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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 1, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 'So they were wrong about how close ft would too' Editorial Page x, Januaty I. Humanizing overdue TYRUNKENNESS no longer will -L' be a crime in Iowa if the state legislature passes the pro- posed uniform bill on alcoholism. The measure, a product of ex- tensive brainstorming among in- terim house and senate com- mittees, is given good chances for survival. Ample publicity has shown how the so-called decriminalization of alcoholism would foster a more humane attitude toward those afflicted, as well as improve the alcoholic's recovery chances. Much less attention has been given the possible roles cities and. towns might play in the establish- ment and support of detoxification centers. Because alcoholism falls mainly under state and county purview (as do most welfare-type Iowa municipalities generally withhold financial support from commissions on alcoholism. To spend local tax monies to fight al- coholism thus would mean double taxation for town residents. So goes the argument, anyway. Would passage of the bill on al- coholism make it easier for cities to participate in the rehabilitation effort? The question was put to Rep. Joan Lipsky (B-Cedar a leading advocate of al- coholism reform legislation. If alcoholism were decrimin- alized, the first result obviously would be an end to police en- forcement, said Mrs. Lipsky. Then cities might find it more appropriate to support detox- ification facilities in lieu of the old-time police station drunk tank. Mrs. Lipsky said such support should go beyond the mere pump- ing of money into the effort. "Ci- ties should become involved in some way such as detailing one or two persons for work and thus supporting alcoholism programs by salary." An excellent good, in fact, that it should impress city officials who for years have rejected requests that they allocate state liquor tax refunds for alcoholism rehabilitation. (The Cedar Rapids city council is a charter member of the reluctant company.) Municipal support of detoxifica- tion facilities needn't take a hefty portion of a city's liquor tax re- turn. But involvement nonetheless would be very visible, very posi- tive and totally in concert with ci- ties' increasing involvement in so-called "people programs" (including urban renewal and Thus the uniform bill on al- coholism would do more than diagnose heavy drinking as an ill- ness. It would encourage a broadening of the campaign to further humanize treatment of al- coholics (while holding them still responsible for offenses beyond the .mere act of becoming Clearly, the measure deserves the legislature's support. Trouble with assuming OF ALL the canons of jour- nalis.m, none pays larger rewards for fealty, or exacts heavier penalties for dis- obedience, than the intrinsic truth never assume anything. A dispute between AFL-CIO publications in Iowa and Texas reinforces the commandment. November's issue of the Iowa AFL-CIO News carried a dump- Nixon editorial written in Archie Bunker-ese by the publication's editor, Dick Greenwood. An unidentified photo of Carroll O'Connor, who portrays Bunker on TV, accompanied the unsigned editorial. Fred Cervelli, editor of the AFL-CIO Labor News in Texas, reprinted the editorial, adding O'Connor's byline. "It had his (O'Connor's) picture, so I as- sumed that he had written Cervelli said. He accepted part of the blame, laying the rest on his counterpart for he (Cervelli) called "a very clever 'deception." Deceiving the presentation was, though obviously not intentionally so. The Iowa editor assumed that, Incumbents worried O'Connor photo notwithstanding, readers would identify the writing as the publication's own work. Since a fellow editor was fooled one wonders how many readers thought the actor had penned the anti-Nixon blast. Trouble could have been averted had the editorial-plu.s-photo layout carried a clarifier such as, "here is what Archie Bunker might be saying What makes the publishing' blooper extra newsworthy is O'Connor's reaction; that is, his comment beyond the an- nouncement of a pending lawsuit against the Texas publication: "Why should anybody give a rap over what I think anyway? Why do people think an actor has any in- side track on the Amid endless commercial hot air from Mark Spitz, Johnny Cash, Joe Namath and other not- too-cerebral luminaries, O'Con- nor's disclaimer registers as a refreshing breeze. Entertainment and sports big shots do not neces- sarily know more than the rest of us. We should not assume that they do. Doomsday for GOP? By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON Nineteen-sevenly- four will be a fateful Republican year. Next year's congressional elections look dismaying for the ,GOP bordering on the disastrous. While Republican candidates will -have a great deal of help from a bevy of presidential hopefuls, they will need it and badly. The logical parallel to 1974 Is 1930 when the depression and the un- popularity of President Hoover cut down Republican congressmen wholesale. But that year Republicans were In substantial majority in both houses; now they are In substantial minority, 49 scats behind the Democrats in the house and 13 in the senate. Next year may be hard on all Incum- bents, but it will be harder on Republican incumbents. The new congress will al- most certainly be overwhelmingly Democratic. Farther down the road, things are shaping up better for Nelson Rockefeller, an old comer. The year 1970 will mark his strongest bid for the presidential nomination, Ho has already been making ingratiating speeches to party rallies across the counlry. He has made a hit with conservative GOP audiences. Times have changed or Rocky has changed. Or the problems are different. He is antiwclfare-chlselers, tougher than anyone else on .dope- pushers, against weakening the nation's defenses and no longer a big spender. Meanwhile, another key question Is: Will the Democrats go centrist in '76? Most of the evidence suggests that the majority of voters are as conservative- oriented today as were in 1972. Most of the actions of the Democratic national committee are toward the political center. If lhat Is the Ihrusl of Ihc party next year, then Sen. Henry Jackson of Washington may emerge as the em- bodiment of the party center. He has a liberal voling record on domestic affairs and Is a hard-liner on foreign policy. Ho was warning about the energy shortage before other politicians and is the architect of much of the new Fuel crunch brings economic revolution Better ploy it cool In HI72 a majority of his fellow Democratic senators voted him Iho "most qualified" to bo President. Lot Anoolet Tlmei Syndlcoli By William L. Buckley, jr. IT IS MY impression that it is widely unknown how many of the militant youth are spending their vacations from college pressing Tor the impeachment of President Nixon. Not that there is anything surreptitious in the effort. On the contrary, the students seek publicity, and the experience of yesterday, when their brothers were organizing against the Vietnam war, is fresh in the memory. Yale university appears to be an ad- ministrative center for the drive for im- peachment, which is backed by the edi- tors of all eight Ivy League colleges. After the Thanksgiving vacation, a Yale student writing in the college newspaper explained the problem carefully to students and faculty. You see, he said, in the end all problems are really political. We can spend the rest of our lives deciding whether or not what Nixon has done is impeachable in the sense that Madison or Hamilton or Marshall might have defined "im- peachauk." But that which is im- peaehable is really that which congress judges to be impeachable, and congress is, in the end, our creature. Antennae out Accordingly, he urged that during the vacation period students should hector their congressmen, particularly those in the judiciary committee, to bring in a verdict for impeachment. And, of course, it is everywhere acknowledged that congress, when it reconvenes in mid- January, will have a much clearer idea than it now has whether the American people want impeachment. Concerning the situation, a few obser- vations: 1. It is likely that the direction being taken by the students will lead to a very great frustration. To lead the fight for impeachment from the streets both plays into Mr. Nixon's hands tactically, and reinforces, strategically, the opposition to impeachment. Precisely what will stiffen the resis- tance to impeachment is mob action. Mob action can, of course, accomplish political eructations. When after the war William F. Buckley, jr. the majority of t'ie Belgian people voted to keep Leopold king, Paul-Henri Spaak led the fight in the streets to force him to abdicate; which he did, bequeathing Belgium a king who, so to speak, ,ias never been heard from since. Those who fear a castrated executive will stiffen their opposition to Nixon's Impeachment precisely as the pressure for it comes from, or seems to come from, the hot blood of American college students, etiolated by campus liberalism. 2. Many months ago, before the talk of Impeachment was general, I ventured a distinction worth resuscitating. It is this: that as things have out in the American experience, the Impeachment of a President is something we resort Id not when we desire to punish a President, hut when we desire to replace him. A President (I elaborated) takes on some of the functions, find concurrently some of the Immunities, of the sovereign. Accordingly lie la not tossed out because of a general corruption; or because he has pushed his power in extra-constitu- tional ways. President Grant was not impeached, nor was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Impeachment is for when you decide that The Man must be removed. It is the general feel of the situation that when that, moment comes, the President will probably quit rather than face impeach- ment. 3. We are somewhere, at this moment, not very far from such a crisis: i.e., a crisis which causes the people to feel that the country would be a lot better off with' the President gone. By no means everyone, of course. But are signs of erosion among Mr. Nixon's friends, for instance in the business community. Adding up Mucli more of the kind of thing that has been happening in the stock market will cause a truly dangerous denial of risk capital for small business ventures, just as an example. The solidity of Gerald Ford, and the trans- cendence of Henry Kissinger, reassure more and more of those who felt that the disappearance of Nixon would be impos- sibly disruptive. 4. Accordingly, the young people who want Mr. Nixon out of the While House would do better to play it very low and very cool. Poor Mr. Nixon suffers now from something very much like the Coventry which the English developed into a weapon of high torture. The President of the United States is being snubbed. And where that is prac- tically speaking impossible, he is being condescended to. For those who want him to go, that is the way, finally, to do it. Washington Slar Syndicate People's forum To the Editor: I read with interest the recent story about the five UCS agency presidents' failure to contribute to the UCS campaign in Cedar Rapids. Bravo, I say. Instead of ostracizing these persons, I commend them. It is high time someone has the fortitude to withstand the high-pressure motivation to "donate" to this or that cause. While I'm sure many feel the UCS campaign is worthy, I'm sure many others do not. But heaven help you if you work in this city where you are goaded, humiliated and nearly threatened until you relent and "contribute" In this cam- paign. In more than one case while dis- cussing this problem with fellowworkers and fr'cnds, we have agreed that in- LETTERS The editorial pi'ffo ivclconKu fitbjcct to lliinn Lcnjilh llmil: 400 ranis. One Idler per writer every .10 days. All may lie enfiilensed and edited without fbiinKlnft meaning. None publlfilii'il anonymously. Writer's telrpliono number (mil should Inll'iw name, address anil readaliln handwritten Bllimilnre In lii'lp nutfteritieale. t.'onlonlH deal mnro will] Issues anil everilft thnn perMonnltltex. No po'.-lry. By C.L. Sulzberger "PARIS The West and Japan must obviously readjust commercial anil economic policies to meet the challenge posed by bleak realization that cheap ami plentiful petroleum is now and forever- more a thing of the past. There are three obvious approaches. 1. II is time for wealthy members of the nonaligned Third world to start con- tributing to their poor cousins far more financial aid than in the pa: t. Hitherto it has been primarily the West which financed underdeveloped lands. But now there are countries especially those inhabited by Arabs which are accumulating huge funds from the sale of raw materials, today oil and natural gas, tomorrow vital minerals. New wealth The moral responsibility for assisting less fortunate lands is shifting to the newly rich who should assume more of the load hitherto borne by the United Stales and Europe. This would be a positive way to make use of the new si- tuation brought about by the Arab cartels petroleum rationing and price boosting. The Third world, which comprises far more members than cither the North Atlantic or Soviet blocs, has rallied largely behind the Arabs' cause in the United Nations and other forums. Surely it would bo just for the rich Arab lands to shoulder much of the development bur- den especially since the former prin- cipal donors are all suffering from the cost and shortage of oil and have little money left for charity. 2. It is also obvious that industrialized nations must permanently reduce their dependence on petroleum as a source of relying on it henceforth prin- cipally for lubricants and pe- trochemicals. This.doesn't only mean reducing consumption of oil derivatives for transportation, devising new kinds of vehicles, or developing other sources of heat and power. Seed money It means wholesale Investment in research and development programs for additional supplies' of energy. And the costly requirement for such scientific exploration will further reduce available funds for sustenance of impoverished lands. The strain on Western economies will thus be increased. And, since their ner- vous banks are always potentially threa- tened by withdrawal of Arab invest- Another View limidation is Indeed used and all of us have been in the position of having our very jobs possibly affected if we don't, "give our fair share." You know many of us do charitable work (often involving many, many dollars) on our own like helping elderly persons we may know or giving to needy etc. I feel these acts are just as important, if not more so, as citywide fund drives for this or that organization. I feel it's time to realize a "contribu- tion" should be just that not some donation made unwillingly to insure our job status. It's time the domineering fund raisers backed off some, I'd say. Enthusiasm is fine but intimidation makes me sick. Maurync Simoens 1717 K avenue NE Fire problem To the Editor. On Dec. 211 watched a mobile home (In the next lot to mine) as it was totally destroyed by fire. This was sad, but It is even sadder when one realizes that a significant portion possibly could have been saved if the Iowa City fire depart- ment hnd responded to the call. The fire occurred In a mobile home court three or four miles from the Iowa City fire department station but not within the city limits of Iowa City. The Conilvlllc nnd West Brunch fire departments responded nnd did 1111 ml- mlrablo job In near-zero temperatures. The Coralvllli) department Is a volunteer group, which Is even more gratifying, nnd Iho West Brunch department deserves praise for responding from 10 lo inenls, the need for the rich Arabs lo support Ihi'ir poorer nonaligiml backers becomes even greater. 3. These approaches can in no sense be Interpreted as an implied political threat. They simply acknowledge a new pattern of realities. The proof Is that, If the West takes Its responsibilities seriously, it will try to persuade Arab oil-producers themselves to prepare for the day when petroleum resources dry up. Despite the billions of untapped barrels beneath their soil, that day is immutably coming. What the West can do here (and here I am indebted to the brilliant Wolfgang Ilager, part-time expert for the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs) is to offer Arab petroleum exporters tech- nological help to use their accruing capital in building solar energy and water dcsalinization plants. They have ample space and should they develop from methods (already tried in Israel) ways of watering the roots of plants rather than the surface, they can ultimately make deserts bloom. This is one more argument for eventual cooperation between Israel and its neighbors, under peacetime conditions. Guidance Hager also points out that solar power can some day be, turned into hydrogen and then exported abroad. Western tech- nology can surely help the Arabs to USB their accruing riches lo face their own eventual oil shortages. One should cease thinking of the energy crisis as a temporary political boycott, but rather as a permanent economic revolution. Complex industrial societies in Norlh America, Western Europe and Japan must be restructured. Immense funds C.L. Sulzberger must be budgeted for energy changes and production of less wasteful machines, vehicles and temperature control systems. Shifting a big share of the burden for international aid to the nouveau nations is but part of the process. The whole international trade pattern must be altered to face repercussions not only of permanent oil shortages but also lacks of manufactured materials like plastics. Moreover, there is bound to be an ever-more marked deficiency in actual money supplies because of these vast new strains of financial systems. One probable consequence will therefore be an increase in barter transactions, the oldest known method of trade. This Is but part of the economic revolution now facing all of us as a con- sequence of the existing energy crisis something that had been foreseen by many statesmen and acted upon by none, prior to the latest Arab-Israeli war. New York Times Service 12 miles away. Coralville's fire station Is five to six miles away from the court. These two departments are to be com- mended for putting the survival factor of life and properly above that of location. Ironically, two Iowa City police cars arrived on the scene and it 'is question-' able as to why, especially since they both arrived and left before the fire depart- ments arrived. Why was it that these two cars could be pulled off their patrol du- ties lo go to a fire which is not within the jurisdiction of the Iowa City lire depart- ment? There is a higher law to be taken Into consideration in this incident the law of human survival and one can wontler how many people must die or how much property must be destroyed before laws are changed lo become responsive to human needs. If the Iowa City fire department wishes lo have us pay a fee for services, then tell us what it is, but give us the same chance as other citizens. It is time the petty laws governing this matter be moved aside for consideration of our rights as citizens of Ihls stale and county. This letter Is not written lo criticize thn Iowa City fire deparlment or firemen, but lo criticize (he laws which restrict them from fighting fires which nre closer to Ihclr station than lo the Conilvllle or Wesl Branch stations. It will be Intereslinf! to note what hap- pens If a large fire occurs in it surround- HITii nnd Conilvlllc needs help. Maybe I ho DCS Mnlncs fire department will respond while the lown City firo department decides which lino tho properly Is resting on. (liiry J. Kins Box lillll, InwaClly
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