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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 9, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Cloudy tonight, cliuuce uJ light suow. Lows zc'ro lu 5 bduw. Chance ul snuw Tliurs- duy, highs around 10 above. VOUIMK 01 NUMBEIt M5 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAIt HAl'IDS, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Nixon Papers Say Gifts Not Factor in ITT, Milk Actions SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) The White House says "tradi- tional political but not campaign contributions, influenced President Nixon's 1971 decision to boost milk price supports. It kept the lid on tapes and documents involved in the incident. Acknowledgement I hat poli-1 tics figured in the controversial' decision was made in one of two "while papers" issued Tuesday to counter charges that con- tributions swayed Nixon in the: milk case and in an anti-trust .suit involving International Telephone Telegraph Corp. Although the While House at expressed hope he and a federal grand jury "will respect the confidentiality of these malcri- The Key Arguments carefully prepared and detailed "white papers" made these key arguments in defense of Nixon's conduct: Milk prices. Under Democrat- ic leadership, congress was about to pass a bill ordering higher price supports, and Nixon "could not veto it without alienating the farmers an es- sential part of his political con- stituency." He knew of prom- ised campaign contribu- one lime considered making lions from (he three largest public summaries of tapes and I dairy cooperatives bul did nol papers bearing on the two discuss them with dairy leaders cases, it said such a step was or with advisers who helped him vetoed because Nixon feels reach his decision, strongly about maintaining the ITT. Nixon intervened only once in the ITT anti-trust case, after former aide John Ehrlich- man told him the justice depart- ment was about to act contrary to Nixon's personal philosophy. He withdrew the intervention confidentiality of files. presidential The tapes and documents al- ready have been given to Spe- cial Watergale Prosecutor Leon Jaworski, and the White House SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) A weary but determined President Nixon marks his 61st birthday Wednesday, bent on yet another attempt to put Wa- tergate behind him. With his so-called "Operation Candor" apparently wrapped up in the form of Tuesday's "white papers" on the ITT and milk price support controversies, Nixon was described as ready to begin emphasizing his leader- ship rcle and his talents at statecraft. What could be a make-or- break effort on Nixon's part is expected to emerge most forcer fully in his forthcoming State of the Union blueprint for the na- tion's future and in diplomatic initiatives to grapple with the energy crisis on an international scale. Signs of Fatigue the possibility of a Nixon resig- nation should scandal continue to dog him, they express con- fidence he will not quit. An assistant who almost always echoes Nixon's sen- timents declared: "Year of Attack" "He's nof going to permit the government, himself and (he ex- ecutive branch to become con- sumed by Watergate. No Pres- ident has ever gone through a year of attack, or pressure, like this past one. We've had a year of it, and 'enough is enough. move on." Another predicted Nixon will "hit the boards running" with his State of the Union message and other moves in the weeks just ahead. Yet Watergate does remain close to the forefront of White House thinking. "Nobody's hiding from The President's associates! aid a man who is vcry dosc'to agree he was w o r k e d very hard during his California slay, 'now in its 14th day. Several ac- the President. "It's staring us right in the face." One aide said the President is knowledge that he is showing that the Democratic signs of fatigue. "He's getting tired, but he can pace himself. He knows when he's one aide said. Another reported Nixon has been getting little rest and even less recreation here as Southern party establishment, liberals in general and importanl elements of the news media are making a concerted effort to destroy him. This source said that Nixon em- phasized the belief in table- thumping staff meetings shortly California is suffering through he flew here Dec. 20. cold, stormy weather. Although some aides confess! Sound Health to discussing among themselves i Although Nixon's doctors say his health is basically sound, the past year of intense pros- two days later after John Mit- chell, then attorney general, reasoned that otherwise Erwin Griswold might resign as solici- tor general. All this took place before ITT pledged financial support if the 1972 Republican national convention were held in San Dicgo.'Calif. The two While House stale- merits, made public with scant advance notice, apparently ended the so-called "Operation Candor" disclosures that began with the release last month of Nixon's tax returns. Aides said they knew of no further state- ments concerning Watergate- related mailers. Ralph Nader and others are suing Nixon, contending he in- creased milk price support in return for in campaign donations from the three biggest dairy co-ops. The milk case statcmenl said "Ihere was no mention of cam- paign contributions" at a March 23, 1971, meeting of Nixon and dairy leaders. The White House said later that day Nixon met on the sup- port issue with seven advisers and "the political power of the dairy industry lobby" was brought to the President's alien- lion. House Backing II said he was lold that legis- lation to .increase .Ihe supporl level had the support of House Speaker Carl Albert (D-Okla.) and. Chairman Wilbur .Mills (D Ark.) of the house ways and means committee, "two of the most powerful legislators in the country." John Connally, then secretary of the treasury, was quoted as saying dairy votes "would be importanl in several Midwes- tern slates" and that the in- dustry planned to contribute to 1972 congressional campaigns. "Neither the secretary nor anyone else, discussed possible contributions to the President's said the White House. The 17-page statemenl said further that the President be- lieved a 1971 increase would preclude one in 1972, "thus hold- ing the price line for two years." an- Thc statement included statistics to show thai higher supports acta ally resulted in greater milk production and a conscquenl 1971-72 slackening in a long- (Conlinued: Page 2. Col. 3.) Higher supports were nounced two days later. Price Hike, jOil ProducersjGfeS GiS I Freeze Price! Until April 11 GENEVA world's j najor oil supplying nations de- idcd Wednesday to freeze the rice of crude oil at present j evels until April 1. I By Ilamly Minkolf "There will be no increase or] DES MOINES (UPI) Gov. ecreasc in the price of crudcjHobcrt D. Ray Wednesday Wounded Knee Defendant Tcleuhoto Dennis Banks, left, an American Indian Movement leader, is escorted fo federal district court in St. Paul by another AIM member. Banks and Russell Means, also a leader of the organization, are on trial for their participation in the occupation of Wounded Knee, S.D., last ysar. Fumes from 'Spare' Tank Overcome Family in Car By Ford Clark IOWA CITY A Sacramento, Calif., family was overcome by gasoline fumes on intcrslate 80 early Wednesday morning, forc- ing them to take shelter in a stale rest stop. Carl Kaefring, his wife, Sally, and their four young children were traveling east when Kaef- ring said, "I suddenly noticed The motorist then drove the1 Kaefring family into Coralville. The incident was reported lo the Johnson county sheriff's department because the fami- ly was overcome by gasoline fumes from a spare gasoline tank Kaefring installed in Hie trunk of liis car. By Roland Krekelcr Two Linn county deputy sheriffs have qualified to re- ceive food stamps through the county department of social ser- riccs. One of them, Gene Parks, 25, family's distress. Sheriff Gary Hughes, when scat next to me. "When I turned my head, I felt dizzy myself." Kaefring said he pulled off the roadway and then noticed "all of our children also seemed to be sick or something. Our 4-j "if the driver had been over- year-old vomited on the back [come by the fumes, and (his can I who completed two years' ser- It was this homemade ,in September qualified He has a wife and an constructed by Kaefring, soll and a ion lo his full-time patrol post with the my wife slump sideways in the was lcaking fumos> causing formed of the incident, said, "The family is very fortunate. A spark from the car's electrical The other, Sgt. David Reid 33, Who has been with the de- partment nine years, qualified NEW YORK (AP) The stock market continued lo fall sharply Wednesday amid what] Kaefring said he saw a high-jbeen equally disastrous. equipment could have caused ajWednesday. He also has a wife disastrous explosion. a 16-month-old son. Both said they applied be- cause deputies' efforts to get ad- equate lhappcn, the results would havelCClu.ac -ihonn onnallv rlisacfrnus." .making retary of Stale Kissinger will leave Washington Thursday night lo visit Egypt and Israel, the Western While House an- nounced Wednesday. At President Nixon's direction close associate. He added: "I don't know how the hell he's done it, bul he's hanging in there. Most any other guy would widely watched Dow Jones average of 30 industrials, down more than 15 points on Tuesday, its largest loss (Continued: Page 2. Col. 2.) the announcement said foldcd_aJongJimc ago. gcr will make the trip "lo as- sisl the parties in the negotia-; lions on the question of scpara- j lion and disengagement" ofj their forces in (he Sinai desert, and along the Suez Canal. j raises seemed lo be no headway. Their Poinl said. "The pninl we arc get across is that even ic years' experience, a carjseven of them as commander, I wrapped the children in a car with a homemade gasoline tank am no[ cnough to pay il until April Iran Finance flimsier Jamshid Amouzcgar old newsmen. Amouzcgar made the stalc- nent following a five-hour Oil Conference Set for Fob, 11 SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) President Nixon has invited the foreign ministers of six major oil-consuming West- ern European nalions plus Japan and Canada to allend a Feb. 11 Washinglon meeting on global energy problems, Ihe White House announced Wednesday. .of ministers from the 2 member stales of the Organi- .alion of Petroleum Exporting Countries which to ;elhcr supply 85 percenl o world oil imports. The ministers, who began meeting Monday, debated the possibility of curbing crude oi costs by 6 percent and holding talks with Ihe big Weslcrn oi consuming nalions on price fix ing. Amouzegar said after Tuei day's session thai Western gov ernmenls should cut fuel sales (axes and limit oil company earnings to 50 U. S. cents a bar- 'cl (42 gallons) to protect (he average consumer. U.S. Prices The Nixon administration )lans to keep the price of do- mestic crude oil at its present cgal ceiling of a barrel, 'ederal energy chief William Simon said Wednesday. Simon said the government's irice controls on petroleum lave been a stabilizing influence n keeping prices from reaching vhat he called "emotional lev- els." He said the per 'bar- rel price for domestic crude oil s satisfactory at present. "I see no reason why that price has lo be lifted in the near called on U.S. Ally. Gen. Wil- liam Saxbe to investigate allega- tions that major oil companies illegally hoarded, fuel oil lasl winter. Ray, in a letter lo Saxbe, al- so called for a thorough probe of recent gasoline price increa- ses, saying the oil companies should present evidence to show why they need higher prices. Ray's Idler comes in the wake of testimony in 'Washing- ton which indicated that oil companies may have stored 13 million barrels of oil last !win- .er when Iowa was experiencing a severe fuel oil shortage, Ray said the attorney gen- eral's investigation could lead lo a courl suit based on charges of violalion of anlilrust laws or charges of (Continued Page 3, Col. 6) No Hard Evidence Ray said his office has not any "hard evidence" of hoarding by oil companies, jut said the lcstimony-in Wash- ington gave ample reason for the state and federal govern- ment to make an immediate fol- low-up investigation. The governor said he look the action after meeting with Rich- ard Lebe, a special consultant from la senate subcommittee on integration of oiJ( :and his. iwo ;op energy advisers, State ogist Sam Tuthill and Com- merce Commission Chairman Maurice Van Nostrand. In the letter, Ray said (he slate has monitored the inves- tigation of Hie authenticity of Hie fuel shortage led by Sen. Frank Moss (D-Ulah) and "we are willing lo take those actions available to us as a state lo determine lite legality and ethics of the be- havior of major oil marketing companies which might have been involved in any contrived shortages." Ray said he also would dis- cuss the situation with Iowa Ally. Gen. Richard Turner lo determine what exact role Ihc (Continued Page 3, Col. 5) Indiana Loyalfy Oafh 8 J WASHINGTON (AP) Politi- cal parties may nol be barred rom state ballots because they lo sign an oath rcnounc- ng violent overthrow of the lap robe and a blanket. About 45 minutes later a passing motorist noticed the Kaefring car parked had been reported lo his expenses." The previous volvcd a station wagon owner more than a month, fell another at an odd angle in the rest slop jwho had constructed a gasoline points by ia'ay to 2 p.m. Wcdnes-jwith the rear right door open to; lank which he placed on Ihc lug- the below zero temperatures. rack on top of his car. See Wheat Pine Reid, who lives in Cedar Rapids, grosses a year and has a take-home pay of a year. He said that ievcn if he gets a ?60-a-month '.rates he has been promised, he :still w'll be eligible for foodj stamps. "I'm worse off than 1 thought." he ,said. government, the supreme court held Wednesday. The courl made Us long-held distinction between a belief in the efficacy of violent overthrow and an advocacy of violent ac- tion. The mere belief is constitu- tionally protected, the court re- iterated, in tossing out an In- diana loyalty oath that was challenged by the state's Com- munist party. Signal Supporl? Powell, in an opinion joined by Chief Justice Burger and Justices Blackmun and Rchn- quisl, said the loyally oath should he invalidated because it was not required of Ihc Iwo major parlies and thus denied the challengers in the case, the Communist parly of Indiana, the equal protection guaranteed by Ihe 14th Amendment. The court has previously held that advocating violent over- throw of the govcrnmenl in the abstract fell under constitu- tional protection. IJallot Access Hrcnnan noted that the court had previously dcall with the A unanimous court said a re-jissm, of ]oyalty oaths in the fusal to take such an oath does j arcas Of employment, the not necessarily signal supporl of practic.c Of iaxaiion, WASHINGTON (UPI) on hand to carry the na-four months is 390 million bush-; Government officials said, His eligibility for food stamps controls on wheat ex-1 lion into the summer. els. Current supplies total 678-ordcrs that would be delayed be due heavily lo medical Index arc if tllc Unih bakers' spokesman ex-.million bushels, of which 497jbecause of export restrictions j expenses, which have been con- ed Stales lo avoid a that historically the u.jmillion are committed to of supermarket bread has had an abundant nalions. That would ,.7D 3A 71) 3A 3A 8A this spring Ihe wheat. But he said Ihe rc-'leavo only 181 million bushels Bakers Assn. said Wednesday. serves 'ago when "If restrictions arc not a nugc ;imounl nf s were depleted 18 months i available, less than half what he I'hen the Soviet Union i.s needed. I posed immediately bread pur u. S.i CD !shortage seems likely and many; 81) I housewives could well be paying 51? j a dollar per loaf by laic 8C a spokesman said in wheat because of crop. Comics Courthouse Crossword....... Daily Record Deaths [editorial Features Farm Mnuncial Marlon......... Movies .Sncicly Sports ..................IH-5D I by bakers lo air thoir position. until June when (lie ncwjc'vcn depend on that." Stnti; ...................1C-3C The government has S. wheat crop is Television j asked wheat exporters lo slow j the nation would be faced with! Want Ads............IOD-131) overseas shipments voluntarily I serious shortages. He stressed that could be filled after June wheat! iSiderablc. His son has been sick a lot and his wife has been in IUI clIIU III harvesting begins on what is peeled lo bo a record 2 billion His family will pay bushel 197-icrop. mcnth to receive worth of Urges Delay III, lil'l Wttl HI I'll- (if 'he agriculture a poor Soviet believes that a lot of wheat agl.jcimurc ;is out there so called export whcnt are The uproar in the baking .stamps, a net gain of a wheat without export designated country will really come back He said that unless exports al-jinto the domestic the ...10IM3I! advance of a news conference'ready under contract are dc- spokesman said. "But we can't liven hv hiilrort: In :iii' Ilicir nrvcitinn t.........I.-., il... during Ihe next few months loi lie said the minimum U. S. okay once we gel into new make sure there are Miflincnl wheat needs during Ihc next wheat" during the .summer. Government Contracts we'll be ment being urged privately lo hold down foreign deliveries until the a tjmc. 197-1 harvest begins. Richard E. Bell, deputy assis-j lant secretary for inicrnationri! affairs and commodity pro- grams, said no agreements havu boon made and that he month for food. He said he will be purchasing Ihc stamps on a weekly basis because he cannot afford to buy more than that all unlawful action. Thus, continued Justice Bren- bul said it never before consid- ered a loyalty oath case limiting nan for the court, the may not use such an oath to, the court in burden access to the ballot. II r c n n a n s opinion was joined by Justices Douglas, Stewart, White and Marshall. Justice Lewis Powell agreed with result of the court ac- Ncl Benefit Parks will receive' a net fond benefit of a month by paying for woilh of stamps. lie said he is dedicated to his lion but found ills own, more narrow ground. Chuckle lioss to secretary: "This let- ter, Miss Smith typing, ex many contexts has held thai Ihe First and 14lh Amendments pro- hibit statutes regulaling ad- vocacy when (hey are nol limit- ed lo banning action. cellcnt; punctuation, perfect; spelling, superb. Jusl one thing wrong, It's not what I dictated." .-CouvrinM in other action, the court: Held thai a group of tlissnlls- .ficd passengers in Georgia had no right to sue Amlrak to pre- vent discontinuance of t r a i scrvica. Il said in a 7-1 decision that only the allorney general and labor unions hud Hint right. Unlidd, 0 to 3, a federal law Pago 3, Col. 3. fol 7) barring addicts with two prior felony convictions from re- habilitative treatment rather than imprisonment under Ihc Narcotic law.
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