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Location: Burlington, Iowa

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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - April 17, 1890, Burlington, Iowa THE BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE Established: June, 18S9.]BURLINGTON, IOWA, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 17, 1890. [Pwch: ll Cents per Week. MIINLEY’S MEASURE. 8YI0P3I8 OF THE TARIFF BILL PORTED TO THE HOUSE. AS RE* Sugar Placed on the Free List with a Bounty Clause Attached — Other Important Changes—The Montana Election Contests. | of inch oppressive competition with the foreign cattle and pork market depressed I and obstructed by various ruinous mea-I aures of restriction, with foreighn agricultural products crowding our home market, your committee have recommended an increase upon agricultural I products. With a view cf increasing the cumber of gainful occupations open to the farmer the committee has recommended a bounty to growers of silk. As the last fiscal year we exported 69,598,-989 bushels of com and imported only 2,388 bushels. The same proportion is [ quoted on rye mid cornmeal, and, the minority adds; this shows how futile it is to attempt to afford protection to the | fanners by imposing duties upon the importation of these products and this large and intelligent class of citizens can-I not be reconciled in this way to a policy which increases the taxes I Powers “entitled upon the merits of the case*’ to seats in the senate from Mon-' tans, were abreed to by a strict party vote—yeas, 32; nays, 26. The oath of office was administered to I the new senators and after an executive I session, the senate adjourned. THE HOU8*. TM* a duty of one dollar per pound would be I upon their clothing, table-ware, carpets, Mall* I    (rf    OQSUETQVO    O    O    ** ♦vt possibly courage advance laborers, jects can Washington, April 16.-—Reports of the minority and majority of the ways and means committee on the tariff bill were presented to the house this afternoon. The majority report begins with a statement cf the financial situation and estimates the surplus at the end of tho present fiscal ye lr to be 892 000,000 and deducting the sum required to make payments on the sinking fund, the net surplus receipts over expenditures will be $43,678,893. The estimated surplus of the next flsnal year will bo $43,569,-522, which, with the amount now on band and available (reaching $90,000,000) will justify a reduction of the revenue in the sum contempleted by the bill reported of $60,936,936, and probably more from the customs and say $10,327,878 from the internal revenue, or a total of $71.. 264,414. The majority report says, in part: It was the aim of the committee to fix the duties upon that class of manufactured goods and farm products which can be supplied at home so as to discourage the use of like foreign goods and products, and secure to our own people and our own producers a home market. Believing that competition among ourselves will secure reasonable prices to the consumers in the future as it has invariably done in past. We seek by the increased duties recommended not only to maintain, but to enlarge our own manufacturing plants, and check those supplies from abroad which can be profitably produced at homo. The general policy bill, is to foster and promote American production and a diversification of American industry The committee believe inasmuch as $400 OOO OOO is annually required to meet the expenses of the government. it is wiser to tax those foreign competing products which seek a market here than tax our domestic products, or non-competing foreign products The corami Hee, responding as it believes to the sentiment of tho country and recommend at ions of the president, submit ■what they consider to be a just and equitable revision of the tariff, which, while preserving that measure of protection which is required for our industrial independence, will se cure a reduction of the revenue derived from customs and internal revenue sources Tho provisions of the bill are discussed in total. In the case of wool the report cites figures as evidence of an alarming decline in the production and says the advance duties has been recoin mended which it is believed will afford ample protection to the wool growing farmers The committee believes the United Blatta should produce all the wool it consumes, and with adequate defensive legislation it will do so. The annual consumption is six hundred million pounds and with the protection afforded by the bill the farmers of the United bt-ates will at an early day be able to supply the demand. The bill seeks to stop the frauds which have been. so shamelessly practiced in the past by importing wools ready for the loom under new names, to avoid legal duties. The report gives an increase duty on wool and a construction is given to tee worsted clause in the existing law as a reason for increasing the duties on woolen goods to protect the manufac turerH The advance in fine grades of wool, it is believed, will diminish importations and thereby reduce instead of increase the revenues and transfer to this country tho manufacture of from $15 000,000 to $20 OOO OOO in woolen goods, now made abrood. On the metal schedules the report says that no reduction can be made in pig iron or ore duties without detriment to the existing industries, and the committee has not felt justified in interfering with the further development of our iron ore resources, now so promising in the southern states. On sugar the report says: The committee recommends that sugar up to and including No. IO, and molasses be placed on the free list with a duty of four-tenths of ono cont per pound on refined sugar above No. 16. and a bounty of two cents per pound paid from the treasury for the period of fifteen years for all sugar polarizing at least eighty five per cent, made in this country from cane, beets or sorghum produced in the United States. In 1889 the consumption of sugar in the United States was 1,469,997 tons, or 531 pounds per inhabitant. Of this amount only 189,814 tons were produced in the United States. So large a proportion of our sugar is imported that home production does not materially effect the price, and the duty is therefore a tax which is added to the price not only of the imported, but of the domestic product. It, as a clear duty, made the cost of sugar and molasses consumed by the people of thiB country in 1889 about one dollar for each man, women and child more than it would have been if no such duties were levied. Even on assumption that with proper encouragement we shall eventually be able to produce all, or nearly all the sugar required for the consumption of our people. Encouragement can be given much more economically and effectually by a bounty of two cents per pound, involving an expenditure of but little more than $7,000,000 per annum, with the present production of sugar in this country, than by the imposition of a duty as above. In providing that    not only    raw sugar, but also sugar up to and including No. 16 be admitted free, an opportunity is given for the free introduction of yellow sugars suited for family use—an arrangement which will secure to the people sugar at the lowest price existing in the market of the world, while even the imported white.    - t refined sugar wijl    be subject to a duty of |    *“i8 took. only four-tenths    of one cent    ‘-per    * ~    ““    ” pound.” Cornuting to agricultural products, the report says the    committee has    given required to protect the american silk reeler, the committee decided so high a doty would embarrass the silk weaving interests without sufficient reason, said to secure the industry as speedily as possible, offers the necessary differential of bounty of one dollar per pound or about twenty per cent, protection on reeled silk. The report says: “To produce our annual importations of reeled silk will require 14,000 basins and give work to over twenty thousand persons in the different branches of the industry. To produce cocoons necessary to sup* ply this silk will gives a temporary but remunerative employment to the families of half a million farmers every season. To encourage the production of cocoons and give direct encouragement to producers the committee has also provided a bounty of seven cents per pound for fresh cocoons; the bounties to continued ten years. Of the internal revenue sections, the committee says it recommended the repeal of all statutes imposing restrictions upon the farmers and growers of tobacco so that they may sell with freedom. In conclusion, the report says of the advance in duties on agricultural products; as they are far the most part articles which this country can produce to the extent of our wants the increased duty will reduce the importations so the revenues will not be increased and our farmers will bold their own markets. The same result will follow in other cases of increase and where the revenue in special cases is increased, the increase will be far less than indicated by a computation based on the theory that importations will continue as large as under lower duties. The minority report is signed by sll the democratic members of the committee. It says the minority contends for the principle of a just and equal taxation upon all, according to their ability to bear the burden, while the majority has, in this bill, thoroughly committed itself to a policy of uujuat and unequal taxation of many for tne benefit of a few. We are as anxious as the majority can be to promote and en-American industries and the interests of American But we believe both these ob be accomplished by reducing the burdens of taxation and not by increasing them. The majority, after months of laborious investigation, has been able to satisfy a part only of the demands made upon it. The only remedy is to remove, as far as possible, the artificial burdens and restrictions and give to all of our industries an equal chance    in the field of competiiion at    home and abroad. According to the statements made before the committee the protected industries of the country have never been at any time in our history in such a depressed and discouraging a condition as now, after nearly thirty years of continued protection, a great many parties engaged in these industries declared the slightest reduction of duty would compel them to close their works and discharge their employes, others have even gone so far as to assert that they will be forced te go out of business if the rates of protection are not increased At the same time the laborers in those industries are complaining of insufficient wages repeated suspensions of work, and a general condition of insecurity. These laborers fully realizing the fact that this system has wholly failed to increase their earnings or improve their condition in any way, have been compelled to organize trades unions and resort to other methods of combination and co-operation for self protection; and these various organizations now afford the only efficient means at their command for the preservation of the existing rate of wages. The report states that the remedy proposed by the majority is an imposition of more taxes upon every article of foreign origin which the people of this country desire to buy, and for which they are ready and anxious to exchange cotton which they cannot spin, corn and wheat they cannot consume, oil and coal they cannot burn, and many other products. The majority bill is framed upon the assumption that as our industries grow older they grow weaker and more dependent upon the bounty of the government It devolves upon those advocates now to explain, if they can, why it is that after the low tariff policy has been abandoned for more than a quarter of a century and high tariff policy substituted in its place, the manufacturing and mechanical industries of the country are less able to maintain themselves than they were when the change was made; and when this is done it will still remain for them to show upon what principle of justice or policy the consumers can be periodically subjected to additional taxation for the exclusive benefit of private business enterprises. The silk bounty is severely criticised. The report pays the bill will increase the tax on wool and woollens $15,500,000 per annum, according to last year’s importations, but really to a much greater sum, while the taxes on tobacco to the amount of $8,860,994 are abolished. The minority cannot agree to do this as the price increases on the necessaries. The report attacks    some    of the details of the bill.    Among    other    things it says one grade of coarse, cheap blankets will be required to pay 106 per cent, but the finest blankets will pay 78 per cent, the coarsest and cheapest woolen hats will be    subject    to    a duty of 111 per    cent    and    the finest sixty-six per cent. Women and children’s cheapest dress gaods with cotton warp are to be taxed 106 per cent, and the finest 73 per cent. The lowest grade of woolen cloth will pay 185 per cent and the highest grade 86 per cent, etc. On the metal schedules the report ssys there are many increases and scarcely any reductions. The report says: We have for a long time been endeavoring to increase our trade with the people of Central and South America and Mexico, and an international conference is now being held to devise means to accomplish It the midst of the consultation and when it was earnestly hoped some practicable plan might be agreed upon for the establishment of closer commercial relations, this bill is reported “ will not earthenware, glassware, agricultural im plements and other necessary articles. 'The minority asks how the farmers are to be helped by increased duty on rods used in the manufacture of fencing wire and iron or steel for hoops or ties for baling purposes, and says if the bill passes the farmers will be the first to de mend re-establishment of the old rates or an abolition of the duty. While the imposition of duties on live animals and other agricultural products cannot possibly do the farmers any good at home, the increases made will certainly be a great injury to them in the market abroad. Such a policy is certain to provoke retaliatory legislation from the various countries interested and farmers will soon find themselves without a market for their surplus products either at home or abroad. No reduction has been made in duties unaer any schedule except that relating to sugar and molasses. The report cruises the sugar bounty and protests against the gross fsvoriteism and injustice of such a policy. It says the bounty on last year’s production would have been $7,520,000. But as it is expected to encourage producers to supply the entire domestic demand, the ultimate result even if consumption remained at last year’s figures 2,700.521,302 pounds would be an annual payment of $61,528,426 in bounties. Sugar duty is defended as far more just and equitable than that on many otuer articles, and while the minority believe the duty should be reduced they cannot see the justice or propriety of making this article free; paying bounty and making this excuse for imposing $65,000,000 additional taxes on other schedules. The minority find it impos Bible to state with accuracy the effect of the increases. They express the opinion that the increase on tobacco will be $16,-805,925 and other items show an increase of $8,000,000. Adding these to the amount of $40 055,152 shown by the committees tables, to have ‘ been added to the duties on articles remaining on the dutiable list, shows a total increase of duties on articles still dutiable outside of the sugar schedules of about $65,000,000, and we are satisfied it is more than that. We do not mean to assert that the bill actually increases the customs revenues $65,000,-000 over what it is, but that it proposes to impose upon articles on the dutiable list, except sugar and molasses, that sum in excess of the amount collected on the same schedules last year. It places up on the free list articles which yielded a revenue of $6,039,969 during the last fiscal year. and makes a reduction of $54,922 110 on sugar and molasses and the two sums, amounting to $60 962,079, being deducted from $65,-000,000, leave an increase of more than $4,000,000 in the tariff taxation under this bill. Mr. McKenna, of California, dissents from the sugar schedule, which, he says, makes an arbitrary and invidious distinction between the sugar industry and other industries—a distinction inconsistent with the principle upon which the bill was framed, and upon which it can alone be justified. The tariff may be a tax; a bounty is certainly one—fixed and unavoidable— it increases with the production it en courages. The tariff tax lessens with the production and finally vanishes in the competition of home products. The bounty opens the home markets to foreign products. The tariff secures a home market to home product. A bounty, therefore, is as useless as it is burdensome. It has no justification in the practices, principles, or professions of the republican party. The republican house of representatives should not set this example. Who can say where the contagion will stop? The bounty on raw silk and cocoons is fully as objectionable as on sugar. Speaking of the beet sugar industry, McKinley says: Must an industry be able to supply home consumption before it is entitled to protection ? Other industries have not done this. Upon every principal upon which a protective duty can be dome to sugar it must be denied to every other american industry. Protection must be universal or not at all. THE BIL YEH QUESTION. Tan ff Bill Iitredsets-littiloi CBM* Decided. Washington, April 16. —The committee on commerce reported back adversely the resolution directing that the committee be appointed to investigate the life-, saving system; laid on the table. Mr. McKinley, from the committee on ways and means, reported the tariff bill and it was ordered printed and referred to the committee of the whole. Mr. Carlisle presented the views of the minority and McKenna presented his individual views; ordered printed. The house then went into committee of the whole on the military academy appropriation bill and after a short time occupied in its consideration, the committee rose and the bill was passed. The contested election case of Posey vs. Parrot of the first Indiana district was then taken up. The committee on elections reported unanimously in favor of the sitting member and the report was adopted. Tne contested election case of Bowen vs. Buchanan from the ninth district of Virginia was next called up and a resolution confirming the right of the sitting member was adopted. Adjourned. GENERAL washington news. A Brilliant Ban q ast Tentered the President by th* -fan-A mer lean. Washington, April 16 — One of the most notable dinners ever given in this city was that given to-night in honor of President Harrison by the delegates of the Pan-American conference. The banqueting hall at the Arlington hotel was lavishly and beautifully decorated. Besides the president there were present the vine president and the members of the cabinet and the members of the supreme court. There was also a notable gathering of diplomats, army and navy officers and congressmen. Delegate Segarra, of Perue, proposed the toast; “The President of the United States.” The president responded briefly saying he believed the conference would result in enduring peace and good will among the American nations. He assured the sister republics that the United States is absolutely and unselfishly friendly. WINDOM’8 REPLY TO PLUMB, Washingon. April 16.—Secretary Win-dom to day made the following reply to the question addressed to him by Sen ator Plumb: “The operations of the treasury department have not been conducted with a view of controlling the fldances of the country, but in pursuance of a fixed policy, to produce the least possible disturbance of natural current events. The purpose of the secretary has beenand is, to pay out MA MANS. AHBil IEE™ OF THE STATE IED1CAL SOCIETY AT DES SOMES. The First Day’s Proceedings—Leading Physicians Present from All Over the State—Interesting Papers Read and Discussed. Special to Th* Hawk-Etb. Des }foinks; April 16 —The Iowa state Medical society met in this city this morning in its thirty-ninth annual session, with J. M. Emerson, of Atlantic, president. The reading of the minutes was dispensed with and letters of regret were read from several members. A letter was read from the secretary of the Illinois State Medical society inviting the Iowa society to send a committee to the society meeting at Chicago, May 6 to 8, to teke some action in regard to making an exhibit at the world’s fair. On motion the chair appointed Maxwell, Peck and Caldwell. Among names favorably reported and voted members the society were: J. H. Huchins, Hampton; L. H. Branson, Muscatine; A. J. Hobson, Bristow, and Mary B. Tuttle, Burlington. J. T. Priestly, chairman of the section on practice, read a report on the progress made by the medical profession in various branches of work, including treatment of scarlet fever, diphtheria, typhoid and malarial fever, a very able paper which was also referred for publi cation. In the afternoon G. F. Jenkins, of Keokuk, read a paper on the nature and treatment of diphtheria. In it he said that nearly all cases of membraneous croup were caused by diphtheria germs. Of the treatment of diphtheria he claimed that both local and external treatment are necessary in the majority of cases. He gave it as his opinion that diphtheria is mainly and primarily local, but in some cases he knew that the disease was a constitutional one, yet the patients have often been treated the same. Dr. Kinnier said he did not favor: the use of swabs and swivels, for in nearly all instances the membrane becomes inflamed and raw and bad results follow Dr. Le Grange said he he had also abandoned swabs and was now an advocate of mercurial treatment and of the use of calomel and crroslve submlimate in diptheria and membraneous croup. Cr. Kennedy said that he thought diphtheria is mainly a local disease and patients should be quarantined. Dr. Priestly said that he knew of firm is seised or Assigned, all debts to j em cloy es to en amount not to exceed two hundred end fifty dollars to each employe for work performed within ninety days of such seizure shall be considered as preferrek debts. The following senators will be mem-1 bere of the twenty-fourth general assembly; Republicans, A. K. Bailey of Winneshiek, C. H. Gatch of Polk, £. E. Mark of Buena Vista, G. W. Perkins of j Fremont. R G. Rainiger of Floyd, William C Smith of Wright J. S. Woolaon of Henry; democrats, P. G. Ballingall of I Wapello, L. R Bolter of Harrison, W. F. Cleveland of Shelby, W. W. Dodge of | Des Moines, J. M. Gobble of Muscatine, J. J. Mosuat of Benton, Thomas Rich of | Carroll, William O. Schmidt of Scott J. H. Shields of Dubuque, Joel Stewart of Poweshiek, P. B. Wolfe of Clinton; union-laborites, Perry, Engle and Jasper. LIMB BINT FROM LI MB. TRE SAGE OF OQUAWKA COL I. B. PATTERSON, THE PIONEER PATRIOT AND EDITOR, DEAD. value and of thrilling interest It may be said of his characteristics as an editor that his style was pure and dignified, never resorting to invective or abuse of those differing from him. His newspaper w»8 his pride and nothing ever appeared in its columns that would offend the most fastidious taste.” A Notable Man—His Connection with Early Illinois Days — Relations with Black Hawk—A Brother Editor’s Eulogy. Pint Fatal AaaMaat oa Da Moll Blootrlo Hallway System. Special to TD Hawk-Etb. Dks Moines, April 16 —The first fatal accident happened on the electric street cars this evening about six o’clock. A small boy by the name of Willie Mills was riding down Locust Hill on a car going west and just as the car going east was approaching on the southwest, he jumped off in front of the car, and was run over and killed instantly, being literally disemboweled. Both legs were I severed from the body, hanging by mere threads of flesh The accident coused considerable excitement. A large crowd quickly collected and traffic was suspended for some time. The coroner’s jbry was ixnpanneled and adjourned until to-morrow afternoon. No blame can be possibly attached to the motoneer as the child jumped exactly in front of his car and he really did not know he was there until too late to do anything. TOE IN VEN TOH OF “BLOOMERS,5 Bloomer Celebrate Wedding at Cove ell Mr. and Mn. Their Golden Blaff*. Council Bluffs, lo., April 16.—The fiftieth anniversary of the wedding of D C. and Amelia Bloomer occurred yesterday. It was a most notable event. The persons who gathered came by invitation from the east and west. Mrs Bloomer acquired a national reputation many years ago by originating the costume that bears her name. She was also one of the originators^ the woman’s rights movement. Flam for Sioux City Liquor Sonora. Sioux City, April 16 —Ten liquor sellers were arrested yesterday, and all saloon men will be prosecuted as soon as the police force can prepare the cases. It is the beginning of a plan to fine the liquor men $50 each per month. All prosecutions were dropped pending the session of the legislature. As the local option bill failed. Mayor Palmer, re sponding to the demands of business HHcreLurv hub ucouttiiu is lo t>rv out    m j* , .,    .    «. ,  __    ■ men, unll endeavor to secure a revenue Iii    P y ? cages of diphtheria which were constitu fr0m the saloons There are 125 nieces for bonds all the avadabls surplus tional, and it was bis belief that the [fthe Htl    P The Republica* Hovu Committee Hears a Report from tbs Sab-Com* mitts#. Washington, April 16.—The house republican committee on the silver question held a meeting this morning and heard the report of the sub-committee appointed to confer with the sub-committee of the senate republican committee with a view of coming to some agreement as to the basis for the passage of the silver bill. The sub-committee reported it had been agreed the bill should provide for the purchase of four and a half million ounces of silver every month. The certificates issued in payment thereof to be redeemable in lawful money. At first, it is said, the members of the full committee were inclined to adopt this basis and voted to do so; afterwards, however, in discussing the manner of redeeming certificates a sentiment developed in favor of making them redeemable in bullion. This proposition was advocated by a majority of the committee and the sub-committee was instructed to again confer with the senate sub-committee and endeavor to induce them to provide for the redemptien certificates in accordance with the views of the house committee. The meeting of the two sub committees will be held this afternoon for that purpose. as rapidly as possible. The pursuance of this policy and with a view to keep the money in circulation to the fullest extent practicable, the purchases of bonds was so freely made that by January 20, the available balance of public funds was reduced to less than twenty millions of dollars and this entire amount as well as farther sums amounting to about eighteen millions were on deposit in the- national banks. From this it will be seen the entire surplus and eighteen millions in addition were in circulation In view of this fact and the large disbursements to be made it was not deemed prudent to draw further upon the reserves in the treasury, and therefore the purchase of four per cents was temporarily suspended and the government purchases for the time were confined to four and one-half per cent bonds. On the sixth of March, when the pur* cheses of four per cent was resumed, the available surplus had reached twenty -nine millions, the whole of which was on deposit in national banks. The amount now on deposited in the national banks is about three millions more than the entire available surplus, NOMINATIONS. The president sent to the senate to day the following nominations: Stephen A. Marine, pension agent at Des Moines, Iowa; Erastus A. Williams, surveyor general of North Dakota; Major Sumner, fifth cavalry, lieutenant colonel of the eighth cavalry; Captain Davis, fourth cavalry, major of the fifth cavalry, colonel of the tenth cavalry; Fret Lieutenant Murray, fourth cavalry, captain. THE SUGAR BOUNTY NOT ACCEPTABLE. The sugar bounty proposition is not acceptable to the Louisiana producers as is evidenced by the statement submitted by them to the ways and means com mittee. The statement requests that the present rates on the grades of sugar they produce ba maintained. disease is a constitutional one. Phalic-ular pharingitis is another and distinct disease. Dr. Sill said he was not so sure about tins. He gave instances where several members of a family were afflated but that the physicians were unable to decide which was diphtheria and which was something else. At this evening’s session an interesting latter on the subject of “Importance of Accuracy in Diagnosing and Aids to the Same,” was read from H L. Getse, of Marshalltown, also papers on ‘ ‘Or thopaidic surgery, early treatment, J. W. Cohen-ower; contusion of the abdomen, E, H. King; both of which were very interesting and instructive. To-morrow’s session will have a large-y increased attendance. Burlington’s physicians present stand high and will take a prominent part. THE DESERTED CAPITOL. labor troubles. I Tbs BepiSlK THE SENATE. Session Frost Met- Washington, April 16.—Mr. Mitchell I give notice he would address the senate I next Tuesday on his constitutional amendment for the election of senators by the people. On motion of Cullom the senate bill to authorize the construction of a bridge across the Mississippi river at some ac-oemible point between the month of the Illinois river, Excitement in Beaten Labor Circles Over Various Reports. Eoston, April 16.—There was considerable excitement in labor circles this morning over two report that were made public. The first one comes from London and is to the effect that the Free Stone Contractors association has found a way of evading the foreign contract law of this country by assuring the men they are trying to secure in England that they are not authorized to make any contracts in England but will make a legal argument immediately on their arrival in the United States. The sec end report is the published statement of a member of the building trades council that the brick layers had signed a con tract with the employers not to strike for three years in return for which the men are tc receive an advance of ten cents per hour with eight hours as day’s work. Most of the brick layers are non committal on the subject.  MANT WORKMEN LAID OFF. Chicago, April 16.—At the close of work last evening a great majority of bricklayers, plasterers, lathers, painters and plumbers were laid off indefinitely. There was no more work for them to ao | as all lines of work had reached a stop-! Pin8 Place beyond which they could not go without the assistance of the carpen ters. •Nothing was done to-day. The bosses didn’t even attempt to start up work. r     __  I*    |$    ▼ary    important    in    this    age    of    vast and the mouth of the Missouri I matenal progress that a remedy be pleas was taken from the calendar and I ant to the taste and eye, easily taken, ac jpaased. most of its    investigation    to the    existing I •$ containing provisions wnicn win    now    The    Montana    election case was again conditions    of    agricultural    aud    kindred    only retard redp^ arrangamenta    for    taken    up    md ffibwn addrreaed the aen- •    •    1    the future, but will destroy a larger part I ate in favor of the democratic side of the of the trade now existing. The bill pro-1 question, proses to make large Increases in the I Mr. Kenna spoke after Gibson, duties on carpet wools and subject lead | The Chinese enumeration bill was contained in silver ores to a duty,    not because we need revenue, but for    the sole purpose of preventing these articles from being imported into this country. Speaking of a wool schedule, the re* ports say; These increases ere made principally upon the demand (rf a°few I etal district ox Norm Desoto, was pas-1 points in large flock masters in the state of Ohio, I sad; also the senate bill appropriating I    j^onsm. and defended by the majority upon the 18100,000 for a public building at Norfolk, |    Ability, ell eyed ground they are beneficial to the I Nebraska. election case was again j matters. Speaking of the depression of agriculture, it says the enemies of the protective system have no word of criticism for the real causes of the agricultural depression, no satisfaction of relief from the real burdens which are weighing it down to day, but seizing the products at a favorable time they solemnly charge that the decline in our market is solely due to the tariff. A critical examination of the subject will show that agriculture is suffering chiefly from damaging foreign competition in the home market. The increese in importation of agricultural products since 1850 have been enormous, mounting frffn $40,000,000 to more than $356,000,000 in 1889. The world’s market to which the advocates of a tariff for revenue only invite the farmers of this country, is to-day crowded with products that the cheapest human labor the earth affords. AU over (harold world there is a rush of ' surplus to that market and it is to a contest as this that free trade ceptable to the sVunach and healthy in its nature and effects. Possessing these qualities, Syrup of Figs is the one per feet laxative sud moat gentle diuretic known. taken up and on motion of Stewart, laid I on the table. House bills appropriating $75,000 for a rablic building ^Galesburg, Illinoe and I 1800,000 for a public building at Ashland. Wisconsin, and dividing the judi-I cial district of North Dakota, was pas-1 _    rim Im WI—enate ■ Cmrrawi Falls, Wi*., April 16 -Prairie fires kave started in this vicinity 25 v?8 ^ 800,1 *tels much damage will be done. At Morey, eight miles distant, all farmers are fighting fire to save houses. It is learned that destructiYQ ares are raging at other diffi agriculture with L under ti es WF    WW fanners of the country who keep sheep. The fact is wool is one of our least important agricultural products in point of actual,value and by comparison with | others. Specking of other duties imposed on agricultural products, the minority ssys: It is, impossible to prefect the fumer against foreign competition in his home market for babas no such competition and the insertion or retention af these articles in the tariff billie a device which will '*> P°°r memory _ wS SXS Feaknees, pimples, cured Samples Ion tis* cue m taken.upAgain    Herrin*. resolution declaring Clark and!w™Li•’mt et™ it not entitled to the seats, was I th# cem^r ...  free at store_ c**niuee CeaMen Aar—- “d WHhH    I The Montana and the Meginnia ____ speed to, 88 to 19. Barbour, George, "Sioifcredre a ..batata tor tim resolutions declaring Bandera and SSeTw^ Powers entitled to the seats, one fleeter- prospect it ing that in the judgment cf the senate agreement    6    ^ thole had been no choice of senators    ^afternoon    or    tomorrow. from Montana, which wan rejected by s    without    a bottle of ab Ss*—teto'ISSSiiB in the city where liquor is illegally sold. Labor Normal Ieatttite. Lyons, lo., April 16—The Labor Nor mal Institute of the second congressional district opened a four day’s session here yesterday. Among the noted labor representatives present are N. B. Ashby of Des Moines, national treasurer of the Farmers’ Alliance; M. L. Wheat of Colfax, general worthy foreman of the Knights of Labor; Mrs. I C. Fales of Brooklyn, New York, national president of the Co-Operative Union of America Suicide et Dxv**port Davenport, April 16 —This morning the body of John Barofsky was found suspended by the neck from a beam in a shed in the rear of his brother’s saloon in this city. It was cold and stiff. The man was about fifty years of age and has a family in the west, but is divorced from his wife. He was an invalid and supposed to have done the act when Secretary Jackson Very Busy—The Repnbilean State central Col salttee. Special to Th* Hawk-Et*. Des Moines, April 16. —1The scenes around the capitol building to-day re mind one of those which can be seen after the desertion of a camp-on every side waste paper and confusion. In a a few days all will be cleaned and repaired, the movable furniture such as curtains and chairs, will be stowed away and quiet reign within the chambers of the house and senate for two years The work of the general assembly has, this year, been well done. While many needed changes of the various awa were not bad. little, if any, vicious egislation was passed. The total num ber of laws handed to the governor for ria approval numbered but 159. So far Dut 68 have been deposited in the secre tary of state’s office. Secretary Jackson’s office is now about the busiest one in the whole building, and when the Russell-Harsh trust bill becomes a law, for a time at least his duties will be greatly increased. Few of our wise solons are still with us, the most of them hurrying and rush ing off upon the first train out, and the landlords and boarding-house keepers, etc., are happy to-day, counting the accumulated wealth. The state central committee of the re publicans, I should add, meets in Des Moines, April 22, to decide upon the place and date of the next state conven lion. If anyone for a moment expects that that organization is asleep or that either ^ “Gib Pray,” the chairman or “Charlie” Boardman, the excellent secretary, are not right “ap to snuff, they don't know what they are talking about. Both Pray and Boardman have been hard at work in better organizing the republican forces ever since last November. ___ REVIEW OF LEGISLATION. Ill under despondent feelings cause. due to that The Wove Dose Hee Bees Fatly Up to the Average of Presell mg Benes, Des Moines, April 16.—Taking into consideration the fact that more than a month was spent in the organization of the house, the work of Hie legislature has been folly up to the ayerage of preceding bodies. Aside from appropriations and legalizing acts, the most important work of the session is as follows: Reducing the legal rate of interest on private contracts from IO to 8 per cent; reducing the rate of interest on the permanent school fund loaned by county auditors from 8 to 6 per cent; the joint rate bill requiring railways to carry freight as one continuous shipment, except that two terminal charges may be allowed; making the term of county auditors now in office three years, in order to bring the election of auditor in a different year from that of treasurer; changing the law relative to taxing the stock of state banks; increasing the sup port fund for children at the institution for the feeble-minded at Glenwood from $8 to $19 a month per pupil; giving thirddan railways longer time in which to fence their tracks; granting cities of 4,000 or more people authority over their own bridge fonds; amending the phar macy law so as to make it lets stringent on druggists; a school-book bill which permits districts to purchase books and lo sell than at cost to pupils, and allows all counties to vote on the uniformity of books, but excludes (fifes and towns from the operations of the law; providing for the punishment (rf pools, trusts, combinations and conspiracies; to apportion the state into representative districts nnd declaring the ratio (rf representation; to provide for appointing guardians for hsbitffal drunkards, forth* custody, restraint, and confinement of drunkards, md far th**1 reformation, under orders of the district curt; to protect laborers in their claims for wages, and providing ***** *• jwopreljf o<    of    I Tke Grinnell Mystery. Special to The Hawk-Et*. Grinnell, April 16.—The mystery surrounding the disappearance of Vernon Everett, a medical student in Chicago, deepens. His father returned with no encouragement, and the efforts still being made fail to bring any reliable clue to light. _ A Barlows Assident. Special to Tns Hawk-Et*. Des Moines, April 15 —Last evening Elser Hoover, a workman at the Linseed Oil works was seriously cut about the feet by breaking through the floor onto a revolving shaft with circular blades used as a ground seed conveyor. Linen se Detested at Bm* dt seville. Special to Th* Hawk-Et*. Blandinsville, HL, April 16 —The republicans elected R W. Hinne pres! dent of the board; village trustees, John Davis, M. F. Banks, Joe Edel; clerk, Bam Barlow. License was defaated by twenty-four votes. The democracy did i not elect a man._ All headache succumbs to Hoffman’s Harm less Headache powders, 25 cents per box. at Henry’s. _ A Good Appointment. I Special to Th* Hawk-Et*. Des Moines, April 16.—Attorney General Stone has appointed as one of his assistants Thomas Cheshire, a rising | young republican of Polk county, Iowa genbbaL foreign ne wa. A St, Lenin Attorney Decorated by Emperor william. Berlin, April 16.—Emperor William I has conferred the first class decoration of | the royal order of the crown upon Charles Gibson, an attorney of St. Louis, Missouri. GENERAL EUOBPEAN DISARMAMENT. Beblin, April 16.—The Volksblatt I says probably the question of general European disarmament will be brought before the reichstag at the coming I Bion.    _ SEVENTEEN GIRLS KILLED. Rome, April 16 —The roof of a wtav | ing mill at Bergamo, in which three hon fired girls were employed, fell in to day I and seventeen of them were killed. HR WILL RETURN IN MAT. Paris, April 16.—Saint Saens, the compenser who mysteriously disappeared I recently, has telegraphed from Canary I islands that he will return in may. THE LAST SUMMONS. Professor Richard H. Mather, of Amherst Coling*, Dead. Amherst, Mass., April 16.—Bichard H. Mather, professor of Greek in Amherst college, died to-night, after a long illness. “FATHER” OF LAGER BEER DRAD. Elizabeth, N. J., April 16.—‘ Commodore” Louis Schwartz, who is said to have introduced lager beer into this country, died to-day, aged eighty. For years the editor (rf the Burlington Junction (Mo.) Post has been subject to cramp colic or fits of indigestion, which prostrated him for several hours and unfitted him for business for two or three days. For the past year he has been iwfng Chamberlain’s Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea remedy whenever occasion required, and it has invariably given him prompt relief. 25 sad 50 cent bottles for sale by all druggists._ —Cocoa shells, 15c per lh., st tim La tana. ie Mslerr BSISD et ism sty ness levi ■■■ Ottawa, Oat, April 16.—It was stated im the semite yesterday there would be bo relaxation of th* regulations respecting importation af American cattie into (Meads for export to Engined. UL!: r Special to Th* Hawk-Et*. Carthage, IU., April 16 —The death of that patriot and patriarch. Colonel J. B. Patterson, has not only flued the hearts of many people with profund regret, but it brings to mind the fact that he was a noted man, a heroic pioneer, and one of that class of provincial journalists who are passing away, and who, because of their unswerving integrity and loyalty to right, shine like brighter stars of the firmament. Colonel John Bun well Patterson, known for many years as “the sage of Oquawka,” was thought to be one of the oldest editors in the northwest. He was born at Rosney, Ramp shire county, Virginia, January ll, 1806. Here he obtained a fair common school education. His father’s family subsequently moved to Winchester, Va , where John entered the office of the Winchester Republican, serving a faithful apprenticeship. In 1828 his first editorial and newspaper venture was made at Winchester in the establishment of a weekly newspaper, advocating the support of General Jackson. Colonel Patterson’s first presidential vote was cast for that patriot. The colonel was an ardent democrat and voted for every democratic president from Jackson to Cleveland Colonel Patterson started for Northern Iowa early in the spring of 1832, making a voyage down the Ohio river as tho flood tide of that memorable season was subsiding. The journey up the Mississippi river was a succession of interest ing experiences. St. Louis was then a city of a few thousand inhabitants only Alton had been laid out as a possible rival of her Missouri sister. At that time the river trade consisted principally of furs and pelts, all of which were consigned to a branch of the American Fur company. Warsaw, in this county, (Hancock), had just been laid out as a city below historic Fort Edwards, and from the beautiful site of wooded bluffs and hills bid fair to make a comely if not noted city. A few miles above on the Iowa shore a post of the American Fur company had been established and the place was then known as Traders’ Point. This spot is now occupied by the thriving city of Keokuk. In 1832, it was the scene only of a few miserable log huts that were inhabited principally by Indians and half-breeds. At this time a large number of friendly Indians were encamped there and they stolidly refused to accompany Black Hawk and his warriors on his raiding tour up the river. Navigation at this point was tedious on account of the treacherous Des Moines rapids. From Traders’ Point up as far as Rock Island there were only two Indian trading posts on the Illinois side of the river and two on the west side, the former at Oquawka and New Boston, the latter at Burlington and Muscatine, Iowa. Nauvoo, en the Mississippi river, in Hancock county, Illinois, was not then known to the map, but later became a thriving and historic city through the advent and industry of the Mormons Colonel Patterson arrived in Rock Island in April, 1832, and became the guest of Colonel Davenport. Colonel Patterson it is said, helped toBuxveythe present city of Davenport, using, as also stated, grapevines in lieu of surveyors’ chains. Little credence is given to the report, as the survey is said to have been perfectly accurate. The Indian troubles had broken out and Black Hawk was on the war path. Troops had been mustered in an at the towns and a steamboat came down from Galena with officers from Fort Arm strong, for the purpose of laying in supplies and medicine for a brigade. One regiment, composed principally of miners who had abandoned their mines, elected Henry Dodge as colonel. Among the officers on the trip was Dr. A. K Philleo, a skilled physician, who had ac cepted the position of surgeon in the company at the earnest request of Colonel Dodge. Dr. Philleo was editor of the Galenian, the only paper within hun dreds of miles of the seat of war, and the only one on the Mississippi river above Alton. Having made the acquaint ance of Colonel Patterson, Dr. Pnilleo insisted that the former should take charge of the Galenian during the war, which Colonel Patterson consented to to do. To this end Col. Patterson re ceived the title of “Printer of the Regiment,” with a position in Col. Dodge’s staff He then became the recipient of all dispatches and official news concern ing the battles and movements of the forces, which were published daily in the Galenian, and from which Col. Pat terson formed the most important part of his well-known history of Black Hawk. Col. Patterson obtained the personal history of Black Hawk’s own life from that chieftain himself, and which was trans lated by Antoine Led air, a United States interpreter. Rock Island county was organized in 1833, and Col Patterson was chosen the first officer in that county. He had the honor, also, to deliver the first Fourth of July oration in that county. Col. Patterson settled in Oquawka— then known as ‘Tallow Banks”—in 1834 In 1848 he began the publication of the Oquawka Spectator, continuing its editor and proprietor until 1884, when he disposed of the paper to his grandson, Harry N. Patterson, its present able editor, who is also assisted by a courageous and handsome young wife in its editorial conduct. In August, 1835, Colonel Patterson called the first railroad meeting ever held in Illinois, which convened at Monmouth. He had formerly written for the Missouri Republican a number of articles favoring the construction of railroads. A charter was sucsequently obtained from the state which resulted in building the Peoria and Oquawka railroad Jadge Breese took up tne subject of railroad extention and succeeded in calling a railroad convention at Springfield during the legislature session. The meeting had much to do with fadli taring railroad construction in Illinois. Colonel Patterson had a wonderful memory for the stormy events through which he passed. And modest the while, he was ready to chat pleasantly with his friends or the carious stranger concerning the history of the northwest. ' J. M. Davidson, the veteran editor of the Carthage Republican, who knew Colonel Patterson for over thirty years, supplies your correspondent with the following critical analysis of the dead oioneer’s character: “Colonel Patterson, so far as I know, was the oldest editor in Illinois. He was a man of unusual ability, of sterling integrity, sad ap to the inst retained his wonderful mental and physical vitality. Aside from the value of his services is aa editor and public-spirited citizen I regard his history of Mach Hawk, first published in 1882, revised sad enlarged some few years ago, aa (me of the most notate* achievements of Ids Pf!#- It te a book of (poi! historical Narrow Keenan* Special to Th* Hawk-Et*. Rock Island, Ilia., April 16 —This morning some little boys were playing with a small raft when it became detached from the shore and started off down the river with them. They were greatly terrified and one of them, a lad only a few years old, sprang into the water where it was ten feet deep. He sank twice and was disappearing the third time when he was reached by John McDarrah, of Rock Island, who had seen the boy’s insane plunge into the river and had himself gone in to rescue him. It was a hard struggle the man had, weighted down with bis clothing and the half drowned and terribly frightened and nearly maddened boy, but he made it and got back to the bank. The boy was saved, but by a very small majority. The other lads and their raft were towed in without danger or difficulty. Am Early CetTMiiea. Iowa State Register. There is a growing sentiment in the republican party for an early state convention. Years ago, it was the practice to hold the state convention in June or early in the summer Bat in later years the date has been deferred, and the rime for a campaign has been shortened, until little more than a month is now given for active organization and field work. There are two important reasons for a convention in June rather than in August or September The first is that it will keep state politics distinct from county politics. When the state convention is held late in the summer, it is customary in many counties to hold but one county convention for selecting delegates to the state convention and for the nomination of county officers. Local politics coming nearer to the voter, aro naturally of more interest to him, and sr the convention is managed entirely in the interest of local matteis The various candidates endeavor to have their particular friends in the convention and frequently the republicans wnose counsel is most needed, and whose help in state politics is most essential, are kept out of the county conventions b9cause they are not mixed up in the local fight over county offices. The convention that * amos delegates to a state convention, snould ba regarded as second in importance to none. It is a most important convention. With it rests very largely the responsibility for party success or failure. How often has it happened that county conventions have sent as delegates to state conventions men who are utterly unacquainted with state politics, men utterly without political judgment or experience, and more than thai, men who are not in the habit of voting the republican ticket. We have in mind a recent state convention in which the entire delegation from one county, went home and voted against the head of the ticket which they helped to nominate. You can’t build up the Republican party by allowing such men to form its state conventions. You can’t strengthen the party or even hold its strength, by sending to s'ate conventions men who are not first of all republicans to the core. The only way to carry the party through perilous times, is to bring out the old guard, and have the county conventions composed of men whose judgment and loyalty can be depended upon. A state convention that nominates a ticket and writes a platform for the party is a very important meeting. It ought to be so thoroughly representative of the wisdom and experience and judgment of the party, that those who are not in the convention can feel a full assurance that it has acted for the best interests of the party. That assurance can never be felt when conventions are made up in a haphazard way of men who never work for the party and who only vote for it when they feel like it. The importance of selecting the right delegates to a state convention is so great, that the choice ought never to be hampered or interfered with, by any local considerations. A state convention in June, would mean the selection of delegates by county conventions called for that purpose and no other, and party interests woald be greatly served in that respect at least. Delegates would then be chosen directly upon the one issue, unhampered by contests over county officers. The second important reason for an early convention is to give ample time for the necessary work of organization before the speaking campaign begins. There is much to be said in favor of a short, sharp, decisive campaign. The people don’t want to be bored with an excess of speeches, and the party doesn’t want to be embarrassed with the expense of too many meetings. But this short, sharp campaign should be preceded by the most thorough organization and that takes a great deal of time-A state chairman has to get acquainted with his district and county chairmen. The latter in turn must know their township chairmen. The mere matter of circulating campaign literature takes much time. Of coarse it coaid be dumped into every voter’s front yard a few days before election, but that would do no good. The effective way to disseminate campaign reading is to send it out early enough so that it can be placed in the hands of voters before the exciting days come on when partisan prejudice has been so aroused that few men are open to conviction. After party lines are drawn and after political interest has been keyed up to the highest notch, just before election, it is useless to expect that voters will be much influenced by the calm, dispassionate argument of cold facts and figures. If a state convention is not held before the last of August it is the middle of September or later before the state central committee becomes fairly organized, and it is generally October before the political tracts sent out by the committee reach the individual voter. It takes a good deal of time also to revise the poll books and take the census that is required for good organization. The work has to be very hurriedly and incompletely done, if it cannot bs started before the first or the middle of September. But let the state convention be held in June, choosing at that time the state central committee, and this preliminary work of organization can be advanced during* the summer, so that when the speaking campaign opens in the fall, it can reinforce and make doubly effective the effects of the speakers on the stump. Of course, various things hmve contributed to the decline of republican majorities in this state during the last few years. Bat it is a question, if the party woald not be stronger to-day and in better condition for effective work if it had followed its former practice of bolding the state convention in Jane. At this time especially, when there is so much need of the most careful and thorough organization, it would seem to be eminently desirable to go back to the old practice of a Jane convention. HerefeMV AeM Fleepisle. Beware of Imitations. Some girls are pressed for time and others for the fan of it.—Binghamton Leader. Hibbsrtf’s "Herb •ne bion* Extract” cures OM* '* e crI Cum* The trouble with cheerful people is thai their cheerfulness is lo hard to snub.—Atchison Globe. -p-Fkkiy titbits wow on sale. ;