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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Cloudy (onighl, chance of light snow, low around zero. 1'urt- ly cloudy Wednesday, highs 10 (u 15. VOLUMK 91 NUMBKll 301 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CKOAIl HAIMUS, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YOUK TIMES WASHINGTON (AP) The supreme court Tuesday nar- rowed the scope of a judicial device that allows suspects in criminal cases to suppress evi- dence that police have gathered illegally. By a (i-3 vote, il trimmed the controversial exclusionary rule a major source of complaints that criminals go free on techni- calities. In other decisions Tuesday the high court: Ruled 5-4 that an individual using stolen credit cards cannot be charged with mail fraud merely because credit compa- nies bill customers through the mail. Ruled S-l that workers who strike over safety conditions in mines may be required to sub- mit their grievances to arbitra- tion. The court held that prosecu- tors may summon witnesses be- fore grand juries and demand that they answer questions based on evidence police have gathered in unlawful searches or seizures. The decision dealt only with the grand jury question, leaving intact the effect of the rule when defendants, reach trial. Fourth Amendment The rule forbids use of.evi- dence or fruits of evidence that have been gathered in violation of the Fourth.Amendment proh'i- b i t i o n against unreasonable searches and seizures. The rule was established by judicial decision to prevent un- lawful police conduct by deny- ing law enforcement machinerj the results of that .conduct. The majority, in an opinion written by Justice Powell, main- tained that the rule would have no beneficial deterrent effect h" grand jury proceedings. "Such an extension woulc More Storms Softer Southern California helping each other, shoveling LOS ANGELES (AP) Stormy weather continued to pound southern California Tues- day, snarling traffic, downing power lines and isolating entire communities in the snowbound San Bernardino mountains. But a brief respite from the five days of storms was predict- ed for midweek. The National Weather Service said there will be a decrease in rain and snowi head- Most residents were tucked out paths. The biggest concern is power failures." A Red Cross shelter in Town Hall bar in Crestline has been set up to serve the people who live in a scries of WASHINGTON (AP) Surg- small communities strung 30 ing food and fucl costs drove miles along the crest of the San j Bernardino mountains, from Co- ,i dar Pines park to Lake Arrow- ward m December, closing the year with the worst over-all yearly rise in a quarter cen- ,1 (Pholo on Picture Page) Telenhalo A traveler at London's Heathrow airport opens his lugqage on orders of a policeman backed by troops and a Saracen armored car. deter only police investigation consciously directed toward tin discovery of evidence solely for use in a grand jury investiga Powell wrote. Same Vote Tuesday's decision follows one last month involving the exclu sipnary rule. In that case, b> the same 6-3 vote, the court hel that any evidence turned up by police when they make a searc incident to a lawful arrest is us able in court. When a prisoner about to b taken into custody is searched the rule does not apply to wha is found, the court held in th earlier case. Joining Powell in the majority Tuesday .were Chief Justice Burger and Justices Stewart, White, Blnckmun amlRehnmi'sl. The'rule was first applied in federal courts in 1911. It was ex- tended to state court proceed- ings in 1961 in a famous case en- titled Mapp vs. Ohio. Brennan Dissent In dissent, Justice Brennan declared: "For the first lime, (he court discounts to the point of extinction the vital [unction of (he rule to insure that the ju- diciary avoids even the slightest appearance of sanctioning ille- gal government conduct." (Continued: Page 2. Col. 1.) BULLETIN BRUSSELS (AP) Pres- ident Nixon is, inviting the leading industrialized coun- tries" of the non-Communist" world to Washington next month for a conference on oil supplies, an authoritative source said Tuesday. By Jeffrey Mills WASHINGTON (AP) The Federal Energy Office has jegun looking into rumors that corporations are stockpiling oil and hoarding fuel despite na- tionwide shortages. Officials said Monday they are investigating possible petro- leum stockpiling by the oil in- dustry and possible fuel hoard- ing by the nation's railroads and trucking firms. They said there ivas no evidence so far to sup- port the rumors. The office sent telegrams to the nation's railroads and major trucking firms.asking for date on fuel slocks. Numerous Rumors The requests were the first in what a spokesman called an ef- fort "to se if there is any hoarding going on. We want lo check it out, because there are numerous rumors around." The office also asked major and independent oil companies to submil data on production and stockpiling. Until now the agency has re- ceived its data from an oil in- d u s t r y trade organization. Gerald Parsky, aide lo energy chief William Simon, said the office wanted direct data from the companies so it could per- form its own analysis. Parsky mentioned rumors of oil company stockpiling but added, "We have not seen any evidence lo indicate more than normal stockpiling." The oil company data should j start coming in within a regulations, is subject to while information from department railroads and truckers was due few said. "I am talking not only about price-gouging of study before results which employ available, a spokesman gimmick to Criminal, what is in fact a higher As the energy office moved against possible hoarding. Ally. Gen. Saxbe threatened criminal and civil action against gas station operators who illegally require customers to buy for gasoline he said. Meanwhile, an Associated Press survey showed about 700 commercial airline flight departures were eliminated on Monday as a result of fuel items as' a condition for ing officials said the latest "It should be clearly did not appear to stood that any operator, much of a problem. where in the country, who daily departures tempts to raise his prices slightly more than 10 percent than the level he can the total have been can- under current federal since the energy crisis Wat er qate Trio Due Jf" Ffc B A A 8 SEW rffe fa Kay B WW rOf r Of WASHINGTON (AP) ff of appeals. G. Gordon Liddy, is Cuban exiles whose arrest a term for contempt of Democratic national and has .an appeal of his headquarters was the start of the Watergate case are conviction pending. uled to be paroled .March Suit The U.S. Parole Board the senate Water- Monday to release them rnmmiifpn returned to iegan, the Air Transport Assn said. Some industry sources said .had as e'Fle'cT'bn .raveling than (he fuel shortage. In related developments: Simon asked 26 major oil companies to provide fuel oil to small, independent distributors who normally get their supplies overseas. Simon said supplying he fuel at reduced prices would prevent the independent compa- nies from being driven out of usiness. President-elect Carlos Andres Perez of Venezuela said oil 'will be a political weapon for Venezuela through which we vill make ourselves heard by he industrialized nations of the world." Venezuela is the second -anking supplier of oil to the United States. An Associated Press survey the federal prison camp at Eglin airbase, Fla., after they have served about 15 months of their cne-to-four-year sentences for burglary and wire- conspiracy, tapping. Eugenio Martinez, Frank Stur- gis and Virgilio Gonzalez, all from Miami, were the lowest! ranking of the seven men origi- court to get its civil suit againsl President Nixon moving toward a decision. Committee lawyers filed a brief contending jurisdic- tional problems had been solved by an acl of congress and asking the courl lo begin consideration of Hie legal issues raised in the committee subpoc- u, na of White House tapes, nally convicted in the Watergate chjcf Dislrict judgc Jolin conspiracy. Bernard Barker, E. Howard Hunt and James McCord are free on bond pending outcome J. Sirica, who dismissed the sui on jurisdictional grounds Oct (Continued: Page 2, Col. 5. through Friday, but by then another storm system could move into the area. The region, which normally has a mild winter climate, has been buffet- ed by storms since Friday. Officials have declared snow- bound sections of the San Ber- nardino mountains a disaster area and kept a round-the-clock vatch on the situation in Los ngelcs county, which was pul ndcr a "limited emergency." Scores Evacuated Scores of residents of slide hreatened areas in Riverside San Bernardino and Los Ange es counties were evacuated t Cross and .other emergenc centers. But officials gave as surances there was no threat t life and the evacuation was precautionary measure. The storm, which has dumpe more than seven inches of ra so far in the Los Angeles are raised fears of heavy floodin and more rock and mudslide The rainfall is almost twice t! seasonal norm. Gale., warnings were.. hoist along the entire southern Ca "ornia coast as winds gusted 35'-miles per hour mowed trees and power lines. Sheriff's officers said an timated stranded trapped on snowbound Inti state 5, the state's major norl south freeway. Road ere' worked through the day usi four-wheel drive vehicles to pu showed around that some the country hospitals were ex- periencing difficulties in oblain- ng certain items, especially those made of plastic. Some reported they might have to switch back to glass for such things as syringes. No hospital r e p o r f'c d stockpiling goods against future shortages. Meanwhile the airline in- dustry warned the government Tuesday to halt the soaring price of jet fuel or the price of airline ticket would be beyond the reach of millions of Americans. In a letter to Simon, the Air Transport Assn. (ATA) said the shortage of jet fuel could result in a billion price increase in 1974 for the airlines. ATA President Paul Ignatius told Simon that price rises may be an effective way lo hold persons in about 350 afely in their homes, living n provisions they've stocked. u t there are emergency uses. Several heart patients had en taken down to San Bernar- on four-wheel drive vehi- es. Many families have run ut of food. Many telephones :re out of service, and people cive found. themselves strand- d in their homes without heat communication. Some of the randed people were Los Ange- s residents who had gone, to abins for the weekend lund they were marooned. and tury, the government said Tues- day. The Bureau of Labor Statis- tics said the December season- ally adjusted increase of 2.2 percent pushed wholesale prices in 1973 to a level 18.2 percent higher than a year ago, the >iggest one-year increase since 10 31.7 percent in 1946.. Wholesale price increases sually are reflected quickly at ic retail level, but not ncccs- arily all of them. Consumer irices have been rising at an nnual rate of more than eight "People are just beginning to ealize we have a aid Mrs. Kit Harder, who se .p the shelter. Report Nixon Planning New Staff Shakeup SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) President Nixon is planning another post-Watergate reor- ganization of his domestic poll- eymaking apparatus, adminis- tration sources say. The revamping was prompted by the installation of Vice president Ford, who has been promised a major role in do- mestic affairs, and the immi- nent resignation of presidential aide Melvin Laird. A major aim of the new Nixon away the snow and free the staft plan is to sort out and lercent. The year's over-all increase meant it costs to buy he same amount of wholesale goods that purchased in 1907, the base year for record- keeping of prices. Less Than August The 2.2 percent seasonally ad- justed increase and the 2.5 per- cent rise on an unadjusted basis in December were not close to record increases recorded in August, but were still high by trapped cars, officers said. Power Cutoff The wind and short-circuits caused by water leaks into un- derground cables were blamed for a power cutoff of several hours to some residents ofj sections of Los Angeles. A California highway patrol spokesman said patrol cruisers led convoys past mudslides in sections of Topanga canyon, near the scenic Malibu coast. A major traffic snarl also ensued when a 20-foot stretch of pavement collapsed on the Golden State freeway just north of Hollywood. Nearby a mudslide caved into a home, trapping a man asleep in his bedroom. Authorities said he was rescued uninjured. San Bernardino county of- ficials said they had received reports that about resi- dents of mountain communities in the Running Springs, Crest- line and Lake Arrowhead areas were short of food and without heating fuel. "No Hysteria" A sheriff's deputy said: define the responsibilities of Ford, Director Roy Ash of the Office of Management and Bud- gel and Kenneth Cole, executive director of the Domestic Coun- cil. (Continued: Page 2, Col. 2.) "There's no hysteria. They're Short Term Laird was recruited by Nixon last June to serve a short-term appointment as chief domestic policy adviser, following the resignation of John Ehrlichman. Sources said Ash discussed the new setup with the White of staff, Alexander Haig, during a Saturday meet- ing here. Ash returned to Wash- ington Sunday night without sc-a- ing Nixon. One official said there was no significance in the fact that Ash and the President did not meet. He added- that, from a public relations standpoint, it probably would have been better had Nixon taken the time to see the budget chief. Another source said Kenneth Clawson, deputy director of communications for Ihc execu- tive branch, joined the presiden- tial party here last week to dis- cuss reorganization of the ad- ministration public relations staff. Zicglcr Change? Reduction Hint Today's Index ...17 3, IS ,...17 Comics Courthouse Crossword Daily Record Deaths Kdilorlnl Features Farm Klnnnclal Marlon Movies Society Sports Stale Television Want Ads....... WASHINGTON (AP) The j Monday. Federal Aviation Administration j quickly an action plan." may recommend sanctions, in-j Still Tentative 8 ........13-15 .........-I, 5 .........10 (1KNEVA (AP) The price of Persian Gulf oil could drop as much as G percent Feb. 1, because of the niw strength, the Iranian finance minister said Tuesday. j Arr.ouzegar pointed nut for nc-.vsmsn thai, under oil Hie posted price for oil. on whHi prcdtrinR inations calculate Ihc tax that j buyers must pay, rises and falls under a formula lied to the strength of the dollar. The lower price would affect Ihi! U.K. nnlv purliiilly, since only nlimil 15 to 211 percent of petroleum cnnsump- iion on Middle lOnnt cil. eluding denial of landing rights, I against foreign airlines that ro-j fiise to tighten security against rights itself but can recommend The FAA cannot deny landing terrorists. such action to the Civil Acro- Thc possible action is an out-jnaiilics Board, which controls arowlli of the firebombing of a j airline routes. Pan American World Airways Butlerfield said Ihc sanctions jetliner in Rome last month and arc Btin the, tentative stage, the subsequent hijacking of Stagi no decision has been made on whether lo recommend them. Lufthansa airliner by five Pal- estinian terrorists. Thirty-two declined lo go into detail on persons, many of them Ameri- cans, died in the incident. "The Home incident was1 not taken llRhlly by Hie I'residenl, by the department of Iranspor- thc sanctions under consider- ation but said: "We could say they (foreign airlines) must comply with cur Fccurily regulations in talion or by the Alcx-ieounlry or they don't come in; ander Hullerficld, FAA adminis- or we could say they have to in others, or we don't let them in." Most other countries do not lave as stringent anti-hijacking regulations as does the U.S., but most foreign airlines comply with the U.S. regulations in this country, although they arc not required to do so. Possible Retaliation Since many of the European airlines are state-owned, deny- ing landing rights In them would put pressure on their govern- ments to tighten up their airport security measures. Butlerfield said some officials, in Ihc transportation depart- ment arc afraid Ihc sanctions would do more harm than good, There have been recurrent j rumors that Ronald Ziegler I might relinquish his title as lake retaliatory action secretary and concentrate U. S. airlines. The FAA has been watching the current terrorist attacks and has launched a review lo sec what more can be done to beef up U.S. security, Buttcrfield said. on other responsibilities. Zicgler, Haig and Secretary ol ncknowl- readicst State Kissinger arc edged to have the access to the'President. In fact Nixon has spent little time will- any oilier aides or officials last thing we'd do is sinw flying here Dec. 20. Irator, .said in an lower our security standards in this he said. "As long as aircraft hijackings in one form or another arc occur- ring around the world, and as long as weapons that could be used in hijackings are being picked up at the boarding gales, we will not consider any changes." The U.S. has not had a suc- cessful hijacking in more than :i intcrviewTomply sysiennvide, in cau.sini! olhnr countries to year. His only announced conversa- tions Monday were with Haig and Zieglcr. Arriving here for staff meet- ings related were Cole to reorganization and presidential historical standards. A 2.2 per- cent monthly, rise, if continued :br'i2'Thohths, is an annual rale of 26.4 percent. Wholesale prices rose. percent seasonally ad- justed and .5.8 unadjusted in August. Chairman Herbert Stein Of the President's Council of Eco- nomic Advisers said higher prices for petroleum and other energy products ac- counted for 40 percent of the wholesale price increase in December. "We are now going through an essentially one-time adjust- ment to higher energy prices and we are still making an ad- justment lo relatively short food Stein said. "These which are producing such skyrocket- ng prices, will come to an he added. Stein said that while higher energy prices were a major fac- or in the. increase in the De- cember index and have been a iroblem all year, "these in- :reases were essential to max- mizing imports and domestic production in a time of short- age." Expects Slowing He said when the current round of price increases for pe- :roleum- and energy supplies nave ended and when the food supply catches up with demand, the rale of inflation will slow sharply. Thereafter the continuing rate of inflation will depend upon the more basic forces of the total demand for output and the rate of growth of our total capacity to Stein said. Wholesale prices, which fell in September and October, began climbing in November as the inflationary effects of the fuel shortage and the Arab oil cut-off began lo show their impact on the economy. Farm Products Prices of farm products, pro- cessed foods and feed reversed a three month decline and rose sharply in December by 1.4 per- cent, the report said. Consumer foods, those bought by suppliers ready for the su- permarket, rose 0.5 percent on n seasonally ndjusled basis and showed a 1.3 percent rise before (Continued: Page 2, Col. 1.) counselor Ilryce Harlow. Artist Dies LONDON (AP) Paul Moth- uen, 87, one of the most prolific painters of his generation, died Monday in the city of Ualh. Toddy's Chuckle An engagement ring Is often a down payment on a wife-In- surance policy. cwwinhi
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