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Kokomo Tribune (Newspaper) - May 8, 1994, Kokomo, Indiana Science medicine 68 May Kokomo tribune bo found near South Pole WASHINGTON AP Polar plains now scoured by frigid winds and sub zero temperatures were warm enough 200 million years ago to be home to large meateating according to researchers who unearthed fossils of a new Williaih Hammer of Augustana College in Rock reports today in the journal Science that fossils of a previously unknown dinosaur were found on an Antarctica mountainside 400 miles from the South Hammer led an expedition that braved 25 degreebelowzero temperatures to dig out pounds of fossilbearing The fossils have now been assembled to reveal a meateating dinosaur with a distinctive bony crest on top of its We called it Cryolophosaurus or frozen crested Hammer said Thats because its got a crest on its head and we almost froze to death collecting The animal measured about 25 feet in length and stood about 12 feet high when it walked on its large hind It had small a long tail and powerful jaws armed with rows of sharp said Its appearance is similar to a group of dinosaur meateaters called But the crested reptile was unique because of its location and the aee in which it This is the first dinosaur find on the mainland of Antarctica and is the high est latitude said They fossils were only about 400 miles from the South This he that Antarctica then had a climate mild enough to sup port large animal including herds of planteaters that would be the prey of the crested He said the climate of the area then was similar to that of northern Oregofl and Mixed among the bones of the meat said Were leg and neck bones from a a type of planteating dinosaur that has been found other This indicates to us that this thing was probably feeding on a herbivore skeleton when it said the At the time the animal Antarctica was still attached to other southern conti A process called continental dfift caused the large land masses to slowly separate from a single body over millions of Hammer estimates that the site of his dig was at about 65 degrees south latitude 200 million years now is at about 85 Hammer said the fossils may help fill a gap in tracing the evolution of This is early in the which is pretty early in the evolution of he It shows that carnivores got large and evolved Very The age of the animal was determined by who dated rocks found just above the This is a spectacular hew said Paul Sereno of the University of Its really the first good look weve had at what existed in Antarctica during the Jurassic The find is important not only for understanding he but also for studying the ancient This is a highly significant said Mike Parish of Northern Illinois It is an animal new to It opens up a whole new chapter in our under standing of which published the is the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Strokes cost nation a bundle billion per study says WASHINGTON AP r Strokes cost the nation at least billion a but the bills can range from to a patient and dont always correlate with sur a new study Why the disparity Thats the study author David Matcher of Duke University said We are now trying to under stand the relationship between what we what it costs and what it Strokes are the nations third leading killer after heart disease and They strike some people a killing and leaving others unable to move or even They are caused when a blood clot or fatty deposit blocks an artery or a blood vessel hemor rhages in the killing brain No approved treatments exist to stop a stroke all doctors can do is help patients The National Stroke Association said Wednesdays study is the first to put a price tag on strokes and found they cost more than all other illnesses except heart dis ease and The commissioned by the federal Agency for Health Care Policy and Research and unveiled at a neurosurgery conference analyzed 1991 Medicare records of stroke It concluded that medical rehabilitation and lost productivi ty cost billion in the first three months the time when prob lems could be positively attribut ed to The average medicaPcost per patient was Bills ranged from to a high of in some severe One in 10 patients had bills of more than 11 percent of patients died during their initial After three 20 percent had Fortyfive percent left the hospital for a rehabilitation center or nursing researchers discov ered Mortality was lowest in New and highest in the Mountain region from Montana to at But both regions spent an average of per Of stroke victims who 42 percent in the Central Northwest region from North Dakota to Kansas returned home compared to 62 percent in the Central Southeast Alabama and the Central Southeast region spent about more per states spent from an average low of per patient to an average high of Rural areas spent about per compared with in Differences in stroke severity and overall health cant entirely explain the cost and survival dis so scientists now are looking at doctors Matchar Stroke costs are one part of the fiveyear Doctors now will figure out which treatments offer victims the best chance of recov ery at the best Theyll also concoct a strategy to prevent determining the effectiveness of stroke education ajjd interventions like aspirin therapy to fight blood clots and spgery to clear fatclogged arter Looking through the glass Jesse gets a different view of the world as he experiments with a water prism after school at Haskin in Many of the oys available in his sixthgrade class are related to AP photo Heart rhythm problems dangerous on the road CHICAGO AP Survivors of heartrhythm abnormalities seri ous enough to put them in the hospital shouldnt drive again until at least eight months after when their risk of repeat episodes is doctors Such called bring sudden death to about Americans each In episodes of the worst arrhyth which strike the hearts main pumping people almost always The likelihood of repeat episodes declines with to about a chance per month after seven Oregon doctors That is about the same risk as the actual accident rate among motor vehicle drivers overall in where the study was said Greg the lead author and a cardiologist at the Portland Veterans Affairs Medical The study is published in The Journal of the American Medical Its important to recognize that were comparing apples and Larsen saia in a tele phone interview We looked at arrhythmia events that could to not at actual But doctors currently have no yardstick at which to base recommendations about when arrhythmia patients should resume and state restric tions vary he A 1991 study found that 26 states regulated driving by people who had lost consciousness other than because of and the length of driving restrictions ranged from six weeks to 18 Only eight states specifically regulated driving by people who had suffered fainting spells caused by me study The states are all over the lot on said Mike associate administrator for traffic safety programs at the National Highway Traffic Safety Usually states are guided by their own medical he said He did not have an updated overview of state regula Jane executive director for public policy at the National Safety said her group has no position on the Data on crashes caused by arrhythmias and other medical problems is she Altogether we would find the nymber of crashes and fatalities due to those kinds of things would be very small compared to the causes we such as alco hol not wearing a she said Monday from Larsens team studied 501 sur vivors of the two potentially lethal types of arrhythmia ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibril lation who were cared for by the Oregon Health Sciences University Arrhythmia Service between August 1978 and October Patients were tracked for a because most arrhythmia sur vivors decide within the first year whether to drive they During the 17 per cent of the 501 patients experi enced episfades that could impair their driving the researchers The risk was percent in the first then dropped to about percent per month in the second through seventh then to about percent in months eight through they It would make sense to restrict driving for most survivors qf arrhythmia for seven they Eat your carrots Forget those beta carotene pills By BARBARA DESKINS Pittsburgh PostGazette Are you confused about beta carotene If you are not Even distinguished members of the nutrition community are puz zled by the findings in a recent The study in question was pub lished in the April 14issue of the New England Journal of Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute and the National Public Health Institute in it involved Finnish 50 and all of whom were longtime men were divided into four groups one took vitamin E one took beta a third group took both nutrients and the fourth group took a dummy or The sub jects consumed these supplements for five to eight Researchers found no evidence that beta carotene can protect against cancer and heart In it may have harmful as the men in the group taking beta carotene were more likely to die from lung cancer and heart The results from ingesting vitamin E were less sig and could be due to the investigators The reason the experts are puz zled comes from comparing ttiese findings to other recent studies in which beta carotenerich foods were examined For Boston researchers studying the diet of more than found that who ate five or more serv ings of carrots a week were 68 per cent less likely to suffer a stroke than those who ate just one serv ing a In another men who con sumed 200 grams of carrots daily about carrots for three weeks had their serum cholesterol lowered by 11 And studies on a group of men in New Jersey showed that the consumption of dark yellow orange vegetables sweet potatoes and winter squash more consistently predicted a reduced risk of lung cancer than eating any other food In all of these it was suggested that the reason the foods exhibited a protective effect was because Of their high antioxi dant particularly beta What is beta carotene Beta carotene is the pigment responsi ble for the typical orange color of vegetables and fruits including sweet potatoes and winter It is also present in dark green vegeta bles such as spinach and though the orange is covered up by the green color of the chloro Because of its ability to beta carotene is often used as an additive in foods such as mar which has about 4 mil ligrams added per pound so it will look more like Until beta carotene has been considered a harmless sub so that taking large quanti ties in supplement form was not thought to be though it can turn your skin yellow as it did in about a quarter of the Finnish who were taking 20 milligrams of beta carotene The human body can convert about half of the beta carotene ingested into vitamin a nutrient necessary for healthy skin and mucous membranes that line the inner cavities of the Vitamin A is also required for proper But the current intense interest in beta carotene as well as two other vitamins C and E focuses on their ability to act as Antioxidants are thought to be able to destroy free which some scientists theorize not only accelerate aging but also contribute to the forma tion of cancers and as well as initiating the buildup of fatty deposits in the Free radicals are chemical com pounds formed during the normal functioning of the and the antioxidants are believed to be able to mop up these chemical thus reducing their potential for damage to body Nutritionists have preached that the best way to obtain vitamins is by consuming them in but recently a number of them have cautiously begun to suggest that perhaps supplements are all right maybe even Americans have heard them and are swallowing antioxidant pills in everincreasing Sales of beta for rose by 31 percent in 1993 But the latest Finnish study casts doubt on whether reaching for the supplement bottle to ward off chronic disease and the progres sion of aging is such a good Research continues on the role of antioxidants in slowing down as well as preventing killer Many clinical trials are in and these studies will continue to fill in pieces of the nutrition puzzle in years to Based on what we know it makes a lot more sense to reach for the bag of carrots instead of the beta carotene 3RD Animal Turn Around Breakfast May 12 Kokomo Country Club 1993 Turnaround Breakfast The Howard County Turnaround Council will recognize Howard County Students at a special awards breakfast who have overcome barriers to their Special guest speaker is William First Presbyterian pastor since Ungerer has appeared on a number of radio interview programs and wnile in Ohio appeared on the Sunday Morning Magazine TV program of Channel a talk show hosted by Tom Ungerer dealt with the subject of The Council aims to reward students selected for overcom ing emotional or problems by pro viding recognition and establishing a fund for future scholarship You may send a scholarship donation to Howard County Turnaround Attn Nanette City Indiana William Ungerer Guest Speaker Sponsored By CocaCola Bottling Don Lowry Kokomo Tribune
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