nixon-Dean con- versations on Watergate. Scott meanwhile did give some indications he is begin- ning to have second thoughts about his course, even while he was maintaining it. He sounded increasingly testy toward the end of the week. At one stage, when re- porters pursued him for com- ment on Davis' statement, he brushed by and said "I'm not commenting on anything." A day earlier, raising Hie issue lo reporters, he warned he would have a lot lo say "if the rug is pulled out from under." And he added, "I'll he god- damned if I'll be a palsy for anybody." liy Associated Press About 200 armed national guardsmen were stationed along highways in Pennsylvania Sal- irday as a shutdown by in- lependcnt truckers continued to pread, throwing thousands of icrsons temporarily out of uork. Incidents of violence con- inued in several slates as truck raffic slowed in parts of more ban 20 states, stretching down he Eastern seaboard into the south and across the Midwest. The guardsmen on duty in 'ennsylvania were not involved i any incidents during the night, authorities said. More were lo go on active duty later n the day. In New Jersey, normal opera- ions resumed at three major oi -ompany terminals which hac )een forced to halt gasoline de- iveries because of the strike. Trucks Roll Spokesmen for Shell, Chevron and American said fuel truck jegan rolling out of their termi nals early Saturday. The spokes men said there were no pick ets or protesters in sight. The terminals were shut dow at midnight Thursday when th slowdown began. Officials sai they feared violence migh erupt if they tried to drive the: rigs through the picket lines. In Connecticut, independen truckers ended shutdowns four truck stops. Spokesmen at the stops said was unclear if the protesl would resume after the week end. "I think it would be mean ingless over the weekend be cause our operation is curtailei Ihen, maybe cut in half, because of less said one trucl stop employe. Five Shootings The Ohio highway patrol early Saturday reported at least a dozen incidents since midnigh in scattered parts of the state including five shootings. The patrol said a woman driv ing .an industrial catering ser vice van was pulled from her truck and beaten Friday night It said she was rescued when two passing steel haulers stopped their rig.and jumpec out with a shotgun. She was no seriously injured. Pennsylvania G o v Milton Shapp has called for a meeting in Washington with dissidenl truck drivers and federal of- ficials early next week. He asked for the meeting after a marathon session wit? truckers and officials from Ohio and Connecticut. Thousands of drivers were ob- serving the shutdown either be- cause they -agree with the truckers' demand for guaran teed lower prices for diesel fuel or because they were afraid to defy the strike call. The drivers also arc seeking more money for the cargo they haul. Economic Impact The economic impact was being felt, and there were pre- dictions it would be felt even more in a mailer of days. The Armour Food Co. an- nounced it was closing down oi curtailing operations at seven meat packing plants; other packing plants in Iowa, Texas and Missouri closed; General Electric shut down a plant in northeast Ohio; five small trucking firms in Ihrce states closed and two Philadelphia slaughterhouses locked their doors. In all, at least workers were affected, and several major steel mills, a dozen large Appalachian coal mines and n major General Electric plant said they couldn't operate much onger unless Ihe trucks started rolling again. In addition, winter fruit and vegetables were said to be with- ering in Florida farm fields. Michigan trucking officials ;aid a dozen drivers who at- .cmptcd to defy the shutdown call had been beaten up; nu- nerous incidents of roik throw- ig, tire slashing and shootings 'ere reported. "Won't Risk It" Don Wolf, a driver hauling eef to Florida, pulled into a ruck stop at Atlanta and said e "was not going to get on that oad and risk a piece of con- rele through the window just people in Miami can eat teak." Florida Gov. Reubin Askew sked his national guard to ruck gasoline to local fire and olice departments which were unning short. Askew stopped short of ac- ivating the guard, but he told it o check wilh local governments ind get gasoline to those which most needed it. Federal officials irdered emergency supplies of gasoline shipped to stations in he Miami and Jacksonville areas, where they said near panic existed. The exact extent of the shut- down could not be determined, but it appeared to be getting itronger in some areas and 'preading into states such as Texas, Wisconsin and Michigan. In Georgia, state troopers said they had never seen truck traffic so light. In Pennsylvania and Ohio, police in some areas said very few trucks were on the roads. Doubts Nixon Tax Liability In California SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) 'resident Nixon probably would not owe any California income tax even if the state found some of his income taxable, one of his awyers says. Attorney Dean Butler of Los Angeles said any liability would probably be offset by deductions he President can claim. Butler commented after the California franchise tax board Triday exempted most of Nix- >n's income from taxation. It said Nixon and his wife are not California residents for tax mrposes even though they call California their home and are 'domiciled" in the stale. Might Be Liable Martin Huff, the board's exec- utive director, said the Pres- dent still might be liable for axes on income originating in is native state. The state can oiled taxes from a non-resi- ent only on income generated rom California sources, ht said. "If you're a resident, we lax ou on all your Huff old a news conference Friday. If you're a non-resident, then here is a limit to what we can each." Huff declined to speculate on vhether Nixon had- any Califor- ia income or owed any taxes. He said he would determine hat after the congressional oinl committee on internal rev- nue taxation completed Us re- iew of the President's taxes. That is expected to take at least nothcr month. San Clemente Deal One possible source of taxable California income is the rofit Nixon reported earning on 1970 San Clemente land trans- ction. On llie advice of tax lawyers nd accountants, he reported no axable capital gain on tho sale, hat aspect of his returns is ndcr study by the committee. Nixon's California lax status ecame a major issue Dec. B hen the White House revealed n a detailed accounting of his nances that he had pnid no ate or local income taxes nee becoming President. Chuckle Over here they're called coffee breaks. In England hey'rc called absent-lcntem. I ;