Burlington Hawk Eye

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Publication name: Burlington Hawk Eye

Location: Burlington, Iowa

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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - April 27, 1890, Burlington, Iowa THS! Established: June, 1839*] HAWK-EYE. I Pagss 1 to 4.BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 27, 1890 -EIGHT PAGES. SOKE OF THE DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS OF OCR CITY. Advantages Burlington Offers for Manufactures and Business Enterprises —Statistics Published by the Commercial Club and Board of Trade—Facts Which Will Interest Every one Seeking a New Home and Profitable Investments. iR. JOHN N. MERRILL, secretary of the Commercial Club and the Board of Trade, and acting as commercial agent for our citizens under the auspices of those two organizations, has prepared and put into pamphlet form some valuable and trustworthy statistics regarding Burling ton and her business interests. While our readers are familiar with the general characteristics of Burlington, her numer ous lines of transportation, the unlimited supply of cheap fuel, the uniform success of her manufacturing industries the large jobbing trade and the solid fiscal institutions, all will be interested in reviewing these later statistics gathered with much painstaking care to secure accuracy and fullness. We have room this morning only for extracts from the pamphlet, copies of which are to be distributed in the eastern and middle states and especially in the manufacturing districts. Secretary Merrill will follow up these forerunners by personally visiting many eastern points and calling the attention of manufacturers and capitalists to the advantages Burlington offers for the investment of capital and for manufacturing industries. He expects to start east about the let of May and hopes to be able to take with him the authoritative announcement that the proposed new gas company has been organized and the capital raised to manufacture fuel gas. That it will be a powerful incentive to eastern manufacturers to remove their plants to Burlington. Burlington, Iowa, is situated on the Mississippi river, 206 miles southwest from Chicago, 300 miles east from Omaha. 300 miles south from St. Paul and 200 miles north of St. Louis. Burlington lins a population of 30,000, and is the distributing and commercial center of a densely ponulated and highly prosperous agricultural region, in the great Mississippi valley, and by reason of its favorable location upon the Mississippi river-one of the great base lines of transcontinental freight rates, cut east and west—is enabled to compete successfully with the greater cities of the east in all lines of commerce and manufac lure Burlington is located in the heart of a territory having the best railway facilities in the United States. Illinois, Iowa, and Kansas, leading in the order named, with an aggregate of more than 25,000 miles of track within their borders— miles enough, if laid in a continuous line, to encircle the globe Fuel is abundant and cheap. The beat bituminous coal aelliog at $2 OO per ton, while coal suitable for use under steam boilers and for ordinary heating purposes, can be had for about $1.00 per ton. The present year will witness, also, the introduction of fuel gas at Burlington at prices which will insure its use by all classes and in all lines of business where cheap fuel is an important feature, thus giving Burlington advantages possessed by few cities outside the natural gas regions. TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES. Burlington is situated on the main line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad—the well known “Burlington Route” so christened in honor of our city,—which highway with its 5,000 miles cf track reaching out into the states of Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Col orado, Dakota and Wyoming territory, gives ready access to a great scope of country. In addition to this we have the Toledo, P<.wria and Western railway, with its connections extending into the far east, the (Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern! railway, covering the north and northwest, the Bt. Louis, Keokuk and Northwestern railway, the Chicago, Burlington and Kansas City railway, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railway! tho Burlington and Northwestern railway, and the great “Father of Wafers” with its lines of steamers and Heels of barges- There were received at and dispatched from Burlington fduring the year 1889, over its various dines of railway, one hundred and ten thousand car loads of freight and the Union Passenger Depot, during the same ^period, gave entrance andexit to thirty-nine thousand, eight hundred and sixty-four passenger cars. The collections ai| the several freight stations in the city for the year 1889, were upwards of t^o millions collars, in addition to all of which was the heavy volume of business, both freight and passenger, handled fey the packet and barge lines on the rifer. An idea of tho importance to Burlington of the river transportation may be formed by knowledge of the fact that all the lumber handled by our four great firms, aggregating more than fifty million feet—or ten thousand car loads—is re ceived here by river and thence distributed by the several lines of railway. A great bulk of merchandise is also handled by the river, and that route serves as an equalizer aud cheapener of freight rates throughout an immense territory north and south, and gives Burlington a marked advantage over inland cities and over cities located upon the Missouri river, the latter stream being almost unused as a transportation highway. A glance at a railway map will show the easy accessibility of all regions, east, west, north and south, from Burlington, and will especially commend our city to the manufacturer or jobber, as a most favorable point from which to distribute his wares to that great agricultural territory lying between the great lakes and the rockies, the greatest marketing region. for manufactured articles, within the United States and into which the tide of such articles is flowing with a constantly increasing volume. COMMERCIAL INTERESTS. The jobbing and manufacturing interests of Burlington, with capital invested to the amount of six million dollars, transacted during the year 1889, a business upward of fifteen millions dollars, and furnished profitable employment to more than four thousand persons. An idea of the volume of retail trade may be formed from the fact that not less than fen thousand teams cross the river from Illinois annually, the drivers of which market their produce and trade with the merchants of Burlington. This in addition to the immense local Iowa trade. COMMERCIAL ADVANTAGES. The workings of the interstate commerce law have made it desirable that the manufacturer be located as near his selling market as possible, and all conditions, natural and artificial, combine to make Burlington the home of great manufacturing industries. That this is noTdle claim is evidenced by the large number of prosperous concerns—* par rial list of which are given further on— which have attained a position of prom! nance at .this point since the changed condition of freight rates have put the western manufacturer in a position to successfully compete with the long established and well known concerns of the east. INDUCEMENTS OFFERED “Westward the star of Empire takes its way,” is a truism which is daily being forced upon the eastern manufacturer and jobber and in obedience to whose mandate, many are wisely seek lug locations in the more favored west. Burlington does not enter the field with large offers of cash bonus to induce the location here of manufacturing plants, but she offers the more substan rial advantages of a point presenting in ducements which can be equalled by no other city in the west, and which when summed up by the careful business man, will out weigh the transient benefit of a few thousand dollars cash bonus, which in all cases, it is expected will be returned to the donors with goodly interest. Burlington does, however, offer cheap building sites and grounds, exemption from municipal taxation for a term of years, and has an abundance of capital to aid concerns shown to be based upon good business principles and backed by capital enough to carry the conviction that the projectors are in earnest, have confidence in their enterprise and mean business. DESCRIPTION. Burlington has within its municipal corders an area of ten square miles, with the best natural drainage of any city in the west. The manufacturing and job bing business of the city is compactly gathered in the valley, adjacent to the railroads and the river, while the three hills on which are built the residence portion, combine in the formation of a city beautiful and healthful. Burling ton, of all cities in the United States, ranks second only to Portland, Oregon, in the average mortality per thousand of population. BURLINGTON HAS an abundant and inexhaustible supply of pure water, taken from the great river, and distributed through the city by the excellent Holly system of water works, having twenty-five miles of street mains. A public school system which was awarded the first prize at the Centennial exposition at Philadelphia. Has twelve public schools, seven denominational schools, ond one business college. In the newspaper line, two daily and five weekly papers, viz: The Burlington Hawk-Eye (daily and weekly), The Gazette (daily and weekly), The Batur-day Evening Post, The Western Herald, and The Iowa Tribune (German,) Three express companies—the American, the Adams, and the United States. T wenty-eight churches, among which are several beautiful edifices, as fine as are to be found in the west. A charity hospital, conducted by the order of the Sisters of Saint Francis, with beds for seventy-five patients. A free circulating library, containing upwards of 10,000 volumes. The finest opera house in the state, erected and furnished at an expense of $90,000. Twenty-five miles of street railway, every mile of which will by September I, 1890, be operated by electricity, furnishing an easy and rapid medium of communication between all parts of the city. A well-organized and thoroughly equipped fire department, with seven Hie stations and twenty-five electric fire alarm boxes. A free delivery postoffice, with a force of thirteen carriers. A telephone exchange, connecting with the exchanges of a large number of surrounding cities and towns. A gas company, with eighteen miles of mains, and a second and independent company being formed, which latter concern will manufacture a fuel gas for domestic and manufacturing purposes. Two electric light companies, operating both the arc and incandetcent lights. A steam-heating supply company, with mains throughout the business portion of the city, furnishing heat to business establishments, factories and offices. One hundred miles of open streets, ten miles of which are improved with brick, granite and macadam pavement. A large additional amount of brick pavement is now under contract for this season, and the work of laying it is under way. A fine public park in the heart of the city, well adorned with paved walks, shade trees and a fine fountain. Five banks—three national and two savings—with aggregate deposits of three and one-half million dollars; an index of the wealth and business prosperity of our people. A loan and building association, well patronized and in a flourishing condition. A safety deposit concern, with ample room, and fitted up with the most modern appliances to insure safety from theft or fire. An appropriation of §100,000 recently made by the United States for the erection here of a government building, work upon which will be begun at once. A well established T. M C. A, organization, with gymnasium, baths, lecture and reading rooms and intelligence bureau. BUSINESS AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS. The Commercial Club, an association of business men of the city, with a fine suite of rooms luxuriously furnished. The Board of Trade (established in 1873), with a membership drawn from the business and professional men of the city. The Crystal Lake and Eagle Grove club, owning upward of 3,000 acres of hunting and fishing grounds on the Illinois shore, with a $3,000 club house for the accommodation of the members and their guests. The Lone Tree Hunting and Fishing club, located also on the Illinois shore, near the city, with 2,000 acres of fine hunting and fishing grounds and an elegant and commodious club house. The Burlington Boating association, owning and occupying the finest club house on the river between St. Louis and St. Paul. Equipped with a full line of cedar and paper shells, barges and pleasure boats. The Shokoquon dub, with commodious and elegant quarters and centrally located. Iowa, insuring at all times and seasons an abundance of the material to employ such an industry. Cheap transportation to the south-the marketing place of so much packing house product—is afford el by means of the Mississippi river and two lines of railway. There is ample stock yard room to supply the largest establishment, and finally, an abundance of skilled home labor to operate the works. A corset and underwear factory woulc also find at Burlington all the require ments which guarantee the success of such an enterprise. An almost unlimited number of female operatives could be engaged to perform that line of work, a ready and profitable market found for the output of such an institution, and suitable buildings can be had at a very reasonable rental. A shoe factory on a large scale can be operated here, and the right concern can secure the co-operation of a large amount of Burlington capital already invested in the boot and shoe line, with an extensive and prosperous trade already established. Here is a splendid opportunity for some manufacturer who thoroughly understands the boot and shoe business, and who will back his knowledge with a fair investment of capital. A starch or glucose works would also find at Burlington a location well adapted to that business, and the estab lishment here and proper operation of such a plant would certainly result in unqualified success. The material is cheap and abundant, and can be laid down at the factory door without the intervention of railroad transportation. A tanning establishment could also be profitably operated at Burlington The leather firms of this city alone consume an immense amount of that article, and a ready market can ba found near at hand for the output of a large tannery. In this, too, as in so many other lines, the raw material is in unlimited supply, and such an establishment here would be at an advantage over the eastern manufacturer, in that it would save the freighting east of the raw hides and west of the manufactured article. AI well conducted plow works, or a general agricultural implement factory could also be operated to good advantage and with profit to the owners The demand for this class of articles is so constantly on the increase, with the rapid development of the surrounding agricultural regions, as to render their sale an easy matter. A paper mill would doubtless be a paying investment here as the raw ma terial is in unlimited quantity and the demands, all through this region, for the various grades of paper, such a a straw board, building paper especially, aud all kinds of wrapping paper, requires an immense amount of the article, and a large concern would find a ready market, near home, for its entire product. A paper box manufactory could also do well at this point. Our two large candy manufactories alone would consume a large number of boxes, and would patronize a home institution at even prices with outside concerns. There is room here, also, for a wholesale dry goods house of large proportions, and a very desirable new building, three stories and basement, properly located, can be had at once for this or some other jobbing purpose. A further enumeration could be made of industries which would surely give handsome returns to the investors who will locate at Burlington, but the whole matter may best be summarized by stating that we have here cheap and good fuel—coal, wood and fuel gas,—a variety and unlimited supply cf cheap riw materials, and, what is of greai importance to the manufacturer a sufficient supply of thrifty, well-disposed, non-striking labor—skilled and common—from which to draw the operating forces of great industries, Such a thing as a strike is almost unknown among the manufacturing concerns of this city, owing principally to the good judgment and keen common sense of the wage earners, coupled with the liberal spirit of the employers, which engenders that spirit of mutual respect and good neighborhood so favorable and essential to a manufacturing community. Another marked advantage to the person wno invests at Burlington, now is that he does not come in on the tidal wave of a boom, to be stranded by the reflex current. Real estate in this city can be had at reasonable rates, and while the year 1889 witnessed the erec tion of 400 dwellings, our city has never experienced a boom, in the common acceptation of the term, but has progressed in a conservative and careful manner, so that none of the lines of commerce or manufacture have been overdone. but have, on the contrary, been inadequate to the demands made upon them. Our people are awakening to the realization of this fact, and the awakening bodes stirring times and an era of increased prosperity for Burlington. Any further information concerning this city and its interests will be furnished upon application to J. N. Merrill, commercial agent, acting under the auspices of the Commercial Club aud Board of Trade of Burlington, Iowa. Lock box 592.    _ The Pulpit ani th* Stage. Rev. F. M. Shrout, Pastor United Brethren Church, Blue Mound, Kan., says: “I feel it my duty to tell what wonders Dr. King’s New Discovery has done for me, My Lungs were badly diseased, and my parishioners thought I could live only a few weeks. I took five bottles of Dr. King’s New Discovery and am sound and well, gaining 26 lbs. in weight” Arthur Love, Manager Love’s Funny Folks Combination, writes:    “After    a thorough trial and convincing evidence, I am confident Dr. King’s New Discovery for Consumption, beats ’em all, and cures when everything else fails. The greatest kiddness I eau do my many teousand friends is to urge them to try it.’ Free trial bottles at Geo. C. Henry’s Drug Store. Regular sizes 50c. and $1.00. SPLENDID OPPORTUNITIES For Other IadaitrlM anat ara fltam la Bar Haltom. After giving a review of some of the leading industries of Burlington, Secretary Merrill calls attention to certain lines of trade and manufacturies not fully represented here or which might be profitably enlarged. He says: A Typographical Error Parka pc. American Grocer. “Aunt Matilda (looking up from her paper): “What a wicked, unprincipled governor we have, Richard; I see he actually refuses his support to a bill for ballet-reform; those poor, depraved girls, they need to be reformed.” Dick (a sorry wag): “Yes, aunty, I quite agree with you; the great majority of them are sadly in need of being reformed.” _ For a number of years I have been subject to violent attacks of inflammatory rheumatism which generally lasted about two months. On the first of this month I was attacked in the knee tnd suffered severely for two days, when I procured a bottle of Chamberlain’s Pain Balm and it relieved me almost instantly I therefore most cheerfully recommend it to those who are similarly afflicted everywhere. R. D. Whitley, Martindale, N. C., Feb. 1888. Mr. Whitley is a very prominent man in this place and his dis- Hlc Ban Were a Little Urf». Dry Goods Chronicle. Burly party: "Are you aware, sir, that you deliberately placed your urn-[ brella in my ear last evening?” Little Bifferton:    “Very Burlington afford* t splendid opening Lrp,™ ^ I IR sure. I woDQ8r6d w*i&. became of it, and—would it be too much trouble ask you to return it?”    Bg for manufacturers of any line of goods,! and special mention may be made of ai few lines which could be placed here under peculiarly favorable circumstances: A large packing establishment woald find here unequalled advantages. The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad is the great live stock thoroughfare of the west, handling, as it does, mote cat-tie, hogs and sheep than any other west- nrrmnrtinw of era road, a which are coiH raised within the state of I    Bmkhb’i Arain Salve* H I The best salve In the world for eats] I bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever •ores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains coms and all akin eruptions, and pocil lively cures idles, or no pay required. It u guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction |or money refunded. Price 25 cents per 4box. For aale at Henry’s drug store ■ SKETCHES OF SHAM SIRE UBDEBWOOD AID IOWA SHAM OFFICERS. Formation and Bks of the 1.0. O. F*— Its Growth in the United States, Moral Teachings and Benevolent Practices. General John Cox Underwood, Grand Sire of the Independent or American Order of Odd Fellows, and Commander of the Patriarch Militant branch of the organization, who will arrive in the city to-morrow night and be the central figure of the Odd Fellows’ seventy-first anniversary, Tuesday, is the son of one of the heroes of 1812. He was born at Georgetown, D C., September 12, 1840, in the old ancestral home, while his father was attending congress as United States senator from Kentucky. On his mother's side, General Underwood is a direct descendant of a Danish general, Threl-keld, who invaded England under William of Normandy. He received his education at Illinois college, Jacksonville, and at Troy, New York; graduated a civil engineer, upon attaining his majority, and entered the Confederate army, serving mainly as a military engineer in Virginia. Upon coming west, after the battle of Chanceilorsville, he fell ill and upon the retreat of Bragg from Tullahoma, Tern).., was taken prisoner and so remained until the war closed. He was paroled by President Lincoln just before the assassination of that statesman. In 1875, the democratic Kentucky, June 18, 1823. He has been the Independent Order in ?«Hows for forty-six years, and mL rf w.&8 elected Grand Secretary of X. v    Lodge of Iowa, which office SL™    for thirty-eight consecutive being now senior Grand Secretary rrl«5°ade^ In 1855’ he was elected Si *    of the Grand Encamp- t t?*8 state* “t*1 M in the Lodge has been re-elected eac*\ year since. He was for seven yean * representative from the Grand En- of Iowa t° the Sovereign Grand Lodge of the United States. Mr. J»arre vt is cashier of the Iowa State Savings Dank of this city and has held • an,y offices of public and private trust, in ail of which he has proven himself peculiarly apt and trustworthy. Of a genial, kindly disposition he attracts aaa retains friendship and is one of most worthily esteemed citizens. ODD FELLOWSHIP. our An Interesting History of Its Formation and Growths The order of Odd Fellowship origi-rated in England in the eighteenth century, sa “    —    ~  ____ the publications of 1745. The object of the older at that time was to assist working-njen. and in that respect was similar to Ute Knights of Labor. In the early days' of the institution, when the formal business was transacted, conviviality and good-fellowship became the order of the night and the brethren, glass and pipe in hand, would make the welkin ring with the melody of their favorite song: “When Friendship, Love and Truth abound Among a band of brothers, The cup of joy goes gaily ’round. Each shares the bliss of others.” The lodges seem to have been practi cally independent in England till 1809, when the Manchester Unity was formed which has ever since been the most numerous and important fraternity and beneficial society in the world. The order was founded in this country by Thomas Wildey and a few others who organized the first lodge in Baltimore id William Garrett, Secretary I. O. O. F., John O Underwood, Grand Sire, J. C. Longueville, Grand Master of Iowa. party of Kentucky nominated and elected him lieutenant governor. He made an honorable record during his four years’ term as president of the senate. Since the expiration of his office General Underwood has made a marked success as a journalist and as general manager of the Cincinnati News-Journal had much influence in the councils of the nation. He was made an Odd Fellow at Bowling Green, Kentucky, February 6, 1867; passed the chairs in subordinate lodge, January, 1868. was Grand Master of Kentucky hi 1882; was Grand Representative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge from 1875 to 1886, when he was elected deputy grand sire of the order at Boston, and was elected grand sire at Los Angeles, California, in 1888. In 1884 he was appointed chairman by Erie J. Leech, of Keokuk, then grand sire, of a special committee of three, to prepare and present in 1885, a military degree. Said committee made report at Baltimore, which was adopted and grind represanta-tive Underwood was elected lieutenant-general to take command. Th* magnificent growth of the patriarch nftitary degree, under his directer te# fewhat a wise selection was made J* \ In September, 1888,    1* Wereien Grand Lodge passed an 5 JkbJ*£ act, making him gtmersli88imo>-^ $hich time he has — * the various ^—,    p*uig Deen mayor £?« ffiS? “I*™* “I honor which have been laid aside and other lucrative to Uf7 ^he oyrfe “ order to df"ote joseph caiM8ioMoi    grafd MASTER of iowa asusfe iss ass college Hopkins, low,    0. to the bar inlSTl w“. adnUojj Boerne a Iowa in 1881. He wt!f *1 • ge*°A three years of a    for re-districting the sUta ?1 originator of the IOO dish-- J®*? Was force in this    now    rn Warden in 1887. XwJJa**6? 5raf1 in 1888 and Grand iuF* ^.Grat,d Master position he no^hofeif “W? faction to the order much satis- GARRBTI^gRard secretary of WILLIA! who came to Burlm*^ . „ been prominently identiaiS 25? and hafl toy of the city, was S? d    lua‘ was bom in Lexington, 1819, known as Washington Lodge No I. It is from this small beginning that has grown the magnificent order of Odd Fellows which numbers over 600 OOO in America, and about 1,500,000 in the world. The growth of the order in America was very slow till about 1833 when the days of probation were passed, and Odd Fellowship became an established fact and has ever since held an important and leading place in the fraternities of the country. The order was introduced into Iowa at an early day. The first was Washington Lodge, No. I, organized at Burlington, May 4 1844 The Grand Lodge was organized May I, 1848, The first Encampment was instituted at Dubuque, February 25, 1847, and the Grand Encampment was formed June 17, 1853. The total receipts of the order rn Iowa, since 1849, aggregate over $2 500,000, a large proportion of which has been used in caring for the sick and relieving the families of deceased members. The subordinate lodge has three degrees, each teaching some great lesson of life. The initiatory treats of the frailties of man, the certainties of death and the importance of so living that death may have no sting. There are three degrees. The first two are founded upon Bible scenes, the story of David and Jonathan and the good Samaritan. The first represents David returning from war covered with glory, and the people singing his praise*. The king is aroused and seeks to slay him. Jonathan proves his friendship and saves the life cf David. He is the son of a king surrounded by royalty, enjoys every possible indulgence, yet he dares to do right and risks his fathers wrath when he swears with David in friendship. “The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed forever.” Down the path of time many years have passed. Samaria has become the rival of Jerusalem and between these cities exists a strife and hatred that can only be found where religious bigotry is begotten of the malignance of many generations. A Jew, going to Jericho on a misiion of humanity, nae fallen by the wayside a; the hands o* robbers. He is stripped of ^ raiment, robbed of his purse and lef t to pen.U Behold, a priest is passing! But he draws his robe around and passes by. A Levite comes, the servant of God 8 altar H#too passes by on the other side. But here comes a man of Samana, theha«ed of the dying man’s people^whose touch is regarded as unclean. He says, to he not my brother?” He proves tile highest tot of brotherly love by giving the poor man raiment and food. The third degree crowns the fabric, and teaches the great principles of truth-The new commandment, “whatsoever ye would that others should do unto you, do ye even so unto them,” is made the guide of every Odd Fellow. There is also the encampment ana iil>* tent, or uniformed rank, but they have no important place in the great fraternal and chantable work of the order. Friendship, love and. truth are the great underlying principles of Odd Fellowship. The order teaches reverence to God and obedience to law. No person can be a true Odd Fellow who is not grateful to his creator, faithful to his country and fraternal to his fellow man. It inculcates a veneration for religion and subordination to civil government and avoids all affiliation with sects or creeds, whether religious or political. In becoming an Odd Fellow, there is no sacrifice of opinions, no loosening of the obligations to the state, no change of feelings toward the church, but on the contrary the order conforms to law, religion and sound morality. Odd Fellowship recognizes man as a constituent of one universal brotherhood and teaches him that as he came from tne hands of a common parent he is bound to love and protect his fellow man. He thus learns to regard the great author of our existence as his Father, and if He is the father of all mankind, is not therefore all mankind one brotherhood? If one brotherhood, why then should there be strife, envy, hatred, jealousy and discord among men? These vices the order banishes. Its mission is to relieve the sick, bury the dead and educate the orphan. To ’•hi. end funds are raised and each member when sick receives relief, whether rich or poor. But where misfortune overtakes a brother he is freely relieved. But lest some may say the above is a theoretical presentation, we will apply cold figures and show some of the grand work done by this the roost practical of all the fraternities. During the past year the lodges in the various jurisdictions paid out for relief $2,580:971. This makes $208,440 each month, $6,948 each day, $209 every hour, aud nearly $5 every minute. There were also expended $423,537 for funeral expenses. In Iowa last year the lodges spent $34 944 for sick benefits, and since 1848 they have expended for this purpose $638,653. For the order at large statistics have only been returned from part of the states, which show that up so the year 1889 there was expended for the relief of the needy, the education of the orphan, the support of the widow anc the burial of the dead, $48 601,892 In fifteen years 3,613,448 weekly benefits have been paid, and 1,265.268 families 163 573 widows relieved, and 124,060 brothers buried by the order. Bat their charities are not confined to the narrow limits of the lodge, for when the great fire destroyed Chicago they do Rated $131,000—more money than was given by any other society or church When the yellow fever scourged the south, Odd Fellows sent funds till the order came that nothing more was re quired. When the great famine was de va&tating unfortunate Ireland the Odd Fellows of America were the first to senc relief A ship loaded with clothing anc provisions crossed the bosom of the At lactic and its sail, unfurled to the breeze, was the white winged messenger of love and charity. The figures and instances related give but a glimpse of the real worth of Ode Fellowship The visitation of the sick che relief of distress, the care of the stranger, the burial of the dead, the sup port of the widow, the education of the orphan as well as the general good fel lowship that draws men closer together make the Odd Fellows lodge more than a place of amusement, a place where ex ists fraternity and brotherly love. The Odd Fellow in a strange land falls sick but he has friends, yea, brothers who will watch by his bedside, soothe his fevered brow, and should death come he will die among friends, and re ceive ail the care that his own family could bestow. No Odd Fellow is buriec at public expense and none lie neglected in the potter’s field, and he lives, comforted by the assurance that shoulc death call him from his family, his dear ones would not be turned over to the English beadle, American trustee or the scandal of an aid society. ODD FELLOWS AT F AHLFIELD. Program of Thdr Anniversary Celebration Monday. Special to The Hawk-Eyb. Fairfield, lo., April 26.—The seventy-first anniversary celebration of the I. O O F will be held here on Monday April 28. At 8:00 a. rn., the reception committee meet at the lodge room and then receive all visitors at the depots and escort them to the I. O O F,, K. of P. and Masonic Halls, which will be open to visitors the entire day. Ladies will be received by Rebekah Lodge and escorted to G A. R. hall. The following is the program for the day: 11:00 a. rn.—Invocation by Rev. Thorne. Selection by Parsons’ college male quartet! e. Address of welcome on behalf of the citl zens of Fairfield, by H. C. Haney, of Fairfield. Response by the president of the association, J. B. Mowery. of Ottumwa. Selection by the quartette. Address by the grandmaster of Iowa, J. C Lon true Ville of Dubuque. 1:30 p. rn —Form procession on west side of square, with Grand Sire, Grand Master and Grand Lodge officers in carriages, under the direction of R. D. DuBois, chairman of tne committee on procession. 2:30 p rn.—aJusic oy quartette. Address ny S. M. King, of Albia. Selection by quartette. Address by Grand 8ire J. C. Underwood, of Columbus, Ohio. 4:30 p. rn.—Business meeting of delegation at L O. O. F. Hail. At 7:30 p. rn. lodge will open at Ma-sonis hall The secret work will be ex amplified and short toasts responded to. An Odd Fellow’s love feast. Also a reception and entertainment at I. O. O. F. hall, under the auspices of the Fairfield Rebekah lodge, for all Odd Fellows and ladies, whether member or not. We extend a cordial invitation to all our friends and neighbors to be with us on that day and help us celebrate. One and one-third fare has been secured on the railroads from towns within fifty miles. _ MUM’ Nerve MIM Liver Pine* An important discovery. They aet on the liver, stomach and bowels through the nerves. A new principle. They speedily cure biliousness, bad* taste, torpid liver, piles and constipation. Splendid for men, women and children. Smallest, mildest, surest, 30 doses for 25 cents. Samples free at J. H. Witte’s drug store. A New Dlognn. New York Herald. “Well, who are you?” ‘Tm an office.” “What are you after?” “I’m Beking a man.” “What man?” “The man who would refuse me.” [Prick: 15 Cents pee Wuk. Ti FLAG OF THE FREE. BEASOM VIT IT SHOULD FLOAT EVERY SCHOOL HOOSE. F101 A Measure Over Which Patriots of All Political and Religions Creeds Cm Clasp Hands—Suggestions for School Boards, Every MMI la a Trial To the dyspeptic. Flatulence, heartburn, oppressive fullness of the the stomach are inevitable sequences of his use of the knife and fork. To say of him that he gratifies the cravings of appetite would be genuine satire. He on j appeases them. Is relief attainable? ertainly, and by th* use of a pleasant as well as thorough remedy, (Hostetter’s Stomach Bitters. Win it cure immediately? Certainly not-it does not effect miracles. But it does give prompt and unspeakable relief, and will, if persisted in, produce an ultimate cure. Not only does it impart relish to the food, but promotes its conversion by the stomach into rich, healthy and strength-sustaining blood. Supersensitivnesss of the nerves, mental depression, and unquiet slumber, produced by interruption of the digestive functions, are also remedied by it. It is the finest preventive and curative of malarial disorders and relieves constipation, rheumatism, kidney and bladder ailments, and liver comp aint. Give aud Take.—Fair Hostess (to the editor of the Vulture): Ha, ha, ha! Mr. Grabawl, you will have your joke! Mr. Bradley (of the Smarter): On somebody else’a.—English Joke. The promptness and certainty of its cures have made Chamberlain’s Cough Remedy famous. It is intended especially for coughs, colds, croup and whooping cough, and is the moat effectual remedy known for these diseases. 50 cent bottles for sale by all druggists. Editor Hawk-Eye: In the very able address of Commander-in Chief William Warner delivered before the National encampment at Milwaukee in August, 1889, occarrs the following reference to the flag and public schools: “I commend to each department the patriotic practice of the poets in the department of New York of presenting on the 22nd of February, the birthday of the father of his country, the American flag to such public schools as are not yet in possession of one. Let the children receive the stars and stripes from the men who placed their bodies as a living wall between it and those who would tear it down; the future citizens of the republic are being educated in the public schools, the flag of their country should ever be before them as an object lesson; from its stars and stripes let them learn the story of liberty as exemplified in the lives of Washington, Lincoln, Grant, and the patriotic sons of the republic, who by their valor, suffering and death rendered the imperishable fame of this illustrious trio possible; let them learn to look upon the American flag by angels’ hands to valor given with as much reverence as did the Israelites look upon the Ark of the Covenant; let the 8,000,000 of boys and girls in our elementary schools be thus imbued with a reverence for the flag and all it repro sents. Then the future of the republic is assured and that flag shall forever wave “O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.” This recommendation from the com mander-in-chief is a most worthy one deserving the careful attention of all loyal men, and as far as it is possible should aud will be carried out; but the Grand Army posts, as a rule, are poor every dollar that they get in is waited for, and must go out to the relief of some distressed old soldier, or his fain fly; therefore it is impracticable to carry out these recommendations to their ful extent. This being the case, what bet tor remains to ba done than forloya Iowa to authorize that these flags be dis played from all public schools during each day that school is in session, the ex pense to be paid from the school fund. As to whether it is proper or expedient to display these flags from our public schools, it would seem that there ought not to be any need for argument, but as it is practically a new question, it is best perhaps to refer to the benefits that wculd arise from the enactment of the proposed law. This is a government of the people, by the people and for the people, it is a log ical conclusion, therefore, that the quality of the government will depend tirely upon the quality of the people o:’ the government. This being a fact, is it not vastly important then that our children who are being educated in the elemental schools, and who will be the future citizens of the republic, should have a properly patriotic and governmental education so that when they arrive at maturity they will exercise their rights of citizenship, in an entirely correct and patriotic manner. This being true of our own native American, how much more true it must be of the children of foreign born people who come to this country to find a home, free from the tyranny and oppression of their foreign homes. The children of these people will be apt scholars in patriotism and we should give them the chance. No better illustration can be given in history of educated patriotism than the actions of these foreign bora people during our civil war, when they followed the old flag to the front side by side with the native bern Americans; this was the result of their knowledge of what the flag represented to them After displaying the flag from every public school building, the next and not least important step in patriotism, is to introduce into our schools a military grade of education. There is no nation on earth that is so naturally military as our own people, and this arises almost solely from the fact that we are the most patriotic nation of the earth; it is this patriotism and military spirit, fully recognized by the countries of the old world, that renders our country safe and impregnable to all outside interference, and enables us to reduce our standing army to a maximum of 25,000 officers and men. It is in this way that we < not only teach patriotism, pure and simple, but the boys will have learned more or less of the arts of war, valuable in their disuse, and yet invaluable if war should ever come to us; physically they will be better for it as it will tend to give them, while growing, more erect figures and corresponding health of bo^y and brain. In fact it seems that we cannot look upon this matter in any other way than that of both bodily and mental improvement. As to the detriment of the proposed system, there are none that could be ogically considered. It is a fact that some of the more public spirited school boards, notably at Cedar Rapids, have already started the military grade their high schools, and all their buildings are supplied with flags. This is as it should be every where and the only way to make it universal is by conservative legislation as indicated in the bills already introduced in the senate and house of our legislature. Then let us have the American flag on every school house and the military instructions in every school; it will give new zest to the study of history for the children; the pages that described the birth, growth and wonderful development of the American republic, the batties fought for its independence and at its preservation, its generals and statesmen, its patriots tad their noble deeds on lend and on sea, in the home and on the battle-field. These thin ga would be indelibly imprinted on their memories and made the mere enduring by the daily presence of the old flag; it would be an object lesson of patriotism and it would bear fruit in future years. The effect of the military grade, physically, would be beneficial ; it would teach the pupils to walk erect, throw back their shoulders and in every way improve their manly bearing. At the same time it would give them that preliminary training which would qualify them in after years to quickly respond to the call of their country; if this were adopted in our state, indeed it should be general in these United States ; there would always be a large body of men who were taught in their boyhood days something of military duties and who would have been drilled sufficiently to enable them to step right into the ranks and very quickly qualify themselves for vetern army service. They would be such soldiers when organized into battalions as General Grant described as “not only a machine but a thinking machine against whom no troops in the world could stand.” By this plan we not only add a new pleasure to the lift of cur children, but a new qualification for the duties of manhood; the other consideration touched upon previously is that there is a large foreign population coming to our country every sear; they have been brought up under the flags of England, France, Germany, Norway and Sweden, they come here for a new home to be of us and with us, our prosperity is their prosperity, they become voters and citizens, perhaps legislators. It is to their interest, it is to our interest that they shall become familiar with American history and with American institutions—-the flag displayed from our school buildings would soon have a special significance for them, it would inspire in them patriotism, love of their new country and a devotion to American liberty that in no other way could be instilled in their minds; it would help assimilate our people into one homogenous nation. The wisest men of this day will not deny but that the English language is some day not far distant destined to become the almost universal language of the earth. The American people represent, in a very large degree, the English language; the American flag represents our country, lf these things are true and who can doubt them, is there not a wonderful future ahead for our people and our flag, and what a mighty influence in the affairs of nations will it be to have all our people intensely loyal and patriotic to American institutions. Such intense patriotism and loyalty can only come through the education of our children. It is said that in the year 1889, 4,000 young men educated in our schools and colleges offered their services to go abroad as missionaries to foreign lands. What influence these young men will have, or how far-reaching the results of their work will he, no one can tell; but it exemplifies the point that our children should be so patriotically educated that their weight of influence will always be for American institutions and the old flag. Nearly all the large universities and colleges in this country have voluntarily put in their course of studies, a military class and have one or more well organized companies of cadets. Is there any good reason why our public schools should be deprived of the same privilege, and is it not a fact that these colleges and universities have adopted this system because they find it useful and popular and because it is demanded. They will also be useful in our public schools, and in a higher. sense than they can be, in any privately conducted school. It has been argued that a flag placed in rooms of our school buildings would answer the same purpose and be cheaper than one displayed from the top of the building. To this the answer is, that a flag (no size is mentioned) placed inside of a building becomes a part of the furniture and fixtures and after a short time becomes unnoticed to the same extent that other furniture becomes unnoticed. The flag, if displayed at all, should be from a fiag-staff on the top of the building; should be of United States regulation standard size Garrison flag for large buildings and half or three-quarters size for small buildings. It should be displayed each day school is in session, not later than 8 a. rn. and taken in not earlier than 5 p. m., excepting such stormy days as would badly damage the flag. It must be apparent to all who give this subject due consideration, that it is a matter that should receive, at the hands of our legislators, immediate attention. Let loyal Iowa be the first state in the union to put this system into effect.    Silver Oak Lea l. Billy aaa tho IS aaa. At Fort Madison the other evening about dusk, I had occasion to go down to the Santa Fe shops, a mile distant from town. On the way down, I was accosted by one of those fellows who belong to the United States at large, with the salutation, “Hello, pard, whe’re yougoin’?” Down to the shops. “Better not go down there, you’ll get pulled.” Oh, I guess not. “Say, did you take in the pen?” in’ quired this persistently sociable fellow. This question somewhat startled me, Having insufficient capacity for taking in anything so large as that repelling institution; but I recovered my composure sufficiently to reply: “No. Why?” “Well, I’ll tell you what to do,” advised this bibulous bum; “you crawl out early in the morning and go up to the pen; you’ll get a good feed and some clothes. I was up there this morain’; got filled up and rigged out They are takin’ in and stufflin’ fresh fish every day.” When I left my friend in the morning, did not go to the pen, but repaired to one of those numerous restaurants of that thrifty and progressive town, where you get for a dime a luscious lunch consisting of a cup of tepid water flavored with one grain of coffee unground and a proverbial ham witch. Amxr.' Navvy. SirlMta MaUura. Mrs. Winslow** Soothing Syrup should aL ways be used for children teething. It soothes the child, softens the gums, allays all pain, cures wind oolic, and is the best remedy for Diarrhoea. Twenty-fire omits a bottle. ;