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Algona Republican (Newspaper) - May 18, 1887, Algona, Iowa PROFESSIONAL KOSSUTH MAY at Ofllee wlth c L rmiul ATTORNEY AT RJ ATTORNEY JAMES States Examining PHYSICIAN SURGEON Office next door to Fords Graduate of Surgeon and Richmonds old olllce opposite lerford FLOBA Doctors hysicicuns and Office and residence in Galbraith Call BBrDoctor Flora makes a specialty ol diseases of V POTTEK POTTER 0 vjEnoeopatliiji Physicians SPECIAL attention given to chronic O Including diseases of the eye and cau diseases of Veterinary Physician f Surgeon one door south of Bongey L Druggist Prescriptions Deals In Corn er of State and Thorington streets Office over Sheetz drug Rooswall Sign Painting aud Paper Orders by postal card promptly Rooswall CiIV JTaod fcad Siala Stable it rigs at all or without rdprs ly telegraph promptly o at ouit RUSE due Hotel LB The present will be an important year in Iowa politics on account of the conflict likely to take place in the legislative are na between the people and the and because a United States senator is to bo What attitude the democrats will assume is wholly in If we are to judge by the course of Weaver and other democratic leaders in Congress in opposition to the interstate commerce the democrats will stand in with the railroads and endeavor to lay the blame of oppression upon that This will be the more probable policy in case Weaver shall develop his expected strength as a candidate for the Should he be the accepted candidate he will become the absolute dictator of the democratic contingent in the It is there fore going to be a year for There is no doubt but we shall reeled and by an old time major The chief concern should be the election of the very best stamp of repub licans to the The best work that can be done for the party this year will be in nominating the right kind of men as candidates for that who will be in full and hearty sympathy with Governor Larrabee in his railroad As regards the path of safe ty and of good policy is the path of as this will be an extremely cold and fros ty season for candidates whose sympathy with the people in their fight with the incorrigible corporations is seriously ques So much is at stake for the party and the public in this regard that ambi tious office seekers should not be permit ted to take matters into their own hands and nominate and thus fore sta the deliberate judgment and action of the which if it can be se will be wise and want men this year for legislators who are honest beyond clear headed and level headed all the and men who will be more inclined to look to their own con stituents for guidance than to any self constituted boss who may be on the If the republicans of Iowa will but put up for the assembly men as well accepted for integrity and sympathy with the just demands of the people as is the man who will head the ticket and the other man who will be sent back to the United States we shall count up a majority for republicanism in November such as we have not seen Iowa for many If we do not get such a majority it will not be for lack of confidence in the party so much as lack of confidence in the The healthful and invigorating effect wrought upon public officials by a sense of responsibility to the appointing power is illustrated in the recent change of heart of the railroad We have been anxious for some time to see the effect of a change to the elective sys tem with respect to that in order that the people might be frequently heard from as a frequently and seriously inquired of by the function aries composing Of course it matters not where tic power of appointment is so long as it really represents the as our present executive We that if the people act di rectly and for themselves there will be greater certainty that their will will be re Whatever change in the law is it should be effected with a view to making the if it is retain answerable as directly as possible to the popular That should The time is past when the assumption of su perior wisdom in high officials and the studied ignoring of the intelligent de mands of the people will bo tolerated in It seems to us as that the election of a railroad commission er every autumn would very speedily make the dry and dusty bones The state debt is being paid off very too rapidly to suit the democratic however much it may please the democratic and Treasurer Twombly has given to the press the following comparative state showing the condition of the state treasury and May aa follows Warrants outstanding ttay oil JianiljMay 8tU Ntit Warrants outstanding 1887 Oasu ou naud May 4Wt deficit May Ne t deficit May Reduction in the The democratic in giving Ihe amounts of warrants omit ted the item of cash on tnafciftg a big difference in the 000 warrants have beee but con siderable amounts are held tlB investments and will be so held until the interest on them which will be during tab present The amount of money in the held to redeem these war rants when wis therefore con and the deliberate ommission of such amounts from tho statement of the condition of the treasury illustrates the capacity for the democratic Tfte conditiojqi 6f the States finances iaeven better the above more than twothirds of the money voted by the last general assembly ns extraordi nary appropriations has been drawn al The reduction of the outstanding warrants is a permanent as the c urrent expenses are mainly paid in and there is now a strong probability that the entire debt will be wiped out within twelve There is a very general agreement in the press of both parties in favor of late nominating conventions and a short cam paign in Iowa this The democrats are probably the more enthusiastic for this to the disastrous out come of their aggressive campaign of last When their June convention was held they were not ready to act with reference either to candidates on princi and having neither strong convic tions nor recognized leaders they made a leap in the landing on their hack as The long and campaign that had been planned was and it was not till the repub licans held their two months that any attempt at campaign work was Experience proves that for all the purposes of awakening the public mind and presenting and defining the is six weeks are a plenty in The most important work is the selection of the men and the formulation of the so much the written plat which must accommodate itself to to the attitude of the but in com ing to agreement as to what shall be set forth as the essentials of the party When a party gets out of the quagmires of doubt and plants its feet upon the firm it is ready for the no mat ter what the day or who the The republicans will have the advantage this as just because they have come out upon the solid gronud and into the clear and because they have the sure conviction that they are The attitude of the republican party with respect to the temperance question is not in The party was wise and fear less enough on the start to take a stand that was absolutely aud incontestibly right on that and experience has shown that in an intelligent state like our own it is safe to do indeed that it is very unsafe not to do Then as to the railroad Larrabee and Senator Wilson have written the republi can and we may assume that if any amendment is proposed it will only be to make it As to the demo no man can tell what shift may commend itself to their The papers are calling attention to the practice of selling short weight sacks of In the absence of any law regula ting the size and weight of packages of the millers have been in the habit of putting up quarter barrel sacks of flour from one to five pounds A barrel of flour should weigh 196 pounds a half barrel 98 and a quartar barrel 49 quarter barrel sacks frequently put on the market weigh not more than 45 It is suggested that the next generaly as sembly pass a law which will prevent im position and protect and in the mean time a practicable method of deal ing with the matter will be to look sharp ly after weights and insist upon 49 pound In a How O how long letter to the Des Moines Leader the Al gona correspondent of that democratic sheet says Our republican friends are maneuver ing already amongst themselves as to who shall have the doubtful honor of being their candidate for representative this We think the farmers will have considerable to say as to whom the man shall be that will represent From the signs of the times We judge they will not pay tne usual homage to the party la Men are what are not time pally wabbling The destiny of the state is largely in the hands of the agricultural We hope they will arise in their might and assert their This doubtless foreshadows the appear ance of a new edition of The Farmers The Emmetsburg Reporter has entarg ed ninecolumn size and is tilledevery with interesting Ttfe Ite porter is among the best pa The following is the ftli text of the letter written by Govrirtfw Larrabee to Voter in Texas Ifa to the success Of Tt ts going all over the United States Dear Sir Vtfttt letter of the 18th has been received and I take in giving you the Informa tion Tfhieto you Prohibition of tfoMfe of intoxicating liquors went State on the 4th of Prohibition reduces drunken criwe and general taxation the rev from licenses in this State was small jscompared with the expense of conttoll tog the evil and of alleviating the misery out of The only business woptotafc IWM prohibition is the saloon The fact that tha Dmiomtfe PWly State cendency of prohibition sentiment in Yours Benton countys of suggests the observance of memorial day in the and shaping the days or a portion of with special reference to the memory of the nations loyal Marine suggests tho hanging of portraits of the Union generals on the the inscrip tion of memorial tablets nnd patriotic sentiments on the and the recitation by the pupils of pieces relat ing to patriotic valor and memor ial The suggeston is an ex celent and it would be well if all schools which do not celebrate the day by attending public memorial exercises would observe it in the manner THE RAILROAD SITUATION IN Another Letter from Senator Opposes Suspension of the Lonjr and Short Haul Advocates a Pro llata Kate Mile to be Controlled by Iowa and Favors Hcliance Upon the Kiv Konto to the A STATESMANLIKE April tors of the reasons given by the railroad companies in their petitions to the interstate commerce commission for thesuspension of the socalled loug and short haul provision of the law that under it they cannot successfully compete with the water lines of In their presentation of this branch of their several cases the companies are giving the people some pretty interesting inside views of transportation Every person knows that transporta tion by water can be profitably conducted at much lower rates than by Water crafts it is transport at a profit for rates that would impose a loss on a railroad This is urged by the representatives of the companies as a reason why they should be relieved from the operation of the fourth section of the interstate commerce Is it a valid reason Why Because if allow ed by implication at would justi fy a railroad company in performing such transportation at All such losses must be made How has this been unloading the loss of the railroad company upon the busi ness of the communities where water transportation does not How is this clone By increasing the rates on all transportation to and from such commu The United States has expended hun dleds of millions of dollars in maintain ing and improving our rivers aud The money thus used is furnished by the people at large through the revenue laws of the Whatever benefit comes from it should be shared the whole country in every part But this cannot be if the railroad companies are allowed to do business at a loss from points where water competition exists and then impose unreasonable rates on that of places where iji does not and thus reimburse themselves atthe expense of the traffic of the noncompetitive Here we come lupon a danger Its signal is and the inter state commerce commission should take notice of If that commission shall conclude to allow railroad companies to charge lower rates on the long haul from stations where wat er competition exists than on the short haul from points where it is not what will be the result Will the people give up the fight and tamely submit to be taxed through discriminating rates at the noncompetive points to makeup the loss es resulting from unreasonably low rates given to stations where water lines com pete Of course they will No one expects them The contest will go oa until an effective transportation reform shall come to It may take a longer time to work it out than iu any proper and conservative view of the case is desir But delays in such cases are espec ially dangerous to those who occasion If the interstate commerce com mission shall prove to be a cause of un necessary it can and will be abol If the flexibility of the long and short haul provision of the fourth section of the present law shall operate as a delay it will be made And here let me suggest that the more the transporta tion problem is studied the greater is the tendency in the public mind towards the pro rata per mile system and this will be the end ultimately reached if resistance to present efforts to reform the carrying sys tem resolves itself into unreasonable dci supplementing these will surely come resolute action by each state for the establishment of equal lights in the transportation of state the states ueed not wait for lae other sng gested things to fbey may move is soon as their legislators meet so far as state commerce is Iowa is Hvith no pleasurable the effects of maladministra tion by the railroad companies of the prin ciple of the Interstate commerce Her general Assembly will meet next win Wteat state is more fortunately sitsi ated for the enactment and enforceiaerlt of effective legislation relative to than Iowa The Mississippi river forms her eastern boundary the Missouri river her This consti tutes an advantage if rightly be made of great advantage to the state commerce of Legislation reg of our transportation within the state can be put into such form in respect of rates as will assure to ourpeople the advantages of competition between the riv ers and As an illustration of this suggestion let us suppose that we state law effectually regulating railroad ratee to aud fromthe bas ed oa the doctrine of equal rights of all interior lUtions and of persons re sidiwj thereatTbw being the of the a at one of our in terior to obtain supply of VU U 1 LllU The same principle will apply to the business of wholesale and retail deal to all occupations re quiring Give the peoole ot Iowa the right kind of a state law for the regulation of state and they will at once have the opportunity to avail themselves of the element of compe tition between the rivers and Of the enactment of a law will not of itself effect the results mentioned but let ordinary business prudence avail itself of the advantages such a law would and the end desired will be speed ily If Iowa business shall get to dealing directly with Cincin New Louis and other water route how long would it be before Chicago and other rail roads would be found doing the fair thing by Iowa interests and commerce V The dcvelopeuients in the transporta tion field that have been coming to the at tention of the public since the interstate commerce law took and those that will yet appear before the meeting of the general assembly next will be most serviceable aids to that body in its consideration of that great A vast amount of definite information is coming out It ought to be careful ly studied by every person interested in Iowas Not for the purpose ot vindictive but rather as a means for arriving at just and beneficent Let prudent and conservative discussion be entered upon and kept up iromnowand until the meeting of the the general assembly and great profit will come to Iowa and all of her It will lead to the enactment of a law that will give our people a proper adjustment of transportation rates to and from the river as well as those that relate to the distribution of the entire domestic commerce of the This can be done inflicting unnecessary injury up on any locality or If it be no state will be more fortunate ly circumstanced than JAMES PJBESS IOWAS purchase and ships it by water to the point on the river nearest to his billing it only to the river When it is landed from the steamboat it ceases to belong to inter state and at once comes within the law regulating state and in this way gets the benefit of low river rates and such as the state regulations This opera tion may be reversed ou the shipments of manufactured products out of the his Keokuk City Some years when McCrary was in from this district and the subject of railway control reached from the states to con gress we made in the Gate City an earnest effort to have Iowa develop its own com mercial system by making the Mississippi and Missouri its base We urged barge lines and a cheap and adequate sys tem of watercarriage on the Mississippi and At a conference at Keo kuk we were made president of an infor mal organization to promote the move There was a hearty response to the impulse from various interior points in Iowa and from Louis and New Orleans and various points in the Mississippi valley But the times were not New York and Boston owned and controlled all the railroad capital in Iowa and they had their From that date on we have been hopeful that the time would come when Iowa would make these two rivers its ocean shore lines and develop in Iowa trade and commerce and system of cities based upon its relations to these two riv The times are riper and we are lad that Senator Wilson has sounded the eynote of this Iowa It is the highest wisdom for this JOHN REED IN Staple Dry Made Clothing For Men and Boots and Trunks and Mats of and lelt for women and all of which are offered nt the lowest cash JOHN For the Best GO State HEAD QUARTERS Sewing Machines I LESSING SELLS THE Sii AND Burial Iowa Normal THE SPUING SESSION of this institution opens April and continues Twelve It has a fall Course of is taught by able teach and is attended by thorough going students from many counties of the Correspondence My Spring Stock is now AMONG THE NO IN DRESS GOODS WILL BE FOUND Iu all colors perfect beacties worth English Elec and all the crinkled and plain and plaid India Swiss Batiste in cream and and fine checked Ging Boucle Persian Cashmere in wine A line of hosiery for children and ThePbiggest drive in mens hose ever offered in girl have the best Kid Glove in the city at and f Try them ajo4 be
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