Saturday, January 12, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Page: 8

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 12, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa lclu* (teclur- llnpub (IbtjcvH’t* Editorial Page Saturday, January 12, 1974 MIT I'M" 1 ii i i h i iv ^•^* :,::: - ::> w : * :,! ^* :M ^^ i8; fflfflfry^^ Why police grumble S" ,s ■ SEVERN YEARS AGO, police officers were the most adamant of all Cedar Rapids city employes clamoring for pay raises Then, faithful to the squeaking-wheel-gets-grease adage, the city council began a series of increases which was to boost the starting patrolman’s pay a total of 63 2 percent bv the beginning of 1974. Yet the men in blue are still grousing. What’s more, they have embraced a gentle but amply visible means of protest: filing citations under state statutes so that fine monies go to Des Moines rather than into city coffers. All of which may prompt the average taxpayer to join councilmen in wondering if local officers would be happy with anything short of the moon. But there is a .flip side to the police pay record, as was vividly shown in Gazette Reporter Mike Deupree’s extensive examination of police salaries and fringe benefits throughout Iowa (City Hall Notes, Dec. 30 and Jan 6). A rookie policeman receives $743 monthly (compared to $455 in 1967), third highest in the state. But after that auspicious start, the Cedar Rapids police officer faces a pay increase schedule which is a good deal short of enriching. Top base salary for a patrolman here is $815 monthly, So, to frame an example: A five-year veteran receives (exclusive of overtime) $815 per month, plus an extra $12 for longevity. His $827 thus is just $84 more per month than is received by the officer with little experience beyond recruit training. Thus, despite the relatively attractive starting wage, veteran patrolmen actually are paid at a rate placing them somewhere below tenth best in the state. Promotion offers an escape from the pay schedule bind. but an officer is not eligible for civil service promotional examinations until he has served three years Since the exams are given every two years, some officers must stay patrolmen nearly five years before having a chance for advancement. Police sergeants enjoy a salary scale only slightly more favorable than that of patrolmen. Officers in upper echelons fare somewhat better. (For example, Cedar Rapids police lieutenants an fourth in base salary but seventh statewide in maximum pay.) A look at the police department roster shows why most employes are disgruntled. Of the city’s 142-person law enforcement staff, 94 (92 patrolmen and two policewomen) hold the rank of officer. Barring promotion, they are subject to the pay restrictions of their rank bracket. Dissatisfaction over pay could be lessened, it seems to us, if the safety commissioner and city council were to plan a widening of the gap between veterans’ pay and the beginners’ wage (an obvious recruitment cosmetic). For a valid model, the council might like to consider the state highway patrol’s pay spread. State troopers start at a meager $658 monthly ($85 less than Cedar Rapids rookies), but six-year veterans receive $994 per month (approximately equal to the base pay for police captains here). This is not to say police in Cedar Rapids are underpaid. Nor do we imply that there exists a magic pay-plan wand which the council has yet to find. Stretching budget dollars among 950 city employes is a mighty tough job. The point is that something is amiss when widespread grumbling follows years of ostensibly fair salary adjustments Councilmen apparently must themselves turn sleuths to find a solution. No favor ANEW YORK state assemblyman, Andrew Stein (D-Manhattan), says New Yorkers are losing millions of dollars each year by joining bank Christmas clubs, which in New York pay an average of 4.5 percent (compared with 5 percent on ordinary accounts). If Stein gently chides banks for paying Christmas clubbers 4 5 percent, imagine how harsh he might be with savings institutions which pay no interest on Yule accounts but nonetheless act as if they are doing a big favor by maintaining the accounts. The New York assemblyman commendably is seeking legislation ensuring a fair interest rate for all Christmas club savers. Iowa legislators, take notice. Solzhenitsyn's triumph Kremlin time-bomb rn fneW Avat-w Wm. wmmmfr. THE preside*r, ROCHESTER ?... f WON PC K WHATME warn J lf You VE vor po PAY PACK TA XES AKC You aOSN\ mNl-fin poor Uh.u.-;,r By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON - Without oily doubt ih<> bravest living man iii the world today is Alexander I Solzhenitsyn lie is in a class with .loan of Are and Martin Luther and is far more fearless than tile German generals who dared to try to assassinate Adolf Hitler In Ills explosive expose of tin 1 Soviet police-state terror, which has already taken tin' lives of at least 14 million of its citizens, Mr Solzhenitsyn is saying to the Kremlin, and to the Soviet people (when foreign broadcasts bring his message to them) Give Russia liberty or it will die. Mr Solzhenitsyn is, of course, insane — in the view of the Soviet regime Any Soviet citizen who criticizes the leadership thereby shows himself to tie insane What dire punishment awaits Solzhenitsyn remains to be seen He may be silenced bv death or exile to one of the Siberian prison camps he so vividly describes. But his voice will never be silenced from here on. He has written it down in 260,(MMI words — his own experiences in the detention camps with all their terror Practicality, nostalgia blending New hope for the iron horse By Tom Wicker "PSSEX .U NCTION, Vt. - The old ^ railroad station here has been converted into a hank, and only one small portion of the building is still being used by Amtrak, the national rail passenger service. But the other night, that tiny room was crowded with travelers coming to the end of their Christmas and New Year's holidays and heading for home Only a minute or two behind schedule, Amtrak’s southbound Montreal-to-New York and Washington overnighter appeared far up the tracks The massive blast of the diesel horn has replaced the old steam whistle, of course; otherwise it was a scene out of Thomas Wolfe, a memory from a long ago time. The people waiting by the tracks, the clouds of steam rising in the winter evening, ears dashing recklessly over the trade crossing just ahead of the train—it also was a new and exciting moment for two young boys, one returning to Washington, the other seeing his friend off It was not commonplace in their lives. as once it was in those of another generation, to watch the lighted windows slide past, the people seated in the diner, the conductor leaning from the cars. The long train grinding to a halt at the i> surelv going to bt* at least a momentary pausing in its romantic trip to glamorous, distant places, is a sensation that hu-. been lost at the airport (which offers a different kind of excitement). But one result of the gasoline shortage is surely going to be at least a momentary resurgence of train travel—all too often an American horror in recent years. when it was available at all, but once a comfortable, economical, efficient and sometimes elegant means of getting about. Tram travel is still like that in Europe and .Japan, and it can be here, where Amtrak has been slowly reviving it. The gas shortage may be the final development needed to turn a sizable number of Americans back to the trams, which can carry mon* people for less fuel than any other vehicle. The waiting crowd at Essex Junction probably was not typical The Montreal to-New-York route through Vermont —with other stops at Waterbury, Mont pelier, W'hite River Junction. Bellows Falls and Brattleboro—is ideal for the vacationers who throng this state from the New York area. It i*- even something of a revival of the old ski train, with its convivial bar and convenient route to resort places. But Amtrak has reported encouraging growth in daily passenger traffic on all its major lines, including long haul routes in the West. Measured from a five-week period rn November and December. lf)72, to the comparable period in 1973, these gains*—37 percent on the New York-Bast on run, for example, 30 percent on the New York-Washington Metroliners, and even 13 percent on the long New York-Chicago trip—seem mostly attributable to the gasoline shortage. They were achieved despite the facts that Amtrak still does not have sufficient modern equipment or operating capital; that it operates over trackage owned by railroads that give first priority to freight Tom Wicker hauling; that the on-time record of Amtrak consequently is not yet good enough on tin* established Metroliner runs. and that winter weather and outmoded equipment have combined in recent months to cause serious breakdowns and delays Of course it is too early tit draw final conclusions, but daily passenger traffic growth on Amtrak this winter is the second strong.suggestion that Americans are reacting to the gasoline shortage in way s that may have lnqwrtant long-term effects Already, they have turned their backs on Detroit's standard gas-guzzling monsters to such an extent that hig-car production has been sharply cut back and the manufacturers an* predicting substantial and permanent shifts into sinai 1-car production This should complement the embryonic return to train travel. Small cars arc wonderful for city and suburban use and fuel economies, but they are not as well-suited to long family trips over the interstate system, with great loads of luggage. skis, dogs, etc. On the other hand, the airlines—themselves hit by the gasoline crisis and mothballing many of their aircraft—are best adapted to relatively long range intercity travel. This combination of circumstances, together with a general decrease in the number of airline scats likely to be available, seems bound to produce, at least temporarily, a continuing increas< in rail passenger travel on relatively shorter intercity and regional rout *s-—Boston-New York, for example, or Chieago-St. Diuis— and even some longer routes, such as New York-Miami. If that happens, the shift in travel habits netsl not bo temporary Impressive traffic gains are what Amtrak needs most—to improve its profit picture, to enable it to improve station, baggage, meal, tn keting and other services, t< demonstrate to congress and the White House that rail travel is a vital puhlu service, to wrest from them more capital and modern equipment, to demand higher priority for passenger trains over freight, possibly even to divert highway funds into new lines and improve roadbeds MI that may yet Im* a pipedream, lf tin sheiks open the oil tap a little, maybe \mericans will flock back to the high ways as fast as they can But at Essex Junction the other night, to one who well remembers the good old days of train travel, its revival seemed at las? to Im* a real possibilify N I'H folk limes SP' /I '■ and brutality plus tales of 227 other iii males of the Soviet prison system This is Alexander Solzhenitiyn s hold and spine-stiffening bequest to hi* fellow Russians - a gift of courage with which to say to their oppressors Liberty shall prevail His monumental work, "The (iiilag Archipelago", is a powerful weapon — a time-bomb planted not just under a few Soviet leaders but under the whole Soviet police stati* It will go on ticking and ticking and ticking. It will never stop until it has served its purpose It is now evident why the Kremlin hoped thai Solzhenitsyn would go to Sweden last year to accept the Nobel literary prize. They wanted to get him out of Russia voluntarily and then keep him out on the ground that as an exile his forthcoming expose could be more easily smeared. They knew what was coming because the KOB had obtained the one copy of his manuscript he had entrusted to a Russian friend by so brutalizing her that she committed suicide. The Kremlin has good reason to be worried "Gulag”, which is a Russian abbreviation for the "administration of tin* collective-labor prison system,” is a direct, explicit and total challenge to the very life of Soviet communism. Nikita Khrushchev sought to separate Soviet communism from the horrors of Stalin and argued that Stalin’s crimes were those of a paranoid dictator run amuck. Solzhenitsyn shows that massive police-state repression was present at the birth of the 1917 Russian Revolution and was practiced, advocated, encouraged and justified by Lenin himself. The Kremlin seeks to dismiss Stalin's massive liquidations as departures from normal Soviet communism — all in the past. Solzhenitsyn documents the fact that such police-state repression began before Stalin and continued long after his death, with only a little abatement in recent years He proves that repression is not a departure from Soviet communism but is vital to its very existence. This is why "The Gulag Archipelago” cuts so deep into the bone and marrow of the Soviet regime. The Kremlin can’t accept the truth that Lenin exhorted his colleagues to employ merciless terror, arid maintain the myth that Stalinism was an excrescence that never belonged to Sov iet communism It can’t accept the truth that lawless repression is the natural accompaniment of communism and retain the working loyalty of its people which it crucially nt*eds to survive. The Kremlin is in a considerable dilemma It can’t Im* sure that the thrust and substance of "The Gulag Archipelago’’ will not in* widely circulated in the Soviet underground press It can attack the book but it won t dare specify what it is attacking That would reveal too much. Ii can silence Solzhenitsyn by death, which in itself would Im* a revealing admission But it can’t silence Solzhenitsyn’s message Like Martin Luther, he has nailed his truths on the door of the Kremlin Like Juan of Arc, la* will never recant Los Angelet Times Syndicate People 's forum Bungling To the Editor; Between the corporations’ resource-grabs and financial shenanigans in our economic-industrial complexes, it is not surprising that interest rates, taxes, the cost of living and mate rial shortages continue lf this type of action were pursued bv individuals not of the proper political or academic schools, even though they accomplish the same things, netting the same disastrous results they would tx* categorized as stupid incompetents Therefore they should immediately be severed of all connections with the economic structure of the Ended States, due to their bungling management On this course*, wealth and power soon would wind up in the hands of these uneducated dolts, resulting in rapid ruination of this country. In which case the old pros, politicians and academicians, would discontinue just debating and agreeing about the illegality and unconstitutionality of these* manifestations, yet continuously alibi or cxe'usc the actions You had belter believe they would be* right there, with the proof and peiwer, to legitimately and constitutionally eliminate those uneducated ignoramuses from ever again having the* opportunity to se» completely seduce the country into such a lethargic state- 1976 be*ing e>ur 200th anniversary date-all this country ne-eds is a “damn good” study of our Constitution, which has served us well for all these years The* Constitution does not need changes to conform more tei the other countries I>e*t them le*arn ours By so doing they could also enjoy and appreciate it as all good Americans do. With proper time spent studying the Constitution and all the- garbage that has be*en misconstrued (for personal gam) as constitutional by laws or ordinances that actually conflict with or disregard the individual rights of the people, we would get at least a good start at the bottom of the pile of rtit that has caused this decadent condition of our moral arid ethical way of life Like any good cleaning out, it would give us an opportunity to discard that trash and set a new and clearer heading, reestablishing those truths and fundamentals that were inherent in our bumble beginning That would Im* the best 20<)th anniver sury celebration this country of democracy could have And the* bes? birthday present possible for all 200 million Americans An opportunity to once again tx* a country of the people, bv the- people and for the people Walter I, Joy 4505 C Avenue NE Religion day To the Editor World Religion day Jan 20 is sponsored by the United States Baha i com munity It is intended to proclaim the oneness of all the great religions and to emphasize- that religion is the motivating force that will eve ntually prompt the- establishment of [M ace- upon the planet. 'I he eve nt is now c elebrated in the more- than 5,000 communities throughout the country where- Baha’is currently reside More than a century ago. Haha u Hah, the prophet-founder of the Bahai’i faith, established as the central principle of his religion, the truth of the* oneness of mankind ll*- taught also that re ligious truth has been revealed progressively since the* beginning of time, and that his was the most recent in the- serie s of never-ending divine* revelations Today the- w or Hi of humanity is in need of international unity arid conciliation To c’stablish these gre at fundamental prin e ipies a propelling powe*r is needed It is self-evident that unity <»f the* human world ariel the- "most great (M ac e* cannot iw* established through political power for the political interests of nations are* various and the policies of peoples are divergent and conflicting They c annot Im-found through racial arid patriotic power for these are* human powers, sedfjsh ariel weak The very nature of rat tai differenc e s and patriotic prejudices prevents Hie* realization of this unity and agreement Therefore it is evident that the* promotion of the- oneness of the kingdom of humanity, which is the* essence of the* teachings of ail manifestations of GchI. is irs impossible* except through the divine |M»we*r and breaths of the Holy Spirit The* Haha i faith originated in Persia in IH44 It now ho*' followers in more than 300 nations and territories cif the* world The- world ce nter of the Haha I faith i> loc ated un Mount < armet in Haifa Israel Beyond skin-deep *7*211 Meta i Molm •e cmd avenue Si I Message from moon To the Editor As these strange people l«M»k upon us we sec that they are very violent They c reate violence*, the y destrov the v kill, and they criticize' These strange people are* the* potpie on earth They send people to our planet the- moon They M*e*k water, land and air We* hie! all of the*s» so that our lanel won’t I'm* mined of its miner als ii ippe*d of its coal and pumped of its oil We ti ie! our water so they won t pollute* it run sewage in it, and so the y will not harm our fishing habitats We hid our air so they won’! destroy its beautiful smell ane! wonderful views with their factories, smoke, e ars trucks je ts and buses We hl<i all these because we* know what will happen We sat bac k and watt lied man destroy his planet and his self Ye*s, the strange- pimple are* the* intelligent human beings of your mossed-up e arth Terry Hawkins 4H’2 Eighteenth street Marion Anti-ugly bias shown By Don Oakley A FELLOW in Fort Worth, Texas, has ** formed an organization called "Cellos Unlimited" to fight a different kind e»f discrimination “The blacks, the Chicanos and the American Indians have all had their day in the sun ” says Danny McCoy “Now it's time for the* ugly people ’’ Mel 0) is compiling a list of employers who advertise for ‘‘attractive’* secretaries and hostesses and the* like* Ills group, which has a couple* hundre*d membe rs and is growing, recently picketed an airline* in Fort Worth for allegedly discriminating against ugly potpie* in their ads and application feirrns Che* situation may e*ve*n Im* worse than the* ugl les of Uglies Coll rutted claim In a study conducted at Iii** University of Michigan law se*hool, 91 undergraduate stude nts acted as jurors in a mock automobile negligence trial that had hee*n recorded on ta|M As thoy listened, pho-tographs of a defendant arid plaintiff appeared on a screen Kerr some of the* jurors pictures of an attractive plaintiff and unattrac tive* defendant were* sheiwn, while* the* proe*ess was reversed for a second group As a “control" concilium jurors saw no photos at all. In the* case where the* plaintiff was attractive and the defendant unattractive. 49 percent e»f the* jurors gave* a verdict favoring the- plaintiff By cemtrust, only 17 pere-en t of the* jurors favored an unattractive plaintiff, while* 41 pere‘cut of the control group found for the* plaintiff whose photograph was riot shown The average* damage award fe»r an attractive plaintiff was $11,900; for the unattractive* plaintiff it was only $3,690 Whe*n no photos were* shown, the inners awardee! damages averaging SK.flOO In a Similar didy at the* Unive-rsity of Maryland, a professor of psychology fpund that a physically attractive* woman has a beater chance elf receiving a light senle*ncc for a criminal conviction than an unattractive eerie Dr Harold Kigali conduc ted a mock trial before* 60 male and female student* A third of the jurors was given a photograph e>f a gen cc) looking defendant in a burglary case, another third a phee-lograph elf a less attractive* woman The* remaining control group was given no photograph On (tie* iwisis of the same* evidence, the jurors gave the attractive defendant a sentence averaging 2 H years, while* the* Jess attrac tive woman was sent to the c link for a term nearly twice as long Now that’s discrimination I nltriirKf Awk lotion s