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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Cloudy I o nl g h I, chance of light snow. Uw 5 (o 10. Cloudy Friday, o h u n c c ol snow. High 20 25. VOLUME SZ CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CKIMIt RAPIDS, IOWA, TIIUKSIMY. JANUARY 31, 197-1 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES PRESIDENT NIXON is greeted by, from right, Senators Hugh Scott minority leader; Mike Mansfield majority leader, and James Eastland (D-Miss.) after delivering his State of-the Union speech. Nixon: Year of Watergate Enough taxf itxf WASHINGTON (UPI) Pres- ident Nixon declared that "one year of Watergate is enough" in his State the Union address and challenged congress instead to focus- its attention on solving the energy crisis and inflation. He vowed to remain in office. In a hard-hitting 45-minute speech to a joint session of President's 10-point plan on page 27. congress and a broadcast audi- ence of millions of Americans Wednesday night, Nixon drama- tically asserted his intention to WASHINGTON (AP) Secre- tary of State Kissinger said Thursday that lifting of the Arab oil embargo "will be rec- ommended by several oil-pro- ducing countries" at a meeting in Tripoli Feb. 14. He said he is "quite optimis- tic" that the embargo will be lifted. Damascus radio quoted Ku- wait's foreign minister as say- ing his country would not con- sider lifting it unless the U.S. guarantees Israeli withdrawal from all occupied territory. remain in- the presidency de- spite inroads of the scandal on his administration. "I want you to know that I have no intention whatever of walking away from the job that the people elected me to the President said as his Republican supporters loudly applauded in the house chamber. Nixon also pledged io cooper- ate with the house judiciary committee's impeachment in- quiry, but indicated that he may refuse to turn over White House documents and Watergate tape: congress for swift approval ol emergency legislation, including standby authority for gasoline rationing, Io cope with long- range shortages. Predicting that the nation could "break the back of the energy crisis" in 1974, Nixon also vowed to do everything in his power to avoid gasoline ra- tioning. Economy on grounds of executive privi- lege. "There is only one limita- Nixon said. "I will follow the precedent that has been fol- lowed by every President from George Washington to Lyndon Johnson of never doing anything that weakens the office of the President of the United States..." Meeting on Embargo Nixon's address also was highlighted by a surprise an- nouncement that friendly Arab leadejs had agreed to hold an "urgent meeting in the im- mediate future" to discuss lift- ing the embargo against oil shipments to the-U. S. But he said resumption of the Middle East oil flow would only ease the crisis, and pressed Terrorists Blast Oil Tank, Take Hostages SINGAPORE (AP) Four terrorists set fire to a Shell oil tank Thursday, took five hos- tages aboard a ferry, and threalened to kill themselves and the hostages unless they got safe conduct to an Arab state, officials said. Earlier, officials reported one of Ihe terrorists remained on the island where the oil tank was located, but was with Ihe aboard Ihe ferry. later said he three others Today's Index Comics .....................26 Courthouse 3 Crossword Daily Record ................3 Deaths Editorial Features........- C Farm ......................IB Financial..................27 Marion S Movies ......21 Society ............12-15 Snorls ............19-23 Stale Television.................." Wnnl Ads ................29-33 A government spokesman said Singapore had agreed to their demands because no life had been lost and to ensure the safe- ty of the hostages. He said the terrorists wanted a plane to take them to an Arab country and negotiations were under way with the Japanese government for an aircraft. He Three Japanese said the terrorists also demanded the Japanese ambas- sador and his secretary accom- pany (hem as hostages. The spokesman said Ihe government believed three of the terrorists and one was threw a note were Japanese "Arab looking." The terrorists wrapped in plastic from the ferry, describing themselves as members of the Japanese Red army and Popular Front for tin1 Liberation of Palestine. They claimed Ihcy blew up oil tanks 'on an island off Singapore "for solidarity with Vietnamese people and for making a rcvnlnlional situation after considering the situation of today's oil crisis." About 70 of Ihe Japanese Ited army's members arc reported (Continued: Page 3, Col. 2.) He termed energy the "high- est priority" problem facing congress but also dwelt heavily on the "difficult period" the economy is passing through. he. said, could be checked if congress cooperates in holding down government spending. "There will be no re- cession in the U. he prom- ised. Nixon drew one of his biggest cheers of the night when he declared that a lasting peace is Iowa- Illinois Gets Okay To Boost Rates DES MOINES Iowa-Illinois Gas and Electric Co. of Daven- port was granted permission Thursday' by the Iowa com- merce commission to collect in higher gas and electric rates from its custom- ers subject to refund. In a unanimous decision, Ihe three commissioners agreed 'to allow the utility to put the higher rates into effecl March 4, following a one-day suspension of those rates. Earlier this month, the utility filed a revised electric and gas schedule with the commission designed to produce about million of additional annual electric and gas revenue. The commission, in effect, said il was akay for Ihe com- pany to put million of Ihis proposed, increase into effect subject Io refund: however, Ihc commission would nol grant the utility the right to put the full amount of the increase being sought inlo effect subject to re- fund. Tho commission will hold a hearing Io determine whether (ho full million increase is reasonable and justified. i about a.m. The rales were suspended for I The second .report also "the chief legacy I hope to leave from the eight years ol my presidency." Budget for '75 In a separate doc umenl, Nixon outlined 10 majoi legislative goals for this .year and disclosed that Ihe federa budget for fiscal 1975 woult total a record billion. But he said no new tax in- creases would be sought to make an expected billion deficit for the year start ng July 1. The President appeared con- fident, although at times, he read his speech in a perfunctory manner until the last few min utes when he ended his forma' remarks and spoke extempora neously on the "investigations of the so-called Watergate af the moment most of his audience appeared to be wailing for. Hisses Hisses could be heard mixec with the applause when Nixon laid down the conditional terms of his cooperation with the judi- ciary commiltee. That panel's chairman, Rep. Peter Rodino (D-N. said he nterpreted Nixon's offer to co- operate consistent with his pres- dential responsibilities as mean ing cooperation with limitations. Senator Philip Hart (D-Mich.) said Nixon seemed to be saying, I will cooperate with the com- mittee of impeachment the way I've cooperated with other com- (Continued Page 3, Col. 7) No Proof Dean Lied: Prosecutor WASHINGTON (API- An as- sistant special Watergate prose- cutor said in federal court Thursday that there is no basis 'or believing that ousted White House counsel John Dean lied under oath. "We have no basis for believ- ng Dean has committed perjury n any Richard Davis said. "We would have no basis for bringing any charge of per- jury against Mr. Davis added. The prosecutors intend call- ing Dean as a government .wit- ness at the trial of former pres- idential aide Dwight Chapin on charges of lying to a grand jury. First Denial Davis' statement at a hearing on pretrial motions filed by Chapin was the first public statement from the office ol special Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski directly contra- dicting reports from Capita Hill that the White House has evidence that Dean lied to the senate Watergate committee. The former presidential coun sel told the Watergate commit tee he believed President Nixon was aware of the Watergate cover-up prior to March the date Nixon said he firs learned, of it. Senate -Republican Leade Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania said recently he has seen White House transcripts he believe( contained evidence Dean lied. Lawyer-Client? U.S. District Judge Gerhard Gesell scheduled a hearing for Feb. 15 to hear evidence on Chapin's contention that Dean should not be permitted to testi- fy. Chapin contends he consid ered Dean his lawyer when both were working in the White House. Jacob Stein, Chapin's lawyer said, "If the government has evidence Mr. Dean has lied even in matters extraneous to this case we have a right to this information." It was then that Davis sale the government has no such in- formation. Gesell also deniec Chapin's request to transfer the case out of Washington. Gesell said Chapin's. argument he could not get a fair trial be (Continued Page 3, Col. 4) Man, 18. Killed In Hit-and-Run Highway Mishap Cedar Rapids Gene W. Griffin, IB, of 2429 'irst avenue SW, died .early Thursday after being struck by vehicle while valking on highway 30 near West Post road SW. The sheriff's office received a report about a.m. that a 'oung man's body was found on he highway just east of West 'ost road. A second report was received later from a person who said his car and Iwo others had had to swerve to avoid a pedestrian on the north side of highway 30 at a period of one year, unlil March .1, 1975. Iowa laws allows n utility to put an increase into effect under bond subject Io refund 90 days iiflcr filing the rale scheduled with the commis- sion, Maurice Noslrnnd, Howard Hell Fred Moore said they Ihoiighl il was in the "public interest" to (Continued Page 3, Col. 5) dicated that clearance lights of a truck were seen farther to the cast headed west. The sheriff's office asked any- one else who might have infor- mation that would help in the investigation of Ihc accident In contact Ihc office.- Griffin was dead on arrival at a Cedar Rapids hospital. An au- topsy was being uimluctcd Thursday. Services are pending at the Stcinc funeral home, Doconfh, Trucker's Death Tied To Shutdown Violence Impeachment Probe Deadline Rejected WASHINGTON (UPI) The house judiciary committee Thursday rejected an attempt to impose an April 30 deadline to its inquiry into the possible impeachment of President Nix- on. Thi cutoff date was offered as an amendment to a resolution Ihc committee will send to the house next week to get "un- qualified power" to obtain what- ever materials it feels neces- sary. The amendment, offered by Rep. McClory lost by a 23-14 vote, with two of the 16 Republicans joining the 21 Dem-x ocrals Io defeat it in the com- miltce's firsl public session. iy Associated Press Pennsylvania authorities said a truck driver was killed early Thursday after a large rock vas thrown through the wind- shield of his truck. On the edges of Ohio, truckers said they were slaying out of the state in fear of (he violence and vandalism whichjfehas marked a trucker shutdown. Police said the unidentified :rucker was killed when his rig :eft U.S. 22 about 20 miles west of Allcntown, Pa. Authorities said a large rock was found in the cab and Sgt. John Repko said, "It's obvious to me some- )ody threw it." There were re- xirts of rockthrowing and other larassment of drivers in the area prior to (he incident. Four Youngstown, Ohio, food suppliers said their trucks iveren't moving, preventing food deliveries to 450 area gro- cery stores. Steelmakers there also said they were unable to ship by truck. A spokesman for Armco Steel said the firm was closing its ji'.snl at Washington Courl House, south of Columbus, Ohio indefinitely because of a short- age of trucks. The plant em- ploys 565 persons. Blocked Pumps Groups of about 200 truckers blocked service station pumps or parked at truck stops in sev eral states as part of the pro- test movement, and other groups met to decide wha course they would pursue. Militant truckers are protesl ing high fuel prices'arid othe oil and fuel-related issues. There was no clear indication how widespread the shutdown had become Thursday amids confusion over its timing. Some truckers said it was set for mid night Wednesday while other: said it was to begin at midnighi Thursday. But its leaders predicted i would be nationwide ant lengthy, and some trucker am law enforcement spokesmen ex pressed concern that violenci would grow along with it. About 200 truckers blocked service station pumps d parked-in overnight at severa stations along interstate 40 nea Little Rock, Ark. "Until..." Signs op the rigs said: "Shut down No. 2 as long as it takes' and "Jan. 31 until shutdown by independent, non union drivers affected more than 20 states last December. A spokesman said the drivers were members of the Nationa Assn. of Independent Truck Owners and Operators ant would stay at the truck stops 'until we get what we want." Demands included a complet public audit of all oil company holdings, an immediate lid on all petroleum product prices and a rollback to May 15, 1973 iuel prices until the audit was complete. A driver named Bobby Kelly said: "We- can't conlinue like this we're going to lose our he said. "It costs my outfit a week more for me to drive jccause of reduced speed limits and Ihc fuel shortage." A proposed shutdown by ruckers was off to a confused tart in Pennsylvania because f uncertainly over when il iild starl. Trucks Slopped Stale police said about 150 rucks were parked at the Peter 'an truck stop near Kuhnsville n Lehigh county. About 50 rucks were parked at a slop on U.S. highway 22 and others were parked along the road. There were no blockades of raffic, police said, although here were reports of vandal- sm. Police said a gunshot was (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Famed Movie Tycoon Sam Goldwyn Dies LOS ANGELES (AP) Sa- muel Goldwyn, the colorful, Po- ish immigrant who helpec found the American movie in- dustry and became its most in- dependent producer, died early Thursday at 91. The cause of death was no' immediately known, but Gold wyn had had been hospitalizec for an undisclosed ailment relat ing to age earlier this month. Goldwyn's motion pictures in eluded "Best .Years of Ou ''Hans Christian "Guys and "Porgy ani and "The Pride of the Yankees." Medal of Freedom Goldwyn had been secluded in lis Beverly Hills mansion since 1967, when he suffered a stroke His only public appearance was on March 27, 1971, when Pres- ident Nixon came to the Gold- wyn home Ho present the pro- ducer with the Medal of Free- dom, the nation's highest civil- ian honor. The President praised Gold- wyn for making films 'that were entertaining, exciting, great box office but not square "and nol dirty." His career spanned more than half a century since the time in 1913 when he and the late Ceci B. DeMille and Jesse Laskj (Continued: Page 2, Col. 2.) Landing in Samoa; 10 Survivors PAGO PAGO, American iamoa (UPI) A Pan Amcri- an World Airways 707 with 101 lersons aboard caught fire 'hursday in flight and crashed n a violent thunderstorm, kill- ng most of those aboard when hey were unable to flee the lurning wreckage. Witnesses at the Pago Pago airport on the Samoan island of Tutuila, midway between New Zealand and Hawaii, said 91 persons were killed, most of them burned to death when trapped inside the flaming plane. They said there were 10 survivors. Dr. Peter Veales, medical director at the Pago Pago Medi- :al Center, said "most of the dead fried in the plane." Veales said the survivors were three women and seven men and that eight were in serious or worse condition with burns over 50 percent, of their bodies and that several were not expected to live. Two survivors were in fair condition and able to walk about. "We all tried to get out and jammed the one of the two male survivors said, "I managed to get out over a wing but most of those aboard did not." The pilot, Capt. Leroy Peter- son of San Francisco, radioed the Pago Pago control tower shortly before the crash that the plane was on fire. He also re- ported violent thunder squalls and one of these was in progress when the plane hit feet short of the runway. The aircraft was flight 806 'rom Auckland, N.Z., to Honolu- u, where most of the crew lived, with an intermediate stop at Pago Pago. Pan American said 49 of the passengers had been, scheduled to disembark at Pago Pago and that the other 42 were enroute to Honolulu and Los Angeles. The wreckage of the plane was still blazing hot hours after the crash and most of the dead were still inside the wreckage. SAMUEL GOLDWYN Hunger Strike Passes 2 Years LONDON Secre- tary Robert Carr said Thursday that a Jewish prisoner serving a 15-year sentence for armed robbery has been on a hunger strike for more than two years and is being artificially fed. Carr told the house of com- mons that the man, now in the 827th day of his hunger strike, has been refusing food ever since he was served kosher margarine from a knife previously used to cut non-kosher margarine. Tile Home Office identified the man as Keith Baillie, 20, convicted in 1969. Today's Chuckle The dollar has dropped in value but there's no need for worry until some country turns down our foreign aid. Iowa Fights Welfare Dilemma By Charles Roberts DES MOINES (AP) Wel- fare regulations ''force people to defraud" the government to make ends meet, an Iowa so- cial services department ex- ecutive believes. Welfare now pays 81 per- cent of the amount needed to get by in 1972, explained Harold Templcman, director of Ihe agency's income main- tenance division. Sonic people gelling welfare payments arc not entitled to them, he said, and others arc getting too much money. But hccnusc of recent dramatic increases in the cost of living, "Ihcy can rationalize (lint de- frauding is what they need to he said. The federal government, which provides millions of dol- lars to lowans on welfare, is. unhappy that Ihe slate agency's rate of errors allowing payments to people who are not qualified is as high as it is. A study shows that 9.7 per- cent of Aid to Dependent Chil- dren recipients in Iowa were ineligible for benefits. Another 20 percent were gelling more money than they should have. To underscore Iheir discon- tent, federal officials say they will reduce Iowa's allotment of federal welfare funds by the first six months of this year unless the error per- centage decreases." "Want Money" "The federal government is not interested in reducing Templeman believes, "all they want is the money." What Iowa should strive for, federal officials say, is an eli- gibility error rate of no more than 3 percent, and trimming overpayment errors to 5 per- cent. "I don'l know any state that meets federal ceilings on Templcman said. The stair, official said there arc. some things that Iowa can do Io reduce errors, Includ- ing a realignment of the duties of caseworkers, and getting employment and sala- ry data on recipients from the Iowa employment security commission. One of the things the agency cannot do is put more social security employes on the job keeping welfare payments ac- curate. No More Staff "We were told would get no more by top execit' lives in the department, Tern- pieman explained. One of the problems slate officials and caseworkers in Iowa's 99 counties face Is the (Continued: Page n, Col. II)
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