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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 12, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Warmer through Sun- day, ixws tonight 4 lo 8 below. Highs Sunday in teens. VOLUME 92-NUMBEIU war CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CliDAIt KAl'IDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, JANUAHY 12, 1974 ASSOCIATED HKESS, UP1, NEW YORK TIMES Scrutiny of Energy by Four Unit WASHINGTON (AP) In- tense congressional scrutiny ol the energy crisis appears in the offing, with four committee: planning hearings. The senate permanent inves- tigations subcommittee w i 1 begin its hearings Jan. 21, the day congress starts its new ses- sion, Chairman Jackson ID- said Friday. Officials of the seven largest U. S. oil companies will be ques- tioned at the hearings, Jackson said, in "an in-depth congres sional investigation to deter- mine whether there is in fact an oil shortage." A house committee, a unit o: the senate-house economic com- mittee and a senate foreign re- lations subcommittee also have announced they will conduci hearings to try and get informa- tion about the situation. "Total Lack" "There is a total lack of pub- lic confidence in the oil in- dustry, in the federal agencies regulating the industry, and in the validity of the spiraling costs of gasoline and heating Jackson commented. "People are not going to make sacrifices unless they gel some honest, factual, straight- forward answers about the ex- tent of the shortage and who is benefiting from the shortage." Meanwhile, the Federal En- ergy Office delayed issuance of its final petroleum allocations, and Attorney General Saxbe said the justice department is investigating major oil firms. Hearings will be held nexl week by the house small busi- n e s s select committee. A number of government and in- dustry witnesses are slated to testify. Simon and Nader A subcommittee of the senate- house economic committee wil hold hearings Jan. 14 and 21 with energy administrator Wil- liam E. Simon and consumer ad- vocate Ralph Nader 'among the first witnesses. A subcommittee of the senate foreign relations committee plans a probe before the end o! the month of the role of multi- national corporations in the en ergy crisis. The FEO announcement thai its final petroleum allocations will not be issued until Tuesday, four days late, means there wil! be no transitional period for dis- tributors and the public to gel accustomed to the new rules. They are to take effect as planned. Householders who heat will oil will be expected to lower their thermostats six degrees starting Tuesday. In other build ings heat must be reduced 10 degrees unless savings can be made some other way. Crash Course Representatives of trad groups will come to Washington for a crash course on the paper- work of the new rules, FEO of- ficials said. Going into effect Tuesday wil be regulations covering gaso- line, middle distillate oils in- cluding home heating fuel and diesel fuel, and propane gas. Regulations covering distribu (ion of crude oil, aviation fuel, (Continued: Page 2, Col. 6.) Today's Index Church 3 Comics................... Courthouse 2 Crossword............... Dnlly Hccord............ 2 Deaths 2 Editorial Features Klitnncliil 10 Marlon I" Movies 5 Sports 7.8 Television 8 WnnlAils................10-11 -Gaielte Ptiolo by L. W. Ward le It may get colder, but Cedar Rapids experiencing the coldest day of the winter so far Saturday and the coldest Jan. 12 on record here. This is a cold look toward downtown-Cedan. Rapids from the Naval Reserve building grounds on Wenig road NE at about the time the official temperature at the airport was 26 degrees beiow zero. Included in the scene are the power plant'and Quaker.- Oats........ Soviets Wil I Delay Taking U.S. Wheat WASHINGTON (AP) The Soviet Union has agreed to help try to ease the threat of rising bread prices in the U. S., the agriculture department reports. Officials said the Russians have agreed to delay taking 18.4 million bushels of American wheat until after this summer's harvest. Bakers have claimed that, unless the government imposes strict export controls the cost of a loaf of bread could soar to a loaf. Assistant Secretary of Agri- culture Carroll Brunthavcr said he was pleased at the Soviet decision but he declined to spec- ulate on what effect it would have on bread prices. He said he did not know if the decision was. prompted by de- partment requests to the grain trade. He said so far no other countries have indicated that they would postpone deliveries. Fuel Rise for Construction SEATTLE (AP) The Feder- al Energy Office has promised the construction industry 10 per- cent more fuel than it used last year, induslry spokesmen say. Shouldn't Make Taxpayers Foot Bill for Nixon Defense: Saxbe WASHINGTON (AP) Attor- ney General William B. Saxbe says the taxpayers should not be forced to finance President Nixon's defense if he is im- peached and brought to trial in the senate. Saxbe said Friday that it would be improper for lawyers on the government payroll, in- cluding those in the justice de- partment, to represent the Pres- ident in any impeachment trial. If the accusations "proceed to impeachment, I think at that time there will have to be set up an independent he said. "I think there would have to be established a defense fund." Saxbe left open the possibility that justice department lawyers might play some role in repre- senting Nixon during early stages of impeachment proceed- ings. But he said he considers it unlikely they will do so. Scope "Suppose the only grounds they come up with for impeach- ment are that they don't like him. I think then obviously it would be within the scope of the justice department to represent the he said in re- Iowa's 37 Below, Minus 26 in C. R. a Record Cedar Rapids Anyone who stepped off an airplane at the Cedar Rapids airport about 8 a.m. Saturday and was convinced Ihe pilot made a wrong turn and landed in northern Alaskan couldn't be ulamed loo much. The thermomcler at the air- for Cedar Ra- a record 2G do- jrccs below zero at U o'clock, wo degrees colder than the prcr vious record low on Jan. 12, sel n 1912. Coupled wllh Ihe frigid tcm- icralurc was a genlle 4 mphj irecxe Ihat moved Ihe wind 1 factor lo Ihe neighborhood of minus 30, In comparison, temperatures n Ihe last 24 hours in Fair- innks. Alnskn. ranged from 20 lo 32 below. A bit south of Fair- aided by friendly ocean Alaska, basked in above-zero warmth ranging from 12 lo 19 degrees. The Deceptive Cedar Rapids picture isn't really ns bad as it might appear, however, since temper- atures recorded at The Gazette were substantially warmer than airport readings. At 0 a.m. Saturday, for ex- ample, Ihe downlnwn tempera- ture had reached ils 24-hour low of 10 below. The thermometer started lo move up for about an hour, Ihen dipped again by mid- morning. lowans generally awoke lo n tContinued: Page 2, Col. II.) sponse to questions at his first news conference since taking of- fice a week ago. "If on the other hand it's based on indictments or solid charges of criminality, I think then you have reached the point where you're getting beyond the scope of his duties as President." But he said lhat if the case reaches the senate, "for what- ever reason the justice department is out of it." Saxbe said "it would be a mistake" for the house to vote impeachment on grounds that Nixon has lost the nation's con- fidence. The Constitution pro- vides thai a President may be impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors, and Saxbe said he believes thai probably would require evidence of an indict- able offense under criminal law. Up to Courts But he said it will be up to the courts to judge. He reiterated his pledge of in- dependence for the special Wa- tergate prosecutor, Leon Ja- worski. He said thai, if prosecutors develop evidence against N'ixon, it will be up to Jaworski and U.S. Dislrict Judge John J. Siri- ca to decide whether lo present it to a federal grand jury or to Ihe .house committee consider- ing impeachment. But he said "there's a serious question" whether a silling Oil Fire Is Controlled PORT NECIIES, Texas (AP) A roaring (ire that spread to six oil storage tanks and threat- ened lo consume a large pe- trochemical complex was well under control early Saturday, officials said. Firemen said four tanks had burned themselves out and a fifth was nearly out. The sixth continued burning. A Mobil Oil Co. spokesman estimated that barrels of oil had been consumed. A barrel is 42 gallons, President can be indicted prior to impeachment. On other subjects, Saxbe en- dorsed legislation to protect in- dividuals from invasion of pri- vacy by the government and private business. He gave no de- tails of the proposal he favors. FBI Program He promised a public report after an internal investigation of an FBI counter intelligence pro- gram against the New Left movement. The operation was ordered by the late Director J. Edgar Hoover "to expose, disrupt and otherwise neutral- ize" the New Left in 1968 and terminated by Hoover in 1971. Saxbe defended the justice de- partment bargain that allowed former Vice-president Agnew to escape a prison sentence. "Mosl of those same people who say he should have been given 20 years are the same ones who bellyache about giving a guy six months for Saxbe said. 34 Officers SI am in 1973 Suspension o1 Defect Order Won by DETROIT (AP) Genera Motors has won a temporar restraining order suspending National Highway Traffic Safet Administration order tha owners of old Cadillacs b notified of an alleged steerin defect. The agency ordered GM Fr day to notify the owners of 195 and I960 Cadillacs that a defei had been detected. It "urged GM to recall th autos, but the company said was convinced m such .defec exists. GM immediately went into I S. district court, contending th agency study included no ver fied deaths or injuries resultin from the defect in the mor than 20 billion miles the auti have been driven. GM conlended that any loss c control at low speeds would n be dangerous to drivers an passengers. It also complaine (Continued: Page 2, Col. 5.) Henry Talks With Sadat; Onto Israel j By United Press International i Secretary of State Henry Kis- singer vbited relics of ancient Egypt Saturday, then met with j President Anwar Sadat, trying speed disengagement of raeli and Egyptian troops ong the Suez Canal. Kissinger and Sadat met in ic garden of Sadat's villa at swan overlooking the Nile. The iceting was relaxed and cor- al, with Ihe two exchanging uips and laughing. They had let for 90 minutes Friday eve- ing immediately after Kis- nger arrived from Madrid. Kissinger left Aswan for srael at 4 pm. the Middle East ews agency said. "Extremely Good" It quoted him as saying hi; alks with Sadal were "ex- good" and he was plan- ing to return to Aswan after alks with Israeli leaders. "I came here lo exchange deas with our. Egyptian friends nd we will make a major effort make a big step forward on road toward peace in the liddle Kissinger said on rrival in Aswan. Egyptian sources said hi irought a delailed plan to en< he stalemate. U.S. officials sail was guardedly optimistic c success. The Israeli command reporte ank, artillery and mortar due1 on both the Egyptian and Syria fronts Friday, wounding tw Israeli soldiers. Air of Hope Egypl has its Second an Third armies on the east ban of the canal and Israel has force surrounding the Thir army near Suez City. Despi the truce agreement signed both sides, there have been spt radic incidents of gunfire since the cease-fire. Kissinger's arrival in Egyp which has conducted an ant American foreign policy eve since the Soviel Union steppe in to finance the Aswan dam and hydroelectric plant afte the U.S. backed out in the mid 1950s, was met with an air hope. "The only hope left is wh Kissinger is bringing with him, wrote Ihsan Abdel Koddous, ed tor of the Akhbar el-Yom. Sadal said during a pictun taking session, "We greet D Kissinger as a friend." TUNIS (AP) Presiden Khadafy of Libya and Bou guiba of Tunisia decided Satu day to unite their countries in one republic with a single pre ident, it was announced. It will be called the Ara Islamic Republic. A referendum to approve II decision was set for Jan. 18. WASHINGTON (AP) There were 134 law officers killed by criminals in the U. S. last year, the FBI reported Friday. FBI Director Clarence Kelley said this was the largest number slain since his agency began compiling figures in 1961. There were 116 killed in 1972. Kelley said the total included 131 local, county and stale law officers in the U. S. and Puerto Rico and three federal law en- forcement officers. Of Ihe total, 124 were slain through use of firearms, 90 of these with handguns, the FBI said. Reformer Slate Sets Off Democratic Tiff Mills Says Back Problem Mends KENSETT, Ark. (AP) Uep. Mills (D-Ark.) his back problem won't affect his politi- cal future because it's nearly cleared up and he is working at full slcnm. WASHINGTON (AP) Dem- ocratic party leaders are, seek- ing to block approval of a slate of five reformers proposed for the 17-membcr panel that will monitor compliance with re- vised reform rules in 1067. Opposition to the slate, pro- posed by the head of the com- mission lhat drafted the revised rules, surfaced from virtually every faction at Friday's meet- ing of the party executive com- mittee. Critics said it was unrepresen- tative and key party officials had not been consulted. Several leaders said organized efforts are under way to per- suade a majority of the 73- member commission to reject the filale proposed by Chair- woman Barbara Mikulski. If it is approved, they said, an effort is likely lo be made to ex- pand the panel when the execu- tive committee mcels Feb. 28 and Ihe full Democratic national committee meets Mnrch I. The panel will supervise sta efforts to meet the revised nil in an effort to head off a repi tion of the mass ot credentia challenges that marked the 19 convention. Mrs. Mikulski, as she prefers lo be called, defended her choices and said, "1 don't think the burden should fall on me to make the whole balance" in the panel. National Chairman Robert Strauss, saying he was "mod- erately concerned" rather than angry or alarmed, said the com- position of her women, including a black and a Puerto Rican, and one Saudi Says They Court "Disaster" azette Leased Wires Saudi Arabian Oil Minister icikh Ahmed Yamani warned aturday thai any attcmpl by ic world's oil consumers to irce a showdown with Ihe oil reducers would end in "dis- ster." The worldwide energy crunch orsened in Holland, where mo- irists were limited to four gai- ns a week under rationing im- osed Saturday, and in Greece, here, the price of premium asoline jumped to ?2.10 a gal- n, a Western World record. Yamani, speaking at a news onferenee in Rome, said he did ot want to comment directly on le Feb. 11 oil summit called by resident Nixon in Washington ecause any comment could be nterpreted as interference in le internal affairs of the U.S., lurope, Canada and Japan. "All that we are concerned and we hope it won't appen is thai the consuming ations won't form a bloc that vill.have any sort of confronla- ion with the producing coun- ries because then a disaster will occur for the entire Yamani said. Third Stop Yamani and Belaid Ab- iessala, Algeria's energy min- ister, held the news 'conference at the end of two days of talks on the Middle East and oil situa- tion with. Italian officials. They left later Saturday for Geneva, third stop on a European and. Asian tour. The Saudi minister said his talks in Italy had been fruitful and he expected Italy to an- nounce outright support of Arab demands tor Israel's total with- drawal from territories oc- cupied in the 1967 war. Yamani said that by openly jacking the Arab demands, 'Italy will'have a better oil pic- ture as far as the supply is con- cerned both in the short term and, it is hoped, in the long ,erm." Venezuela said it planned a 'urther increase in its oil prices Feb. 1. The world's third largest oil exporter, it nearly doubled the price of its oil, most ot which goes to the U.S. East Coast, on Jan. 1. Breaks with Decision The announcement broke with a decision by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Coun- tries, of which Venezuela is a member, thai il would freeze oil prices until April 1. The official Algerian newspa- per Al Moujahid charged that the U.S. was resorting to "gun- boat diplomacy" in calling for a conference of major oil-consum- ing nations. "Washington would like to set- tle the oil crisis using economic blackmail, reprisals and pres- the paper claimed. "'i'.ut gunboat diplomacy or the policy of economic blockade can, in the end, only be detri- mental lo he who launches it." Ignores Proposals Al Moujahid ignored Washing- Ion's proposals thai underde- veloped countries and the oil- producing nations eventually be brought into the consultation process. The proposed conference "is meant to create a rich man's club, united and powerful, to face the underdeveloped it claimed. II, predicted that Western Eu- ropean countries "will not be able to permit themselves the luxury of taking part in a petro- leum summit which will subor- dinate them lo their North presents problems for him in American ally." picking the five persons lie will Alex Seith, a Chicago attorney who is commission vice-chair- man, urged Mrs. Mikulski to withdraw her names and join wllh Strauss in seeking to draft a representative 10-mcmber slate. i Chuckle To the older generation, the most delightful thing about a popular song is knowing Ihnt it can't lust long, -cmwriniit
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