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Kokomo Tribune (Newspaper) - October 9, 1975, Kokomo, Indiana EDITORIALS 4 KOKOMO (Ind TRIBUNE Thursday. October 9. 1975 If New York collapses Suppose New York City's finan- ces collapse and the city no longer is able to meet its payroll. In other words, suppose that its govern- ment ceases to function, with all that such a calamity would imply in the cessation of municipal servi- ces. Would there be a domino effect, as the mayors of other big Ameri- can cities have been warning? Would the spectacle of New York defaulting on its obligations have a chilling impact on the tax base of other cities? Would, indeed, the fact that the nation's largest city went broke mean that the nation it- self could wind up, eventually, in a similar disaster? Arguments are being made in fa- vor of the federal government bail- ing out New York. Much of the de- bate centers on the psychological effect of allowing a large city to go down the financial drain. It is rem- iniscent of the arguments which persuaded Congress to prop up Lockheed Aircraft and the Penn Central Railroad. There were warnings that if such big corpora- tions were permitted to fail the ef- fect would be to worry the country by creating a fear that the capital- ist system was cracking up and starting a panic. We're not so sure that the bank- ruptcy of New York would have the dire domino impact that some fear it would. For one thing, it is widely known that New York is in trouble because its government has spent far more than it could take in through taxes and fees. It is com- mon knowledge that New York's trouble is of its own making. The Wall Street Journal put it well in commenting on the uneasi- ness of Mayor McNicols of Denver. McNichols warned: "Every big city in the country is like a tenant in a big building. If you heard that a third-floor tenant's floor was going to collapse, you can't think it isn't going to hurt you." To which The Journal re- sponded: "We'll agree that if your third-floor neighbor's floor is about to collapse, you go to any lengths to shore it up. But Mayor McNi- chols has the wrong metaphor. As a second-Poor tenant, what do you do if you hear that your third-floor neighbor, who on an income of a year has been throwing wild parties, spending like there was no tomorrow and putting it all on credit cards, suddenly finds himself insolvent? Do you and your fellowtenants rush to the landlord and demand that the spendthrift be extended indefinite credit, saying that you will pay the bills? In the alternative, what hap- pens to you if your third-floor neighbor can't pay his bills, stick- ing Carte Blanche, American Ex- press and BankAmericard with the In other words, because one big city has failed to run itself respon- sibly, is that any excuse for an- other city to go the same spendth- rift route? There is a case, we think for insisting that a govern- mental unit stay within its income and that it resist pressures which can bring it to the edge of chaos. New York City has not resisted these pressures. It may be that some cities will indeed go through the travail that is affecting New York, since they too have been trying to provide too much and have been paying muni- cipal wages that they can't afford. But is it too much to expect them to take the painful way out by reduc- ing their spending so that their credit will not be impaired? Why should a unit of government be any different than a family or a private business in managing its finances so as to remain solvent? The President and bureaucrats For all the talk about "the im- perial presidency" and the abuse of executive power, the fact of the matter is that a president is to a startling degree at the mercy not only of Congress but of a horde of invisible bureaucrats who are vir- tually immune to executive discip- line. So says university professor and columnist John P. Roche, who bases the statement on his exper- ience as a speech writer and ad- visor B. Johnson. Harry Truman was right when he said "the buck stops here." That is, it is the president's obliga- tion to settle policy. From however, says Roche, "you rapidly learn that the real problem is to get important decisions where they belong: on the desk in the Oval Of- fice." Stopping the buck at 'the top "does not call for displays of cour- age as much as it does for an effi- cient espionage apparatus to guar- antee that key decisions are not being made by invisible bureau- crats, to make sure the buck does not stop someplace else." The armor of this bureaucracy is civil service tenure, provided by Congress to about 98 per cent of the administrative establishment and originally considered a great re- form designed to eliminate the spoils system. Roche discovered that he was one of only about 700 members of the thousands in the Johnson administration whom the President could summarily fire. The real battle in Washington, he claims, is not between the admin- stration and Congress. "It is be- tween the president and a secret alliance of the legislature and the bureaucracy, who share the com- mmon objective of cutting the president down." It is almost impossible to exag- gerate the ingenuity displayed by the bureaucracy in stonewalling a presidential policy, he says. Take the example of the supply of deadly poisons retained by the CIA in defiance of a presidential order. How could the president have found out about it? The CIA direc- tor didn't tell him. By getting one of the invisible men down about five layers to squeal on another? Actually, says Roche, most epi- sodes of this sort surface because of a personal grudge leading to an anonymous tip to a congressman or journalist. Watergate, he suggets, while it was an absurd, criminal extreme, was part of a process that goes back to World War II in which presidents have been driven to improvise techniques for control of the administration. Ironically, in his effort to create the power the textbooks say he had, Richard Nixon set in motion a train of events leading to congres- sional predominance unmatched in history. Gnomes of Moscow The Russians are giving the "gnomes of Zurich" a run for their money or more accurately, the money of people who are in the market for a secret, numbered bank account, for which Swiss banks have long been famous. According to Barren's financial weekly, "Eagerness to lay hands on Western currencies is pushing the Soviet Union to unashamedly capitalistic activities." A Russian bank in Zurich, for ex- ample, has put out colored folders advertising the charms of a secret, numbered account with its parent institution in Moscow, the Soviet Foreign Trade Bank. Such ac- counts can be opened in Zurich and keep in freely transferable foreign currencies in Moscow. All the attractions of a Swiss bank account (which the United States and other foreign govern- ments are trying to diminish) are promised by the Russians, plus something the Swiss cannot equal: free insured delivery of diamonds, gold coins and bullion bought through their bank. Victor Riesel Some low profile politics SAN FRANCISCO As always at a massive national convention, the sig- nificant news in this political season was made off the auditorium floor where thousands of national AFL-CIO leaders met earlier this week. The news came from this city's la- bor mayor, Joe Alioto, who began talking of a Ted Kennedy-Hubert Humphrey national Democratic presi- dential ticket in '76. Alioto rarely fails to reflect labor sentiment, and for a few days it appeared that for the first time he was switching his political re- ligion. But then came Henry (Scoop) Jack- son to the convention podium itself. He got his audition. He didn't get the part. He got kissed off by labor's chief of chiefs, George Meany, like an un- known 72nd relative showing up for the reading of the last will and testa- ment. Rarely if ever have I heard Meany introduce a convention speaker as coldly as he did Jackson. It was a swift here is Henry Jackson, junior Senator from Washington. And when this presidential frontrunner fin- ished a sycophantic speech, sporadi- cally applauded with brief smattering of polite handclapping, Jackson was told tersely by Meany, thanks and good luck. Meany's voice was as icy as an Alaskan pipeline leak and Meany obviously was tolling (ho thou- sand delegates this Senator is on his own, his very own. And the Tod Kennedy talk persisted. For example, the leader of an organi- zation of one million unionists scoffed at talk of Kennedy's resistance to a draft, snortod at reports that Kennedy had repeatedly told some delegates here ho just won't run under any cir- cumstances. And from one of Tod Kennedy's inti- mates, a man who is close to the en- tire family, I learned during a long distance telephone conversation thai Kennedy's presidential nmbilions aro very much alive. And thai "Tod thinks Hubert is one nf Hie most quali- fied men in the Senate or any branch of government." Thus out of all this springs one cer- tainty: Scoop Jackson can count on very little national labor support (hir- ing (ho primary races es- pecially in Now York next April where the AKI.-CK) now is building a power- ful new political machine for the na- tional Democratic convention dele- gate selection fight. Sure there was a posh cocktail party thrown for Scoop Jackson last Sunday night here by a handful of labor lead- ers. But that was paid for by the mari- time unions because "Scoop is a good maritime Senator." The key to labor's make-or-break political action next year is George Meany and not because he is the "boss." To fully understand this labor movement, one should realize thai Meany is a consensus man, some- limes a consensus maker among his powerful colleagues, but always a consensus taker amongsl his peers. Despile his personalily and senior- ity, he couldn't be rcelected by accla- mation decade after decade if he didn't truly speak for his Executive Council. The men on the 35-membcr high command aren't palsies. They are powerful personalilies in Iheir own right regardless of age. If they so decided they could name the day Ihc United Slates would stand still on land, sea and air. They take Meany's leadership because he deliv- ers what they want in and out of the White House most of the lime. There's been lalk that the AFL-CIO convention was dull because it re- flected Meany's age. Well, he's not dull or aged. During one convention break he did a soft-shoe routine while the organ played "Sidewalks of New York." Some of us chuckled the other midnight when he returned from some gathering and the hold elevator doors slid shoe in his face. He struck them wilh his cane and they parted to admit him. Someone said he could do thai lo the San Francisco Bay waters or the next Democratic national convention. But lie's more Machiavolli than Moses, lie kepi (ho 11th biennial AFL- CIO convention low key because he doesn't want the nation to believe that labor controls (ho Democratic party, nor names its presidential slate. So the huge convention hall was undecoratcd, just the AFL-CIO sym- bol. No banners demanding a 35-hour week, nor any calling for a minimum wage. Very few floor speeches. Very liltle offorl to make the national headlines. Meany made the rounds all bill to private gatherings only, lie didn'l speak, as "You mean they're all security LETTERS FROM TRIBUNE READERS Jaycee books are worth supporting We are presently employed by the Kokomo Jaycees to contact the public via phone and to offer for sale their sixth annual merchandise coupon book. Some months ago Kokomo was flooded with coupon books known as "Infaltion Fighters." It was not a lo- cally sponsored project the books were oversold and some of the mer- chants are unable to fully honor those coupons. This has caused the Jaycee books to lose their popularity. Sales have drop- Jostled her pet peeve he ususally does to any of the precon- cention departmental mini-conven- tions. But not for a moment did he cease exuding anti-Ford signals. He set the labor slogan for 1976 Stop the "Ford-Nixon" party. On Monday morning just before Jackson spoke, all delegates found a copy of the AFL-CIO news, a tabloid, on their tables. It's lead headline was "Ford's Nixon Script Poses Threat of Disaster Meany." That was the de- finitive position. Question then is: if Meany is Mr. Consensus as well as Mr. Labor, whom will the powerful national Com- mittee on Political Education (COPE) back for President next year? The answer is the Democrat Meany believes will win. He doesn't believe Jackson can get off the ground. He is fond of Hubert Hum- phrey after all, he virtually ran HHH's 1908 campaign singlehandedly. And Meany thinks Hubert can win. But there are younger faces who could win more easily. One of them is Ted Kennedy. Word is that Meany would go all out for the youngest Kennedy brother if the Democratic national convention were tied up between Jackson and Hu- bert Humphrey. This was the talk in the corridors of the convention. No one wanted to be quoted. Virtually ev- eryone had nice words for Hubert. But the up-and-at-'em crowd was and is for Ted Kennedy. They believe lie certainly can win. That's what they want. And in Meany's vintage years, that's what he wants most. To Mrs. K. C. seeking a chance to work: "Did you ever jostle my "pet peeve" regarding Kokomo in your at- tempts to get employment. Honey, are you naive! What you don't know is if these employers can't give you a good excuse they'll make one up if they just plain don't want you! What you apparently don't know, too, there is obviously, a caste system here that would put India's to shame. As evi- denced in one recent example, if you read the article regarding the hiring of CETA employees who have mates gainfully employed, did you notice that one was the wife of a prominent Kokomoan. I was turned down for a job at the same facility for being "overly Well, knowing the real reason, I could have pursued le- gal action or enforcing a governmen- tal law, but I also knew this would be a waste as I probably could have been slapped with suffering from some sort of syndrome. Another person with whom I am acquainted, a very indus- trious, conscientious, attractive and qualified person was also turned away. In another instance I was tur- ned down by an attorney for lacking legal experience, yet he hired a girl that appeared so young that she couldn't have had much experience at all let alone time to learn all required of an experienced legal secretary. I might add, however, that one law firm waived this requirement. I have had far more respect for this man had he merely stated, that he preferred someone younger. I could cite examples after examples where experience and qualifications were not a deterrent factor, wherein I could prove that either age or lack of social status was the deterrent. I was driven to having to apply for public welfare, after having ex- hausted many attempts to seek gain- ful employment. During the applica- tion I cried, as I couldn't believe that anyone with the qualifications and ex- perience that I possessed would ever have to resort to public assistance. The lady that was handling my case at the Welfare office comforted me, and she said she knew I abhorred the idea, Put them to work I would like to voice my approval of putting people on welfare to work. There has been talk of using these people to clean roadsides or similar work. Why would we not make them work and let the many people on wel- fare take advantage of us. Welfare is a prime factor in our un- employment rate also. People are get- ting payed not to work. With the econ- omy the way it is we are watching oursevles turn into a completely so- cialistic society. Are we going to let our democratic values be replaced by socialism? I contend that we let the people on welfare make it on their own or at least put them to work. JIM ANDERSON Thanks To the Chief, and all IhcFiremcn who worked so long so hard, so dili- gently and so efficiently to save Mill- ers Tavern and other buildings in the immediate area to the fire that de- stroyed Moorcs Pie Shop, we say "Thank You" and we want everyone to know that we are very appreciative of a job well done! Dort, Harry, Hazel, Mick And All Employees Of Millers Tavern but that that is their purpose. By the Grace of God, a job opened up with the federal government and I did not have to receive the assistance after all. I subsequently wrote.a letter to Senator Bayh stating that all people who receive public welfare assistance are not He responded to my letter within exactly one week after writing, and his not realizing I had managed to gain employment, he went to great lengths to get to the root of the problem. But never be misled that despite laws, experience, lack of experience, senatorial intervention, the state of the economy, or whatever you can't buck the system! All I say is, if you don't have to work, get down on your hands and knees in thankful- ness jf you do have to work look to God for mercy! J.S. Must be said I don't like to write letters like this but it seems a few things should be said about our neighborhood. I have lived, owned and paid taxes on property here for 20 years. I have constantly improved same, kept the yard mowed and hedges clipped every week. I always sweep the street along the curb after every mowing many limes as much as three houses one either side of me. Many times I have also swept it as many as three times a week and picked up any trash on both sides of the street whether in front of my house or not any neigh- bor will attest to that I'm sure. The trouble is that passing teenag- ers and youngsters do not have any re- spect for one's property or rights. You can't ask them please do not throw things in street or on sidewalk, you have to tell them. Then they get mad and do it for spite, seemingly. Everyone says they are afraid to say anything because they might come back and really do something. Maybe I should be afraid but I'm not, after I have worked hard keeping my place looking nice I'm not sitting by and watching it torn up and cluttered. I was called away recently on ac- count of illness. My neighbor said a lot of half-eaten, dirty and infested ap- ples were in front of her house and mine she was kind enough to pick them up. I rent the back of property next door to me with an apple Iree. I looked out and about six or seven boys (some young men) had apples thrown ail over the neighborhood, my yard, next door yard and Red Cross parking lot. I was going lo call the police, but I saw three boys I knew. I let them un- derstand the next time I would. I'm sure there is a no litter, no tres- passing and defacing property law that can be enforced. So parents, you guys, anyone guilty, I have given my last warning so if I find anything damaged I do know who some of you arc and I'm sure the pol- ice can find the rest from you as yet I have said nothing to any parent. I want to be friendly and will be if you fellows (and girls) will be ladies and gentlemen I just want to live in peace and quiel. We have a fine large beautiful school yard we (and your parents) spent thousands of dollar for, right here to play any ball games and have fun with your friends. Why not use it. You are welcome, you know. I'm not mean, but 1 do Rot terribly mad when I find things cluttered. L.S.D. ped from previous years. Some resi- dents are cautious and others indig- nant. It has caused irreparable harm to an established annual project, a source of income which Jaycees need for sponsoring their community en- deavors and as Howard County Junior Miss Pageant, Halloween Parade, Haunted House with the Y.W.C.A. Easter Egg Hunt, and others. We have been working with the hope that "tomorrow will be a better sales If you would support your Kokomo Jaycees, buy a book and take advantage of the value for Call 453-9444 for delivery or follow the Jaycee signs to the Social Room at the Fontenelle between a.m. and p.m. Mrs. C.C. Applause for Castner A round of applause for the article appearing in the paper of October 1, stating Police Chief Castner's views on the weakness in our criminal jus- tice system. How many times pave we read where case after case have been dismissed becuase of lack of evidence. As Mr. Castner said, in some cases the evidence wasn't even given a chance to testify. The job of a police officer must be very frustrating and discouraging when he wants to take the criminal off the streets and knows full well the courts will throw them right back into society maybe a little probation and in less than a year you'll read their name in the paper again for a crime very similar. This is extremely hard for many people to understand. I feel our system needs a good cleaning up. How can Mr. American Citizen help? M.E.C. Bite the bullet I would like to voice my opinion about the current pay raises voted in for congress by congress. With the an- nual budget millions in the red, and the fact that representatives receive con- siderable fringe benefits (postal rates, stationery etc.) this raise unjustifia- ble. It seems that maybe .Congress should bite the bullet for a while, and practice what they try to preach about spending. Lets make these expendi- tures an issue in the next election. Kevin Abney WHAT PEOPLE ARE SAYING we are successful, really suc- cessful in working out (a new SALT) trealy, it would be of the greatest im- portance not only for you and for us but for all to come for dozens and doz- ens of years." leader Leonid Brezhnev, discussing the potential of a new SALT treaty with visiting American astronauts. The Kokomo Tribune 300 N Union SI KoKoroo. Indiana 46901 fvenmg edilions published daily except Saturday. Sunday, Memorial Day. and Labor Day Snlurday and Sunday t'drtions published in mornings Second-class poslage paid at KoKomo. Indiana Member of Associated Press Tlte Associaled Pr is exclusively entitled lo the us lor publication of all news dispatcher, credited lo il or nr otherwise credited in Ihis, paper and ,ilso Ihe local new published herein Delivery by Si 00 per week By mail in Indian per year, payable in 5y mail outside Indiana, per year, payable m advance. 00 No m subscriptions accepted in lowns where earner delive service is maintained The KoKomo Tribune Founded IflMl The Kokomo Dispatch founded in 1IVO' Tfilume and Oisprtli.h funded
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