Burlington Hawk Eye, January 19, 1890

Burlington Hawk Eye

January 19, 1890

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Issue date: Sunday, January 19, 1890

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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - January 19, 1890, Burlington, Iowa .    /w    • part one. THE BUELINGTON HAWK-EYE. pages rn Established: June, 1819.] BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 19, 1890.-EIGHT PAGES. [Price: 15 Cents per Week. THE SANCTUARY. OPIHIOHS OF THE HELMS PRESS ON IMPORTANT THINGS. r Another Attack on the Sunday Paper— The Great Need of Capable Sunday School Teacher8--A New Religions Movement. The Christian Intelligencer (Reformed) •aye:    “We believe the Christian con science ie arousing to the danger and evil of the Sunday newspaper. Already many apologize for taking it. Many take it from a constraint not altogether imaginary. The publishers bo manage the make-up of the Saturday and Monday issues as to force these who would not lose even more than a day’s news to take the Sunday paper, and some day, we hope not very distant, it will be seen that a daily paper without a Sunday edition, giving all the news, presenting on Saturday or Monday special attractions, will pay better far than one issued seven times a week. We know no business venture of better promise for some of the struggling dailes. A Sabbath respecting morning paper, even if not ostentatiously religious, would be sure of a vast patronage from people who will not take a Sunday paper, or if they do take it, do it with a protest and against their conscience. Let it be demonstrated that all the news can be gotten from a six day paper, and there is christian conscience enough left in the community to give it a magnificent support.” quiesced in only because of a desire to seek peace, and to pursue it by any hon -orable measure of compromise that could be suggested. “R is charged by members of the Prudential committee that this minute, pub lished as ‘adopted’ by the Prudential committee, and containing the phrase that, in this present connection, reached after full and candid consideration by all the members of the committee, they cordially unite,’ was never truly adopted by the committee, and does not express their unanimous conclusion. It is asserted that this minute was never even read over in committee, though at different times the different portions of it were read, and a written protest signed by two members of the committee has been put on file at the missionary rooms, against its publication as a minute adopted by the committee ” Dr. Storrs himself, in a letter published in the Independent, says of the “minute:” “In one sense it is true, as has been stated, that I wrote it, in both its parts. In another, and a true sense, it is not mine; the first part of it being applied to a different conclusion from what I had contemplated, the last part being shaped to express aa carefully and dis tinctly as possible the decision of others in which decision, except as an alterna live to something more distinctly opposed to my views, I could not concur.” THE SONG OF ZACHARIAS. Sunday School Leison, Jan. 19, Luke 1:67-80. The Examiner (Bapt.) says:    “The most earnest supporters of the Sunday school feel most strongly that its weak point is the difficulty of having capable teachers. We remember hearing aa eloquent speaker at a convention descant in glowing terms upon the ideal perfection of Bible study and expository preaching as Reen in a Sunday school claes, where scholars are grouped about a teacher and each can be individually guided. Alas, the system fails to fulfil the ideal because the ideal teacher is lacking. A pastor lately had occasion to take a claes that had been taught for years by a leading man in his church. He found them without knowledge of the simplest Bible facts, They had never heard of any Joseph but the husband of Mary. Their religious ideas were generally nebulous in the extreme. This was by no means an exceptional case. It could be paralleled in most Sunday schools. “The trouble is not easy to deal with. Volunteer teachers cannot be criticised and held to their work as salaried teachers are in other schools. The most incompetent arc the most self complacent It is the experience cf pastors and super intendeds who have carried on teachers’ meetings that the teachers in greatest need of traning could seldom be induced to attend. Some Sunday school specialists have gone so far as to advocate hiring teachers. We do not believe problem can be solved in that way.” THET LACK THE FERVENT HOSPITALITY OF THE IRISH. Mr. Wakeman Contrasts Some of His Experiences in Ireland and Brittany -Characteristics of the Breton Peasant Families. the The Living Church (P. E ) says:    “A writer in the Churchman suggests a ‘selection’ of the most approved hymns to bo bound up with the prayer book, to the number, say, of 200, with liberty to use, in addition, any collection approved by the diocesan. This would avoid the difficulties attending a large, official compilation, and secure a great liberty in the choice of hymns where greater variety might be desired With one qualification, wo are not sure but this plan would be feasible and good. We see no good reason to limit the liberty of choice to such compilations as each bishop may approve for his diocese There is no such restriction in England, and there semis to be no need of it there or here. American churchmen surely are entitled to as much liberty as English churchmen, and they ought to be able to use it as discreetly. We may still learn something from the old country, but we ought not to need to go there for an object lesson in liberty.” The Advance says:    “Dr. A. T. Pier son, of Philadelphia, has lately been speaking in Liverpool, England. He speaks of a ‘remarkable movement that has broken out amonog the young men in Kansas, Nebraska and Dakota,’ and of an ‘enthusiasm all over the northwest’ which ‘could only be compared in its intensity to a prairie fire,’ and declares that there are 4.(HK) students in the colleges of the Urit.ed States preparing for the mission field ’ It may be so. No doubt it ought lobe. But we greatly fear the perfervid Dr. Pierson has allowed his wishes to run ahead of hie facts. We have heard before of some thousands of students in our colleges •pledged to foreign missions’ but somehow they do not materialize. We would be willing to hear less about their enthusiastic pledges if we might see more proofs of the new enthusiasm. The Christian Leader (Univ.) says “We understand our esteemed contem porary, the Advance, is to Pe persuaded of the moral soundness and political sagacity of the method employed in the Elmira reformatory. It is known as the method of the ‘indeterminate sentence.’ That ie, as the Advance describes. ‘the instant a criminal is entered he is not so much doomed and damned as put on probation—the term of his imprisonment being for himself to determine in the deliberate exercise of his own moral nature and manhood.’ If he elects to reform—to which he is solicited and encouraged by the warden and keepers—his sentence will end when there is good reason to believe the reform is accomplished. This method works well in Elmira Would it not be a sound and safe method with the prisoners who go away into ‘aeonion’—inde-tennis ate—punishment ? ’ ’ Written for The Hawk-Kvs. Last week we had the soprano of Mary and to-day the tenor of Zacharias. The prose of life could not be used to introduce the Christ into the earth. It was too tame. Not only did men sing but we find that “the multitude of the heavenly host” led in the music, The gospel is the good news and was too startling to tell in the ordinary way. Extraordinary news generally has exciting head lines and sensational captions. Earth hails Jesus with a jubilee. We have a solo from Zacharias to-day. You remember that he wanted a sign from God that what was promised also should come true and the severe sign of deafness and dumb ness fell upon him for about nine months Eight days after John was born the family were not agreed as to what his name should be and the rest were about to give him, as usual, his father’s name, Zacharias, but the dumb man wrote on a tablet that his name was “John.” From this time onward Zacharias was restored to hearing and speech, and about the first thing he does is to give us one of the songs of Zion Toward spring all the birds begin to sing. The air is full of song. From every tree, house top, hill top and valley, even where you would see no singers, you hear voice echoing voice. These songsters have the inspiration of the spring of the year infallibly. Here is infallibility, if there is none in Rome Well, Zacharias, birdlike in his heart abandon toward God, “was filled with the Holy Ghost and prophesied spring, and among the things he said was, that the “Day Spring” (spring of day) from on high was corniDg (v. 78). If anybody doubts Zacnarias’ ability to prophesy, let him read and meditate on his holy classics Everything he said came true. It is true to-day. But I could not go to any knowledge proclaimed at the date of Zacharias’ that has not rotted down, even to the roots. Where is the wise? Where is the disputer of this world of his day? Where is the geologist, the physicist, the chemist, the physician, the astronomer, the machinist, the inventor, the moral philosopher, the educator, the statesman, the world of religionists? Where are their works and ways? They have perished as by a flood. Their light is gone oui. They have waxed old as doth a garment. But the song of Zacharias is fresh and new and true as when uttered. See, God ha9 visited and redeemed his people. He has raised up a horn of salvation through the house of David. John came in the power and spirit of Elias to prepare the way. Jesus followed, according to the promise made unto the fathers. We are delivered from our enemies, in Christ. We do serve God no more through fear; perfect love casts it out. Christianity is the great light to them that sit in darkness and in the region and shadow of death, and it guides individual and natural life into the ways of peace How could a poor, illiterate Galilean like Zacharias utter such a song for centuries in advance of fulfillment, of his own knowledge? How could he, with all human probabilities against him? How could he sing his way into the unseen future? Has not here God chosen the weak things to confound the mighty? The foolish things, yea, the things that are not to bring to naught the things that are? God has a mighty testimony here. He allowed all supposed wisdom of man—all knowledge by him that was gathered up to the age of Zacharias. to vanish away, so that all who were not smitten with judicial blindness or some other kind, might see the glorious light of God by comparison of the human rushlight with the Chrislian illumination that was to come. But Mary and Zacharias’ song was a duet that was to be the harbinger anc first notes of the immense tidal wave of Christian song that now reverberates through the Christian world, and laves both the shores of time and eternity in our day.    Amos    Steckbl. Va^nes, Brittany, Jan. 2, — Several weeks’ wandering in Brittany has made one characteristic of the Breton folk very plain and clear to me They are not a hospitable people. I think they represent aa opposite extreme in this particular to the kindly Irish. In all my wanderings among the lowly of many lands I was never before refused food and shelter, and if they were ever proffered and charged for, or if a slight gift of coin dextrously placed among the children was allowed, it was always as if with something akin to shame that bitter poverty prevented a full expression of the generous wish within the heart. And in Ireland, what wholehearted, tender and even aggressive hospitality is there everywhere! With delusions and snares, with devices and excuses, with finesse and monstrous lies forgivable, you are wheedled inside to the Irish hearth-stone, and p’ied with cead mille failte (an hundred thousand welcomes) if there is not enough left in and about the woebegone place to grow healthy hair on the wailing cabin pig. Bless their generous hearts, how aggressive they sometimes become! I shall never forget two instances among countless others where Irisn hospitality was illustrated to me with startling and ludicrous emphasis. I had passed the night with a peasant farmer in the region of Conamara between Toombeola and Rounstone bay. His father, a weazened but remarkably spry old man, was living with him. They were pitiably poor, and I could see that the 8cante ntertainment I had got was a sore tax upon their slender resources. On departing, as is the Conamara custom, my host and the little old man set oui with me some miles upon the road, each insisting on carrying some one of my belongings, and both, full of the est friendliness and concern, warning A Safe Investment. Is one which is guaranteed to bring you satisfactory results, or in case of failure a return of purchase price. On this safe plan you can buy from our advertised druggist a bottle of Dr. King’s New Discovery for consumption. It is guaranteed to bring relief in every case, when used for any affection of throat, lungs or chest, such as consumption, intimation of the lungs, bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough, croup, etc., etc. It is pleasant and agreeable to taste, perfectly safe, and always can be depended upon. Trial bottles free at Henry’s drug store._ Virtual H«av«a. Editor Washington Post: The version of the Lord’s prayer used by the Swedenborgian Church is not to be ascribed to a more careful reading of the original or to higher scholarship. Swedenborg himself, abstracted from his grosser self, absolutely visited the celestial spaces, and has left upon record his observations and experiences. And not he alone. Home, the great Spiritualist was more than once translated, and left us vivid descriptions of the unseen world Read him, and you will discover that there are several “heavens ” It is also within the knowledge of the writer that the “heavens” have been visited by persons of lesser note, and that distinct intimations of the conditions subsisting in the supernal spheres have been con vexed to less favored mortals. The law of gravitation is not more unchaallenge able than the veritableness of such facts as I have set forth. A Swidrnborgian, Baltimore, Jan. 5. The trouble over the case cf Mr. Coved in the “American Board” is mounting to a great height. So careful and responsible an authority as the Christian Union says: “Since the explosion which has followed the knowledge of Dr. Alden’s endeavor to set aside the conciliatory policy resolved upon at New Y~ork, a circular letter has been sent out by a member of the prudential committee to a considerable number of daily newspapers, including the Herald, Transcript, and Advertiser of Boston, and the Republican and Union of Springfield. This letter correctly states that Dr. Alden is not the author of cf the ‘minute,’ but though possibly mechanically correct in stating that it was written by Dr. Storrs, does him an injustice in that statement. The minute I Mr. William T. Price, a justice of the was made up of two statements, I peace, at Richland, Neb., was confined drafted by Dr. Storrs at different times I to his bed last winter with a severe at and for different purposes, and I tack of lumbago; but a thorough appli-with no design of combining them I cation of Chamberlain’s Pain Balm en-into one paper, a combination which I abled him to get up end go to work. Mr. materially modifies the significance of I Price says: “The Remedy can not be each separate portion. The real view of I recommended too highly. Let any one Dr. Storrs, and of at least half of thai troubled with rheumattom, neuralgia or tial committee, was, from first to I lame beck give it a trial and they will be favor of commissioning Mr. I of the ^ opinion. SO cent bottles for end the postponement was ac-1 tale by nil druggints. tn me against this pit-fall or that, and above all. that I “kape an aisy eye on he murtherm’ consthabulary,” until the moment of parting came, when their go dnegs and poverty so touched me I could could not resist the risk of offense, and while shaking the little old father’s hand, I managed to leave half-crown within it.    With a ‘whoop!” you could have heard , mile the old fellow sprang three feet into the air. He flung the money at my feet; and his hat and coat came after, n an instant he was dancing around me, delivering sundry taps and cuffloga that cracked and rung stingingly, and per-fqrce placing me in a condition of the liveliest defence. While dodging and par rying, I gave utterance to the blandest explanations. But they were of no avail. Fight I must. Fight I did. Wholly on defense with the old man, whom I soon tired out, the son took up the affair, depositing his jacket upon the road wail, and spitting upon his hands and cracking them together with a terrible report. I must own they both fought fairly, and with many kindly injunctions and warnings; and we had it there on the old stone road until the dust hid the spectacle from the rest of Ireland. But I was the best trained, best-fed man and, though ashamed to say it, “bested” the two of them until tears of admiration ran down their generous faces, and shrill and pathetic torrents of oratory thanked me for the added entertainment I had given them, while “Luck go wid yez!” and God’s blessings on yez!” reached me aa far as I could hear along the pleasant way. But I offered no Irish peasant money for his hospitality after that. In the other experience I was not so fortunate. I was tramping down the Boyne from Navan to ancient Dioghedo by the sea. Full of loitering and revery I had paused at a canal lock beside one of those lovely Boyne cabins set like a bit of cameo against the emerald of firs and onyx of black cliffs above. Beyond, across tim Boyne stood the ruins of the De Lacy castle of Dunmoe, below, a picturesque old mill. The whole place is always instinct with olden glories, and “* * from the mossy whesl That Hashing plays ’neath ^id Dunmoe An ancient sound doth steal.” While leaning on the old lock and drinking in the beauties of the spot, a tall gaunt Irish woman appeared in the door of the cabin. I must come in and res by the fire, she said. I thanked Jier but declined, as I felt I must hasten on. It was a long walk to Drogheda, and I wanted to get the evening train for Belfast. 8ure!y I would step in and have a sup of posset. No, I would move on Then the old woman came out and con fronted me. A whole column of this journal.would not hold her blarneyings and wheedlings to induce me to honor her by partaking of her hospitality. But I withstood them all, bade her good luck and good-day, and started down the toll path In a twinkling the old dame was beside mo. In another instant her lively leg had described a semicircle that would have done honor to a Cornwall wrestler. My own legs went spinning into the air, and my body, like that of poor McGinty, sank like a plummet within the canal. When Larose there stood the old woman, her face filled with kindly and anx ious concern. She clutched me: dragged me to the bank; lifted me out as easily as though I had been a household cat ; carried me into her cabin and set me before a .cheery peat fire, and for two mortal hours, while drying me out filled my body with food and my memory with such evidences of Irish hospitality as I can never forget. I missed my train at Drogheda; but I learned at the lock on the Boyne to never refuse proffered hospitality in Ireland. You will never have anything of the sort to learn in Brittany. Call at a roadside cottage here and ask for shelter and food for the night, and the whrie family will crowd into the door to obstruct*your passage, Then they will silently and sullen! v look you over. Whither from? Whither bound? If a foreigner, they are even shrewd enough to demand your passport. No vagabond, deserter, nor ticket-of-leave man will they harbor. Finally assured you are none of these, they set about bargaining for the last sou they can wring from you. The food you are to get to the very color of the coffee is set powerfully against your money. Their own poverty, their bewildering number of children, the lonely road to the nearest village inn, the fact that at the next cottage they would probably murder you ss well as take you in; all and much more is set forth to make your bargain a hard one. So, too, the toothless old peasant hag-mother while eyeing you askance, croons to her hunbrad a running fire of objections to the arrangement, a few of which set you down to your face as a villainous German spy; some wretch that has cheated the gibbet; snd certainly no less than the thief of Breton horses who was caught and flogged at the last bone fair at La Folguet They are shrewd these simple folk, lest your appearance belie your ability to pay; but the lugubrious transaction once settled, and a few sous scattered among the children, which are immediately snatched away and hidden in the farmer’s strong box, the atmosphere suddenly changes. You are the guest now. All the inn-keeping politeness, suavity and attention of Paris itself are yours; and until you leave, every soul in the cottage puts every other duty aside to minister unto your wants and comfort. A Breton peasant farmer’s home is one of the strangest compounds of filth and cleanliness to be found in the whole world. There is nat a cabin in all Ireland so embedded in dirt as is every Breton farm cottage. The pig roots before the doors,bunts and haunts atwill within the same peaceful atmosphere as the household at night. Goats and fowls are on precisely the same footing as all other members of the family as to occupancy of the home, and the cow. donkey or norse looks calmly in upon all the household proceedings from its “lean-too,” and breathes content upon you from its open manger above your box bed In winter and summer the walls of the cottage form convenient stalls for other animals, if the farmer possesses them, or steam with the fumes of piles of decaying manure. To the farmer these bring his wealth, and it is more preciously cared for than his wife or children. Numberless farm-homes I have visited were scarcely accessible through a narrow isle to the door, the only windows being boarded up and covered over with the vile stuff that it might be better guarded and none go to waste. Upon this is piled all garbage and refuse from the scanty living, until the place has the appearance of a western “dug-out” with its entrance through a hole in the hillside, and the smoke from the fire-place ascending through a hole cut higher up along the hill. The floor within is the bare earth; worn by feet and baked by fire to the consistency of asphalt. It is kept swept clean and smooth by tremendous osier brooms which perform like service in the adjoining pig pen and cow house. There is but one fireplace, and all the cooking for man and beast— for the wise Breton farmer takes’as much pains with the food of his animals as he demands for his family—is done within it, in and upon huge brass and iron utensils that would be difficult for you or I to lift. Above each fireplace will be found curiously carved crucifixes, many I have seen being marvels in hand carving, and bright, colorful pictures of the saints, or the “stations” of the sacred passion. There is but one room. A table of some hard wood is built on four huge posts driven into the ground, and in this table will be found permanent cavities, carved out of the top. which answers as receptacles for food. Into these the smoking contents of the casserole are poured, and the family fingers fish for the morsels, and the family mouths suck up the broth, of the daily etuve or stew. Black bread sops up what cannot be drunk and thiB, varied by occasional draughts of whey, with still less frequent mugs of black coffee, form the Breton peasant’s constant diet. Vegetables are sparingly used. These are boiled for the cow and the pig; for every earthly possibility in food beyond that which will sustain human life must go into something which can be sold and increase the family hoard. Along the sides of the walls will be found a most curious collection of bureaus and strong boxes, or chests. It is not unusual to find in the lowliest cf Breton homes, and standing in state upon the bare earth,bureaus and dressers of the richest woods and in most won-dei ful carvings of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. One old piece which I found in a peasant’s home near Carnac was made in the fifteenth century, and its maker’s name and the date were cut. in wood as a part of the splendid floriture carved in the two outer posts. This bureau must have weighed four hundred to five hundred pounds, and would have been worth as many dollars at a collector’s in Boston or New York. The locks on all these pieces of furniture are immense in size, made by hand, and hug8 drop-han-dies are of hand-wrought brass. I know of no country whose peasantry are so singularly rich in ancient furniture. It is prized as heir-looms, but the owners of many of these venerable objects claim that the most of these rare pieces orig inaily came from the old castles or manors now in ruin and decay, At one end, or the side, of the average Breton home are a half dozen of the universal box bedsteads Hanging from the roof, to be lowered at night, and raised by day, are two or three boxes, or osier-plaited, cradles called “bransels,” in which the infants are stowed away at night, the only care they ever seem to receive. Near the beds are various strong boxes with huge padlocks. These contain provisions, the farmer’s hoard of money, and they will also serve as seats. Near the table already described, is another table of huge timbers but lesser size. On this stands an osier cover as large as, and looking precisely like, the ancient willow bee-hive of our own ancestors. A cord runs from this to a ring in a rafter, and thence to a peg in the wall, within reach of the house wife’s hand. The first time I saw this affair swung creaking into the air I was startled. Its office is to cover the Breton family loaf.” But what a loaf it is! From two to three feet across it, and from eight to ten inches thick. “Hunks” are hacked off as hunger wills, and so ravenous is these peasants’ appetite that a loaf of this size lasts the average family no more than two days. But out of these surroundings and conditions come to the fetes, “pardon” and fairs, the clean est and brightest peasant-folk your eyes ever beheld. Though every drop of water is brought from the roadside fountain, or village well, in brown ewers upon young women’s heads, enough is brought to souse the youngsters often and well, and man or woman of the Breton farm fam ily knows no sense of shame in bathing before the fireplace and your own wondering eyes, if the set time for body scrubbing happens to arrive while you are billeted with the family. The huge brasses upon the rare old furniture in every Breton home are constantly pished to a dazzling brightness, Cleanliness of person is a part ef the Breton’8 religion. Every cook ing utensil is scrubbed and scrubbed alarmingly. The pains taken with milk, butter and cheese would astonish even a Mohawk Valley housewife. While the outer work a-day clothing may shine with greese or grain added eight and substance from layers of filth, the undergarments are scrupu lously clean and sweet. And you can not find a bed in all Brittany whose linen is not as fresh as a bed of violets and white as a bank of newly fallen snow. At home the Breton peasant is a sullen, sodden drudge. The only exception is in the master of the house who gravely stands about and while puffing his long slender pipe, is ever a quiet but effective driver of his family of willing slaves. The wife and children, and especially the wife and daughters, ceaselessly drudge with the almost in conceivable bitterness of manual labor about the home or in the fields. They are beasts of burden endlessly. No respect or consideration is ever shown the women of Brittany. “Once married ever a beast,” is a pathetic proverb among them; rad there are no beautiful women among these peasant slaves. Some of the men have good forms, rad they are tall, shapely, grave rad fine. Seme even possess classic faces intensified by their long, coarse hair rad wide, black, low-crowned hats. But a Breton peasant woman is a shapeless Wack of ii shoes giving her limp and lifeless form grotesqueness but never picturesqueness and interest. Yon have seen the Deafen, half-fed donkey as it caught a moment for rest spresditslegs for support and dropits head upon V rough old breast? That is I MEMORIES OF NAPOO, ILLINOIS, THE OLD Inured the neares human “Angel Brittan marvel that y-»u ne cture one can give of this e. Standing before Millet’s itnose who have never seen Ad its people exclaim, “What devotion the artist has put in Jant woman’s posture!” I tell has drawn with infinite realism the universal posture of these dumb and sodden beings, the endless legacy of brutal slavery, dolor rad pain. Edgar L. Wakeman. tant states send to Nauvoo for their wine Much of it is exported A visit to this quiet city would interest the lover of history. He must needs fall into good hands, and, once having a kindly and intelligent guide. MORMON STRONGHOLD. may spend a day most pleasantly Nauvoo, “the beautiful.” Gentile. A BY-WORD AND JEST. THAT IS THE WAY A GREAT NATIONAL OUTRAGE IS TREATED khami, [The Rise and FaU of Mormonism at Nauvoo—The Temple and the Public Buildings—Death of the Prophets—Flight, Etc. To Toras, USA Mexico California ChMp. When you make your trip to that perpetual and delightful Summerland, California, or if you intend visiting interesting and newly developed Mexico or the winter resorts of Texas, take the Missouri, Kansas and Texas railroad. The M., K. & T. railway sells round trip tickets to California, Texas and Mexico, having long limits and stop-overs enroute at very low rates. Among the many inducements the M., K. &T. railway offers to the intending Texas, Mexico or California traveler are the following: Its lines pass through the states of Missouri, Indian territory, Texas, Old and New Mexico, Arizona and California, thus insuring during the winter season, quick time without delays and ideal summer weather. All those who have traveled do, and all those who have not will, appreciate the many advantages and conveniences to be found in the celebrated Pullman Buffet Sleeping Cars which are run on all trains of the M. K. & T. railway, thus insuring to all a comfortable and pleasant journey. The attention of each and every traveling salesman is called to the field offered for the disposal of his goods in Texas, so that by taking the M., K & T. railway and reaching its principal cities, a profitable trip is bound to be made. For tickets visor general information regarding above, call upon your nearest agent or address Gaston Mealier, General Passenger and Ticket Agent, Sedalia, Mo. Cur* for iBfluDza. Chicago, Jan. 15, 1890. Editor Hawk Eye:—Dear 8ir: The article below has been published in the Chicago News, Jan lith, and something similar in the Tribune. As the common oil of eucalyptus referred to is only fit for mechanical purposes—vid: Berlin Clinische Wochens-chrift, Nov. 1889, and causes dangerous disappointments when substituted for volatile extract, produced from the leaves, I am entrusted with the request of asking you to reprint the publication, with or without this letter, in guidance of the medical profession. Yours respectfully, Sander, M. D. C Sander, of Chicago, writes:    “It surprises me that in no public reoort reference is made to the pure volatile eucalyptus as a cure of the influenza, which has become epidemic in Europe rad recently in a good many parts of the United States. This was employed by Prof, Dr. Mostler, director of the medical clinic of the university at Greifs-wald, Prussia, with the best results, in influenza, hay fever, diphtheritis, catarrhal affections of the nasal mucous membrane and the deeper lying mucous membrane of the trachea and bronchi. Prof. Dr. Schulz, lecturer on pharmacology at the University of Bonn, Prussia speaks likewise in the highest terms of the virtues of that drug in the complaints named. During my stay in Australia, where the use of pure volatile eucalyptus extract (the volatile oil of the leaves) has become familiar, I took particular interest in its manufacture. The article there universally in favor is manufactured at Sandhurst, Victoria, aud exported to all parts of the globe. It muet not be confounded with the common terebinthinous eucalyptus oil or wood oil. How’s This I We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by taking Hall’s Catarrh Cure. F. J. Cheney & Co., Props., Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe him perfectly honorable in all business transactions and financially able to carry out any obligation made by their firm. West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. E. H. Van Hoesen, Cashier Toledo National Bank, Toledo, O. Hall’s Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Price, 75c per bottle. 8old by all druggists. A Foil Ural Phenomenon. St. Paul Pioneer Press. A most extraordinary exercise of the appointive function took place at Madison, Wis,, yesterday, Governor Hoard, republican, appointed Robert G. Sie-becker, democrat, to succeed the late Judge Stewart on the circuit bench. The leading candidate for office was H. M Lewis, republican, to secure whose appointment Mr. Siebecker was putting forth his best endeavors at the very time he himself was made the recipient of Governor Hoard’s favor. Have all the old established political customs and traditions in Wisconsin gone drunk? praay Wisdom—Pound Folly. It is foolish to save the little that Sozodont costs, and suffer what will result in bad teeth and large payments to dentists. Place a bottle of it on the toilet, use five drops only of it every time after eating, cleanse the mouth, and show your wisdom. A MI ti eau bi ClrBumatmara Texas Siftings. Lady—Who is that fellow who comes to see yon every evening? Bridget—He is a gin Beman who is engaged to me; but I’m thinkin’ of telling him not to come here ray more, mum. He talks to much. “About whom?” “About yourself, mum: he says you are the most beautiful lady in the city. He doesn’t seem to be such a bad man after all. I guess you can let him call once in a while. Merit Win*. We desire to say to our citizens, that for ear we have been selling Dr. King’s lew Discovery for Consumption, Dr. King’s New Life Pills, Bucklin’a Arnica Salve and Electric Bitters, and have never handled remedies that sell as well, or that have given such general satisfaction. We do not hesitate to guarantee them evegy time, and we stand ready to refund the purchase price, if satisfactory results do not follow their use. These remedies have won their great popularity purely on thier merits. Oso. C. Henry, Druggist __ Nothing is thought of a coil of rope I on shipboard until some one says, “It lays over the deck,” rad then all the passengers want to see it—New Orleans I Picayune. Special Correspondence of Th* H awk-Bti Nauvoo, 111., Jan. 17.— Notwithstanding all that has been written, true and false, of Mormon ascendency and decline in Illinois, there yet remains an unwritten history of much that would interest and instruct the people. It is not the intention of your correspondent to give in detail the history of Mormonism at Nauvoo or in Hancock county. That may be the duty of some future article. Joseph Smith, with possibly one or two confederates, founded the religion of Mormonism in New York state in about 1823. In the ten years that ensued a large following had been secured, and in 1833 Smith, with the main body of his church, moved to Missouri. A colony was also formed at Kirtland, O., where a temple was erected, a bank established, and a town built. For many reasons the Mormons were finally driven from Ohio and Missouri, and, in 1839 and 1840, the entire body came to Hancock county, in this state, locating at this place, which was then known as “Commerce.” Here it was determined to build a mighty city—the great place of gathering to Zion. Here the temple and other sacred buildings were to be erected and “the work of the last days” was to begin. How nearly and perfectly were these plans carried out is told by the most indifferent history. A temple, costing in toil and treasure over one million of dollars, was erected. Many really fine and substantial buildings for the use of Joseph Smith and his apostles were built almost in a night. Almost twenty thousand devoted people had gathered at this beautiful spot on the Mississippi. With one accord, in one faith bound and sealed, they labored to build up a mighty city. And had it not been through the treachery and rascality of their leaders these people, many times in number multiplied, might new be living here, rulers and kings, each one, over a great city. As might be expected, the advent of so many people into the state and county gave them a power politically that was courted by unscrupulous cliques of both parties. Even the state legislature granted the Mormons a special charter for their city. Favors both social and political were extended to them. Possibly the Mormons as a mass would have been content to live quietly in their beautiful city holding themselves amenable to the laws of their country. But so long as they had followed Joseph Smith through trials and tribulations, they were yet blind enough to follow his mandates in the new Zion. And, as in other places, they came to grief. On June 27, 1844, their prophet was slain by an angry mob in a jail at Carthage. Soon afterwards they went to war against the state and municipal authorities. Finally they were driven from the beautiful city they had builded. The torch of vengeance wa9 applied to their homes, and upon another day. smouldering pyres told the pitiful story of destruction. On the bleak Iowa prairies, in the chill of winter, ' innocent women and children perished, while starving and heart-broken men looked across the rolling waters at the smouldering ruins of their Zion. A few years thereafter the temple, all that was left to tell the story of former greatness, was burned by the hand of some unknown miscreant. This epoch in the history of Nauvoo was followed by another, but one more brief In 1849 a body of Icarian French communists settled at Nauvoo. They purchased the temple site and ruin, built a schoolhouse, and made some pretentions to rebuilding the almost destroyed city. The colony, however, proved to be a failure, and the main body of Icarians sold out and went away. Those who remained es tablished an industry which to day, it may be said, is a very large and profitable one. Of the cultivation of grapes and making of wine short reference is to be made. There are yet remaining in this place a few buildings erected by the Mormons in the early days. Time, However, has not dealt gently with them. The old Mansion house stands sheer upon the waters’ edge, and, to a casual observer, looks to be a new, unfinished structure. It was originally intended to be a magnificent building, but ’ere this design was carried out the prophet’s untimely death, the Mormon war, and the hasty hegira from Nauvoo of the Mormons, prevented the completion of this and other contemplated structures. Those buildings of note yet remaining, but in a dilapitated condition, are. the tithing house, the Masonic temple, the mansion house, residences of many of the apostles, and some other houses of less importance. The temple site is now occupied by a barnyard. When the Mormons fled from the city they took with them all sacred insignia pertaining to the temple. The huge baptismal fount which rested on the backs of twelve gilded oxen, carved from Italian marble, was utterly destroyed Relics of this magnificent piece of workmanship, with other portions of the dismantled temple, are in possession of several of the older citizens. The heads of several of the oxen ornament the stone entrances to wine cellars that are located in and about the city. Reputable and intelligent pioneers of Nauvoo have imparted to your corres pondent reminiscences concerning early Mormon days, that furnishes sufficient material for more than one paper. Dropping the question of polygamy, that is said to have shown its serpent-like head plainly under the “revelations” of Joseph Smith, we may speak of the “Kona of Dan”—the mysterious band of “Danetes” who really existed and were sworn to obey the cruel commands of Smith and his chosen twelve. Of their deeds much has been told. It is said that there were several subterranean passages leading from tim temple and from Smith’s resi dence to places of safety without the Whit the Kell ii on of Jara* Did For BB A lr I CBB Savage. World Wide Missions. One would scarcely expect to find a South African chief worthy the names of hero and Christian gentleman; yet Khame, one of the principal rulers in Bechuanaland, has fairly earned both titles. * ‘The wagons need not be watched now,” said one of the Border Police to a traveler there. “We crossed into Khame’s country last night, and none of his people will take away anything.” For Khame shows, as a ruler, the same sterling integrity which distinguishes him as a man He was born about 1830, says a writer in Murray's Magazine, and was the legal heir of Sekhome. of Snoshong Early in life Khame was converted to Cnristianity, and soon became the victim of his father’8 persecutions. Having refused to assist in the celebration of certain heathen rites, he incurred Sekhome’s displeasure, who vented it first by commanding him to take another wife The young chief refused, and though for ten years the struggle went on, he was always loyal to Mabsia, whom he had married for love. “I refuse on account of the Word of God,” was his constant answer. “Lay upon me the hardest tasks you can think of, as trials of obedience, but do not ask me to take another wife.” Treachery and plotting on his father’s part were met by Khame’sunfailing selfrestraint and filial reverence. One night an attempt was made to murder him in his nut, and this so incensed the tribe that they revolted in his favor, and Sekhome was compelled to flee. Khame sent for him, however, and respectfully restored to him his chieftainship, making only the stipulation that the question of a second marriage should be dropped. At another time, the chief awoke to find fires built in his court, and wizards dancing about, chanting curses for his destruction. Some remnant of the old faith may have made him tremble, but he quietly arose, put on his magic flames and dispersed the wizards Then the tribe, feeling sure that he had been be witched, begged him to invoke the pow era of evil and spread counter spells upon his father, promising that they would support him in revolt. “The Word of God forbids me to curse any one,” said Khame, briefly, “least of all, my own father.” Then came persecutions so many and bitter that he was obliged to flee, with his fellow followers, to the mountain. Here he was besieged for two months, and Sekhome, after trying to poison the spring from which they drank, contrived to cut off their water supply entirely for eight days. Khame ordered his men not to retaliate, and sent back a horse which had been taken from his father. Finally after prolonged tribulations, the ole chief died, and Khame succeeded him. Since that time, he has ruled his peo pie wtth wisdom and loving kindness A great part of his revenue is spent in improving their condition, and, althougn he does not forbid the continuance of harmless heathen customs, his influence is great and unceasing in favor of Chris tianity. He has put down the use of strong drink, and prevented traders from bringing it into his country, and has for bidden accusations of witchcraft, and the killing of children born weak or de formed. It is said that even his foreign affairs are regulated by a policy dictated by the Sermon on the Mount When actually obliged to defeat a small band of trouble some refugees in the mountains, he ceased fighting «s soon aB their strong hold had been taken, and sent them an offer of wagons for the women and chil dren in their journey over the border. Again, when two traders, driven away from the country for valid reasons, forcec their way back, Khame sent them, under a strong and kindly guard, to the British authorities to be dealt with, instead of inflicting upon them the summary justice usually expected from the hands of a native chief. In all the affairs of life, public and private, he has proved himself a thorough Chrisri&n and a blameless Knight. •J the Representatives of the Sooth at Washington Who Enjoy the Fruits of the Disfranchisement of the Colored Voters. Correspondence of Tin Hawk-Ey*. Washington. Jan. 17.—Hon John Allen, of Mississippi, is one of the wittiest members of the house cf representatives. Here is one of his stories concerning southern outrages:    “It    is    not true, ’ he said, “that the negro doe* not have a chance to vote and have his vote counted as cast. There never has been any intimidation of negro voters in my state. On the contrary, we do all that we can to get them to the polls and induce them to vote. They are generally ignorant and have no idea of dates rad places. Th*y forget when election day comes, and where the ballot boxes are ocated. In order to help them remember we plant cannons at each polling place the night before election and fire off several rounds to let the negroes know that there is to be a free, fair election on the morrow, and it is an actual fact that even then they prefer spending their election days in the swamps rather than at the polls ” Fellow citizens, the abuse of the elective franchise, by the elimination of the votes of over a million citizens, has become ”0 longer a matter of grave consideration at the national capitol: but is become a by word and jest. The negroes are given to understand, as in the recent case at Jackson, Mississippi, that, if they come to the polls, they will oe snot down like dogs; and hence, they do not vote. Each black voter sees before hffn the spectre form of poor Print Matthews, of Judge Chisholm, and of other republi cans white and black: and, seeing those spectres hovering over every voting place, they dare not risk their lives, and hence remain away. It is a matter of common acceptation, long past the stage of rumor or repair©! proof, that the negro vote in the south is suppressed. This being the case, there should be some legislation which will cut down the rep resentation in congress from that section. Only voters should be represented. Do you know that the state of Georgia cast only 25,000 votes to elect ten congress men, while the state of Wisconsin casting 400,000 voters, is only entitled to nine congressmen. There is the infamy of thi9 southern outrage business. It not only outrages the black citizen of the south, but it outrages the white citizen of the north. The vote of a Mississippi democrat is worth eight times as much as the vote of a Wisconsin republican. The same ratio and proportion exists all over the country. The white people of the north who have indifferently and listlessly looked upon the outrages which have been perpetrated upon the negroes of the south, will be less than men if they do not resent and remedy the outrages which makes a southern vote so much more valuable than a northern vote. If the negroes are not to be allowed to vote, they should not he counted in the census as citizens. Whoever sits in the gallery of the house or senate, must notice the disproportion in representation. For example: The state of Texas which casta 275,000 votes elected eleven congressmen, and there they sit in the house; while the same state, with only 275,000 votes has two ex confederates in the senate. The state of Iowa has only eleven representatives in the house, and two senators, yet that state cast 370 OOO votes for congressmen. The same parallel may be drawn between the various states, and the proportion will always be even worse than tho comparison between Iowa and Texas; because, in Texas, the white democratic vote is quite large. FJEBSON AI. 8. Andrew D White, formerly president of Cornell University, is mentioned as the successor of the late Henry R, Pierson in the Board of Regents. Henrik Ibsen has a favorite seat in a Munich restaurant If he finds it occupied he walks up and down, shaking hiB fists at the intruder. Ibsen has a very hot temper. John Watts Kearney, son of the famous Gen. “Phil” Kearney, has resigned as inspector general of the National Guard, of New Jersey, on the staff of Gen. Green. Queen Victoria has made a baronet of Sir Albert Sassoon, who recently entertained the Shah of Persia magnificently in London His enemies say that he should be Baroni Bassoon. Stanley long ago received the freedom of the City of London, but not the golden casket in which the parchment is con tained. That will be presented to him on his return this month Dr. Talmage is to be welcomed home upon his arrival, about February I, by a great public meeting in the Brooklyn Academy of Music, over which the May or will be asked to preside It is claimed that no officer in the United States Navy has participated in a greater number of battles than Rear-Admiral Melancthon Smith. He served in the Mexican and the civil war. Sims Reeve?, who is now fiS, has suspended his farewell tour through Lag land on account of bronchitis. This pop ular English tenor has now been making farewell tours, by actual count, for twenty years Cyrus W. Field is now three score and ten years old, but still in active business life. His first employment was as errand boy for A. T. Stewart at 12 a week His duties required him to open and sweep out the store The Rev. Heber C. Newton told his congregation Sunday that a distinguished rector once said:    “To be successful in the ministry in New York requires somewhat of the grace of God, but also a lit tie spice of the devil-” Admiral Wallis, who was a midship man on the Shannon when she fought the Chesapeake off Boston, has just reoov city limits to be used by the prophet in I ©red from the grip, although 99 years off Do you suffer with catarrh? You can be cured if you take Hood’s Sarsaparilla, tile I great blood purifier. Sold by ail druggists. Charley—“How in the world, Gawge, do you manage to ara with that single eye-glam of yours?” Gawge—“My desk fellah, I see with the other eye.”—Boston Poet and canny, these simple folk,    and they will make you very,    very I peasant woman la a shapeless block cfi    The proprietors cf    Kiy’s Cremm Balm do not miserable unm the price is    mt I wood, wrinkled and beet by atomy wind I rad paid downin hand, for they will not I rad weather, her spotless white cap, I aootiltpid or    a snuff, but is easily applied trust you with the sum until morning, I her shapeless bodice and her wooden! into the nostrils, it fives relief at case of sudden danger from attack or arrest . Many stories are told in connection with the hegera of the Mormons from Nauvoo of bravery and devotion the part of the women. No doubt many an unwritten romance lies at the tongue’s end of the few rugged pioneers who heard the trials of early Mormon days in Nauvoo and lived through all the harrowiag scenes of the past few years of Mormon reign. There are yet a few Mormons in Nauvoo and quite a number in Hancock county. While still clinging to the faith, they are quiet and peaceable citizens. So the eager stranger will find the once famous city only a sleeping village. If he goes there in the early fall season he will be rewarded with the sight of acres of vineyards ladened with choicest grapes. Tons upon tons of the luscious fruit are shipped to distant points. Hundreds of barrels of wine are made yearly. Then he should visit the massive wine cellars where are stored the treasures of years. The rich men of the dis age. A disease that can’t knock out centenarian is not entitled to respect. Gen Spinner, ex-Treasurer of the United States, now 90 years of age writes from Jacksonville, Fla., that he is sorely afflicted. He is almost blind. He says; ‘ Can just see with great effort to write, but can’t see to read my own writ ing.” Mr. Henry H. Kitaon, whose model for a statue of Farragut has been ac cepted by Boston, has received gait medals for his works from the Queen OI Roumania and several art associations and from the King of Roumania the croes of the Legion of Honor. Travellers may learn a lesson from Mr C. D. Cone, a prominent attorney a! Parker, Dakota, who says: ‘I never leave home without taking a bottle of 'Chamberlain’s Colic, Cholera rad Diarrhoea Remedy with me, rad on many oc-I canons have ran with it to the relief of some sufferer rad have never known it to fail.” For sale by all druggists. The theme to which I desired to call especial attention, however, was the flippant manner in which southern outrages are spoken of, right under the dome of the capitol, where the Goddess of Liberty looks down upon the hollow mockery of justice. The illegally and unconstitutionally elected representatives from southern states, now say boldly that they do not intend to allow the negroes to vote. How long will the people of the oyal states permit these things to be? “The Southern people assert that they , have accepted all of the results of the war, but they have rot,” says Congressman Lacy, of Iowa “One of the results of the war is, that the negro shall vote and have his vote counted. Until that constitutional right is conceded to the negro in the south, it will be useless for the people lately in rebellion to say that they accept the results of the war The freedom and enfranchisement of the slaves constituted the principle results of the war, and these results must, sooner or later, be accepted everywhere.” The bill of Senator Morgan, advocating the exportation and expatriation of the negroes, meets only with derision. While it is conceded that the condition of the negroes might be better in the Congo, or some other portion of Africa; t is nonsense to suppose that there is any constitutional means of sending citizens out of the country without their consent. * Every negro in America is as free se Senator Morgan. The majority of them are better men, for they never raised either sword or musket against the flag of the Union; never acted the part of rebel or traitor. The trouble is not with the negro in the south; but with Senator Morgan and other murderous democrats like unto him.    Smith    D. Fit. Chara tori al b’s SM Skis OW- *F« meat. A certain cure for Chronic Sore Siree, Tetter, Salt Rheum, Scald Head, Old Chronic Sores, Fever Sores, Eczema, Itch, Prairie Scratches. Sore Nipples and Piles. It is cooling and soothing. Hundreds of cases have been cured by it after all other treatment had failed. 25 and 50 cent boxes for sale bv ail druggist* Rate German (to stranges who had step ped on his toes)—“Gott in Himmel! Mine frent I know mine feet vas meant to pe val keel on. but dot brivilege belongs to me ’’—Yale Record. Bitkui't /inrtra Mira. The best salve in the world for cuts, bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains corns and all skin eruptions, and positively cures piles, or no pay required. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfactios or money refunded. Price 85 cents per Vo. aaln at PTanrr*a riirisr ■tor* With but a Single Thought — Van-Duelers—“I wish I were your muff, so I might hold both your hands.” Mise Keene—“Indeed, I do, too. I think • monkey muff is real nice.”—Pack. AiJmportrat discovery, the afer, i to mach and the Mllss’Ntrrasa They act0* bowels through A new principle. [y cure biliousness, bad tie Brer, piles rad const for men, women and i eel, mildest, surest, 80 dotes for: Samples free at J. BL IffttaTf C ;

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