Burlington Hawk Eye, July 26, 1890

Burlington Hawk Eye

July 26, 1890

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Issue date: Saturday, July 26, 1890

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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - July 26, 1890, Burlington, Iowa THE BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE. ESTABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.)BURLINGTON, IOWA, SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 26, 1890. (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WEEK. ONCE MORE ON THE TARIFF. The McKinley Bill Taken the Senate. Up in Senator Vance Argues at Length Against the Measure—The Sundry Civil Bill in the House — General Washington News. Washington, July 25.—As there was not a quorum present in the sedate at the hour of opening, the sergeant-at-arms was directed to request the attendance of the absent senators. In aboqt ten minutes the number of senators in attendance had reached the quorum point aud business proceeded. Mr. Blair presented a memorial from the headquarters of Grand Army posts expressing their abhorrence at the action of congress in allowing pension agents a fee of ten dollars in each case under the recent dependent pension act and enclosing a circular of a Washington claims agent offering to active men in their localities one-half of the fee iu all cases sent to him. Mr. Cockrell presented a memorial from St. Louis protesting against the passage by the senate of the federal election bill. Other memorials against the bill were presented from Adrian, Michigan. The house bill on that subject was, on motion of Mr. Hoar, referred to the committee on privileges and elections. Mr. Morrill moved to proceed to the consideration of the tariff hill, and Mr. Gray antagonized that motion with one to resume the consideration of the house bill to transfer the revenue marine service to the navy department. The latter motion was agreed to, and the revenue marine bill was taken up. Amendments were adopted extending the application of the bill to the life saving service. Mr. Cockrell spoke against the bill. He had not concluded his remarks when the hour of one o’clock arrived and the tariff bill came up as unfinished business. A formal reading of the bill was dispensed with. Mr. Vance then proceeded to address the senate. He said the result of the bill might be to reduce the revenue to a certain extent but not to reduce the taxes. What the people desired was a common sense reduction of the revenue and corresponding relief from the payment of taxes. The McKinley bill was an outrage on human patience and an insult to the intelligence of mankind. It neither reduced the revenue in the sense of reducing .taxation nor equalized the duties on the imports. On the contrary, it increased the taxation and made the duties more unequal by imposing heavier burdens on the poor and on the rich, and by so setting a tax on the necessries of life as to shock the moral sense of every just man. Vance went on to arraign the republican party for evils which (he claimed) protection had brought upon the country. He quoted from Blaine’s letter to Fry and said that the unmistakable wisdom of what that distinguished man had said illustrated the wisdom of what he had left unsaid. If it were important to extend American trade to Central and South America, it could not be unimportant to extend it to the European continent, which in wealth, and population, was ten times greater. If free trade with the people of the Latin races was desirable and profitable, no reasoning could show that a little free trade with the people of Teutonic blood was not also desirable and profitable. Mr. Plumb said before proceeding to the consideration of the bill by paragraphs he would like to know what the finance committee believed would be the effect of the hill on the revenue. Mr. McPherson said the almost unanswerable speeches of the senators from Indiana and North Carolina (Voorhees and Vance) seemed to preclude the necessity of any further defense of the democratic position. And now the senator from Kansas (Plumb) in the simplicity of his nature, inquired from his own committee for same information on the hill. Did not the honorable senator know that for the past three or four days the new papers had been full of the reports that it had been resolved, not only by the finance committee but by the republican caucus also, not to attempt any defense of the pending bill? If the bill could not he defended it could not be passed. He, therefore, in order to do business would move that the pending bill be recommitted to the committee on finance with instructions to report at ti earliest practicable moment a hill to reduce the revenue, and equalize the ? duties on imports on a basis that the average rate of duty should not esc* J the average ad valorem war tariff rate of 1861. McPherson then launched out iii a review of the tariff question in general, and the pending bill in particular. He undertook to show that neither the farmer nor consumer would be benefited by it. He referred to the campaign of 1888 as one in which an immense sum of money had been corruptly raised and corruptly used in behalf of the* republican ticket. That money had been raised, he said, among the beneficiaries of the pending bill. Chief among them was a pious citizen of Pennsylvania who had since been rewarded with a seat in the cabinet as the price of his villainy. Mr. Sherman criticised McPherson’s remarks as to reducing the average rate under the pending bill to the average rate existing in 1864, and explained that the average of 36.39 was made upon all goods then dutiable and undutiable, but that at that time not more that ten or fifteen per cent of tho imported goods were on the free list. Under the pending \ bill the per cent on imported goods would : be on the free list, and if the average | rate of duty was ascertained on the goods I dutiable and undutiable, it would be not fifty-two per cent, or thirty-six per cent, but only seventeen or eighteen per cent. Mr. Plumb complained that no detailed statement had been made as to the effect | that would follow the passage of the bill. | If there should be a deficit within the I next eighteen months it would be a pretty ( serious matter. He thought the senate | onght not to err on the side of a deficit. Going on to enumerate the expenditures for the next fiscal year, he gave it as his opinion that the dependent pension bill within the next two years would be costing the people fifty million dollars a year. Plumb went on to speak of the necessary expenditure of the government, and referred to the possibility of there being, next year, a deficit of nearly fifty millions, that would have to be made up by new taxes; and asked who was interested in producing that state of things. He thought in reporting the bill the matter had been overlooked. It seemed to him as if the report was interested in the rate of duties and had said: “We do not care what its effect on the revenue may be. That is not our concern. Congress    has got to mind that. We want the pound of flesh.’’ He gave notice that he would offer an amendment to the bill to increase tile revenue from other sources. He would never vote for a bill that he thought would be a cowardly invasion of duty imposed upon the senate to provide adequate means    to meet the    expenses of the    government.    He would propose    a duty on    in comes; he would propose an increased tax on alcoholic liquors; he would propose amendments that would prevent the formation of trusts. Mr. Allison defended the senate from the charges of extravagance in the matter of appropriation bills. ^r- Aldrich expressed the opinion j»hat McPherson was not serious in his motion, and remarked that if carried out into law the effect would be to increase the revenue by one hundred and ten million dollars over the amount that would be produced by the pending bill. Mr. Gorman asked Aldrich to give the senate a frank and fair statement as to the probable results of the bill if enacted into a law. Mr. Aldrich said if importations for the next fiscal year were the same as last the revenue would be reduced about twenty millions. He could not give the figures as to the expenditures. Of course the members of the finance committee did not propose by any legislation to reduce the revenues below the expenditures. They did not intend to create a deficit knowingly and purposely, and he did not believe that would be the result. After some further discussion and without action on McPherson’s motion (which is pending) the senate adjourned. THS HOUSE. The Sundry Civil Appropriation Bill Under Discussion. Washington, July 25.—Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, from the committee on appropriations, reported the sundry civil appropriation bill with the senate amendments with certain recommendations relative thereto. On a point of order raised by Breckinridge, of Kentucky, the bill was sent to the committee of the whole and Mr. Cameron moved that the house go into such committee for its consideration. After some opposition the motion was carried and the house proceeded to its discussion. On motion of Payson it was agreed that the general debate on all portions of the bill except the irrigation amendment be closed in thirty minutes and on those amendments two and a half hours’ debate will be allowed. Mr. Turner, of New York, made a brief speech criticising the men who controlled the business of the house in slighting the measures reported by the committee on labor and refusing to fix the time for its consideration. Mr. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, favored the senate amendment which provides for the repeal of the law for the selection and location of reservoirs and canals upon public lands and the reservation of irrigable lands. Mr. Vandever, of California, opposed the senate amendment, which he asserted would redound to thg interest of the great land speculators. Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, opposed the senate amendment. If adopted, it opened thirty million acres not only to homestead settlement, but to desert land, timber, culture and pre-emption settlement under which any citizen could take up twelve hundred acres of land. One acre of this land upon which water could be obtained was equal to at least three acres of land in Illinois. If it were adopted, all reservoir sites would he opened under the homestead pre-emption desert land and timber culture laws. Pending further debate, the committee rose and the house took a recess. Nothing was done at the evening session of the house. BLAINE MAKES REFLY. extent of their capacity on reasonable charges, and will prevent and publish combinations between persons engaged in such business and transportation companies, or their agents, which have the effect and Rave been made, or shall be made, with the intent of forcing farmers to s$ll their products or in any way to affect the market price of farm products. __ PALMER ON THE FAIR. He is Pleased With the Settlement of the Location Question. Washington, July 25.—Ex-Senator Palmer, president of the world’s fair commission, accompanied by Secretary Dickinson, is in the city in the interest of the fair. Palmer expressed great gratification over the settlement of the location of the fair and said it would, in his opinion, add largely to the general interest and attractiveness of the fair, because the Lake Front would he devoted to the features that would naturally draw the crowds at night, while the bulk of the fair proper would be located at Jackson Park. Being asked as to the truth of the report that Goshorn had stated he would not accept the position OI director general, Palmer replied the committee had not the authority to offer the appointment to Goshorn, and did not know he would accept it if offered. “But,” said he, “he has not yet said he would decline to serve.”_ GENERAL WASHINGTON NEWS. SET IN THEIR WAY?. I British Legislators Loth to Override Preeedents. The Heligoland Discussion—Stambouioff Losing His Grip on Bulgaria—The London Dock Troubles Settled—The Parnellites. Farther Correspondence With Senator Frye Concerning Reciprocity. Washington, July 25.—Senator Frye has to-day received a letter from Secrecy Blaine in reply to his of recent date. Mr. Blaine says, in part: “You ask me what assurance I have as to Spain’s, willingness to enter into reciprocal arrangements of trade with the United States. Your questions surprises me, for you can’t have forgotton that only six years ago the prime minister of Spain in his anxiety to secure free admission to our markets for the sugar of Cuba and Porto Rica agreed to a very extensive treaty of reciprocity with Mr. Foster, then our minister at Madrid. The year before—in 1883—a very admirable treaty of reciprocity was negotiated by General Grant and Mr. Trescot, as United States commissioners with the Republic of Mexico—as the treaty was considered in all its part and all its details—whose results would, I believe, have proved highly advantageous to both countries. In view of the pending discussion, it is a somewhat singular circustances that both of these treaties failed to secure the approval of congress and failed for the express reason that both provided for the free admission of sugar. Congress would not then allow a single pound of sugar to come in free of duty under any circumstances whatever. And now the proposition is to open our ports free to everybody’s sugar and to do it with such rapidity that we are not to have a moment’s time to see if we can not make a bettor trade—a trade by which we may pay for at least a part of the sugar in the products of the American farms and shops. change of opinion certainly Im . >eer. : - markable in so brief a period. Indeed the only danger of our not securing advantageous treaties of reciprocity now is tile possible belief on the part of those countries that we are anxious for free sugar that by patient waiting they can secure all they desire without money and without price. Fearing that result I sought an interview with eight republican members of the committee on ways and means more than four months ago. I endeavored to convince them that it would be expedient and wise to leave to the president the opportunity to sue what advantageous arrangements of reciprocal trade could bo effected'. I was unable to persuade the committee to take my view. It is, I think, a very grave mistake to oppose this reciprocal proposition touch ing sugar, from the fear that it may Conflict in some way with the policy of protection. The danger is, I think, wholly in the opposite direction. The value of sugar we annually consume is enormous. Shall we pay for it all in cash or shall we seek reciprocal arrangements by which a large part of it may be paid for in pork and beef and flour, in lumber and in salt and iron, in shoes and furniture, and thousands of other things? I think tho later mode the highest form of protection and the best to promote trade When shall we enlarge our commercial intercourse with that great continent South America, if we don’t now make a beginning? If we now give away a duty on sugar (as we already have given away duties on coffee and hides and rubber) and get nothing in exchange which shall be profitable to the farmer and the factory in the United States, what shall be our juttification for the policy? You have recently received congratulations— in which I cordially join—on carrying the shipping bill through the senate. Do you not think a lino of ships generously aided by the government will have better prospect for profits and permanence if we can give to them outward cargoes from the United States, and not confine them to inward cargoes from Latin America?” HEADING OFF COMBINATIONS. A Bill to Suppress Lotteries Favorably Reported to the House. Washington, July 35.— The house postoffice committee to-day agreed upon substitute bill in lieu of a number of pending bills adverse to lotteries, and ordered it reported. The substitute prohibits lottery circulars and tickets, lists of drawings, money or drafts for the purchase of lottery tickets, or newspapers containing lottery advertisement or drawings from being carried in the mails or delivered by carriers, and a penalty of a fine not exceeding $5,000 and imprisonment not exceeding one year is imposed on any person depositing such matter in the mails. The postmaster general is also to be authorized upon evidence of the existence of a lottery gift enterprise to cause registered letters directed to the company to he stamped “fraudulent,” and returned to tho sender. And lie may also forbid the payment of money orders addressed to lottery or gift enterprise companies. A Pension for Mrs. McClellan. Washington, July 27.—The house committee on invalid pensions to-day ordered a favorable report upon the bill granting a pension of $2,000 per annum to the widow of the late General McClellan. A Report Demanded, Washington, July 25.—The secretary of state has called upon the United States minister at Guatemala for a report in regard to the alleged detention of the steamship Colina at Guatemalan ports, and the seizure of arms and ammunition which formed a part of her cargo. Patents Issued to the Union Pacific. Washington, July 25.—Patents have been issued to the Union Pacific Railroad company, under directions of the secretary of the interior, amounting to486,67° acres. ROBBED OF HER LOVE. Insanity Strikes Down a Bridegroom at the Marriage Alter. Columbus Junction, July 25.—John Williams, a Welchman forty-one years of age, who owns and for several years has lived alone on a farm five miles west of Columbus Junction, was engaged to a young lady who had come all the way from Wales to wed the man who had won her affections in the fatherland. Last Thursday he was down after tho license and on his return they were to be united in marriage at his brother's house. But before the ceremony was performed he became suddenly and furiously insane. As is usual in all such cases, the one he loved most he now loathes the sight of, and has tried to take her life when she comes into his presence. A few days ago he jumped through a window, breaking the sash and lights, and for a time eluded his pursuers. When he was taken it was with the greatest difficulty that he could be returned to his brother’s house. The commissioners of insanity went up and examined him last Monday and he .was taken to the hospital for the insane that evening. The physicians think that the lonely life he has led and the unwholesome diet he has had so long has so impaired his health that the mind has given way under the extra strain and excitement. They think that with proper treatment he will soon recover. It is to be hoped that their expectations may be realized. It is sad for Ins friends, but especially so for the lady who is wild with grief and homesickness. KANSAS CORN CROP. London, July 25.—The turn taken by the debate on the Heligoland-Zanxibar agreement in the house pf commons has produced a genuine sensation in political circles. Mr. Gladstone and Sir William Harcourt made it plain that the action of the government in seeking to ratify a cession of territory by act of parliament was a pure and a most dangerous inBova-tion. There is absolutely no precedent for it. In America, where precedents are created every day and disregarded every day, the significance of the facts pointed out by Mr. Gladstone and Sir William Harcourt can hardly he appreciated. The Englishman has a high re-pect for precedent and it must be on very weighty grounds indeed that he will assent to any overturning of established principles of government. Hence Lord Salisbury’s conservative friends have a somewhat disagreeable role to perform in supporting his method of procedure in this case. The effect of the introduction of the practice of submitting such matters to parliament would be to practically give the house of lords control of the foreign office. As the house of lords has always an overwhelming majority or tories who are obedient followers of the conservative leaders, this would amount to giving the tory party perpetual control of foreign affairs. It is the general feeling that the present system, whereby the approval or disapproval of the government’s foreign policy can be made effective through a vote of want of confidence at auy time, is a much safer system for the country than the one involved in the pending bill. There is very little authentic news from Bulgaria this morning, but the little that comes is of a very disquieting character. Numerous desertions have taken place from the garrisons of Shumla, Wid-din, Silistria and other fortresses, and bands of armed men are gathering in the fastnesses of the Balkans, presumably in preparation for an insurrection against Stambouioff and Prince FerdinandJ There is a rigorous censorship of the press in Bulgaria and Stambouioff allows nothing to get out that is not colored in his favor. The correspondents who send the news are English, and they represent the dissatisfied elements as being in all cases paid agents of Russia, which is absurd. Stambouioff has evidently lost his hold on the majority of tho Bulgarian people, who will not forgive him for the execution of Pauitza, which they call a murder. Their fathers have looked to Russia for centuries, and they naturally regard any man who opposes the Muscavite policy as a bad friend of Bulgaria. For Prince Ferdinand, who ran away to Vienna on the evo of Panitza’s execution and signed the death warrant on board the steamer which took him oil, they have always had a feeling of contempt. Blood is sure to flow freely before long. There is no truth in the statement persistently cabled to certain American newspapers that dissensions exist among the Parnellite members of parliament and that there is a probability of a revolt against Mr. Parnell’s leadership. The Irish leader was never stronger in the confidence of his colleagues and in that of the masses of the Irish people, and his recent speech, in which he gave Balfour some advice as to how he could profitably employ the Irish police, has their full approval. The prophecies of evil come in all cases from men who are his secret enemies and who are in alliance with the dynamite faction in America. Parnell appears to have grown tired of allowing himself to he misrepresented and recently hit back hard at Michael Davitt. In his evidence before a parliamentary committee he placed on Davitt’s oactious opposition the entire responsibility for the failure of the scheme of migrating the starved inhabitants of the congested districts of tho west to the rich grass lands of the central counties. There is a strong effort being made to persuade Parnell to visit America with a view to remedying the chaotic condition of Irish matters there. It is hardly likely that he will go._ DON’T LIKE HIS TONE. ton on the Egypt was on firs when she left New York. "He says the boats of the steamer, with the exception of two, were worthless,_ American* Honored. Paris, July 25.—Messrs. Bigg* and Reitlinger, Americans, have been created knights of the Legion of Honor for their services to the French trade, hut more especially for work they did in connection with the French exposition of last year. _ Crop* Destroyed. Paris, July 25.—Crops throughout the country, except in the eastern section of the Rhone, have been destroyed by incessant rains. The losses are estimated at 505,000,000 francs. The price of bread is rising, The Heligoland Cession Bill. London, July 25.—The Heligoland cession hill passed the second reading in the commons to-night by a vote of 209 to 161.    _ Thirty Arabs Killed In Morocco. Madrid, July 25.—Thirty Arabs were killed in the recent fighting at Mellilla, Morocco. Held Responsible. Quebec, July 25.—The coroner’s jury in the case of the Maranda family, five of whom were burned to death last Wednesday, returned a verdict holding Pierre DeLamere and his wife and Jean Gauthier, their barkeeper, as responsible for the fire. The prisoners were committed to stand trial for wilful murder. RUSSIA’S OIL CENTER. CHAUTAUQUA DAY. Interesting Exercises at Bluff Park Yesterday. The Declamatory Contest Thursday Night —Recognition Day Address by Rev. C. C. Woods, of Xeosha. Mo.—State News. Expected to Average 50 Per Cent Lower Than the Enormous One of Last Year. Topeka, Kas., July 25.—Reports from all parts of Kansas as to the exact condition of the corn crop are very unsatisfactory. On county will report exceifent prospects and the next very great damage, while one on the other side will indicate half a crop. The most careful estimates show that the average of the whole state will probably be about 50 per cent of the crop of last year. This, however, does not mean ruin to the farmer by any means, for last year's crop was enormous. THE LABOR PROBLEM. New York Cloak.Makers at Work Once More. New York, July 25.—All the cloak makers who have been on a strike since June 16 resumed work this morning in all manufactories and shops. The manufacturers now say they will he able to meet all contracts. Senator Call Introduces a Resolution to the Storing of Grain. Washington, July 25.—The following resolution has been introduced by Senator Call, he being moved thereto by the reports of combinations, in the northwest. The resolution lays on the table for the present. Resolved, That the committee on interstate commerce be and they are hereby instructed to inquire an report to the senate w hether any arrangements have been made between persons owning elevators and transportation companies in any or the western states which will have the effect or which are intended to have the effect of preventing storage of grain compelling the farmers to sell their grain at such prices as may be offered; whether such arrangements have been made in the states which produce cotton, tobacco and other farm products; to re port by a bill such legislation as will require elevator companies and all persons engaged in the business of storing grain and other farm products for interstate commerce to store such products, to the The Mills Still Idle. Milwaukee, Wis., July 25.—The strike of the mill men, which was sup posed to have been settled last evening, was renewed with increased vigor this morning and the mills are still idle. The Sugar Trust Revival. New York, July 25.—The trustees of the sugar trust to-day issued a circular to certificate holders announcing the appointment of a committee to form a new organization for the purpose of prqtec-tion. No details of the plan are given in the circular. Fatal Gas Explosion. Lincoln, 111., July 25.—An explosion of coal gas occurred this morning in a room of the Lincoln Coal aud Mining company, by which Joseph Schober was fatally burned and several other men had narrow escapes. What the London Press Said of Secretary Blaine's Utterances. London, July 25.—Tho Telegraph regrets the asperity of the tone of Secretary Blaine in the Behring Sea dispatches. “England,” the paper says, “is strong enough to be calm and courteous and is sufficiently fond of pqaee to disregard Blaine's petulance. England has no immediate interest in the question beyond fair play. A dispute resting on history, treaties, recorded rights and purchased privileges, is a clear caso for reference.” The paper concludes with the suggestion that King Humbert, of Italy, or Emperor William be asked to arbitrate the matter. The Chronicle says: “Blaine proves himself an abler man in the controversy than Lord Salisbury, although having a worse case to defend. The representatives of England seem mere babies in the hands of Blaine. It is obvious that Lord Salisbury at the earliest period of the discussion became sensible of his inferiority to his opponent, lost his temper and deliberately insulted Blaine by declaring that he conducted negotiations in the interests of party and not in the interests of his country. Clever as Blaine’s object may be, however, it does not alter the fact that no claim of American or Russian parties, no admission of John Quincy Adams can convert the vast open sea Into a mere clausum.” The Times says; “The correspondence leaves the matter worse than ever.* Under sinister influences or party pressure President Harrison and Blaine have become more exacting and have advanced in irrecopcilable spirit, claims about which they once expressed a different opinion. The question is now at a deadlock.” __ KEEPING BACK THE NEWS. Closed Their Meeting. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Plymouth, 111., July 25.—The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union of Hancock county, closed their session today with an interesting program. The attendance was large and much interest manifested. A Bank Organized. Red Oak, July 25.—A new bank has been organized here, with a capital of $100,000, with United States Marshal Miller, Judge Deemer, H. C. Houghton, W. W. Marshall and J. A. Haysham as stockholder^_ Always Use Platt’s Chlorides for household disinfection; you will like it A Strange Disease. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] La Harpe, 111., July 25.—Stock.hereabouts are going blind from some unknown cause, but it is thought a deadly insect is the trouble, Pean’ soap la the most pleasant toilet adjunct The Salvador Government Establishes a Rigid Pres s Censorship. La Libertad, Sam Salvador, July 25. -The present government has established a rigid censorship of news. No information in regard to the existing crisis or the trouble between this country and Guatemala is allowed to he published unless it has previously been examined and approved by the censor. This censorship is also extended to news dispatches addressed to f oreign(countries. The Central and South: American company cannot accept for transmission to other points any news Dot accepted and approved by the government censor. Guatemala Gets the Bulge. City of Mexico, July 25.—Guatemalan dispatches state that the Pacific mail steamers will receive a subsidy from the Gautemalan government which gives the authorities of that country the right to search for contraband goods among which they count arms for nations at war with her. GENERAL FOREIGN 1YEWS. London Dock Troubles Settled. London, July 25.—The trouble at the London and St. Katharine clocks has been settled, the directors yielding to the demands of the union. Afloat in a Death Trap* London, July 24.—The crew and cattlemen from the National line steamer Egypt, which was abandoned a1 sea on fire, have arrived here. The carpenter of the steamer says he believes the eot- A Section ol the Country Devoted to Nothing Else. Tiflis is midway on the railway that cuts the Caucasus in its whole width and puts the two seas in communication—the port of Batoum on the Black sea with that of Bakou on the Caspian. As we leave the capital in the latter direction the eye is at first ravished and then desolated by the changing aspects of the land. The track follows the Hour, which rolls its broad sheet of water majestically through wild forests and rich tilled soil, while two chains of snowy ridges stretch away out of sight in the distance—the Caucasus to the left, tho mountains of Armenia to the right. Soon we leave the river, which goes to join the Araxes toward the south; the plain gets broader and barer; tall cages built of planks perched on four tree trunks rise in the midst of the rice fields like watch towers. The inhabitants of the villages, who are all Tartars in this region, take refuge at night in these aerial nests; the marshy land is so unhealthy that it is dangerous to sleep there. In spite of these precautions the peasants whom we see are devoured by fever; their emaciated visages remind us of those of the inhabitants of the Roman campagna. After leaving Hadji-Caboul, the station in Moorish style where a new line branches off—“the Teheran line,” I am told by the engineers who are building it, and who hope to carry it into the very heart of Persia—we enter an African landscape, sad aud luminous. remarkable scenery. The mountain chains become lower; they are now simply cliffs of gilded sandstone festooning against a crude blue sky. At their feet the desert, a sandy expanse, covered here and there with a rose carpet of flowering tamarisks. Herds of camels browse on these shrubs under the guard of a half naked shepherd, motionless as a bronze statue. The fantastic silhouettes of these animals are increased in size and changed in form by the effect of the mirage, which displays before our eyes in the ardent haze of the horizon lakes and forests. From time to time we meet a petroleum train, composed cf cistern trucks in the form of cylinders, surmounted by a funnel with a short, thick neck. When you see them approaching from a distance you might mistake them for a procession of mastodons, vying in shapelessness with tho trains of camels which they pass. The sun burns ifi space. Yonder a green band glitters beneath its rays; it is the Caspian. We turn around a hill and behold! on this western shore, in this primitive landscape, which seems like a corner of Arabia Petrtea, a monstrous city rises before our eyes. Is it once more the effect of mirage, this town of diabolical aspect, enveloped in a cloud of smoke traversed by running tongues of flame, as it were Sodom fortified by the (lemons in its girdle of cast iron towers? I can find but one word to depict exactly the first impression that it gives: It is a town of gasometers. There are no houses—the houses are relegated further away on the right, in the old Persian city—nothing but iron cylinders and pipes and chimneys, scattered in disorder from the hills down to the beach. This is doubtless the fearful model of what manufacturing towns will all lie iii the Twentieth century. Meanwhile, for the moment, this one is unique in the world; it is Bakou—tho “town of fire,” as the natives call it; the petroleum town. where everything is devoted and subordinated to the worship of the local god. oil in remote ages. The lied of the Caspian sea rests upon a second subterranean sea. which spreads its floods of naphtha under the whole basin. On the eastern shore tho building of the Samareand railway led to the discovery of immense beds of mineral oil. On the western shore, from tho most remote ages, the magi used to adore the fire springing from the earth at the very spot where its last worshipers prostrate themselves at the present day. But after having long adored it impious men began to make profit by it commercially. In the Thirteenth century the famous traveler, Marco Polo, mentions “on the northern side a great spring whence flows a liquid like oil.” It is no good for eating, but is useful for burning and all other purposes; and so tho neighboring nations come to get their provision of it and fill many vessels without the ever flowing spring appearing to be diminished in any manner. The real practical working of these oil springs dates back only a dozen years. At the present day it yields 2,000,000 kilogrammes of kerosene per annum, and disputes the markets of Europe against the products of Kentucky and Pennsylvania. The yield might be increased tenfold, for tho existing wells give on an average 40,000 kilogrammes a day, and in order to find new ones it suffices to bore the ground, so saturated is the whole soil with petroleum. C. Marvin, “The Petroleum Industry in South em Russia,” compares the Aspheron peninsula to a sponge plunged in mineral oil. The soil is continually vomiting forth the liquid lava that torments its entrails, either in the form of mad volcanoes or of natural springs. These springs overflow in streams so abundant that it is hopeless to store their contents for want of reservoirs; often they catch fire and bura for weeks; the air, impregnated with naphtha vapors, is then aglow all round Bakou.—Harper’s. [Correspondence of The Hawk-Eye.] Bluff Park, July 25.—In the little “spouting” match down here last night Burlington did her level best to bear off the palm, but although our sole representative made a splendid showing aud reflected much credit on her native city, the odds and the fates were against us, and we’ll have to cqnsole ourselves with the thought that if there had been one more prize offered we’d have got it; the judges themselves realizing that fact publicly regretted, after the exercises were over, that there were not more prizes to bestow. The contest began promptly at eight o’clock, as per program, and Professor Sheetz leading the contestants out into the arena, announced to the vast assembly, that owing to the large number of events, the greatest expedition would be required, and stated that on that account all musical and other exercises usually sandwiched in between slices in such performances, would be dispensed with, and giving the first victim, a bright little girl of perhaps twelve years, a shove out into the bright glare of the incandescents, retired and awaited events. She spoke her piece and did it well; and retiring amidst the appreciative plaudits of the listeners, gave way to Hie next speaker who in turn yielded her place to her successor, and so in quick succession the thirteen young ladies and two young gentlemen followed each other until the first tiling we knew they were all done, and the time had not seemed long at all. Then turning the audience over to the tender mercies of Brother Schreiner, Prof. Sheetz took the four judges in hand and led them gently into the dark, ix-hind the tabernacle; and what transpired out there deponent sayeth not. Meanwhile the audience which had behaved itself so magnificently during the exhibition, now cast off all restraint and indulged itself in some old good time singing. Quite a number of I. W. U. students were scattered through the audience and as a little leaven leaveneth the whole loaf.    so did    these    jolly spirits infuse    into the    hearts    of    all that desire to lift the voice in song, which is born and bred in all college students, and which dominates them ever when they are gathered together and freed from restraint. Some one started up that old familiar chestnut without which no gathering of college boys is a success, “There’s a Hole in tile Bottom of the Sea.”    The words    of this    song    were not familiar to all, but    by the    time    the third or fourth stanza was ground out, the entire audience was ready to join in. “I feel like I feel” then came in for rough treatment at their hands, and numerous other college songs, whose mere suggestion roused the spirits of the old timer, were handled without gloves,and “’Way Down Upon me Swanee Riber” had just been finished when the judges filed in, ready to report A solemn stillness reigned as Professor Sheetz announced their decision. The first prize, Thackeray’s complete works, was awarded to Miss Cora Patten, of Newton; second, a Handy Volume of Shakespeare, to Miss Anna Williams, Centerville; and the third a copy of Ben Hur to Miss Florence Reeves of Montrose. While no one questioned the decision it wras regretted that two or three very creditable recitations should be compelled to go without recognition. This morning the young ladies who had been left” in the scuffle of the night before, marched into the breakfast room in military step to the rhythmic cadence of left? left/ left! and seating themselves in a group at the table they all ordered Soup. The contest w as a success—everybody did well, and everybody else was pleased. While many of the unsuccess-full ones are deserving of special mention, still we are not passing as critics, and ran only state facts and not opinions. The program announced the twenty-fifth as C. L. S. C. Recognition Day, and when the train from the north landed about half the Ladies C. L. S. C., of West Hill, the Burlington folks felt as if there was really something in Chautauqua Day and before the day was half over all the rest of the people began to realize the fact. Dr. Ames, of Des Moines, delivered the lecture of the morning on the theme of Individualism. He held forth the idea that not until the individual developes and strengthens his God given talents, can society hope for perfection. After dinner the Burlington ladies visited the Riverside Institute in a body and were delighted with the view of Nauvoo and the river. The fir>i -service of the afternoon was the march of the graduates under the triumphal arches and through the golden gate. Five Chautauqua graduates constituted th*- procession, while about twenty-five under graduates in the course standing in two lines awaited them and the march song was sung by a chorus of young pimple. The recognition address w as delivered by C. C. Woods, D. I)., of Neosha. Missouri, and it would be impossible to give any idea of the eloquent lecture in less than a column or two. The burden of his address was the need of strength, physical, mental and moral. He stated that the Bible said man’s allotted time was three scores of years and ten. and he hoped that the time would soon come when people should take care of these bodies which altho’ they bear the marks of sin were created in God’s own image. That a well eultvated mind in a weak body might be able to do some good in the world but compared with what it might do lf physical strength were added would be little indeed. The Chautauqua^ can well be proud of their graduates, under graduates and their day at the Bluff. Miss Brown, of Newton. la., gives short elocutionary entertainment at 7:30 after which the cottages are to be illu minated and the people all adjourn fo the bluff for the Chatauqua camp fire abu fire works. being heard around the premises in the dead hoar of night. The wagons in different localities meet with widely different receptions. In some cases the agent is received with open arms and invited in to have something, while others are refused admission and warned not to come near the premises again. In one strongly dry neighborhood a gang of boys ^plastered the wagon and the driver with bad eggs and were warmly seconded in the affair by their families. The local dealers say that the new business does not affect their trade and that the sales from wagons are sales that would not otherwise be made. However this may be, the fact remains that the “O. P.” wagons are doing a big business and the originators of the scheme are well satisfied with its workings. WORLD’S FAIR LEGISLATES. The Extra Legislature at Spring*] field, 111., Gets Down to Work. HER MOTHER WHIPPED HER. Ron- Little LUlle Simmons’ Reason for ning Away from Borne. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Marshalltown, July 25.—Miss Lillie Simmons, the little girl who ran away from home last Thursday night and who it was feared had been drowned, owing to certain threats made, was found yesterday about eleven o’clock at the farm of Henry Moler, three miles south of the city. The little child asserts her mother gave her a severe whipping on Tuesday, and on Thursday, after slapping her. promised still greater punishment. This was more than she could bear and so she ran away—hiding in the water closet of the school house all night and the next day left for the country where kind hearts have cared for her. The little girl is a bright little thing who seems to be willing to do what is right and with fair treament would not leave home. EFFECTS OF ‘‘ORIGINAL PACKAGES.” Mile* Loughlin, a Saloon Keeper, Attempt* Murder, at Lyon*. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Lyons, July 25.—One of the effects of the present lawless sale of intoxicating beverages, caused by the '-original package decision,” was an attempted murder. Several evenings ago. Miles Laughlin, a saloon keeper, came out of his place and commenced using abusive language to John Connors, who was passing. Connors paid no attention, but Loughlin following, pressed him pretty closely, and they soon came to blows. Several persons approached for the purpose of separating them, upon perceiving which, Loughlin opened tire. One bullet passed through the hat. of Dean one of the would-be peace makers, and several of the bystanders had very narrow escapes.    Loughlin is a bad character and has the reputation of once “killing his men.” A HIGH FLYER’S COME-DOWN. A Gay Theatrical Manager at Mar*iiall-town Leaves Town and Debt*. (■Special to The Hawk-Eye.J Marshalltown, la., July 25.—W. II. Thomas who came here from Kansas City late last spring to take charge of the Odeon opera house, has left the city for an indefinite period. Thomas flew high for a period, c: ting a wide swath in various directions, eeuring the management of Bl. k's ha’ . but failed at, length to put up he r aired bond for tie rental of the Oueon opera house. For several months his only employment ha-been th** absorbing of “original package” beer and running in debt. His wife was compelled to turn over a trunk full of fine wearing apparel for a $65 board bill and both are now presumably in Chicago. GET GOOD MILK NOW. A Storm Raised in tho House by the Intro-1 Unction of » Resolution Favoring n Mingle Mite for the Fair— The Senate. Springfield, 111., July 25.—The ape-1 elal order this morning was the consideration of tie-resolution of respect to the! memory of ex-Senator L. D. Whitney. After an address by Ogeivee a resolution was adopted by a rising vote. The resolution was introduced by Paddock, oil Kankakee as follows: Resolved, That it is the sense of this house that the world’s fair should be held upon one site. There was at once a storm of opposition to the resolution, it being declared out of order. S[weaker Cochran held that it was ger-main, a* it referred to the subjects within call. An ineffectual attempt was made to ta We the resolution and it was finally ordered referred to a joint committee. A motion was then made to reconsider, and after a long debate it was carried thus bringing the resolution before the house again. The resolution was then made the special order of Tuesday next. A resolution was reported favorably from the joint committee and unanimously adopted, falling upon the world’s fair directory to report to the legislature exactly what portion of the fair will be placed upon the respective parts of the double site. An appropriation bill for the expenses of the special session was finally reported and ordered to a third reading.    % The following resolution was then adopted: R(S tired, That the committee of the world’s fair to which were referred the proposed constitutional amendment and the bills relative to the world’s Columbian exposition are hereby instructed to meet for til*- purpose of considering said matter at 2 p. rn. this day and if not sooner disposed of at the -arn*- hour of Saturday and Monday next, and to make a report to this house not later than Tuesday next. The house then adjourned until five o’clock Monday. At a meeting of the senate judiciary committee, after a long discussion, the resolution for a constitutional amendment was amended so as to provide that money to be raised shall be paid over to the treasury of the world’s Columbian exposition. It was also provided that an amendment shall not be in force unless endorsed at the November election by a majority of the voters of Chicago. A favorable report was ordered on the joint resolutions as amended. Salutary Effect of the State Dairy Commissioners’ Milk Test* in Des Moines. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Des Moines, July 25.—AV 111 Stockwell, the genial clerk of the dairy commissioner. has been coming down upon the milkmen of Des Moines and vicinity without notice, and after obtaining a supply going to the labratory and testing the same. Much of the milk at first tested was of poor quality, but after the milkmen found out the tests were made public and those who used the pump handle too frequently were losing trade, a change was perceptible and the quality of milk sold on the streets of Des Moines to-day is of a good quality and free from adulterations. It would pay other cities to get authority to do likewise. The ♦nate. Springfield. IU., July 25.—in the senate a bill providing for the payment of members, officers and employes of the extra se.--ion was reported favorably by the committee on appropriations and passed to the third reading. Without lr- isacting further business a recess was taken until three o’clock this afternoon. WILL NOT INTERFERE. Board of Agricultural it* Opposition to th* FELL AMONG THIEVES. G, II. Farson*, of Loville, Iowa, Roughly Handled at De* Moines. Des Moines, July 25.—The mystery connected with the arrest and imprisonment of the supposed insane man, G. Ii. Parsons, of Loville, Iowa. has been cleared up by the arrival of a brother from Knoxville just in time to keep Mr. Parsons from being sent to the asylum at Clarinda. Mr. Parsons has not been enjoying good health for several years and last Friday he went to Colfax for a short rest. He was very ill for a few days, but by Tuesday had recovered sufficiently to board a train and come to Des Moines. On the train he became acquainted with several men, who got off the train with him. What occurred after that is only a confused remembrance to Mr. Parsons. He recollects having a desperate struggle in the night, losing his saehel and finally Being arrested. Several hundred dollars had been taken from him. His body is covered with cuts and bruises. The illinois Withdraws Lake Front. Springfield. 111., July 25.—The state board of agriculture has finally concluded it will not attempt to interfere through the members of the general assembly, with the world's fair site question. After repeated conferences with representatives of the Chicago directory, they have concluded that tne Chicago directors are bonnd to accept the Lake Front portion of the ite and that any war of the agricultural members against the arrangement wantonly serve to seriously embarrass the dietory and endanger the success of the fair. The state board of agriculture is also relying upon the assurances of Vicepresident Bryan that only a small portion of the fair will be held upon the Lake Front and that in Jackson Park, where the agricultural and live stock exhibits are to be placed, there will also b3 ituated many other of the most attractive fcaairei of the world’s fair. So they have decided to limit their action to introducing in the general assembly the resolution which was offered by Mr. Paddock to-day, declaring their belief that a single site should be selected, but in no wise attempting to dictate in the matter. Robbed the Postoffice, Union, July 25.—Burglars entered th* postoffice at this place by forcing open one of the back windows. The combination lock was taken off the safe, which, by the way, was not locked, the boxes and drawers torn out of the inside, and things strewn around on the door, but nothing was taken except a postal note book, which was found under a corn crib near the depot, which was torn down this morning. There was about $1.50 in the money drawer, and about $300 worth of stamps, but they were not molested, except to be scattered around the room It is supposed that the parties were alarmed and fled, as a screw-driver. chisel and brace and bit were found where they had used them. A Denpcrate Battle. El Paso. Tex., July 25.—Salvador troops invaded Guatemala and planted their Ha:: upon Guatemalan soil. Guate: mala was insulted and has declared war. The Guatemalan troops fought with great courege at Cootepeque and Chingo. The loss was great,on both sides. Yesterday the troops of Salvador were driven out of Guatemala. Will Meet the Wool Rate Gut. Ciik ago, July 25.—The    general freight agents of the east bonnd lines to-day decided to meet the cut in wool rates made from St. Louis at once, but to have Chairman Blanchard confer with the St. Louis lines with a view to having the cut rate withdrawn. A Damage Suit, [Special to The Haws-Eye.l Nauvoo, 111., July 25.—Scnenk Eros’, of this place, have been made defendants in a $20,000 damage suit, brought by Mrs. Elisher Moore, widow of “Toots” Moore, who was recently drowned while intoxicated. It is claimed that “Toots” was employed by Schenk Bros., to carry liquor across the river. personals. Mrs. Working and daughter with Miss Nannie Ingersoll, are here for the day. Mrs. Thomas Coulter, Wundt, Buttles, Penrose, A. H. Stutsman, and Misses Green, Parsons and Wundt, of Burlington, attended Chautauqua recognition day exercises to-day. Mrs. Dana and daughter are spending a few days enjoying the cool weather and delightful views. Dr. Gilman and wife, of Mt. Pleasant, are among the latest arrivals at the Bluff. ORIGINAL PACKAGE WAGONS. They Felt original ms just put on the road 6y A Terrific Thunder Storm. Carson City, Nev., July 25.—A terrific thunder storm is reported from Jackson Valley. Rocks were upheaved, sand thrown a hundred feet in the air, trees torn up and the ground rent ten feet deep. __ Rough on Toothache. 15c. At Druggists, Rough on Corns. Hard or soft corns. 15c. Apparently Fill a Long Want at Ft. Dodge, Iowa. Ft. Dodge, July 25.—The package wa local agents of the Milwaukee brewery are apparently filling a long felt want in this vicinity. The wagons were originally designed for country trade, but have also found a good business in the towns. Each wagon carries a complete stock in trade consisting of all qualities of beer in kegs and bottles and also a quantity of pint bottles filled with whisky. The “pony” keg of beer is the most popular package. It holds four gallons and retails for $1.25. The wagons cover regular territories and have already worked up a regular trade in some localities. All the empty packages are collected by the drivers. In some cases night routes are made, and many are the rumors circuiat ing among the neighbors of some good prohibitionist^ about Aho sound of wheels The Railroad Censured. Ft. Dodge, la., July 25.—An employe I or the Burlington, Cedar Rapids and * Northern railway, Joseph Immerf**1!- wa$ letting a section of a gravel t*ain down into the company’s gravel pi'- near Nora Springs yesterday morning- The grade was very steep and he lostscontrol of the cars, and when the cars struck the bottom they piled up and caught him between two cars, killing hint almost instantly. He leaves a wife, who (has been insane for some time, and a lilt*® boy. The verdict of the coroner’s jury investigating the death censures the company for its neglect in not providing suitable cars for the work. A Workman’s Merlon* Fall. Df.s Moines, July 25.—While working on the second st >ry of the new school house on the West Jde. W. A. Dreman, a mason, was precipitated to the ground by a scaffold bro.* >ing, and was seriously injured. He fed a distance of twenty-eight feet and landed on a briek pile. A Liquor Decision. Pierre, S. I)., July 25.—Attorney General Dollard has rendered an opinion that the maintenance of a place where liquor is drank is a violation of the law and the seller must prove that he is not violating the law. The Cut Worms at Work. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Fort Dodge, la., July 25.—Cutworms have appeared in the south part of Webster county. They have cut off the roots of the corn causing it to fall, doing much damage to the crop. The peculiar enervating’ effect of summer weather is driven off by Hood’s Sarsaparilla, which “makes the weak strong.” Counterfeiters at Work. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.} Carthage, 111., July 25.—A number of bogus gold and silver coins have been circulated in this vicinity of late, and it is thought that the McDonough county counterfeiters have not all been captured. People are now on the lookout for bad money._ Poisoned by Flour. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Carthage. IU., July 25.—Tho family Esq., Gin). " Jones, and several visitors »**.«■. poi- ted by eating bread made from floui »h . i contained poisonous substances. The fainer were quite ill for a few hours but at ' now out of danger. Syrup Ok Figs,    /. Produced from the laxative and uuwi-tious juice of California figs, combined with the medicinal virtues of plant* known to be the most beneficial to the human system, acts gently, on the kidneys, liver and bowels, effectually cleansing the system, dispelling colds and headaches, and curing habitual constipation. _•    _ Shot a, a Farmer*’ Alliance Picnic. Savannah, Ga., July 25.—John G. Harris, United States deputy marshal, and John Coary were fatally shot at a Farmer s Alliance picnic at Oliver, Georgia to-day. The shooting was the I result of a quarrel over family affairs. To Nervous, Debilitated Men. lf you will send in your address, we will mail you our illustrated pamphlet, explaining ail about Dr. Dye’s Celebrated Electro-Voltaic Belt and Appliances, and their charming effects upon the nervous debilitated system, ani how they will quickly restore you to vigor em* manhood. Pamphlet free. If you are thus afflicted, we will send you a Belt and Ap pliances on a trial. Voltaic Belt Co., Marshall, Mick They Want the Rond. [Special to The Hawk-Eye.] Nauvoo, III., July 25.—Fully $23,000 worth of stock has been taken by Nauvoo business men in the proposed new road between Quincy and Nauvoo. Hoffman's Harmless Headache cure all headache; twenty-five cents per tex t Hfliry's. ;

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