Burlington Hawk Eye, September 14, 1890

Burlington Hawk Eye

September 14, 1890

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Issue date: Sunday, September 14, 1890

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Publication name: Burlington Hawk Eye

Location: Burlington, Iowa

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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - September 14, 1890, Burlington, Iowa PAGES.THE BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE. c PAGES I TO 4. .bushed JUNE, 1839.) BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 14, I HOO—EIGHT PAGES. (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WEEK Plea Great Statesmans „eSt for Brain Workers. , ,rtb«erv»n«e Movement in Bur-*5    Church Statistics—Society UBftfrhri*ti*n Encieavor- Enrollment Pl»“* -The for ^citizens arc arranging ll ,v„r Sundav observance meet-4t ail early date. It is expected 'fat Rev- Pf- Cra1TtP’ Wh° d0liV* \ -in eloquent *« in this fitv a few weeks ago and acceptable ^T^rured for a second discourse on ll 06^    ‘    r. i    t r\ fnllAW un , ame topic. ^ meetings It n hoped to follow up with other work in that to elevate public senti- tw'a hiir standard regarding the Visions and the economic a day of rest. the moral - { the Sabbath a ^logical truth, very few men ‘lienee now question it. For Manual and mental toilers it ' absolute necessity. Prob-Gladstone has clone more rn ao if >lr> TI other • srivs kt'fVi that the <>L riikeii «* i» md the Ii ire of my lo many ot ml aud Clin.' ..si numerous ut ie ^ art a social neces •M is extremely jealous of lions IPS?? ca.’; mr man now as to Sun-. - to lue un- - -rvar.ee of Sun-b ha in tho fiats ( f the im-• Mintrynien. If O' ii a necessity : in ii life, others I it with equal 4tv. The work-it, and ,fi| m,t merely to its avowed but to whatever might insult. Personally, ?ndeavored. as far as ear then lent by tile Rev. J. J. Curli (for_ merly lieutenent R. E.), and did good service in the bays and inlets of Newfoundland. A railway car is, however a much pleasanter place to hold and attend sennce in than a little schooner riding uneasily in a rough roadstead and sometimes, as in the case of the Hawk, dragging her anchors in the middle of the second lesson. The utilization in preaching the gospel of the flying wheel (the winged wheel in the emblem used by the Vanderbilt company) reminds us of St. Paul’s words when he bids the Thessalonians pray that the word of God may “have free course.”— Churchman. CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. WARDING OFF DISEASE. Premonitions of the Return of La Grippe—Some Suggestions. Some Points About Seaaonabl? Clothing -Olive Harper Writes of Fashion* Children—A Beautiful Parisian Widow. for Ti iitwn. I&rtly Mid.) that Ii    ■BBBB HPI ^ranees ail    to    exorcise oC privilege, and now, nearly at the - y alaborious public career of nearly Cheven vears* 1 attribute in great . Hat cause the prolongation of fcrlite and the prest rvation of the factual I may still possess. As re B-j.N the masses, the question is still ire important: it is the proper ques- rn par excellence. Church Statistics. ’ihTbdependent publishes again a Bemar? of religious statistics. The nmary includes the statistics of the Kuan Catholic church, the figures for bdenomin-uion being given at 8,277,-and shows an aggregate com-aicant membership of 13,480,132 other denominations. The Meth-istfamily has 4.'m0.240, the Baptists to next with 4.292.291, and the Pres-tfriuio with I.‘2.0.012; the Lutherans ae next with l,oso.Ol8. The Congre-onalists lead the Episcopalians, the aer of these bodUs having 491,985 rmmunicants against 480,170 for the tier, which includes the Reformed jltx'opal church, with 10,100 members. Be Reformed churches formerly known [aDutch and German respectively) have |i total membership of 282.856. There 58,742 Adventists, 106.000 Friends, rn members of Christian Union lurches, 160,000 in the German Evan-jfiical church, 102,671 Mennonites, ll,- j fell Moravians. 6,0o0 Swedenborgians I ad 8.771 ci'iumunicant.s in the Salvation | nay ranks. Then there are 20,OOO Uni- ' lorans and 42,9.72 Universalists. The stati tics are no doubt as trustworthy as any that can be secured, but slate correctness can by no means be Ivor.chsafed for them. A little subtrac-Iti n A \vs a total of about 13,400,000 lccminunirant.s in Evangelical Christen-Ic m m the United States. The census I returns thus far indicate a total popula-jtion of nearly G5,<'aa.000, so that a little it - than one-iifth of lite population is ft "E-don the roll> of our Evangelical I churches. As infants are not included tin I ho chun h statistics, it will readily be bust m .;v than in five of the diligent population must be enrolled fffi the communicant lists. Unless the : has lost its savor and the light is liruc-.-d by mists of w Idliness or other lerjin?.,: -nee-. Midi a mass of salt ought to keep the nation in a very salutary audition, and the wliole nation should jts aglow with practical holiness: but the often fails to manifest its saline jCkriR'teristies and ti - light is often dull I w Hidden. Ae churches, exclu; ive of Roman Ca-:: h ii. 7,523: Unitarians, 407. and Uni-['"Hali-ts, 732. number 142,599. and there ‘33,SIS ministers. But these are not [*.i pastors, a munb: mf college and sera-professors, secretaries of mission j11 urds and editor . and also a large num-r d"* of unsettled ministers being counted Ifoe ranks.—New York Observer. having Money for Mission Work. during the n cent Billie conference at •Fifield, Mass., an “extra-cent- 1 • . 'iar>d was described, which uoing wonderful work for mis- at home and abroad. The hewer said:    "It is estimated that merearein all lands 3o, OOO, OOO Protestant ^'angelical Christians. One cent a day, 'J* yl1uvalent, from each one of that M-at hest would amount in a single I bf tlle enormous sum of $109,500,- 1. 1 against $12,500,000. possibly $13,000,- i. ^*14.000,000. I believe, and I say ; Meuborately. that the ‘extra-cent-a- ^ . 'and may bo made the greatest mis- i P°wer financially that the world u ever known. 1^‘J5 s0 easy, so simple, so practica-• v-ith prodigious possibilities. We *®ed not Ion l,nal church Statistics of the Movement iii the United States and Canada. The statistics of the Christian Endeavor societies show a large growth during 1889-90. It has been found that societies exist in every state and territory in the union and in every English speaking land in the world. In all there are 11,013 societies with 660,000 members, a gain of 3,341 societies and 185,000 members in eleven months. This is by far the largest gain ever recorded in the same length of time, and equals the entire membership of the society during the fii*st seven years. New York leads the list with 1,795 societies; Pennsylvania follows with 818; then comes Massachusetts with 813, Illinois with 809, Ohio with 681, Iowa with 494, Connecticut with 442, N »w Jersey with 414 and Michigan with 408. The society is making gratifying progress in the south, Maryland, Kentucky and Florida having the largest numbers. In the British provinces are 413 societies. So far as can be ascertained an average of about seven from each society have joined the evangelical churches during the year, or a total of 70,000—a number equal to about two-thirds of all the associate members at tho beginning of the year. Tile Swedish Missionary Society. The annual convention of the Swedish Fatherland Mis5 ion society was recently held in the Blasieholm church, Stockholm. Two hundred and forty-five clerical and 216 lay delegates were present. The branch societies have, during the year, increased from 107 to 116. Eighteen traveling missionaries and 137 colporteurs are employed. Seven hundred aud sixtv-two thousand copies of the Bible arid other devotional books were printed, and somewhat more than that number sold and distributed. Since its organization the society has published 22,700.280 copies of various religious b<>oks. The net profits of the publishing house for the year are 11,890 crowns. Thirty-five missionaries are laboring in Eastern Africa aud 35 in India. Tile expenditures for foreign missions were 193,525 crowns. The balance remaining in the foreign mission treasury is 105,232 crowns. The home mission fund shows a balance of 36,666 crowns. Stanley on the African Mission*. Henry M. Stanley has recently borne telling testimony to the success of missions in Equatorial Africa. Writing to Livingstone’s son-in-law, he said: ‘‘I take this powerful body of native Christians in the heart of Africa—who prefer exile for the sake of their faith to serving a monarch indifferent nr hostile to their faith—tis more substantial evidence of the work than any number of imposing structures clustered together, and called a mission station, would be. These native Africans have endured the most deadly persecutions. The stake and the fire, the cord and the club, the sharp knife and the rifle bullet, have till been tried to cause them to reject the teachings they have absorbed. Stanch in their beliefs, firm in their convictions, they have held together stoutly and resolutely. _ Th** lioriTfgian Synods. Three of the Norwegian synods, numbering 250 pastors. 900 congregations and 72,000 communicants, have agreed to unite. -A great jubilee meeting was held in Minneapolis, Mum., to ratify the accomplished fact. The joint synod is divided into nineteen districts. A united seminary, with five professors and an endowment fund of $125,000, is located in Minneapolis. HE CABLE brings us premonitions of la grippe. It is more to be dreaded than Asiatic cholera, for the latter can be quarantined against, but the former leaps over all barriers and penetrates to tho innermost parts of the country. Already thoro are some symptoms of the grip's return in Burlington and vicinity. There is no new outbreak, but some who suffered from its insidious attack last winter show symptoms of relapse. We do not say this to cause alarm, but to suggest care in diet and clothing. Eat healthy food and plenty of it aud watch the ( hanging temperature incident to the season. Especially do the aged and the young need attention. The following from tile pen of a good authority upon the care of little children is timely: Brooklyn, Sept. ll. 1890. Editor Hawk-Eyk:    I    am    often    sur prised at the seeming indifference or tho real callousness of many mothers regarding the illness of their children. Within a year the question has been asked of three different mothers, “How is your little one who has been ill?” And the reply has been substantially the same in each ease:    “Oh,    he is pretty sick, but it is nothing serious. He will get over it.” The repetition of this phrase has struck home and has awakened thought. Will the child get over it? Is it not doubtful whether Hie young stomach which has been so badly disordered that the little patient has had to lie in bed for days will ever entirely be what it would have been without this illness? Do not the severe attacks of bronchitis and pneumonia which afflict so many chil- ! dren leave an abiding mark behind them? Is not the case very much I like that of the cracked or mended bowl? It may serve a good many purposes still, but it can never be so -;rong nor so useful as it was before it was injured. The fact is that parents expect their children to be ill. They are astonished if a year passes without more or less serious invalidism among them It is probable that some indisposition in an ordinary family of four or five persons or more is inevitable; but if there be a wise mother in charge this illness ought seldom to be serious enough to keep the patient in bed. Utter prostration usually argues a long course of improper living beforehand. It has too long remained unrecognized that tile human body is a machine, and that its normal method of activity is in a regular routine. Children should eat as nearly as possible the same sort of food—not necessarily the same articles—but about the same proportion of nitrogenous and other foods, every day at regular hours, and never at other times. They should go to bed and get up at the same hours daily, the ventilation of their sleeping apartments, the regulation of their bathing, clothing and all the physical operations which maintain health should bo arranged with as accurate method as is practicable, always avoiding the cast iron system. There is no need of much nor hard illness in an ordinary family, and unjust as the assertion may sound there is bad management in the household where it is otherwise. To tell the truth, the carelessness, the ignorance or the weak indulgence of mothers is at the bottom of three-fourths of the iii health and mortality that is so shockingly prevalent among children. The.*© mothers become u*ed to sickness in their families, hardened to its enormity, and they really do come to think that it is a small thing. “He will g©t over it The chances are ten to one that lie does not get over it, but that lie feels it morn cr less to the day of his death, which is hastened because of it. iv ATK UPSON Ct.ARK. Among the English and ti great many French and some few Americans there is ti fancy for short stockings, and they certainly do look pretty, particularly for little boys, but it is not a safe fashion to follow in this variable climate, and children should not be allowed to wear short stockings after 4 years of age. For those who like them there are this season pretty little stockings, of which half is in dark narrow stripes, with the other half flesh colored. The newest hosiery, however, is in tartan plaids to match the new plaid goods now so popular, but to my mind and that of many mothers no stocking is so refined in appearance as the black one. These are now shown in very thick and close weave in plain and fancy ribs, with the knees and heels quadrupled in thickness. A pretty little gown for a girl of 8 or IO was of pale blue and white striped serge, with a small simulated guimpe of surah. A cute little Spanish jacket was made of emerald green velvet to go with it; a ribbon sash bow was worn. A jolly little boy’s outing suit consists of red and black tartan plaid made on the straight, and a walking coat of drab and black plaid cheviot, with a polo cap of the same. This kilt snit is for boys from 3 to 7. His pretty sister has a blue and green pTfffd YWJRdiMff with fine lines of black. h BARD TO GET A QUORUM. Senators and Representatives Tired Out and Anxious to Go Home. Curious Story Extant in Washington About Sitting Hull—General Wilcox Think* Ile Was Once a Cadet at West Point. [Cf w !Arilli, lui®s3S& PRETTY NEW CHILDREN’S SOTS. white and red. and around the waist and tied in the back in a full bow is a ruby velvet ribbon. The little dress is cut princess shape on the sides, and all tile skirt fulfill-ss comes from shirrings brought down from the neck. Among the new things which I know would interest the ladies is a new cloak just brought to this country from Paris. It is of dead fine black corkscrew and is long, nearly reaching the bottom of the dress. In front it is cut circular shape, and in the back it is shirred in at the waist, and it is lined throughout with squirrel fur. and around the bottom on the inside is a fringe of white, silky in mill - i fur. The large rolling collar is ; also of that glistening white fur. Inside j there is a vest, with armholes. Olive Harper. A BEAUTIFUL YOUNG WIDOW. [Correspondence of The Hawk-Eye.] AS11INGTON, Sept. ll.—Governor Gear will bo home in a week or ten days; that is provided the tariff bill is passed by that time. He cannot leave until that important measure is disposed of as he is a member of the ways and means committee and not unlikely will also be a member of the house conference committee to fix up an agreement between the two houses on that measure. Congress is nearing its end. It is hard to get a quorum and there are fears that several important measures which it was hoped would get through at this session will fail. The members are eager to get home. They are not only worn out with the extraordinarily prolonged session, but some of them have political fenCeUTo look after. The president is in partial retirement at Cresson Springs, Pennsylvania, and re-cuperating from the strain of public life. There is comparatively little of general interest in Washington just now. In the absence of more practical topics society falls back upon war reminiscences and the discussion of men and events of the past. Some one started the curious suggestion that Sitting Bull, the famous Sioux chief, is an ex-cadet of West Point military academy! General C. M. Wilcox, of Alabama, tells an in- gooa stead in s* Vera I engagements which we have had with the troops and with other tribes it was with great difficulty that I restrain* d my people from attacking and lb C loying you days and days ago. You have been several tining, all tho time, in fact, in our power. But I have told the chiefs that we could gain nothing by killing you. as you were mere explorers, but that if we permit you to live aud return to your people many of them will follow you hither for the purpose of Sliding cover, and that when the immigrants come we shall reap a rich harvest. This argument has prevailed, and you will be permitted to finish your exploration unmolested. If other white men come into this valley they must take their chances.’ “Capt. Paige asked McLain if he had restrained hi* people because he knew that he (Paige) was in the party, and McLain answered that he had. Several days before this he had recognized Paige as an old classmate by the aid of his field glass, one of the few instruments of civilization which he had clung to, and one which had bellied him amazingly in acquiring renown and influence among the Apaches. McLain refused to tell Paige the name by which he was known among the Indians, and parried further inquiry concerning himself with questions about what had been going on in tho world of civilization. As suddenly and mysteriously as he had appeared, McLain then gave the signal to hi 4 followers, and the visitors rose and filed out of the camp into the darkness. “Capt. Paige was unable to learn much more about our old classmate at West Point,” continued Gen. Wilcox. “He made inquire sin variousdirections, but could only ascertain that there was a white chief among the Mojave.-, a great war chief on whom the native chieftains relied for leadership in their struggles with the troops. One of the scouts attached to the exploring expedi- GOOD COUNTRY ROADS. A Necessary Preliminary to the Delivery of Mail to Farmers. The New System of X ani inc; Country Tiiir. oujchfarf* ami Numbering Rural Ke>»i*len«'«**—!►»««• It. Fatter’* A*I*lre**t. A: teresting story bearing on this disputed question. General Wilcox, it is well to say j ti on reported that ho had engaged one of by way of preface, wasoneof the bravest j McLain’s followers in such conversation ago at the Congregants    in    Newton    Center    an • ...h eiir-a-day’ hand, which be only J"*8- Tig pian of dav for we hope one of many similar contriving an extra .    missions was formally iU °Ur missionary concert in rri>t. and ways of" saving the sat?    one    cent a day were fcswf *'°r ^ 'vas n°t intended to AW f°Ul 0Ur nsna* missionary gifts. g;cp ■ °-r^ P°rsons adopted the plan at harp ^ Mnce then seventy-three others Joined the hand. Our 113 wem-gi vest it 45 ju a year,which we The Eiwollment Plan. “The enrollment plan” is a movement among the Episcopalians of this country to raise $1,000,000 for missions, domestic and foreign, from 200.*000 contributors of $*5 each. It was the project of Mr. W. A. AL Fuller, deceased, and Tile Churchman of tills city is now pressing it. Under the original impulse the fund was carried up to $125,000. Church*?* in \\ ushlngtnn. There are in the city of Washington 194 churches. Of these 179 are Protestant and 15 are Roman Catholic. The Methodist Episcopal has 51; Methodist Episcopal South, 3; Methodist Protestant, 6; iii all 60, 29 of which arc colored. The Baptists have 11 white and 35 colored: Protestant Episcopal, 22 white and 3 colored; Presbyterians, IO white and I colored; Roman'Catholics, 14 white and I colored. The Lutherans have ll and the rest are divided among nine different names. ______ Heaven ami the Sinner. Oh who would thoughtless tread yon Isles of Light With wayward feet uncleansed of earthly slain. Imprint upon their shores deep paths of pain. Who thus would enter there if so In* might. Ami dimness east o'er nil their mount ains bright. With mists of sorrow (Iii each smiling plain. And wrap within its clouds th*; angel train That wanders in their vales of par ■ delight. TNvere better far the soul of man should roam, As taught the Saviour of the ancient East, Through transmigrations for unnumbered years. Besprinkling all its path w ith scalding tears. Than thus within the pure celestial home That soul should enter ere its anguish ceased. —Fred L Eaton in Elmira Echoes. Olive Harper Writes of Fashions For Children. New York. Sept. ll.—The styles for children's dressed grow more and more simple, lotting the brightness of their sweet young beauty shine undimmed by ail overshadowing mass of f usa and featlier. The big sister puts on her first long dress. It is tan colored Australian crepe* made in the plainest fashion, also the neatest, and garnished only with se'.1 covered buttons. lier pretty brown hair is brought low on the back ot lier neck and tied in a eatogan braid. No ruffles. trill ■'flill v ?UV    13131 year,which we foreiiJ/.'1 .0(IUa^y between home and S11 ^fissions.” T\, , V C1,«w* on Wheels. ? a (,’nurch on wheels has as in ' r‘“lu:y in the Caucasus as well Then,„nr 0Wn an<l only “wild west,” Tjjj, '^ployed on the railroad of the Points n'a^ifan sy's*!‘,n are ‘it many °n Sun /    6 to attend religious services Pie tun*3.'S 'Uulidays; they have anither »! '    them for I hi s purpose, but ^ n,) churches. The difficulty is building a large eight Grided i Way car- This car will be There won Vestry’ sanctuary and nave, accomm‘w- an appropriate altar and ers, * j ons Tor seventy worship-' Atellane 1Urfk ship, with all the ap-has J— ,es f°r preaching and worship, the miX' U USCM^ in different parts of C&rr1<L Til:, bishop of New-Yaoonnr ■ ^le “Hawk,” a topsail ■fciSa- by Bishop Eden, W nn« KeUy.’ ?'ho succeeded Dr. Feild, bailed    over    a    Scottish    see, differed Ru-ln ^tar> 3n which he also t(C«aSWreck- TV Lavrock, ^ ^uadrou of tho R German Religious Statistics. The religious statistics of Germany show 29.309,847 evangelicals, including members of the Lutheran, Reformed and United churches; 16,785.734 Roman Cath-dies; 125.673 other Christians, including the Moravians, Baptists, Methodists and other independent churcnes, 563,172 Jews, and 11,278 “unclassified.” Of the 126,673 independent Christians 60,000 are Baptists, of whom 20.990 are members of Baptist churches. GENERAL CHURCH NOTES. which has taken with the Turco- one Y. C., was The great revival place in connection American mission at Aintab. in Armenia, has resulted in the addition of 534 new members to the church. Medical missionary work is very successful in Persia. Japan is conceded to be the most precising of all missionary fields. Irish Presbyterians are this year celebrating the jubilee of their general assembly. English Methodists propose a general scheme for celebrating in a befitting manner the centenary of the death o John Wesley, which took place in London in 1791. It is reported that there are 3,°0° Japanese in this country, of whom have been baptized by missionaries rn their own land or since they came to the United States. TUE THREE SISTERS. no frills, no jewels, and yet how neat and fresh and pretty it is. And how happy she is. as she takes the bill to lier over-burdened father, to be able to toll him, “I made it all my own self, only mamma showed me a little.” Her half grown sister wears a pretty kilted skirt in myrtle green veiling, with tan colored facings, and her brother's shirt, which she has slyly borrowed, and a little four-in-hand of tan colored satin —a plain but very effective little g<Vvn for a girl at that difficult age of transition when nothing looks well long. Her hair is tied only in the neck, leaving the ends to flow free in a loose mass of curls in the back. There was a yard and some scraps left of sister's dress, and this was made into a cunning Gretehen gnimpe for little 0-year-old. ^ The waist at tho top is finished with a little neat embroidery in cross stitch, (bine by the deft big sister, and a bit of ribbon tied at tile shoulders forms sleeves enough over the white surah guimpe. Just a little bit of goods and a very little labor, and yon have as pretty a picture as eyes could desire, and a little frock quite dressy enough for any occasion and plain enough for play. A flexible but warm all wool flannel shirt is worn next the body, with long sleeves. Then a “Little Beauty waist, to which the drawers button, and a petticoat, which also buttons on to that, are all that are required beneath the dress. Thus the child has full and free play for all her limbs, and the flannel next her body allows her to play in the most active manner, with the minimum of danger fi*om colds or chills. She Remain* Faithful to the Memory of lier Warrior Husband. [Special Correspondence.I Paris, Aug. 27.—A well known Parisian dame du grand monde is the Duchess.* de Luynes, the only daughter of Duke Sosthene de la Rochefoucauld-Bi- J saccia by his fir-t wife, a Princess Yo- j laude de Polignac, proverbial for her | beauty When Mile. De la Rochefoucauld married the young Due de Luynes she was still in her teens, and the united ages of both man and wife scarcely figured up thirty-eight years. The union was a happy one, but of short duration. The duke was killed at tho battle of i Patav, in the Franco-German war, and j the unfortunate wife was made a widow i at 21 She vowed never to exchange j the name she bore for another and has j kept her vow. Dampierre. the family country seat, is I an abiding monument of the love she bears to the memory of the young and accomplished hero who fell on the field fighting for his country’s cause. Not a thing has been changed in the old residence; every bit of furniture—the accumulated art treasures and heirlooms of centuries—is still to be seen just as he left it when he started at the head of the Mobile troops of the Sarthe, whom he commanded. Yet, faithful as she is to her widow weeds, the duchess is by no means of a somber turn of mind. She spends the winter at Cannes, the autumn at Dampierre, the spring in Paris, and j the summer at Saint-Germain, or in ■ England. Silo owns a fine hotel in close proximity to her father’s sumptuous | mansion in the Rue de Varenne, and the j receptions she gives there during her j two months' stay in the gay capital are eagerly attended. The entertainments given by the duchess at Cannes are the talk of the Riviera for weeks before and after: the guests, as in Paris, are tbs flower of the aristocracy; and oftentimes the theatrical performances, which are the great attraction at her charming villa, only take place before a parterre of kings. Although frail and delicate in appearance, with dark hair and expressive blue eyes, the Duchess© do Luynes is active in her habits, and makes the most of he: time. She rises early, dresses neatly and well, superintends the education of he» children, organizes trips and excursions for their benefit, rides, hunts and travels with as much zest as any English girl. Not three years ago she went all over Algeria with Comtesse Patocka and Mine. de Brantes. But her chief delight is in painting. She was one of a bevy of aristocratic pupils of Cot, among whom were Miles, de Sartiges, De Banuelos, De Segur—now Comtesse de Guerne—and Mile. de Goulaine, now Comtesse de Mailly-Nesle. (hie of lier best friends is the Marquise d'Hervey de Saint-Denis— in art “Louise Dubreau”—formerly a constant attendant at the master s studio. Tile duchesse herself puts the signature “Yolande Dalbert” to all her art work.    Theodore Stanton. Tho Dniaml* of Cultnre. To be wrapped up in self, to disregard all appearances, and to show an indifference amounting to contempt for the opinions and the esteem of others, is certainly selfish and unlovely. Yet to live without any special individuality, to bask only in the smile of the public, and to wither at its neglect, is equally egotistical and narrow. Both imply that unmixed self love which is wholly occupied in searching for its own happiness, though in different ways. When men and women come to be thoroughly interested in something outside of self, they forget about their own special preferences, and accept either privacy or publicity, according to the degree in which either can be made subservient to the subject in hand. There is no other cure for the self-consciousness which makes one person shy and reserved and another vain and boastful; which makes one person scorn and ignore his fellow men aud another live only in the light of their attention and applause. True culture demands sufficient privacy to preserve individuality, and sufficient publicity to do all the good that is possible, and he who so combines them in his own person secures some of the most necessary* elements of a valuable and a happy life.—New York Independent. generals of the Confederate army. He fought desperately against overwhelming odds, and being beaten has been one of those who accepted defeat gracefully and rn an full}’. He was also a soldier in the Mexican war, and the night after the battle of Cerro Gordo enjoyed a most novel experience. He slept in a horse stall with two other young soldiers, one of them being Maj. Robert Edward Lee, and the other Capt. U. S. Grant. Lee and Grant, whom the fates had destined to meet twenty years later at Appomattox, slept under one blanket and with their heads together under the same manger. Like his bedfellows of that memorable night Gen. Wilcox was a graduate of West Point. Ile had, indeed, just left the academy and taken his commission. “One of my classmates at West Point,” says Gen. Wilcox, “was a young man named Thomas F. M. McLain. He came from Missouri, and was admitted to West Point in the year 1841. McLain was one of the most peculiar men I ever knew. There seemed to be something wild and solitary in his composition. He was full of strange moods, un I none of his cla>''-mates was able to understand what manner of man he was. lie was studious, and got along nicely in his class, but had few friends. His only bad habit was drink. Two or three times he was disciplined for intoxication. McLain was a dark skinned, black eyed young fellow, with a great shock of black, coarse hair. His resemblance to a buffalo was so striking that all the cadets called him ‘Bison McLain.’ By that name he was known as long as he j remained at West Point, which was not a great while, for his habit of sneaking liquor into his quarters and drinking more thereof than was good for him finally caused his expulsion. The Mexican war broke out soon afterward, and we heard that Bison McLain had started for the scene of conflict. But at Galveston lie became involved in a quarrel with a planter and killed him, and to escape justice fled to New Mexico and Arizona. “This was the last I heard of Bison McLain for many years,” continued Gen. Wilcox, “but a short time ago I met an old friend of mine, Capt. Paige, of the Confederate army. Paige was at West Point the same time I was, and of course knew McLain there. It was a startling story he had to tell me—a story which I might not have been inclined to believe but for my acquaintance with the narrator. Paige had been in the government service out west, an I was a member of th** surveying and scientific party sent to explore the Gila river and its valley. The route finally carried tile expedition into tile country of the Mojave Apaches, the worst Indians in the southwest, and at that time violently hostile. Hence all possible precautions against surprise were taken by the commander of the expedition. Travel was exclusively by daylight, and at night the boats were tied to the shore in the safest places that could bo found. No Indians had been seen, but tho prudent commander did not for that reason relax his precautions. “Imagine, therefore, the surprise and consternation which my friend Paige and his comrades must have felt when one night a band of fifty Mojave?, unarmed. walked quietly into the midst of the camp and sat down around the tires. Their intentions were evidently peaceable. and beyond feeling to see that their revolvers were iii place, ready for instant use, the white men made no demonstration. At tho head of the viators, evidently their leader and spokesman, was one big, shaggy fellow who did not sit down, but who fixed his gaze on Capt. Paige most determinedly. Paige looked at him for some time also, but the chief was I he first to speak. “ ‘How are you, Paige?' he exclaimed. ‘You don't know me, (lo you?’ “ ’I certainly do not,’ replied Paige in amazement. “ ‘I knew you at West Point,’ continued the chief: ‘I am Bison McLain. Do you remember me?’ “Paige stepped forward to shake hands with bis old classmate, but a word from the latter spoken in French caused him to stop. McLain, for reasons of his own, did not want his followers to know that he and Paige had once been friends. Then, at Paige's request, McLain told his story. On fleeing from Galveston to escape the consequences of his crime he had gone alone into the wild regions of New Mexico and Arizona, made friends with the Indians and been elected a minor chief in the tribe of Mojaves. He declared that he had forever renonnced civilization and would live and die an Indian. The more thoroughly to identify himself with the wild people with whom his lot had been cast he adopted their style of dress, in bo far as it was convenient, and married a Mojave woman. “ ‘I have the confidence of these Indians,’ he said to Paige, speaking in French in order to make sure that none of his followers caught even an inkling of what he was saying. ‘They think me a great war captain, and in truth the little knowledge of the art of war which I gained at West Point has stood me in as his small knowledge of ApS-he would permit the night of the strange visit. and had learned that McLain wa- known among the Mojaves as ‘Chief White Bull.’ At least tim scout thought it was ‘White Bull.’ Ile knew that it was ‘Bull,’ but he was not so certain of the prefix. “That was in 1863. In ISG? there was a pitched battle between the Mojaves and a detachment cf troops in the Gila river country. The tpoops were defeated, and defeated because of the masterly tactics displayed by the Indians. The officers were surprise I and astounded at the familiarity with tile art of war dis played by their foe. and were at a loss to account for it till they heard rumors that tile M >jave war chief, or captain, was an ex-cadet at West Point military academy. Tiffs engagement was described iii a recent number of The Century Magazine, and in that article the writer, one of the ofue-rs who was in the battle, pays high tribute to the military -kill displayed by his unknown antagonist. “This is all I know positively of the career of ’Bi-on’McLain." Gen. Wilcox Wellton. “But I have reasons for believing that ho left ti:1 southwestern country and moved into the northwest. The Mojave A pac h * have b*en pretty well broken tip. and if M -Lain had continued to r -i'll* with them he would have Iteen uncovered. II 11 he in t with death in the tribe some traditions of the taking off of such a unique and noted diameter would be Hic Iv to exist ani cig his fellows or in the annals of the fr n-tier. What more natural than ti. it McLain. perceiving the gradual en roueh-j men! of th * white- on the Arizona coun-I try. and discovering the mineral Ie cliar-icter of the Indians among xvii >m lie had rast his lot. and perhaps tiring of the family ties which lie had form I, should seek t > latter his condition and enlarge FEW WEEKS ago we published an article or: a new system In vogue in some parts* of the country to name country road- and number tho farm houses similar to the street and number system in cities. We suggested the adaptability of the system for I)' -Moines county arid proposed to continue the discussion, hoping to awaken a special Interest in it, not only at home but wherever The Ii xwK-EvEcircuIa’*--. as we believe the system is only a forerunner. (and a neees-ary one) of lie country delivery of mail matter. Elsewhere in tiffs issue we chronicle th** extension of the daily mail service to the towns of Northfield, Huron and Kingston in tiffs county, a convenience obtained for th*1 people in that section through til*: personal effort-of Congressman Gear. Why -bu ild nm ♦•very village in Ii*1- Moire - county fit.--a daily mail and. a- soon as th*- population ha- iocrea-ed a little more, have tin* mail delivered at tin* f irm houses ny mounted hitter carriers? In spar-* !> settled corninuriith s tiff- might be don* , at flr*t semi-weekly aud trl.weekly uncording D* circumstances, but in ti:*- more thickly populated ruralcommuniiii1-render a daily -ervice. But if the matter were left to Tnt: lf wvk-Ex h to dec iff*- it would make r a condition precedent to a delivery service that every county or township ifiu-served must tir-t build and maintain good roads. It would not be just or reasonable to a~k th** general government, ’*> incur the expense of a country delivery of mail and require the carrieis struggle along over muddy, miry and rough roads. That it will pay, ♦•veil in a purely economic sen-e is shown by I-aio It. Potter in his address to th-New York State Roads Improvement association, in which he -ay- tha it has been shown by th*1 expert of other countries, arid to a lim • gree in tna- * portion; try where good r< a strutted, th it a pr till.* ch IT be devot the ink ff tho p .fin would r> object in ways are agricult ■ to th*- w: The or genera] and ride his own him th •: most use only cf hic would od for lr, fact * which * great t higb-to tho ISS, but OU.” fie in a all the 'T; ■ the he walk* road from It is to I. rn the •titutiona. WOMAN’S WORLD IN PARAGRAPHS r;^;*t Lac ii s; A [Copyright by A Thoro is a sh lacing again, waists now in f who looks like the graceful, w at ti -* wai:-, g her han ikerck; : in in Vogue, Fity! so! i'-aa Pr**** As to ’lore'* th* celation.I ? of tight r trrow ■a girl c. with all * bpf I I v* . •<; * ; I x ii with-1 diving . sly at the • I • it; if awkward , unable to men inch ; fa-;> auth© girl . n mg left if h< A gi or * ar have i-wlv c •n* an ni* all >wn c been c mst me Pleast nee of >m a purely eco-v ast Iv cheaper road- to which ccnstoined. In *.f Europe, and ■anet*, italy and public road is used, the most be can I for of The poop!* road is rn ‘ only c n ii -the sat if et: n aul e« who use it. but that fr nomic standpoint it i than th« mi- rabic dir we have long been < many of the c untr. -notably in England, F the German states, th* looked upon as the in -needed and the most t< ail public institutions, me people or those countries have ascertained by repeated experiments, and by long use of a splendid system of highways, that one horse working upon a good road is sufficient to do the work for which two horses, and in some cas«?s three, were formerly required. To illustrate more exactly, it i- found by repeated careful experiments that an ordinary wagon (with wagon b ad of one gross ton. 2.210 pounds), when drawn upon a level road, requires an exertion of different ti -grees of horizontal force as follows: FO HOT ftFQCTKFD TO TOV ao< t dei! Us, cf * hav w< : Y. : the st r> ti. of: co v in V la f ixon tin Obis j we fir; e *1 SU*. in At; V t; ce le J- lait pavement..... >d macadam, trith Pounds  15 Olinda-  4* On N^r-On well tion.. On a co From an will lie seen that the horizontal force pull require I to move the loaded wag n earth r inspe* <n of this tach Iii ani Yellowstone 4 Horn—the with the t! influence by seekin nobler Indians of th Bl ick Hills and the Id .. like Sioux? “That i- just what M Lain di I. in my opinion I firmly believe that ‘Bi-in McLain, expelled from West Point, a fugitive from Galveston, was chief of the Mojave Apaches, migrated b> the Sioux country and became the famous Sitting Ball. We have no photographs of Sitting Bull, as he ii a- always refit-- I to sit liefer© a cam ra. claiming that i i lie ’bad medicine.’ unlucky; but such sketches as we have of him show a striking resemblance bet vt- *n his head and face and the head ani lac1 which at West Point led us to nickname their owner ‘Bison’ McLain. It is said Sitting Bull is a medicine chief and n it a war chief at all. but how erroneous tiff-i-must appear from consideration of Irs great campaigns in the last fifteen years. Were Custer alive he would not s ix* Sitting Bull was a medicine chief. Custer found to his cost that Sitting Bull knew th art of war. Crook learned th*? same tiling. There1 has always Ihvii a mystery about Sitting Bull, and I believe if it could be cleared up he would be found to be none other than my old friend McLain. Maj. McLaughlin, of the army, tells me in his opinion Sitting Bull is a white man. and familiar with both French and English. My friend Col. Taylor, of this city, has written a little book to show that Sitting Bull was a white man, educated by the Jesuits in Canada. That would account for his knowledge of English and French, butut would not account for his familiarity with the art of war as taught at West Point—a familiarity which has enabled him to anticipate precisely what his foe. the United States troops, would do at any particular crisis.” Gen. Wilcox is one of the most prominent citizens of Washington. He was strongly urged upon President Harrison a few days ago for appointment to the vacant commissionership of the District of Columbia. He is nearly related to ex-Attorney General Garland. A little romance in Gen. Wilcox's life is worth mentioning. He and the late Gen. George Ii. McClellan were as young men fast friends. Both loved the same young lady. Magnanimously Gen. Wilcox stepped aside, and left the way clear to a union between his friend aud the woman he loved. McClellan did marry the girl, and McClellan aud Wilcox were warm friends as long as the former lived.    Walter    Wellman. I lie riaiu Truth. Extract from a student's letter to his father written after a visit to a pawnbroker's : “Dear Father: lam glad to be able to sav that ar present I fairly live on education. My books, so to speak, are meatand drink to me.”—Fliegende Blaet-ter.    ______ Rapid Transit. Teacher—Now, Johnny, I am going to tell you how fast sound travels. It moves at the rate of 16.000 miles in a minute! Johnny—That's funny! My father came on from New York to Fall River the other night, by sound, and it took him ten hours.—Lowell Citizen. ever the common earth read is about four and or. “-Ii a lf times the force required to move the fame h ad over til© well fin!-he-1 macadam rea l. It is therefore easy to »■< include that an immense saving of time, labor and horses would result from the general adoption of roads of this character, and by pursuing the inquiry a little further it may be seen that the annual loss to our state in main raining our system of social commercial communication by the use of as bad a system of dirt roads as was ever endured by a civilized people is almost incalculable. Th-w *lay when this condition of affairs might have been excused has gone by. Our roads are “constructed" and maintained in very much the same manner as in colonial times, when the state was per in lands and poor in purse, and internal communication so limited tis to make th© building of the better system of roads inexpedient, if not impracticable. In th* last annual report of the United States commissioners of agriculture l*iss, th - present ii ■ I of better roads throughout the country is set forth in language so timely and so emphatic that tho writer Ins d- email it proper to quote briefly from the w r Is of the report. The commissioner Bays: “The common road* of th© country ar© the vein* and anteri ■- through which How the agricultural productions and the commercial supplies, which are the life blood of til© nation, to those great ducts of travel and transportation the railroads of the country. “While our railway system has become the most- perfect in the world, the common roads of the United States have been neglected and are inferior to those of any other civil1,:;- I country in the world. They are deficient in every necessary qualification that is an attribute to a good road—in direction, in slope, in sh apx1 and service, an I, most of all, in I want of repair. These deficiencies have resulted not only from an ignorance of true principles of road making, but also from the varied systems of road build-| ing in force in the several states of the Union, due ti* defective legislation. The principle .mon which th© several states - •elated a lows: I said epi-with name elation rt of d New rid now ill tho an as h y are ination in fcuc-The various This f action v I, .an of her FtTiS rn y. of Tao ens. She r - f tho LT.50 a - pa. I ie* aly tele* ii Ming ery after* ■ up-lairs t * f her is - the eter-h© Associ- ivir.g in-pi- -s its the shape Fast she s a night a. rn. this her type'll ins trade draws , alone and night, .and r work in started in may i*>r--• -ring the a inc rpo-y E. An-ehairman of its ob- iiad Well will I e erected. I for the - either advance will par* col Wi I Iii. Ev tombs of im. h A no :t VT: en th. (ill WI I the rail the India cast© svs* Lady i *r .against th ricer >v. raised fur f erin ass* of their o <>f India. ailed upply •h of thch road legislatrix' system <-f have based un tion is known as the *roa I personal service and e nnmutaiion, which is unsound as a principle, unjust in its operations, wasteful in it* practice an.] nn.sati*factory in ir < results. It is a relic of feudalism borrowed from the‘stature labor of England, and its evil results are today apparent iii th 1 n 'lofted av! iii condition* d common road* of the conn try “It is a question of vast importance to th© welfare of this nation that these ar I, India tinct! hush? ism o Duff. of na gives of th Mull* of India tile woe I took wa journal t > and i* in t iv i a t :>r v. fir n til lass y I**1 ir.tro-- Russian fihe capital f th • queer 35 each. . . lo* , the largest i h brilliant, aff rin, has bout the first i concerning >si unary nor vt. dealing ns, but with rrors of the widowhood I st efforts husband was exertions she ie Lady Duf-ig physicians >; ing women I. h-tors were n -bes of This vt ry part of . lin s dis-jffory of her do* * Iv despot-rmah. Lady fin all classes ad low, and • hidden life -sot Max ©©ration ration of ladyship's f- rin of a ■r mother, rote • reg rem a1 n v en d classes T1 agneau ar; reef tones life should effort that and that rn remedy th ■ defects i tablish a s\ ten; th;; .I and commercial the attention and lr ir importance deserves, effort should be made to >w existing, and e* could bo made uni- ill ta of the Once a day—whenever yon like—take the juice of a lemon in water. That’s another war to live forever. form and efficient in union. “By the improvement of these common roads every branch of our agricultural, commercial and manufacturing industries would lie materially benefited. Every article brought to market would lie diminished in price, the number of horses ne-essarv as a motive power would be reduced, and by these and other improvements millions of dollars would be annually saved to the public. The exp use of repairing roads and tho wear aud tear of vehicles and horses would be essentially diminished, and the thousands of acres of land, the products of which are now wasted in feeding unnecessary nimals in order to carr}’on excel a A wee;rn thing that i th** eiilv tru Mrs. Grand standing. The Some posed Of WO Mr. Oran' truest frien ever had. h; women t nalists. der beautiful a selves be sc ti rant, brin It is a mi* to t: my wear any-ber. That is > be observe I, ran* notwith- len, Aile Part of her mb Jessie Mein! vent*''! sometir It is an app-ara: during tramp' had an eye to latent fcr f i invested th now has rn raffle club in London, comas 090 members. . who swears he is the ]• *ver of women they i at it again, begging I    negrophers, jour- ilungs, and be simply therm mid let them-■i hymen. All right, car mon. I suppose that woman’s irto is to x>leaso men. rn is to please herself. ’n tosh, cf Georgia, has inning worth while inventing, rams for keeping fruit fresh sp. rtat: n. Miss McIntosh to badness. She sold her valuable consideration, and money so shrewdly that sh® iriv three time® aa much a® >a y< Vc t* abe had two years ago. ;