Burlington Hawk Eye, July 8, 1898

Burlington Hawk Eye

July 08, 1898

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Issue date: Friday, July 8, 1898

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All text in the Burlington Hawk Eye July 8, 1898, Page 1.

Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - July 8, 1898, Burlington, Iowa THE BURLINGTON HAWKEYE. fifty-ninth yeah.HUK LIN <} TON, IOWA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 8, 18»8 LAST EDITION. PRTrFJ1"^! fiHTlo*' District. l/ifp« < Ontiidr of ( nrrier*’ IMM.. We per Month. WATSON TO MOVE ON SPAIN Secretary Long Issues Orders for the Immediate Departure of the Bombarding Fleet Their Rendezvous Off the Spanish Coast Is a Dead Secret—General Miles Starts for Santiago. conwrM with the president to-day | Rained the impression that for the present the government of Hawaii will he left largely in the hands of President Dole. Ender the Joint resolution annexing the islands the government until otherwise provided by congress is vested in such person or persons as the president of the United States may determine. HAWAIIAN CABLE MI/ST WAIT. [SPECIAL TO THE HAWK-ETE. J Washington. July 7.—Senator Davis, chairman of the committee on foreign relations, was at the White House this morning. Asked if the senate would consider the bill to authorise the construction of a cable between San Francisco and Honolulu he said: "No, not at this session, as we mill probably adjourn sine die to-morrom'. It is important that me should have a cable to Hawaii and we mill have one in time. The question mill be fully considered next December, when It mill be Anally determined. There are two propositions nom pending, one fir*r the government to run and operate the cable and the other to authorize the construction of the line by private enterprise.*' LIEUT. HOBSON Wild Scenes of Enthusiasm After the Exchange of the Hero. DETAILS OF THE NEGOTIATIONS. HAWAII IS NIM AMERICAN. President McKinley Signs the Resolutions of Annotation Passed by House and Senate. Washington. July 7.—The president called a council of mar to-day to rue t at the White House, the puipose be ng to review the situation and I. arn exactly what the present conditions are and what changes, lf any. should be made and the plans for the future conduct of the mar. According to ©ne of the members present it mas d» < id* d to abide by the plans already laid. at I* a«t at to the general conduct of the campaign. Confirmation seem el to have been given this statement larer in the day, when, after a confer- nee rn ith the members of the mar board S< cr tary Long announced to the malting newspapermen that he had ordered Admiral Sampson to detach from h s ©mn command at once the vessels to he embraced in Commodore Watson's eastern squadron, and direct the com mt Kl ore to proceed on his mission. The new eastern squadron mill he the battleships lorn a and Oregon, the plotted cruiser Kern ark, the Auxil.ary cruiser* Dixie, Yankee, Y s. mite, the colliers Averenda. Cass us, Caesar. Leonidas, and Justin, and the supply boat Delmonico. The order provides that each sh p dull make her m ay aer -ss the At (antic to a marine rendevouz. which he has designated in sealed ©rd- re to prevent its exposure to the slight-st possible danger from the enemy ar d the roost that to known Is that it mill Im* some point off the Spanish coast. A telegram received by the state department this afternoon ann ounc**d that Camara mas still lying rn oh his squadron at Suez, at the southeast-rn entrance to the canal. boats Os.ida, Pr©s©rpino and Audaz. arrive to-day at Cadiz, th-re home port. Admiral Dewey has been notified of all these movements. The very first care of the officials h**r© mill be fcjr the mounded men mho are to l*e brought north as rapidly as their condition mill permit. It is said to be the present plan to eetabli.-h a number of large tents on the government reservation at Ft. Monroe, whtoh are said to be hyg-nically l»eu**r than enoloi-ed structures at this season of the y« ar. Meanwhile all is being done in the neighborhood of Santiago to alleviate their suffering that the conditions mill permit. Th s afternoon came a telegram from Cen* ral Shafter to the mar d- partment as follows: "In the name of the sick and mound* d officers and men under my command, I thank J. W. Mackay for the ice sent us.** The necessary ord* rs were given during the day to start the Philadelphia for Ham ail, carrying Admiral Miller rn uh notice of the action of the United States government and directions to United Stat*? Minister Sewell to take formal porns. Sidon in the name of the United States.    # ORDERS FOR WATSON'S EXPEDITION TO SAIL. Washington, July 7.—Secretary Long cai*!, d Admiral Sampson ordering him to detach at once Commodore Wat- Washington. July 7.—Tt was by a cer* mony of the simplest character that the resolutions to annex Hawaii to the United States this evening were enact'd finally into a law. It occurred in the cabinet room of the executive mansion and only six persons bes.d s President McKinley were present. When the engrossed copy of the resolutions mere signed by Speaker Reed • na Vice President Hobart, they mere brought over to the White House and the presid* nt said he mould sign the resolutions immediately. In a fem" minutes the little group gathered at*out the cabinet table to rn im* ss the completion of this important legislation. Those rn ho comprised the group mere Mrs. McKinley, Seer* tarv Corte^ on. Alonso Stem art. th*- assistant do* rkeeper of the senate, Captain It ,F. Montgomery, of the signal corps, Capt. Chitties Leffler, the president's confidential messenger, and George B. Flense, postmaster of Canton, the presto'nt'* home city. Precisely at seven o'clock the president affixed to the resolutions these words rn hich made them lam*: "Approv'd, July 7, I KSS. "william McKinley** It* fore rising from the table the presider: also approved the gen* nil deficiency bill, the last gnat appropriator measure passed by the present cot. g rosa. The president present'd to Stewart j the pen rn uh mhb h he signed the Ha- * One Spanish Officer land Fourteen Prl rates Given Pp by the Amertcans-Great Courtesy on Both Sides. Washington. July 7.—General Shafter’* tel* gram announcing the txohange of Lieutenant Hobson and his men Is as follows: "Playa del Este. July 7 —Secretary af War. Washington. Headquarters Fifth Army Corp*, Cuba, July 6.—Lieutenant Hobson and all of his men have Just been received safely In exchange for Spanish officers and prisoners tak n by the United States. All in good health except two seamen convalescing from remittent fever.    SHAFTER. Major General Commanding. CHEERED HOBSON TO THE ECHO. (Copyrighted, lt*98. for The Ham k-Eye by the Ass*K*lated Press.] Off Juragua, July b. Evening, by the Associated Press Dispatch Boat Wanda, to Port Antonio. Jamaica, July 7. via Kingston. Jamaica, July 7. 7:30 a. rn.—Assistant Naval Constructor Rlch-mond P. Hobson, of the flagship New York, and his seven companions, were surrendered by the Spanish military authorities to-day in exchange for prisoners captured by the American force*. Hobson and his men mere escorted through the American lines by Captain Chadwick of the New York, mho mas a matting them. Every step of their Journey mas marked by the wildest demonstrations on the part of the American soldiers, mho threw aside ail semblance of order, scrambled out of the intrenchments kn«x-ked over th*-camp paraphernalia in their eagerness to see the returning heroes, and sen* up cheer after cheer for the men who had passed safely through the jams of death to serve their country. The same scenes of enthusiasm mere repeated upon the arrival of the men msi-an resolutions. The Ham at.an authorltf s have taken nl hospital station and at Juragua i sups to convey the good news at the earliest possible m*-m nt to Ham all. Former tjtnen UlU'kalanl and her ! party, rn ho have h-*©n In Washington , fo»* mary months, it is und retold contemplated taking an early steamer for I Hawaii. Minister Hatch and Ix*rin Thurston expulsed the deepest the favorable outcom I snuggle. Hobs- n. mho reached there In advance of his companions, mas taken on t»oard the New York immediately. Th-flagship’s decks were lined with officers and men and as Hobson clambered up h**r side and stepped on board* the harlem rang mith the shouts and che rs of his comrades, rn hich were re-echoed by satisfaction of I the crews of a dozen transports lying of the long I near by. It mas then not later than 4 o'clock. CAPTAIN GR'OLEY'S ASHES. I San Francisco, July 7.—On hoard the steamer Rio de Janeiro which arrived i to-day from Hong Kong is an urn con-squadron and directing the latter j taining the ashes of Capt t»ceed at once upon his mission. scut The to pre The vessels mill be the Iowa, Oregon and Newark and three cruisers, besides coal and supply ships. Gridley of the Olympia. The urn and th- effects of rapt. Gridley will he sent to his relatives. and Just as everything mas finished and » the two parties mere separating Irles turned and said courteously enough, - hut In a tone rn hich Indicated conslder-! able defiance and gave his hearers the Impression that he desired h »stlliyes to be renewed at once: I "Our understanding is. gentlemen. that this truce comes to an end at 6 o'clock." Col. Astor looked at his watch, homed to the Spanish officer, without making a reply, and then started back slowly to the American lines, m ith Hobson and his companions following. The meeting of the two parties and the exchange of prisoners had taken place In full view of both the American and Spanish soldiers, who m*ere intrenched near the meeting place, and the keenest interest mas taken in the episode. AN INTERVIEW WITH HOBSON. Before leaving for the seacoast, Hobson mas taken to General Shafter’s headquarters and warmly greeted by the commanding general. A correspondent of the Associated Press asked Hobson for an interview and a statement as to his experiences on the memorable night when he took the collier Merrimac into Santiago harbor. He declined to say anything in regard to the Merrimac, on the ground that he intended to submit a complete report to Sampson on the subject, and it mould be outside the line of his duty to say anything about the sinking of the Merrimac until after he had made such report, or at least had an opportunity to consult the admiral. With regard to his experience as a prisoner of mar in Santiago, he said: "During the first four days me mere confined in Morro castle and I can assure you those mere extremely uncomfortable and disagreeable days. The Spaniards did not exactly illtreat us. but it took them some time to recover from the shock caused by what most of them considered our Yankee impudence in trying to block their harbor. "As a rule, the officers and men who came In contact with us m-ere gruff in speech and sullen in manner. For Admiral Cervera I have nothing but the highest admiration. His act in informing Sampson of our safety I regard as that of a kindhearted, generous man and chivalrous officer. "I expressed to him my sincere thanks and the thanks of my men for taking this means of relieving the anxiety of our friends at home. He repeatedly sp-Ke j to me of his admiration of what he called one of the most daring acts in naval history, though I am sure me are not entitled to the commendation we * received, for there are hundreds of other men on our ships who mould have I been glad to undertake to do the same i thing. "While we mere In M*»rro castle me mere naval prisoners, but. at th** end I of four days we were transferred to j • the jurisdiction of the army and re- j I moved to the Reina Merced*s hospital on the outskirts of Santiago where m-e remained until to-day. We knew but little of rn hat mas going on in the city though, of course, me could always tell ; mhen our fleet mas bombarding the j shore batteries, and me could easily * distinguish the terrific explosion caused j by the Vesuvius throwing dynamite shells. "Several times at night we were also fully amar© that the land batteries mere fighting outside the city. Last Friday and Saturday. It mill be difficult to explain horn- anxious we were 1 for news of the success of our sid * during the engagement. The little infor- 1 mat ion the Spaniards mould give us could not be relied upon. "On** thing that I found out In the | hospital mas that a large number of i Spanish officers mere mounded in l ist Friday's fight, for many were b:ought j to the hospital to lie treated. "Numbers of badly aimed bullets , (Continued on Page Two.) SPAIN URGED TO QUIT. All Europe Trying to the Dons to Sue Peace. Persuade for SUSTl DEFUSES TO TIKE ACTION Predicted in London and Madrid That a Peace Cabinet Will Be Formed at Once. London. July 7.—The newspapers throughout Europe are urging Spain to sue for peace. It is generally recognized that Senor Sagasta’s cabinet mill shortly be superseded. The difficulty shipmates and our j ,n th*e may of peace is the army, rn hich is anxious to retrieve the failure of the navy. Madrid. July 7, IO a. rn.—A Spanish cabinet minister is quoted in an Interview as saying that the present government of Spain mill devote Itself solely to the defense of the Spanish coasts and that if negotiations for peace must be opened they mill have to be conducted by another government. A cabinet meeting lasting three hours, presided over by the queen regent, mas held this afternoon and another meeting of the ministers, at which Premier Sagas! a presided, mas held to-night. The newspapers say they foresee in- should bombard th*? Spanish coasts. Dispatches announcing the destruction of the Spanish cruiser R Ina Mercedes, at the entrance of the harbor of Santiago cie Cuba, are not believed here on the ground that the Reina Mercedes mas nothing more than a hulk, and it mas impossible to navigate her. SPAIN WILL ASK PF XUF NEXT WEEK. [SPECIAL TO THE HAWK-ETE.] Washington, July 7.—The navy department this morning received a dispatch from Naval Attache Colwell, stationed at London, saying that Spain would sue for peace next week, and that Campus would be premier. The text of the dispatch could not be had, but the statements are direct and Colwell does not qualify his statement. This is the first direct statement from a United States officer in Europe that Spain mould soon stop fighting. Washington. July 7.—Unofficial advices to the administration from sources heretofore accurate, say Spain will sue for peace next week. At the same time no such suggestion from Spain, direct or indirect, has beet received here. The government will listen if approached in a proper spirit. London, July 7.—The Times' Madrid correspondent says: "The government seems undecided ai to w hat course to pursue. It is the general belief in military circles that anything like capitulation would create a dangerous exasperation in the army it Cuba. Sagasta probably favors peace but the government wants time for reflection." HEAOED FOR_MANILA. Second E*pcdltion Sailed From Hotiolnla •lane 23. Honolulu. June 29. via San Francisco, MILES OFF FOR SANTIAGO. Departs From Washington With His Staff to Inspect the Battlefield and Strengthen Shafter’s Hands. I July ▼trtl!r.|run. July 7.—Major General | f felloe A. Miles, commanding the army, ; a •^companied by his entire staff at army Squirters, left at 10.42 to-night for Wariest on, fi. C., where the party will Mfiturk for Santiago. The party confit# of General M.les, General J. C. Gilmore. adjutant general of staff; Gen-^ Roy Stone, Colonel C. R. Greenleaf, •urgeon; Lieutenant Colonels I. W. Ciou*- M C. Maus, A. S. Roman; Ma-^ John D. Black and Captain If. H. *Tutney. At the same time Lieutenant Lionel Michel and a large staff of ^aquarter* clerks who have been In Ttmpa, rn Charleston on the first steamer r-r the general arrives. Tm may be either the Yale or the Columbia, which | are taking on troops here. General Miles has no other purpose in I going to Santiago than to look over th© military situation and strengthen the hand of Shafter. He mill not relieve General Shafter of the command unless the latter’* physical condition is such na to demand it. HORRORS OF SANTIAGO. I Thousands of Residents, Rich and Poor, Fleeing From the City —Dying From Starvation. [Copyrighted. 1898, for The Hawk-Eye | daughters is the haunted look which by the Associated Press J Kl Caney, near Santiago de Cuba. July 8. by Associated Pre** Boat W anda. via Port Antonio, July 7.— Bet we n twelve and fifteen thousand innocent victims of mar fed here in a wild panic I to escape th© terrors of the threatened bombardment of Santiago and are now confronted by the horror* of starvation. In helpless confusion they are ' app*-a 11 nu to Shafter for succor. Most of them are foreigners, principally French, or with an admixture of Their Interests ar*- be pill come to C rn and The mar department admitted for the first time to-dav that two expeditions. I foreign blood on- on th- Florid* «nd »n..th-r on th-! Inn ln..k.-d *rt-r hy th.-lr mn..,lr Pa nit a. had successfully landed large quantities of arms and supplies in central and western Cuba for General Go- Party. A start rn ill be made i mez's command. TO HOIST FLAG OVER HAWAII. Admiral Miller Ordered to Honolulu for That Purpose—Annexation Bill Signed. tn    July    7.—Secretary Long ^ y gave orders for th*- departure of Ha*l>hil#<3Wphi* from Mare l9l*n6 for She mill carry the flag of the States to the Sandwich islands *®r*iaQy annex them to the union. ^ ®«iirai Miller, con imanding the Palpitation, who is nom at Mare ls-^ • *ill be charged with this function ^fritting the flag. The ship will be Y for tea in a very fem days under th*    f    and    thouid make in a week. Meanwhile the president will appoint a commission immediately to frame the] count* nances lams necessary for th* changed condition of affairs in Hawaii. This must l»e done before the adjournment of congress, as the commissioner* are subject to confirmation. Washington. July 7.—Speaker Pro Tem. Payne signed the Hawaiian annexation resolutions this afternoon. It now goes to the senate. The general ti- n if acy bill rn as also s,gn< d.    ,    g*»z« Senator* and representative® When they mere inform* d yesterday that Tora I refused to consider the question of surrender they swarmed out of the north gate of the city all day and trudged through the blazing sun over the road which in places was ankle deep in mud. Tottering old men and women were supported by children, and mothers with babes at th* lr breasts, struggled on toward Kl Ganev, San Luis and other towns Th-y were not allowed to bring food with them and these who have money are as destitute as those who are without. The rich and I poor, cultured and ignorant, whit** and 1 black, are huddled togeiher. choking the passage ways between th*- hous s all with gaunt despair written on th- ir i The ignorant desire only to tie fed, the cultured want to get amay. anywhere, anyhow, amay from the war I which has driven th* rn from th* lr homes. Pathetic sights are witnessed on all side*. There are women of good b rih and ^duration. supported by frail girls Imho hide their faces from lh* vulgar of the others, who surge about who I them. In the eyes of both mothers aud mild animals have wh©n driven to hay. The exodus was in response to a j proclamation by G*n*-tal It *s, a political general in Santiago, who gave all pc* pl* desirous of leaving the city to I escape the bombardment a chance to go between 5 o’clock and 9 o'clock this mooning. The time between the issuance cf th* proclamation and the per.od set f*>r leaving gave only a *tn ill opportunity f »r transporting household effects or «n>' of the comforts of life, particularly a the Spanish authorities    forbid den any horse or carriage to b? taken from the city, as horses are needed there for carrying mater to the men in the trenches. The may to Kl Caney is long and the weather excessively hot. As the fugitives had no means of carrying water, and as there Is none on the read between Santiago and Kl Caney, th -re mas great suffering. Men, women and children lay alongside the ro ,d. where-ever there was a small patch of shade, hedging passers-by. particularly soldiers with dangling canteens, for mater, rn hich mas always freely tendered. One old man. with a long silver beard, mas carried up a long road on a litter by four young men. When they reac hed the town all the available space mas occupied, and no place mas found for the sick man but a spot of bare ground in the middle of the plaza. It r I let for Refugeee. Shafter’s Headquarters. July 6. via Port Antonio, July 7.—The French an I Portuguese consuls have continued the conference looking to the relief of refugees from Santiago. They called on Shafter this morning and reported the refugees wholly destitute and begged American aid. The general promised to afford the exiles a limited daily supply of food at El Caney and other towns in Spanish territory, where they get nothing from Spain. The consuls were very gnaided in th*-lr reference to the situation at Santiago. but painted it worse than reported by the refugees. They claim *! the garrison only numl*ers 5.000 men, but the accuracy of this is doubt*d. —The second fleet of transports | arrived here June 23 and sailed for Ma-I nila June 25. The Monterey and the I collier Brutus arrived June 24 and left for Manila June 29. The trip was suc-1 cessful. the Monterey going under her | own steam until June IS, when the Bru-i tus took her in tow n. Sergeant George Giddes, Company C, First Nebraska infantry, died aboard the Senator June 21 of meningitis and mas buried at sea the same day.    i C. H. Fiske, Company D. Nebraska j volunteers, died here on the 25th of ty- I phoid fever and measles. The funeral took place at th* and mas attended by prominent people MI" Hart**** Tells of Horror*. New York. July 7.—The following cablegram was received to-day by Steph- CERVERA TELLS BLANCO OF THE LOSSJJF HIS FLEET. Copy of th# Spanish Admiral’# Official Report Received In Wa#hln*ton. Washington. July 7.—The war department has received the report of Cervera j to Blanco on his unsuccessful attempt j 1 to escape from Santiago harbor, as fol- } I lows: "To the General-in-Chief at Havana: I In compliance with your orders, I went en Barton from Miss Clara Barton:    J    out yesterday from Santiago de Cuba, I “Siboney. July (*.—I came from Shaf- with all of my squadron, and after an | ter’s front In the night for food and unequal combat against forces of more j clothing for the refugees who are leaving Santiago by thousands, starving and naked. I am sending supplies to the refugees, all we can from both camps, by army wagons and pack trains. It is nearly impossible to land supplies on account of high tides and no docks. The surf is terrible and our ship yawls cannot stand in the surf. We have mended one broken flatboat which the men drag ashore In the surf, maist deep. "No transportation is possible. Horses and packers and tents mould be helpful. The wounded men taken from the operating tables are laid on the ground often without blankets or shelter from rain or sun. "As others die their clothing is taken to put on the naked, to get them dovn to Siboney, ten miles over roads that upset army wagons. "Mrs. Gardner, myself and the whole working force of the Red Cross at the front are in the direct range of the sharpshooters. The doctors and nurses are doing splendid work at Siboney. Shafter is acting wisely and humanely and doing all he can. We return to the front at once. (Signed)    CLARA BARTON." Gloucester to the battleship Iowa. IU a brief interview to-day he stated thai he had been ordered to leave the harbor, but refused to say from whom the orders came. To-day’s estimate on the Spanish losses in the naval battle is 1.200 killed and 1,500 captured, against which stands the American loss of I killed and 2 wounded. SPANIARDS WERE STARVING. J [Copyrighted, 1898. for The Hawk-Ey® by the Associated Press.] j Guantanamo, July 4, per Associated ; Press Dispatch Boat Dandy, via King-! ston, Jamaica. July 7.—The steamer i Resolute has arrived with 500 prisoners, the disposition of whom is not yet decided on. The captured Spaniards are Central Union church J remarkably cheerful. Officers say that they had nothing to eat for twenty-four hours before the destruction of the fleet. In order to get the men to their posts a large amount of liquor was given out. Many still showed the effects of drink when put on the Resolute. Spanish officers say that the order to sail mas given by the government at Madrid. None of the Spaniards expected to be alive by Sunday noon, believing that the destruction of the fleet mas certain. The prisoners say that if the Americans had pressed tie land forces much longer the Spaniards would have been compelled to surrender, as the troops were completely morn out. than triple mine, had all of my squadron destroyed by fire. The Teresa, Oquendo and the Vizcaya were beached, the Colon fleeing. I accordingly Informed the Americans, went ashore and gave myself up. The torpedo chasers were foundered. I do not know how many were lost, but mill surely reaeh SOO dead, and many mounded, although not in such great numbers. The conduct of the crews rose to a height that mon the most enthusiastic plaudits of th© enemy. Th© commander of the Vizcaya surrender' d j Bons to h:s vessel. Hts crew are very grateful ; received for the noble generosity with which they have been treated. Among the dead are Villamil and I believe Laza-qua. Among the wounded are Concas anil KuJate. We lost all and are necessarily depressed. CUBAN SOLDIERS REFUSE TO WORK. [Copyrighted. 1^98, for Th** Hawk-Ey® by the Associated Press.] Camp Siboney, July 5. by Associated Press Dispatch Boat Dauntless, via Port Antonio, Jamaica, July 7.—Gen. Young, commanding th© first brigade o#f th© cavalry division, left h**re at noon for Key West, in bad health. Gen. Outfield succeeds to his command. Gen. Young has refused to issue further rath© Cubans until advices are from Washington. The Cubans have refused to assist in the hos- | pi ta I and conin J claiming they ar** I borers. Tile sam by them to Gene J asked the Cubans (Signed)    CERVERA." CERVERA ON THE IOWA. • [Copyrighted, 1898. for The Hawk-Eye by the Associated Press J Headquarters General Shafter, July 3, by Associated Press Dispatch Boat Dandy, via Port Antonio, July 7.—Cer-\era has been transferred from the ary depart m**nts. Idlers an*! not la-tnswer mas given Baker, when h-; > h *ip op *n t h : roads for th© transportation of supplies to the front. This, with General Garcia’s failure to p*ev rn lh entrance of Pando’s reinforcements into Santiago. caused discontent among the of-fi* ers and m**n. Young has plaeed th* Cubans in a separate camp, urder pone* regulations, and turned them ovg to Clara Barton for their rations* ;

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