Burlington Hawk Eye, March 23, 1890

Burlington Hawk Eye

March 23, 1890

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Issue date: Sunday, March 23, 1890

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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - March 23, 1890, Burlington, Iowa pART owe. I THE BURLINGTON HAWKEYE. Established: June, 18*9.] BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1890.-EIGHT HAGES. [Price: 15 Cents per Week. WHAT CHUKWU W0BIEH8 ABE DOUB OI EL LAUDS. Interesting and Encouraging Reports from Japan, Turkey and India—To-Day’s Sunday School Lesson— Religious Notes. The New York Examiner, while spurring on the Baptists to more active work for Asia, gives a most interesting summary of the work now being done in that country. The last annual meeting of the Congregationalists in Japan was the largest ever held. Eight new churches were reported, having a membership of 8,000, a gain of 2,129 new members in the twelve months. The meetings were marked by unusually deep feeling and devotion to Christ’s work. Three provincial capitals sent up urgent written petitions, begging that missionaries might be sent to live within them. Five other large cities sent similar requests. Treaty revision, with its great enlargement of the possibilities of mission work, in that the missionaries can work anywhere freely, without hindrance, is only a few months off. The change in the form of government after the New Year, with its quickening effect upon Japanese life, will open the door yet more effectually. Full religious liberty is declared. The people are eager to hear of Christianity, the great force written in western civilization. Natives and foreigners in Japan are agreed in saying that this is the last golden time for reinforcements. The Andover Review reprints with great care tho letter of Dr. Greene, of Japan, in answer to the address of one Mr. Kentaro Kaneko, secretary of the Japanese privy council, to the American Unitarian association. Mr. Kaneko advocated Unitarianism as the best religion for Japan. Ho had been graduated at Harvard college, and during his student life had become, lie said,.acquainted with Christianity as exhibited by the Unitarians, and while it differed in no essential respect from Buddhism, iis preachers showed more life. For this single reason he hoped that the Unitarians would enter Japan in earnest, and aim especially to make adherents from the upper classes. Mr. Kaneko said: “The civilization of Christendom is reaching high tide in our country, the great world current is sweeping through Japan. The original Buddhism is not strong enough to resist the power.” Dr. Greene would agree with this, as indeed would every one familiar with the Japan of today, and it only emphasizes that this is Japan’s golden day. As to Mr. Kaneko’s slur that the present forms of Christianity adopted in Japan touch only the ignorant, Dr. Greene says, conclusively, that over one-half of the membership of Christian churches in Japan is made up of Samurai, the old sol* dierclass, now the literary class of Japan. Thirty students in tho Imperial university are avowed Christians. In one single church there are a judge of the supreme court of Japan,a professor in tho Imperial university, three government secretaries holding offices scarcely less important than that of Mr. Kaneko, and members of at least two noble families. In other churches the same thing is true, notably so in tho Presbyterian churches of To-kio. But if not, still it is one of the aims of Christianity to reach chiefly the common people. It happened once before that not many noble, not many wise were called. Let us emphasize this, that this is tho day of Japan’s salvation, if we American Christians are true to Christ. (MMM. CAUSES OF THE LOV PRICES—flBRAT £X-TEHTION OF COBH FBODOCIHB ABEA Abundant Yield Generally—Slight Export Demand—Ratio of Home Consumption Diminished—Effect of Lower Rates. Editor Hawk-Eye:—Corn is cheap. The farmers of Iowa, Nebraska and | Kansas, saying nothing of the states far ther east, are complaining of the slight j compensation they are able to realize for their labor in producing their respective shares of this as well as other agricultural crops, during the past year. It is not surprising to find them very goner ally dissatisfied with current prices. Men I universally desire what they consider a CHRIST FOUCH YING SIN. 28, Sanity School Lhioi for Mara Ii Luka 5:17-28. Written for the Hawk-Eye. Lesson Condensed.—Jesus teaching at a private house in Capernaum; a Teat multitude, including Pharisees and odors from Jerusalem and other regions are present; four persons seek to get a palsied man to Jesus and on ac count of the throng ascend to the roof with him and let him down; their prayer and faith call for the forgiveness of sins; the Scribes and Pharisees charge blas phemy; then in answer Christ restores tho palsied man’s body, also so that he walks before all carrying his bed; the multitude praise God and are amazed and the doctors are silent. Look at the scene. There is a great, mixed rn ultitude in and about the house —likely Peter’s Capernaum home—the doctors and Pharisees of all "part* of Judea and Galilee, and especially from Jerusalem, are present. Jesus is teaching. Last lesson he was in a fisher's boat; now on the front steps of a dwell ing. Four men have a helpless paralytic on a stretcher bed, seeking to get near to Jesus. They cannot make their way through the crowd which is so intent on listening to the discourse, so they go up the usual outside stairway and let down the invalid from the fiat roof in the presence of Jesus. This is humble boldness for,ou. Three people .re »ot bienlyIJ^TnThe crowd" a man’s word whom we do not believe. So with the mere professed believer or unbeliever in the word. It makes all the difference whether we believe in God or only in geology. _Amos    Steckel. Bangles* Hates. “Beauarui twilight at aet of Beautiful goal with race well run, Beautiful rest with work well done; Beautiful grave whose grasses creep, Where brown leaves fall, where drifts lie dean Over worn out hands in beautiful sleep." We long to do great things, so we neglect Oftimes, to do the little things we The common, daily duties, while we pi—» Some grand and high effect. Rev. M. Baxter has been distributing Second Advent pamphlets in French at Calais and Boulogne. An unprecedented revival of religion and conversion of souls has taken place in Airdrie, Scotland, under Dr. Pentecost’s preaching. Christianity is an enthusiasm or it is nothing.—Seeley. Conversing with God    the soul to him.—Leighton. The Rev. C. H. Spurgeon, in a little volume entitled “TheSalt Cellars,” says:! Price for what they produce. We “These three things go to the making I may be sure that those who till the soil of a proverb—shortness, sense and salt.”! are no exceptions to the rule. The salt in a proverb is the seasoning I Whether purchasers and consumers quality. It makes the proverb palatable! 0f farm products fully sympathize with to the intellectual taste, and all the morel    ~    / .    . . .ouuainucmwci^^y or ^ inclined to condole with him very sincerely may be questioned. They probably find their advantage in the prevalent comparative cheapness. Perhaps they remember that some years since prices were exhorbi-tantly high and have no recollection of any special evidence of sympathy for consumers on the part of the farmers, and are proportionately elated at the prospect of balancing accounts. Such is human nature. So we may safely remit the selfishness of both producer and consumer to the indulgence of their common sentiment while we consider why it is that farm productions are now bringing so much lower prices in the market than have of late years been customary. It will be well enough to remember as we go along, however, that the prices now current at New York are pretty much on the same range as they were prior to the railway era Everybody is acquainted with the fact that the crops of last year were general ly, not merely plentiful, but in some instances exuberant. The crop of corn, especiaUy, was very much greater than usual. Everybody understands, aho, that abundant crops result in lower prices than follow merely average or scant production. They comprehend, too, that surplus or scarcity, more promptly and more seriously increase or diminish prices of agricultural products than those of a different character. The reasons being the uncertainty of the crop, the uniformity of consumption, the necessity of an annual product, and the fact that a lessening of price tends very little to increase the demand for food products. Men and animals consume about the same quantity whether the price be high or low. So that, an unusually large production is invariably fol lowed by an equally pronounced reduction in price. Last year’s crop of corn was very largely in excess of any previous one Of course it was to be ex pected that the price in the markets would be, as it has been, proportionately reduced. The farmers anticipated these low prices; but they complain that they are lower than they ought to be at the place of production, and that the cause of this excessive decline is the high charge of transportation to market. jkadUhis com plaint seems to be loudest among the farmers of Nebraska and Kansas. I do not know what the charges for transportation from these states may be, and consequently can form no opinion as to the justice or injustice of this charge. But the points to which I would direct attention are, first, an additional reason for the lower price now prevailing, and, second, the fact that lower freights would probably not add anything to the home price of corn. It will be conceded, I suppose, that within a very few years last past, the corn production area has been enormously extended. Nebraska and Kansas, two large states, have but recently been settled, and a large proportion of their farming population has been, since they became self-supporting, industriously improving the corn producing capacity of a virgin soil naturally suited to that product. Until last year the proper ef- likely to do its work in the head and the heart. A Christian writer, commenting on Paul’s statement that “some glory in their shame,” says: “Man fallen is but man inverted; his love is where his hatred should be, and his hatred where his love should be; his glory where his shame should be, and his shame where his glory [should be].” This is a clear and lucid statement of Paul’s idea as found in Philip iii, 19. Happy is the man who, having secured an interest in God’s gracious providence by becoming a spiritual child of God through faith in Christ, rolls all the burdens of his heart and all the trials of his life upon tile Lord who careth for him. God is to that man’s soul “the God of all comfort.” Tile attitude of his mind makes him happy in God. He is calm, Sereno and self collected when otherwise lie would often be extremely miserable. “The secret of Lord” is with him. In not a few churches there might be put up a sign, “No conversions expected here till winter.” In the prayers offered at the Long Island association last week on two occasions there were petition* presented for the ingathering of souls “the coming winter.” Evidently the brethren who thus prayed had no thought of the likelihood of conversions at the present time. In this style of prayer they were, however, only indices of the general mind. Churches have become so accustomed to revivals in the winter that an awakening at any other season would occasion surprise. Well would it be if they could hear the matchless voice, “Say not ye, There are yet four months and then cometh harvest; behold I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.”—Christian Inquirer. DAVID DUDLEY FI BLD A HEBO. in his conclusion that if the railroad I of their happy and prosperous condition. charges on corn are reduced ten I It is a singular fact that the? are now cents on the hundred, the price in his I complaining because Providence has •tate would be advanced an equal sum at I helped them with not only an ce- And though there was a re due I abundance, but with a supeifluity Mon recently et his request, Mid th1, iii | of genuine wealth and Oley are feeling | JEW VOLOIES'FHOM THE LEADIJ8 FOB. LISENO HOUSES. droves of sheep had been confined to Kansas and Nebraska, I think it likely that neither state would have any corn to forward to a distant market, and that the price everywhere woald now be much more satisfactory to producers _____ ^____^__      ^ than-it seems to be. If we could exclude I almost immediately followed by an eqaal I deeply agricved because* they are unable me surplus of these two states from the I reduction in the Chicago market, he in-1 to exchange their solid riches for enough general market* the product elsewhere I aists that the railroads are responsible I of that specious substitute which so would probably not much exceed the I for this, and demands that the rate be I easily takes wing and flies away, ordinary demand, and prices would be I made ten cents less on the hundred His I It is by no means certain that the low about the same as usual. And consarn-1 belief apparently is that if the railroads I price of corn west of the Missouri will ere, if they were compelled to pay more I would comply with his wish, corn would I not prove a blessing in disguise. Next for their corn, would probably have the I at once add exactly so much to the price I year that region may be afflicted with a satisfaction of digesting a superior qual-1 obtainable by the fanners at home. If I drought or blighting winds. Crops may lty of beef ana mutton. It is this trans I He is correct in his conclusion, no doubt I in c msequence prove an utter failure, fer of the production of beef and mat I the reduction would be an immense bene-1 If it should be a season of scarce proton and wool from the corn producing | fit to the farmers of his state, however it | duction, the more there is retained at A Saratoga Romance- On the Inside-Marie Bashkertstff—Black. Heels on White Necks—Morgue of the Wage Earners. region to the western pasture ranges, which, by a proportionate diminution of corn consumption, has so much increased the surplus and intensified its effect upon prices. If corn is afflictingly cheap in Nebraska, so it is in New York. If the farmers of the former com plain, those in the latter probably are as bitterly offended; for if they obtain more money they expend more •sight affect the roads But is he correct? Let us see. The assumption seems to be that market I prices are unaffected by the cost of transportation, but will remain the same notwithstanding the fact of so im portant a diminution of this cost Ten cents reduction on the I hundred would be equal to about six] rents on a bushel. If this could be added labor, aid I judge find their compensa-1 to the present Nebraska price it would forward and ready to disturb the discourse, but it is in self-forgetful simplicity and earnestness. They know that Jesus will not resent. He is going about to relieve men. This is a very public occasion. The heresy reporters are all present. Later in his life, yes, toward the very end, Jesus is asked to declare his doctrine to the rulers. He then re minds them of such scenes when he tells them that “in secret have I taught noth ing.” The first act toward the palsied man is forgiveness of sin. Seek first the Kingdom of heaven then all other things shall be added. Jesus must have had lively open air meetings in his Palestine campaigns. They were very free and informal. Anybody, even her esy hunters could ask questions. When the word of forgiveness was pronounced then the Jerusalem committee began to whisper audibly to each other that this was blasphemy ; that nobody but God could forgive sins. They were orthodox but yet were hampering orthodoxy. They were having half the truth. The Messiah was to be the “Everlasting Father.” They were nullifying their Scriptures. What next? He yields their claim but says, now that ye may know that the Bon of Man has power on earth to forgive ains I will call the palsy out of this helpless victim before me that all may see and know; and at command the sick of the palsy gets up and walks, and instead of being carried on his bed he carries it. NOW the doctors are silent, but the people get up and praise God for what was done. The unbeliever in Christ's time would not believe his own He Threaten* to Thrash a Ewen Who Hurt a Lit (la Na wa boy. Now York Mail. A queer looking little specimen of humanity with an armful of newspapers stood outside of the Grand Central depot the other afternoon, crying his wares His hair was long and unkempt, his trousers were frayed at the edges, there were patches of poverty on his little jacket, but his eye was clear and his flat toned nose showed that he was the hero of many a gutter battle. A pompous-looking individual, with his coat thrown open, a heavy cane in his hand, and dressed in the height of fashion, came swinging down the street in gorgeous style. The boy pulled one of his papers out, offered it to the swell, and was rewarded for his efforts by a thump on the back with a heavy cane. The little fellow howled with pain. The cabmen who congregate at the depot smiled, and the other boy boys laughed in derision. The swell had proceeded about three steps on his way when a firm hand grasped him by the collar, shook him vigorously, and an old man, six foot two, as straight as a grenadier, and holding a heavy malacca stick threateni ngly over him asked: “How dare you hit a boy?” The swell tried to shake himself loose, but it was no use. The old man’s hand was firm, the crowd was growing larger, and the boy was howling as though his heart would break. ’You sir,” went on the old man, as the blood mounted to his face, “are a disgrace to humanity. Old as I am, I can thrash you for that'cowardly act. And if I ever know you to again lift your hand to a boy I will take the law into my rwn hands.’’ The swell’s head drooped a little, and his face was pale- The old man looked him firmly in the eye, shook him again, as a cat would a mouse, and walked on. As he did so the little boy, wiping the tears from his cheeks, followed after and thanked him. The old man patted him affectionately on the head and disap-There was no com lion even less satisfactory than it is in Nebraska. If existing prices should be come constant, eastern farmers would be compelled to abandon its production, at all events in excess of their individual needs But I am not sure that they have not a ready reached this decision. I find that New Jersey in 1850 produced lese than nine million bushels of corn awd in 1880 only eleven million bushels. While the number of farms has increased from 23 906 in the former year to 34,907 in the latter, or about 50 per cent. As every farmer probably raises or, at least, seeks to produce, as much corn as is required for his own use, the average production must now be much less than formerly; few, if any have a surplus to sell, and t he people of the state must consequently be large consumers of the western pro duct. It    is not news    to    any    one in the west when it is stated that the    states east    of    Ohio    ere the principal consumers    of    the    vast quantities of corn which are annually transported eastward. Only a fractional portion has ever been exported. The rest is consumed within our own borders. And so it will probably always be, unless it should chance that the crops of coarse grains in    England and    the    continent should be failures and thus create an exceptional demand for corn as a substitute. It is now sufficiently evident that the great west, in a good season, is not only capable of producing, but is sure to produce, not merely enough corn to supply our home needs and whatever quantity can be profitably exported, but an immense surplus beyond all demands at a price which can be deemed satisfactory anywhere. It is equally plain that this ability to produce a surplus will in all probability continually increase. None of the states west of the Mississippi are fully occupied. Their population is multiplying most rapidly, the area of production is extending, aud, unless farmers devote their ener gies to the production of something other than corn, the aggregate product and resulting surplus, will constantly render a low price inevitable. Among settlers on new lands no great variety of production could reasonably be expected. They can grow corn and wheat and oats, and little besides. Naturally and necessarily they direct their attention to those products which require least expense and preparation Most of them do what they find immediately practicable and not what they would under more favorable conditions. And most other products demand time nd facilities which cannot at first be afforded. Bot those who have had time and opportunity to improve their farms, and to surround themselves with the necessary means for a more various culture, can no longer excuse themselves for adhering persistently to a practice they have outgrown. It is unprofitable to them and injurious to those who are compelled to follow it. They help to increase the surplus and thereby reduce the price proportionally. The simple and apparent fact is that corn is too bulky and low priced an article for production in Nebraska and Kansas with the purpose of forwarding to a distant market bv rail. A thousand miles of railroad freightage, no matter how low the charge may be, is altogether too much for such a product. The cost of transportation must always be much too great a proportion of the market price to leave any margin of profit for the pro ducer. The only justification for the practice is that of necessity. And the part of prudence is to get rid of this ne cecity as soon as practicable. Bat how get rid of it? Plainly, by finding methods of consuming as much increase it forty per that would certainly to cent or more, and be a welcome fact home of the present abu adance the more fortunate will it be for the people. 11 may be that this retention of much of last years crop, constrained though it be. may avert a vast amount of distress which, if they were induced by high prices to dispose of the whole, would then be unavoidable. In any event it seems true that the farmers of Nebraska would gain nothing if the governor’s de mand were granted.    Sigma. THS SPEC TBS PITCHES. HU ment except by the small boy, who ex claimed: “Ain* the a daisy!” He brushed the tears from his eyes and in a moment was as busy as ever selling papers. The old man was a daisy. It was none other than David Dudley Field, the great est constitutional lawyer in the world, brother of Cyrus W. and Stephen J. Field. He is nearly eighty-three years of age, but as vigorous as a man of fifty. In his young days he was a famous boxer and athlete, and the way he tackled the howling swell showed that his good right hand had not forgot its cunning. A Scrap of Paper Sa vee Hor LUO. It was just an ordinary scrap ef wrapping paper, but it savea her life. She was in the last stages of consumption, told by physicians that she was incurable and could live only a short time; she weighed less than seventy pounds. On a piece of wrapping paper she read of Dr. Stings New Discovery, and got a sample bottle; it helped her, she bought a large bottle, it helped her more, bought another and grew better fast, continued its use and is now strong, healthy, rosy, plump, weighing 140 pounds. For faller particulars send stamp to W. H. Cole, Druggist, Fort Smith. Trill bottles of this wonderful Discovery free at Henry’s drugstore. © Ledger. A lady had in her employment a young from the country. On certain occasions he was instructed to inform any company who might ring at the door that “Mrs. Blank was not at home.” One day John made this reply to a lady, went away, leaving a card feet of this large production in thesa two I as possible of the crop at home,—by states, in reducing prices was but slight- converting all they can into beef, pork. ly apparent, because the crops in the I mutton, wool, horses, mules, etc , and older regions were less abundant than by increasing the variety of other usual Corn season was inauspicious I products better able to bear the cost in the principal older corn producing I of transportation. No doubt much states—so much so that even Iowa was I is already done on this line among the to some extent dependent upon Nebraska I older settlers. But not enough. These for a portion of its needed supply. I states ought to devote themselves not Last year, however, the crop was good I merely to producing more of these mar-generally and in extensive localities very I totable transformations of corn, but the large. The result, of course, was a sur- very best of them, because the best will plus of product quite beyord all prece- pay most. Corn they have in abuu dent. For the first time in some years dance. But they will never be able to our wealth of production proves to be a furnish first class beef until they provide burden. If the quantity had been much the necessary accomodations to enable less the total excnangeable value would them to fatten cattle in the quickest and probably have been greater. Farmers I best manner. A good beef should be would have realized more money from I kept growing and fattening from earliest their salable surplus had this surplus I calfhood. In Nebraska, unless afforded proved generally muchless. Yet they will wsrm shelter in winter, young cattle confess, I presume, that a surplus at any guff ar from the culling blasts which however distasteful a price, is so much sweep over her plains with terrible vio better than none. The total product last lance. Their growth is checked, time is year is said to exceed two billion bush-1 wafted, food as good as thrown away els. The highest production of any pre-1 and cattle wUch with proper care might vious year was less than eighteen hun-1 be sent to market at two years of age dred millions. By these figures the ex-1 and then realize the highest price, are cess must be considerably more than two kept until they are three or four years hundred millions of bushels And what old and then secure a less price than a makes tUs excess still more effective in good two-year old would would bring reducing the price, is the fact that the I The farther a product must go to find crops of wheat and oats were also abun- a market the better it should bs of its dant and bringing low prices.    I kind in all cases where quality affects There is also this additional difficulty price. And as these states most always attacMng to a surplusage of corn. There dad a market for their surplus products is no foreign market for any considerable in a distant market, it must always prove part of it. Whatever quantity of wheat, most profitable to produce and forward or oats, or other grain, excepting this, I the article which commands the highest we may produce, a market for the sur price. A good beet costs no more to plus may always be found abroad at transport to market than a poor one of some price. It is not so with corn. Of I the same weight, but it will bring from course we yearly export more or less, fifty to one hundred per cent more but the largest proportion of the product money. And the good ox probably cost* in any one year was less than seven per less to raise th*" the inferior one. There cent, and the quantity lees than one hun- is always an abundant demand for the dred million bushels. And this quantity best beef, mutton and hogs, and good was taken because other grains were high horses end mules are wanted at remuner in England. In the year ending June 30, ating prices. People who farm west of 1888, we exported a little over twenty-1 the Missouri, if they expect to prosper four million bushels. And, ss wheat and I most seek greater variety in their pro-other grains are now comparatively ducts and be sure to perfect the quality cheap in all European countries, it is I of each. They should seek to consume doubtful if we can find a market for a I at home all low priced products and sub who wish to sell, market pries of corn in New free on board—which means as I understand, delivered on board ship fowl th all charges paid—is about 37 ce Aa per bushel. The price inCiicago _ about 29 cents. So that the difference between the two cities at this ate is about ei< ht cents per bushel. But the com in Ch eigo goes into elevators and the purchaser there is subject to storage charges until he can forward by lake, for it is plain that he cannot trans port it to New York and pay the charges there for eight cents. It is plain, too, that there is a supply at New York sufficient to meet all demands, either for consumption or export, for if there were not the price would be higher. But the price there has been nearly stationary for a considerable period, and there seems to be no prospect of an advance. lf there should be any important change in that market the probablities are that ti will be downward, since lake naviga-gation will soon be practicable and immense quantities will be poured into the New York market from western storage, very probably in excess of the demand at existing prices. It is fair to presume that the price now prevailing in Chicago is bssed on the prospect of real izing a profit when shipments eastward can be made by lake, or lake and rail, and the facility cf securing a supply there sufficient to meet and satisfy the eastern demand. The price there seems to be high compared with that at New York, and is high as it is simply because it is found necessary to secure a sufficient supply. A reduction in transportation rates from Nebraska, if it means anything, will in the first place result in the prompt forwarding of every bushel of corn in the possession of home buyers Before they will proffer a higher price than hitherto, they would take advantage of the low freights and push what they have into the Chicago market. They would make haste to “get there,” and realize the profit so unexpectedly placed within their reach. So that, if the amount in the hards of dealers west of the Missouri is at all proportionate to the flow already existing, the Chicago market would have a perfect deluge of corn poured into it as soon after the reduction of freights as a train of cars under quick orders could reach it It isn’t often that dealers have a prospect so alluring as that of four to six cents profit on the bushel and we may be very confident that they would make the most of it. Each would endeavor to get his corn there first, for each would anticipate a rush, and look for a decline at Chicago as soon as the supply became excessive. The evident result of so marked a reduction of freight changes thus far is simply an enormous amount of forward ing Meanwhile what is likely, or rather what is certain, to be the effect in Chicago and the other markets? The contests of the “Bulls” and “Bears” in these markets has maintained the price within a very short range for a considerable period. This indicates that the supply has been regularly fully equal to the demand. But it would be known in Chicago that the freights were to be reduced as soon, or sooner, than elsewhere, and the effect would be pretty exactly estimated in advance It would be understood that receipts, would be vastly increased at ones, that the supply would be greasy in excess of the market’s demand, the “Bulls” would all become “Bears,” seek to unload their holdings, and before the first train load of corn could reach Chicago the Inarket would be flat—there wtuld be no buyers except at prices much lower than those now prevailing, and possibly so low as quire to eliminate the anticipated profit of the western dealers A few of these might realize a small prr.fit, if their corn chanced to arrive before the market touched bottom. But, if the quantity in the hands of dealers is anywhere near what I suppose it is, there is hardly a doubt that the glut in Chicago would be very suddenly so much more than could be handled safely, that the price would recede at least as much as the reduction made on freights, and perhaps it might farther. Anil it would continue thus until the glut should be absorbed and the supply and demand equalized Then the price might advance again to something near the present. It would seem that this is about what may be precisely predicted of the markets for corn, should the transportation charges be reduced in conformity with the urgent demand of the governor of Nebraska—ten cents on the hundred. I have no suspicion that such a reduction is likely to be made, or could be made, without doing violence to the railroad companies. It is possible that something less than present charges might be practicable or even judicious. I am unable to form any opinion on that point, as has already been intimated, because I do not know with sufficient accuracy what the specific charges are from any particular locality. But I feel confident that they are not high enough to admit of a discount of ten cants on the hundred, without destruction of the railroad revenues. And I have yet to learn that such a result can possibly prove otherwise than injurious to the public aa it must be unjust to the corporations. Thus far I have been quite unable to discover that anyone would reap advantage from the reduction demanded, besides, the dealer who chances to have a stock on hand, and in his case the benefit seems quite problematicaL The producer gains nothing. The dealer will proffer no higher price than formerly while he is forwarding his stock, or A Grawsom* Tai* of th* 8 a par am tarsi from Soath Corollas. From the Atlanta Journal. I? you ever pass over the South Carolina Railway, between Augusta and Charleston* some one will perhaps ask you as you draw near the little village ofL%ngiey: “Have you seen the spectre pitcher?” Perhaps the conductor will ask you, if you are a lady, for the conductors are prodigiously courteous to the sex, and will want to show you everything, even the particular spook which only his read can boast. But if he doesn’t the train hand may, or the news butcher cr some passenger You will hardly pass Langley without having the spectre pitcher pointed out to you. Is it a real pitcher? is the first question you ask, as you see it standing -here on the post at the well. And then, in your nineteenth century doubt as to all things superstitious, you ask, has it been there as many years as you are told to believe? and is it true that no one has tried to move it? If you inquire you will flpd that a great many believe the pitcher is chained lo the spot by some mysterious power, some enchantment, and all Will tell you with slight variations, the following story: Some years ago, in a little cottage near by, lived a family that got their daily supply of water from the well, and carried it away in a little pitcher, the one that stands on the post now. One night, it is said, the supply of water gave out. A thunder-storm was raging without, but water was needed Who would go to the well and draw it amid the lightning flashes as the thunder bolts beat upon the earth, as in the battle of the Titans? “I’ll go,” said the sturdy farmer, “I’m not afraid of the lightniog.” And he went out into the storm. The wife and daughter within the cottage heard the creak of the windlass as the bucket was lowered roto the well, and again as it was drawn up. Then came a louder peal and a brighter flash, and then a rapid, whirling sound as ii the windlass had slipped from the hands of the drawer, and the bucket was rushing down lo the bottom. The two women hurried to the door. All was black. But another flish lighted the gloom, and there at the well lay tho man who had defied the s lor rn. The women rushed towards him, groped in the darkness, found his face and breast with their shivering fingers— he was dead. The pitcher the next morning wa9, found on the post. One of the neighbors who had come to bury the dead tried to life it It seemed glued. He tried again and his arm dropped palsied to his side Ever since then the pitcher has been let alone. It is said that the best marksman cannot shoot true enough to hit the pitcher or post. The cottage has been deserted, the well has caved in and the post has fallen over towards the gaping hole, where the fresh, cool water of the well once lay gleaming so near to the top. But on the elan tin g edge the pitcher stands as securely aa if it had been carved there. No one is bold enough to attempt to take the “spectre” from its lightning guarded perch._ THE WOMANLY GIRL. ‘Marie Bashkiria* ff ” the journal of s young artist, 1860 1SS4 translated bj Mary J. Serrano, author of “Destiny and Other Poems,” etc. Illustrated. New York, Cassell Publishing compan) ; paper, 50c. No wonder Mr. G.adstont wrote of this production as “a book without a parallel.” It surely has no counterpart in modern literature. The journal is a delerium of conflicting emotions, enveloping a maze of cogitations on love, religion, art and many other subjects. Marie’s quaint record of her daily life is the thread which holds all together until the pitiful end. But no description will serve. The journal must be read to be appreciated. It is a chron-'cie, the like of which ""has not before been seen. The book is No. 42. Cassell’s Sunshine Series, and will amply repay perusal from the insight it affords to the ambitious, but curiously erratic, individuality of the author. change in the economic system of the world and the employment of common sense in the adjustment of relations between the sexes. The leading lady of the drama is a type-writer girl who goes t> New York from Prairieville in qneet of knowledge relating to the world's ways. She wanted to “get on the inside of life and see the wheels go round”— and her wish is gratified. Florence Finch-Kelly wields a virile pen. That she comprehends the mechanism of the wheels moving the social world of tolyls apparent. And she has the courage to hold the mirror up to life with the evident purpose of letting the deft cts be seen and indicating a plausible corrective treatment. “What One Can Do With a Chafing )ish.” A guide for amateur cooks, by [. L S. Second edition, revised. New York: John Ireland, 1197 Broadway. Oblong 16mo, 75c. A cook bock in new cu:se, attractively compiled and containing many suggestions of value to the nousewife or the lonely bachelor who boards himself. With such a manna! for its use, the chafing dish should become a popular institution. “Black Heels on White Necks, or a ight for Supremacy,” by Angus. At* anta, Ga. C. P. Byrd, printer. The character of this screed is indicated by its dedieettoa “-to all fools of it* of “A Saratoga Romance, or A Mask of Honor,” by Caroline Washburn Rockwood, with introductory note by Lew Vsnderpoole. New York: Funk & W agnails. Paper. The authoress this purely American story, now in twelfth edition, merits the gratitude the better class of fiction readers for the success of her evident effort to produce a work free from tre objectionable features of the current modern novel Her book is a brightly written narrative of life in the fashionable circles cf the east, bat the characters are drawn iron perfectly natural models and there is t straight going simplicity of construction in the plot refreshing to the mind jaded with the wear of the “philosophical” and other tortuous tales of the age. And yet the moral is none the less strongly ad duced because of the absence of all ad ventitious aids iu the working it out. The scene is laid in Saratoga; the story is one of love sorely tried by circumstances arising from a casa of mistaken identity but triumphing in the strength of faith and reaping the joyous reward of loyalty Through jiyand through torment, through glory and thame. The “mask of honor” argues the abil ity of a woman to preserve a secret against unfair and heavy odds, and the happy denouement is made possible only by the death of the solitary villain, which furnishes the solution of a problem thai had threatened misery to all concerned “The Morgue of the Wage-earners; or Jerry Sly’a Republic,” by Hon. W. H Stanton, Scranton, Pa., published by the author. Paper. An allegorical treatise on the evils of misapplied wealth and the corrupt power it is able to secure iii the contest between cipital and labor The story is fairly wed written and wil be read with interest by woikingme and others. and sympathize with the impossible—to-wit, social equality”—of the white and black. It is an hysterical and denunciatory protest against the social elevation of the colored race, written by a southern woman of more ambition to promulgate her bitter partisan views than of talent for authorship “Angus” will find her most appreciative readers among the people who prate of “chivalry” and ’honah” while they sedulously conspire to keep the African in the mire of ignorance and political debasement No in-elligent negro in the north would trouble himself to t>et:k social equality with people of white skins animated by “Angus” hearts. His self respect would suffer in the effort. “The Two 8ides of the School Question,’’ by Cardinal Gibbons and Bishop Keane, representing the Human Catholic view, and Eiwin D. Mead and Hcn-John Jay, on the American side et th* dii-cuesion. Boston. Mass., Arnold Publishing Company, 1890 Paper, ten cents. Roman Catholics, Protestants and all other citizens concerned in the maintenance of American institutions will read this eighty page pamphlet with avidity. It presents a thorough canvass of the subject of “religion and school” from both the Romanist and American standpoints, by specialists of national reputation, and should be in th* hands of every voter on the continent. The question is one of vital importance that ought to be fully comprehended in all its several bearirgi by every one who wields the ballot. A silver dime sent th* publishers will secure a copy. Spread the light! “On the Inside,” by Florence Finch Kelly, authoress of “Frances: A Story for Men and Women.” New Y,rk Sanfred & Co. Paper, 50c. Honi ac: qui maly pense might very appropriately be written of this later emanation from the author’s pen There is in it what might offend the “unco gude,” but merely because of the bold dissection made of social problems only ibis and nothing more. The writer views life through the microscope of fact, depicts it as it is, and through the utterances of her principal characters portrays a possible bet ter condition based upon a radical Worthington Company, publishers, 747 B oadway, New York, issue as No. 20 of ‘ The Banner Library,” a new and I titrated edition of Captain Mayne Raid’s popular story, “Afloat in the Fores*.. or a Voyage Among the Tree Tops.” R. II Stoddard en tributes a very interesting numoir of the captain which do** merited justice to his attributes as a man and as an author. In paper, 25c. “The Samaritan Chronicle, or Book of Joshna, the Son of Nun.” Translated from tie Arabic, wi‘h notes by Oliver Turnbull Crane, M A , member of th* American Oriental society. New Yolk: John B. Alden, publisher This is the first translation into English of this remarkable work and is made from the Arabic text direct. The Samaritan* hold the book in high estimation, but do not claim for it divine inspiration—the date it was written and its real authorship being alike subject* of mystery. The bonk contains much legendary traditional lore not elsewhere encountered aid will prove very interesting to the student of Palestine, it* history add geography It has been favorably received by Dian 8;anley, Bishop Patrick and other t mioent writers. i* guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction much larger quantity, even at the low | je ^ themselves to fimaportation charges I afterward* until he is satisfied that the | or money refunded. Price 25 cent* per VAHn * ««« wuuju UU.    uwu wh0    went    away,    leaving    a    card S* “ii.    and a promise to cell again, A* the caid the record*ofeye witnesses. Well may I handed to the mistreat she said: it be said ‘lf they believe not Moms and w“Johll# whmt did you say to the lady?” the prophets, neither they believe HI told her you were not at home ” one rise from the deed. The fond*- ]    ♦«w<tn<    j    hope    yon    did    not    laugh.” one__ mental fallacy lie* in denying divinity* The active unbelief is mid* by man reducing Drily to humanity, and then pio^dfag the Declaration of Independ end saying that all men ere created equal. No wonder a man who denies Christ's deity end divinity has no oom fort or hope in the Scriptures. He makes ■ I never “Oh, me, ma'am,” said John; * laugh when I tell a lie” Damn feel Well, Anil jet you an not siok enough to oansnlt a rice at which it can now be forwarded that our surplus of corn, aside from the comparatively small proportion we may be able to dispose of abroad, must find its market end be consumed home. There is a still further cause for a lower price, not hitherto adverted to. While our population has increased at a rapid ratio, mid corn production still more on those only which ere . moft able    to beer them.    It is    rn I this way alone that farming in the great western region can be mane Chicago price has reached bottom and he knows what it will justify him to pay. And if the market there is affected in the manner which seems not merely probable, but certain, we cannot WMy Sh# Enjoy a ma Gan aln* Baapaot •I Everybody. New York Tribune. In the hurry and artificial life of this nineteenth century there is yet cause for hope in tbe genuine respect shown tven by boors to the womanly girl. Whatever stands in the way of a girl attaining to the highest goal, that of Christian wo manhood, becomes in comparison as mere chaff. The girl who gives up lur love of home and sneers at the cares of house in order to pursue what she deem? a “higher education” has sold her birth right for a mess of pottage. She has measured her acquirements by the wavering values of this world Only when a woman is gentle and wise enough to attain to high intellectual powers, and use them, not as coarse women do, for their own aggrandizement, but as a means to minister help and hope to oth ers. has she learned the use of her power Intellectual training is like physical training—a means by which woman may receive more power for her work, in her home or in any field outside to which she is called; it is no more. Without it she may be a weak hand where she might have been a strong one, just as a woman who is crippled is unable to accomplish as much gooc. as one who is robust and strong. Yet the woman who devotes herself to intellectual pursuits merely for her own glory is not less silly or cumbersome to the earth than she who devotes her entire time to personal adornment from motives of vanity. Biti) fail to attain even the admiration of the world- The woman who has attained to intellectual heights and has not been gentle and wise enough to use the “tongues of learning to speak a word in season to him who i3 a weary”—her mission has passed her by. She has lost the sweetest pleasure of a true woman, that of ministering to and helpir g those who else were helpless and hopeless. Instead of living i nthe broad sunshine of Chris tian life she is imprisoned in the narrow cell of her own selfishness. Basalia** Armit a Salvo, The best salve in the world for cuts, bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains corns and all skin eruptions, and posi-Lres piles, or no pay required. It Reed to give refunded, box. For aalii at IT Mirv'# drug store. A Terrible Eczema One of tbe Worst Cases on Record. Seventeen Years of Fearful Suffering. Head, face and earj one solid scab. Bt dy a mass f f disease. Hair matted, Iceless, or gone. Limbs contracted and helpless Unable ti walk Gut aboi.t on hants and knees. Physicians and all medicines useless No In pa of relief rcure. At the end of seventeen years hears of the Cut.cura Remedies usee them eight weeks and is cured. N. B. This miraeuIous cure was niad-i in J annary, 1S79, and baa continued complete and permanent to piesent date, January 20, lfeOO. Cured by Cuticura. tivety cures at | prosDerouf The aoS is abundantly rich I probable, but certain, we cannot The climate reiUble to rn greet ’“*•** 5™    Ifate to“re»l£e ®r I of product*. All that is requite u labor I dacer ,111 not be_»bleJo reehze and adaptation of means to ends. The I * « aug idea that growing wheat and corn and I en gen-oats cDmprises the whole business of a|WOBla« req ^ The!the slightest benefit from the reduced v L Under dff arent conditions it certainly be otherwise. If there I repidly.^ow^i»n8impUoii_fCU tokeep|wtaW JKbeoteoletebj| pace with either. Before we invaded tun I this time. They are good and necessary,.    -    — — —    .,.    i fertile soil meet of tbe Miieourt, ell the | but other thi“« m^ooellT dreir.ble. I exceeded the eupply, it wonM be differ-meats our total I all we exported, were proaucca ny our I more profitable ana nnnT^"*im* *** — i w.    .vw.— , _ _    » _. j    i farming communities, and entailed, I for the first mint.    I    •^Bor^> all that could be offered. Under necessarily, aa enormous consumption of I The next consideration is the probable I such conditions a reduction rn freight corn. Much of this consumption is now I effect of a material reduction of trans-1 undoubtedly increase pncw paid avoided. Ptebap. firer, me quit.    J«*«?*£££. WSI out God a liar. For every page attests 1 I that “God wee manifest la I! doctor, or you retrato faom soaring ftofoqar many cattle fatted and as many sheep assumed bvtooie who Jurist that they circumstance* itiij . _ ,. -;    I    s^i&    ‘Xrsi? ^ ^7dS^fSteS £Tf£ & nome pnce    ,    I    ^    Tho    formers    of whish WW Eft you out of Wat cond!- ago. But aa enormous twenty yetis number of tim assertion that “God wee manlfoet in    now    grown    <m todflMluM W# BfiTCT foii like iotiag oa j this peen tor ms animis in eesesltkeyeua. |If tome tmmwi heri» of cattle tad I of cattie Md sheep sS    governor    of    Nebraska.    Th*    temms    of Nebraska toe to ha A D»«M* Yuk Tbs mao who courts a maid has got A bard tot. we aver. For he must ask her for her paw Then ask her pa for her. —Time. Milea* Ha* ye aaa Liver Pllla, Aa important discovery. They acton the liver, stomach and bowels through the nervee. A new principle. They speedily cure biliousness, bad taste, torpid liver, piles and constipation. Splendid for men, women and children Small est, mildest, surest, 80 doses for 26 cents Samples free at J. H. Witte's drug store When, instead of asking how much a amu has, people get to asking how he got it, the millenium will not be more than forty rods away. Sleeplessness, nervous prostration, nervous dyspepsia, dufiness, blues cured j by Dr. Miles' Nervine. Samples free at I J- H. Witte's drug store At the age of three months a rash (whk-h afterwards proved to be eczema or ealt rheum) made its appearance on my face. A physician was called Be said teething wa<i tbe cause; he prescribed some oool ng medi cine, but the sores spread to my ears and head. Another M D. was cm led. H e professed to know all about the case; called it “King’s Evil,” and prescribed gun powder, b rI rn s tone and lard mixed into a salve; but the disease con tinued. They oculi not do anything with it 7 + Another pre-scribed borax water and flour; another, linseed poultices. None I of them did me any good at all, but made me worse. The disease continued unabated; it spread to my arms and legs, till I was laid up entirely, and from continually sitting on tbe fl jor on a pillow, my limbs contracted so that I lost all control of them, and was utterly I helpless. My mother would have to lift me out and Into bed. I could get around the J house on my hands and it et,but I could not get my clothes on at aii, and had to wear a sort of dressing gown. My hair had a1' matted down or fallen off, and my head, face and ears were I one scab, and I had to have a towel on my bead all the time in the summer to keep tbe flies off. My parents consulted a prominent physician and surgeon here in Chicago (the | other physicians before mentioned were of I Bandos and Hamilton, Canada ) He said he ; could do nothing for me. He wanted to cut the sinews of my legs, so that I could walk; Cuticura It is one thing to claim to cure these great I skin diseases, but quite another thing to do it No remedies ever compounded in the history | of medicine have performed the wonderful cures daily mode by the Cuxicuba Rimsdtes, {which ore in truth the greatest skin cures, blood purifiers, and humor remedies of mod-1 arn times. CuticuAA, the great skin cure, instantly al-I lays the moat agonizing, itching, burning and Inflammation, clears the skin and scalp of I crusts and scales, heals ulcers and sores, and restores the hair. Cuticuba Soap, the greatest of skin purifiers and beautifiers, is lndis-| pensable In treating skin diseases and baby humors. It produces tbe whitest, clearest I skin and softest banda, free from pimple, spot I DIMPLES, black-heads, red, rough, cha Ilia and oily skin prevented by Cuticura but I would not Ie: him, for lf I did get better I »ou’d havo no control of them. Th- disease co tinued in this manner until I was a venteen yea-s old, and one d «y in January, 19 9, T r*-ad an account in the Tribune of your Cuticuk t Rkmeu a. It described rnJ case so exactly, that I thought, as a lost resort to give then a ti la'. When I Aret app led them I was all raw and bleeding, fr< rn scratching myself, but I w nt asleep almost Immd at* ly, something I had not d ne for years, the ♦ ffert was si soothing. Toe first morning after using it, my flesh (I had no skin only on the end of my nose) VOS a pin* color. Ntx: day it was kind of white, and I could pl&c* my hands on the sores without it being painful. In about two weeks I could «tand straiir t, but not walk, I was so weak; but my sor* s were nearly well. Aa near as I can j udge, I was cured In about s i to eight week*, and up to this date (1. e., from January, 1879, to J«nuary, 1887)1 have not been sick in any way, or have had tim least signs of the disease reappearing on me. I have an excellent appetite, have the very beat of health. My lim ha are ctraight, supple and atrong. I have been exposed to all sorts of weather witho ut the let st alima of the disease yet. Tbe only difference I find in myself is that rn/ axin is Suer, softer, and not SO bable to get chapped as la other persons*. No doubt man- persons will not believe this almost Improbable story, many will thick It grossly exaggerated. I don’t b am© them a bit if teey do. but to satisfy themselves, they can call or write to me and find out if what I have written above is true or not. Tnere are many peraor s who can testify to the wonderful cure I have received by your CCTiCTXlA Raw i dies 3722 Dearborn Bt.,    W.    J.    MCDONALD. Chicago, IIL, Jan. 30,1887. Since writing you. Jan. 30,1887, in regard to my cure of eczema in January ’.879,1 have had no reappearance of the disease insnyform, and am aa strong and healthy aa though I had never had any such disease. w. j. mcdonald. Chicago, III., Jan. 26,1890. Remedies. or blemish. Ccm cuba Resolvent, the new blood purifier and greatest of humor coles, cleanses the blood of impurities and out elements, aud thus remove# the _ Hence the Curl cub a Remedies curs vrmf species of torturing, humiliating, itching, burning, scaly and pimply diseases of th* akin, scalp and blood, with loss of hair, and SB humors, blotches, eruptions, sores, i crusts, whether simple, scrofulous or rlous, when physicians and all other: fail.    . 8oid everywhere. Price: Cuticura,ll cents? Soap, 26c; Resolvent, 11.00. Prepared by the Potter Drug A Chemical Corpora*ion, BOMA gay Send for “Hew to Cure Skin Diseases.** SI pages, SO illustrations, and too—~    ^ BABY’S Skin and 8o&£r®E2£!2j ~ tiled b J Cuticura Soap. Absolutely ;