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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Mr tonight through Tuesday, lam tonight In the 20s. Highs lues- day around VOLUME 92 NUMIJEH: ]'j CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CKDAH KAI'IDS, IOWA, MONDAY, JANUARY 23, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES PRICES Krogh Tale Bears Out NEW YORK (AP) Egil "Bud" Krogh, head of the White House "plumbers" unit, has supported President Nixon's stalcmcnt about when Nixon learned of the Watergate cover- up. But Krogh, who will start serving a six-month prison term next week for his role in the breakin at the office of Daniel Ellsbcrg's psychiatrist, blamed the President for creating what he called a climate of "bit- terness" in the White House. Krogh also said Sunday in a television interview that he was too inexperienced to be chosen as head of the plumbers inves- tigative unit, which was formed to plug national security leaks. Undue Alarm He said the Nixon While House tended to view political opponents with undue alarm, claiming that-Ellsber'g, who ad- mitted leaking the Pentagon Papers to the press, was wrong- ly labeled an "enemy of the United States. Krogh said he spoke with former White House counsel John Dean on March 20, 1973 the day before President Nixon has stated he met with Dean and first learned of the extent of White House involvement in the Watergate cover-up. Krogh quoted Dean as saying .in that conversation with him: '.'Bud, the President is being badly served. He just doesn't know what's been going on." Krogh said Dean's remarks convinced him that Nixon was not aware of the cover-up until March 21. "Bad Judgment" But of Nixon's handling of the presidency, Krogh said: I'm not gonna say that he Ex-Aide to Nixon Unit Enters Guilty Plea WASHINGTON (AP) Th former scheduling director President Nixon's re-electio committee pled guilty Monda to a charge of lying to the FB about the Watergate breakin. Herbert Porter, 35, of Lagun Niguel, Calif., was released personal recognizance pendin completion of a presentence re port. Assistant special prosecuto Richard BenVeniste told tl court that on July 19, 1972, on month after the Watergat breakin, Porter was questions by two FBI agents working o the case. Campaign Speakers The prosecutor said Porte told the agents about a conve sation in which he and Je Stuart Magruder had discusse spending to hire colleg students as campaign speakers. "There was no such convers, tiou" BenVeniste said. The prosecutor indicate Porter has been cooperatin with the current investigation. The charge of making fals statements to a federal agenc carries a maximum penalty o five years in prison and fine. Magruder, former deput should not be held responsible for bad management, poor, se- lection of people for certain jobs. I should never have been appointed to the plumbers. I wasn't experienced enough to handle that job." Krogh said of the Nixon White House, I think there's (Continued Page 3, Col. 6) Israelis Leave Third of Land Seized in Egypt SUEZ, Egypt (AP) Israel's invasion forces lifted the 97-day siege of Suez City Monday, sur- rendered 300 square miles, of Egyptian territory to the United Nations and freed Egypt's en- circled Third army. Scores of Israeli 'half-tracks rolled out of Suez City toward canal bridges to the eastern bank. The vehicles were filled with singing, clapping soldiers. In midday ceremony, the Israelis formally handed con- trol of the city at the southern gateway to the Suez Canal to the U.N. emergency force. U N troops immediately began taking control of Suez wilh the civilian inhabi- tants and the southern in- vasion zone, holding' it for at least six hours. "Israeli officers said that by nightfall Egypt would regain about a third of the enclave carved out of Egyptian territory west of the canal during Ihc Israeli invasion. Secretary of Stale Kissinger told newsmen in New York ho wns "moderately optimistic" that Israel and Syria would n'grec to negotialioiis to disen- gage their troops on the Golno Heights. Kissinger met wilh U.N. Secret ary-Gcncrnl Kurt Wnllioim to discuss UK; Middle East silwilion. Chuckle People who diet go to great longlhs In avoid great wldlhs. B Nixon Urges Increases in Vet Benefits WASHINGTON (AP) Pres dent Nixon Monday proposei cost-of-living increases in veter :ns' pensions and an eight per cent boost in GI benefits as par of a billion legislative pack age for veterans. Nixon also urged thai congress restore Nov. 11 as Vet erans day, repealing part of i 1968 law which switched the hoi iday to the fourth Monday in October. The proposals were containec i n a special message lo congress, one of a series Nixon s Bending to Capitol Hill before lis State of the Union address Wednesday night. The President said his ad- ministration is preparing legis- ation to grant the 2.4 million jersons receiving veterans pen- sions the same type of automat- c cost-of-living increases avail- able to social security recipi ents. He also said the veterans pen- sion program should be restruc- tured to assure that the neediest pensioners will receive at least as much as adult welfare re- cipients. Nixon said Ihe eight percent increase in education benefits he is seeking will supply an extra million in aid for the more than two million taking advantage of the GI bill educa- tion and training allowances. The increase is needed, he said, "lo keep pace with inflation." director in the campaign com mitlee, pled guilty last summe to a single charge of conspirin to obstruct Ihc Watergate invcs tigalion and also has been co operating with the prosecutors. Tapes Access Meanwhile (he White Hous refused Monday to list the ind viduals wilh access to tape n cordings or rtanscipts of Pres ident Nixon's Watergate convei sations. D e p u I y Press Secrelar Gerald Warren was qucslione aboul access to the tapes an transcripts following disclosui that speechwriter Patrick Bu chanan and Republican congre. sional leaders had seen or hear them. Warren refused to identif those who had done so sayini "I'm not in a position to do lha There are legal implica tins." He repeated previous assei lions that the Watergate tap recordings are in the hands o the special prosecutor, which h described as the "prope forum." He did acknowlcdgi under questioning, that copies o the lapes also have been re tained in the White House." On a related subject, Warre was asked whether the FBI ha sought to question the Presiden about the 18-minute erasure o one tape. "I don't believe thai has hap Warren said. "Dirty Tricks" Porter told the senate Water gate committee that the was given to Watergate conspir ator G. Gordon Liddy for politi cal "dirty tricks." Porter told the commitlei hat Magruder, deputy directoi if. the re-election campaign, hac asked him to perjure himself. To do otherwise, Porler salt Vlagruder told him, "could be embarrassing to the Pres dent of the United to ormer Atty. Gen. Mitchell, am o H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's ormer chief of staff. Porter told the committee he !ed not-only to the FBI but lo be federal grand jury and ai he Watergate breakin trial. Impeachment Watergate and the calls foi 'resident Nixon's impeachmenl lat have followed the Water- ate developments were the ubjects of commenl made by tty. Gen. Saxbe over the week- nd. He said an impeachment ae- on against Nixon, especially a itler, partisan one, would tear ie country apart. But, Saxbe said, he expects ongress will not impeach ixon but rather will keep the ction going. "They'd rather have a crip- ted Nixon than a healthy, sil- ng Jerry Saxbe said in (Continued Page 3, Col. 4) Telepholo TOKYO WELCOME Japanese Vice-premier Takeo Miki (center) welcomes Sheik Ahmed Zaki Yamani Saudi Arabia's oil minister, and Belaid Abdesselam Algerian industry and energy minister, at Miki's house Sunday in Tokyo. Arab Warns Japan, Europe I D Against Oil Confrontation TOKYO (UPI) Saudi Arab! n. Oil Minister Ahmed Zak Yamani -warned Japan -and Eu ropean countries Monday not t go to the Feb. 11 Washington neeting proposed by Presiden Nixon if they were seeking a confrontation with the oil pro ducing nations. He said the interests of Japan France, Britain and German} are best served by bilatera deals, in which they help back ward, oil-rich countries to in dustrialize, in return for assurec supplies of petroleum. "Serious Matter" "If the idea is to unite them or a confrontation it will be a serious matter for both con- umer and producer Yamani told a news conference. 'It will be an especially serious matter for Japan, which de- lends almost 100 percent on im- lorted oil." Yamani said, "We have no injection to dialogue, but if they America) are having this con- ercnce for political reasons o have a confrontation we 'on't cooperate." Yamani said that "the price f oil in the future won't be in erms of dollars, but technology nd industrialization." Yamani cpeated Monday that Saudi rabia's government favors a eduction in oil prices, but said will not happen immediately. Yamani said Saudi Arabia links the present price levels o .not reflect the true value of il in terms of supply and de- nand but "due to the effects on the balance of other countries, payments we think should sacrifice a-little. This is an individual Saudi Arabian pol- icy." No End in Sight While YamanL promised even- tual cuts in fuel prices, petrole- um sources saw no end in sighl to the boycott of shipments to the U.S. In Beirut, diplomatic sources predicted Arab oil producers with Saudi Arabia taking the lead would turn down an ap- peal by Egyptian President Sadat for lifting the fuel embar- go of the U.S. Sadat recently called for a "gesture" by the Arab oil slates aecause of Secretary of State Kissinger's efforts in working out the Israeli-Egyptian troop pullback accord. At the same time, a group of Arab and non-Arab oil special- sts from producing countries net in Vienna Monday to stabi- ize steeply rising oil prices and irevent economic chaos for niyers and sellers of petroleum. Sources said the first task of Organization of Petroleum Ex- loriing countries (OPEC) would ic to establish future prices. The current levels were frozen mill the end of March. "We try always to do these hings as members of a ie said. "As lo future price svcls, it. would be premature lo all; about il. "King Faisal is deeply worri- id about Ihe oil problems and is studying necessary steps lo carry oul the pric Yamani said. -Arab diplomatic sources Beirut said Arab oil minister meeting in Tripoli, Libya, Feb 14, would turn down appeals t lift their boycott of the U.S. The sources said, howeve the Arab oil states would consic er raising production and del veries to the rest of the world a move likely to ease fufcl short ages in the U.S. The diplomats said Sadat wa told by King Faisal the disen gagement agreement did no represent sufficient progress to ward the ultimate Arab aim complete Israeli withdrawa from occupied Arab territory. Bloody Birthday For Vietnam Pac- SAIGON fight ing was reported Monday on the first anniversary of the cease fire that was supposed to em :he Vietnam ,war but didn't. The South Vietnamese com mand claimed that 62 Viet Cong were killed in three battles 45 lo 110 miles southwest of Saigon in Mekong Delta. Govern- nent losses were put al 15 deac ind 10 wounded. Neither the government, he Viet Cong held any special ceremonies to mark the anni- versary of Ihe peace agreement vhich secured the release of American prisoners of war held jy.thc Communists and paved he way for Ihe withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam. State: No 'Back Door' Increase By Frank Nye DES MOINES Iowa coun- ties are in (lie process of changing from a January- December calendar year to a July-June fiscal year under a new stale law. The transition period re- quires 18 months. It started Jan. I, 1974, and will end June 30, 1975. Present county budgeting and tax-collecting are geared for this ID-month period unlil Ihe new 12-month fiscal year lakes effect on July I, 1975. Cilles are making this tran- sition loo, along wilh counties, lo bring both into conformity with Inn stale government nnd local .school districts, which long have observed Hie July- June fiscal yenr. No', Changes Contrary In some reports Ihe Ill-month transitory period will not require nny in the normal tax paying pat- tern of the properly owner. On the present calendar year basis he may pay his lax in full in March, or in two equal installments, wilh the first payment due in March and the .second in September. For the transitory period, however, his taxes will be for an Ill-month period and he may pay them in full in March, 1974. or pay in HIITO equal installments wilh the first due In March. 1974. the second in September, 1974 the third in March, 1975. When the new fiscal year takes effect July t, 1975, Mr. nnd Mrs. Taxpayer inny pny their 1975-71! Inx hill In full In September, 1975, or in Iwn equal Installments with the first due In Scplrmhnr, 1975 ami the second In March, I'Yom Hint, lime on the first hnlf payment, or Ihe full pay- ment, will be due each Sep- tember and the second half the following March. The Linn County Properly T a x p a y c rs Association's (LCPTA) newly-elected vice- prcsidenl, L. W. Hamilton, re- cently was quolcd in a news release as saying lowans will be forced to pay a "back- door" properly tax increase as a result of the 18-month transitory period. He said each individual now is allowed a credit on the first of his personal property and Hint this will not be in- creased by half lo bo npplied lo tin: last six months of the ID-month transitory period. He cited on-attorney gener- al's opinion lo hack him up. Hamilton was quolcd: "The hileiil of Hie legisla- tors on the personal properly Inx credit was n year, therefore if the credit isn't allowed In the extended 18 months, it is a 'back door' properly lax raise. The full tax credit, for 18 months should he "I will be in contact wilh Representative Jim Wells on this 'back door' lax increase nnd urge him lo lake immedi- ate action." Opinion Correct Wells. Cedar Rapids Demo- crat and an assistant house minority leader, look up Ha- milton's request last week with Francis Larew, local budget director in the office of Stale Comptroller Marvin Si-1- deu. "The opinion of the attorney general lo which you Larcw lold Wells in a letter, "is correct in llml the personal properly lax credit is not increased by 50 percent (lo due lo Hie fiscal year ncl and Ihc Ifl-monlh period. "However, the general as- sembly did provide for an ad- ditional personal property tax credit (in a law passed last Under this legislation there is currently an extra making the current total credit This addi- tional credit is first, applied during the extended fiscal year." Larcw was referring lo a law passed by Ihc 1973 legisla- ture which phases out Ihe tax on personal property over a 10-year period. To simplify Ihc complicated subject, Larew prepared a set of four tables for Wells. Two of I ho four tables show the taxpayer how Iho additional lax credit of will be applied. In oilier words, the taxpay- er's hill will he less during the (Continued Page 3, Col. 8) One Trucker Shot, Other Ohio Viol eno COLUMBUS, Ohio (UPI) One truck driver was shot, fou other, trucks were hit by.bulle and two truckers were' pulle from their rig and beaten northern Ohio late Sunday an early Monday as the deadlin approached for a nationwid trucking shutdown. Dennis Nickles, 30, Casey, 111 a tank truck driver, was shot i Ihe shoulder late Sunday on in ;erstate 80 in Trumbull counlj Dhio. His truck was hit twice b Juliets, one slug striking "th grill and the other passin :hrough the windshield and hi :ing him, according to the Ohi lighway patrol. A spokesman for the patro said four trucks were hit b bullets early Monday on intei fate 80 in Mahoning county, bu no one was hurt. Beatings Two bakery truck drivers i: Varren, Ohio, were pulled from heir rig and beaten by five men (londay, police said. The driver 'homas Reed, 32, Ashtabula )hio, was treated and release( t a Warren hospital. His co- vorker Edward Falconer, 37 Pa., was admitted to le hospital. Independent truckers met in wo northeastern Ohio cities unday and blamed government ootdragging on high diesel fuel rices and low speed limits foi orcing them to continue a work toppage. About 400 truckers met in 'oungstown to discuss their rotcst action but decided noth- ng concrete had come from 'ashington to end their strike. "A couple suggestions were lade at the meeting but no 'for in writing from the gov- was presented at Mon- ay's meeting." a spokesman lid later. No Written Offer Failure of Ihe government to nd a writlen offer was cited V a spokesman for 200 truckers eeting in Barbcrlon, Ohio, as ic major reason for a vote by ie group to strike. George Rynn, president of the ouncil of Independent which claims to rep- scnl the Harbcrton group, arncd that any national truck oppage would include an es- natcd truckers. Details Secret Leonard Fleet, attorney for o group, said he received the ivernment's proposal at a eeting in Florida last week ith W. J. Uscry, a member of c Federal Mediation Service id n While House aide. Neither Fleet nor Rynn would (Continued: Pago ;t, Col. 5.) Simon Hits Variance in Home Fuel WASHINGTON (UPI) The 'ederal government will move his week to end the price fluc- uation in home heating oil that las caused some homeowners to pay 50 percent more than their neighbors, Federal Energy Ad- ministrator Simon said Monday. Simon also told the senate subcommittee on intergovern- nental relations that the home heating oil crisis has been man- ageable so far-but that the crunch is far from over. New Rules Simon said the price fluctua- tions were caused by tr-o dif- ference between cheaper do- mestic-produced heating oil and the more expensive imported oil. He said new rules to be published in the Federal Regis- ter this week would assure each supplier an equitable share of both products. "This situation is particularly visible in New England, which historically has been dependent on imported Simon said. "We in the FED are deeply concerned when a homeowner pays 50 percent more for heal- ing oil'than does a next door neighbor who uses a different supplier. We consider the situa- tion unfair and intolerable." The sooner the heating oil sit- uation can be stabilized, I he sooner oil producers can shift the emphasis of production back to gasoline, Simon said. The sooner (his can be ac- complished, the less likely wilf oe the chances of gasoline ra- tioning. Senator Henry Jackson (D- Wash.) said Sunday that ration- ing may be a reality between April and June unless the Arab boycott ends. Rationing? Jackson indicated Sunday that gasoline rationing may be nec- essary by the second quarter of the year. "I believe the present situa- tion clearly indicates that in the second quarter we're going to be in a posture where gas ra- ioning may well be a ie said. "I don't think there's much doubt about it unless there arc ome developments overseas vhich indicate that we will get extra crude Jackson aid on the CBS program "Face he Meanwhile, the Federal En- rgy Office urged utilities to cut ower use by five percent below ormal next month. The request came Sunday in ie announcement of residual uel allocations for utilities, hich the FEO said will pcrmil hem to meet about 95 percent f their normal power needs in 'obruary. Simon said the February llocations to utilities will affect 48 utilities in 39 states, primar- y on the east West Coasts. The utilities, he said, "arc rged to impose stringent melh- ds to achieve even more power onservation Coal Switch Actual fuel deliveries are cx- ected to be about five percent ss than in February, 1973, FEO lokesmen said, because some ililies have switched to coal or Col. 6) Today's Index :omies 15 Courthouse .1 Crossword 15 )aily Record 3 Editorial Features fi 'iirm 10 ''inancial Hi VInrlon 17 lovics 11 Society 8 Snorts 4, 5 I'clcvlslon Vnnl Aris 18-21
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