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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                3A The Cedar Rapids Gazelle: Sun.. Jan. 27. 19J4 Massive Survey on Crime Surprises Even Experts New York Times Service NEW YORK Denver had three time more rapes and as- relation to its popu- Newark. Atlanta's robbery rate was three times higher than Portland, Ore. Three times more cars were stolen Li Cleveland than in Dal- las. These are some of the first findings to emerge from a unique and continuing federal study aimed at measuring the levels and kinds of crime in the U.S. as a whole and in its ma- jor cities without relying on the crime reported either to tor by local police departments. Not Reported Because citizens often choose not to report crimes to the po- because the police [approximately persons sometimes choose Dot to official- ly record all the crimes that come to their criminologists and police offi- cials have questioned whether the annual crime reports of the Federal Bureau of Investigation questioned in eight cities chosen for the first part of the study by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration were the following: The official police statistics are an accurate index of crime average only show half in America. But the survey of a scientific sampling of citizens, which by passes the police and goes di rectly to the victims of crime is expected to provide a far more reliable measure of na tional crime trends and thi comparative burden of crimes in different cities. Whites, Blacks Among the findings drawn from the answers given by the ET Air Pollution Report This is a weekly report of data submitted to The Gazette by the air pollution control division of the Linn county health department. Airborne Dust A measurement of partlculate matter is made in terms of micrograms per cubic meter. The national standards, to be enforced by 1975: 75, average for a year (geometric and 260, maximum 24-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once a year. Location Date Reading 445 First street SW ............Jan. 23 61 Jane Boyd Community House .Jan. 23 61 Noelridgepark.................Jan. 23 54 2115 North Towne lane NE.....Jan. 22 30 Sulphur Dioxide The national standards (in terms of parts per 0.03 average for a year (arithmetic and O.li maximum 24-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once a year. Daily averages at 445 First street SW were: Jan. 18, 0.035; Jan. 19, 0.029; Jan. 20, 0.020; Jan. 21, 0.012; Jan. 22 and 23, machine not in operation; Jan 24, 0.013. Average for the period was 0.024. Daily averages at 2115 North Towne lane NE were: Jan. 18, 0.004; Jan. 19, 0.006; Jan. 20, 0.004; Jan. 21 and 22, 0.005; Jan. 23 and 24, machine not in operation. Average for the period was 0.005. Coefficient of Haze Another measurement of particulate matter. A reading of 0.53 is said to be equivalent of 75 micrograms per cubic meter, a national standard for airborne dust as outlined above. Readings at 445 First street SW were: Jan. 18, 0.24; Jan. 19, 0.13; Jan. 20, 0.15; Jan. 21, 0.13; Jan. 22, 0.32; Jan. 23, 0.39; Jan. 24, 0.42. Average for the period was 0.25. Readings at 2115 North Towne lane NE were: Jan. 18, 0.18; Jan. 19, 0.21; Jan. 20, 0.27; Jan. 21, 22 and 23, 0.20; Jan. 24, 0.27. Average for the period was 0.22. the serious crimes the citizens said had occurred. The non- reporting varied from crime to crime. There were 2.1 rapes, 2.3 robberies and 2.7 burglaries for each of these crimes that was recorded. Almost all stolen cars were reported. The non-reporting of crime varied widely from city to city. In Denver, there were almost three crimes for every one noted in police records while in Newark there were only 1.4 crimes for every one recorded. Contrary to expectations, the white and black residents of the eight cities told the Census Bu- reau questioners that they had suffered a roughly similar rate of over-all criminal victimiza- tion. The survey found tremendous variation in the number of dif- ferent kinds of crimes commit- ted in each of tile cities in rela- iion to population. For every residents, for example, there were robberies in Atlanta, robberies in Bal- timore, in Newark, fOO in St. Louis, in Cleve- and, in Denver, in Dallas and in Portland. For rapes and assaults, an entirely different pattern emerged with Denver having for every persons Portland Dallas At- lanta Baltimore Cleveland St. Louis and Newark Puzzled Donald Santarelli, head of the w Enforcement Assistance Administration which sponsored he survey and George Hall, lead of the National Criminal Justice Information and Statis- ics Service, expressed surprise at some of the findings. They were especially puzzled by the comparatively close vic- imization rates experienced by vhites and blacks in the eight cities because early experimen- al surveys and precinct-by-pre- inct studies in New York had ndicated that blacks are far riore likely to be attacked and obbed than whites. Photo by Tom Merryman ROSE DRIEVOLD, born last Sunday at St. Luke's hospital, was the first customer for a device to aid breathing developed by two Cedar Rapids pediatricians and a hospital inhalation therapist. Rose suffered from hyaline membrane, but with the help of the device, called continuous positive airway pressure, is getting along fine. Observing her Sat- urday was Mrs. Larry Adams, a nurse in the intensive care nursery. Breathing Device Aids Tiny Rose Drievold is alive In St. Luke's intensive care nursery thanks to an invention of a Cleveland doctor and the ingenuity of two Cedar Rapids pediatricians. Dr. James Ziska and Dr. Jack Reida, and hospital inhalation thera- pist, Richard Holmes. The three men took an in- tricate plastic nose piece de- veloped by Cleveland's Dr. Kattwinkel and built it into an effective device to aid breath- ing. Rose was the first cus- tomer for the unit. Rose, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Drievold, 907 C avenue NW, was born last Sunday. She was one month premature, weighed 5 and a quarter pounds and suffered from hyaline membrane. Before the development of the continuous positive airway pressure unit, Rose would have had little or no chance for survival. Hyaline membrane results from incomplete development of a newborn baby's lungs and is a frequent condition of pre- mature babies. The mem- brane forms and collects in the lungs around the alveoli, tiny air sacs through which carbon dioxide is exhausted from the blood and replaced by oxygen. The foreign mem- brane is somewhat fluid and is about the consistency of a thin, bubbly but tough syrup. The membrane coats the tiny air sacs, collapses them and the victim is suffocated. The continuous positive air- way pressure device devel- oped by the three Cedar Rapids men provides a con- stant airway pressure which prevents the tollapsc of the tiny air sacs.- This permits "normal" breathing by the in- fant while luh'g development may be completed and the membrane expelled or ab- sorbed. With the help 'of the device, Rose is doing just fine. -Cedar Rapids News Briefs velt. There meeting. Jaycee Cohen, Lyle Schultz and Don Nidey will speak Tuesday at 7 at Bishops downtown. Downtown Bas- ketball Coach Marcus Jackson will speak Wednesday noon at the Roosevelt. Full service Salon Tuesday thru Friday 9-9, Saturday Terri's Beauty Shoppe 393-5695. -Adv. Easlside Kiwanis Meeting p.m. Tuesday, Town House coffee court. A student will speak on international liv- ing in Europe. Food Bank The Linn county community food bank board of directors will meet Monday at p.m. in First Presbyterian church. Public invited. of fine quality furs. Excellent savings! Buy and wear now or buy on layaway. No carrying charges. Berger Furrier, Aussie Storm Toll Mounting BRISBANE, Australia (AP) Australia's rri'ost serious storm of this century swept through Brisbane Saturday, drowning five persons, washing away at least three homes and damaging scores of others. The known death toll stood at 11 as Cyclone Wanda and tor- rential rains continued to ship up records floods over most of the state .of Queensland. Weather officials said the storm appeared nowhere near its end. Brisbane recorded 13% inches of rain, the most in 80 years. lowan Dying of Cancer Forms 'Enjoy Life1 Club By Gordoo Hanson BURLINGTON (AP) Or- ville Kelly, dying of cancer, has gathered together a group of persons who also suffer in- curable diseases or have loved ones who do. "At first I felt sorry for said Kelly the 43- ye'ar-old father of four young children. "I held Cod respon- sible. Otherwise, why would He let this happen to me? "Now I ask myself how I could doubt the existence of I hear a child's laughter on a summer eve- ning, or see around me the miracle of life itself." The first meeting of Kelly's new organization, M a k e Today Count, drew 18 persons Friday night. "Talk Out Grief" The group has no officers, no dues, no formal program other than to let people "talk out their grief with others who know and understand what they are going Kelly said. "It's a sharing. "We want to bring together people, and their families, to assist each other in enjoying life-Hie life that is left to them. "I'm talking about moral assistance. I can remember the stark realism of being told I had an incurable form of cancer. It would have been so much easier to face if I could have talked to someone who had already been through'the initial stages of this and had accepted (he fact. "I'd guess you'd call it fel- lowship. I know we can't help everyone. Some people just aren't going to accept the fact that they have terminal illness: "But if we can't help them, at least we can help their families. I know what my wife and children went through. "I could have saved a lot tears if I'd accepted this cancer in the beginning, in- stead of asking, 'Why me, why Delayed Seeing Doctor Kelly, a former city editor of the Daily Gazette in Ster- ling, III., said he discovered a. small lump under his left arm last April. "It started growing and be- .ucile Douglas of Marion Dies af 81 Douglas, 81, a resident of Marion for 40 r-ears, died Friday morning in a ocal nursing home. She was born May 26, 1892, at fore I noticed it, there were two he said. "I regret to say I put off going lo a doc- tor a little bit." He said he's suffering from lymplioma, a cancer of (he lymph glands, "which doctors might have had some luck with treating if it had been de- lected in its early stages." He says he doesn't know when his life will end. "Doctors can only give you he said. 'If things work out-three years. If to 18 months." Kelly said his wife, Wanda, nnd their two boys and two girls, aged 4 lo 13, "took this real hard at the beginning. Now that I attempt to live a normal life, it seems to affect them lo the point Jhnt they're back on schedule. "We talk about this once in a while. I don't try to hide it. II just doesn't bother us like it once did because we faced it. "The past really doesn't malter now, because no mat- ter what the circumstances, if I live each day fully, I know I will not waste one part of it." FTC Expects Big 73 Jump For Cigarets WASHINGTON (AP) The Federal Trade Commission said it expects cigaret consumption for 1973 to show Hie largest yearly increase since the U. S. surgeon general warned of the effects of smoking on health. Since the figures were prelim- inary and subject to adjustment later in the year, the FTC did not interpret the estimated 3.8 percent increase in over-all con- sumption. B u t indications are that Americans smoked 5 to 8 packs more per person in 1973 than they did in 1972, despite the gov- ernment's best efforts to dis- courage smoking over the last 10 years. Americans in 1972 smoked nearly 201 packs per person, Deluding smokers and non- smokers, according to commis- sion figures gathered from ciga- ret manufacturers. The commission repeated what has become an annual rec- ommendation to congress, to re- quire cigaret packages and ad- vertisements to carry, "Warn- ing: Cigaret Smoking Is Dan- gerous to Health, and May iause Death From Cancer, Coronary Heart Disease, Chron- c Bronchitis, Pulmonary Em- ihysema and Other Diseases." commission also recom- nended requiring a warning on and ads for little year-end re- the commis- sion noted that experts have es- consumption was would over 1972 Arrangement of the Week" evaluation commandeered Surviving are tfrs. Clem Weis, noon at the Elks club. Ray Asn- manently with safe, sure elec- lock will speak on Lincoln and Cedar Rapids March beauty salon fourth the Civil war. Metro Kiwanis hundred persons were picked up In its required nort to congress, you to join this tour. 377-4858, The two top scorers will from submerged .towns in Graveside services will be 11 isolated area. The floods have drowned thou- Monday at Oakland ceme- Tuesday at 6 p.m. at the Koose- Rapids Kennel Assn. will show Rotary McGrath fill not be open and no visita- the film, "Inside 8 p.m will present the program Mon- sands of head of livestock and Wednesday at the REG building Tuesday Optimists Tuesday caused millions of dollars Friends may donate to the char- "Cable Television Parochi- Noon Optimists, Roosevelt hotel. Keen Teen room, YMCA, for a otal was 562 billion. Duff, of the public rela- tape presentation of Sturdi Houses sale on portable lions department at Norlhwes- buildings, answer lo your Burckes and a slide presenta- tion of the Waterloo Camera club. Best Rental Open 7-9 Week- days, 8-5 Sundays. Adv. SMULEKOFF'S Open Monday bership meeting Tuesday at delivered. Just off 1st Ave. East p.m. at the Roosevelt. of Sears. 393-4635.-Adv. acres of everything for the home treatments. 362-6769 P.M. the day preceding Complete new 1 operator Beau- H a w k e y e Toastmasters ty Shop Equipment. Cedar Rapids Beauty and Barber Sup- ply. 365-3314-Adv. Monday, p.m. at the Elks Ex club Tuesday noon and cancellations can be made club. Speakers will be Juan Cor the Montrose hotel. from 8 a.m. to 9 a.m., Monday Daybreak Optimists Mon- lez, Herschel Katz, Leon Sova, Rodee, of the joint county sch Leonard Tiedt, and Verne Haa- system, will speak about spec SUNDAY BUFFET Take it easy on Sunday and Join us for dinner after church. olio children's portions SERVING FROM P.M. THE LONGBRANCH SPREAl 90 Twlxt Town Road NE 377-638  nine jn.73 HAir UVIEII nan ALSO I2SO TO 6000 Diamonds From SMULEICOFF'S Jewelry Department FREE PARKING For Our Cuslomors, USD Park and Shop Plan   

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