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Fort Wayne Times Newspaper Archive: November 16, 1854 - Page 1

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   Fort Wayne Times, The (Newspaper) - November 16, 1854, Fort Wayne, Indiana                               BY JOHN m DAWSON.] FEARLESSLY TO ADVOCATE AND DEFEND TRUTH AND REPREHEND ERROR. VOLUME 15. FORT WAYNE, INDIANA, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 16, 1854. [AT I'KU YEAR. NUMBER 11. WAIIE TIMES The Summer Is Gone. The summer is every (lower Thai waves its beauties to the sun, lint bloomed its brief, but lovely hour, And shed its fragrance, and is gone. The Summer is many a That budded with the early spring, Has seen its blossoms brightly ope To wither like a blighted thing! The Summer is many an eye That brightly shone, in tears are shrou-lcd And hearts that loved us, withered lie) Or worse this, by coldnesn clouded. The summer is soon again. Shall blush and breathe upon the air, The ouamouied (lower, and plant and gltn, But those Hove wiy not be there. Tbe attic of the Alma. The Washington's mail brings full details o this important battle. Tho Now York Tribun of Thursday is filled wilh aoeounis of it from oor respondent of London papers and Generals dis patches. As it is tho first battle in which th allies have been soriously engaged, and ono o most important that has occurred for many rears, wo think wa could not use our space It boiler advantage than to give our readers a de Boriptioti of it, condensed from tho various ac oounts furnished by our exchanges. _ iTho field uf battle is thus described by th Tribune. About tkree miles from the coast Al oil a bend so as lo form a crescent, the two herns of whioh point toward Iho Tho southern side if Ihe river, generally formet" by cliffs about 300 foot high, here offers an am philh.atro sloping down, more or loss gently, lo ward tho stream. This slope, supported on tin right and loft by abrupt cliff's forming tho odgot of tho plateau, was selected by ihe Russians as posilion. If repulsed, their superior eaval- Jy could always oovcr tho retreat on the level ground oa Ihe plateau, whieh also offered al- most every where facilities for carrying off Ihe artill.ry. On a sort of terrace, midway belween tbe plaleau and the valley of llio rivor, Ihe Rus- stans had placed lha main body of infantry, pro tooted on the left by tho steep cliffs, considproc impracticable, and ou tho right by equally stoop cliffs, a redoubt oa tho terrace, and a hoavj en- filading ballery on the commanding hights. Ad- niral Hamelin maintains thu this battery was mounted by twelvo 32-pounders, hui how suuh heavy ordnance oould havo been carried off du- ring the retreat, as it most assuredly was, re- mains a secret to bo explained by lhat The ground in front of Ibe Russian posilion, in- by vineyards aqd rooks, was favorable to Iho defonso, and rendered still more difficult fry abatlis and oinor artificial obstacles, whieh, however, irorn iho wanl of wood iu Iho counlry oannot hare boon very formidable. On the high plaleau, behind and on belli flanks of Iho Rus- sians, wore placed Iheir reserves and la front, Ihcir skirmishers oxlendod beyond Iho river Alma, occupying Ihe villages Alma and Bourliouk: In that posilion the Russians awaited the at- tack of iho allies. Their march from I) o sea- coast to the field of bailie on tho 19th, iho day before ihe fight, and Iho appearanoo of the troops is thus described by a correspondent of the Lon doo Times. After a march of an hour a hall took place for fifty during whieh Lord UagUn, ac- companied by a vory largo stall', Marsnall St. Ar- naud, Generals Bosquet, Foroy, and a number of French oflieors, rudo along ihe front of tho ool- unns. The men sponUnooualy gol up from iho ground, rushed forward, and column alter column real Ihe air wilh three thundering Knglish cheers. It was a good omeu. As Ihe Marshall passed iho Mth regiment ho .xolaimed, English, I hope you will fight well lo-day." Hopo 1" ox- olafmod a voice from Iho ranks, sure you know wo will I" The iroopd presented, a splendid ap- pearance. Tho effect of thote grand masses of soldiery descending Ihe ridges of iho hills rank after rank, with ihc sun playing over furrosls of glilioring aluul, can never bo forgoilon hy who witnessed it. Onward Ihe lorreni of war wave after wave, huge stately billows of armed men, while Ihe rumble of arlillery and the trump of cavalry accompanied their Al last tho smoke uf burning villages and farm- houses announced that the enemy in front was aware of our march. It wss a end sight lo BOO till while walls of tho houses blackened with flamoa ascending through tho roofs of peaceful lha ruined oulhnos of deserted hamlets. Many sick men gave out and wero carried lo tho roar. It was a painful sigh' -a sad contrast to the magnificent appoar- a'boo uf the army in front, lo behold lillor afior litter borne pail lo the oarlo, wilh Iho poor suf- f.rors who from illuoss and fallguo. At this point Ihe alalion of Ihc enemy was Tislblo aorosa a wide plane, on a ridge on Iho opposilo side. A village lo the left had'been sei on f.ro, and Ihe frame houses along iho lino of marsh deserted, one of whieh is thus described. Tho house was dororled and gulled. Only the picture of a saint, hunches of herbs in the kilohon, and a few household iilonsils wore lefl; and a solitary pea-hen stalked sadly about the tbrashold, whioh soon fell a victim lo a revolver. A troop of Cossacks mot the al a short distance from ihis paint, and farced haek a parly of skir- mishers leni in advance. The laced aid fired at ivory fifty yards. Suddenly ono of tho Russian cavalry squares spirt of whito smoke roso out of iho gap, and a round shot, whieh pilchod close lo my horse, tore over Iho column of our cavalry behind, and rolled away between Iho ranks of Ihe rillo- Ennn in Ihri rnnr. illBt tKav !n Ulauinf lliA cavalrr. In anoihor tnslant a second gun bowl- ed right through tho IJlh hussars, and knocked the Third supporting them. Amid a most tre- mendous liro the Guards rushed up the hill and stormed tha heaviest bailory. Onoo Ihoy wore driven back, but the Duke rallied them, and led them lolho chargo in person. SirGeorgo Brown had a horso shot under him. Sir Do Lacy Ev- ans led on bis division under tho vory thickest of tho mitraille. Tho Russians threw spheric- al shot, marked with a cross, which inflicted ler- riblo wounds, and their practice, when they got tho range, was excellent. Al llireo Iho French had moved up solid columns of infantry lo the hights on our righl, and lurned tho gunsagsinst ihe enemy. Our men struggled through tho flames of tho village and the rivor under a con- tinuous roll of artillery. At four o'clock they charged in three divisions tip Iho hights. The Light Division suffered fearfully, particularly tho 7th an3 23d Regiments, which Sir George Brown led in person: The 54th, 95th and 30th also suflered severely. The Rifloe, second bat- talion, though tbo first under fire, suffered least of all, as they got over before tbo enemy caught the range. At 5 o'clock tho Russians wore flying in every direction, plowed up by the splendid fire of our guns, leaving on the Sold an immense number of dead, three guns, drums and ammunition. Tho following is a detailed description of the attack by tha English troops, and will be found Interesting. The French practice commenced about 12.1-2 o'clock, and lasted for about an hour and a half- We could seo tlio shells falling over the battor- es of tho enemy, and bursting right into them and Ihen ihe black masios inside the work broke alo little specks, which flew about in all diroo- ioni, and when tho smoke cleared away there were some to be seen strewed over the ground. The Russians answered the ships from tho hights lul without oifoct. A powder lumbri! was blown up by a French shell; another shell fell by acoi- [ont into an ambuscade which tho Russians had iroparod fur tho advancing French, and at last hoy drew off from Iho sea-sido and confined heir offorls to ibo defense of ihe gullies and 'lights, beyond the fire of Iho heavy guns of tho iloaracrg. At 1 o'clock wo saw avy gu tho Fr ench ool- over a horso, taking off his rider's leg Iho ankle. Anoihor and anoihor followed, learing through our ranks, so lhat it was quilo wonder- ful so many cavalry escaped. A short conflict drove ofl' the Cossacks and tho allies bivouacked on the plain. On tho morning of the 20th the day of tho battle tho troops were roused before A oorrospondsnt of tho Times says: They were marshaled silently no bugles or drums broke tho stillness, but the hum of inou- of voices roso loudly from the ranks, and the watch-fires lighted up tho lines of our oamp as though it were a greal town. When dawn broke it was discovered lhal the Russians had retired from tho heights, but had loft Ihoir camp- fires burning. Tho troops lay nn their arms for about an hour, whilo the generals were arrang- ing the order of our advance. The arrangements for iho having been prepared the advance of the allies begun, and is thus described. The advance of tho armies this groat day was a sighl whioh musl over sland mil like iho land- mark of Iho spociator'e life. Early in the mor- ning Iho troops wore ordered lo gel in readiness and at half pasi 6 o'clock Ihoy wore in motion. It was a lovely day; tho heat of Ihe sun was lom- pered by a sea breeze. The (loot was visible al a dislance of four miles, covering the ocean afl it wassoon between tho hills, and wo oould make oft steamers on our right as oloto to Iho ihoro aa possiblo- Tho action began at 1 o'clock by an inter- change of shot and shells between some French vessels and the in the liuighis. Tho gen- eral oourso and result of tho bailie is thus giv- en: The aeliun booamo general al 1.45 on Ihe pan eftho French and ihe hights on righl, which were bin weakly proiootod. Al 2.30 we advanced down Ihe slopo loward iho valley of Iho Alma, ohovo which rose Iho linos and rouonbts of tho enemy. As wo advanced they sot firo lo a village al Iho baso of iho do- i- the valley a; our side, and, covered by ho smi icnod a tremendous Bro nf nine and welvo puunuor guns from Ihoir earthwork bat- jnos. Our artillery replied with and rockets, the men advanced through a storm of hullots, and rushed across ihe Light Ui vision on the right, tho Second Divis- ion next, tho First Division in center, and mns struggling up the hills, covered by a cloud f skirmishers, whoso firo seemed most deadly. Once, at tho sight of a Ihroaloning mass of Rus- itin iiifaniry; in a commanding posilion above hem, who fired rapid volleys among them, iho paused, bul it was only lo oolloot their kirmisbers, for as soon as Ihoy had formed they tn up ihe hill si llie pas du ckargc, and broke ho Russians at once, who lied iu disorder wilh oss up ihe hill. We oould ceo men dropping r. bdlh eides, and the wounded rolling dCTrn Iho toep. At 1 '.50 our lino of skirmishers got with- it range of the bauerios on the hill, and immo- "ialely Iho Russians opened firo al yards nlh ofi'ect, iho shol plowing ihrough Ihe open inos of llio-Riflutnon, and fulling inlo ihe ad- ancing columns behind. Shorlly oro lliiu lime 'OUBO volumes of smoke rose from Iho river and rifled along lo llio eastward, rathor interfering wilh Iho viow of llio onomy on llio lofi of our osilion. Tho Russians had sot the villages on 'ro. It was a fair exorcise of military 'as place al llio righl lime nd succeeded iu oucasiouing a good dual uf an- oyauco. Al Ihis point tbo troops halted till the event f llie altaek of tho French on tho loft wingof o Russians was known, exposed to a terrible ro of artillery, whioh was effuctiuoly replied lo y iho English oaniion. After waiting some mo, Lord Raglan bcounio weary of the inao- vily auii ordered an advance. Tho writer thon ays: Up rose those period masses, and passing lliro' foarftil shower of round, oaso nnd shell, ley daubed tulo Iho Alma, atld floundered lliro' a waters, which woro literally lorn inlo foam r the deadly hail. Al Iho olher sido of llie riv- r woro a number of vinoyardn, and lo our sur- iio they woro occupied by Russian Riflemen, hroo of Iho nloff were hero shot down, bul led Lord Raglan in person, Ihoy advanced, choor- g on tiie men. And now came iho turning oiui of Iho buttle, in whieh Lord Raglan, by s sagacity and military skill, probably secured o victory at a smaller sacrifice limn would havo oon olherwiso Ihe ease. Ho dashed over tho idgp, foMowod by Flotf. From tho road it, under iho llufeitn guns, he saw thu ale of tho aotiou. The British line, whieh he had ordered lo ad- vance, was struggling through tho river nnd up tbo higlils in firm indeed, but mowed down by the murderous flrejof llio bailorios, and hy grape, round shol, shell, eanislor, otiso shot, and mutikeiry, from somo of llio oenlral bailory, and from an immonso and compael moss of Rus- sian infanlry. Then oommonood ono of iho most bloody and determined struggles in llio annals of war. Tbo 2d Division, led by Sir Evans, in Ihe Jnosl dashing manner, crossed iho slroam on iho righl, Tho7ih Fuuiloers, led by Col. Yea, wore swept down by fifties. Tho SOili, 95th. led by Brig. Ponnofalhor, who was in Iho Ihiekaal of light, cheering on hie mon, again and again woro ebocked indeed, but nev- er drew back in Ihcir onward progioss, which was marked by n fieroo roll of tho Mfnio mus- ketry, and Brigadier Adams, with Iho and bravely charged up the hill, and sided them in Iho bailie. Sir (Joorgo Brown, con- fro.-.; of his Tlio following details of tho appearance ol ihc dead, Iho manner of the dress, Iho provis- ions, found upon tho dead, all bring "110010" to all men iho horrible results of war more offec- lually lhau ihe bosl peace essay or oration ovor delivered. Of the Russian dead iho writer says: They were all dressed in long drab coats with brass buttons, bearing the number of the regi- ment. These coats fitted loosely, wore gathered in at ihe hack by a small strap and butlon, de- scending lo Ibe ankles, and seemed eloul, com- fortable garments, though tho cloth was coarse in tenure; the trousers, ofcoarso blue stuff, were Ibrusi inside a pair of Wellington boots, open at the lop, to admitof their being comforlably tucked down; Iho bools wero stout, well made and ser- viceable. Their knapsacks astonished our sol- diers. On opening them, .each was found to conlain lha dress uniform coaloo of tho man, blue or groun with whito facings, mid slashes liko our own, a pair of clean socks, a pair of stout mils, a case containing a good pair of scissors marked an excellent penknife with one large blade, of Russian manufacture, a ball of twine, a roll of leather, wax, thread, needles, and pine, "a hair brush and comb, a small looking glass, razor, strop and soap, shoe-brushes and blacking. Tho general remark of our men was thai Ibe Russians were vory clean and cor- lainly the men on Iho field had while, fair skins to justify tho expression. Each man had a loaf of dark brown broad, of sour laslo and disagree- able odor in his knapsack and a llnoa roll, oon- Uining a quantity of brown, coarse stuff broken up into lumps and largo grains, whieh is crushed biscuit or hard grtmulatod bread, prepared wilh oil. This, wo wero lold hy lha prisonore, was tho solo food of the men.. They eat the broad with onions and oil; tho powder is "reserve" ration; and if they march ihoy may bo for days wilhoul food, and remain hungry iill Ihoy can gol fresh loaves and mor "bread Ii is porfeclly astounding to thin '.hoy oan keep together on such diet, and ye ihoy oro slrong, muscular men enough. Th surgeons remarked lhal iheir lonaeily of life wa very remarkable. Many of them lived wit wounds calculated lodislroy iwo or ihroo ordi imry moo. I saw one of Ihe 32d rogimonl o ihc field just after the fight. Ho was shot rijrh through tho head and Ihc brain protruded in larg masses al llio back of Iho head and from th front of Iho skull. I with my own eyes Ih wounded man ruixo his hand, wipe Iho horribl mass from his brow, and proceed lo etruggl down Iho hilla towards tho water. One villain, wilh a rod coat on his baok, I ro grct to i EIW go up to a wounded Russia who was rolling on Iho earth in llio roar of ih siivotith roffimont, and before wo oould say word ho discharged his rifle right through ill wrolohed creaturn's brains. ight through Col. Yed rodo a rp'cuons on a horsa, rajc Lighl Division, urging them with voice at.d ges- ture. Gnllani fellows! ihoy wore wonhy of such a gallani chief. The Sovonlh, diminished by ono half, fell back lo reform their columns lost for Ihe lime; iho 33d, wilh eight officers dead and four wounded, woro stilt rushing to Iho fronl aided by ihe Fifteenth, Twonly-lhird, Sovonly- oighth. Down wont Sir Goorgo in a cloud of dust in front of tho buttery. Ho was soon up, and shouted, "Twenty-third, I'm all right. Bo sure I'll romombor this and led thorn on nguin, uui in tho shock produced by tho fail of their chief, the gallant rogimont stifl'ored terribly while paralyzed for a moment. Meantime llio him lo cut him doxvn, bol tho follow himself by declaring lhal ihe Russian was to shoot him. This was iho single act of inht manity 1 saw porpelralod by this army flushot xvith victory and animated by angry passions although the wounded ononiy had uuquoslionabl endangered Ihoir lives by acls uf ferocious Many uf iho Russians had dinall crosses an chains fastened round thoir necks. Sovoral wor found with Korana in their pro bably recruits from the Kasan Tarlnrs. Man of Ihu officers hnd norlrails of their wives or mis Irossos, or molhors or sislors inside Lhoir coals Tho privalQS wore the little money they possess od in purses fastened below their loft knees, an 'how did ills family, in iln ear !y history, spal! tha tha Itinii cl he generation to which Mr. Callluun hiumt'll Jolongcd, tho name won "pulled with an Q in tin- syllable, instead of in Mr. James Calhoun, iho brother, 1 bollovo, to the duy if his death, wrote his name Culhoun. It) curh imes it is probable the nnir.o written Colqu loun, as I believe il is lo this day in Ureal Brit 'n. You do not expcol me, I nm sure to altompi a delineation of tho charautor, privale or public, il our depurtod friend. Thai has boon done by illioru muoh holler Ihan 1 oould do il. None ol lis friends ever loved him tuow him boiler than I did. Audi will only add lhal he possessed more equanimity than any nun i have ovor kuown. I never saw him di> iressed in apirlis, nor exciiud by anger, lie wa ilwuys nutural result of u life ol luiifltunt and uniform virluo. Having Ihus, vory hastily and imperfectly, 'ivuli you all tho information I poisons in refer nco to tho inquiries of your letter, I conclude vilh the high OBiocm and respect wilh which I in, Yuur friwud, A. EuvtiK. From tho Daily Columbian. Hard Times and their As there seems to be an almost univeraa crash among thu bankers in our goodly city cxtendtDg to the neighboring towns, and alsc to the neighboring States, creating a wide spread panic and general distrust in all laon ied institutions, it would be well forustostop and enquire into the causes which have pro duced such calamitous results. That WL have hard times in consequence of such i derangement of the currency we need nol stop to show, as are too sadly apparenl to all; for strange and anomalous as it may seem, while money is so scarce and tho country abounding in provisions of every kind, every article from that well known es- culent called the potatoe, up benrs the most enormous prices. In addition to this the ar- ticles of fuel wood and coal, demand as high, if not a hi rice than ever known in this Official Vole of the Slate. Tho following is the official vote of Indi- ana for State ofliccrs, at the October elec- ion: SECRETARY OT 8T.VTE. Erasmus B. Collins, lluydcn, AUDITOR Or STiTB. ohn P. Dunn, TUEASUttKIl OF STATE. Vm. R. Nofsinger, Vm. K. Nofsingcr, SlijahNcwhind, JUDGE OF StTSKMJS CODKT. Samuel 13. Gookins. A.. Hovey, SliPKKINTEHDASI OF PUBLIC IXSTRUCflON. Caleb Mills, (V. C. Larabee, Scattering votes to the number of were given for other Tnlbotu than Hiram E. or Auditor nnd 925 votes for Win. E. nger for Treasurer. S. E. Gookins and G. i. Gookins received rolea for Su- reine Judge. 85.753 llio pqoaro. Aflcr a few rounds the columns of bo square beeamo broken, wavered to and fro, iroko, and fled ovor iho brow of Ihe hill, leaving johind thorn eix or seven distinct linos of dead ying ns close as possible lo each othsr. marking tho pBHrtago of the fatal messenger. This act relieved our infantry of a deadly incubus, and they coniinuod llioir magnificent and fearful prn- up the hill. Tho Duko encouraged his mon by voico and example, and proved himfiolf worthy of his proud command and of tho royal raco from which ho comes. slid Sir C. Camboll, oro they oamoto iho charge, I am going lo ask a favor of is lhal you will acl so as to justify mo in asking permission of the Queen for you lo wear a bonnoi! Don'i pull a trigger till you're within a yard of thn Thoy charged, and well they obeyed thoir wish; Sir Colin hod his horse THE RAVEL Ravel fnmily bade farewell to the New York stage on Sat- urday night last. Jerome and Antoine are going home to France. Francois and the rest of the family, including tho Russian dancer Mad'lleYrea Mathias, will keep together for sometime tocome. They go to New Orleans to fulfill an engagement, and then proceed to Lima, Sooth America. The Ravels have played nt Niblo's in-, tcrvals, lor more than twenty-two have accumulated half n million dollars, n large portion of which, lias been invested in real estate in this country. Fugitive Slave Case. During a port of last week, the Dislricl Court udjju Leavitt presiding, was engaged in trying cuso ugainal R. R. Sloan, an Auorney at Sun- iigky, charging him with aiding in Ihu eseupoof ur fugitive slaves. Iho action was brought un- er the fugitive slave law of 1850, for Iho penal- ly, which is for each slave. Two suits had boon commenced, hy different but us all Uiu circumstances aguinsl the defendant wore tho samo, il was agreed lliat bulb cases should be paused upon at onco. The ouso wonl io iho jury on Saturday even- ing, and a vordicl, wo learn, was agreed upon on Sunday 6 o'olouk. nnd sealed up season of the year, while the rents have ris almost twenty per cent, on ihe last few years. This unprecedented rise in the price of every articUMjfliving, has produced a eorrespontf- ing'hse on merchandise iudusirial products nnd labor, so that with the almost utter im- possibility of ohlMining money at any rate of interest ruin and starvation seem to stare us iu the face. We would not indulge in a croaking spiril: far from it. We would rather speak encour- agingly, and call uj on all lo brave up and weather the storm: but, when the vessel is sinking and the leaks cannot be stopped, nor jumps worked, and all ;s confusion and dis- nay. what shall be done? Alas il is to late Q talk about r. trcndiment and economy and inanciering when nothing but the fragments of the wreck are seen, floating about "in the darkness. But what has brought about this callami- ous state of things? There never was an efiect without a cause, and it docs not require nuch fiigiicity or wisdom todevine it. Sonic Till say it is overtrading, and the balance is igainst us, extravagant living and our means lave not been commensurate wilh our out- ays; too much money lias been invested in railroads and stocks of various kinds while grand speculations of every kind have inlla- ed the mind with gol'len visions- never to b> calized. Well all these things may be true ind more that we have not enumerated. Uu >K opine that the proximate cause of Ihis fi lanciai embarrassmenl has more lo do will lie remote cause than perhaps any that cat enumerated. Bunkers have commence' heir operations, in loo many instances on fictitious or borrowed capital, and very men rre at that. They have became inflatet vilh visions of wealth mil glory, and out ol he broad sea with sails all spread, they hnv leered for adventurous coasts. To drop th figure and come down lo a mailer of fact they have engaged in wild and visionary spec ulations in stocks and lands, and various oth er things nnd the revulsion has brought then up standing with large liabilities in cash ant any amount of assets in speculations. Poor depositors who trusted their hard earnings, to the honesty of thcso bunkers, are now like 'A'he jT'itlurc of lavvry. Bxeiiemvnl is universally tho effect ol an in- tonso regard of u single subject. Knthiii.iai.in is never wide in its riingo of viow. Just as iho lido rises whon crmiiued in u narrow HI- d es miihuHJain and fuiiuiieisin nitiro proportion >m ineir viow is limiu-d to u .-injilo ob- ject. And as it is un i-mire niiMnlio lo that Iho lininir.if el'ibg is ii..w..r! thftll the hoiiving fXpiiiiM- nl'u lo suppose Unit thy [n-nn eniist'd liy tlio noisy uetmiy n llinsiast. Men strong aelinn, u to their cuntrarit holm of nfiiiirK, iniidinfr iiiid il. And liorliap-ol'ti-i.rr. iho thai lo sliind as a in v. tin- fnrWUrd irrr-Hlb'.lblV II KM "T slrnmi-ntalii v. n tbe United Siuti'- 't r liin IIV HORACE JIAK.N. You were niiidt to be clean and neat in' your person and your dress, and gentleman- ly and lady like in your manners. If you.' have not been bittt.ii by a mad dog, 'don't- lie nfraiii ol water. ThYri: is enough water, in ihe world to keep body clean but., there is a great dual ui it never liuiis its right In ri-gard iu this tlu-re is no. oi .'.tin-- n., much' as' r-il. The uf the West binlst of real rivers; I slinuld lionvt of using' :i iiilil'ul tlic-ir tuery i wi'ix- inatU;   upjioae ita anil in p ipuliitini; now ytutys. Wystwurd it finds a cordon offryo ytntoM ulrcady evcllll il could surmount thu croi.1 ofllio R-icky inutin- Should llio Siillilwi.ch Ultinds lio unliox- ed, Ihoir eburticlcr ut; froo fcitiilofl is nli-cady dotermiiiod. 'Jubn, ulotie of till llio Lorritury uontigioiiH lu UB, iu iiki'ly lei hccornu a Slave Slalo. This id llio rcnl prnniiocl fur lliu fiilnro ofllio Hlavory iho power of whieh poems so tor riblu. hi limes piisl, when now Slulct were on- ly admitted unco in u few yciirti, ui, thu uuinpuru lively slow incririiKO of inir inipulaliou nytlluil Lhom, a lllid it free Stilly U'cro Kimiiltiiny- found til iho iloorH of Congress nuking foi uilmluKion. Whon tbin cqouliiy of progress wni no lunger poctiifilo, TU.MIH, it Suite illrt-tuly cu gnvu birtli to Ciilifiirniii. n fioo Stulo, urn Now Mexico ami Ulith, ircc teriiloricK. ii< now Ihu of Shivery in icfyr- noy to Iho tyrrilnriys HOOII to liceuino fruo Ihcro nro UN, AliiincsotiuNdU nil, rupidly iiHwum l.ini. All iht' -ou1 thilll K -.1 vull io l.' lii-k nf hjhMLl'i.- :1 'i durin; dil an'd p Were to s'op -s pine Uirni On llio niilo of the free Huile Nohniyku, fvanK nm] UlaJi tovoll the ago nnd on tit linff them to iio free Slnlct.. On tho Hide of nlavory, in'.oly nothing. And thJH Iho c'ciujnesl whiuli hut) made over tho Norl'h! Tlli.s is the ilaniror in whiuh wo titnnil of ovorriin by tbo slave [lower! This ir  doulh llirocu? The revival of thu is n inrrnsnri, ,if dfUliuralion which Millir hnvo niinieu. but ulh- ttlO llOi II'l-htl'Mi il> il O Ot'll- eoivo thru it would inilcci] the limo, when p Randolph tin, wmiM run nvvsy 'rom their bi'iug iinubli! inhopiiorl ihoin. 1'iiul clionp fnnii Afriyii, ill) down thu prior of tlio nr- nii in Amyricii, until to .-lain] Iho iclitioti, Illy hiilllo tiuisl lireuk; list forlurn Impe nf t-lavory is hnt nil restored. 'JMm future ul lb- Lot in conHcipn.nt'1'of whitl inn been donPtu opjiufO it. but by tho uf i own nt-liL-inoii. A mifrhliyr luuid than tbnl oftiio Atioiiliuni-t- d "gone out ugttinsl Jltly. yniir bodies shuiilil -lii-vt become aKtallnnd- as large as .w i-utir lathers or mothers, or. other pt-upli- You wuuld not like'to stop growing when- you are thiee high, or four led, or even at live. But if you do not feed your minds as well as bodies, they will stop growing, and one of the poorest, meanest, most despicable-things. 1 have ever seen in the world is a liltle mind ina great body- Suppose there was a museum in your neighborhood, full of rare and splendid cu-. you not like In .ftp and see it? Would you think it unkind if you were forbidden lo visit il? The creation h a mu- seum, all full and crowded wilh wonders, .tnil beauties, and glories. One door; and only one is open, by which you can enter this magnificent temple. It is the door of knowl-j edge. The learned laborer, peasant, or slave, are made door; while the ignorant, though kings aru shutout. r. Bealo, Iho Dentist of Philadelphia, vbo lias jti.st boon tried ami eonvieted for cum a rape on u yonni; lady "'ho hud taken 'tber in order to have soaio operation pcrfurn-ed  ioro in llio room all iho lime, thai no such thing ,ad taken place. Samuel Carrol testified that other wus admin- stored lo him. nt bis r. ipiesl, by Dr. White, unlist in Areb street, fur llio pilrposo of fur tho Couct. Thi. niorniug tho jury was poll- that may there be goiiijr on ns.respects lilies od, and verdiol was, iim tiuiliy 111 ono oimo in j and guilty in the other.. tn the yaso of I "f1.1-0' Possession and to leave v-.ifc.-def.nd.pt, the votJicl ol nol guilty w.J "'llfl 1. 1 "3 UlCy found under ill. instructions of the power of attorney undor which Iho made being: null nnd void. In llio case of VVcymor va. Sloan, was, Guilty. There woro lllroe nil Couri, ibo I con- ?'lley nra uot l" lend any support arrest was to ihc titles to land issued, hitherto by the i.. former British Vice-Counsel at the n, tho vordict Claims ofactunl Brilisli subjects for d.tma- lavos involved gcs in the.Hollins bombardment are to be ta- hy fecn noticc of "nd to bc reported, but nothing And if the American vessels in port To Make 3etf those who havo worn down thoir teeth in masticating old tough cow boef, wo will say that carbonate of soda costs. When the jury wan pull.d, "T" will bo found a remedy for iho evil. Cut your Mr. number, .aid ho pave iho C ,e. flnK of ?'lcari steaks into slices aboul two inches dav shot under him, but his mon took tho batlory at before over a small quantity'of nodi abound. Tho Russians rushed out, and loft j off next inlo suilable thiok- multitudes of doa6 behind them. Tho Guards' ness, ami cook lo notion. Th. same process had "tormod tho right bfthe baltory oro Iho will answor for fowls, logs of mullon, Highlanders got into iho iofi, and it is said Iho it, all who loro delicious, lender dishes of Scots I usileor Guards woro Ihs 6rst to enter, meat. vurdiel of guilly wilh extreme ruluotanco. f ur done against it. So far as wo heard in expression, it is of In a word, the Protetornto is nllogelhcr n- nurpriso at Ihe verdict of tho last ease. bmdoned, nt least at San Juan; and if tin; NicHraujfua could now take possession of the place, she would meet with no opposition from Tho things wo must biiioveare few and tho British government. somo iboth extrncleil. niidor itH inftuoneo ho ibnt an essistnllt of Iho Doctor's, who was Ktiuiiiinp- liesido the chair, was slrikinu him on the with n hatchet, trying io kill him: ho could feel ibo blows disiincily; hehoard at tbo same timo, Dr. Whilo amonjr, Ibo inslru- nir-nls, and ho thntirfhi Uiu was (jollinpa to cut his throal in cafo Iho olhor failed indospalch him with the hiitcliet; as soon as the doctor laid his hand on my head, I knr-w ho was a friorid, nnd was going lo pull my tooth; 1 was sensible lo touch porfootly, hnt could feel no pain; my consciousness returned to me when the doctor put his hand un my head. Hints for Rfovcmbcr. The elose of the year is nenr at hand sued has.been sown harvcstgathcrcd-wr and now comes the labor of preparing for winter's cold and frost. In our last wo sug- gested several ways in which coarse fodder; could be rendered of more service ns fqod; and als strongly urged ihe necessity of pro-. riding good and warm shullurs for all your uuin lor wtirmlh to a curtain client is uu equivalent for food. The prudent farmer will avail himself ofovv ry fair day to provide a bountiful supply of. muck, dry luiT.leavesund refuse ofall descrip. lions, to mingle wilh the droppings of his yard, lie will not stiller his citltle atld sheep to- run over his meadows and clover .lots; and for the sake of saving a litle hay, suffer tun-fold datungc by the grazing ul young and teui dcr shoots, ile will see that life changs-from grass to liny be tinideas graduallvaspossible thai water in abundeiice is accessible to all his slock and also salt for his fnt- lini; hogs charcoal; cntcks and cre-viccs will be fastenings appended to gules stables anil burn doors; utid he will part- icularly guard against the possibility of volun- teer pruning of his orchard by hungry kiue. Young animals of all descriptions inuxt be tended with extra euro and kept in a growing condition; fur checks in early growth are rare- y ncoreredf'umiu iifir'ije. Improve your time rainy days by'looking n occasionally at ihe hchuol-liousij-ttoor and don't slop ifthe room-is properly warmed and for.yotir- Kell' whether the seats are comfortable, and Inly proportioned to the respective' sizes of ho pupils., Grudge not ihe neccssarv books (iriiinni'v ii tii'ivr in.' bettor sti-ek vhen it uoniiiii-es lo the iiiiprovcmcnt; of thu ling; and be not vexed if your ehildreu .mill wear out iheir books as well us shoes. A pleasant wurd at night to the school bov tin! girl, who have been poiing over llu-fr. ks iltiring Ihe day al the ;l.e can you tell to light whatyou have learned nt school to dny. vhat more do you know than you.did this know from personal experience their studies, und ai' a teacher in-his arduous and too-oft poorly required -labor. As tile long winter evenings nro. noming on. be sure that you make your owji fire-side. more pleasant tlinn we seen turn a .willing ear to tho allurements of pleasure and butler judegmcnt condemned their, lolly solely because the bouyiml and clastic spiritsoftheir childhood and youth-were.too much curbed und checked by the stern, and thoughtless parent. But our limits forbid exhortation.. llie illustration given represents Ihc Arch- er of Heathen Mythology, who being acci-; dentally wounded wilh a poisonnd arrow by Hercules, ami tHrwound; which was incur- nblu, causing UK> grant anguish, Chiron pray- Jupiter to deprive him of immotalily, that he might by dying, be relieved from his. puins. Jupiter assented to this., request, und changed him into 'constellation- Sagittarius. The character of this sign is an. iirruw; nnd tbe finure, a Contaur, in the act of discharging an arrow from a bow; both arc supposed to denote the hunting season. The-sun enters Sagittarius about the 22d Gin. Fanfcr. Tho total number of alien passsonpors arrived' lit llio port uf New York- during llio month ;of September last, wtic Of Iheso, wore 5.285 Irish, English, 659 French, 4oU front other coun- tries. Is your nolo good I" aslcou a woo.lman, Iho olher day. of a person who olforod a nulo for a load of niapU. Oregon nnd California have already into difficulty about, "disputed The decision of the surveyor has been made in favor of the ftirmn.r. The territory em- braces one of the fiui'.st.miuing districts in the country. Tho Maine Law has passer) the Lcpiii- lalivo Assembly of CANADA by-n or 85 t.. it is not doubted but that it will the Council. Thus Canada lends off in y movement ahead of the mother eoiintr tho purchaser, "I should think under the influence of republican neighbor it ought to bo, everybody's gel hood.   

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