Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 20, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa lloih Sides Sec, Some Problems (In Section A) Project Nol Cut, Officials Claim (In Section B) Section A Itain likely early to- day, diminishing this afternoon. Highs, up- per 30s. Lows tonight, 15 lo 20. VOLUME ie-NUMBEIt'll CITY FINAL 35 CENTS CKDAK HAI'IDS. IOWA, SUNDAY, JANUARY 20, IS71 ASSOCIATED 1'KKSS, UPI, NEW YOKK TIMES Police Capture Gunman, Free 13 HOUSTON (AP) A gunman who held 13 hostages in a super- market For 10 hours was cap- lured, Saturday night shortly after he made his getaway, po- lice said. i of, the' car and stuck their guns through a window at the gun- man, said was point- ing a gun to the head of one o! his hostages. "I stuck a'carbine in his car Police said the gunman, iden-j and mj, artncr had a pisto, ified as Wesley Earl Evans, 22, aimcd al his chcst. Wc him lo put down Hie lified a twice-convicted felon, captured on a dirt road just off a freeway north of downtown Houston. One of the three hostages (lie gunman had taken with him when lie fled (he Kroger supermarket in Norlh Houston was slightly wounded when she was hit as the gunman fired out the rear window of the car at pursuing police, of- ficers said. The two other hostages and the gunman were uninjured. The capture came not long after Evans and his three hos- tages had fled the supermarket in an unmarked police car pro- vided by authorities on demand of the gunman. Transmitter Police said they pursued the gunman and his hostages by fol lowing sounds from .a transmit- ter that had been hidden in the unmarked car. They said the car travelled on the freeway, then turned off on a dead-end dirt road. "He tried to back out, but he was boxed in by a police car fol- lowing a police inspector said. He said Del. Virgil Stone and another officer jumped out Stone said. He said Hie of- ficers and the gunman faced each other for about 45 sec onds, and then the gunman surrendered. Police had first said the gun- man was captured on the free- way, and then said it was at a hardware store. They later gave the dirt road location. They said the injured hostage, identified as Frieda Lummus was taken to a local hospital for treatment of a head wound, the third hostage was identified as Dianne Lewis. Previously Convicted Police said Evans would be charged with aggravated rob bery and aggravated kidnaping They said he had previously been convicted and served pris on sentences for auto theft ahc pulling a fire alarm withoui reason. During the lime between the supermarket getaway and the capture, police said the gunman used a radio in the unmarked car to say he had shot Doss and would kill him unless po- lice stopped the chase. The capture of the gunman (Continued: Page 3, Col. 2.) Floaf on World Mart PARIS (AP) The FrenchId'Estaing said France will government decided Saturday to shelter this reserve. conserve its reserves of foreign currency by in effect allowing the franc to float free, affected only by supply and demand. The move was motivated by concern over the crippling ef- fect of skyrocketing oil prices. Government spokesman Jean Philippe Lecat said the franc would be set adrift and the gov- ernment would not support it on international markets for the next six months. "Serious Drawback" In doing Ihis, it broke step with ils partners in the Common Market. Finance Minister Valery discard d'Estaing said this was "a serious drawback" which could not be helped. .Financial experts here said the action could result in a de facto devaluation of the franc against Ihe dollar and other cur- rencies if ils value dips marked- ly when markets open on Mon- day. The decision was taken at a hastily convened morning cabi- net meeting under President Pompidou. Like all major mone- lary decisions il was lakcn over the week-! end to discourage panic reaction on Ihc financial markets. discard d'Estaing said the cision was also prompted by France's belief that there was no hope for international mone- tary reform cither this year or next. F ranee's total gold and foreign currency reserves are billion. Was Committed By abandoning support for the franc for six months, discard i Chuckle About 30 years ago, most people though! television was Impossible. Now they're sure. Under an agreement reached with the U.S. and its Common Market partners last spring, France'was committed to per- mil the franc to float within a fixed margin up or down. Beyond this margin, the Cen- tral Bank of France had to in- tervene. If the franc was losing its value, France had to spend dollars and other foreign cur- rencies to soak up the unwanted francs on the international mar- Kissinger Begins Talks With Jordan's Hussein CAIRO (UPI) Egypt Satur- day defended its troop disen- gagement agreement against Arab criticism, and said it re- mains commitlicd lo disen- [Jdgemenl along the Syrian front, complete Israeli with- drawal from occupied Arab lands and ensuring the rights of [the Palestinians. A statement issued by me rab Socialist Union ijypt's only political party, said i c agreemcnl which was gned wilh Israel Friday is nol a separate Egyptian Israeli settlement." The statement was issued! tier an emergency session of he union's general secretariat. "The troop disengagement grcement is not a political ac- ord or a separate Egyptian set- Syrian capital, Sadat flew lo Ku- wait where he met with Ku- wait's ruler, Shick Sabah as- Salam as-Sabah. They sche- Flood' Debris Tctophotb Crewmen -for the Southern Pacific railroad began the long taslc of digging through tons of drift- wood and other debris left on fhe tracks near Pollard Flat, Calif., by the flooding Sacramento river. More than million worth of damage was done by the floods in northern California, Oregon and Idaho. duled another meeting for Sun- day. No Word There was no immediate word whether Sadat's efforts in Da- mascus on behalf of a Syrian scltlement were successful. A senior official accompany- ing Kissinger said he thought the Syrians "have not made a basic decision to discuss disen- gagement with Israel." He idded that Kissinger would igain try lo persuade Assad lo exchange lists of war prisoners with Israel as a first step to- vard such negotiations. Kissinger's last visit to Dama- the statement said. 'Egypt is fully committed to the ieparation of Iroops along the Syrian front, as a step toward :he withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Golan Heights." Jetted to Jordan Meanwhile, Secretary of Stat Kissinger jetted to the Jo danian resort of Aqaba on Sa urday lo inform King Hussein o h e Egyptian-Israeli disen gagemenl pact and discuss (h next moves toward permanen peace in Ihe Middle East. Kissinger emerged smiling scus, in mid-December, failed to produce the POW list exchange. Syrian leaders say it can come (Continued Page 3, Col. 5) SAIGON (UPI) Chinese air [sharp fighting Saturday that orce Migs bombed Vietnamese- jccupied islands of the disputed 'aracels group Sunday morning in.c! Chinese troops landed on he atolls, fighting broke out on t least one of the islands Robert and six South Viet- namese soldiers were killed and 6 wounded in the first minutes if Ihe battle, Saigon said. the sources in caused casualties on both sides and resulted in (he sinking of two Vietnamese ships and the "probable" sinking of a Chinese ship, spokesmen said. Vietnam ordered its big naval task force out of the Paracels back to South Vietnam following the battles, but replaced it with Robert, occupied by a small l.a SrouP illilia unit, is one of the wes- President Thieu abruptly (Continued Page 3, Col. 6) militia ernmost islands of the group. Troop Landing Military sources said four Migs made bombing runs on .hree islands, then flew cover 'or the troop landings. One of Ihc jets made a pass at Vietnamese navy ship trying to steam toward the threatened islands, driving the vessel away, the sources said. can- covered sandbar, the sources said. Military sources said a Viet- namese destroyer and an escort ship were knocked out by fire from Chinese ships, including Komar class missile boats. The Chinese made no mention Of ship losses and only said the Vietnamese killed and wounded an undisclosed number of esc fishermen. The Vietnamese also said an unknown number of from the the battle area, and two South Vietnamese soldiers were killed and two wounded, said Lt. Col. Le Trung Hien of the Saigon command. The South Vietnam- ese shelled the island after being pushed off of il, he said. Viet Wai-planes? Radio Saigon said in an un- confirmed "report that South Vietnamese warplanes took part celed a trip to the field lo were missing front-line troops and ships. in Saigon lo keep in touch with! Earlier a Chinese naval task the situalion, political sources said. Two Others In addition lo the one battle on Robert, Chinese and Viet- namese forces faced each other on two other tiny islands Duncan and Hoang Sa, scparal- The renewed fighting from Robert only by a water- force wilh guided missile battled South Vietnamese ships Satur- day in the South China sea. The Saigon command said a 60-man Chinese vessel was sunk and a So'uth Vietnamese patrol boat with 100 men aboard was hit by a missile and feared lost. Chinese and South Vietnam- ese also clashed on an island in (Conlinued Page 3. Col 2) 'rom his jet afler Hussein, fly- ling alone in a helicopter, buzzed (the aircraft in greeting as [taxied to a halt. Kissinger is seeking similar disengagement of Israeli anc Syrian forces on the Golan Heights front and plans to fly to Damascus on Sunday for talks wilh Syrian President Hafez Assad. President Sadat of Egypt, who rias pledged lo work with Kis- singer in gelling an agreement from Assad, flew into Damascus a day before Kissinger and met .vith Assad to pave the way. Afler nearly 10 hours in the Senafor Disowns Measure To Ax Official Limousines WASHINGTON (AP) Sena- tor William Proxmire has disowned the Proxmire an- ti-limousine amendment in the emergency energy bill awaiting final congressional action. H is not the Proxmire amend- Jails: Inmates Do Nothing By Dale Kuclcr "The worst thing about jails said the speaker in ref- erence to Iowa counly jails "is lhal nobody docs anylhing. "Inmales jusl sit there with nothing to do except think up new crimes lo commit." He went on lo say that al least 90 i of Iowa's county jails should The speaker was Bernard J. Vogelgesang. then a consul- tant to Ihe Iowa Citizens Council on Crime and Delin- quency. The year was 1964. The picture hasn't changed much. There is no recreation or re- habilitation available at the thin county'jail. The 50-year old structure is difficult lo keep clean and maintain. Linn counly Sheriff Waller Grant offered lo give the jail didn't want II cither. (Irani has had plenty of headaches with Ihc jail, He agrees il is not a very desira- ble place, but contends never- theless lhal It is among Ihe heller counly jnils In the, slnle. "You have a bunch of peo- pie (prisoners) over Ihcre who never picked up their clothes at home, and they are .very filthy on their personal hy- giene. And neither Ihc counly attorney, the jailers nor I can do anylhing about "I said the sheriff, "some of them you practically have to force to take a bath." The prisoners complain Ihcre are limes when Ihcy are nol allowed to clean up the jail. The sheriff says they do a poor joi) and would rather wade in Ihc dirt. Painl is peeling in many sections of the jail, bill re- painting is fulilc, Grant main- tains, because prisoners scrib- ble up Ihc walls. Since Grant became sheriff Jan. 1, 1965, there linvc been some two dozen escapes. Mosl Slave been work release wiilk- iiways, and several escaped custody trorn deputies. Seventeen days after lie look over, a prisoner sawed his way out of Ihe l.inn jail. Five days later, the new sheriff had a riot on his hands as Inmules scl fires and Hood- ed cells. On 28, 1965, two more prisoners escaped from Ihc Linn Jail A scries of stories on conditions at the Linn county jail is concluded loday. This story offers a brief summary of prob- lems and viewpoints ex- pressed in stories carried during the Week. On page (1 readers will find a slory on Ihc Clinton counly jail, which in nearly every as- pect presents a distinct contrast to the Linn coun- ly jail. The building is jusl four years old, se- curity is light and there have been no escapes dur- ing that period, and Ihe facility is clean. minimum security area of Ihc jail. Jailers say they went up the inside of Ihe chimney, but Ihe sheriff never bought thai theory. Another early 19G5 jail escape was foiled. The following year, a pris- oner punched his way through Ihe ceiling of Ihe female juve- nile cell. In 1970, a federal prisoner sawed oul of the jail and was followed by three others. Since then, two (rustics climbed the jail's oulsidc fence lo escape, and two others walked away. The most recent saw-out was lasl September. Sheriff Grant said all of Ihe escapees but one have been recaptured. Sheriff's office personnel disputed one claim by prison- ers that a Iruslie Icfl the jail for a period of lime, returned, and that deputies didn't know about il unlil the inmate's grandmother squealed. "We knew about said an of- ficial. The jail's population lias been declining steadily in re- cent years with more liberal pre-trial release policies ami the work release program for those, given u jnil sentence. Constructed to hold 72 pris- oners at capacity, Ihc jail now has an average inmate popu- lation of Chief Jailer Hoy Rosebcrry is one who thinks il would be unwise lo build a new county jail because of Ihc declining number of prisoners, lie favors a multi-county, region- al type facility. Sheriff Grant also leans to- ward a regional jail, provid- ing it is nol placed under Ihe direction of a superintendent but kept under Ihe jurisdiction of local judges. ment, but a "colossal he said Saturday. As passed by the senate last Nov. 16, he said, the amend- ment would have eliminated all but about 27 of the 800 govern- ment-owned chauffeur-driven limousines, heavy and medium sedans used by government of- ficials. Only the President, vice- president, members of the cab- inet, chief justice and elected be and Grant himself detests Ihe idea of placing drunks in Ihc jail. When everything is added up, the Linn county jail is hardly a winner. Perhaps it can be fixed up. Surely tfiu basement rats can be segre- gated and the place cleaned up. The food is good and il needn't be served in bed. Some prisoners are serving Jury Acquits Beckwith of Bomb Charge NEW ORLEANS (UPI) 3yron De La Beckwith, fried wice but never convicted of as- assinating civil rights leader Meclgar Evers in 1963, was ac- uitled Saturday of charges he arried a ticking time bomb inlo ew Orleans last Scpl. 27. Beckwilh promptly declared lis entire five-month ordeal was the result of a "deeply laid plot." Beckwith, 53, a Mississippi farm machinery salesman, was found innocent by an eight-man, four-woman jury after two days of deliberations. The Greenwood, Miss., resi- dent also faces state charges in connection with the case. A trial date on those charges has not leadcrs of congress would provided individual cars. Proxmire said the amendment came out of a house-senate con- ference with a "kicker" apply- ing Ihc restriction only to "type There have been complaints c" vehicles as defined in CJencr- aboul the availability of mcdi- Administration spc- big Flcclwood cal treatment for prisoners, j Cadillacs pound? or more. i lie said it exempted not only the cabinet, but Ihc FBI and on diplomatic assign- imcnls by the secretary of Sstate." "The 775 or so officials who are now chauffeurcd around in heavy (class 5) and medium c 1 a s.s sedans are not I Proxmire said. I H y exempting (here could even be an increase) in the actual number of ehauf-j sentences for breaking the fctired limousines, he said. law. Others arc wailing trial, j To pass an anti-limousine! All arc human. jamrniiiiu'iu that does nothing Most people would agree jails shouldn't be motels. Hut, if a nationwide survey is accu- rate, there definitely is a cor- relation between violence in )een set. "Well, of course it was the result of a deeply laid plot, ft had to Beckwith said. "But as was pointed out, there are people who are in high places who know how 'this came about." The government ntoimed dur- ing the week-long trial that Beckwith wanted lo plant Ihe dynamite bomb at the home of Adolph Botnick, regional direc- tor of Ihe B'nai B'rilh Anli- Defamation League. Beckwith, taking the stand himself, denied any knowledge of (he bomb or a map show- ing a route stopping two blocks from Botnick's home which reportedly was found on the front seal of his car at the time of his arrest. jails and !hc condition of jail facilities. about limousines would increase public doubt about government credibility, I'roxmire said. "It would be wiser lo kill Ihe entire amendment than to try to Today's Index SECTION A Laic Hews ............J, 3, 18 Dufllhs 3 Editorial! i Rcnort Carrt 1? City Hall Notes n SECTION B News ......1-11 Frank Nvo's Pnlilical Nolei 6 Television Table Marion B Food Building ..............11-15 MovlDl Record Reviews U Form ............18-1? SECTION C Social Around Hie Town New Books Travel SECTION D Sports Outdoor Iowa Fmr.ncial New York Stocks Want Ads .....IJ-J Crossword J) Parade Manailna 1-1} Comics ..............M fool Ihc American lie I added.