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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 30, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weath er- Colder tonight, M lu 35. Much colder Thursday, highs VOLUMK yi NUMIildt CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CKIMK ItAPIOS, IOWA, WKDNKSIMY, JANUAHY 30, 197-1 ASSOCIATED PIIESS, UP1, NEW YORK TIMliS President To Resist WASHINGTON (AP) Pres ident Nixon will reject a Califor nia state court order that he tes lify in person at the trial ol former aides indicted for tliL breakin at the office of Danie E11 s b e r g s psychiatrist, Hit While House said Wednesday. Deputy press secretary Gerald Warren said White House attorneys "will recom- mend lo the President that he respectfully decline to appear on constitutional grounds." Warren made clear that Nixon would heed that advice. Written Questions? But Warren left open the pos- sibility that Nixon might re- spond to written questions. "If other requests are put to the While House, they will be dealt with as they he said in answer lo a newsman's question. Ehrlichman Defense John Ehrlichman and two other former White House aides are seeking Nixon's testimony to support their contention that they were acting as federal of- ficers when the breakin oc- curred in 1971. Ehrlichman is charged with burglary, conspiracy and per- jury in connection with the breakin. David Young and G. Gordon Liddy, both former White House aides, are charged with burgla- ry and conspiracy in the case. Not Signed Yet Superior Court Judge Gordon Ringer of Los Angeles Tuesday said he will approve a certifi- c a t e "demanding President Richard M. Nixon to testify Feb. 25, 1974, and April 15, 1974." A court clerk told newsmen the judge had not actually signed the subpoena yet, be- cause he wanted time Wednes- day and possibly Thursday, to consider the procedures open to him to have the subpoena served on the President. Court observers said it was believed that the subpoena would be sent lo the superior court in Washington, D. C., which could order it served by a U. S. marshal on the White House, which could then chal- lenge Ringer's jurisdiction by appealing to courts in the Capi- tol. Possible Compromise Nixon's refusal to testify in person could touch off a legal battle. Bui indicalions were lhal moves were under way to reach a compromise, perhaps with the President answering written in- terrogatories submitted to him on key issues at slake in the proceeding. Warren said Ehrlichman's al- lorncys had discussed the suh- jecl of written questions with Nixon's chief Watergate lawyer James St. Clair "but not in any specific way." in other developments: II. U. Ilaldeman, Nixon's former chief of slaff, has rc- lurned lo Washington for more questioning by two Watergate grand juries. A source close to the case said Ilaldeman was scheduled to appear before the original Watergate grand jury Wednesday and before a second on Thursday. It was expected Ilaldeman would he questioned by grand jurors about Ihe presidential tapes, many of which he had access lo both before and after he left Ihe While Mouse. It was learned from another (Continued Page 3, Col. 3) Father, watching Ills (laugh- tor select Ihe most expensive wedding gown In the store: "I ilcn'l mind .'jiving you nwny, tail must I Copper Theft Ring; Losses Top By Ford Clark IOWA CITY According lo information received by John- i County Sheriff Gary Hughes, a statewide organized ring of copper thieves has been operating in the Iowa City area. H u g h e s said Wednesday lieriffs throughout the state are exchanging information regard- ing thefts of specialized copper fillings and wire. He said he had been in com- munication with law officers Tom Manchester, Ames, W11-, liamsburg, Amana and Middle! Amana as well as other law en-j 'orcement agencies "throughout! he state." Loss Estimate Hughes refused to name a specific figure on losses except o estimate "at the least las probably been involved. The osses could be astronomical. "Losses of in copper )roducts have been experienced n the Iowa Cily-Coralville area alone." Hughes said he based his opinion tSiat a statewide or- ganized ring was involved on the fact that "the thieves in- volved pass over other valu- able items at construction sites, taking only the specific copper items." Hardest hit in the Iowa City area was the Hilton Inn, pres- ently under construction at the exit of interstate Coralville police assisted by (ohnson county deputies staked ml the Hilton Inn over a cohsid- irable period of time. Despite this, the Hilton Inn onstruction site suffered ap- iroximately in losses of tie specialized copper items. The losses resulted from four ireakins over a 60-day period. Theft-by-Order A sub-contractor on the Hilton iroject, who asked not to be iamed, said, "They've got to :now exactly what they want, t's got to be theft-by-order." The contractor noted, "There s a terrific shortage of copper roducts. There is a real black market for this type of thing." It was feared that losses at he Hilton site might hold up the ifficial opening of the inn sched- uled for April 15. This fear was based on the act that some of the copper iroducts have to be ordered as nuch as six months in advance. However, Robert Warwin, general manager of Hilton Inn, said, "It appears our opening will proceed on sched- ule. We were very fortunate in that our sub-contractors had a (Continued Page 3, Col. 3) -UPI Teleoholo "AFTER THE VOTE "I'm afraid it's" says'Seri. Jackson (D-Wash.J, center, spon- sor of the emergency energy bill, after the senate vote to send the bill back to conference. With Jackson are Senators Muskie left, and Nelson (D-Wis.j. Nelson led the fight to return the bill to com- mirree. WASHINGTON (AP) bill. The White House Jackson also argued that the troversy over oil industry prof- its appears to have killed the emergency energy bill that th for two months. The senate voted 57-37 Tues-j said it needs the legislation be- fore it can order gasoline ra- and other mandatory en- j ergy conservation measures. 'All in Shambles" day to send it back to confer- all jn a shambies ence with the house in an cfforllsenate interior commiUee chair- to remove an excess profils pro- vision that critics claimed wa unworkable and probably un- constitutional. The move to recommit hac received Ihe endorsement ol President Nixon, who wrote Senate Minority Leader Hugh Scott (Pa.) that it "would be most unfortunate" if congress approved the bill in its prcsenl :orm. Bui both house and senate leaders of the conference in- dicaled there was little chance .he conferees would reconsider Chotiner Dies; Long Nixon Friend, Helper WASHINGTON (UPI) Mur- jy Chotincr, a trusted, friend ind adviser to President Nixon years, died or nearly 30 Wednesday. Soon after Nixon's inaugura- tion, Chotiner was named gener- al counsel for Ihe White House office lions. Chotincr, G4, suffered a bro- ken leg and concussion a week ago when his aulo collided with truck in suburban McLean, Va. Officials al the Washington .lospilal Center said an autopsy vas being performed but Cho- iner probably died of a pulmo- nary cmbolus a bloodstream jiockage. A hospital spokesman said death could well have been complication of the accident. Chollncr handled publicity for Nixon's first congressional cam- inlgn in 19'lfi, and was his stale campaign manager four years ater when Nixon won election o Ihe senate. When Nixon run for vice- jresidcnl in 1952, Clioliner served as his national campaign naiiiigcr. And in I DUB he was a special assistant to Ihe of Nixon's presidential bid. handling trade ncgotia- In 1970 lie was named special counsel to Ihe President, a post he left in 1972 lo return lo private law practice, in Wash' ington. Last summer during the sen- ate Watergate hearings, it was revealed thai Clioliner had hired two "reporters" lo spy on the campaigns of Democratic presidential candidates in 1972. II e contended there was nothing underhanded or ille- gal" about the arrangement. He said Ihe two he hired were "definitely no! looking for dirty stuff" on Nixon's opponents, bill were giving daily reports on their public acllvilics. Decision Delayed WASHINGTON (AP) A de- cision on pension reform legisla- tion has been delayed for a week by Ihe house rules com- mllloc. senate's refusal to approve the excess profits provision would make Ihe oil industry "more minister had said in Tokyo lhal Japan and other oil-consuming nations "cannot afford any son of confrontation." man, Henry Jackson said. The house commerce com- mittee chairman, Harley Stag- gers agreed that the senate vote probably would kill: the bill. "The administration is going to rue this Jackson said, explaining that withoul the bill the President would have to declare a national emergency before he could order rationing. A Federal Energy Office source said gasoline rationing is a strong likelihood this summer if the Arab oil embargo con- tinues. difficult, more belligerent. The! The Wall Street Journal says industry must be glowing." j there are initial indications of a Senator Gaylord Nelson in the Arab oil embargo sponsor of the motion top said it learned that at least recommit, argued that most ofjone U.S. oil company has beenj the bill's non-controversial pro-'told it can expect a cargo of v i s j o n s including rationing, Saudi Arabian oil by late Febru- could be attached to other mea- ary. Property Tax Rate Is Set: Good News By lloland Krekcler Property taxes for 1973, pay- able this year, will decrease for most property in Linn county. The tax rate will be down for property in Cedar liapids, Marion and Hiawatha and unin- corporated areas of the county. The rate in other towns alsoi will be down, except in Spring- lcms ville and Robins. Rate Hikes To Reflect Price Rises sures. Nixon Delivers State of Union Speech Tonight WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Nixon addresses congress and the nation tonight on the Stale of Ihe Union, and quite possibly on Ihe Watergate crisis. While House officials would not say flatly in advance of Nixon's 8 p.m. CDT appearance at a joint session of congress whether Watergate-rclaled nial- lers would be touched on. However, Deputy Press Sec- retary Gerald W a r r c n said Tuesday that Nixon would dis- cuss all issues important to the American people. And depart- ing aide Mclvin Laird, asked at a news conference if Ihe Presi- dcnl could fail to talk aboul what the questioner termed a crisis of confidence, replied: "I think you'll be very pleased with Ihe content of Ihe mes- sage." The While House said Nixon returned to Washington by car aflar dark Tuesday from n five- day slay at Camp David, Mil., s p e n I Ihe ml- whore he reportedly much of his time drcss lo be broadciisl live by major Iclevlsion-rndio networks. Separate Bills Other provisions, such as cre- ation of a Federal Energy Ad- ministration, are (he subject of separate bills thai congress is expected to pass shortly, Nelson said. And both the house ways and means and senate finance committees have already sched- uled hearings on an excess profits tax, he added. The excess profits provision would take effect next year and allow consumers to demand re- troactive refunds on fuel prices that had resulted in windfall The Midwestern. Governors Conference urged more burning of coal and recommended clean air rules enforcement be han- dled by the states, not the feder- al government. A Springville water bond issue accounts for the increase there, while a smaller cash carry-over in the municipal budget is cited in Robins. The tax rales cited here arc on a 12-month basis, although the tax levies spread by the board of supervisors Wednesday is on an 18-month basis. State Law The 18-month levy is the re- sult of a stale law designed to switch counties and cities lo a July-to-June fiscal year from the previous calendar year. Officials emphasize that al- though the tola! amount of taxes billed under the interim 18- month period will be consider- ably, higher than in previous bills, the third payment will noi be due until the spring of 1975. Taxes to be paid during 1974 will be about the same as in previous years. In fact, as in cheated above, the taxes pay- able in 1974 are down for mos taxpayers. Average Homeowner An average homeowner in Cedar Rapids, one with a house in the Cedar Rapids Com munity school district, will fim his taxes, payable in. 1974 to: be less than in 1973. A Marion resident in the Marion school district, with a house of the same value, will find his tax bill down A Marion resident in Mar school district with house will get a bil less than last year. The bill is based on levies fo county, assessor and agricul tural extension; the local schoo district, the Joint County boari of education, Kirkwood college and (for city residents only) municipal corporation levy. Mill Income Each mill of levy amounts t of tax for each of tax able valuation, which is 27 per cent of actual value. In Cedar Rapids the county assessor and agricultural exten- sion levy will be 18.148 mills. In other towns it will be 18.725 anc (Continued Page 3, Col. 8) WASHINGTON (AP) The federal government Wednesday announced a three-step plan de- signed to alleviate fuel prob- 1 the trucking industry and to head off any possible videning of the current protest by Midwestern truck operators. Special presidential assistant W. J. Usery said the plan will allow truck operators lo pass through lo Irucking companies any difference they must pay in .he cost of diesel fuel from what .hey paid on May The plan also provides for a new mandatory allocation pro- gram that will guarantee deliv- ery of the fuel needed by the trucking industry, Usery said. 110 Percent The mandatory allotment will be 110 percent of 1972 consump- tion. Massive Manhunt for San Francisco Killers SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Po- lice pressed a massive manhunt called "Operation Zebra" through a tense and quiet cily, looking for at least two gunmen profils. The bill also would have Liven the President immediate responsible for 10 ran- jiven the President immediate authority to control fuel prices lo avoid any excess profits. On the recommittal vote, Re- dom slayings in the past two months. The latest wave of killings came Monday night, when five publicans and oil slate senators i who prevented passage of the persons were sho m a two-hour hnfm-n City SU'CCtS. All but one died and doctors say (he lone survivor may be paralyzed. "Sure, people are Po- before Christmas were joined by Nelson and other lib- eral Democrats, including George McGovcrn (S.D.) and Mondalc In other developments: lice Lt. William O'Connor said Tuesday. "If the murderes had a motive rape or robbery The federal energy cliief, wouldn't be so frightening. This am T. Simon, warned the! is terrible. There's a lot of hate American people that "scarce! involved in these cowardly acts ligh cost energy will be Ihe rulcjof going up to an isolated person for many years if not ii litely." He called lor "a energy ethic a war shooting him." I1CWS Slim Leads on waste." The A m D r i c a n Automobile Police said they had no sus- peels and only slim leads. They Assn. said gasoline appears to be about as available this week as it was last week. What end- said they were working on de- scriptions supplied by witnesses which indicate that at least two of-monlh shortages there hhlck "1L'n who seem to be hilling metropolitan ccl "f aml tlrlvcr centers hardest, it said. Scerelnry of Slate Kissinger said he docs nol believe the )lnnncd conference of oil-con- suming nations in Washington is lircntcncd by an Aral) warning lo Japan. The Saudi Arabian oil were involved. Chief of Inspectors Charles Hnrca said Ihe slaylngs were "similar to a spurt of shoot- ings hist month in which six persons wurc killed and two were wounded." He said "the largest manhunl in the city's history" had been launched lo search for the killers. The hunl was dubbed "Operation Zebra" because the code letter which will be used in police radio broadcasts on the case, is the least busy frequency. "We're looking for psycho- Barca said at a press briefing. Police ballistics tests indicat- ed at least two and possibly three weapons were used in Monday's shootings. Tests weren't ycl complete lo indicate if any of the guns used in the December attacks matched Monday night's weap- Victims White In each slaying, now and last December, the victim was white and was walking along a street. The only survivor of Monday night's shootings was Roxanne McMillan, 23. She was reported in stable but critical condition after surgery lo repair damage caused by a bullet lodged be- hind her hcarl and another which went through her liver and lung. "It's possible thai she might be said Dr. K. Blaisdcll, chief of surgery al San Francisco General hospital, Usery was unable to say where the additional fuel would come from. "I was asked to see that we get as much fuel as needed to keep the trucks Usery said. "The Feder- al Energy Office is responsible for seeing they get it." The third part of the propos- al will be a tripling in the number of price monitors who will check truck stops and fuel outlets for price gouging. The proposal for passthrough of fuel costs apparently will mean higher prices for.Ameri- consumers! Usery- ;had ho estimate as to how much of an increase could be expected. He said trucking firms could make up their .additional ex- pense because of the passthrough by asking the Inter- state Commerce Commission for new rate increases. Already Filed Many of the truckers, acling through their regional rate bureaus, already have asked the ICC for some relief, Usery said. Usery said the Steel Haulers Assn. has filed for a four per- cent fuel surcharge in addition to a six percent general rate increase recently granted. The presidential assistant ex- pressed hope the measures would satisfy truckers who have been upset over the rising cost of fuel and the problems in get- ting a full tank from a truck top. "I believe this should avert a he said. "We cer- tainly urge the truckers to keep operating." 30-Day Wait The passthrough provision will nol be effective for at leasl 30 days, Usery said. However, le said he hoped trucking firms vould start immediately lo ab- sorb Ihe cosl as provided for under the proposed rule. Usery said Ihe ICC coult} nol pul Ihe passlhrough provision nlo effect without first holding period for public comments. The passlhrough provision vill nol be retroactive, Usery ;aid. Ike Aide Dies HOUSTON (AP) Dillon An- lerson, 67, a special assistant or national security affairs to 'resident Eisenhower in 1955-56, lied Wednesday. Today's Index Comics 31) Courthouse 3 Dally Record................3 Editorial Features......... Farm ......................HI Financial ..................40 Marlon .....................40 Movies .....................38 Society ..................1IMO Sports...................25-30 State Television..................U Want Ads................42-15
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