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Alton Review (Newspaper) - June 20, 1884, Alton, Iowa REVIEW COMPANY, Publishers. VOL. III. TERMS: $2.00 Per Tear. ALTON, SIOUX COUNTY, IOWA, FRIDAY, JUNE 20, 1884. The average ocean steamer burns about 100 tons of coal a day Telegraph wires were recently worked from Chicago to London 7,000 miles. Thirty thousand patents ere issued last year in Great Britain, against 20,000 in this country. Our nventors must bestir themselves. The destruction of plover eggs in England to gratify the greed of the poultry dealer and the "fashionable" appetite of tho rich for those dainties has been so great that fears are entertained of tho extinction of the birds. About 250,000 of plover's eggs reach the London markets every spring. The nests are robbed and robbed again until the poor birds are exhausted and ' can lay no more. TELEGRAPHIC. GENERAL NOTES. England and France have come to an agreement in regard to African affairs. France is to help England to maintain control in Egypt. How is France to be paid ? England is to help France snatch a few more sections of the barbary states, by keeping its hands off when the snatching is done. Two highwaymen would be likely to have a falling out between themselves if there were but one victim to bo robbed. "Where there are two victims they can get along in harmony, by each robbing one of them and not interfering" with his rival's robbery of the other. The general deficiency appropriation bill, which was reported to the house Saturday, appropriates $6,729,-594. The bill provides that fourth-class postmasters shall bo paid the compensation that they received prior to March 3, of last year. Of the money appropriated for the department of justice, the bill provides that no part shall be used to pay special counsel fees. The secretary of the treasury is directed at the commencement of each session of congress to report the amount due each claimant, whose claim has been allowed in whole or in part, to tho speaker of the house of representatives, who shall lay the same before the house for consideration; and hereafter all estimates of appropriations intended for consideration, and seeking the action of any of the committees of congress, shall be transmitted to congress through the secretary of the treasury and in no other manner. The isthmuses of the globe have long since received notice to quit. Engineers look upon every remaining neck of land as only affording a fine opportunity for testing thoir skill. The Isthmus of Suez was cut through long ago; the Isthmus of Panama is undergoing the operation, and now an attack is to be made upon the Isthmus of Corinth. But the supply of isthmuses is growing short, and the engineering capacity and ambition are turning to peninsulas for the exercise of these qualities. A project has been recently launched for dig" ging a canal from tho Atlantic to tho Mediteraneau, converting Spain and the adjacent portions of France into an island. It would seem that engineers have laid down a principle that all ends of a continent mistook their vocation when they did not emerge in the shape of islands. Perhaps tho birth of this modern idea is to be attributed to General Butler, who, during the war, cut a ship canal at Dutch Gap, on the James river, in the face of hostile batteries, thus shortening by many miles the navigation of that tortuous stream and conferring a lasting benefit upon all sorts of vosses that ply on its waters. It appears that the position of Congress in relation to the silver question is likely to exert a very substantial influence on tho Latin Union, which will meet about New Year to determine the future policy of the associated States. France and Italy are disposed to consider the American situation as guaranteeing American support to the status wkich the Union has for some years maintained in Europe, and the smaller states will probably-be control kd by those two principal nations. Our position is practically more than cooperation, as wo continue tho coinage of silver while the Latin Union nations have suspended tho coinage and content themselves with merely sustaining the circulation. The Union will probably be renewed for Are years, and there will be no sellers of silver among the associated States. The stock of silver in Europe is declining steadily, while its value is gradually appreciating. It is possible that if the American Congress had acted on the silver question adversely, a cer tain pressure would have been placed on tho monometallic nations in favor of silver, but our favorable attitude certainly gives aid and comfort to bimetallic nations and encourages them to maintain their policy. Henry G. Vknnor, the weather prophet, died at Montreal Sunday. The act forbidding the sale of "flash" illustrated papers in Kentucky went into effect Tuesday. The printing house of Cushing,Thom-as & Co., of Chicago, has been closed by the sheriff, on confessions of judgment aggregating $13,000. The State bank of West Virginia, with liabdities of $110,000, closed its doors Friday. The Btate is a creditor to the amount of $8,000. The trial of J. H. Hall, Bell Hall (his wife), and William Ferriss, for killing Farmer McMahon and hia two hired men at Mount Pulaski, was begua Tuesday at Lincoln, 111. The day was taken up in securing a jury. Twenty-four members of the Salvation were arrested at Cleveland, Ohio, Friday night, for disturbing the peace, kept in the cooler all night, and lined Saturday morning. Judge Hutching, in passing sentence, saying tho Salvation Army had become a nuisance, and, like all nuisances, must be abated. The city council at St. Paul decided to allow the burned union depot to be temporarily reconstructed, and President Manuel of the Union Depot company, announces that passengers and trains will starti from the depot Saturday morning 'as usual. A large force is working to make it temporarily habitable. Earl Spencer issued a proclamation Saturday forbidding the Orangemen to hold a couxter demonstration te the Nationalists at No wry Sunday. Five thousand Orangemen" left London, Liverpool and Manchester, determined to hold a meet ing, the proclamation to the contrary notwithstanding. It was recently discovered that William I. Smith, teller of the First National bank of Baltimore, was a defaulter to the extent of $25,000. Smith turned over his possessions to the bank, his sister gave up a house she owned, and his bondsmen paid $10,000 to make good tko deficiency, Smith then loft for Chicago. The Louisville and Baltimore clubs played thirten innings in the latter city, during a recent game the score being tied at four each. A decision by Umpire Brennan in the tenth inning so enraged the crowd that play was stopped for half an hour. When the game was called, the mob scaled the fences and assulted the umpire, striking bina in the face and knocking him down, but the players rescued him and escorted him to the club-house. been lone. to parliament from Ath- Pkinoe Bismarck has proposed that the difficulty batween Servia and Bulgaria be referred to the mediation of Austria and Russia. Servia has accepted the proposal. The result of the Parliamentary elections in Belgium, was favorable to the Catholic Church party. Ugly rumors are afloat concerning the loss of the torpedo apparatus, between London and Portsmouth. Diplomatic relations between Servia and Bulgaria hare been severed, and war is imminent. At the Ascot race Tuesday the gold vase was won by Hammond's bay colt St. Gatien. Manton's bay mare carried second. Nine days ago the Egyptian rebels massacred the garrison at Berber, including the commander and all the European traders who remained there. DeGaieff, the notorious Russian Nihilistic assassin, has b^en arrested in Berlin, and will be surrendered to the Russian authorities. The Porte declines to appoint a deler gate to the conference unless the whole Egyptian question is submitted or previously settled between England and Turkey. The Debates comments on the agitation in England over the Egyptian question, and declares that the maintenance or rupture of relations between France and England are at stake. In the House of Commons Tuesday Lord Fitzmaurice, Under Foreign Secretary, stated that representations touching the duty of friendly powers regarding dynamiters had been addressed to the government at Washing ton. CRIME. ACCIDHNT5. Uloud-bcrsts in the Thunderbolt range in Nevada have deluged the country and washed out miles of the. Central Pacific track. Fire on the steamer Ville D'Valencia, at Point A'Pitre, destroyed 20,000 bags of coffee. The loss is 300,000 francs. 'The barn of Henry Curin, near Wabash, Indiana, burned on tho 11th, together with $3,000 worth of blooded horses. Two men wore drowned in White Bear lake. Minnesota, on Monday. One was Charles Wilson, of St. Paul, asd the other's name is not known. The schooner Fanny Fern was run down off Gloucester, Mass., Saturday morning by an outward-bound coal-carrying steamer, and feur of the crew were drowned. A fire at St. Paul, Minn., on the morn-ing'of the 11th, entirely destroyed the great Union depot, into which all the railways reaching the city center. The loss is reported at $200,000, but the amount of the insurance is not known. Afire at Salem, Mass, on the 11th destroyed Pinder & Winchesters tan nery and currying shops, one of the largest in the country. The loss is given at $100,000, only partly issured. A kerosene lamp explosion fired the building at New York occupied by Ogilvie & Co., publishers; Street & Smith, the New York Weekly firm, and G. W. Talcott, varnisher, the flames spreading so rapidly that ths occupants barely escaped, and causing a loss of $60,000. While workmen were engaged upon a gas main at Wheeling, Wva., thegv.s, which had been let on to test the joints,, became ignited by a plumber's lamp and blazed up, severely burning six men, two fatally. Points in the Allegheny valley were visited by a terrible rainstorm Friday, the creeks swelling rapidly, and carrying off bridges, lumber and small structures. A number of families were compelled to quit their homes as a measure of safety. At Helena, Montana, on Sunday, the ferryboat broke loose while crossing the river,and went over Thompson's Falls with thirteen men and as many pack animaU on board. All were drowned. The names of the men are unknown, as all were strangers on their way to the new Couer D'Alene mines. A fire at Schuyler, Neb.. Saturday night, destroyed twelve buildings in the business portion, entailing a loss of $75,-000. Tho principal losers are Sutherland Bros., furniture dealers, $12,000, no insurance; Antoine Giacommi, general store, $6,000, no insurance; M. B. Erick-son, grocer, $7,000, insurance $8,500; Peter Ronk, building-, $8,500, insurance $3,500; Mefford, Dunk & Co., hardware, $10,000, insurance $1,500; Kroner & Co., general merchandise, $18,000, insurance $9,000. Sheets of water from the clouds poured down upon Springfield, Vt., Monday for three hours, the creek swelling to great proportions and rushing in different channuls through the town, sweeping everything before them. The people fled in terror. In some places the seething waters made gullies twenty-five feet deep, and the total Iobs will reach $50,000. While tho storm was in progress wind wrecked a*karn, killing Wm. Paiker and family and injuring Bella Spaulding. cablegrams. At Bardstown, Ky., George Hughes, a hotel clerk, w?.s disemboweled by a drunken negro whom he had ordered off the premises. Tho negro will probably be lynched. Near Loveland, Ohio, iomo cars of a Cincinnati, Washington and Baltimore train were wrecked by a rail having been removed. A necro name A William Scott has been arrested. IN a difficulty at New Albany, Miss., between Mayor Reeves and a desperado named Lloyd Ford, in which each'flred five times, the latter was mortally wounded. Sixteen tramps vacated a freight train at Princeton, III., early Friday morning, and, after selling several new rings and revolvers, filled up with whisky. Iu the afternoon two of them engaged in a fight with a railroad man at the depot, and one was arresUd and taken bifore Justice Lovsrin, who gave him and bra crowd one hour to get wut of town. The mob left during the night. A young man named Marstaick, living at Tisch Mills, in Kewaunee county, 111,, remained at a dance until 3 o'clock Friday morning, and then went into his shop and hanged himself. He was discovered kanging almost immediately, but no attempt was made to cut him down until eleven o'clock, when a coro-ner'd jury was summoned to hold an inquest. A verdict of suicide was rendered. FROM THE CAPITAL. London dispatches state that the reports of the massacre at Berber are true. The Frenoh miniotor of the interior has issued a decree forbidding bull fights. Justin McCarthy's son, Huntley.has The house of representatives Tuesday adopted a concurrent resolution providing for the adjournment of Congress Monday, June 30. The house has passed a resolution reported by the committee on ways and means for an adjournment on the 30th of June. The friends of the Sioux Indian reservation bill hoped to have it taken up tonight, but the temper of the house was such that it could not have passed, and chances now seem to feo that it can not pass this session. The Commissioner of Agriculture has appointed Professor Grinnell, of Iowa, as agent of the department under the pleuro-pneumonia bill to look after the condition of cattle in shipment, and to keep a supervisory eye upon the workings of the Bureau of Animal Industry created by the bill. When the clause in the River and Harbor bill providing for the construction of the Hennepin Canal was reached in the house, various points of order were raised against it for the purpose of eliminating it from the bill, but the speaker overruled them all. The house Wedne3daymorningr)ass9d the sections of the River and Harbor bill appropriating $150,000 for the mouth of the Chippswa river, Wisconsin; $125,-OOOfor the Fox and Wisconsin rivers; $9,000 for the St. Croix river below Taylor's Falls; $100,000 for improving the Illinois river, and $50,008 for the Calumet river. The record of the Swaim court of inquiry, which was laid before the president Tuesday, sets forth that the evidence discloses "a series of transactions discreditable to any officer of tha army." Tho president has decided to order a court-martial for the trial of Brigadier General Swaim. The returns of cotton-planting made to the department of agriculture indicate the tendency to increase of area was checked somewhat in tho southwest by rain and in Tennessee by low temperature i" tha planting season. Replanting was still in progress to some extent on June 1. Even in low latitudes, the apparent increase is about 4 per cent. The House Committee on Appropriations has agreed to amend the general Deficiency _ bill when it comes up for consideration sa as to prohibit senators, representatives and delegates to congress, sitting or elect, or any government employe, contractor or other person who receives money from the United States Treasury, making contributions of money or other valuables, directly or indirectly, to be used for political purposes. The penalty is a fine of $5,000, or imprisonment not exceeding three years, or both. It appears that the estate of Col. Rathbone, the man who murdered his x.-ifein Germany not long ago, had $50, 000 in bonds in the safe of Middleton & Co,, the bankers who recently failed bere, and Col. W. II. Harris, of Cleveland, has brought criminal proceedings against the bankers, who are accused of having misappropriated them. It is said there is no law in the District of Columbia to punish such cases. The same bankers misappropriated $100,000 beloaging to a widow of this city who left it with them for an investment in her behalf. It has been reported for several weeks that Secretary Frelinghuysenhad under consideration the policy of acquiring certain concessions from Nicaragua for the construction of a navigable waterway across that country from Ocean to ocean, and the matter had been the subject of discussion between himself and the President and other members of the Cabinet. It is understood the subject has recently taken definite form, and the Secretary, requiring a Bum of money estimated at $200,000 for the purpose of carrying his views intojtffuct, recently communicated with the committee of the Senate on the subject. The matter was under consideration by the Senate in secret-session to-day, but no conclusion was reached. The president sent to the senate a message suggesting the propriety of congress appropriating $588,000 for the purpose of making a complete and narmonious selection of exhibitions on behalf of the government for the New Orleans exposition. It was referred to the committee on appropriations. The president says: "The importance, purposes, and benefits of the New OiLans exhibition are continental in their scope. Standing at the. threshold almost of the unopened markets of Spanish and Portuguese America, New Orleans is the natural gateway to their trade and the exhibition offers to the people of Mexico and Central and South America adequate knowledge of our farming implements, mental manufactures, cotton and woolen goods, and | like necessities, in respect to which those countries are either deficient or supplied to a limited extent. The breaking down of the barriers which still separate us from the republics of America, whose productions so entirely complement our own, will aid greatly in removing disparity of commercial intercourse under which less than 10 per cent, of our exports goes to American countries. I trust congress will realize tho urgency of this recommendation and make its appropriation immediately available so" the board may lose no time in undertaking the extensive preparations necessary to spread more intimate knowledge of our governmental institutions and national resources among the people of our eountry and neighboring states in a way to command the respect duo it in the family of nations." CONGltESSIONAL. Monday, June 9. Senate-The senate insisted upon its amendment to the labor statistics bill and appointed a committee of conference. Sen. Vance submitted the viows of the minority of the committee on privileges and elections, regarding the Danville investigation. Sen. Allison, from the committee on appropriation, reported the consular and diplomatic appropriation bill with amendments. House-The republican side of the house was reinforced this morning by the return of a number of membera from the Chicago contention. Bills were introduced and referred, to amend the act authorizing tho formation of a national banking association. It provides that in all �uits at law or in equity now pvnd-ing or hereafter brought to enforce the liability of the shareholders in the national banking associations for contracts and debts and engagements of such association to the extent of the amrunt of their stock therein at par value thereof in accordance with the provisions of the revised statutes, the shareholders shall have a right to set up in defense thereof an equitable discharge of that liability by a voluntary payment made before the assessment is levied upon the stock by comptrollers of currency to enforce said liability or any other equitable defense which said stock holders may have to such suits, to repeal all internal revenue taxes on tobacco. The house went into committee of the whole, with Wellborn in the chair, on the river and harbor bill. At the evening session of the house numerous amendments increasing the appropriation for various improvements of rivers and harbors were offered and voted down. After completing the consideration of six of the 47 pages of the bill, the committee rose and the house adjourned. Tuesday, June 10. Senate-A large number of petitions was presented opposing the government teleg.aph. Sen. Logan presented as a memorial the resolutions of a ma&s meet-in � recently hold m Cincinnati of tho soldiers, sailors and marintrs who served in the war of the rebellion, expressing the conviction that they are entitled to a quarter section of laud to each man. Referred to committee on public lands. Tho pension bill was displaced by the regular order of the Utah hill which was informally laid aside to admit of the consideration of the consular and diplomatic appropriation bill. Sen. Allison explained that the amendments proposed by the senate committee on appropriations addwd $809,000 to tho bill as it came from the house. The house had appropriated $500,000 less than the appropriation of last year. The bill was r^ad by sections, and the amendments proposed by tfce senate committee were agreed to, with only the interposition of an occasional remark, inquiry and explanation, except as to the provisions of tho appropriation of $250,000 to meet the expenses attendant upon (he execution of the neutrality act, The senate then went into secret session and when tho doors reopened adjourned. House-The chairman of the committee en ways and means reported the current resolution providing for the final adjournment of congress Monday, June 80th. Adopted without opposition. Mr. Payson, from tho committee on public lands, reported a hill forfeiting apart of certain lands granted Iowa to aid in the construction of railroads in that state. Tho special order being the bill for the forfeiture of tho New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Vicksburg land grant, it was postponed until tomorrow. The house then went into committee of the whole, Welburn in the chair on the river and harbor appropriation bill. Numerous amendments were offered but were voted down. On motion of Mr. Hal man tho clauso making an appropriation for the improvement of Little Kanawha river was stricken from the bill, and without further action the committee rose. The senate amendments to tho District of Columbia appropriation bill were non-concurred in. Thursday, June 12. Senate-The Mexican pension bill was taken up and after a lengthy discuBBion without reacting any conclusion, the senate went into executive session, and when the doors reopened, adjourned. House-The river and harbor appropriation bill being under consideration in committee of the whole, the appropriation for an ice harbor on Muskingum river was increased from $20,000 to $30,000. The committee rose and reported the bill to the house. Mr. Oates moved to strike out the He nnepin canal clause. Mr. Willis said that, upon consultation with all the members of the committee on river and harbors, except two, and at their instance he had determined to allow a separate vote on the canal project. Mr. Henderson, Illinois, expressed surprise at the course pursued hy Mr. Willis. For one he had not consented that that course should bo followed. Mr. Murphy said that as another member of the same committee, he had not been consulted. The motion to strike out was agreed to-yeas 146, nays 121. Mr. Murphy then moved to lay the bill and the pending amendments on the taale- The motion was lost-yeas 97, nays 256. The house then passed the river and harbor bill-yeas 157, nays 104. Friday, June 13. Senate-A caucus of republican senators was held upon the Mexican pension bill at which barely a quorum was present. After some dt&cussion, the subject was referred to caucus committee to formulate a course of action. The treaty which has been under consideration in the senate by tho committee on foreign relations, providing for an international copyright and patent system, and which has already been ratified and promulgated by twenty-four governments, was reported adversely by the committee to the senate, and after a brief discussion, rejected. House-The house public lands committee agreed to report favorably the bill requiring the general government' to pav to tho state of California for school purposes five per cent of the net proceeds of all public lands sold within her boundaries since the state's admission. Tho amount proposed in the payment is estimated at one million dollars. TILDEN SPEAKS. The Election of Lincoln. The electoral votes for president and vice president were counted in the hall of the house, on Wednesday, the 13th of February, 1861. The senators went there in procession, headed by tho vice president, advanced up tho middle aisle, and took in tho area in front of the speaker's desk. Vice President Breckinridge took the chair of tho speaker, while the latter sat at his right hand. The tellers took position at the clerk's desk. Senator Trumbull of Illinois, Representative Phelps of Missouri, and Washkume of Illinois were the tellers; on their right was the clerk of the senate, Mr. Dickens, and oil the left Mr. Forney, of the House. The vice president said that, according to the constitution, both house of congress had assembled in order that the votes might be counted and declared for president and vice president of tho United States, who were tq, take their scats on the termination of the present term, the 4th of March, 1861. It was his duty to open the electoral votes, and he now .iroceededto perform that duty. h votes were accordingly opened by states, and the separate vole of Gach state was announced by the tellers. When the name of S Carolina was called a suppressed laugh was heard from all parts of the house. Vice President Breckinridge then announced tho whole vote to be: For Lincoln and Hamlin, 180 votes; for Breckinridge and Lane, 72 votes: for Bell and Everett, 39 votes; for Douglas and Johnson, 12 votes. He therefore declared Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, and Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, to be duly elected president and vice president of the United States. There was no demonstration of any kind on the floor of tho house or in the galleries, The senate then retired and the house adjourned. -Ben. Perloy Poore. Wlii) alas a StomacU Of which ho or she can truthfully say, "It was novel- out of order." Thoio are some human 'interiors" whose digestive powers seem alcin to those of tho ostrich. Yet it may well be doubt-ad if eveu they have not felt a pns-lng dyspeptic qualm at some time or other. Thousands lsss lucky, tho chronic victims of indigestion, hive, although tho inherent weakness of their stomachs seunied aa insuperable obstacle to recovorj, eventually regained complete digestion by tho use of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, foremost 01 American tonics and correctives. The tone and activity of tho liver and bowels uro likewise increased by this highly accredited medicine, the purity and eftlcacy of wui-jh long since won for it a popularity which time lias only served to augment. Bu.lt up with tho ii>tters, a tystem no longer weak, may bid defiance to malaria and resist other causes provocated of ill health. The rheumatic, and persons Buffering from inactivity of the kidneys and bladder, ulso find It a genuine source of relief Important Information. New York Journal. "Papa, what is a bat?" "It is what base-ball players use, my child." "I know that; but isn't there another kind, papa?" "Yes, there's a bird called a bat." "I know that, too, but isn't there another one?" "No, I guess not, dear, why do you ask?" "Because I heard Uncle John tell mamma that ho went on a frightful bat last night." Papa said nothing, bat made up his mind to give Uncle John a laying out next time ho saw him. 185 Years Old. Messrs. Francis Newbery & Son, London, England, established for 125 years, write: As a testimonial from one of the oldest drug-houses in Great Britain, respecting your household remedy, will no doubt be of interest to you, we aro pleased to make the statement that we have sold St. Jocobs Oil with satisfaction to the public, for everal years, and that owing to the extraordinary merits of the article, the demand is continually increasing, and that wo have heard of many favorable reports regarding its great virtue as a pain-curing remedy. He Announces His Inflexible Purpose Not to be a Candidate. New York, June 11.-The following communication from SamT J. Tilden, has been given the associated press: ^..... New YonK, June 10, 1884. Daniel Manning, Chairman of the Democratic State Committee o� New York: In my letter of .Tuns 18, 1880, addressed to the delegates from tho state of New York to tho democratic national convention, I said: " Having now borne faithfully my -Jull share of thi labor and cara in the public service, and wearing tho marks of its burdens, I desire nothing so much as an honorable discharge. I wish to lay down the honors and toils of even quasi party leadership and te seek the repose of private life. In renouncing the nomination for the presidency Idoso with no doubt In my mind as to the vote of the state of Now York or of the United States, but because I believe that it is a renunciation of a reelection to the presidency. To those who think my renominatlon and re-election indespensablo to an effectual vindication of the right of the people to elect thoir rulers, violated in my person, I have accorded as long a reserve of my decision as possible, but I cannot overcome my repugnance to outer Into a now engagement which involves four years of ceaseless toll. The dignity ef Ihe presidential office is nVove a merely personal ambition but it creates In me no illusion. Its value is as a great power fur good to the country. I said four yeai s ago in accepting the nomination knowing, as I do, therefore, from fresh experience, how great the difference 1b between gliding through an official routine and working out a reform of systems and policies, it Is impossible for me to contemplate what noeds to be done in tho federal administration without an anxious sense of tho difflcult-les of the undertaking. If summoned by the suffrages of my countrymen to attempt this work I nhall endeavor with God's help to bo the efficient instrument of their will. Such u work of renovation after many yoirs of misrule, such a reform of systems and policies, to which I v. ould oheerfully nave sacrificed all that remained to me of health and life, is now, I fear, beyond myBtrengtu." My purpose to withdraw from further public service, and the grounds of It, were at that time well known to you and others, and when at Cincinnati, though respecting my wishes yourself, you communicated to me an appeal from many valued friends to relinquish that purpose, I reiterated my determination unconditionally. In the four years which have elapsed, nothing has occurred to weaken but everything to strengthen the considerations which induced my withdrawal if rom public life. To all who have addressed me on the subjeot my intention bos been frankly communicated. Several o� my most confidential friends under the sanction or their names have Eublicly stated my determination to bo lrrevoca-le. That I have occasion now to consider tho question Is an event for which I have no responsibility. The appeal made to me by the democratic masses with apparent unanimity to servo them once more is entitled to the most deferential consideration *nd would inspire a disposition to do anything desired of me if it were consistent with my judgment of duty. I believe that thero Is no In strumentmllty in human society so potential in its Influence upon mankind for good or evil as tho governmental machinery for administering justice nnd for making and executing laws. Not nil the eleemosynary Institutions of private benevolence to which philanthropists may devote their lives are so fruitful In benefits as the rescue and preservation of this machinery from the perversions that make it the Instrument of conspiracy, fraud and crime against the most sacred rights and Interests of tho people. For afty years as a private citizen, never contemplating an official career I have devoted at feast as much thought and effort to the duty of Influencing aright the action of tho governmental institutions of my country, as to all oUier objects. I have never accepted official service except for a brief period for a special purpose, and only when the occasion seemed to require from me that sacrifice of private preferences to the public welfare. I undertook tho state administration of New York, because it was supposed that in that way only could the executive power bo arrayed on the side of the reforms to which, as a private citizen, 1 had given three years of my life. I accepted tho nomination for tho presidency in 1S70 becauso of the central conviction that niy candidacy would bestpresent the Issue of reform which the democratic majority of the people desired to have worked out In the federal government as it had been In tu�t of the state of New York. I believed Uiat I had strength enough then to renr> vato the administration of the gevernment of the United States, and at the close of my term to hapd over the great trust to a successor faithful to tho same policy. Though anxious to s>-ek tho repose of private life, I nevertheless acted upon tho idea that overy power is a trust and Involves \ a duty." In reply to the address ef the committee, communicating my nomination, I depicted the difficulties of tho undertaking and likened my feelings in cngaglngs In It te those of a soldier entering battle, but I did not withhold the entire consecration of my pswers to the public Bervice, Twonty years of continuous maladministration under the demoralizing Influences of intestine war and bad Unanco, have infested the whole governmental system of the United States, with the canc*rous growth of falso construction and corrupt practice. Powerful classes have 'acquired pecuniary Interests In official abuses, and the moral standards of tho people have been impaired To re-dross these evils is a work of great difficulty and labor, an d cannot be accomplished without the most energetic and efficient personal action on the part of the chief executive of tho republic. The canvass and administration which it is desired that I should undertake, would embrace a period of nearly five years; nor can I admit any illusion esto their burdens. Three years of experience In the endeavor to reform the municipal gevernment of the city of New York, and two yoars of oxperlence In renovating the administration of the state of New York have made me familiar with the requirements of such a work. At the present time the considerations which Induced mv act! in In 1880 have become Imperative. I ought not to as-nmo a tank which I have not tho physical strength to tarry through. To reform the administration of the federal government-to rcbllza my own ideal and to fulflllthe just expectation of tho people, would Indeed warrant, as tbey could alono compensate, the sacrifices which tho undertaking would Involve. But In my condition of advancing years end declining strengh, I feel no.assurance of my ability to accomplish those objects. 1 am, therefor.-, constrained to say definitely that I cannot now assume the labors of an administration, or of a canvass. Undervaluing In no wlso that beet gift of heaven, the occasion and the power some times bestowed npon a mere Individual to communicate an impulse forgood.gratef ul beyond a 1 words to my follow countrymen who would assign such a beneficent tunctlon to me, I am consoled by tho reflection that neither 'he democratic party, nor tho republic for whoso futuro that party is tho best i^uarnnteo is now or even can bo dependent upon �my one man for their successful progress in the path of a noble destiny. "Having given to their welfare whatever of health and strength I pust wssed or could borrow from tho futuro and hav ing reached the term of my capacity for such la bors as thoir welfare now demands, I but subml-to tho will of God In deeming my public caree-fo.-ever closed. Signed, Samuel J. Tilden. mers on liis brow, he works incessant^ ly and unsparingly for its weal. He has repeatedly declared that the woes of the workingmau sit heaviest on his heart, and that if ho could but do something to better the lot of his poorer subjects he would deem that the chse of his reign had been richly blest. The Emperor William has bsen called a prince of peace. He had done all he could to appease and remove the causes of popular dueon- i tent in his own dominions, and even his foes will not deny that he is peace-. keeper of Europe. About sixteen years ago in the course of a hot discussion in the North German Parliament on the naval budget, Count von Moltke said that there was only onn possible way of converting the money spent in the service of war to the interests of peace, and that was "the formation in the heart Europe of a power which, without being aggressive itself, should yet be strong enough to forbid its neighbors from waging war." This wonderful prophecy has now been fulfilled, and .the German Emperor is the instrument of its realization. The Garman army is the t>olice force of Europe, and yet Europe is content to profit by its passive services without much snow, of appreciation. But what Europe fails to express the German people themselves most warmly feel. No sovereign was ever more popular with his subject than is the octogenarian Kaiser. Berlin is a cold and unrev-erentlal city, but when the Emperor drives through its streets the universal veneration of which he is the object lends them an Oriental air of worship. Lazy Life In Brazil. Ex-Gov. Thomas Osborne, of Kansas, home on leave from Rio J anoiro, says: "People have a way of thinking that a foreign mission is paradise on a small scale. They ought to try it for a while. Tho salary of $12,000 a year looks handsome enough, but the indo lonco you have to stand is worth the pay. That's a very tame life in Brazil. Why, I'd rather live one day in Now York than a month in Rio. No, thero isn't much style required, but if a fellow is anybody at all in Rio he must have his town house and his county house at Petrofalis, in tho suburbs, and between tho two establishments he can't save enough to buy many national banks. Tho principal thing thero is tho coffee export, and it is a constant source of disgust to see how the United States is frittering away her opportunities to exchange merchandise with Brazil and the other South American markets. We might as well have the lion's share of that valuable trade, but wo kindly allow it to be monopolized by the English, Dutch, and French, and each year we have to go down in our pockets for nearly $300,000,000 to square up the balance duo on our commercial lunacy." THE ENGLISH EARTHQUAKE. Some Interesting Features of the Recent Upheaval. Nature. From recent observation I have concluded that the seismic vertical was at or near Dr. Green's house, close tP-^ the strood or causeway which ctm- ~~ nects the mainland of Essex vmh Mersea island. The house was built in 1860, and is therefore new. I may here observe that the modern, cheaply-built cottages were not so much affected as tho more ancient ones. The chimneys, walls, etc., of the latter were invariably destroyed, damaged, or cracked-the former seldom so. I was much surprised at this. The first thought naturally wap that these "jerry-built" houses would be shaken down like a pack of cards. Is it that their very looseness of structure is in their favor, as compared with the strongly-built cottages of two hundred and three hundred years ago? I have somewhere seen that in earthquakes-visited centers the houses most secure from destruction are the oosely built, low edifices. One can weak plainly on this matter, as no premium is required to encourage the development of "jerry-building.' Dr. Green's house is literally split and racked in all directions, aid the' splits and cracks are the most vertical of any to be seen. Tho entire building was twisted on its foundation. At the southwest corner this is visible to the amount of about one inch and a half. Dr. Green informed me he was lifted up, as if from behind, and shot violently forward. A friend of mine remarked that the railway cutting at Wivenhoe appeared to have broken the continuity of the undulations, for the houses contiguous to it are com paratively uninjured. A noteworthy fact in connection with the recent earthquake, to which I can personally testify, and which appears to be the general experience of all the most trustworthy observers I have come across, is that the sounds of noises . preceded tho oscillations for an appreciable period of time. Mallet's experiments showed that the shock of an* explosion traveled through wet �and at the rate of 951 feet per second. In Ipiwich we are situated chiefly on drift sands and London clay, and allowing that the earthquake shock traveled through these strata at a more rapid rate it is not likely to have been much more rapid. As sound travels at the rate of 1,118 feet per second, it is very probable that the uoise accompanying the earth movements preceded the oscillations. Mr. Wilkins, the well-known yacht-builder at Wivenhoe, tells me ha was standing at the time the earthquake occurred in the yard, and his first irrt-pression was that a now yacht he was looking at was keeling over, and he called out to his workmen in the shop close by. Then followed the crash, of the tall chimney and the rending of the walls. Tho workshop was an upper floor, with windows on each side, and as ho stood in the yard Mr. Wilkins says the ,oscillasory waves were such that ho was unable to look right through these windows, so as to see the falling chimneys of the buildings on the other side. He calculates that there must have been a rise and Call of tho ground of two feet nine inches to havs enabled him to do this. The Kaiser's Life-Work. The German Emperor looks upon himself as the first servant of the nation; and even now, with 87 sum- Worse than Dynamite. "These dynamite explosions over in England," said the sleeping car con: ductor, "remind me of an old woman and her jug of yeast. She got on at a small station out beyond Stuben-ville, carrying a gallon jug in her hand, which she told me contained a fine quality of home-made yeaBt. It was well corked and tied, and the old lady carried it to her berth with her, taking as much care of it as if it bad been a baby. An hour or so later, when everybody was asleep, there was the most tremendous explosion ever heard in a sleeping-car, and all tho neighbors of tho womau had a shower-bath of the frothy stuff from the shattered jag. It was dark, and they thought tney were coverea with their own blood. Such screaming you never heard, and the old woman herself was the most flightened of the lot. The shaking of the car had made the yeast livelier than dynamite, and an extra heavy lurch had set it off. The bed-' clothes of four sections had to be ohanged."
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