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Burlington Hawk-Eye (Newspaper) - September 7, 1890, Burlington, Iowa V3N f THE BURNING PART SUNDAY MORNING SEPTEMBER PRICE is cms m iff CATBOUC Odd ricsfrom the report just issued by the nrstChrlB ui batten in the holy weB reverenced by pi and ahippers in the SniMlajr Sehiwl Jfettlaado twawaw of the undjy School AwodatiflB of ot mi ived from eightyone Sunday having re arc faiiwm e ciaio J Ki ci Btatistkaof throughoct the The i a book of An j thework being done in each Each account is fol a statistical winch turn returns prior to tbe time ecnt to Jane figures of the Catholic United States parochial 543197 charitable jand has Airenesand parish v schools and IEC ivtunis forEngtarA churches In CathoircsToT are iu 304 In t and 3 ut iio work in Australia Irish priests went si hut they soon re ive laud because they il in tlieir religion another Irish spirieuce iu Australia at i if tiiis but shortly ordered that Cath should be pivea bv the propagandas out of over in l und Tasmania There are u i1 594 707 ilarsand itiulation of of the Church of v 63S churches and r educational iu ii iiiaritable nhows up well in the 2155 112 charitable i 9 ThoCath i Japan number and the without resident unese empire has churches and 342 native scholars and which have 960 or those in preparation for the Catholic are in these The olics in the East Indies is 544 churches educational institu attended by pupils with 585 students 636 233 native laii ui resting story is that of the in the recently dis iti pats of The mission established by decree July The Father Schal Thomas priests ef the of the Holy Ghost anS Sacred Stirt of ire the pre and vie forefeet Four 3 o ft French Congo mission It has only 500 Catho lis but report says that there are no herrtkriie fathers of the Immac Mary direct the Belgian which was founded by f We y There are but f The Vicomte Upper which is hy he Algerian iraiestaUisiod ten years ago but that flf the Lowe Congo dates from June All u Africa that is dependent the propaganda has 54 709 churches and WS DGO educational ctoritable A epecial department of the report ills bow the world is supplied with There are numerous col especially for this prter and established in Borne in has 3 students iu the seminary and 18 in the missionsthe English col the Scuts 24 the Irish 30 the American 65 flu Canadian Of the col outside of Borne the lyocs sem African missions has 68 stu the Milan seminary for foreign 17 the Verona 13 27 the American 63 students in the aud 398 in the of Tfim 10 are bishops and the Irish col There are many other of little interest to missionaries to all York of Lutheran The Lutheran church is very nnequal Hiatribnted over the United It followed the tide of immigration Ifem northern where the state Mrarches are all and hence Ita its stronghold in the middle and ijwtem In gUinnesota and the two Dakotas it is Uy the strongest Protestant although it is not such in I Whence on the public thought and E of tlle since its mem I ire nearly all Alaska f JMVennoatare the only states in which church has no representa I There is one pastor each in Arizo Sew Mexico and Rhode Isl two in New The is then gradual until the Dako which have 16S pastors 160 172 190 195 188 56 pastors live in New Yorks Ohio 8 40S 458 and Mhooh Lenten amounting to beside which there was re ported to but not received by the treas urer from nineteen Sunday making the total Lenten offer of time echools for 1890 Bealeo total offerings for 1878 to total for thirteen additional special for 1890 ad vent offerings total offer to all SECRET SOCIETY What is Going On in the Various Lodge The Bajal Bipruu HMPdlow tttatfetlmAa OM tcnOthcr The total membership of the Congre gational church in Connecticut is settled 111 pastors not install 83 churches 74 vacant 34 benevolent charitable value of church Mttlc Siitcn of the The Little Sisters of the Poor have now a membership of Their only mother house is located in from 500 to UOO novices are in attend Their training consists in learn ing to nurse the cook and make over old clothes and mend Acroa red tultry leagues ot burning AD arid terror and tho dread of Wearily crawls through reae of blistering saal ftie straggling groups ot a great With dates and doura from the Yemens shore It braves the pitiless deserts fierceHt heat flie thirsty camels faint and sore The suffering Bedouins dream of cisterns met The road is and no refreahing pala Cfaanns the infecund waste with verdant plameti The death eun tortured the awful calm Angrflr hints of imminent simooms the with its broad Bu been the goal that they will never And every hot and mage ray that falls Is doomed their fatfd akelctonv So bleach 1 Ko more shall these poor wanderers behold The holy Caaba and the sacnd Wbere in a maae of marble and of gold Tbe Prophet slumbers in his rest divine The Lcgh the suprenM ngentof the Royal ban honored of the Old says The Buffalo He was born in He was educated at Norfolk academy and the Universi ty of He aerved in the Con federate armydur ing the and since close has been closely en gaged in the prac tice of his chosen his native He has held many and varied important civic LEGT1 He is the president of the National bank at For four yean he judge of the corporation court of and for many years has been the president of its council He has been several times a presidantial elector of Vir ginia upon ho Democratic He has for more than ten years been a devoted member of the A charter member of Portsmouth instituted he became its first lie was a member of his grnnd council iu the year and was elected in lS82as supreme and was reelected in In 1SS5 ho vras un animously elected supreme and was promoted from that office by un animous election in 1S37 to ths office of supreme vice and at the last session of the supreme council was by a vote of entire andhearty as the leader of the Arcanum hosts for the year Tba Mea is a colonial aa tor many yean under ttw mad ot New South Walei have held then aoeUhi with great There is confusion among the craft in Kear The aaanmptkm of forainx afrandlodge by a majority of caused aeriona Knowing tkat unanimity is tfaa majority hare waited until all the lodges consented I to the Information from Tasmania Inference that lodge has batn tanned byassentof all the in There an ISSZfi aOliatod Boyal Ajch in United NewYirk largeat capitular diction in the Connecticut IU with an a age membership of The Grand Stark lodge of England over to the credit of three oknt It thirtytwo dren in a home specially SI All WOMEN PiOPOSE Lill Dmnux DiicuMM tut i IB thai Three Leading Missouri has the largest number a of any jurisdiction New York comes Illinois The number of in these respective at close o the last fiscal year is shown by the re port of the supreme recorder to be as f ol lows 424 New 414 llli The Canadian lodges continue to kee up their rapid pace iu the work for new Grand Recorder Carder report 237 applications received during the montl of The total disbursements of the bene ficiary fund of all the jurisdictions for th year 1SSU make a grand total of The total number of death losses during the year were There are lodges of the a cording to the report of the supreme r making an increase of 231 forth last fiscal Grand is to have an There are three degrees iu the new of the select In Ontario it is possible for a meaner to amkehiscertificate payable to his upended The relative gains for the last yef of Mis souri and Illinois gave Missourjonly one lodge mote than Bain was Illinois Nor shall their halaama myrrh and precious stonttl Be sold thrwiKh intricate And none will bear the muezzin when he The throng to mosque below M edinian BnrMrlng to heedless tore 3y wafta of cruel heat ID Crana of abifting land they will be ravenous awarms of iocusta be devoured oer their scorched and withered atrewo In disarray amid deserted The irreproachable and callous moon Will rise la her serene mafrninoaMt Fittsbun KNIGHTS OF THE GOLOf Celebration of the Facts and Ficuy The celebration of the flff nth anniver sary of the introduction of the Golden Eagle into on promises to bo atfdw with im posing ceremonies the entire the various appointed anniversary Perfect arrange The aggregate ad missions by reinstatements durii an average of 11 members during the past ted by card and 137 withdrawn 1C Membership of The How One Actress Lives In It is the popular said a well known that theatrical people as a rule have a hard time to make both ends meet during the summer This it is safe to is only true iu for the spendthrift epirit of earlier which has been the staple at many a pleasant is no longer a characteristic professional Those who scatter their money to the and in consequence spend the heated term in a state of uncomfortable are few and far There are many of the acting guild who have deft fingers and apt minds for other departments of lifes and when their season is ended in the labor of their choice they turn to those other and find rest of agreeable change as well us the profits of honest Cases in point are but I will tell you of one which is I am ac quainted with a young actress who during tbe stage vacation earns a auug income by turning the bark of the birch tree to dec orative She makes pictures from the crude article by cutting outline figures of women and children and the inferior and pasting them on black card afterward filling in the details with white The combination produces a pleasing and atriking silhouette Dif ferent hues of the bark areeznployed in im parting contrasting colors to odd Xhe bark can be made to produce either comical or serious according to picture are put in with India The actress I refer to Is not only young but high ly educated and a general favorite as and her father is an active member of the journalistic Perhaps I am in discreet in giving her summer secret awav I will make some amends by with holding her In 1 certificates and 8 year was Number of initiated admit 303 154 14 an ership is divided as fol Cost of Membership Other Charles of has prepared an interesting statement for The Odd Fellows He shows that the average cost of membership per member per year is as follows iu the various juris dictions British Rhode District of New Colo West Con New S North Mary New South Ken lower prov inces of British North There is a difference of be tween the amount paid by each member per year in Washington and the amount paid per year by each member in Gard makes the total membership the total moneys paid in to the lodges revenue from all sources per year and the average per member In Missouri the amount of sick benefits per week is made by the constitution to be just onehalf the annual There are now about fortyfive Odd Fel lows insurance The income last year approximated A lodge was recently instituted in San in which the charges in the ini tiation were given iu the Norwegian lan The Odd Fellows Temple of has been incorporated to erect a temple in Chicago In addition to the lodge rooms there will be am large auditorium that will accommodate faree number the order Office rooms will also be have moved to the We8tern ranged and it is the intention of to help jntroduce it into their association to make it the finest temple should permission be the The new building will about A lodge in Maryland recently divided assets among its amounting 80 or more One brother refuse lows Past sup1 4 past grand 19 034knights Number ofcastles Instituted dur ing the Pasf DnmbeT castles At the fon supreme castle held recen Supreme Sir tt of Windsor Castle V1 supreme vice Z In NITED To Extend the of mortality in the order for wu ereater in Massachn in any other state in the juris to extend the juriadic f the imperial council is meeting with and at the next session it It will be remembered inly covers New New New Pennsylvania and the impe Hal fbeso votet order only accept his and for his loyalty v order in so doing a gold medal sented to him by order of the grand j KWGHTS OF When the Stopper Take a steel pin or needle and run it round the top of the stopper in the angle formed by it and the Then hold the vessel in your lett hand and give it a steady twist toward you with and it will very often be the adhesion is frequently caused by the solidification of matter only at the point nearest the York A Woman Who Has Miss Cynthia the private secretaryof Commissioner Hans Beat of the cleaning draws the largest salary of any woman secretary in New She succeeded GUbert who was promoted to the position of chief clerk in the depart and she gets a Miss Westover went into the lort custom house during the Magone adminis and won distinction as an in When Beattie was appointed of the port of New York she be bis private and Surveyor a Thg udits nce of i 1 Clergymans Retiring Fund so JMce hag received i which is twice as much as thud more than in received during the last two hycard pledges is not included The interest in the BO growing and a church pension came his private Lyon engaged her in t when betook charge of came s Lyon engaged her in the same capacity the office about a Westover is a western woman of birth and and is conversant with several foreign languages Thuac complishment will be very useful m the many inquiries that have to be made among the Italian and other foreign labor er the peddling out of appoint ment She is a remarkably pretty woman of about but does not appear to be over York A Splendid Temple In Memo Orders The supreme lodge of the wi Knights ot Pythias at Milwai to erect a memorial temple in late Justus th the and at the time of past grand supreme chan world of the brought about by the supreme ton who inf tion providing for the It was favoi Goodheart was pi tee having the matter ii pie will be located in Mj dedication will all the supreme offiof a cort of not memorial will be as less than mpjaiy are perfected the pushed to Knishu Iowa has 208 membership of with aj the pggj Temri or of about Zeu grand chancel since haTe ganized and se tbeorAr and ng ground combined and pnr on which they pro iian temple four stories notes of California at iropriated 100 to pnr rwel for of led that position for the for Stanton of the excellent digest the recent session of the Indiana showed receipts of ice left after disburse There are now in Indiana iving been added total membership on that During the year for sick for Toledo has i allot them Six of these la chased a lot 4 posebi at a c The grand its last i chase a past five 3 used by t Reporl grandl mentsc 21710 IS date in Christianity in Heligohmd is pnre 1 in The first mention under its present E occurs in the life of the North 3 of the StWil written by the great Engliah Alwin It was called sen robber before the and held in co by ail in the only easy of accees in could procure a atock of In St Wflli the sonthim of Friee t jccupieu by the Frankiah atffi m WageIt recently been proved that baseball was played in can that be WaggsThe of an able umpire have been found ecatterefi sections of the and the head bad its lips formed to utter the Fine you ten when the evidently bore down demolished up withVthe average young or f T Where tbe fault fune fits and for other hedoes not Wheretbe Oldest Masonic Aprons In the oldest Masonic in B owned in It is of about twentyone inches long teen inches The apron and Seen scolloped all around by Jfnter of the apron is an artistically Id with ided by the of tbe of flowers On for what will all appropriate On other rtj the apron tbe and the initials of tbe original owner e follows of New South Ladies nights are becom very papular in Masonic in give a to which boarUly eajoy the in Pennsylvania and New The Northwestern Bencnelal This association was organized to en courage habits of economy and and to that end provides by which their members can secure relief in caso of their beneficiaries a mortuary benefit in the event of and if they comply with all the a certain sum of money according to the certificate which they may hold payable In six In addition to this feature a member can borrow from the organization enough mo ney to build or bay a home for himself and No premium is to be charged for money and the amount received by the together with the interest can be paid in monthly assess ments and U is officered follows Frank supreme presi dent supreme vice presi dent Robert supreme and supreme brand This formerly the Grand Army of is making good progress In Philadelphia Camp is still ahead of and is nearly 100 4 enjoyitbe distinction of the membership of the secretary general and advocate The latter who has just assumed the Is Frederick of legal firm of Faunee Only onehalf of the amount realized by twelve on membership is needed to pay current chums the balance goes to swell the league which in creasing Venerable will in in November and take part in the ceremonies of opening of the convocation of the supreme grand commandery of the of will be present from all parts of the United States and The members of the college will appear In the procession in monkish military cos and several novel will be Introduced in the march to their headquar where they will go into secret session at The of the Knight of the Christian Mark and Thrice Illustrious Order of Grand will be conferred in all their ancient grandeur and subbmity on a number of Knight Princes of the Order of Bed Croat aad Order of Says The Cleveland Leader The Order of which being introduced in Cleveland at the present fair to become a among of endowment It aix teen in and accumulated a handsome The Uwi of Massachusetts regulating such so cieties render great security to mem Women an admitted to order on equal footing with bat tbe and an kept The best salve In the world for cuti salt fever chapped and all skin and posi tively or no pay It is guaranteed to give perfect taUsfactlon or money Price SS per For eaie at drug To then totkeolei a bnt May ke Vet fcv the Una of Many yean ago Horace dmaeof pubhaheda book called The Against which was intended forever to annihilate tbe demand for woman then just assuming im portant The learned author thought that his fnlminations from chair would bring consternation Ida what Puritan the John called regiment of Bat the elo quent gentlemans were fatae reasoning could not fail of being and therefore his fell He as all the of our cause have the enfran chisement of women would lead tothe leglectand perhaps the disappearance f the home and the not hav brejidth rf vision nted women would inevitably make tyter mothers and thn the dull and pillv drudges of the pk although the scholarly doo tOK did not think that women should be gien a college and viewed tbir entrance into biiHinew and the pro feaons with he spent much elaboration of argument in support of theidea that the maiden ought to have the tight of proposing marriage to the man of her Appuently if there ever was a reform agains nature this was for in all animal life down to the humblest insect existence it is the male who is tbe seeker and tli aa we have ad vanced upon these lower in cus toms aid usages in a hundred directions why nt in this The proposition that women may and do take the matrimonial initiative seems obe favorite one with the clerical for I noticed that at the recent session of the Presbyterian general as sembly one of the distinguished divines declared it to be a fact that women were constaitly proposing to men with their Can it be that a young minister more help in asking the impor ant qiestion than a layman Or it this a frequent experience To lear married men talk one would fancy hat Bushnells theories were largely since the standing matrimo nial joke in many families as we all the assertion on the part of the husband that his wife offered herself to One ven erable judge who has been three married always declares that each lady asked for his and adds that he should never have been marrkd had they not done Bnt on this momentous question as on all others a little common sense goes a rreat If a woman is and he advantages from a worldly point of view are all ou her there can be no juestion as to the propriety of her giv ing the favorite suitor every indication f her preference even to the point of an Among queens this is of course the ecognized form of When Victoria was a pretty young maiden it ras well understood that she was to des gnate her choice among the various rincelets to seek her he tall and handsome Albert of Saxe Gothawon her favor at their rst and it was not very long hereofter when at a ball at the palace be gave him a No doubt sho ac companied the act with some words of for the gallant German iressed his wooing with and was oon comfortably settled as prince con A great like a not only but of ten propose a only in that way can she secure her ifes The very man who would best suit her because of bis quali ies of head and heart will probably be f a nature which will revolt against the accusation of having made a mercenary Her wealth may repel him no matter how much her person may at and it will be absolutely necessary or her to make a bold stroke fora hns for is the romance of a ovely simple hearted the heiress of mmense She had many suitors or her most of whom she sns tected of the most sordid motives heir There was one young lan whom she had known for a istant of excellent to she was tenderly but although she as she that regarded her with a kindred remained obstinately only his ad eyes sometimes telling his Tie time was becoming critical she was bout to go to Europe for an absence of some and she feared that a per sistent bnt particularly obnoxious suitor intending to soil on the same when her cousin came to see ler one bringing a dainty traveling as a parting At first she od nired the pretty then suddenly ler changed and It is very she Heavy he exclaimed in astonish ment Why you have not lifted he Try she I dont need to I am sure it is I can never carry it He looked sad and I had hoped TOO would take he It night remind you of me when you are far His voice She was at his in a Why should you be far away she Why should you not go with me and carry it for me Then he There are other in which it ia enite allowable for a young woman to indicate her when there great disparity of An elderly man may naturally feel that he could not tope to win the love of a young the of the courtship which led o the prennt marriage of de Lesseps are widely He was well ad vanced in the sixties when he met then a beautiful young woman in the early It was at a country She had long admired the great engineer for his and when saw him his grace and distinction at once captivated her Bnt how she to make him realixe this He evidently attracted by her rat considered her youth a barrier to any One morning they chanced to meet in a garden whither she had gone to gather For a moment they were and he made some joking remark her admirers asking which waa the Would she indicate her preference by the bestowal of aroae In amoaetrtsJiehadiilacedthewholefra aTBntbnroamin something that told tbe of her ThersiTare haafafnl often very deserving arood who lack the courage to make a pro and to each timid suitors a maiden may with ivopriety give aid and com fort Theetoryof John lUp one of the moat charming of thoee which record how a woman has taken the The young pioneer was at diffldent he and never girl better justified than theiair Priseffla when sheejleneed pleading in behalf of stout Cant Standuh by the famous Why dont you apeak for John Not only is it properly the right and even the doty of a loving maiden to help oat her wooer when the worldly advan are all on her ride or he is too bashful to disclose his bnt there some excuse to be offered for the girl who that he who offers a kiss intends thereby to offer his Too many men wander through the world stealing innocent young creatures a little of the freshness of tlieir seeking only the amusement of the careless how much suf fering they may A kiss should be the sacred symbol of and it is no more than prefer to assume that Some years ago a gay man of the world was riding on horseback beside a lively Washington By some means they became separated from the rest of the They ware alone in a wooded the twilight was their horses were walking very near Yielding to the charm of the and attracted by the beauty the face that was dangerously close to his the gentleman slipped his arm around the slender waist and their lips After a moment of pretty em barrassment she released herself from his embrace and said gently Yon will see mamma in the morn He was fairly for she was of a social position that protected but had she been of less rani the assumption might justly have been the No man of nice honor ought to offer an en dearment to a pure maiden without honest intentions of In thousands of cases men have been punished for their carelessness in these Many a man has lived in un congenial and wretched marriage with a woman he would never have because having been weak enough to form habits of familiarity with he had become entangled in an engagement be could not In while by no means ad vising the general adoption of Bnsk nells it is safe to admit that it is largely true that the men who are most worth having need sometimes generous encouragement from the woman they would A true lover is always doubtful of his the very power of his passion makes him and many a woman would have mode a noble wife and mother has re mained nnwedded because she shrank from granting the encouragement that an excellent man A good girl who knows herself beloved need not be too chary of giving some indication of her own In all womanliness and delicacy this may be graciously and gracefully Wait a Woman of Put those things back into the said of to the burglar who was rifling her cupboard of its silver knives and The burglar and the reason why he did was that Harer held a re volver to his She had heard a noise in her and prudently snatched up the revolver on her way down stairs to Now turn your pockets inside said Bv this time the fellow made np his mind that he was not going to be scored by a He a break for the or Ill ordered Harer tu a military tone of Life is even to a He A neighbor ran for a and Harer stood guard over her pris Wer with the pistol pointed at his head kill the officer llrrns of Tarklsh Turkish unless they are going do not trouble about dressing Their negligee is very negligent the hair is loose or carelessly They are barefoot if the weather is if not they wear woolen knit socks the tooea a crepe chemise with bng loose sleeves and a little Jacket forming thr house Whea they for receiving visits or for the evening visit of the husband they add a shalVa or long skirt whose four of are not Two are leftfo train in the back and the other two are usually drawn down between the legs or slightly twisted and left to traib in ths back The effect is very If the weather is cold they weara fur lined sacqne called and heelless A hellgktfal Seme girls in the city have organized a new and delightful known as the Seashell It is a very modest and meets at the homes of its various but the object sought for strange to accomplished is at once entertaining and The members of tbe club range from 16 to 90years of Some of them are still in but most of them have earned tbe Tennysonian degree of Each when she goes away for the Is expected to find as many varieties of seashells as study np on and read a descriptive report at tbe first fall meeting of the The girl who has the best and longest list ia presented with a gold or a silver rose jar or some other pretty yet in expensive The amount con chological knowledge which each girl ac during tbe summer months ias soone of them gives a girl the moat dignified and proper reason in all the world for strolling on the beach lust as much as she wants to with some body to help her find rare York Evening The Otker gldo of n Popular A neighbor of mine tumbled off his house the other day while he was acting as amateur A professional painter who stopped to inquire for him said he hoped he would not die of although he was taking the bread out of the mouth of the honest Our dressmakers have not begun to talk to us in this way on the contrary everybody praises the woman who bias her daughters taagnt the com plete art of cutting and And yet arovmaking is a as shocmaking d The woman who gets her bread and butter by it should know all the and onttt of its many For Other to lenrn some smattering of it may often be even bnt it is not in tbe line of social Commercial An Important They act OB the stomach and bowels through the A new They speed ily cure bad torpid and Splendid for women and to for U Mote itnosei A BESEFIT AIL AEOtJW Good at for the Gity Man as for the law rf Tax tlm to The proposition to generally improvt the country aeons to meet with little favor among those who would bt most benefited and who mnst therefon be most depended upon to do be work the country Yet the agi tation which is being so generally car ried on all over the United likely to bear The comparatively few men who lee the necessity for and are willing to do their share toward bringing good roads will yon may be labor in Their efforts will probably result ic the building iu New York in Penn in in in in southern in in Massachusetts and in California of one or two great thoroughfares which will be under the control of the state in most under control of private cor pniatinan in tillui 11111 i The are mostly working on an ingenious They figure that if they can compass the construction of one or two goid broken stone thorough fares through the rnral districts the in by driving upon will be made to appreciate their advantages and the result will be a revolution of popular feeling in favor of good country Said one of the enthusiasts who lives near spend on an average nearly twentyfour hours a week iu working for reform in the country roads of this do you know that within twentyfive miles of the beautiful city of Utica there are public roads over which it is dangerous to drive an ordinary lightly construct ed buggy And they are not by ways iu sparsely inhabited districts They are the main thorough fares in one of the most prosperous and richest aricnlturiil regions in the And yet for the biggest part of the year these roads are in a frightful A rain will make them almost impass able from mud in dry seasons the wagons have to be dragged through six inches of yielding sand and the dust is enough to suffocate a Arent they repaired occasionally of course they and therein lies the greatest Its an actual fact that the roads are not made better by the so called bat are really made Load after load of gravel is dragged into their center by the farm ers who are working oat their taxes and dumped And there it stays ngly heap of little stones and which is seldom leveled by anything but It not only males the roads un comfortable to ride but it makes them absolutely no matter how good a driver he may is apt to be overturned by it and perhaps have his neck broken on some dark No one will drive on it until increased tiaffic at the sides has rendered them im I have known one of these irregular mountains of gravel to lay on a much traveled occupying the center of the thoroughfare and practically un marked by for two And the number of loads of which I have known to have been upset by such attempts at repairing I couldnt count an my fingers and The root of the opposition to road improvement in the rnral ac cording to my lies The fanner sees that if the country roads were to bemacadamized or telford ized he would have to pay his road taxes in money instead of working them I dont know howmanystateshaveadopt ed this pernicious plan of working out road but I presume it is I believe that it has done the farmers more real damage in this state than all the storms that ever were known here put The thing that the farm er wont believe is that if the roads in his county were good his farm would be enoughmoreprontablesothathecould af ford to pay hisroad taxes in money a dozen times if And yet ita as plain as the nose on his face that if the roads were good his horses could pull more ovr and that if each horse could more he wouldnt have to keep so many and if he had few er horses he would need fewer men to care for there would be a saving in a thousand setting aside the fact that life would be more beara ble in the country if communication be tween different parts ruadu And then again suppose he wants to sell his farm some time Do yon sup pose that a sensible man will pay as much for a farm that is separated from the city and the markets by five miles of mud and misery as he would if those five miles were smoothly paved with broken stone or even traversed by good dirt roads I guess not Take the caseof New for There are many miles of Telford roads iu that state and what do the farmers say of it they say that it has in creased the profits of their farms by 23 and thej say that it has in creased the cash value of their farms by 35 per and they say that it has made life on a farm pleasant instead of I propose to keep hammering away on the subject until something May be it will be my pocketbook and may ifit will be the wall of intolerance and nonsense which so many otherwise sensible men have built around them I hope and believe that it will be the There are a good many men like the man and their words and acts will leave their Isaac a New one of the officers of the New York State Roads Improvement and an official of the League of American Wheel preparing a book on made im He will have it published and and give the League of American Wheelmen the privilege of distributing aa many copies as they choose Afterward it will be placed on In it ho will deal with the sub ject in a commonsense avoiding technicalities and mating everything As Potter U a sensible and a good writer book win be inter esting and to the point A BENEFIT ALL Coutr Xccnaary for tin City Maat far tkw The common road is to the part of the machinery of It bears a marked mechanical relation to the farm and to the power by which the wagon is same re lation that a steel rail bean to the way car and to the The wagon and tbe car are alike in many es sential snbject under aimilar con mtionatothe same rules of cane and eftct and both are and upon hard ateel of the railway track each other intherffeieBt Bat roan u the designed t claim to of ed to the railway by ita on way In the of the railway track it is two conditions of are indispensable to the eeoMaaicai management of They enable the railway company to carry grain ftem Chicago to New York for twenty per hundred and nuk a hied Mine profit by the two conditions of inn nil staej ajpl hardness make np the eaeoamssl omerence between the track the farmers highway not that it it urged that the common road can be made to fully rival the railway track hi point of but as power required to mnrn tbn of of produce which are annually hauled over miles of country It can be so hugely diminished by the nee of smooth and hard roads that the dom of the railway corporation would be demonstrated to every farmer by am object lesson in which he could and both interest and A good road U always independent of the The average country road inteiniitirnt in its condition in pathy with the caprice of sun and storm a streak of disturbed fringed by weeds and crowded by It ab sorbs with irksome slowness the forty odd inches of annual rainfall which upon its and for weeks at a time is useless for any of the substantial par poses of travel or In summer it is powdery in sticiy and ft ie condemned by our own experience and shamed by comparison with the of other It is maintained by a system which every enlightened coun try of Europe has long since condemned and discarded as extravagant and unfit for the purposes of modern To carry on the business of agriculture theseroads in their present condition re quire the farmers of the state of New York alone to maintain permanently the sum of invested in of which at least 30 per could be saved by the use of properly constructed Add to this a fair estimate for the saving of wagons and and the in creased value of farming lands which always follows the construction of good and the conclusion is eaaity reached that the cost of improved as shown by the experience of otke would be profitable for the people of today and a lasting legacy to future Bnt if good roads are a benefit to tbe farmer it must not be forgotten that they are also in a great degree important and valuable to the cities as Taw increased cost of hauling produce over bad roads is added to the ultimate mar ket and is paid in the end by The certainty of good the year round insures the uniformity of enlarges the farming territory which contributes to the home and increases the business of town and The enhanced value of rural property under the influence of better roads tends to equalize assessments and lighten the proportionate share of the cities in the payment of state The manufacturer and tradesman are di rectly benefited by the maintenance of good and every citizen who these To the former of New York state they would cost scarcely if a balance were to be struck be tween the expense and the income the cost would be less than In the state of New York the farmers are pecu liarly They pay a compara tively small portion of the state and in the improvement and mainte nance of the principal roods under a Him eral state law the farmers contribution would be exceedingly It been proposed to raise the sum of by a state payable in seventeen years and at a low rate of and to devote the entire sum to the improve ment of the country This would be sufficient to construct an fifty miles of splendid roads in county of the and the entire ly assessment upon a farm of of would be less than Leaving out of the question tbe advantages which such roads give to the farmer in the carrying on of his it will be seen that an isV crease of only 1 per cent in the of any farm would amount to more than double the entire tax levied upon the farm for the purposes of this improve The reason for all this lies in the fact that about 85 per of aU expense would be paid by the They in erne ob ject to this bnt the took arguments which have been used by cities to oppose state roads have given way to the views of liberal statesmen in other countries as they will in In France the principal those node roads from which all the world might take ore made and maintained by the general and from day of their completion these nieihhaie added to the wealth and thrift and hnp piness of the whole Any aaja which to improve country roads is directly in the bxt of the though in a general i of benefit to the entire by Isaac Primitive Stock of It appears to have been a general among zoologists that the Argali or Ammon of which inhaHui am vast numbers the elevated of tral is the primitive stock of tbe whele race of domesticated Agreeably te this supposition we und that from the earliest times the inhabitants of Palestine anal the North of Arabia have been addicted pastoral The tribes ol wtsv tiering shepherds which frequent thent countries are descended from who led the same life thousands of and whose manners and hal to the present day irith niaasj the slightest jrnnen That young man is terrble laid a did not adi airs of a neighbors just home after a years post graduate in 5 I dont see call him green said the Such a splendidly educated and hes been in tMTv Humphr said her i you never heard of such a thing aa i The favorable tapresakm the first appearance of the liquid fruit Syrap of yean ago baa been awre by the pleasant of have used and the of prietors and Buanfaetnren f ornla Fig Syrup JCg OB die T 3
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