Burlington Hawk Eye, September 7, 1890 : Front Page

Publication: Burlington Hawk Eye September 7, 1890

Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - September 7, 1890, Burlington, Iowa HAWK-EYE. R ♦ PART ONE. ♦ PAGES I TO 4. jUSHED: JOKE, 1889.)BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING! SEPTEMBER 7, 1800—EIGHT PAGES. (PRICE: 15 CERTS PER WEEK jig CATHOLIC CHURCH. lisles from the Propaganda of lls General Condition. . tai Report for th* World-Detalti r^Irore.for the United States-T»e Work In Australia and Africa—R«ll*,ou* Note*- folk. ~ It is probable that the first Christian church in Heligoland was built by English hands, or at least under Engild direction and after an Engli*b pi*** Willibrord baptized his first three converts in the holy well reverenced by pirates and shippers in the north. Kpiaeopal Sunday School Offerings. Mr. Orlando Crease, treasurer of tile Episcopal Sunday School Association of the Diocese of Pennsylvania, reports as ICT* |«enu; Dt!aut?fr 'bd'-ye art rcv*rt TS aunt ti ia mi®i< IO thew chi bi- 1 ajnual report just issued by the Aggregation of the Propaganda, aves the statistics of the Catho-"Efflh throughout the world. The ta book of 616 pages. An acct the work being done in each * riven. Each account is toitoi a statistical table, which furn-thelatest returns prior to the time was sent to press, June SI. , _ the figures of the Catholic k the United States: Catholics, [jte priests, 7,657; churches, 7,072; ’ I g5g. parochial schools, 3,600; 543.197; charitable institutions, ligand has 3.808,696 Catholics, chtrches and chapels, 1,097 parish iests, 5,394 schools and <» returns for England 'atholics, 1,352,278; I churches 1,324. In >36,643 Catholicsr of urds. 220.000, are in lasgow: 304 churches, ols, and 3 seminaries. ae work in Australia is ,'o Irish priests went Mr- *s. hut they soon re-naave land because they \ to exercise their religion h un, another Irish priest, xperience in Australia at n- af this century, but shortly iv eminent ordered that Cath-naries should be tolerated. river by the propaganda's 'iat out of over 2,400,000 in-u Australia and Tasmania rat! dies. There are 1,387 lid cl pels, 594 priests, 707 sh dare and 3 seminaries. >]mlation of 4,085,000, lier his of the Church of y .ave 638 churches and ]»    .,    314 educational ra ni i charitable institutions. i shows up well in the 070,531 Catholics, 2;155 pols, 2,361 priests, 4,940 ■ Mfcutions, 112 charitable . 19 seminaries. Tho Cath-ai i Japan number 40,930, 114, and the stations, , without resident pastors, schools Lenten offerings amounting to |6,722.11, beside which there was reported to but not received by the treasurer $1,765.24 from nineteen Sunday schools, making the total Lenten offerings of these schools for 1890 $8,487.85. He also reports total offerings for 1878 to missions, $2,750; 1879, $3,080.85; 1880, $3,175.04; 1881, $8,723.99; 1882, $5,157.58; 1888, $4,209.16; 1884. $4,942.87; 1885, $3,-845.12; 1886, $4,148.86; 1887, $5,979.86; 1888, $7,529.83; 1889, $5,414.92; 1890, $6,-722.11; total for thirteen years, $60,-678.74; additional special contributions, $1,765.24 for 1890; total, $28,180.65; advent offerings 1883,1884,1885,1886,1887, 1888, 1889 ($880.54), $5,280.54; total offerings to all objects, $89,139.93. Congregationalism in Connecticut. The total membership of the Congregational church in Connecticut is 58,305; settled pastors, 111; pastors not installed, 83; churches supplied, 74; vacant churches, 34; benevolent contributions, $346,582; charitable legacies, $114,899; value of church property, $5,011,151. |g I: ibid1' cr d - if- ortgi biinn’- SECRET SOCIETY GOSSIP. What is Going On in the Various Lodge Rooms. The Bo jai Arcanum's Supreme Regent— Odd Fellow Statistic*—An Old .Masonic Apron—A. O.IT. W. Matters—Other Orders. Little Sisters of the Poor. The Little Sisters of the Poor have now a membership of 6,000. Their only mother house is located in France, where from 500 to 600 novices are in attendance. Their training consists in learning to nurse the sick, cook and make over old clothes and mend them. ARABIA. HOO Th#* ■ hoars, i Esp* este, tab • mufti ut loci cr ti lyOcJJK kl due *1 smi'u- iinese empire has 549,246 I 38 churches and chapels, s i missionaries, 342 native schools, 43,841 scholars and i, which have 960 students. .s, or those in preparation for i to the Catholic church, are in these figures. The num-olics in the East Indies is nary stations, 544; churches 2,891; educational institu-attended by 74,200 pupils; •is, with 585 students; 636 T(,p{ ■. i ssionaries. 235 native priests, ll' ( 'loan asylums An iii ©sting story is that of the sonar) work in the recently discard pats of Africa. The mission ^ Umbebasia vas established by decree July 3,1879. The Rev. Father Schaller and the Rev Thomas Fogarty, priests of the Congregation of the Holy Ghost » 5 Sacred Jlfert of Mary, are the pre-and vie [orefect respectively. Four 3 p o it French Congo mission MSfol. It has only 500 Catho-i .cs, "but 'eport says that there are noherrtiifhe fathers of the Immac-\la^' Hejf Mary direct the Belgian ■ Togo nn’ • ain, which was founded by Tee • *of y 2, 1888. There are but ,y n, vat Catholics. The Vicomte .poetolic ’ Upper Congo, which is nerved by lie Algerian missionaries, was establisied ten years ago; but that of the Lowe. Congo dates from June 27, IWO. All if Africa that is dependent the propaganda has 377,400 Catholics, ’4 station., 709 churches and chapels, 743 priests, 966 educational institutions, il^riiaritable institutions. A special department of the report how the world is supplied with .(manes. There are numerous col-especially for this purpose. St. Peter and Paul's, established in Rome 1867, has 3 students in the seminary iud 18 in the missions- the English college, 24; the Scots college, 24; the Irish college, 36; the American college, 65; the Canadian college, 18. Of the colleges outside of Rome the Lyons sem-for African missions has 68 students; the Milan seminary for foreign tuitions, 17; the Verona seminary, 13; theAlbanese college, 27; the American :e, Louvain, 65 students in tho •Binary and 398 in the missions, of whom IO are bishops; and the Irish college, Paris, IOO. There are many other colleges, of little interest to Americans, which send missionaries to all lands.— New York Sun. Across red sultry leagues of burning land, An arid terror and tho dread of man, Wearily crawls through seas of blistering sand The straggling groups of a great caravan. With dates and doura from the Yemen's shore It braves the pitiless desert's fiercest heat; Tile thirsty camels totter, faint and sore; The suffering Bedouins dream of cisterns sweet, The road is long, and no refreshing palm Charms the infecund waste with verdant plumes; The death sun tortured them, the awful calm Angrily hints of imminent simooms! Mecca, the wonder, with its bright, broad walls, Has been the goal that they will never reach, And every hot and savage ray that falls Is doomed their fated skeletons So bleach! No more shall these poor wanderers behold The holy Caaba and the sacred shrine. Where in a maze of marble and of gold The Prophet slumbers in his rest divine! The Hon. Legh R. Watts, the supreme regent of the Royal Arcanum, is an honored ■on of the Old Dominion, Bays The Buffalo Express. He was born in Portsmouth, Va., Dec. 12, 1843. He was educated at Norfolk academy and the University of Virginia. He served in the Confederate army du r-ing the war, and since its close has been closely engaged in the practice of his chosen profess ion—t he law—in his native city. He has held many and varied important civic of- hon. legh b. watts. flees. He is the president of the National bank at Portsmouth. For four years he was judge of the corporation court of Portsmouth, and for many years has been the president of its council: He has been several times a presidential elector of Vir ginia upon tho Democratic ticket. He has for more than ten years been a devoted member of the order. A charter member of Portsmouth council, No. 227, instituted Jan. 3, 1879, he became its first regent. Ile was a member of his grand council in the year 1880, and was elected in 1882 as supreme representative, and was re-elected in 1883. In 1885 he was unanimously elected supreme orator, and was promoted from that office by unanimous election in 1887 to the office of supreme vice regent , aud at the last session of the supreme council was selected, by a vote of entire and hearty unanimity, as the leader of the Arcanum hosts for the year 1889-90.    _______ I. O. O. F. novelty. The idea is a colonial one, ae fur many years lodges under the grand lodge of New South Wales have held these socials with great success.’' There is confusion among the craft in New Zealand. The assumption of forming a grand lodge by a majority of lodges has caused serious discord. Knowing that unanimity is essential, the majority should have waited until all the lodges consented to the change. Information from Tasmania carries the inference that a grand lodge has been formed by assent of all the lodges in the province. There are 153,277 affiliated Royal Aich Masons in the United States. New Y4rk reports 15,646, the largest capitular juia-diction in the country. Connecticut has 111 lodges, with an average membership of 239. The Grand Mark lodge of England over £1,600 to the credit of its three be olent funds. It educates thirty-two ch|-dren in a home specially provided. A. O. U. W. The Three Leading Jurisdictions—Othei Items. Missouri has the largest number of Jod of any jurisdiction; New York comes next,] Illinois third. The number of lodges in \ S|ALL WOMEN PROPOSE / Lillip Devereux Blake Discusses an I Interesting Question. I__ I Not Hi Favor of a General Reform la thta Direction—There are Times Whoa the Question May bo Pat br the Ups of tho Lady. Many years ago Dr. Horace BushndSL a distinguished divine of Hartford, Confit, published a book called “The Reform Against Nature,” which was intended forever to annihilate the demand for woman suffrage, then just assuming important proportions. The learned author thought that his fulminations from his •tody chair would bring consternation |Fto what his Puritan predecessor, the Rev. John Knox, called “the monstrous regiment of women.” But aa the eloquent gentleman’s premises were false his reasoning could not fail of being fallacious, and therefore his diatribes fell harmless. He assumed, as all the opponents of our cause have done, that the enfran- these respective jurisdictions at the close I ~    ‘I    ~    ’    ,7    i    iT“!T of tho hut fiscal year is shown by the re- \chlsement of women would lead to-tho Nor shall their balsams, myrrh and precious stones Be sold through Djedda's intricate basan, And none will hear the muezzin when he drones The throng to mosque below Medinlan stars. Shrieking to heedless Allah, sore afraid, By wafts of maddening, cruel heat o'erpowered, Id graves of shifting sand they will be laid, By ravenous swarms of locusts be devoured; While o'er their scorched and withered bodies, strewn In disarray amid deserted tents, The irreproachable and callous moon Will rise in her serene magnificence! —Pittsburg Bulletin. Statistics of Lutheran Growth. The Lutheran church is very unequally distributed over the United States. It |ha# followed the tide of immigration : from northern Europe, where the state (Churches are all Lutheran, and hence [ Las its stronghold in the middle and Nestem states. In Illinois, Wisconsin, I Minnesota and the two Dakotas it is ji numerically the strongest Protestant I domination, although it is not such in I influence on the public thought and [moralsof the community, since its mem-wn are nearly all non-English. Alaska •od Vermont are the only states in which wm Lutheran church has no representa-®on- There is one pastor each in Arizo-te, Maine, New Mexico and Rhode Isl-d? two in New Hampshire. The ™®®ase is then gradual until the Dako-to are reached, which have 168 pastors; 180; Iowa, 172; Kansas, 180; 1,195; Missouri. 138; Nebraska, pastors live in New York; Ohio 1852; Wisconsin, 408; Minnesota, 458; is, 480, and Pennsylvania, 692. Clergyman.,, Retiring Fund. vt"® Clergyman's Retiring Fund so- ahant af06 ^ov" *’ ^1HS received r^tflO.OOO, which is twice as much as and a third more than in 1889. OOO received during the last two by card pledges is not included J*** figures. The interest in the so-is growing and a church pension ^ is m the air. Religion in Heligoland. Th® Christianity in Heligoland is purely English in origin. The first mention island under its present name, vfu* Lsland,” says The Pall Mall jpttefcte, occurs in the life of the North- How One Actress Lives in Summer. “It is the popular notion,” said a well known actor, “that theatrical people as a rule have a hard time to make both ends meet during the summer months. This supposition, however, it is safe to say, is only true in part, for the spendthrift spirit of earlier days, which has been the staple of many a pleasant recital, is no longer a characteristic professional vice. Those who scatter their money to the winds, and in consequence spend the heated term in a state of uncomfortable impecuniosity, are few and far between. There are many of the acting guild who have deft fingers and apt minds for other departments of life’s work, and when their season is ended in the labor of their choice they turn to those other employments, and find the rest of agreeable change as well as the profits of honest industry. “Cases in point are numerous, but I will tell you of one which is typical. I am acquainted with a young actress who during the stage vacation earns a snug income by turning the bark of the birch tree to decorative uses. She makes pictures from the crude article by cutting outline flgures of men, women and children and the inferior animala and pasting them on black cardboard, afterward filling in the details with white lead. The combination produces a pleasing and striking silhouette effect. Different hues of the bark are employed in imparting contrasting colors to odd pictures. The bark can be made to produce either comical or serious effects, according to the picture maker. Eyes, hair, buttons, etc., are put in with India ink. The actress I refer to is not only young but pretty, highly educated and a general favorite as well, and her father is an active member of the journalistic fraternity. Perhaps I am indiscreet In thus giving her summer secret away, so I will make some amends by withholding her name.” — Philadelphia T~-luirer- _______ When the Stopper Sticks. Take a steel pin or needle and run it round the top of the stopper in the angle formed by it and the bottle. Then hold the vessel in your left hand and give it a steady twist toward you with the right, and it will very often be effectual, as the adhesion is frequently caused by the solidification of matter only at the point nearest the air.—New York Ledger. Average Cost of Membership Per Year. Other Notes.    ♦ Bvt). Charles H. Gard, of Chicago, has prepared an interesting statement for The Odd Fellows’ Herald. He shows that the average cost of membership per member per year is as follows in the various jurisdictions; Washington, $27.33; Denmark, $26.12; Arizona, $22.85; British Columbia, $20.32; California, $19.27; Idaho, $19.20; Utah, $18.75; Nevada, $18.45; Texas, $18.15; Oregon, $18.05; Montana, $17.80; Quebec, $17.69; Switzerland, $15.60; Rhode Island, $15.29; Delaware, $14.83; New Mexico, $13.99; District of Columbia, $12.66; Dakota, $12.29; Manitoba, $11.19; New Jersey, $10.88; Colorado, $10.86; Minnesota, $10.63; Wyoming, $10.57; Louisiana, $10.32; West Virginia, $10.25;- Indiana, $10.23; Ontario, $9.96; Pennsylvania, $9.93; Illinois, $9.46; Connecticut, $9.39; Massachusetts, $9.30; New York, $9.18; Mississippi, $9.14; Ohio, $9.12; Nebraska, $8.93; Virginia, $8.73; Tennessee, $8.23; Wisconsin, $8.13; Kansas, $8.11; Florida, $8.01; Alabama, $8; North Carolina, $7.54; Maine, (7.20; Maryland, $7.09; Georgia, $7.06; Arkansas, $7.02; New Hampshire, $6.94; Missouri, $6.86; South Carolina, $6.37; Vermont, $6.05; Kentucky, $5.90; Michigan, $5.76; lower provinces of British North America, $5.64; Iowa, $5.87. There is a difference of $21.96 between the amount paid by each member per year in Washington and the amount paid per year by each member in Iowa. Mr. Gard makes the total membership 582,206, the total moneys paid in to the lodges as revenue from all sources per year $5,727,-568.31 and the average per member $9.83. In Missouri the amount of sick benefits per week is made by the constitution to be just one-half the annual dues. There are now about forty-five Odd Fe! lows’ insurance companies. The income last year approximated $1,669,023.97. A lodge was recently instituted in San Jose, Cal., in which the charges in the initiation were given *n Norwegian language. The Odd Fellows’ Temple association, of Chicago, has been incorporated to erect temple in Chicago; capital, $500,000. In addition to the lodge rooms there will be a large auditorium that will accommodate 10,000 people. Office rooms will also be arranged for, and it is the intention of th association to make it the finest temple i the country. The new building will about $1,000,000. A lodge in Maryland recently divided/ assets among its members, amount! $80 or more each. One brother ref us accept his share, and for his loyalty order in so doing a gold medal w seated to him by order of the grand port of the supreme recorder to be as follows: Missouri, 424; New York, 414: Illinois, 347. The Canadian lodges continue to keep up their rapid pace in the work for new members. Grand Recorder Carder reports 237 applicat ions received during the month of June. The total disbursements of the bene fieiary fund of all the jurisdictions for the year 1889 make a grand total of $4,153,-708.28. The total number of death losses during the year were 2,049. There are 3,859 lodges of the order, according to the report of the supreme recorder, making an increase of 231 for th# last fiscal year. » Grand Island, Neb., is to have an A OLI. W. temple. There are three degrees in the new ftual of the select knights.    / In Ontario it is possible for a mercer to make his certificate payable to his i fended wife.    / The relative gains for the last ye/ of Missouri and Illinois gave MissouriPoly one lodge more than Illinois. Missal*’s gain was nine. Illinois’ eight.    / KNIGHTS OF THE GOLD^ EAGLE. th/** "L aivers*ry. Celebration of the Fifteen! Facts and Fign The celebration of the tiff nth anniver sary of the introduction of ie Knights of the Golden Eagle into F?®J*van*a» on Oct. I, promises to lie atfo®d with imposing ceremonies throi/o*R the entire Btate, the various castleaivin& appointed anniversary committees perfect arrangements. The aggregate nam missions by card, dis: reinstatements duri an average of ll members Dec. 31, during the past s} ted by card and f initiations, ad-certificates and he year was 3,985, tie. Number of 33,443; initiated onths, 3,739; admit-cate, 69; reinstated. 127; withdrawn    deceased, 154; expelled, 16; resig^ • rejected, 150. Membership J® 34.908, an increase of I 565. The m/jers P divided as follows: Past sub16 cbfefe» 4; past grand chiefs, 19; past/efs- 5’34l; crusaders, 29.-034- knights * Pilgrims, 407. Number of castles DeC 1889« 34^ instituted dor-tag the paer “°"hs- 21: D"mb" «* castles Juno1890* 362-At the (^on °* tl10 supreme castle held recent11 Pitsburg, Pa., Supreme Sir Herald”1*®® Sumner, of Windsor Castle, V* was beefed supreme vice chief, l_ United friends. Mortal T for set dict in Massachusetts—To Extend the Order. centage of mortality in the order r 1889 was greater in Massachn-,n in any other state in the juris- r proposition to extend the jurisdic-Jt the imperial council is meeting with favor, and at the next session it so voted. It will be remembered rder only covers New England, New rk, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Ohio, argo number of members of the order o have moved to the western states mise to help introduce it into their ities, should permission be given. New councils are being instituted every month in Pennsylvania and New York. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. tbs In- A Woman Who Has Succeeded. Miss Cynthia M. Westover, the private secretary of Commissioner Bans S. Beattie, of the street cleaning department, draws the largest salary of any woman secretary in New York. She succeeded Gilbert O. F. Nicoll, who was promoted to the position of chief clerk in the department, and she gets $1,500 a year. Miss Westover went into the New York custom house during the Magone administration, and won distinction as an infector When Mr. Beattie was appointed surveyor of the port ct New York rte be-came his private secretary, and Surveyor Lyon engaged her in the same capacity when he took charge of the office about a ^ Misif Westover is a western woman of birth and education, and is conversant with several foreign languages. This mv complishment will be very useful rn the many inquiries that have to be mad among the Italian and other foreign labor- to prevent the P^dUng out of npi^rt A Splendid Temple in Memory Order’* Founder—ItemA The supreme lodge of the Knights of Pythias at MilwaulQ to erect a memorial temple in h(jer late Justus H. Rathbone, the/^ the order, and at the time of ^he past grand supreme chance^ wag world of the order. The ^o^eart, brought about by Mr. Rtehf^aslling_ the supreme representative^ a resolute jurisdiction, who intro sucha tion providing for the enfeived> an(J temple. It was favoralj^g commit-Mr. Goodheart was place, The tee having the matter ihjgton, and its pie will be located in ’Attendance of dedication Will require^ magnificent all the supreme offic# a cost cf not memorial will be er^jj ^ the plans less than $100,000, an^m be rapidly are perfected the V pushed to complete lodges Knights Iowa has 268 sub<^ated membership of Pythias, with a| the past year, or of about 14,000. ^^n grand chancel- since W. A. Greej lor, tbirty-tnree ganized and sev organized. Toledo has allot them Six of these I chased a lot pose build! high, at a The gran its last chase a P. Gage, whoj past five have been or-jr defunct lodges re efs ment tickets. She is a remarkably pretty woman of about 28, but does not appear to be over 21.-New York Press. Circumstantial Evidence. Wag®—It has recently been proved that baseball was played in Pompeii. Gagga—-How can that be?    . Yeagers—The remains of an unmistakable umpire have been found scattered in various sections of the city, and the head had its Ups formed to utter the cabalistic “Fine you ten doUare, when the maddened teams evidently bore down upon him and demolished him.—Judge. ges of the order and ing ground rapidly. ,ve combined and pur-on which theypro-ian temple four stories ,000. notes of California at propriated $100 to pur-wel for G. M. of E. A. H. led that position for the for P. G. C. Stanton er of the excellent digest L^sft^Visdiction. u y lit the recent session of the Re^5lndiana showed receipts of Kra"d balance left after disburse-620,345, J There are now in Indiana meR^Saving been added since Dec. 2*7 lod| total membership on that 81, 48$97. During the year $27,782 date IL f0T gjcfc benefits, $6,931 for wa® lits and $3,381 for other relief funetf  _ MASONIC. of the Frisians, St.Wil-•Jywd, written by the great English Alwin f York. It was called tie :rec- iv, Wye: •orth as ti J** fir fewhwat IVt? we pagan :*l the It was sea robber before ;c»pel, and held in nee by fiji *• kippers in the on. y pUv e. et sv of access in conli procure a stock of v itll ut rick. In St. Willi-the southern parts of Fries-•ccupieu by the Frankish Lbs Holy Lsland” was still Ty an mde; indent Frisian (mart the Fault Wee. The average young man cannot keep » with the average young woma^or least he does not. Where the fault Ie Oldest Masonic Aprons in ! America—Notes. the oldest Masonic aprons in i owned in Philadelphia. It is of about twenty-one inches long in inches wide. The apron and n scolloped all around by hand. fnter of the apron is an artistically arch, with steps, lights, etc., ded by the emblems of the order, Wreath of flowers intertwined. On He of the arch, or pedestals, are fig-full Masonic dress, and the pedes- at least neuoes uui.    ~——-    »    >uooumv    ui«»,    r—— liM and for what reason, will all come ^ appropriate inscriptions. On the - bv ag the other questions at the apron is the compass and square. out by an L    „    . ceaseless huears the initials of the original owner Mid*cry    »    failure?"    ofr    theflap,    u    follows:    L    A,    IHT. “la region a faihjrtf- •elf into the question of mort pomt, yes. say , failure?" rtewbotewb. ■mild I* Of in the New South are becom- very popular in Masonic circles in Lodges give a social, to which Ort admitted aud heartily enjoy the The Northwestern Beneficial Association. This association was organized to encourage habits of industry, economy and frugality, and to that end provides plans by which their members can secure relief in case of sickness, their beneficiaries a mortuary benefit in the event of death, and if they comply with all the laws, a certain sum of money according to the certificate which they may hold payable in six years. In addition to this feature a member can borrow from the organization enough money to build or buy a home for himself and family. No premium is to be charged for money borrowed, and the amount received by the member, together with the interest thereon, can be paid in monthly assessments and installments. It is officered as follows: Frank C. Troscher, supreme president; S. N. Mullen, supreme vice president; Robert Graham, supreme treasurer, and F. R. Alexander, supreme secretary. Grand Fraternity. This order, formerly the Grand Army of Fraternity, is making good progress In Philadelphia. Philadelphia Camp is still ahead of Columbia, and is nearly IOO strong. No. 4 enjoys the distinction of the membership of the commander-in-chief, secretary general and advocate general. The latter officer, who has just assumed the position, is Frederick Gaston, Esq., of the legpl firm of Faunae Sc Gaston. Only one-half of the amount realized by twelve assessments on the membership is needed to pay current claims; the balance goes to swell the reserve fund, which is increasing rapidly. College of tho Ancient*. The Venerable Collegiates will assemble in Phillipsburg, N. J., in November next, and take part in the ceremonies of the opening of the convocation of the supreme grand commandery of the Knights of Malta. Delegations will be present from all parts of the United States and Canada. The members of the college will appear in the procession in monkish military costumes, and several novel features will be introduced in the march to their headquarters, where they will go into secret session at midnight. The orders of the Eagle Knight of the Christian Mark and Thrice Illustrious Order of the Grand Cross will be conferred in all their ancient grandeur and sublimity on a number of Knight Princes of the Order of the Red Cross and Sepulcher. Order of JEgia. Says The Cleveland Leader: The Order of iEgis, which is being introduced in Cleveland at the present time, bids fair to become a favorite among the patrons of endowment fraternities. It has made sixteen assessments in sixteen months and accumulated a handsome reserve. The laws of Massachusetts regulating such societies render great security to the members. Women are admitted to this order on equal footing with men, but the funds and accounts are kept separate. Bucklin** Arnica Salve. The best salve in the world for cuts bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains, corns and all skin eruptions, and positively cures piles, or no pay required. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction or money refunded. Price 25 cents per box. For sale at Henry’s drug store. neglect and perhaps the disappearance af the home and the children, not hav-og breadth of vision ta aeft that amanri-pted women would inevitably make otter wives, mothers and housekeepers tUn the dull and silly drudges of the To the to the oh (Toting mantel arriage is a lottery, but man it is a grab-bag. owever, although tile scholarly doodad not think tiiat women should be in a college education, and viewed thlr entrance into business- and the pro-fe*ons with horror, he spent much elaboration of argument in support of thetdea that the maiden ought to have the right of proposing marriage to the man of lier choice. Apparently if there ever was a reform agains; nature this was one, for in all animal life down to the humblest insect existence it is the male who is the seeker and tip wooer. Still, as ive have advanced upon these lower forms in customs aad usages in a hundred directions why not in this? The proposition that women may and do take the matrimonial initiative seems to be t favorite one with the clerical brethren, for I noticed that at the recent session of the Presbyterian general assembly one of the distinguished divines iceland it to be a fact that women were constaitly “proposing to men with their eyes.” Can it be that a young minister requires more help in asking the important qtestion than a layman? Or is this a frequent experience? To hear married men talk one would fancy that IF. Bnshnell's theories were largely accepted, since the standing matrimonial joke in many families is, as we all know', the assertion on the part of the husband that his wife offered herself to bim. One venerable judge who has been three times married always declares that each lady asked for his hand, and adds that he should never have been married had they not done so. But on this momentous question as on all others a little common sense goes a great way. If a woman is wealthy, and the advantages from a worldly point of view are all on her side, there can be no question as to the propriety of her giving the favorite suitor every indication Df her preference even to the point of an avowal. Among queens this is of course the recognized form of procedure. When Victoria was a pretty young maiden it was well understood that she was to designate her choice among the various princelets who came to seek her hand. The tall and handsome Albert of Saxonburg Gotha won her favor at their first meeting, and it was not very long thereafter when at a ball at the palace the gave him a rose. No doubt she accompanied the act with some words of encouragement, for the gallant German pressed his wooing with ardor, and was loon comfortably settled as prince contort. A great heiress, like a queen, not only may, but often should, propose marriage, &s only in that way can she secure her life’s happiness. The very man who would best suit her because of his qualities of head and heart will probably be af a nature which will revolt against the accusation of having made a mercenary match. Her wealth may repel him no matter how much her person may attract, and it will be absolutely necessary for her to make “a bold stroke fora husband.” Here, for instance, is the romance of a lovely simple hearted girl, the heiress of Immense wealth. She had many suitors for her hand, most of whom she suspected of the most sordid motives*in their attentions. There was one yonng man whom she had known for years, a distant cousin, of excellent qualities, to whom she was tenderly attached, but although she divined, as she hoped, that he regarded her with a kindred feeling, he remained obstinately silent, only his tad eyes sometimes telling his secret. tile time was becoming critical; she was about to go to Europe for an absence of some months, and she feared that a persistent but particularly obnoxious suitor was intending to sail on the same steamer, when her cousin came to see her one day, bringing a dainty traveling case as a parting gift. At first she admired the pretty finish, then suddenly her face changed and clouded. “It is very heavy,” she said. “Heavy!” he exclaimed in astonishment; “oh, no. Why you have not lifted it,” he added. “Try it.” “No,” she said, capriciously, “I don’t need to; I am sure it is heavy. I can never carry it myself.” He looked sad and hnrt. “I had hoped yon would take it,” he faltered. “It might remind you of me sometimes when you are far away”— His voice broke. She was at his side in a moment. “Why should you be far away?” she whispered. “Why should you not go with me and carry it for me?” Then he understood. ) There are other cases in which it is unite allowable for a young woman to indicate Her preference, as when there is groat disparity of age. An elderly man may naturally feel that he could not hope to win the love of a young girL The incidents of the courtship which led to the present marriage of M. de Lessepe are widely known. He was well ad vanced in the sixties when he met his wife, then a beautiful young woman in the early twenties. It was at a country houro. She had long admired the great engineer for Iris achievements, and when she saw him his grace and distinction at once captivated her heart. But how was she to make him realize this? He was evidently attracted by her beauty, but considered her youth a barrier to any serious interest. One morning they chanced to meet in a garden whither she had gone to gather some roses. For a moment they were alone, and he made some joking remark about her admirers asking which was the favorite. Would she indicate her preference by the bestowal of arose? In a moment she had placed the whole fra-cnnt burden in his hands, at the mine time faltering something that told the secret of her heart. There are bashful men, often very honest feUowaand deserving a nood wife, who yet lack the courage to make a proposal, Mid to such timid suitors a maiden may with propriety give aid and com* fort The story of John Alden’s courtship is <me of the most charming of those which record how a woman has taken tile initiative. The young pioneer was ae diffident as he was handsome, and never was a girl better justified ♦ban was the fair Priscilla when she rilenced bis pleading in behalf of stout Capt. HOM Standish by the famous question, “Why don’t you speak for yourself, John?” Not only is it properly the right and even the duty of a loving maiden to help out her wooer when the worldly advantages are all on her side or he is too bashful to disclose his passion, bat there is some excuse to be offered for the girl who assumes that he who offers a kiss intends thereby to offer his hand. Too many men wander throngh the world stealing from innocent young creatures a little of the freshness of their lives, seeking only the amusement of the moment, careless how mnch suffering they may inflict. A kiss should be the sacred symbol of betrothal, and it is no more than proper to assume that it is so intended.    ... Some years ago a gay man of the world was riding on horseback beside a lively Washington belle. By some means they became separated from the rest of the party. They ware alone in a wooded road, the twilight was falling, their horses were walking slowly, very near together. Yielding to the charm of the moment, and attracted bv the beauty of the face that was dangerously close to his own, the gentleman slipped his arm around the ladv’i slender waist and their lips met. After a moment of pretty embarrassment she released herself from his embrace and said gently: “Yon will see mamma in the morning.” He was fairly caught, for sin'- was of a social position that protected her, but had she been of less rank the assumption might justly have been the same. No man of nice honor ought to offer an endearment to a pure maiden without honest intentions of marriage. In thousands of cases men have been punished for their carelessness in these matters. Many a man has lived in uncongenial and wretched marriage with a woman he would never have chosen, because having been weak enough to form habits of familiarity with her, he had become entangled in an engagement he could not break. In conclusion, while by no means advising the general adoption of Dr. Bushnell^ theory, it is safe to admit that it is largely true that the men who are most worth having need sometimes generous encouragement from the woman they would wed. A true lover is always doubtful of his attractions, the very power of his passion makes him diffident, and many a woman who woald have made a noble wife and mother has remained unwedded because she shrank from granting the encouragement that an excellent man needed. A good girl who knows herself beloved need not be too chart' of giving some indication of her own feelings. In all womanliness and delicacy this may be graciously and gracefully done. She Wan a Woman of Nerre. ‘Put those things back into the drawer,” said Mrs. Harer, of Columbus, O., to the burglar who was rifling her cupboard of its silver knives and forks. The burglar obeyed, and the reason why he did was that Mrs. Harer held a revolver to his head. She liad heard a noise in her kitchen, and prudently snatched up the revolver on her way down stairs to investigate. “Now turn your pockets inside out.” said she. By this time the fellow marie up his mind that he was not going to lie scared by a woman. He mad# a break for the door. ’‘Stop, or I’ll shoot,” ordered Mrs. Rarer la a military tone of voice. Life is tweet, even to a burglar. He stopped. A neighbor ran for a policeman, Mid Mrs. Harer stood guard over her pris-mer with the pistol pointed at his head kill the officer arrived. A BENEFIT ALL AROUND, Good Roads as Necessary for the City Man as for the Farmer. Many Worker* In th* Field—Earnest Men Who Propose to Reform American Country Ronde—The Opposition to Improvement*. Der** of Turkish Women. Turkish women, unless they are going out, do not trouble about dressing up. Their negligee is very negligent; the hair is loose or carelessly braided. They are barefoot if the weather is warm, it not they w ar woolen knit socks; the ooee trouser*, a crepe chemise with bng loose sleeves and a little jacket forming tin- house costume. When they drees for receiving visits or for the evening visit of the husband they add a Shalva or long skirt whose breadths, four of them. are not sewn. Two are left to train in the back and the other two are usually drawn down between the legs or slightly twisted and left to train in the back also. The effect is very graceful. If the weather is cold they ’ wear a fur lined sacque in the house, called goouah, and heelless slippers. A Delightful Society. S#me girls in the city have organizeri a new aud delightful society, known as the Seashell society. It is a very modest club, and meets at the homes of its various members, but the object sought for and, strange to Bay. accomplished is at once entertaining and instructive. The members of the club range from 16 to 20years of age. Some of them are still in school, but most of them have earned the Tennysonian degree of S. G. G. Each girl, when she goes away for the summer, is expected to find as many ▼Mieties of seashells as possible, study up on them, and read a descriptive report at the first fall meeting of the society. The girl who has the best and longest list is presented with a gold vinaigrette, or a silver rose jar or some other pretty yet inexpensive prize. * The amount .of conchological knowledge which each girl acquires during the summer mouths is astonishing, and, so one of them says, gives rn girl the most dignified and proper reason in all the world for strolling on the beach just as much as she wants to with somebody to help her find rare shells.—New York Evening Sun. The Other Side ef a Popular Subject. A neighbor of mine tumbled off his house the other day while he was acting as amateur painter. A professional painter who stopped to inquire for him said he hoped be would not die of it, although he was taking the bread out of the mouth of the honest man. Our dressmakers have not begun to talk to us in this way; on the contrary everybody praises the woman who has her daughters taugnt “the comart of cutting and fitting.” And yet ng Is a trade, as is shoemaking Mid milliner^'. The woman who gets her bread and butter by it should know all the ins and outs of its many details. For other women to learn some smattering of it may often be convenient, even necessary, but it is not in the line of social progress. —New York Commercia' Advertiser. Milas* Nerve and Liver Fille. An ImportMit discovery. They act on the liver, stomach and bowels through the nerves. A new principle. They speedily cure biliousness, bad teste, torpid liver, piles and constipation. Splendid for men, women and children. Smallest. mildest, sorest, SO doses for 25 eon ta, Samples free at J. H. Witte’s drug store Beechen’* Pills cure Sick-Headache. The proposition to generally improve the country roads seems to meet with little favor among those who would bi most benefited and who must therefor* be most depended upon to do Che work— viz., the country people. Yet the agitation which is being so generally carried on all over the United States seems likely to bear fruit. The comparatively few men who See the necessity for action, and are willing to do their share toward bringing good roads about, will not, yon may be sure, labor in vain. TTieir efforts will probably result in the building in New York state, in Pennsylvania, in Ohio, in Indiana, in Illinois, in southern Michigan, in Minnesota, in Massachusetts and in California of one or two great thoroughfares which will be under the control of the state in most instances, under control of private corporations in other cases. The agitators are mostly working on an ingenious theory. They figure that if they can compass the construction of one or two good broken stone thoroughfares through the rural districts the inhabitants. bv driving upon them, will be made to appreciate their advantages and the result will be a revolution of popular feeling in favor of good country roads. Said one of the enthusiasts who lives near Utica. N. Y\: “I spend on an average nearly twenty-four hours a week iii working for reform in tile country roads of this state. Why, do you know that within twenty-five miles of the beautiful city of Utica there are public roads over which it i* dangerous to drive an ordinary lightly constructed buggy? And they are not byways in sparsely inhabited districts either. They are the main thoroughfares iii one of the rno-t prosperous and riclie-T agricultural regions in the world. And yet for the biggest part of the year these roads are in a frightful condition. A rain will make them almost impassable from mud; in dry seasons the wagons have to be dragged through six inches of yielding sand and the dust i-enough to suffocate a person. “Aren't they repaired occasionally? Yes, of course they are, and therein Les the greatest aggravation. It s an actual fact that the roads are not made better by the so called repairs, but are really made worse. Load after load of gravel is dragged into their center by the farmers who are ‘working out their taxes’ and dumped there. And there it stays —an ugly heap of little stones and soil, which is seldom leveled by anything but traffic. It not only makes the roads uncomfortable to ride over, but it makes them absolutely dangerous. Anybody, no matter how good a driver he may be, is apt to be overturned by it and perhaps have his neck broken on some dark night. No one will drive on it until increased tiaffic at the sides has rendered them impassable. I have known one of these long, irregular mountains of gravel to lay on a much traveled road, occupying the center of the thoroughfare and practically unmarked by wheels, for two months. And the number of loads of hay, etc., which I have known to have been upset by such attempts at repairing I couldn't count on my fingers and toes. “The root of the opposition to road improvement in the rural districts, according to my theory, lies right a here. The farmer sees that if the country roads were to be macadamized or telford-ized he would have to pay his road taxes in money instead of ‘working them out.’ I don't know how many states have adopted this pernicious plan of working out road tax^-. but I presume it is general. I believe that it bas done the farmers more real damage in this state than all the storms that ever were known here put together. The thing that the farmer won t believe is that if the roads in his county were good his farm would be enough more profitable so t hat he could afford to pay his road taxes in money a dozen times over if necessary. And yet it’s as plain as the nose on his face that if the *-oads were good his horses could pull more ov.-r them, and that if each horse could pull more he wouldn't have to keep so many horses, and if he had fewer horses he would need fewer men to care for them. Why. there would be a saving in a thousand ways. setting aside the fact that life would be more bearable in the country if communication between different parts were made easv. “And then again suppose be wants to sell his farm some time? Do you sup pose that a sensible man will pay as mnch for a farm that is separated from the city and the markets by five miles of mud and misery as he would if those five miles were smoothly paved with broken stone or even traversed by good dirt roads? Well, I guess not! Take the case of New Jersey, for instance. There are many miles of Telford roads in that state and what do the farmers say of it? Why, they say that it has increased the profits of their farms by 23 percent., and they say that it has increased the cash value of their farms by 35 per cent., and they say that it has made life on a farm pleasant instead of irksome. “I propose to keep hammering away on the subject until something breaks. May be it will be my pocketbook and may 10it will be the wall of intolerance and nonsense which so many otherwise sensible men have built around themselves. I hope and believe that it will be the latter.” There are a good many men like the man quoted, and their words and acts will leave their impression. Isaac B. Potter, a prominent New Yorker, one of the officers of the New York State Roads Improvement association, and an offing of the League of American Wheelmen, is preparing a book on roads improvement. He will have it published and copyrighted, and give the League of American Wheelmen the privilege of distributing as many copies as they choose free. Afterward it will be placed on sale. In it he will deal with the subject in a commonsense way, avoiding technicalities and making everything plain. As Mr. Potter is a sensible and a good writer his book will be interesting and to the point. A BENEFIT ALL AROUND; Good Country Road* a* Necessary for tho C tty Man as for the Fanner. The common road is to the farmer a part of the machinery of commerce. It bears a marked mechanical relation to the farm wagon, and to the power by which the wagon is moved—the same relation that a steel rail bears to the railway car and to the locomotive. The wagon and the car are alike in many essential points, subject under similar conditions to the same rules of cause and effect; and when both are need upon the. hard steel rails of the railway track they resemble each other in the efficient remits which they severally attain. But the common roan is the track upon which the wagon is designed to roll, and it has the same claim to the respectful consideration and intelligent treatment of its owner—the public—as are accorded to the railway by its owner—the railway corporation. In the maintenance of the railway track it is found that the two conditions of smoothness and hardness are indispensable to the economical management of business. They save time, power, money. They enable the railway company to carry grain from Chicago to New Y’ork for twenty cento per hundred pounds, and make a handsome profit bv the operation. These two conditions of smootl qess and hardness make up the essential difference between the railway track and the farmer’s highway; not that it ie urged that the common road can be made to fully rival the railway track in point of efficiency, but as regards tile power required to move the millions of tons of produce which are annually hauled over miles of country roads. It can be so largely diminished by the use of smooth and hard roads that the wisdom of the railway corporation would be demonstrated to every farmer by an object lesson in which he could find both interest and profit. A good road is always good, independent of the weather. Til© average country road is intermrtTent in its condition; in sympathy with the caprice of sun and storm; a streak of disturbed soil, fringed by weeds and crowded by fences. It absorbs with irksome slowness the forty odd inches of annual rainfall which falls upon its surface, and for weeks at a time is useless for any of the snb^antial purposes of travel or traffic. In summer it is floc<mlent, impalpable, powdery; in winter, soluble, sticky and soft. It is condemned by our own experience and shamed by comparison with the roads of other countries. It is maintained by a system which every enlightened country of Europe has long since condemned and discarded as extravagant and unfit for the purposes of modern civilization. To carryon the business of agriculture these roads in their present condition require the fanners of the state of New York alone to maintain permanently the sum of $65,000,000 invested in farm horses, of which at least 30 per cent. could I** saved by the use of property constructed highways. Add to this sam a fair estimate for the saving of help, time, wagons and harness, and the increased value of farming lands which always follows the construction of good roads, and the conclusion is easily reached that the cost of improved roads, as shown by the experience of other countries, would be profitable for the people of today and a lasting legacy to future generations. But if good roads are a benefit to the farmer it must not be forgotten that they ara also in a great degree important and valnable to the cities as well. The increased cost of hauling produce over bad roads is added to the ultimate market price, and is paid in the end by the consumer. The certainty of good roads the year round insures the uniformity of supply, enlarges Hie farming territory which contributes to the home market, and increases the business of town awd country. The enhanced value of rural property under the influence of better roads tends to equalize assessments and lighten the proportionate share of the cities in the payment of state taxes. The manufacturer and tradesman are directly benefited by the maintenance of good roads, and every citizen who uses these roads. To the farmer of New York state they would cost scarcely anything. Indeed, if a balance were to be “struck” between the expense and the income the cost would be less than nothing. In the state of New Y'ork the farmers are peculiarly fortunate. They pay a comparatively small portion of the state taxes, and in the improvement and maintenance of the principal roads under a general state law the farmer**' contribution would be exceedingly light. It has been proposed to raise the sum of $10,000,000 by a state loan. payable in seventeen years and at a low rate of interest, and to devote the entire sum to the improvement of the country roads. This would be sufficient to construct an average • fifty miles of splendid roads in county of the state, and the entire yearJ Iv assessment upon a farm of the value of $10,000 would be less than $2. Leaving out of the question the great advantages which such roads would give to the farmer rn the Carrying on of his business, it will be Been that an increase of only I per cent. in the val7© of any farm would amount to more t.h«» double the entire tax levied upon the farm for the purposes of this improvement. The reason for all this lies in the fact that about 85 per cent, of all thin expense would be paid by the cities. They will, naturally, in same cases object to this proposition, but the stock arguments which have been used by the cities to oppose state roads have given way to the views of liberal statesmen in other countries as they will in this. In France the principal roads, those model roads from which all the world might take pattern, are made and maintained by the general government, and from the day of their completion these roads have added to the wealth and thrift and happiness of the whole nation. Any legislation, then, which tends to improve the country roads is directly in the interest of the farmer, though in a general sense of benefit to the entire state.—Address by Isaac B. Potter. Primitive Stock of Sheep. It appears to have been a general opinion among zoologists that the Argali or Ort* Ammon of Linnaeus, which inhabits In vast numbers the elevated regions of Central Asia, is tile primitive stock of the whole race of domesticated sheep. Agreeably to this supposition we find that from the earliest times the inhabitants of Tartary, Persia, Mo&opotamia, Syria, Palestine and the North of Arabia have been addicted to pastoral employments. The tribes of wandering shepherds which frequent those countries are descended from progenitors who led the same life thousands of yean ago, and whose manners and habit* an preserved to t he present day with scarcely the slightest change.—Dry Goods Chronicle, rrencn roiitn, “That young man is terrible green, ’ said a farmer, who. did not admire the airs of a neighbor’* son, just returned home after a year's post graduate study in France. “Why, pa, I don't see bow you w call him green!” said the farmers daughter. “Such a splendidly educated young man. and he's been in Paris, too!”' “Humph!” said her father. “I sap* you never heard of such a thing as Pane green!”—Y outh's Companion. ConOxmad. The favorable impression produced the first appearance of the agroof! liquid fruit remedy, Syrup of Figs a years ago has been more than coni by the pleasant experience of all have used it, and the success of the prietors and manufacturers the fornia Flg^Syrup Company. Harvest Excursion TlelAta via CM B. Sc Q. R. R. to points south and west on sale Sept, 9 _ and Oct. 14 good for return 30 davr date of sale. ;

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Publication: Burlington Hawk Eye

Location: Burlington, Iowa

Issue Date: September 7, 1890

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