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Logansport Journal (Newspaper) - October 18, 1890, Logansport, Indiana THE EEFUGE How Chicagoaus Helped to Tliem Into Canada Get yWwter Lind Story ot Unrtercrowx Railroad Days Before the WarIu ffBnlous Device of VesselOwn ers to the Lnnr 1EW people know more about tho workings of tho underground rail way of slavery t ira o s than Mr Sylvester Lind In liis day he was one of tho leading mer chants and pioneers o f Chicago II e lives at Lake For est and his memo ry is prolific of an ecdotes ot a n t i slavery times i n Everybody knows that tho underground railroad was a system whereby slaves were helped to escape from their masters by people living along tbo routes leading from the bouth ern States to Canada Chicago was an easy rallying point recently to the Tribune correspondent The slaves could get on tho Lake Michigan boats and reach Canada Although there was a large committee who more or lass secretly ient money and other aid to the scheme the ttueo prominent figures in the un derground movement as I remember were James II Collins Philo Car penter and Dr Dyer Mr Collins was an infvontial lawyer When there was a slavo to bo defended ho was always on hand with a telling speech Ue seldom lost a case Philo Carpenter was an old citizen who had accumulated consider able property Dr Dyer noted for his sharpness in defending and aiding the slaves could make a thrilling speech in court and many a poor slavo owes his freedom to Dr Dyers ready wits One night about twelve oclock PhUo Carpenter rang the bell at my house on tho West side and when I appeared at the door he said Mr Lind Ive got four gentlemen locked up in my barn meaning of course four slaves and I want you to help mo get them to Canada I under stand that one of ydtir boats will leave the harbor tonight Ive given too fel lows a good supper and they are all ready to go But how can we got them down to the boat Its a good distance through the city and were likely to be caught I said take them down in my close carriage replied Mr Carpenter You know the sheriff Hes an antislavery man but hed uave to arrest tho slaves if ho caught them So youd better drive down ahead of us to seo that tho coast is clear We agreed on this plan I owned some lumber mills in tho Northern lake region and two of my vessels were ply ing between those parts and Chicago One of the vessels was waiting for a favorable wind in the Chicago harbor on this particular night In reaching the lumber region tho boats had to pass through a narrow channel called Deaths Door Near it was an island where all lake steamers took on wood It was customary to leave the slaves hero until a vessel came along that them down through the St Clair river The channel was so narrow in some places that tho slaves could jnrcp easily from the boat to the Canada considerable profanity The captain said he wasnt responsible tor their slaves Several of them had been found on board ho acknowledged but they had lumped off boforo ho could inter fere and ho winked slyly at the mate Tho Southerners tittered words to the effectthat the devil himself couldnt catch a nigger in Chicago It was in deed tho loophole whore tho darky crawled through The Government and the Southerners had agents in the city to enforce the law but it was uphill work A man named Hinos the princi arou pal agent received aneat sum for every slave ho returned There wore plenty of lawyers ready to take up tho cases but public sentiment in Chicago was strongly in favor of tho slaves I remember when n runaway man and woman woro taken into n court room to bo tried as fugitives The peo ple kept crowding into tho room and they eventually surged around the judges stand Tho judge and sheriff woro powerless The runaways mingled with the crowd and reached tho street Tho woman was given some mens clothes at a store She and her husband then ran down to tho docks boarded an outgoing steamer and shipped as declc hands thus escaping to Canada Those exploits were somotimes not more daring than ingenious and amus ing A fugitive woman was taken be fore a justice of the peace by the sheriff Several cases were ahead and while tho woman was waiting she asked the judge if there was any place where she could wash her face and hands O yes said tho judge step right into tho washroom at tho end of the ball Tho woman wont to tho washroom and incidentally forgot to return When the sheriff began to get worried at her nonappearanco he went to find her His blackbird had flown She had crawled out of the window climbed a fence ten foet high and escaped to an outgoing vessel GREELEYS OLD HOME An luterrstlnu Relic of Early Days Still Sttiudlusr 1 Westcliester The recent destruction by fire of the old Greoley homestead at Chappaqua brings to mind the first homestead of the Greeloy family in Westehester County which was located in Purdys Station some miles beyond Chappaqua When a very young man Horace Greeiey rented tho little house shown in tho picture paying a rent of five dol lars a month therefor Tho house was at that time smaller by several feet than at present It had three rooms a Motlinds High aad Low Top JPruninc Two distinct practices arc adopted by the mannKoraifit orchard trees In thelioight of the heads above tho ground One of them says the Country Gentleman gives sufficient height to the heads tor tho free passage of tho teams nsedincuUlvalimi tho oUior Urings tho bear limbs down so low that much of the fruti av be gathered by persons standing on the round Tho former trim their young trees un to a height of live or six loot and while may bo cultivntod freely nearly all the nror must bo gathered with the assistance of ladders Those who train low give only two or throe feel of uoro stems for apple trees less than two feet for dwarf pears nnd less than o foot for peach trees In apple or chards the height may be somewhat controlled bv the vnritity a Itliodo Island Greening tor instance tends more to a drooping growth and low head than Hie more upright Northern Spy To correct this tendency in the Greening the more downward shoots aro to bo removed in early pruning and those more nearly erect re tained and tho reverse is to be observed in training creel growers Poach trees being nav urally more upright tho branches forming the head may come out nearer tho ground than in most apple trees Fig I represents tho more common torm of I neignoors tmu his treatment Is best and mrnl successful or at leaat they will be fully that he has adopted the right one and J bat tbe failure of his slipshod neighbor la owing to bis oliooslng tho wrong course ofjmltiire WHERE STYLES ORIGINATE TUo KOI Drew Very Often ZTJW FIG 1 the trees In hightrained apple orchards and the shape given to them in the earlier years of their growth and Fig a the appearance altw they have reached full bearing Ths entire surface of tho Held may be cultivated up to the stem of each tree Very few oroburdlsts Olwcure Artwts Do you know bow the great modistes get thoir new ideas sad a prominent buyer recently in a talk about gowns No Well lot me toll you that not onehalf ot the charming creations at tributed to Worth llodforn and all the rest of thorn have ever been designed by thoso famous fashion leaders What they do is to buy the idoas of obscure women who have no chance to introduce them as thoir own This is how it is done Homo small dress maker or mil liner who has no money or fashionable trade trios to oko out a living in an out oftheway locality in 1aris perhaps She has artistic ideas In fancy sho sees some exquisite creation of silk and lace that would grace the beauty of a Cleopatra but the queen of hearts does not come her way and how from her humblo store shall she bring into being that vision of her mind It may bo a new design for a hat that comes to her but how shall she offer it to the world What grande dame will give an order to the poor little worker in a back street Without money without a great name among fashionable folk without customers for such fine things what can sho do This she can can sell her artistic dreams to some one who is able to intro duce them as styles Forthwith she sets out to call upon Mme wo will say whose reputa tion is as you know wonderful Tho unknown artist explains her ideas to the famous modisbe pnrhaps she shows some little model of her design con trived with tho poor bits she could muster A good idea muses madame How beautiful that would look on the Princess and in golden crepe how like n dream would any lovely blonde ap pear Oh yes that is a good idea AMERICAN FABLES Four In B Buncb nd All of Them Full of Fraction Blntx IKE PEASANT AMD THE CROW One cold day in tbe Fall a Peasant who was laboring in his Field discovered Crow who was almost dead with Hunger who Piteously asked for Corn Abl but I have nothing to give re plied the Peasant and the Crows are to blame for it Last Spring when I Planted my corn you Persisted in dig ging up the seed Each kernel you then ate would have given you a hundred this fall but you refused to wait You not only Robbed me of my Crop but cut off your own Food supply as well MOHAI Neighbors have to borrow now and then but dont borrow the crowbar piano hired girl horse and buggy flatirons front door bell sugar ieboard all at blC 2 where Mmsoald la feared adopt low form for apple trees especially during the early years of their growth and bearing While the trees arc young it is important to allow free culture of the soil although the roots mostly extend far behind the narrow circle im mediately about the foot of the stem Free culture Is more important while the trees are crowing freely than afterward when the in creased size and foliage shade the ground ana when it is found important to topdress annually with manure rather than to depend on mere cultivation Fig 3 exhibits the form of lowtrained reach THK ESCAPE before Detroit was reached The slaveowners could not find at what point the runaways jumped off The law said that any lake captain who know ingly took fugitive slaves on his boat in a United States harbor should be fined to the extent of several thousand dollars If however ho found the slaves on his boat after hewas out in the lake not knowing when they got on he ivas not obliged to turn them over until a United States port was reached Slaves furnished with money by the un derground committee could thusbe put on board a vessel unknown to the cap When tho boat reached the mid dle of the lake the money was paid to tho captain by the slavo as passage Tho runaways jumped off when they reached Canada tho captain wink ing at the proceeding but not being tech nically responsible I often sent slaves off on my boats in this way They were sent up to the wood station near Deaths Door When I reached the boat that night I found only the cook on board The captain had gone ashore This exactly suited tny purpose The cook was a good antislavery man and I told him lhat we had some slaves to put on board He promised to secrete the negroes in tho hold and give them food Before morning they were safely on their way to Canada JAt another time five negroes came from tho South and reached the St Clair river where they gained the Canadian shore When the captain reached De troit the slaveowners were waiting to intercept the colored men The boat was searched but not a darky was found whereupon the Southerners used EOBACK OLD I1OM15 AT 1 STATION sittingroom and kitchen on the first floor and a bedroom on the second It is about a mile and a half from the depot at Purdys and sets back about twelve feet from the road An old fash ion stone wall surrounds tho house and an old swinging gate on which the Greeiey children used oft to swing gives entrance to the grounds Mr Greeiey occupied tho house so tradition says for about two years and then moved to New York with his fam ily The new tenants of tho house built an addition but of materials so like the older part that tho improve ment in the space makes but little dif ference in the appearance of tho house The house is very old so old in fact that tho oldest inhabitant ot Purdys Station can not tell when it was built and it is at present occupied by a poor family the head of which ekes out an existence from the little garden which he tends on tho place and from work on neighboring farms While the old homestead has gone to ashes tho older house of the Greeiey family still stands a curiosity tovisitors to the little town1 of Purdys Station Waterpraof Stack Covers Having mentioned stack covers I ap pend a receiptforj making an inexpen sive waterproof cover or stacking cloth which was given me by the late Dr Joseph Tefit formerly presidentol the Illinois Dairymens Association and for many years president of the Elgin 111 Board of Trade I think Dr Teflt was also the first importer of Holstein cattle near Elgin You use this mixture said he and 1 will warrant the cloth good cotton sheeting to hold water like a pail Make a strong solution o equal parts of white vitriol and sugar o lead In this dip the cloth wetting i thoroughly dry gradually in open air then dip a second time and dry again when the cloth is waterproof and ready for use Perhaps it would be more con venient to saturate each strip of cloth separately before sewing them together Gontieaaan Madame accepts the design chooses the material of which it shall be made the color etc and gives her order for the costume or whatever it maybe When It made it is brought to SIme s establishment where it is displayed as one of her new creations The real artist is paid perhaps three times the value of the making and must be con tent with that Tho house that it out will probably send a copy of tho design to every other store of conse quence in tho world and may make a fortune out of this one style Women rave over Worths dresses as if all that comes from his place was bet ter than any thing else Thoy pay extravagant prices for his idear but thoy often get is tho creation of some unknown artist whom they would never condescend to notice As for Worth himself he has hardly been in Bide his establishment for fifteen years This I know to be a fact for I am well acquainted with all of those artists and know just how they manage these things Pingaf I must say is an ex ception to the rulo He works hard and is himself a practical Chicago Tribune A PIGGERY box teacanister and sideboard TIIK CHAP WHO II A Beggar who was making his way along a Lonely Highway in tho Evening was stopped by a FootPad who De manded his Wealth The Beggar soon gave him a true Understanding of how Matters stood and the FootPad cried out in his Sorrow Alas but I have beon Defrauded of my Rights How so Why the Traveler with a Fat Purse whom I expected to Pass this way must have taken Another Route and will now be Robbed by Someone else MORAL Theres something funny in hearing the Coal Man call the Ice Man an Extortioner THE TKVMP TUK kAIY A Tramp having called at a house and stated tho Fact of his Hunger and Dis tress the good Lady prepared him a Noble Feast and when he had Finished he Stole the Axe and Bucksaw and was making off when she cried out athisIn gratitude Ah Madam you do not know what you say he replied I did intend to steal the Piano but overcome with your kindness I have contented myself with these poor Tools MOKAI She Apologized of course HEALTH AND BEAUTY Swifts Spccillc has enrol ny Uiue nteceot white swelling the worst type More than twenty pieces of Ixmi carm out of her leg 510 was not able to walk for cliht months and vat on CTiitehiM a year The doctors advbedtBai Cation but I refused and put her on SS She is now ns and playful any child Miw ASMK GKICIIM ColumbusQa Treatise on Dlood and Skin Disea frw SWIFT SiEriiic Co ARE A SPECIAL BLESSHK no 3 trees as adopted by some of our best of peach orchards Other eooa orcbaratsts give the heads more heifrht as represented by Fig 4 Whichever mods Is adopted it should not bo forgotten that the peach tree should be sub jected to free cultivation as it receives more check and gives smaller und poorer fruit when thin Is neglected or whenthe land is seeded to grass It may be well lo add that on account ol tho tendency or the peach to lengthen the growth of Its branches in successive the side shoots gradually dying and disappear cutting back ot tho branches A Splendid Kosldence the But It Costs Money The main part of this piggery shown In figures 1 2 and 3 is 20x40 Jeet and 9 foet high with outside pens 7xOi feet It is set on chestnut posts a FIG PLAN OF PIGGERY feet from ground Partitions and floors are 2inch hemlock The troughs are 2inch oak plank Partitions between entry and pens are built slanting down to top of troughs so that the hogs can not get into them Doors at the ends Oat St were you New was a Master Workma of the Knightsof Labor St you belong to the Ce estial liarp Tuners Union or tho Ha Repairers Mutual Aid Association St dont allow scabs here Goodbye Fan department on the Acquired Knowledge Mr take yo boy fum skule for Mrs dat boys had skule miff Mr like his mamms Mrs liko hismafffmy yo fool nigger yo Didn I git nhfl edicashun when r swep out do village sknle to mon live yars yo saramon cold igramua no U reunited to Itecp tbe tree in Rood shape nnd within bounds This may be dono by annually cutting ofl onehalf twothirds or more or every oneyear shoot in eerly spring or by cut ting off two or threo years growth at a time from all the longer uranohes tailing care to leave enough young wood and always cutting back to a orli so as not to malo a dead pro jecting stub Dwart pear trees are always trained low but the will receive unlike treatment by different tn an ag er s One known as the half standard has the stem two feet or more high and the other tho low pyra midal as in Fig 5 Neither has any eminent or peculiar advantages overthe oilier good culture and more or less manuring being re quired for both Tho low form interferes morewith horse culture but this is less important than appears at Qrst night as the shade of the branches pref FIG 5 vents the growth o prass and weeds closely around the stem The relative advantages of each mode of training may be briefly stated as follows 1 The tall stems allow passage of tho horses benaatb tbem and more finished cultiva tion 2 Tbe low heads facilitate spraying allow tue crop to bo gathered more easily and prevent the winds from blowing off much fruit and when it falls it is less bruised than from a greater height The skillful cultivator whichever mode he adopts will show to his FIG BIDE ELEVATION and windows at the front side Entry Is feet wide The floor slants S Inches in 10 feet and the floor of out side pen slants IJf inches This buildingis sided with common siding shingle roof and hemlock frame The two ventilators tend to TIIE HOC AT TUK 8AOK A Dog was Barking at the Moon when a Sage inquired why he did so adding that he could not Possibly affect the great Luminary one way or the other and that it seemed a Useless Waste of Energy Oh it isnt that it makes any differ ence with the the canine but I want the Other Dogs in this Neighborhood to Know that Im not dead MORAL never Know that some men have been Buried until after we Miss their Free Press CORN SMUT Some Sugnestloin for tlie General Treat ment of the Affected Grain Corn smut is widely distributed throughout our country and the injury resulting from its attack varies from less than one per cent to more than half of tho crop Experimenters do not agree in their opinions as to its harm fulness when eaten by cattle but it is certain that it is not an active poison The black powder of the smut consists of the spores which are simple seed like reproductive bodies These re produce smut much as seeds reproduce ordinary plants Smut spores may grow in manure and liquids in the barn yard for an indefinite period The smut enters tho corn when it is very young penetrating tho soft tissues of tho lowest joint and root of tho small plant Smut does not pass from plant to plant in tho cornfield Outward applications to affected plants will do no good for tho fungus Is inside and no application will reach it Groat caro should be taken to keep the ground from becoming filled with spores By a rotation of crops the in crease of smut may be prevented Do mestic animals should not be allowed to eat the smut in the field for they will distribute the spores in their drop Care should be taken not to con taminate yard manure with the spores Infected stalks should be removed from the field beforothe smut halls open and then be carefully destroyed Plant none but seed which is perfectly free from smut spores The spores adher ing to seedcorn may be killed by im mersion in a strong solution of blue vitriol In a general way the propor tion may be given as follows viz Use as many pounds of blue vitriol as Ions of water The immersion should not last longer than twenty minutes IJ the wet corn is placed upon sloping boards the liquid may be drained off and used over again a number of times I never bad I reccommend them ttuibect medicine in UM Bev F B O SCOOP SOLD EVEBYWHERS Office 39 41 Park Flaws N I THE BEAUTIFUL Queen and Crescent Route Cheap Lands and Homes In Ken tucky Tennesee ALABAMA Mississippi and Louisiana On the line of the Queen Crescent Bcntt a be found 2000000 acres of splendid boOM m hind timber and stock lands Alto tke IM fruit and mineral lands on the continmt tor i on favorahle terms FABHEBS with all thy getting get taM4 the sunny South where blizzards tod In tie plains are unknown The Queen Crescent Route Is M HUB fe Shortest and Quickest Line Cincinati to New Orleans Time 27 Hours Entire Trains Sleepers run Baggage Car Day CoMta nd run through without 110 Miles the Shortest S Cincinnati to Jacksonville FU Time 27 Roots The only line runnlag Solid Trains and Tlroatk I Sleeping Cars ONLY LDTE FBOM CINCKKITITO Chattanoga Tena Fort Payne Hi Mies YickDurg Miss Stiretewit La 20 Mies the Shortest Cincinnati to 6 Hours Quickest Cincinnati to Knoirilk I 118 Miles the Shortest Cincinnati to lUiuta ml 114 Miles the Shortest Cincinnati to AnnJrtpnlk 28 Miles the Shortest Clnclnnaa toHnnlntfr Ala s 15 Miles Shortest Cincinnati to Mobile HL Direct connections at New Orleans andStoWri For Texas Mexico Trains leave Central Union Depot f crossing the Famous High Bridge of and rounding the base of Lookout L Pullman Boudoir Sleepers on all TnroofB 3 Over One Million Acres of Land in I future Great State of the South wWRf preemption Unsurpassed eHiMfc For Correct County Maps Lowest full particulars addres D G EDW Passenger Ticket Agent Queen S Crescent Route i apHISdAwly BIG FOUR HARVEST EXCURSIONS TO THE West and SOUTH Southwest and Southeast THE FIG PIGGERY EXD ELEVATION keep the peas free from bad odor The is battoned and costs 531528 In the amount of cost I have not in eluded expense of paint and painting nor lumber for troughs In Iiff 1 P P P P are pens O O O O outside pens 7 feet wide and same width as inside pens OX feet E entry 3H feet wide Fig 2 is the side elevation and Fig 3 the end eleva tion Jas F Wollilucr in Ohio Farmer Flush Made Him PIunli must be quite well off with tho worlds goods Ive never had that impres sion Why du you think so Lie showed me a handful of diamonds hist you mean it 1 do and he won the pot willi Circular The Ball corset hac soi eyelets Soft loops of corset lace 2titv into the corset smoother nrrte more womanlike thav The Ball is the ov vcm by woman 1 ii ioicoverecl COA ii sviig in tVc virigs hug gsnMY imdyielcTwiili fctvle krain The Ball is v Kabo that never i kinks or rolls up or shl from its place You can wear a Bali avc or three week dont like it return it c you got it and get you back The manufact pays the merchant to dc Chicago and New York Cleveland Cincinnati Chicago WILL SELL ROUND TRIP EXCURSION TICKETSj T all prominent points in the Wat wess South Southwest and S AT HALF RATES ON TUESDAY I All tickets good returning thirty date of sale This is a glorious opportunity w Seekers to visit the territory would invite correspondence For full Information call on or D B General 3 Onr Malydor Perfection Syringe Bottle Prevents tnd elect in 1 to 4 ior it Sent to any Vur HANUF6
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