Logansport Democratic Pharos, July 14, 1847

Logansport Democratic Pharos

July 14, 1847

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Issue date: Wednesday, July 14, 1847

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Publication name: Logansport Democratic Pharos

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Logansport Democratic Pharos (Newspaper) - July 14, 1847, Logansport, Indiana BEMOCRATIC PHAROi§. "Tüc Coiistitulion auil ils Cnrrency." VOL. III.LOGANSPORT, CASS CO., lA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 14, 1847. NO. 52—156.MISCELLANY. SPEAK NO ILL. BY C. SWAIN. Nay, speak no ill! a kindly word Can never leave a sting behind; And, oh I to breathe each tale we've heard Is far beneath a noble mind. Full oft a better eeed is sown. By choosing thus the kinder plan; For if but little good be known. Still let us speak the best we can. Give me the heart that fain would hide, Would fain another's fault eflace: How can it pleasure human pride To prove humanity but base? No! let us reach a higher mood, A nobler estimate of man: Be earnest in the search for good. And speak of all the best we can. Then speak no ill, but lenient be To others' failings as your own: If you 're the first a fault to see. Be not the first to make it known— For life is but a passing day. No lip may tell how brief its span : Then, oh! the little time we stay. Let's speak of all the best we can! From the N. Y. Spirit of the Times. THE FIRST PIANO IN WESTERN ILLINOIS. A fjw evenings since, after reading to a lady a story about the ititroduclioa of a Pi-nno Forte into the Siaic of Aikansas—wliich Is conceded on all liaiids to bo a «^'ootl 'uii —iny friend related to iiie the incidenis connccied with tlio a|>|)earaiice of the "iu-aiiiinatoi] quadruped'" in the northern jiur-lioa cf tlie Sucker State, she beii)g nii eye witness to what occurred on the occasion. For the arnusement of our readers 1 wil! venture to describe them. During the summer following the terini-natioii of the Black-llawk war—beuig amongst the first of the Down East Emigrants to the country, then barely evacuated by the red men of tlie forest—Dr. A-, of Baltimore, removed to what has since become a small towii near the Illinois river, by the name of P--The docioi''s family was composed of three young ladies and his wife, all of whom were performers on the piano, and one of tbf;m the possessor of the instrument in question. As is usually the case in all newly settled places when a "newcomer" makes his first ;:|'pcarauce, 'lie neighbors (that were to had collected togeiiier for the put pose ol seeing the doctor's "phinder" unpacked, and inaking the acquaintance of its pos-ficssor. Dr. A away in -'s "household'" was stowed seven large wagons—being fiist packed into pine boxes, on which were painted, in large black letters, the contents, address, &.C. One wagon after another was unloaded without much sensation on the part of the little crowd of lookeis on, except an occasional exclamation similar to the following, from those who had "never seen the like before.'" "Glassl This side up with care! Why, I thought this fellow was a doctor! What on yearth is he going to do with that box full of winders?" "This side up with care!" exclaimed one. "He's got his paragoric and ile-of-sjtike fixin's in that. Wont ho fizic them agur fellers down on the river!" In the l:nt wagon there was but one large box, and on it were painted the words, "Piano Forte—keep dry and handle cateful-ly.'" It required the assistance of all the bystanders to unload this box, and the curiosity excited in the crowd upon reading the foregoing words and hearing the musical sounds emitted as it struck the ground, can only be gathered by giving a few of the expressions that dropped fiom the spectators. "Pine fort!" said a tall, yellow haired, fever-and-ague looking youth; "wonder if he is afeerd of the Injuns? He can''i scare them with a pine fort." "K-e-e-p d-r-y," was spelled by a large raw-boned man, evidently a liberal patron of "old bald face," who h :d broken off at the letter "y," with "Drotyour temperance karacters—you needn't come round with your tracts!" He was interrupted at tiiis point by a stout built personage, who cried out: "H-j's got his skeletons in thar, and he's afeerd to gin them licker, for they '11 break out if he does. Poor fellows! they must suffer powerfully!" "Handle carefully!" said a man in a red hunting shirt, and the size of whose fist, as he doubled it up, was tsvice that of an otdi-nary man. "Thar's some live criiter in thar—don'i you hear him groan?" This was said as the box struck the ground, and the concussion caused the vibration of the strings. No sooner had all hands let go of the i)0x than doctor A. was besieged by his neighbors, all of whom were determined to itnow what were its contents, and what was the meaning of "piano forte.'"' On his telling them that it was a musical instrument, some "rtckoued that it would take a larnal sight of wind to blow it"—others that it would take a lot of men to make it go, fiic. The doctor explained its operations as well as he could, but still his description was any thing but satisfactory, and he only got rid of his inquisitive neighbors by promising a sight at an early day. Three days—days that seemed like weeks to the pet sons before-mentioned— elapsed before the premises of doctor A. were arranged for the reception of visitors; ;tnd various and curious were the surmi-'^es among the settleis during this time. Doctor A. and his "plunder" were the only topics of conversation for miles around. 'I'iie doctor's house had but one room, but this was one of double the otdinary size, and the carpets were al] too small to cover ihe entire floor; hence a strip of bare floor appeared at each side of the room. Opposite to, and facing the door was placed the "pine fort." All wns ready for the admission of visitors, and miss E. was to art as the first [¡erformer. 'i'he doctor had but to o|.'en the door, and half a score of men were retidy to enter. Miss E. look her seat, and at the first sounding of the instrument tiie party present rushed in. Some went directly up to the '-critlur," as it had been called on account of i(s having four legs—some, more shy, remained close to the door, where, if necessary, they could more easily make their escape; while others, who had never seen a carpet, were observed walking round on the strij) of bare floor, least by treading on the "liandsuin kaliker" they might spoil it. 'J'he first tune seemed to put the whole company in ecstacies. The raw boned man, who was so much opposed to temperance tracts, pulled out a fl isk of whiskey, and insisted that the "gal" should drink. Another of the company laid.down a dime iind wanted "ihai''s worth" more of the "Forty Pains," as the name of the instrument hrid come to him after travelling through some five or six pronunciations. Another, with a broad grin on his face, dc-clarcd that he "would give his claim and all the truck on it, if his darter could iiavc such a cupboard!" The "pine fort" man suggested that if that sort of music li.ul been in the Black Hawk war "they would have skeercd the Injuns like all hollei !" It is needless to suy that it was late at night before miss E. and the other ladies of the house could satisfy their delighted hearers that they wete all "tired out."— The whole country for twenty miles aTouiid rung with the praises of doct. A''s. "eon-sarn" and "musikel kubbnid." The doctor immediately had any qiiantity of patients—all of whom, however, would come in person for advice, or for a few "agur pills," but none of whom would leave without hearing the "forty pains.'" Wilh an easy and a good natured disposition, doct. A. soon formed an extensive acquaintance, obtained a good practice, and became a popular man. He was elevated to some of the most responsible offices in the gift of the people—one of which he held at the time of his death. So much for the charms of a Piano Forte! Tolkratiox.—When Abraham sat at his tent door, according to his custom, waiting to entertain strangers, he espied an old man stooping and leaning on his staff, weary with age and travel, coming towards him, who was an htiiidred years of age. He received him kindly, washed his feet, jirovided supper, and caused him to sit closvn; but observing that the old man eat, and prayed a blessing on his meat, he no! nor begged asked him why he did not worship the God of Heaven? The old man told him he worshipped the fire only; at which answer Abraham grew so zealously angry that he thrust the old man out of his tent, and ex-[josed him to all the evils of the night and an unguarded condition. When the old man was gone,God culled on Abraham and asked where the stranger was? Ho replied, I thrust him away because he did not worship thee. God answered hiin, I have suffered him these hundred years althotighhe dishonored me, and could thou not have endured him one night when he gave thee no trouble? Upon this, saith the story, Abraham fetched him back again, and gave iiim hospitable entertainment and wise instructions. Go thou and do likewise, and thy charity will be rewarded by the God ol' Abraham. An Oriental Storv.—Duritig the absence of R:ibbi Meir from his house, his two sons died—both of them of tincommon beauty and enlightened in the law. His wife bore them to her chamber, and laid them upon her bed, and spread a while covering over their bodies. When Rabbi Meir returned, his fi.st inquiry wa.s for his song. His wife reached him a goblet; he praised the Lord at the going out of the Sabbath, drank, and again asked, "where ate my sons, that they too may drink of the cup of blessing?" "'J'hey will not be far off," said she placing the food bofore him, that he might eat. lie was in a gl.id and genial mood, and when he had said grace after me'atjshe thus addressed him: "ii ibbi, with thy permission. I would fain propo.'^e to thee one qtiesiion." "Ask it, my love," replied he. "A few days ago, a person entrusted some jewels in my custody, and now he'de-mands them, should I give them back to him?" "^I'his is a question, said the Rabbi Meir, which my wife slio'ild not have thought'ne-cess.iry to ask. Wh.ii, would'st, thou hesitate or be reluctant to restore to every one his own?" "No," she replied, "yet I thought it best not to restore them, without acquainting ihee therewith." She then led him to the chamber, and stepping to the bed, took the white covering from the dead bodies. ."All! iny sons, my sons," loudly lamented their father, "my sons! Ihe light of my eyes and tijc light oi" my understanding, 1 was your father but ye were n)y teachers in the law." The mniher turned away and wept bitterly. At leiigili she took her husband by the htitid and said, "R;ibbi, didst thou not leach tne that we miisi not be rcluctant to restore i!i:il whicli was ennus'cd to our keeping? See, the Lord g.ive, and the Loul huh t:ik.' n away, and blessed be the naiii.e of iht! Loid!" "Blessed be Ihe name of the Lord," echoed itie holy m in; "tiitl blessed bo his holy name, forever."—M'uhua of the Rabbins. Thk Love or Naturi;.—The love of nature as a "ihing of life" exjilains the faci, which is well kuown to many who are un-aware of the cause, that in otir cummunion wilh nature, we never feel alone. We feel solitarv whcn we do not fiiid man amouii ì MEXICO. Í41 the present stale of our relations wilh this*country, the following statistical statement in relation to it will prove interesting: The republic of Mexico contains an area, in square miles, 1,050,000; the census of 1842, the latest taken, shows a population of 7,015,509; (this has since probably increased to between eight and nine millions.) Of this number, there were of Indians, 4.000,000; whites, 1,000,000; negroes, C.OOO. Of all other castes and colors. Ziinbocs, .Mestizoes, Miilalloes, &c., •J,000,50!). In Ihe cily of Mexico there are/our colleges, one under the control of liie archbishop and the others under that of the Government. The number of newspapers published in the cuumry, in 1S4Ü, amounted to 44, of wliich i'ix were published in th;; Departmeni of Mexico. The value of the Mexican manufacturing eslab-lishmuiits muy be estimated al ^12,000,-000; specie annually exported from that country, §20,000,000; exports of other products of induslrv, about §2,000,000; imports in 1840, $12,000,000. The public debt, foreign and internal, is estimated at $150,000,000—of which threo fifths are due to the English creditors. The actual income of the Government may be set down at $15,000,000. The Mexican Church possesses property to the amount of about $'S0,000,000. The number of religionists of all descriptions, regular and secular,clergy, monks and nuns, amounts to 7,000.— In 1840, the army of Mexico consisted of the following force: Brigades of artillery, (on foot,) 3; do. do. (uioimted) 1; separate companies, 5; engineer carj)s, 1; baltallion of sappers, 1; regiments of permaneni infantry, 8; regi' iiients of active infantry, 9; regiments of permanent cavalry, 8; regiments of active cavalry, G—the whole amouuting to about -10,000. This force has since been considerably increased, and is probably aug^menting every day. The navy was, in 1840, composed as follows:—Steam frigates, S; brigs, 2; schooners, 3; gunboats, 2. This force has also been increased. We may noW probably estimate the army at 50,01)0, and the navy as being composed of 12 vessels, of all sizes. Tne army numbers 14 generáis of division, and 23 of brigade. There are over three thousand mines uf the precious nietals in Mexico. Of these very few are gold mines. The ores of Gu- WiLLiAM Penn oy Marriage.—Never marry but for love—but see that thou lov-est what is lovely. If love be not thy chief motive, thou wilt soon grow weary oT the marriag:; stale, and stray t'rom thy promise to Fearch out pleasures in forbidden places. It is the difference between love and passion, that this is fixed, that volatile. They that marry for money, cannot have the true satisfaction of marriage, the requisite means being wunnng. O, how soidid man has grown! Man, the noblest creature in the world! As a god on earth, the image of him that made us—thus to mistake earth for heaven, and worship gold for God. the works of man. A deserted house is anahnato afford tho largest proportion of gold, which is about 3 penny weights of gold to one mark of silver. Most of the mines are in Northern Mexico. The whole a-mount coined at the mint in the city of Mexico, since the conquest, is ^'443,000,-000; since 1G90, $2yr),yG8,750. The annual produce of tlie mines is from 22 to 24,000.000 of dollars. The awaids made in 1842, in favor of American citizens, by the commission for the adjudication of American claims against the Mexican go-vernmenl, amounied to about ,$2,000,000. CoxcKALiiD Weapons.—A boy, who had his fists in his pockets, was accosted by his mastei in the lijliouing manner: "Hallo, boy, take those fisis out of your pockets; it's against the law to carry concealed weapons in ihis Siatu." one of the dreariest places in the world; it is more dreary than the raw cbillness of a new m^idc grave; and so is a deserted cily, lill nature has covered its ruins with verdure, and mad j it her own again. But we feel no such overpowering sense of loneliness among the works of God; there is a reverence or awe, indeed, when man stands on the sea-shore—when he gazes on the expanse of the desert—or when he stands al midnight on the deck of the vessel in the heart of the seas. Why is it so? Among ihe for&aken works of m;in we feel solitary, because man is not there. Among the works of God we never feel so desolate, because he is there. We find this among the adveniurers t)f the West; they have compbiiiied of .loneliness only in the jires-eiice of men. So in the Arabian deseris, Chautt aubriaiid found an iuleliigent young countrymen of his own who was so enchanted willi their sublime solitudes, that he had given up his friends and his home. How poweilully can this sentiment sometimes act upon the heart, we see in one of the most striking ofPark's adventures. He was in an African wilderness, far from any abodes of men, overcome with weariness, and ¡darmed by beasts of prey. He felt as if all was over with him, and was on the point of lying down in despair, when his eye rested on a little flower blooming alone amidst the desert sands. It carried his thoughts upwards at once to Him that made it. He asked himself if it were possible that the Being who sustained that little flower in existence,could withdraw his presence from suffering man. He no longer fell hopeless and alone; he went his way with new vigor, and soon reached a |)lace of repose and safety. And had ho felt deserted, he would in an hour have been torn by tfiie beasts of the desert, and to this day his bones would have whitened in ihe sun. When Darius oflijred Alexanderten thousand talents to divide Asia equally with him, he answered, "The earth cannot bear two suns, nor Asia two kings." Par-menio, a friend of Alexander, hearing the great offers Darius had made, said, "Were I Alexander I would except them." "So would I," replied Alexander, "were I Parmenio." Nobility is to be considered only as an imaginary distinction, unless accompanied wilh the practice of those generous virtues by which it ought to be obtained. Titles of hon(jr conferred upon such as have no personal merit, are at best but the royal stamp set upon base metal. Honorable age is not that which standelh in length of time, nor that which is measured by number of years;-but wisdom is the grey hair unto man, and unspotted life ;s old age. Wickednrss, condemned by her own witnesses, is very timorous, and being pressed with conscience always forecasleth evil things; for fear is nolhing else but a be- Maey.—Who docs not hive the common yet beautiful name, Mary? It is from the Hebrew and. means a "tear-drop." What sweet and joyous hours of other days— what pleasing associations does not the name call up to every heart! Who knows aiig-fat ill of Mary?' Who that does not love the name? If there«is anything gentle and valued and womanly, what Mary possesses it not? Was it not Mary who was • "Last at the cross, . And earliest at the grave?" And was not Mary the mother of the Savior of the world?—Boston Sun. traying of the eth. succors which reason offcr- The noblest spirits are those which turn to Heaven, not in the hour of sorrow, bui in that of joy; like the lark, they wait for the clouds to disperse, to soar up iato their native element. A gentleman in New Orleans was agreeably surprised the oiher day, to find a plump turkey served up for his dinner, and as'ied of hisservanl how it was obtained. "Why, sa," replied blackec, "dat ar turkey is been roosting on our fence tree nites; so dis mor-niu' 1 seize him for de rent ob de fence." The white of egg is said to bo a specific for fish bones sticking in the throat. It is to be swallowed raw, and will ctirry down, a bone easily and certainly. The pleasure which effects the human mind with the most lively and transporting touches, is the sense that we act in the eye of infinite wisdom, power, and goodness, that will crown our virtuous endeavors here with a hapi)iness hereafter, large as our desires ;md lasting as our immortal souls. Without this Ihe highest state of life is insipid, and witli it tlie lowest is a purtidise. Though an honorable title may be conveyed to posterity, yet the ennobling qualities which are the soul of greatness are a sort of incommunicable perception, and cannot be transferred. If a man could bequeath his virtues by will, and settle his sense and learning upon his heirs, as certainly as he can his land, a noble descent would then indeed be a valuable privilege. LATER FROM THE SOUTH. By the arrival of the steam ship Galveston, at N. Orleans, we have still later dates from Vera Cruz. Tlicy areto the loth insi, and we are happy to say, put a more fiivoraltle aspect upon things than by former advices. Gun. Cadwallader had succeeded in effecting a junction with the upland train under col. M'lntosh,at the National Bririge, where he dispersed the guerrilla liands in a short time. The calculation of the relative loss is 100 on the part of the Mexicans, and 15 kiKed and 30 or 40 wounded on the part of gen. Cadwalladar. There is not the slightest doubt that the result has much emboldened the country population, who are now joining the guerrilla bands in considerable numbers. The estimated loss of col. Mcintosh's parly is about $40,000. For miles the road was strewed with empty boxes and bacon sides which had been captured by the enemy, as well as the fine horse sent as a present to col. Harney fiom his frends in New Orleans. Much dissatisfaction is expressed on all sides regarding col. Mcintosh's arrangements for the safety of the train on the line of march. It is supposed a court oî inquiry will be called to invesligate the particulars. Tiie vomito was still very severe at Vera Cruz, but it was confined principally to foreign residents. - We have some further information from g;;n. Scott. He was still at Puebla, doing all that he could lo conciliate the favor of the numerous Catholic Priesis of that cily, of which there were about 500, and dis-an^iing the population of their prejudices against the Americans. He was to start within two or three weeks from the date of latest inlolligence, for the city of .Mexico. 'Reinforcements were continually arriving. In the capital itself, all was "confusion worse confounded." Every thing was upside down. It was thought Santa Atina resigned the Presidency to give Hcrrera an opportunity to conclude a peace, standing in the back-ground himself to take advantage of the movement afierwards according to the popular breeze. It was also thought gen. Scott had been instructed to lend his strength to the support ofaiiy power or administration in Mexico which should conclude a peace. In that case it is most reasonably surmised there would have to be a suflicient force left there to protcct such an administration, or the peace thus negotiated would last no longer than the time gen. Scott was getting out of the country ! We throw these conjectures out for what they are worth. Gen. Ahnonte was in prison, charged with a treasonable correspondence with one of the American Generals. It was said he would be shot agreeably to the sentence of a court martial which had been held on him. There are no Mexican troops between Puebla and the capital, nor any moms of defence thrown up at Rio Frio, or El Penon, as had previously been asserted. The whole force in the city of Mexico, al latest advices from thence, amounted to about 25,-000 men, indifferently armed and equipped. A small train, piolected by a rccruiling party, a number of disbanded soldiers, 1.50 in all, 75 of whom were armed, 30 being mounted, left Puebla for Vera Cruz, on the Sth insl., under command of capi. Bain-bridge, 3d artillery. This parly was much harrassed by the guerrillas, with whom they had several skirmishes, but managed to reach col. Mcintosh's encarnimient with a loss of five killed and one wagon captured. Capt. Walker, in the vicinity of Pero^, had succeeded in capturing 19 guerrilla and a hostile alcade whom he has .set to work as scavengers at the castle in that city. If the goverment had equipped more such companies as captain Walker's we would liear of less outrages IVom bands. They had a little fight at Tampico on the l5th. The Mexicans were reported to be guerrilla It is said that the authorities of New Or-leaiis have passed- a resolution requiring a certain number of piles of stone to be collected within the Municipalities, for the accommodation of the Musquiloes upon the coming summer, in order to prevent this numerous class of insects from tearing up the pavements to sharpen their bills upon. A man seeing in the streets an old woman driving some asses, said to her, "Adien, mother of asses." "Adieu, adieu, my son!" answered she. 1,500 strong in the vicinity of that place. On the night of the 12ih inst., demonstrations were made by the Mexican citizens to ris Í, but by timely information our tioops were on the alert, and lay on their arms all night. On the 15th inst., a party of Mexican lancers attacked the out-posls and diove all the sentinels into the city. On the IGth a party of Mexican rancheros attacked the Pilot Siation; they were greeted with a volley of musketry, when they retrealed. P. S.—Since the above was in type, wo have received the Pittsburgh Gazette, containing a telegraphic disj)aich from Philadelphia, 28th ult., announcing the most important intelligence from gen. Scoti'sarmy. The attack on Tanipico is confirmed. Gen. Scott and Worth, with about 5000 troops, had reached Rio Frio where they expected to encounter strong opposition Instead of this, they were met by a deputation from the capital with propositions to enter at once upon negotiations for peace. The terms were such as transcended the instructions of gen. Scott and mr. Trist, and were therefore refused, gen. Scott declaring his intention to march on the capital and make peace there. The Mexicans showed a disposition to come to almost any terms to keep the American Army out of the city of the Montezumas.— Ind. Journal, July 2. From the Michigan City News. ALLEGED CENSURE OF GEN. TAYLOR. "Rcsohed, ^ * * that the censuro cast by them [the administration membera of the last Congress] by a vote of tho House upon the terms made by General Taylor at the capitulation of Monterey, was unworthy the representatives of the nation, for whom he had perilled his life." The above is a part of one of the resolutions passed by tho Whig Congressional Convention at Plymouth, on the 13th of May last. Whig principles must be at a sad discount when the whig ||aders are forced ti resort to such miserable fystian to bolster up a sinking cause. The object of the resolution is apparent: it is 10 carry the impression that mr. Cath-cart voted "virtually" to censure gen.Taylor. It is a suflicient reply to all this to say that the resolution of the House, to which the above refers, was not a resolution of censure, but a mere refusal to approve or disapprove the "terms of the capitulation of Monterey," as we shall show before we conclude. All who know mr. Cathcart . know him to be a staunch friend of gen. Taylor. In fact, mr. C. voted to suspend ihe rules to allow the original resolution of I hanks to be introduced. We shall see by iliti record, that attempts to amend the rcso-lulion were declared out of order, and when the final voting was had the resolution was in such a shape that no one could vote against it without voting that tho war was unjust. This, of course, no true patriot would do, and hence we find mr. C. voting in the affirmaiive. But whenthercso-Uuion catnc back from the Senate amended and simj)!y rendering thanks to gen. Taylor and his army, mr. Cathcart voted for it as it expressed his views exactly. We do not know to whom the honor of first "censuring the terms" of the capitulation belongs. We believe that the Louisville Journal (whig) is entitled to this distinguished honor! At that time the whig papers unsparingly denounced the Administration for instructing (as they said) gen. Taylor to make those terms. But no sooner was it found that it had not instructed him, and the boot was on the other leg, than the whole federal camp was filled with the most dismal howling. In endeavoring to denounce the Administration, they had severely censured gen. Taylor. From the United Slates Gazette of the 13th of October last, we copy the following article as a fair sample of the ravings of the whig press shortly after the Monterey affair: "It is singular that, after so trivmphant a course, gen. Taylor should bring so IM' POTENT AND UNSATISFACTORY A CONCLUSION TO HIS OPERATIONS, and we should be inclined to CENSURE CONDUCT [!!] which permitted a large army, irith its leader, to depart in safety, ii-cllsupplied with arms and cannon, without the exaction even of a promise not to fight again, were we not made certain, by circumstances and the above semi-official announcement, that gen. Taylor acted not according to his own jadgmentf but in accordance with the orders of the cabinet at Washington ; which, being alarmed by the frightful expense of the war it heedlessly and wickedly entered upon, now seeking to purchase peace upon almost ANY TERMS. It is evident that gen. Taylor could soon have captured the army of Ampudia, and so deprived it of the opportunity of being arrayed again in opposition to our arms; and it is absurd to suppose he would have made such conditions as have been mentioned, and added thereto an armistice of eight weeks in duration, <{/"-ter so much hard fighting, and the loss of so many valuable officers and men. "Ampudia himself proposed capitulation, and the government, in its extreme desire to secure peace, has so hampered gen. Taylor as to oblige hitu to leave the advantage wilh the enemy. Should the ill-judged mercy of the cabinet fail of its intended effect, as it most probably willj^-en. Taylor icill be obliged to encounter the same army at San Luis Potosí, whither .it will go It is an old adage, that "persons in glass houses should n't throw stones.'" The fact is, the whigs, and not the democrats, Have censured gen. Taylor. But as the resolution of Coftgress appears to be the sole slock in trade of our whig friends—the beneficial operations of the Taiiff and Independent Treasury having rendered their doctrines obsolete—we will give its history from the Congressional Globe, p. 295, et seq. —As we have before stated, at the time the House resolution passed, "all of the facts and reasons in relation to the capitulation had not transpired," and hence mr. Douglass, of Illinois, remarked : "As tothe capitulation of Monterey, the Administration had forborne to express a judgment, but had charitably presumed there were sufficient reasonsfor it. Butas the House had no official knowledge of what those reasons were, it was unwilling to commit iiself in a matter of which it knew no-ihint'." This alone is an ample defence cf the resolution as passed. The record shows that mr. Cocke—who wilh other whigs had denounced the war and voted against the » act under which gen. Taylor was created a Major General (!)—introduced a resolution INDIANA STATS 1J0RART ^iahafous ;