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Burlington Hawk-Eye (Newspaper) - August 31, 1890, Burlington, Iowa into STABLTSHED System Which Ex isted Many Years entyTUree Tears They Constituted S1 paradise for the Their Troops and the Indians RelIsIous e following is a condensation of an in The New Tork Times by Ben i Iranian One hundred and twentyone years on the 13th of J nan a of lie order of acoom twentysix threepack KanJfour or five Indian ar rved at San with the pur of establishing a permanent the savages and introducing fee arts of those pur JrLswere not only solemnly and relig ilpfo bnt commercially and success uflv earned The settlement was but it was not made so wifli JJitflje enconnteiiag of disturbing ele in two or three loss of Ijfevras Padre Crespis jjjjie as gives way Historically toPadre Juniporo who Mvefl Kt Son Diego July and onoe formally founded the first in at what is now old San where the padre a record which I once saw in of the presiding priest in was maintained for and various buildings were foected with more labor than benefit to file all of them having been Afterward appropriated to the use of tho I have this mission was it and others soon Jflnearly all of the great valleys bor the Pacific where there were rtas or roadsteads were marked by churches and commercial struct from San Diego to San rjrodlfcw as it was then call took its place as one of tho occupied provinces of the Spanish ThoJesuitswerebanishedfromlilcxico in and the king gave orders Hat the Jesuit mission in Lower Cali fornia should not be but shoolS bo placed in charge of Franciscan next to the the aost active and zealous missionaries in Spain The long cs jresscd a that new missions should be established further In tbolatterpartof supplies and means of transpor tabonwere collected for the newmis and four parties were sent out from Lower The only original record accessible of tho first settlement of Calif ornia is that briefly presented in the life of Jnnipero f Serra by his friend and for some time Francisco who wrote it atthemission of San Francisco in Crespi was in the habit of keeping tones whenever he and sev eral copies of them arc now in possession of the Catholic priests in charge of those that have not entirely crumbled into but none have been properly jreserred in the state or church archives of There is one thing certain Serra and histoother friars did their work as ihy understood and their missions continued to gain in herds of horses and sheep and wealth for for fortyfive after under theinimence of the Mexican they until at in after an existence of sixtysix they were the property was placed in thehanas of civil and the friars Tvcre deprived of power to And thus ended in Calif ornia a great system or combination of commerce and agri calhire and the result of good may have been derived was to leave the Indians in n TOse state than that in which they were found by the as they Boon afterward abandoned their habits of regular industry and began to die off very until there are not now of tho ten times that number fifty years ago and most of these at pres cntlive away from 1he whites in a con dition little better than that of tho coy Therewore twentyonemissions found ed in Hie first and most southern at in as heretofore men and the last and most northern at in Ixone was more than thirty miles from the while most of them were The mission at San Francisco was founded in andttatat Monterey in one year i after Padres Crespi and landed at San These missions were in t their best condition in Jilthongh in 1820 they had sliccp and Thev also kept at irort Indians and harvested Marly 10 bnsholsof grain of vari ous For seventy years these missions con stituted a not only for the mis sionaries and thiir but for the while they were compelled to work from 1en to sixteen hours a were well enough foci and phil antnrojncally cared for and treated to torso bear and ball fighting and cock fighting Snndav after StoRM r Vincent and others whose names are familiar to tho With out attempbpg to quote all that is saJd by these leading wo may snatcli a Bentenco of each of the fliree Thus ArchbishopCorrigan writes The question how far a Christian may in dulge in any form of worldly amuse ment is one meriting the most serious There can be no doubt in considering the diversion you name that all lands of round dancing arc con trary to Bishop Vincent remarks that in the dance there must be at some point a or so many wise and good people would not have taught and preached against it It has been To the pure all things are but who are the and how many such are there Let those dance who will the consistent who desires to consecrate his or her every word and act to will deem it wrong and inconsistent to Storrs concludes his letter on the subject with these wise words We should under any circum stances ask How far may I go in indulgence in amuse ments and still remain a Christian How not how in the way of personal service and self denial can I render to the Lord is the question which should constantly bo present in the mind of the true Christian Kolormcd Episcopal Chicago Reformed Episcopal synod shows the following substantial gains in Its report for the last year as compared with that preceding On May there were Sunday school ondonJIay there were and on May communicants May contributions for the and on Slay May property free of and on May The report of property does not include the new Church of the since and worth with but of debt Tlio Plngcr Have you a finger Bible Its the latest thing to hang with the rest of the danglers and janglcrs on ones chate The theory that the fashionable girl does not consult the good book out dde of Lent is thus conclusively dis The finger Bible is only an inch wide and three and onehalf inches It is published by the Oxford university press and printed on very thin India It doesnt weigh an One that I saw had a jeweled clasp and was bound in perfamed Its nearest neighbors wore a tiny crystal bottle holding some eort of cordial that swung on one and a nmnll box holding a smaller powder puff that swung on the Good New Tork Commercial SECRET SOCIETY Doings ofvthe Day in Lodge Room Castle Sketches and Portraits of the Recently Supreme Officers the of Odd One remarkable feature of the recent session of the supreme Knights of at Milwaukee was the fact that two of the supremo officers elected are The Pythian Triangle Kec ord describes them in thisway i George the new supreme chan was born in Alleghany coun March became an active member of the order during its in fancy in being initiated Claire of Eau of which he is still Be was elected grand prelate of the Krand lodge of Wisconsin in grand chancellor in supreme representative in supreme inner guard in supreme master at arms in 18S2 and reelected in and in 18S7 the grand lodge of Wisconsin again elected him su premo Shaw was elected supreme vice chancellor in Morrison was born in and emigrated to California in He became early identified with the of in that represented Mystic at the grand lodge session held at Car 1S7G was elected grand chan cellor at tho ninth an nual session of the grand lodge of Ne held at Virginia City in 1SS1 was elected su preme rep rc se n tivo to the supreme lodge at the tenth an nual session of tho grand lodge at Carson in and has at tended every session of the supreme lodge from that He was elected inner guard of the supreme lodge in 18SS at and appointed aidedecamp with the rank of colonel on the staff of Carnohan in At the recent session he was elected supreme master ut The new supremo is of He was made a knight in Welcome Chi in 1S7L In 1S73 he became a charter member and first chancellor commander of Imperial Ho has taken a deep interest in and was largelv instrumental in forming San Diego In 1STC he was elected grand and advanced each session to grand vice chancellor and grand In 1SSO he was elected supreme representative and elected again inlSSflfor four commencing In of the Uniform was instituted at San and he was elected first lieutenant commander and the following year sir knight In he was elected colonel of the Third regiment of the California bri those fraternal ties and beneficial pies made OddFellowship stand in the front rank of all humanij fi f v Seasons for Rejecting Items of Daring theiyear 1SS9 Grand Medical aminer Million examined have been approved and 1SS The est number rejected for any one cause is account of family The next larg est number ou account of There were rejected on account of habits nineteen This includes the ccssive use of alcoholic tobac habitual use of chloral or any other The grand lodge of following in tho wake of Iowa and has made The Indiana Hecordor assessment notice in and every member will receive the paper at the ex pense of the grand The Kentucky grand lodge has fixed the per capita for 1S90 at quar The Kentucky grand lodge will hereafter hold annual and will convene on the second Tuesday of The clement of suspensions our death rate is one not always apprecia In the jurisdiction of Michigan of the members initiated only re Every Female Should be Taught How to Treat Tthe Sick and to Make Her Sick Boom V tike a Bay of and of the lossof only 690 have attention and their educational npbring been by In New York men have joined the and remain of the losses have been by suspen sion and only by The same is doubtless true of other These while on many accounts to be have much to do in lessening tho amount on the death of The grand medical examiner of Pennsyl vania publishes every month the number of date and cause of all re The degree of honor is interesting the members in Tho grand lodge of Missouri wants the supreme lodge to abolish tho present ritual and substitute therefor its Grand Recorder of the jurisdiction of gives a very al tering report from that section in matters for the year His port shows a death rate of only 5 on the in the order for tho y and tho sum of paid out to The grand master workman of Michigan in his report to the gronc lodge recommended tho abolishment ol individual notices and the publi cation of assessment notices in the official It has been decided by the supreme courl of Indiana that a as such has not an insunible interest the life 01 All Old Eiblo Some excavations were being made few days ago for building a house in when a bos was discovered which contained a Bible which was pub lished at Amsterdam in It is in the French The Bible has been put into the safe of Sotre Dame Savings Tlio I lovo not because I hope for heaven isor because t3iey ivlio love tnce not M ust burn eternally Isotwith the hope of gnining aught Xot seeking a reward But as thyself hast loved O ever loving Een so I love thee and vdil And in Uiy praise Tvill Solely because thou art niy God And my eternal Tork THE GENERAL RELIGIOUS An I View of the Ijpsent Con dition of a Stranjo The annual meeting of the Society of a very impressive view of the t condition of this interesting Though it is generally under that the society is losing ground Saras numbers are there w evidence of failing vigor 5n its spat and Jhe Friends have always regarded ed ition as indispensable in the main of their Last year thev class school in town with a view to countcr aottae mfiaeace of the Church of Eng educations institutions jave attracted the younger members of This year special attention a to he given to the provision of educa facilities for the children of g to tte arfisan dasses is to be made also in the di meeting the requirements of wealthy and cultured classes tanging befoie them the principles study and acceptance of which shave fo5mil Peace and rest no less than fiftythree Eng on the mission The income is over and the chief spheres of labor and where somehun to tho agents of Tiicy have also an interest m district of Mount less vigorous their are working for the of the East End of effective temperance le exertions in the cause of Quaint and old The six Bibles of the world aro the Koran of the tho Tsi Pitikes of the the Five Kings of the the Three Vedas of the the Zendavesta and tho Script Tires of the William Henry stated clerk of the Presbyterian general assem reports the total membership of the Presbyterian church northern at This indicates n net increase of According to the statistics gathered Dj Payson statistical secre tary of the international Sunday school thcro are in the United States Sunday with scholars and The who has been carryipg ou an important evangelical work in Cuba as a Baptist has been arrested and His case has been presented to tho state de partment as that of an American citizen who is a victim of religious The London Yearly Meeting of Friends reports an increase of members for the year of The whole number received was of whom 190 were received by birth and 344 by Tho losses were by 6 by dis 00 by resignation and 78 from other King of Central who was dethroned and driven out of the has returned and is asin at the head of the In a letter written to Cardinal Lavigeneho asks that priests be sent to teach the re ligion of Christ in all the country of There was held in Glasgow recentiy a meeting of ministers and elders in the Free Church of Scotland who are op posed to Professors Bruce and A committee of seven was appointed to draw up a inimifesto setting forth rea sons for being dissatisfied with the de cision of the assembly in the two A larger committee was appointed to re revise it and make it Of the priests of the Catholic church the United numbering in all 8 U32 only or about clrdffig to a recent aro members o tobgknib Of this number 637 nro 323 231 Fran IPS Domini S2 ths remainder being divided among nineteen other religious EndiuvortobealvrKjspatient of the faults and imperfections of tor thoa hast many faults raperfecbons of ihy own that require a reciprocation of If thou sirt not able to make thyself that which thou wisnest to be how canst thou expect to mould an Dates of Initiation of tho Koyal Xtcuia of Frederick Prince was initiated at i special lodge held at Kew by Desaguliers on the 5th His the Duke of was initiated in Tho of oJ Cumberland grand master in 17S2 and of sons of the Prince of were made respectively in and 1700 the first of the three at and were all granted the rank of of England in The Duke of son of the last was admittted in 1703 and made in George then Prince of was initiated by his tho Duke of and succeeded him as grand master in resigning ou his accession to the throne in 18137 but retainingthetitle of His the Dukes of of Clarence William IV and of were made in 1788 and the latter at Tho of Kent played a prominent part as grand master of tho rival grand lodge at the union of All three ivere granted the rank of past grand Another Duke of Cum afterward king of was initiated in received the usual rank of a and from 1S2S till his death in 1S31 was grand master of the grand lodge of His son George V of Hauovcr was initiated at Hanover in succeeding him as grand and ruled both tho grand lodge and tho kingdom till tho Prussians abolished the one and the other in Finally the Duke of another brother of George vras initiated at Berlin in was deputy grand master of England in and in 1S13 became grand master till his death ic Michigan urges the supreme lodge to re duce the maximum age to Silield of The semiannual session the grant lodge of Pennsylvania was held in Phila delphia There havo beenaddet two lodges during the term just closed and the membership now numbers over in the with twentytwo lodges The order is in a very nourishing condition nnd a number of new lodges will he oddet during the coming 33cnefit The order was incorporated in Boston May and has now a membership of about It pays in a year and per week sick benefit on a S3 assess It is calculatedaboutflfteeuTassess ments will be made the first It also pays at Order of The order has hi financial department is in good an the order is in an exceedingly prosperous The average increase in mem bership during 1S90 has been COO per Ancient Order of The constitution is issued and now ready for The director general is traveling in the west and the upper part of Xew York state in the interest of the Senates are under way in New York and other Guardian Endowment Just certificates have been issued daring the six months previous to July Order of The order numbers 93 lodges and members and is still Jr L t tS A be Inyalu able to Every III had a dozen said a dear old ady whose sole hostage to fortune chanced o bo a and one nob very well trained at 11 would have them all finish their education in a training school for nurses As she uttered this wise remark she was standing at the footof a sick bed amateurish attempt of a well meaning but inexperienced hands to ar range the to tho satisfaction of an And her remark was heart ily echoed by bothamateur naise and the poor sick whose nerves were being rasped by the kindly meant but unavailing attempts to render In these days thoroughness train ing in all lines of schools oJ manual training are regarded as de cidedly tho proper thing for the education of boys who have no idea of becoming me though trained to handle the tools when the particular talents of the young of eithersex are sought out with serious ana This idea Is as tunny as icis said for water cannot be made hot enough to penetrate or melt other curious idea is to chip a fragment out ottho chimney so as to enable it to more In out the piece half tho time a small crack is and the first excessive the gloss endures terminates its v I have been making ehimneyi a good many years I confess free ly I dont IGaow how it is some are so much cheap chimney that I Lave used regularly for at least two while Ihaveusedup three unbreakable ones inone year on another I inclined to think that there is more luck than saltwater about toughened WOMANS WOfttD IN Is tlio Odd Fellows City of tho The following taken The Register shows that is the Odd Fel lows city of the world In 1SS9 the asses sors of Portland returned the number of polls as and estimated the population of the citv at There are Odd Fellows in the seven subordinate so that there is one Odd Fellowtoeach 347100 of the and one to each 14 CG100 of the This is believed to be the largest ratio of Odd Fellows to the voters and population any city in the There have been 29 grand of whom 11 are living and IS are The order in Xcw Hampshire gained 117 last and now has a membership of Iowa reports 473 lodges and mem A gain of 5 lodges 710 Massachusetts has members in good standing in the subordinate The new Odd Fellows hall in Louis has a library containing It is supported by the grand and subordinate lodges tho former contributes an while the subordinate lodges donate 50 cents for every new member in Brothers who visit tho city from other jurisdictions are allowed all the privileges of tho library The Odd Fellows temple at pays nearly yearly on the invest Degree lodges are not as numerous as they niight Louis has a Rood that has been in existence sinca 1S42 Albany Kebekah of is said to have one of the finest degree stafls in the Its paraphernalia cost and in giving the work ten tab leaux are The Odd Fellows home at K J is free from debt and has a surplus of 58 500 in the There aro now twentyeight inmates in the home who aro supported by members of the order in that each of whom con tributes annually twentyfive Enterprise of has de cided to visit theWorlds wherever The Albany Argus of date says thatit is a mistake to say thatthe order was instituted at Baltimore in A lodge was formed in Xew York city in j ns Shakesneare It The Masonic relief fund for the Johns town sufferers reached the sum of contributed Xew In Massa New and The New Tork state grand lodge Bible bears the following Presented by Sewall Fisk to the grand lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the state of New The holy book is in good with the exception of the backs being slightly and tho clasps aro For thirtyfive years has this Great Light been spread at every communication of the grand Charles in his recent historical sketch relating to ItoyalArch affirms that Jerusalem of is the oldest chapter of Royal Arch Masons in the Its minutes are complete from 1707 to the present Meyer also claims that tho Royal Arch chapter of Pennsylvania fe the oldest in It was organized in 1793 by the grand lodge of that and continued to hold this subordinate posi tion until when it assumed the pre rogative of an independent and sovereign The Masonic assemblies fell into disre laws were passed against them and their legality finally abolished in 1547 Masonry took refuge in small independent town of which we havo many on Anderson found on old tradition that an assembly was held in York aboul the year and an armed force was sent to disperse but friends were mode of its leaders and the assembly was allowed to continue its The Dnke of tho third son of Qneen is not only a most enthu siastic but a prominent member o the being a past grand warden of the grand lodge of a grand officer o the grand lodge of provincia grand master of am in the East The Masonic temple at It The permanent loan is The Albany in a description of series of evolutions made by Palestine Commandery of New York says of the last movements was veryT but was with the greatest of It wasitheformation of the word a compliment to tho eminent the letters were formed the deposited their retired and wheeledjnto and the swords the When in lino they doffed thenhel mets to their eminent who re turned the The late of the royal navy of had erected a private jlodgo room at the back of his dwelling at Jene onleitherside of which atgrave had been prepared forhim aged and in one of whichhi3remains These tombs were o walled masonry and prepared under hia direction in His casket was of white manufactured under his personal su ing all bent to the one end of unfolding and developing that talent to a perfect why should not the idea prevail of training all young women to such a point in nurs ing that they may have confidence in themselves when called upon during lifes pathway to care for tho sick Xo matter what position a woman takes or is born to in this two things which she cannot escape are sickness and If the one comes in rare her I know no woman who at one tune or another has not been called upon to nurse some suffering fellow creature near and IT COULD BE TAUGHT AT In these days of when all who can afford theirexpense bring them into their families at times of long or violent the quiet peace and com fort which may be bronght into a sick room is fully But the vast ma jority of educated persons pecuniarily are debarred from indulging in such expensive luxuries and their sick ones Sup pose in the department of physical train which is being added to most girls as well as boys a of nurs ing was how many mothers do you suppose could be induced topen a letter of excuse to the head of the school framed in some such language as this Kindly excuse my daughter from the ex tra fatigue of pursuing this new I feel that she is already sufficiently I hardly believe that in all our wide land there is one who would havo so little thought for her daughters future as this on the contrary there would bo a general feeling that even an important study would best bo given up to gain a little knowledge of how easy it is to make the suffering more But such a giving up would not be nec essary the physical art of nursing could be taught in connection with the gym nasium exercise in the departments of physical and a course of lectures on this subject alone be added to the study of Why would it not develop the muscular power of tho arms as perfectly to be taught how to take a suffering frame on one and arrange the hot and crumpled pillow with a few deft touches of tho other as to move up and down a certain system of weighted machinery called health or to swing back and forth on rings suspended from ceilings But such a little thing as fixing the pil you why any one can do so thcjTcanJ But if you watch the look of expectancy and relief on tho face of a sick person when he sees a trained nurse bout to do this simple and the sigh f satisfaction when she is finished and he s put back to cool and absolute comfort and again the anxiety and distress so visi ly depicted when he sees oue of the fam ly approach to do the some simple nd hear the fretful voice exclaim aftcr my pillows are not right it is asy enough seenthat there are ways and rays of doing IT IS TO There are as we all whom has endowed with a wondrous gentle a magnetic a far seeing and these per ons we call natural Strange as may they are not in many cases gentle little bnt trong and often rough who seem to he ordinary observer better fitted for traili ng horses than for the care of an can think of such a one now as I in lond voiced iut who in sickness changes as under some magic The most fastidious invalid ains vigor and repose from his very and his loud words subdue them elves into the most encouraging and in iring Perhaps it is his strength that the invalid depends on perhups it is his self esteem hat inspires I admit such reasons there may but his nursing is a Hundreds of others just as ust as self jnst as are clumsy and useless about the And so are hundreds of low To ono who has hud experience with many trained nurses a certainty sinks into the mind that one need not possess this ift from nature to be a successful or the characters and personalities are as varied in the training school us in any other where a number of human beings are athercd One they all require is so that each herself may thoroughly de pend on her in which case the pa rent is sure to do so I would have every girl and boy taught tho elements of massage that when necessity they tnow how to work and knead tbe muscles n order to induce proper circulation of the ondhow certain other iend to rub pain away or to develop cer ain weak woman in any sphere would not be glad to know how to do this for a nervous or what husband for a suffering wife This knowledge and a thousand other minor points in nursing would do more in that bfttimcs futile search for hap piness than a thousand ologics stored in the works and crannies of the cago tThey Would 11 v A State Senator Half MlleM Good an Object The Cost off What Happened to a Woman Wlio Did Copyright by American Press If there is ono thing more than an other that I have been all my life beg with tears in my women to it is to read newspapers and keep alongside of current read tele graphic doings of Tho woman who does so is three times the woman who does More than two months ago an eastern bank failed and went into the hands of a of to The shaky condition of the bank had been known for some time before the final closing to those who kept their eyes But a few days ago a girl with a satchel on her arm walked into the bank which now held nothing bnt the the useless leather bound books and the empty With a smile the girl went to the receiver and told him she had come to deposit some more Did yon have money in this bank asked the she all I have And didntyou know the bank failed two months ago Nor I never heard of exclaimed the frightened Dont jou read the newspapers said the said I never Then she fell off in That is what women who never read newspapers into hys The Qneen Isabella Journal is the name of a neat little quarterly designed to pro mote the interests of women at the Worlds fair in Directly it will foster the recognition of Isabella of Cas tillo the matter of the discovery of for had it not been for this high spirited who pawned her jewels to give Columbus his outfit when the other sovereigns of Europe had re fused America would certainly not have been discovered the year it The headquarters of The Queen Isabella Journal are Bay State 70 State The association that publishes it will erect at the Worlds fair Isabella pavilion as a business and social headquarters for all members and others visiting the and any one can become a member of the association by paying a The Qneen Isabella as sociation during the Chicago unveil a beautiful statue of Queen Isa This is to be the vork of wo mans Harriet Hosmer is to make Tableaux of the Spanish court at the time of Ferdinand and Isabella will be given at the pavilion during the In Russia the same laws of property are in force forboth widow and Powder ancfwas known as Shakespeare was composed mainly of gentlemen of the theatrical was a self consti tuted the same perrision and kept in his private room during tho hist fifteen Tho proprietors of Elys Crcum Balm do no claim it to be a but a sure cure to colds in tlio head and Sit not or a but is easily nppli kinto the tit gives relierat ri K and women who are property owners an impartial observer it would seem as if there were no excuse for the bad ness of modern Neither precept nor example has withheld from tfie mea who have their building and maintenance in Any intelli gent farmer can sit down in his and figure out on the clean head oE a fifteen the benefit that good roads would do Why more farmers dont do and why the few who do dont act the dont get up and rustle for good roads as earnestly as they rustle for government is as nnexphunable as the proverbial Chinese Take the case of Market Gardener John who lives miles the city of for MrJSnirih lias a farm of which he veg etables and fruits ie city He has forcing beds by the dozen and his orchards arcmodels in their He is a practical man in the true sense of the Consequently he makes Tet it is a very easy matter to prove to Smith that he might make a good deal In fact it has proved to him many times that the bad roads between his farm and Cleveland shave fully of profit oft every load of produce he sends to And yet he does Do yon suppose that if I should go to Smith and show him that his way of raising celery was wrong that he lost a year by not pruning his trees properly that there was a waste of a good round sum in the way he pulled his would go on wasting and losing money in these Not at As soon as he found out these mis takes he would correct and when he applied the extra or or foOO to his bank account in tho fall or used it toward lifting that mortgage he would be well satisfied and would probably for my strange as it may I can prove to this same sensible John Smith seven times a week that by permitting the roads in his locality to be or sandy or muddy he loses just so much hard cash every and Smith will only smile and go on trusting in Providence to get his goods to market in good condition through sand and mud and over obstacles that would have made the ancient Roman rend his toga or would have caused the old time Aztec to believe that his favorite Chac had gone back on despite the juicy human morsel which had been of fered in sacrifice the day He re gards the progress of railway the erection of telephone or telegraph lines or the dredging of thenearest canal with great He will work him self into a white heat over a discussion of the tariff hut when road improve subject which has ten times as great a bearing on his prosperity as any of spoken of he becomes bored ioniy oryjoatt m tno cut of their way ta driveover I would try anil do good Ideterrnfaed to prepar biEwhichi will tctamrnimnmr farmer feels that he can work out Ma cheaper heTcan I believe wfll cheerfully in of the people from thec ies gointo tho count ryia summer ride which Jt all at present I believe everyone thecities Witt support a measure that will give us There are many cities along and the farmers away have helped to it year yean Is it not of as interest the state to have the road to get their produce to the as it I to have a water highway which enabla farmers tobring Ibelieve the losses tobusiness metfir cities during tholast twelvemonths a account of bad roads roads we ask thejosa sustained by the farmers able to get i roods and the farmer four miles 1 thecity wiE be worthas as c only onemile away It would haps cost year tomaintain t roads after I harehad map made of the state roads ei tending from one county seat to and there areabout miles of of Meeting of theNew Toi State Roads Improvement The Virtue in Henri do president tho Botanical society lectured be fore the Royal Horticultural society ou the subject of He spoke of the nutri tive value of due to the potashsalts though present in vegetables gen aroeliminatedin the process cook These aro some of tho plants ho enumerated as being used for salads corn common chic barbc do curled andBatavian dandelion In its several forms of purslane in small blanched salsify Brussels tho roots of rampion and the bulbs of the stalks of the floners of nasturtium and yuc the fruit of capsicum and tomato and in tho south of France pieridium and Spanish Various herbs are added to a French salad to garnish and fla shallot and borage In boiled vege tables ore dressed with vinegar and The lecturer exhibited specimens of dande barbe do capncin and both varieties of which he commended to the notice of as most useful and Chicago Errors About Xamp A well knowu who has been making lamp chimneys for ono of Pittsburgh big firms for a Ions ex pressed bis amusement the other day to a reporter at an account of an n lady who had used tjie same lamp chim ney for eight and who attribute j edits boiled it irivsalt vote there tfie same Martha Kernp is a single woman some what past 30 years old and lives in New Tork She has shown remarkable business Her father left her a fortune of a million Miss Kemp at once addressed herself to tho task of taking care of She has done so with such signal ability and success that she has increased her property and and is now one of the wealthiest women in New Tork An Englishman says that the most re markable feature of American life he in an extended stay here is tho girl There is nothing like her anywhere In Europe young women workers strike out for rent a it and live and yet remain through it all entirely refined Here is still moro testimony to the in tellectual capacity ofwomen Professor Charles Eliot Norton and the Greek pro fessor at Harvard both tell their students that they do not pass so good examina tions as the girls in the Profes sor in the department of phi teaches in both the college and the He says he is obliged to pre pare his lectures with greater care for the annex girls than for the because the women students question him more Opportunity comes to every man and but flashes past most unrecog for yours and seize it as it flies I Men do not rise and give women their seats in street cars any as they used to do before women entered so generally on business But let us not It is nothing against the polite ness or chivalrousness of tho It is simply a recognition of and a compli ment to womens ability to take care of I regard the interest taken in physical culture by young and old women as per haps tho most hopeful sign of develop ment among women in our To have got rid of the feebtesweet model of woman in the present genera tion is more than the most enthusiastic well wisher of the sex hoped But she is pleaso she is gone for Tho Berkley Ladies Athletic club of New Tork is an organ ization of women of high social stand a genuine school of physical The gymnasium contains appliances for severe and thorough de velopment of tho An extraordi nary desire for the ideal perfection of the body has sprang up in this country and in England which approximates the notions of the ancient Greeks on this This will bring magnificent results if with it goes the clear under standing thatto gain the ideal beauty womans intellectual and spiritual de velopment must go hand hand with the While the muscles grow strong and graceful the spirit must grow and gentle and sweet tem pered and learning kindly tolerance that distinguishes the great soul from the mean wfll come the perfect the dream of prophets and enthusiasts for Sixtyfour representing eight een now are members of the Fed eration of Womens In the far south and in the region east of Boston the club idea STOWS slowly among and a disgusted look on his Smith from the first day of May nntil the hist day of October sends at least one wagon heavily loaded with the products of his farm to the city la order to get the load there early enough he has to start it from the farm as early as 2 oclock in the for it takes three long hours to travel over the miles of intervening sand and After a rain or when from any other cause the roads are in a worse condition than usual the loads have to start as early as 1 oclock or even at mid When the load finally gets to the city the horses are tired out the driver is weary and disgusted with much of tho freshness has been jolted out of the and as likely as not a particularly deep rut or two Tins caused some part of the wagon to break under the Often the farm yields enough Agitatinf for Good The objects of the New Tort Roads Improvement are setnj forth It is a pity that there not a similar organization in every stated of the Union To encourage snchlegislatibn forroad improvement and to uniteall citizens in its support is one of thoprimeffl objects of the New Tork State Improvement Its ship is and it already 1 many prominent in differeci i of the It invites to its every citizen whobelieves that the mon roads should be and licits the fullest and frankest OIL all points germane to the general jj It is in every sense a moral than more righteous than too tical to be and a strangertoV sects and It invites the aid and all and especially of those cultural and industrial organizaticasiji which have been formed in theiuterestlf of the farmers and the business the It will publish from time practical information general subject of road constructio and its officers and memj agitate the question of good j at such public gatherings in the various5 counties as would bo likely to takeaaJ interest in this important Its work and object aro founded anthropyand it deserves the aid good will of all If the readacbjj is not already a member let consT whether he can in any moderaterv perform a more patriotic duty this association and invite 1 neighbor to do Tlie Goads of Says a gentleman now fat J Europe After nearly a week roads of Norway I want to pay atrib to the country roads of havent done it the backwoods of this where its inhabitants wrench living from hostile soil and climateitjj dowa to southern where thef erty stricken people have but ones to an entire or in j they are so poor that they havent at the roads are almost smooth and hard and Grand These roads make carriage ridingiaJ luxury anywhere instead of a is often tho case with and institution that deserves for more than one Smith has as many as six wagons drivers on the way to the city ut tho same In the latter in stances the evils are multiplied six that is Now what advantages would accrue to Smith if the his farm and his market were hard and smooth instead of sandy and rough in the first the tem pers of his men would be saved from a good deal of unnecessary This would make their lives they would be better and would be more apt to vote for Smiths candi date when November cornea They would not be so tired wuon they got back from the trip to the for if the roads were good the trip could be made in half the time which it takes If they were fresh and energetic they climbed off the wagons after the drive home they could do consider able other work for They would have an hour or to do it because of the saving of It is quite reasonable to sup pose that this would enable Smith to carry on the buoaws of his farm with one man less ttao hires a counting wagM and of a month at Then again over a smooth dry road horses can draw more than a quarter larger load than over a rough This has been proved time and time again if the roads Smiths farm and the city were good instead of bad the saving of time would enable him to get along with one man The lightened draft would enable him to get along ono team Much of the damage to wagons would be His men would be happier and his horses would hist It is diffi cult to put this down in dollars and The following table somewhat approximates it oC one mon six months at 3130 Wearandtearon SO Saving ia horseflesh 3230 Besides these would be the added comfort when Smith takes ly out driving for as he does and the better prices his less jolted produce bring when it was placed on AN OBJECT These instead in every county voting be given to some adventurers who bnflcta a rotten railway without putting dollar themselves and retire spend their money in brnldinggowEl wagon and when they want J to they have to travel that at any and every season is fiir fori royal Tork Tribu Cost the Ohio Kond Now what would be the cost unde the Ohio system to the owner of a dred acres square nponthe improvement for a road costing per mile would be lineal acres foronehunSi dred at produce an annual tax of Therea twentyfive lineal acres per multiplied by as both sides would prodncejai annual sum of per Ins years the amount of these sums i equal the price of the or The owner of a hundred acres wit one paying pay seven years as his share fix the building of mile of product is lower than our estfi based upon avaragc A warm salt bath is very refrcshingrto jj any one suffering from travel or of a longbhoppins expeditlo which is as trying to mind and body anything that be lira Away from simple substitute seawater is a cup rock salt dissolved in waterva added to the When the soli tating to the skin take a warm sponge with mixture oC viol lavender about habTa andrub briskly with a warm frfctipn toweL vt haustiou and danger coldwhiclif Souietimes They From thePeorla Transcript The agent of the Denver Lottery at after collecting fled with tho Occasionally man makes something out of a Why continue the use of snuffs or Elys Cream pleasant of application and a sure cure for catarrh and cold in the can be had Ifcis easi ly applied into the e and It gives relief atoneei State Senator Richardson UalT a 31110 oC Good Senator Richardson said that for ten years he had been pathmasterat his where ho had a of 200 and he knew something of of the present road He spoke of the difficulties of getting farmers to wort a as object have a sfoS JI dug mTst gravel k hog thepasf eighteenmont Curefor 3 Manycountryplacesarcbesetwitlit from visitors oreapt tcs It is well to know can becaret few applications of ashes in bag Dilute so that it will not be too ha leave it quite strong Pair afflicted ten minutesty withsoft tepid water Repeat twoor till a cure is ThePrincess an lands assistance csalm ing as much asthirtypoundaiS tills motherjthe t The soothing effects
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