Cedar Rapids Gazette, January 1, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

January 01, 1974

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Issue date: Tuesday, January 1, 1974

Pages available: 150

Previous edition: Monday, December 31, 1973

Next edition: Wednesday, January 2, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 1, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weafher- Ixms tonight 6 to 10 below. Chance of snow Wednesday, highs 5 to 8 above. VOLUMIi NUMBKU 357 ASSOCIATED PUESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMKS CKDAli KAPJDS. iOV'.'A, TUESDAY, JANUARY CITY FINAL 10 CENTS WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Nixon's Watergate prob- lems promise lo continue to clog him in 1974. Special Prosecutor Leon Ja- worski said Monday that grand juries are expected lo vote on indictments in January and February "in a substantial number of major involve- ments." Jaworski did not say who or what the indictments would in- volve but it is known that sev- eral onetime top presidential aides and intimates have been the target of grand jury invest- igations. Meanwhile, Nixon {sees a subpoena by the senate Water- gate committee seeking around 500 White House documents and tapes. Aides have indicated Hie White House will attempt to block any effort by the com- mittee to gain wide access to presidential files, perhaps trig- gering fresh court battles. Feb. 28 Deadline The committee is due to wind up its investigation and report its findings by Feb. 28, but the deadline may have to be ex- tended. In addition, the house judici- ary committee is studying whether there is evidence war- ranting impeachment a.ction against Nixon. Chairman Peter Rodino says his committee hopes to submit its recommen- dation by April 1. Jaworski's year-end report said investigations are continu- ing "in various areas within the special prosecutor's juris- diction including the re- view of White House files." Grand Juries The original grand jury, em- paneled June 5, 1972-12 days before the Watergate has been hearing evidence about the incident and cover- up. Another grand jury soon to be joined by a third has been investigating the White House plumbers, including the EHsberg psychiatrist breakin; financial aspects of the Nixon re-election 'campaign, including the ITT and milk fund cases, and campaign espionage and dirty tricks. Indictments in the Watergate case were first reported immi- nent after the resignation last April of top White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehr- lichman. But they were delayed by a series of developments, includ- ing the appointment and later firing of special prosecutor Archibald-Cox, the While House efforts to withhold key tape re- cordings sought as evidence and the appointment of Jaworski to replace Cox. IZ Guilty Picas The special prosecution force so far has obtained guilly pleas from 12 persons. This does not include the seven convicted in Ihc breakin itself. Several former top Nixon aides are awaiting trial as a re- sult of indictments brought else- where. Former Attorney General John Mitchell and former Com- merce Secretary Maurice Stans arc scheduled to go on (rial this month in New York. Both arc'charged wilh conspiracy to obstruct justice and perjury in a case involving fugitive finan- cier Robert Vcsco. Klirlichman, former Nixon aide David Young and Water- gate conspirator Cordon I.iddy have been indicted in l.os Angeles on slalo charges in Hie Klhiherg hrcaklu. Results Could Topple Mrs. Meir's Coalition JERUSALEM "A fateful, crucial, losses by Premier Golda Meir's1 historic event has befallen us. Labor forces left the makeup of Let the world know, let Wash- Israel's next government in ington ami Moscow know, that doubt Tuesday. Returns I the national majority is against Wednesday from the thousands dividing the Land of Israel." of soldiers' votes cast on thei However, the Laborites' scl-iBy Associated Press Syrian and fronts could bcjback was also due lo dissatis- faction because the government With gasoline pumps locked up for (he holiday, most Ameri- decisive. _ With the votes counted inland the armed forces were noljcans will be forced to spend the more than a third of Ihc ci-j prepared for the Arab attackjfjrst day of the new year close 'ilian precincts, unofficial re- j 'hat launched the October war. to home. urns indicated that Mrs Meir's About 80 percent of Israel's Wirenholo Old and New Mayors John V. Lindsay, left, and Abraham Beame, who succeeded him Tuesday as New York mayor, are shown at a luncheon meeting at city hall on Lindsay's last day in office. without bell-ringing, horn-blo'w- By Associated Press People around the world! ing or other public celebration. greeted the new year with'par- ties, revelry and private resolve to face the fresh challenges of 19V4. About celebrants braved rain and chilling winds to gather in New York's Times square and watch the tradi- tional ball of light' descend at midnight New Year's eve. Huge billboard and display lights at the midtown Manhat- t a n intersection, previously dimmed to conserve energy, were turned up lo full brilliance for the occasion. Bad weather kept the crowd much smaller than last year's turnout of some Travel Problems Travelers trying to use high- ways across the United Stales Tuesday often had to be watch- ful and patient. They were faced in many areas near-total shutdown of gasoline stations. Officials estimated that up io 95 percent of the service sla- lions in some areas would be closed until Wednesday morn- ing. In Israel, troops were on full alert along the Egyptian and Syrian batllefronls while the Jewish stale voted in a national election. Midnight ime and is much like Christmas -you arc inure likely lo wind, you expect limn what you wind. twviiiii New Y car' s eve went in Jerusalem Most Israelis observed the new year by Ihc Jewish calendar in September. In France, New Year's .is Re- veillon and tradition called for a midnight supper usually with oysters and pate de fois gras. 108 Gongs The Year of the Tiger rever- berated over Japan with Ihe customary away the 108 gongs to 108 passions drive cata- logued by Buddhism and wilh calls to forget material afflu- nce. Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka said in a news conference Tuesday that 1974 would be a "decisive" year for his government both abroad and domestically. He pledged to take strong steps lo fight in- flation. In Mexico, President Luis Echeverria called for "national unity" among all Mexicans and warned them Monday night that 1974 would be a "hard year" of increasing economic prob- lems. The old year closed in Greece as it began with bitler polit- ical bickering. -Gen. Phaedon Giziki.s, the new Greek president, strongly defended his November mili- !ary takeover and looked op- limislically lo the future. But f o r m c r government minister Astronauts Get 5-Day Jump on Daylight Time SPACE CENTER, flighl. Because they had Skylab :i's astronauts soared inlo 1974 Tuesday, the first men lo span two different years in space. Gerald Carr, William Pogue and Edward Gibson also went :m Daylight Saving lime, gel- ling a five-day jump on other Americans. Mission control wished Ihom New Year" often us Hi; space station shiillled back forlh 16 limes between 1973 ind 1974, crossing Ihe .Intorna- lional Dale Line and each of 'hi' world lime every 93 ninnies, II was also the Ihird holiday in space for Ihe men of Skylub They were Hofl, for Thanks- jiviug and Chrisliiias. The spacemen Tuesday were 'in the 47lh day of the planned to get up an hour earlier two this week for earth re- sources photo passes, Mission control told them lo si art Day- ighl Saving lime Tuesday to case Ihe problem. "The country slarls on Day- ght Savins iimo Jan. Ii and we plan to put you on it capsule communicator K a r 1 llcnre told the astronauts Mon- day. "Bui, since we're going lo ;i a v e early earth resources this week, we will shirt you on Daylight Saving lime In- "Thai means you'll gel up an hour earlier each day, al 5 a.m., and (jo In bed an hour earlier, "Thai's all rlghl with see where il makes nnv diffei a. New Year's statement, said Greece heading toward disaster." Soviet View The Soviet news agency Tass said in a dispatch from New York that "it is wilh lack of confidence in the morrow and alarm about the future that millions of Americans are see- ing in the New Year." New Year is one of the three chief holidays in Russia. Britain, beset by numerous economic problems, declared New Year's day an official hol- iday for the first time. Yet despite the energy crisis, inflation and millions of oilier headaches, Americans were finding ways to mark the start of 1974. Bowl Parades Some 1.5 million persons were expected lo line the streets in Pasadena, Calif., to watch the Tournament of Roses parade, with 60 fragrant flower floats to tell what "Happiness Is Officials estimated that another 125 million viewers in North America would see the specta- cle on television. In Miami, a crowd of some was cxpccled to watch the three mile long Orange Bowl parade, featuring 35 floats and 28 marching bands. Police in Cleveland cslimaled at least revelers turned out for a New Year's eve cele- bration in downtown Public :quarc. There was dancing in Hie streets to band music dur- ing Ihe two-hour extravaganza. Couple Killed in Cliff Collapse L A H AIN A Maui, Hawaii (UPI) Two young couples walked lo (lie edge of a cliff overlooking Ihc Pacific, clasped hands and closed their eyes in iraycr. Suddenly, Ihe cliff collapsed and Ihey were flying through he air. Hoscuors Monday pulled two survivors from Ihe bollom of the 250-foot cliff that collapsed al Maul's Punalaii poinl. A Ha- waiian surfer .spoiled Ihc bodies of Ihc other I wo. Police said high suri' had wea- kened thi! area and Ihe weight of Ihe four caused Ihe cliff lo collapse during the. rilual Sun- day, urns indicated thai Mrs. Meir's ocialist Laborites would win 51 seals in Ihe 120-seal kncsset, or i loss of five, and the right-wing Jkud coalition would pick up for a total of 38. Labor had 41.9 percent of the 'ote, Likud 27.1 percent. It had been a foregone conclu- sion, even before the election, hat the new government would )e a coalition, as all the govern- ments in Israel's 25 years as a nation have been. But some po- itical commentators doubted hat Mrs. Meir could muster enough supporl from other par- ies to form a strong majority. Delay Geneva? There was speculation that the political bargaining now in irospect would delay the re- sumption of the Arab-Israeli peace conference in Geneva. There were also suggestions that because of the right-wing gains, whatever governmen emerged would have lo take a harder line on the return Arab territories occupied the 1967 war. percent more than two million voters urned out for the election. No .rab terrorist attacks were re- >orled, but the troops'on the. ront lines voted amid the usual ntermittent shooting. In some orward positions, a soldier irought the ballot box to the men in the trenches. In others, he. troops voted singly to keep (Continued Page 3, Col. 8) Officials estimated that up to 95 percent of the service sta- tions in some areas would be closed until Wednesday morn- ing. "I would expect a substantial number will be closed New Year's said Jack Houston, director of the Georgia Associa- tion of Petroleum Retailers. "In Blind Pair, Out Of Heating Oil, Helped at Lasl MILWAUKEE (AP) Mr and Mrs. James Payne, blinc welfare recipients, ran out o oil on New Year's eve with outside temperatures near "I called my regular oil com- pany Saturday and they wanted SI a gallon lo deliver it on Payne said. He said he told them not to make a delivery because he had spent on oil since mid- September. Then on Monday Pivne dis- covered his oil storage tank was dry. He telephoned fuel oil com- panies but "all refused to de- liver on New Year's he. said. And police and the wel- fare department could not lo- cate a source. Finally a major oil company agreed to deliver 25 gallons of Mil- who had joined in the search, con- tributed the money. New Regime For Ulster; Two Deaths BELFAST (AP) Northern Ireland began the new year with two more deaths in its civil war and the province's first coalition government of Protestants anc Roman Catholics. Snipers killed a civilian before dawn, and late Monday nigh another sniper killed a Scotlisl soldier on patrol. This raiset the confirmed fatality toll to 92 The stand to he taken at Gen-iin four and a-half years of Pro eva was the chief issue in the election campaign, and Mrs. Meir and her supporters had hoped for a strong endorsement of their policy of territorial con- cessions to the Arabs. But Li- kud's gains support for oil for a service fee. waukee Sentinel staffers, Camping for Gas Proves Fufile PORTLAND, Ore. (UPI) Six young people camped out in a icnt by (heir car in a gas sla-JGO seals, lion through Sunday night to be were evidence of the right-wingers' contention that any contraction of Israel's present frontiers would threaten the safety of the Jewish state. Possible Coalitions Likud leader Menahem Begin claimed that he would muster a bloc of 55 members in the new k n e s s e t, including Religious party members and some La- borites who oppose return of any of the occupied territory. He claimed only 52 members would support Mrs. Meir's more conciliatory policy. Analysts suggested three pos- sibilities for a government: The. traditional alliance of Labor, the National Religious party and the Independcnl Lib- erals. The election returns in- dicated Ihis coalition would have about 65 seats in the knes- set, or a majority of 10. The exclusion of Defense Min- ister Moshe Dayan from the prospective government by La- borites who hold him responsi- ble for Israel's initial setbacks in the October war, followed by him and his followers joining Likud, the Religious party and independent right-wingers in a coalition that would have about testant-Catholic warfare. Also on New Year's eve, twi bombs damaged shops in Stra bane, County Tyrone! The provincial governmen was sworn in Monday and as sumed power at midnight afte 21 months of direct British rule It is the first government in th 50-year history of the provinc in which the Protestant majori ty and the Catholic minoril; share power. The government is taking over responsibility for mos local affairs. But London is re- taining 'control of security mea sures because the British army must still be the chief weapon in the war on the Catholic anc Protestant guerillas. Brian Faulkner, Protestanl head of the new government warned that there were stil many issues dividing his forces and the Catholics. But he sai( formation of toe coalition "rep resents a major defeat foi those who hate the democrat! first in line when (he pump.', were opened Monday. But they got. a rude awaken- ing when the station remained closed while the one across the slreet opened. They got gas for Ihcir car all right, but not until they wailed behind a line of 14 oilier cars. A minority coalition of Likud and the Religious parly which would take over if Labor could not form a governing alliance. Gloom hung over the Labor parly headquarters, and Mrs. Meir refused lo comment. "Historic Event" Begin elatedly told applausing "I can see very clearly a hope that lias never been seen before in Northern sail Gerry Fill, Ihe government's Catholic deputy leader. 39 Killed in Plane Crash TURIN, Italy (AP) An Ha Man jetliner crashed in rain anc fog and caught fire Tuesda; while approaching for a landing at Turin airport. Police said 3E of (he 42 persons aboard were killed. The plane was coming in fron Bologna on a flight which begai in Catania and was to continue to Geneva, Switzerland. The three survivors were ii serious condition. Pope; End Nightmare of War been denied the right of holi- days and forced to stay open long hours by the (oil) compa- nies. "Wilh the pressure of the en- ergy crisis, they can close and I link most he said. In Maryland, an Independent detail Service Station Assn. of- icial said, "I haven't talked to single station that will be open." Higher Prices Fuel supplies are expected to improve by Wednesday when monthly allocations are deliv- ered. But motorists will then face higher prices. The Federal Energy Office an- nounced Monday it was permit- ting retailers to raise their prices -by a penny per gallon and wholesalers by a half-cent in January to "offset increased non-product overhead." Later, Charles Owens, depu- ty assistant director of the energy office, said in informal remarks that by March the increases authorized Monday and other factors could add a total of eight cents a gallon to the cost of gasoline and 10 cents a gallon to fuel oil. A week ago, the office ap- proved increases totaling 2.3 cents a gallon, phasediover sev- eral weeks, to compensate for ligher crude oil costs. The latest price increases are in addition to once-a-month joosts also permitted oil com- janies as compensation for in- creased product costs, if jusli- 'ied in advance. President Nixon vowed to work vigorously to "find out if price gouging, improper allo- cations or hoarding is taking place and see that the penalties are strongly enforced." Shell Oil Co., Union Oil of California and Standard Oil of California said Ihey would take mmediate advantage of the lew ceiling on gasoline prices. Gaslcss Holiday Even states that got January s allocations early faced a New Year's day. In Orqgon, about 154 service stations opened on Monday, many for only a few hours be- 'ore their fuel supplies ran out. The Automobile Club of Oregon )redictcd only 54 would open Tuesday. in Arizona, only about 15 jerceiH of the stations pumped jas on Monday and less were expected to pump gas Tuesday. Long lines and short tempers prompted trouble at a few of :he service stations that oi.jied on Monday. At a Phillips 66 station in (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) ROME (UP1) Pope Paul VI Tuesday called on every individual io help secure world peace so "this night- mare, this tragedy of war" can be forever silenced. Marking the seventh annual Vatican-sponsored world day of peace, he said, "We have an enormous task in the histo- ry ol civilization. Peace de- pends on each and every indi- vidual and the need has nc-.ei been more urgent than now." Pope Paul, 70, spoke during a muss he celebrated nl SI. Anthony's church. lie si reused Ihe urgency of ''our dictated theme peace." "We all know it is an ex- tremely important theme be- cause il touches life itself. Peace guarantees Ihe life of nations. It is an urgent Ihemc." Only through peace, he said, "can we end Ihis nightmare, this tragedy of war" (hat has afflieicd mankind throughout its history "We nuisl have a sense of Ihe Pope said. "Alomic weapons. My God! Think of what happened in Japan at Ihe end of Ihe last war." "What is peace? Peace is fraternity among men, hu- mainty. Everyone must re- member we are all brothers. Peace must be based on Ihc belief wi are all brothers." The world has no room, Ihe Pope said, "for Ihis idea of vcndclta, a Matiosi idea, to keep peoples in chains" which has sprung "from Ihis mania of hale by peoples for other peoples. "Lot's Iry lo be Pope Paul said. "We must be men lo defend justice. We must give testimony wilh our lives lo true peace and jus- lien." Today's Index Comics Courthouse Crossword Daily Record Deaths [editorial Features Farm Financial Marion Movies Society Sports Slnlc Television Wnut Ads ......GD ......3A ......3A ...6A .....IIC ......7D .....IOC 5D ,.4A-5A ......41) 11) ;