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   Burlington Hawk-Eye (Newspaper) - July 13, 1890, Burlington, Iowa                                TliisPartContainsPagfel ESTABLISHED SUNDAY JULY PRICE r 15 CEHTS PER IN THE CHURCH Religious News Gathered From All Gladstone on the Commission or the Undeniable Advance and Power of Chris tendom When the charged with thi commission of our went forth intc aU theworld and preached the gospel to every creature then an enginery setat work capable of coping with the whole range of the mischiefs brought intothe world by and of completely redeeming the human being from its ef fects and consecrating our nature to duty and to It is impossible here to do so much even to skirt this vast But at once these three things may bo said as to the development through the gospel of the Abrahainic that in the vast aggre gate of genuine believers the recoverv of the divine image has been effectual and the main spring of their being las been set right before their quitting the world hythe dedication of the will to that the social results of the change have been beneficial and immense in the restriction of in the aboli tion of norrible practices publicly sanc in the recognition of in the elevation of woman whose case most and best of all represents the case of right as against in the mitigation of in the refinement of manners and in tho public acknowledgment of higher standards of j that Christendom is at this moment undeniably the prime and cen tral power of the world and still written upon its the mission to subdue it In point of force and onward impulsion it stands without a while every other widely spread religion is in Critical indeed are the movements which affect it from Vast are the deductions which on every side are to be made from the fullness of the divine promises when we try to meas ure their results in the world of Indefinitely slow and hard to trace in de tail as may like a glacier in the inarch of the the Christianity of today in relation to the world an amount of ascendancy such as it has never before possessed andifit retain its inward consistency the only question seems to be as to the the circumstances and the rate of its perhaps of its Gladstone in MrStanleys The tendency to hold tho Bible in light esteem which is so prevalent in the pres entday is apt to discourage young peo plofrom studying So many who do study it do so in a under the guidance of teacij s whoso chief aim appears to be to diminish its that it is well to have it made known how it is regarded by men who are held in high respect fortheir achievements in the cause of science and An incident in point was related a few days ago respect ing whose recent in tho rescue of Emin Pasha places him in the forefront of the dis tinguished men of our A personal friend of the explorer says I was sit ting a few days ago next to tho great African and in con versation he said to Just before I started for Africa Sir William Mackin non said to Now I want to give you but I should like you to choose for I shall have the ut most pleasure in presenting you with anything you Never mind the ex Just say what you would I said the Give me a The desired gift was soon in my just the Bible I And during my absence in Africa I have read that Bible through three Christian Herald and Signs of Our Is It to Be Religious It is not to pray all the although sincere prayer is one sign of It is not to observe 999 although the custom and ceremony have their place in It is not to con dense all thought of the Deity into one day and hour of the although the historic day of rest has profound signifi cance for It is not to attend service at a fashionable dressed in our and listen tu sermon and although public worship is one evidence of fealty to our We may kiss the scroll of tho wear phylacteries as large cobblestones and be regular at and et the tho may be the reverse of relig To be religious is to not to ap pear to not to feel to translate into life prayer and symbol that our suscep tibilities and powers awaken to fresher and richer With humility in our with kindliness in our with consciousness of our de pendence on a common Father near to wliatever their race or and with a resolve to make our service to hu manity the truest service to God Got we shall be approaching the religious lie Be content with such things as ye Some people have better others have cannot have tho and have no desire for the worse then be content with what you You may have had better things in the past you may have worse things in the future be thankful for the present and be If your lot is a hard ono you may improve but not by fretting or Just here today learn the lesson of con and wait on God for brighter for richer for purer Ifo blessing comes to the discontented heart AVhen once this evil demon of discontent has entered into the soul nothing is right Even tho angels food was not good enough for the murmuring and the corn of heaven could not sat whose souls were filled with thexiiscontent of But when once the heart has found its rest in and Jfflits mnnnurings are bushed in sweet submission to Itig there is peace in believing and joy in the Holy and a hallowed confidence in the kind provi dence of him who hath done all things Christian Endeavor The statistics of the Christian Endeav or as presented at the interna tional convention at show dearly the great advance that this so ciety las Tjeeii These societies every English speaking land in the total number being with a membership of gain of societies and ineni bersin eleven New York leads the list with Pennsyl vania follows with then come Massa Chusettsivith Illinois with Ohio Iowa with Connecticut New Jerseywith414 andMich Uninteresting develop an Endeavor societiesrecently formed on some of the revenue andother Dexter excellent reports of already in ils possesnon a copyiof rthe originakedition taxiermons on the said to the temperance movement in this Theirpubli cafaon immediately caused the formation of the American Society for the Promo tion of many other JSndred In these sermons may be found the famous misapplied quota tion from the Touch taste handle not usually does not seem to have any attention to the context of this York HYMN fTdt First Stanza of Safely Through Another Seven pone by Perils strenn from to sky Clouds withnwrhose chambers deep Fire and flood together sleep Air in Might a panther Le Earthquakes in the realms Sickness with stealthy Brings the grave its haplessdead So the words we speak Safely through another Who could sail without the waves Who could breathe without the air Men were only walking But that God is Stars that travel fastand slow Through tho countries of the On His errands come and With T7is viewless wings they Each true spiritchines a star Fed by ono eternal ray So the words wo sing afar God has brought us on our Lo the diamond metal sun But by toQ and pain twas learning comes the world to blessl It was purchased with See a fame in glory rise It was bought with Feel a love that passeth tliougtit But it never come With exertion and Souls must clamber and acquire So we iu accents Let us all a blessing Did you view the morning rise To tho eye a wondrous feast Precious stones bestrewed the skies Heavens own gate hung iu the Can you see tho luountaius grand Do you hear the robin sing O my soul you stand In a palace of the King Splendor lurks in every spot Of this Sabbadi morns display Fellow are we not Waiting in his courts today You whose life webs weigh like Weave today a golden thread Tou who bend ueath labors Bow this day to none but God Vou whom studys bounds Road today your childs sweet soul You whose lieart is doomed to bear shame and needless Como today and lay them prono On the white steps of the Properly is this Day of all the week tho Do not lie in slumbers You who would with heaven rise Do not let mid rubbish fall This gold ladder to the You must join tlie childlike Yearning for a fathers love You must help to make the song That is waited for that others you may By the powers of goodness blessed Then your Sunday lit a will Emblem of eternal Carleton in Christian Americas Oldest The oldest living preacher in the United States is the John At who lives near Benton He was born in in and was licensed to preach in In reviewing his life tho other day the old gentleman said I knew Jesse the first missionary appointed for the Kew England and heard him preach I knew Joseph one of the first two missionaries sent by Wesley from the conference in 1717 to the province of of North and I attended his funeral in I was convert ed under the ministry of Joseph and joined the church under John Walk of Trenton I want to tell you a story about Joseph One day ho rebuked two young daugh ters of a prominent who made a point of disturbing tho services by en tering the church Ho said Here you come prancing in with tho devils toy shop on your heads and hells bells in your ears X ew York A The Moravians number and yet we are told that they have sent out dur ing the century missionaries and They have nine mission Recently they have projected a mission on tho Victoria but have been unable to establish it by the lack of Just before the opening of tfieir general synod this year news was brought that a legacy of between and had fallen to the and it is probable that tho work will speedily be carried forward asthe mprt are Christian at RELIGIOUS The English Wesleyau church reports members and Among the Scandinavian countries Norway is most generous in the support of It is announced that a Buddhist Ecu menical council is to be held in It is said there aro followers of Buddha in that Three tents are to be used for religions services in Chicago during this They are to be set up in tho North and South Tho evangelists in charge will bo Ferdinand Schiverca and Henry The Universities mission to Central Africa employs seventy Europeans at four principal centers in Africa and on Lake where a church steamer is Bishop Smitiieis is the leader of this which extends over square In New Zealand there is a Young Womatfs Christian Temperance union of 200 which engages in a great variety of charitable It seems but a few years since New Zealand was wholly a not to say canni Nations are bom in a Last year Ireland contributed to Peters while and the United States cpmbined gave There would seem tobe as great a disproportion of zeal as of wealth and The statistical statement of the Wes leyan Methodist church ofGreattBritain says that it has cating a net increase r for the yeanqf While memberswere received during the to be ThisSiuniber does not include the amounted to nor the which are set down at be interestingto ceased to merribersTiVono WOMAN AND HER The Wimodaughsis Association to Have a Home of Its Objects of tho Literary Summer turnes Work thatPro duces Wimodaughsls has been The great union of all womankind is accom Tho Sisters of the Red Cross and the Womans Relief the Wo mans Christian Temperance the American Suffrage the Wo mans National Press association and all the various social and benevo lent associations organized by women ore to have a grand rallying place of their own in tho city of Wimodaughsis is presided over by the mystic number of seven Miss whose executive ability is recognized by all her Kentucky called the first meeting of tho incor in accordance with a sug gestion from Miss Hfias Ade laide Miss Gillett well known in Washington as the sevend woman admitted to practice before the supreme court of tlie United States Miss Ward and Miss the Anna Shaw and Lucy women of repu which is a guarantee they will not work in a narrow but will plan a home for all east and where they can meet for mutual development in loyal good Tho particular object of the Wimo daughsis is the education of women in political literature and physical As a means toward accomplishing this object there is to be procured a building devoted to the use nf the various organizations of women that may from time to time with an auditorium large enough to ac commodate the largest convention that may be called of any ono society or con federation of There is to be also in this building a reading and reception where self support ing women living in lodgings may meet and entertain their friends an art gallery and rooms for a thoroughly equipped a bowling alleys and other means of in struction and Wimodaughsis is the capital stock is fixed at the price of shares is the books are the treasurer has been appointed and given and already women from New Ken Louisiana and the District of Columbia have taken stock and are most enthusiastically co operating in the Finally Wimodaughsis sounds tho trumpet and gives the call to all women to rise up in their might and accept the realize tho possibilities and enjoy tho blessings of the new dispensa tion in this glorious dawn of the wo mans York Unmarried Literary Constance Fenunore author of Lake Country Sketches and other graphic stories Sarah Orne who wrote A Country Doctor and Deep haven as well as other books which have proved so delightful to read ers everywhere Edith the exquisite lyrist Grace author of the attractive soiithern Monsieur md Octavo a name which veils the personality of a western writer of striking are all still Charles Egbert who through her brilliant characterizations and rich descriptive powers has won a lasting now resides with her mother and sister at the old homestead in occupied with literary and deaf to all overtures on the part of her many ad mirers looking to Gail Hamilton is too much wrapped up in her self independence ever to givo the subject of matrimony a moments thought if taken into personal considera while Kate as tho great pub lic is too much in love with journalism to believe she would be hap pier as the wife of any living The Gary Phoabs and never but dwelt together all their each bound up in the loveof the There was a bond of close friendship existing between them and the poet and one of his choicest The refers whollyto those two gifted Jean now considerably moro has never been Sho has always been devoted in a markedde gree to her and while tho latter lived tho two dwelt MissJnge low is much given to works of and among other beneficent actsis in the habit of giving regularly at her lovely Kensington home to the old and what aro copyright from the proceeds of her own The charming Jano Mary Russell Charlotte as also other women of equal celebrity in English remained true to York Many TVomcn Women printers a few years ago were a standing menace to the in the view of the men and the ques tion of thenadmittance to typographi cal unions threatened to become a burn ing issue in the labor In thiscity it was settled f or the timo being by the admission of the women to Union with the condition that they be not al lowed to work for less wages than This handicapped the women for the trade is not one in which a wo man can hold her own with a man on equal but even at this it was not satisfactory to a large element among the who objected to having women in the trade at and the trouble con tinually threatened to break out in new the matter has been summarily settled out of as it Women dont want to bo print ers any The introduction of tho typewriter and the opening up of other lines of employment moro Agreeable and suitable for a woman seem to havo re lieved the female labor market of tho greater part of the women who used to want to be It is said by officers of Typographical Union 6 that there are not over 800 women printers in New One hundred ofthese are in the They work chiefly in large book printing of wherethe hours are easy and there is no A few aro in the morning newspaper offices working as distrib utors in the Women have worked as compositors onsome of the but the cases were ex such as where a mitTi died and his widow was allowed to take his case until she could get something better to It is thought that the number of women printers is decreasing hi spite of the rapid growth of the Men Bay it is a good not onlyif or bat although generally classed as a light and easy is really too too unhealthy and in other ways un suitcd for York Work Tliat Creates The or Heart and Hand is a band of girls which was formed in the Girls Night school about two years It had two strong objects to keep it The first was for study and self improve ment after they left night and the second was to do helpful work among the poor and sick of the Theyara all busy working in shops and and some of them have tiresome hours of toil yet they make time to care for tho needs of friendless folk and are glad to carry a little sun shine into hopeless Tho second Sunday in each month they go to the hospitalon Blackwells Miss Mary a teacher in tho Fifth street school and principal of the Girls Night is their adviser and Her ready tact and direc tion keep keenly alivo their interest in this and her encouragement gives unflagging zeal to their John a busy a school trustee of ward and an cal gives the club a certain sum of money to be expended for the benefit of the sick at the tho boys from the Knights of Temperance and of late young men from the Society of An drew accompany the band over to the The boys carry the blue bags stuffed with good food for the sufferers and lend a hand when and their voices play no unimportant part in the York Gladstones At the annual federation of tho Lib eral Womens World a short time ago as president of the asso gave a largo to which nocked women of every ago and The house in James square was ablaze with light and every room thrown open to the Gladstones room was the most the attrac tion doubtless being the large collection of photographs which cover the among them being prints of the minister during boyhood and early On the bed was draped tho famous coverlet of white silk and gold threads presented by the cotton weavers of Lon Other gifts and testimonials lay about in every indicative of tho esteem in which Glad stone are held by a largo part of the com At tho reception given in Lord Brassnps home to the federation a la dies orchestra furnished the music and Countess Tolstoi received the The countess is tall in very her manner is said to ba en she speaks in a tralto voice and her English is The chief object of the federationis not so much for electionarypurposes as to watch over tho interests of women and and to educate the former to understand their responsibilities as Two Inexpensive Summer Here are two pretty and inexpensive costumes with worn all and will always look charming and refined A cream white with every third kilt trimmed with cream colored gros grain ribbon with a satin orwith moire ribbon pnt on in straight rows a bodice opening over a blouse vest which has a thelapels of the jacket faced with thesame ora round waist fitting with loops and ends ofthe ribbon falling at the A cream white Leghorn hat faced with moss with a large clnsterof white ostrich tips on the outside run through with a handsome gold The second dress is an accordion plait ed skirt of pale mauve border ed with five horizontal rows of mauve a white surah blouse and the open mauve jacket with white vcrs white straw hat trimmed with white lace and lilac Another equally pretty and inexpensive costume might be a silver gray Henrietta accordion silver ribbon trim mings run through silver gray silk parasol lined with pink anil n hat of Neapolitan braid trimmed with velvet maidenhair fern eprays and a cluster of pale pink crushed York IIoullio Girls Swim at Splash And ripples upon the surf ace of the water marked the point of disap pearance in the swimming tank of a fair It was at and a dozen or more youngwomen were swimming inthe It was the last swim of the year for them in the and they mado the eelvea to be no less afrhomo in the water tim they are unif onnlyf ound to bo in the drawing room andvrpon tho They swam with tho freedom of South Boston yet with a grace all their They dived and swam above water and under swam with strong and or moro side They one couple especially gliding through the water on their of thenarms tho othertwo with an ease and grace of motion that was well worth In they were especially and twoof the girls appeared tobe as much homo under They arotaught tho stroke being suspended in harness that they cannot and at is nofcuntil they master theproperrhythmio movement of arms and logs that they are allowed to go independent of sup The girls take to the sport with a keen and Miss that she has had about fiftypupilSduringsthe Each Friday evoning7such of the girls as can swim are allowed tho free dom of tho Boston The Kind of Talk Man This is a angular Men are sick and tired of argument and Theywant Good sense is tedious after the market and the woman who talks profit and supply and premium and discount in evening inthe moon lighter at a dinner Jn petticoats to be eluded atrthefirstrturn in the Change is andwhile wo hate There is where the coquetry of woman I remember riding an elevated train behind a grizzly Tnnn of fifty and a chatty girl enveloped in flut tering dreamy lace and the scent of wild who was pouring society chat into her companions When a lull came in her recital do you think he sighed restfully Not a bit of it His only remark Tell me some York Vitus nervous ness and hysteria are sooncurcd by samples at Wittos drug AERIAL Taking Pictures by Means of Bal loons and Instantaneons Views Secured by Caraerag in tho Work is Ac first Sucr ccssful Aeronauts and others have for some time past endeavored to produce photo graphs from a and have met with very considerable It would be difficult to say who was the to make photographs from a but there is no doubt that of has done more in tins direction than any one Some very satisfactory remits were obtained by him by means of a camera attached to the side of the idea of sending a camera alone cp into the air was one that occu pied the attention of for the reason that it obviated tho necessity of sending up aeronauts in conse amuch smaller balloon would be In the year 1881 my the late inventedand patented a balloon camera of this The principal part of the apparatus is a holding four sensitive dry plates this drum is wound and by means ol a small electro magnet a catch was re and the plates could be brought into position The lens was covered with an instantaneous opening and closing the lens in the i250th part of a This also was controlled by a small electro The wires connected with these two and one for the return were inclosed in the rope that held the so that the operator on terra by simply sending a current through these could work the movements of tho camera as easily as if it were in his own HOW THE PICTURE B The operation was this He touched one button and sent a current to one electro which brought a plate into By means of a telescope the behavior of the balloon could be Directly it was in a steady position a current was by pressing another but through tho second electro magnet this released the shutter and the exposure was When tho four plates had been exposed the camera was drawn to tho the plates developed into and by means of a magic lan tern their image was thrown on to a screen or largo piece of With a piece of chalk the outlines were sketched out and the position of the enemys for their strength and could at once be seen by all the From a recent number of La Nature is reproduced an account of a photographic kite recently invented by of To the kite is attached a photographic camera by means of a triangular support fixed to tho back The camera is provided with an instantaneous shutter actuated by means of a slow Before flying the kite this match is and when combus tion has proceeded so far as to set fire to a small thread it releases the spring of the shutter and the exposure is AN Another very novel featuro of this in genious apparatus is the use of a regis tering aneroid barometer attached to the kite so that the operator can find out the altitude which the kite has ascended above the This barometer is combined with a photographic register ing apparatus which operates at the same time as the It is inclosed in a tight and the instant that the shutter of the photographic camera is released and the exposure made an aperture closed by the shutter is uncovered through the burning of the At the moment the aperture is uncov ered the luminous rays strike the dial and print the shadows of tho two needles mechanism and index needles upon a piece of sensitized paper with which the dial is To the thread at tached to the and which gives the exposure when is fixed a piece of paper which at the same time detaches itself and falls to the indicating to tho operator that the ex posure has been The kite is then hauled in and the plate Another curious form of aerial photo graphic apparatus is being developed by a French It con sists of a photographic camera attached to a An like parachute is also fixed to tho rocket When fired into the air this is but as soon as the rocket begins to descend it opens and the whole returns grace fully to the In this the camera is cylindrical in form and has round its circumference twelve sensitive plate is in the The lenses are provided with a shntterwhich opensand closes instantly on the camera commenc ing to It is then drawn back to the operator by a cord attached be fore the firing of the The prin cipal advantages of this form of appa ratus are cheapness of operating and freedom from Wood bury in THE TRAMPS A Ilaven of Itcst Provided for tho Road Agents by A Jersey In Cainden not far from De at lives a plain old Sennan blessed with a big farm and abundance of this worlds His hospitality to the houseless and homeless wanderers tho world calls tramps is known from Maine to New Orleans and from ocean to On tho Beckcubach place is a big In this in winter and in summer and on any day in the whether it be New Year or the Fourth of can be found women with chil dren in their a shiftless fisherman with a ragged suit on him and a shil his or some sturdy and homeless German with a trunk on his trudging over from the railway station to the Becken bach which by some fine free masonry among the tramps of America is known as a Saints Rest for the homeless wanderer a thousand miles away seeking rest or it may a days work with Pilgrim schoon and scallop If the stranger sits on theporch of any one of the farm houses on the main leading to Morrisville he will be greeted at any hour of the day with the Inquiry Is this the way to Beckenbachs And you can tell with your eyes shut that the be he a man or a wo is seeking a temporary refuge un der the eaves of Eeckenbachs barnv Now it will be a frowsy looking wom with draggled half a bonnet and an old in one corner of which is wrapped a baby not old enough walk or If it is a may sit down on the after getting her bearingsand the with her back up against a and she may pause long enough to take a with her head hanging over one shoul her unconscious of its shabby crawls through the high grass and plucks with the daffydowndinies which iot the greensward like day Next it may be a great hulking Ger with a military as if ho had fought with Ton or in better days taken a schooner with This man wears high topped with a great box like a sailors which is strapped on his and theTen tonio traveler with a big pipe in his mouth pauses long enough to Tere vos dot Beckenbachs There will be a score or more along looking like FalstafFs ragged all kings and tatters and And it is a substantive fact that a tramp hi Texas made an engagement in mid winter with a fellow nomad at El saying I meets you again when dose peas all must be pickt down by dot Beckenbach barn in And when the voice of the turtle dove was heard in the land the two tramps met at Beckenbachs barn after honest days toil in the generous Germans pea at Most these picturesque tramps al lege that they are seeking Some of them and none of them goes away empty handed from the honest Germans plantation who is willing to do a farr days work for good They begin by picking Becken bachs barn is a sort of agricultoral ex where the Delair farmers come to get field male and for the busy After the pea season is over they struggle through tho straw berry flurry only to tackle the tomato which yield tho nomad workers a financial harvest of no mean Then come the red the culti vated cherries and currants down to peach cante loupes and and when Jack Frost comes the colony of tramps thin out and seek a softer climate and milder There is a boss even among Spanish Dick is boss of the Beckenbach Dunbar Hylton says that Spanish Dick is descended from a Spanish hidalgo with a bar He speaks six and was once an impres sario in Jenny Linds time at Castle Gar but has now descended to bo a boss among the pea pickers on the old Ger mans There are traces of dignity and erudition in the way Hidalgo Dick issues his orders in a strawberry Philadelphia A Long Steamship races across the Atlantic are common per than they should a race merely from New York to Liverpool is a small affair compared with one which took place recently between the French steamship Salazie and the English steam ship which had a little trial of speed between Melbourne and by way of the Suez total dis tance of some The Salazie did not start from Mel bourne until three hours after tho Ori zaba had She arrived at Ade South at about the same After at Western together the two though both made the very best possible time across the Indian saw nothing more of each other until they had entered the Eed Here the French steamer was found to become distance in advance of the En although they were in plain view of each The Englishman gave and succeeded in overhauling but not in passing the and the latter preceded the Orizaba through the The Orizaba and the Salazie kept quite near together throughout the journey through the The race was not really a long covering the distance of more than ten miles between Melbourne and but rather a brush for precedence the Suez Tho great oceangoing steamers often journey very near to gether on long Com Ill One by one the mysteries of the animal world are yielding before the investiga tions of Some very curious information is given in a recent issue of a French scientific periodical regarding microbes that have the faculty of being self One moonlight night a spot of greenish light was noticed on the On closer exiimination the light proved to come from within a crustacean of the genus talitrus or sand The entire including the was phos Only the eyes were dark spots in the luminous He was proceeding more slowly than is natural to that species over the Other similarly illuminated talitres were sought but his seemed to be a uniquo The next day ono of his claws was examined under a micro IS full of a singular kind of luminous These luminous microbes appear on the surface of the in the sand of the sometimes on meat and in saltwater Just what their phosphorescence is due to is not clearly Other talitres were inoculated the In less than three days they shone with a white They re mained in this state from three to six apparently not greatly inconvqa ienced by the presence of the Then came a motionless which lasted three or four when they and a few hours later the fatal illu mination GOOD ROADS The Way in the While in Canada recently I wentiinto a candy store to make a as I had always done at sampled some of the varieties piled on And what do you think I found Cayenne pepper At first I supposed it was some candy made for April fooEs but when I sampled two other jpiles which looked and I should I found that cayenne pepperwas in each In order to stop cnstoinersieat ing candy they dont pay said my I tell you I was mad and when I thought of the way in this whereone is to sample everything unknown before I told the clerk I didnt want the cara York A Pennsylvania Man Talks Plainly on an Important Unlit Street Varieties of Stone that Produce tlicvllesl KesnitA Ideal Cheapening Ocean It has been as an illustra tion of the great cheapening of ocean freights which has taken place inrecentf that half a sheet of note paper wfll develop sufficient when bnmedi in connection with the triple expansion to carry a ton a milo in an At lantic ISncklins Arnica The best salve in the world for cuts salt fever chapped corns and all skin and posi tively cures or nopay It is guaranteed to give perfect or 2a per drug Pills cure Henry of made some very pointed remarks about road supervisors and their work in the address on the advantages of good country roads which he delivered re cently before the Pennsylvania state board of It is said to see what unfitness there is among men serving in the capacity of street commis sioners they appear to have no correct idea of the quality of tho material re for road no judgment or knowledge as to its proper preparation and little or no conception as to its cor rect application upon It would seem from the manner in which many of them dotheir work that they really believe that two or more large un cracked stones can occupy the same place at the same time and remain They do not appear to know that open spaces are created between the larger stones composing the first layer upon the street and that those spaces should be sup plied with smaller andsoonusihg still smaller stones rmrn the material is ready to be consolidated and packed in order that a dry and smooth street may be the Now the same inefficiency that pre vails among street commissioners in many burongba is found among the su pervisors of In order that we may have beneficial and satisfactory public roads men should be elected su pervisors who have acquired a knowl edge of road construction through their own from the experience of men who have been engaged in the work and from actual study of the different methods of making and repairing who possess some engineering skill and who are whenever sustained by tho to exerciso the power con ferred upon them by the road laws of this commonwealth to make and main tain good and respectable Judge of the Bucks county recently delivered an opinion in a case involving the rights and duties of road supervisors which is of general in On the demand of certain tax payers of Bensalem township Moses Vandegrif the made a con tract with them for making good and substantial roadbed upon aspecifiedpart of the highways of the either by macadamizing the same or by the use of stone and or in such other way as should be deemed advisable and proper to make a permanent benefit to the Tho work appears to have been done to the supervisors satisfac and the cost was claimed as a credit against the amount charged to Mm upon the township The according to the equaled the amount cf taxes due to the township from the with whom the contract was The township auditors disallowed the credit on the ground that the supervisor exceeded his authority in making such a Judge Yerkes said that the contract was clearly within the such as the supervisor had the right to It was also for tho making of such a road as the law and of the materials mentioned by the It was true it might result in making a better charac ter of road than is usually provided by the ordinary but no better than the statute intended should be Judge Yerkes said that instead of making such improvements to the roads as would keep them constantly in repair and at all seasons clear of impediments to easy and convenient traveling it was usual for the supervisor to make a pre tense of repairing the roads by throwin npon the hard bed from the side ditches loose unbroken rolling stones and whatever other suitable or un that might be foand in the ditches without reference to the condition of the road or the necessity for repairs orfilhng was that often good roads were made if not nearly for a while poor ones were simply because the immediate side ditches did not furnish suitable mate rials to repair them This shorl sighted and tooof ten oi repairing roads was frequentlyapprovec by the taxpayer for two reasons because supposed to bo and it permittedhim to work out his taxes without beingirequired to furnish valuable material ortto provide the bet ter labor that a different method woulc The judge suggestedtthat instead of this ineffectual a portion o the highways of each township where most needed should each year bo put in a state of permanent with such temporary repairs only as are needed to other in a few years the same expenditure would result in establishing a system of good an permanent roads which would not quire half the expenditure incnrrediby the now Inmost localities people practically prevent the construction of good roads cither by refusing to elect men for su pervisors if wonM improve the or by defeating at the sue ceeding election those by reason o having better road increase For an increase of tax to tho amount of 10 cents on and even because of road asu pervisor would be overwhelmingly de feated in many of the townships of Under the present law the desirec result could gradually be realized by constructing as miles of stone road annually as a reasonable assessmen apon property valuation and the amount received from the state if appropriated would The state appropriation should only be upon the condition that supervisors of each town ship construct a certain distance of roa each and every I believe that the present road if not shook be so modified as to annul the clause per mitting taxpayers to workout then own because the work done by the tax as a is performed knowledge or MATERIALS FOR The Varieties ot Stone That Produce the There are many properties requisite in a good road making Hani toughness and ability to with stand the weather aro essential anc should be carefully Thomas in his book on themainten ance of macadamized said These three qualifications are by means always found Thus though some schistose oct slatjf riV and toush when dis integrate to Another quality of importance fetl inding and this is rarelyf ftmbination with extreme hardness a s Materials weH i ogether and united a crush much better when looseiaj good binding property comparatively weak to wear better t a harder stone which doesnot gneous and sflicions as afri lave but little binding sandy detritus which is their and in which the stones are bedded in the has noif hesion or elasticity beyond thatwh moisture gives it and it quently loses The mati work loose in dry weather a itones at the surface are displ mortar like detritus which base able cohesion except whenrsoftenectif excessive For very heavy traffic hardness ioughness are of more importance 1 good and the 1 road materials are basalts Ordinary granite is ally an inferior road 1 jrittloness of the and g no a Copper slag and furnace cinders f iron works may be used with adva wheretheyare procurable and wheitj stone strong enough to stand heavy t ic can be They are both verjrc but care is required in the sele of the tougher Theyhavenol ing and on this account sometimes used with surface always rom the unequal wear of two i so different in scrapings or red ashes laid oh as at ing material aid consolidation much and also prevent the lorses feet from the sharp edges of i fresh laid which is so much plained Field stone gathered from the Tace of the land and river stone beds of streams and riversare used in districts where quarries do rnrnish a stone fit for road pn They both consist of the harder parts I stones derived from various and oft distant sources which have withsti the weathering and wear by which t softer portions have Sti thus derived are not of Timform and from their unequal wear i made of them are not so smooth as wh of one quality is usedl For traffic not very heavy the 1 limestones have great advantages J their binding in which 1 igneous and sHicious rocks are i and which enables a comparativelyv stone to wear better than harder which do not consolidate so best limestones are the carboniferous mountain the Devonian i some from the older Silurian i Limestone binds quickly and the detritus producing a sort of which cements the whole together forms a very smooth The wej takes place almost entirely on the i and although it may be con the road shows no signs of ness until the thickness is so far redu that it is no longer able to bear weight of the An heavy load then breaks up the a the road goes to pieces with little T relative strength and durab of various road materials is a diffic matter to Notestbuta wear in the road can ba fully relied and though it is easy to see that stone wears twice or three times as 1 as almost impossible to tap into account all the circumstances t which they are exposed to An Ideal Prairio A rural subscriber to The Burli Hawkeye writes to his paper as f ol If I were to make an ideal road this prairie country it would be so thing Eke this I would have feet made solid with some material the middle of the and on each about the same width of dirt road several miles out of the F away the hard road might be to eight or ten The reason for plan is that there is no road as good dirt road when dry and weather the travel would be on the saving the hard and versa in wet saving writer has had some experience in line in the days gone when we plank road from Middletown to In muddy times we all on the plank road in dry weather dirt If some of our men would frame some law to im our roads they would confer great efit to county and Indiana made her thoroughfares so travel from one part to another muddying your while Ohio goes floundering through the mi Which are the wisest statesmen I thinkit would be better to pay road tax in cash instead of There would be as in ing I should preach out my out my school board out my as to demand me to work out road feiT The benefits from a home market many and My mind was reeled to this some two years agoAwl hay was selling in Burlington f or when we were feeding good hay cattle and realizing about would have lost all profit in hauling hay over the wretched Ifcware oC Tor tug Contain as mercury mil surely destroy the senl oC smell and completely derange whole system when entering it throud the mucous Such articll should never be used except on tions of reputably as theit age they will do is tea fold tothe you can possibly derive from thed Halls Catarrh manufactured byj Cheney contains i and is taken internallyv acts directly upon the blood and mucof surfaces ot the In buying Hal Catarrh Cure bo sure the Renjj It is taken internally and made by Cheney f EgSold by all price T5ep Creditor When aro you going pay your debts Debtor ThatsnoJ of your confounded But need my Thats none of i confounded Jokfci Dont Care It is with thcgrentest confluence that is Biclc headache Tills medicine gently tones assists ami real Persons In he after taking Hoods fuwil find themselves longing for and plainest food with unexpected rclislw If youll go towork something to said the kindhe woman I cant follow unless yon returned I am au afterdfuner xx ir Xot Already All we ask it totrjrnlkittlcocsri   

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