Fort Wayne Journal Gazette, June 19, 1919

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette

June 19, 1919

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Issue date: Thursday, June 19, 1919

Pages available: 32

Previous edition: Wednesday, June 18, 1919

Next edition: Friday, June 20, 1919 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Publication name: Fort Wayne Journal Gazette

Location: Fort Wayne, Indiana

Pages available: 158,389

Years available: 1899 - 1922

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Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1919, Fort Wayne, Indiana READ THE FIRST CHIEF TAHAN STORY ON PAGE FIVE FORT WAYNE JOURNAL-GAZETTE THE PEOPLE'S PAPER-FORT WAYNE AND NORTHERN INDIANA'S LEADING HOME NEWSPAPER AND WANT AD MEDIUM. PAGES TO-DAY .JOURNAL, mi GAZETTE! (NEWS OF THE WORLD) THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 19, 1919. (BY ASSOCIATED PRESS) PRICE THREE CENTS SENATE TEST VOTE AGAINST EXEMPTING BEER AND WINE Certain Defeat of Efforts to Change War Time Prohibition Measure Seen in Action Tabling a Motion by Senator Phelan; Advocates Make New Move in House WOULD GIVE PRESIDENT POWERS Another Battle at Federation of Labor Meet; Contest 1 Over Resolution CRITICIZE BURLESON; What's Your Idea of Senators? Look Over This Collection Reject Law Proposal Favoring to Govern Prices and Profits w ATLANTIC CITY, X. J June Radical and conservative delegates attending the reconstruction conven- tion of the American Federation of Labor clashed again to-day. The contest, which arose oxer a resolu- tion proposing inauguration of a pol- ity of initialise and referendum within the ranks of organized labor. ele- ment being crushingly defeated. A -vote on whether there should be a roll call on the resolution dis- closed there were only thirty-five The nf as representing even more than the me sentiment 01 ratio of radicals within ASHINGTON, June defeat for efforts to have congress exempt beer and wine from operation of the war time prohibition law was seen in an overwhelming vote of 55 to 11 in the senate late to-day against an exemp- feeling, which, as was the case terdav, resulted In'the ladlcal tion proposal. By that margin, the senate tabled a motion by Senator Phelan, democrat, California, to add a rider to the agricul- delegates out of about 500 tural appropriation bill for application Of the War time the measure. This was Interpreted; prohibtion law to distilled spirits alone. the senate thus expressed in the "first test vote of this con- organized labor. The clash developed after all the as well as con- adopted unanlmous- Iv a resolution assailing Postmaster General Burleson for his "labor pol- icy" and called on President Wilson A new tack Was taken in the house, however, by advocates i to remove him. During the consid- eration of the resolution, which was was taken generally to sound the death knell for meas- ures designed to permit use of beer and wines under the war time legislation. Both Houses Vote to End the' Operation of Law on October 26, Next GOES TO CONFERENCE Action Means Continuation of the Present Clock Time This Summer Silk-hatted, frock-coated, is the popular conception of a United States i oration 01 me resmunuii, 01 Suspension OI the War ;imong tne great number disposed of senator. Have a look at these three, more typical of the senator of the present day. Left to right they ares Senator James R. Watson of Indiana, who always waits for a car with three rear teats for smokers; Senator Gil- bert M. Hitchcock of Nebraska, in typical hot weather senatorial clothes; Senator James D. Phelan, California, in panama and cool-cloth. Elks of Hoosierdom Open Two Day Convention With Hun- dreds of Visitors WELCOMED' BY MAYOR, on beer and Banquet and Parade Last Night Ushers in Big Program for To-day Fort Wayne surrended to the Elks of Indiana yesterday. Hundreds of members of the antlered herd of the Hoosler state .reached the domains of the second city and put down such a barrage flre of good fellow- and congeniality that the dele- gates were in full possession In no time. It didn't need Mayor W. Sher- man Cutshall's spoken words of wel- come to make them feel at home, for Elks are at home anywhere they meet, and so they had the keys of the city and were already settled on the ground floor of Fort Wayne hos- pitality and patriotism from the mo- ment of their arrival. The incoming delegates and convention visitors were met by committees from Fort Wayne lodge No. 155, and escorted to headQuarters as fast as they arrived yesterday. The symbol of Elkdom and the mystic password which is best interpreted in every day life as a smile and cordial handclasp was the common greeting as members as- sembled. They camje from all cor- ners of the Hoosler state to spend two days as the special guests of Fprt Wajne Elks, and the city was proud to do them honor. About 500 delegates and convention visitors ar- rived yesterday and further delega- tions are expected to swell the ciowd to-day: The Opening Session. Despite the heat, there was plenty of pep and enthusiasm In all the ses- sion of the day. The first gathering of the Elks was a business session held yesterday afternoon in the local Iqdge room, when the Noblesvllle Martinsville degree teams competed In the Initiation of a class of six candidates. The Noblesville team car ried off the honors In the ritualistic work. bast Festivities. The program last night consisted of the opening banquet and parade with many visiting officials high in the order of the state present, on both occasions. The banquet was served in Elks hall, where a sea o: the national colors and the flags o: the allied nations transformed the auditorium and stage into a beautlfu setting for the gathering. Aa was fitting, the Stars .and Stripes, wen given the place of honor, for the Elks base their membership as American freeman upon their fealty to Old Glory. Maurice C. Niezer pre- sided as toastmaster and the wel- coming address was given by Mayor beer and wines. The house j the initiative and inrhViarv rnmmitrpu rwAivArl ferendum resolution was reported, judiciary committee received James Dunean> of Seattle, declared and agreed to VOte next Sat- the measure was for the benefit of I the "rank and file of workers." He urday on an amendment by accused the resolutions committee, Representative Card, demo- i iSKEE 'belief the .rank and file was not Intelligent Which j enough to consider Important ques- would authorize the president preach about democracy and yet you wont have it in organized labor" hotly declared the delegate. Delegate Doutlebaum, of Detroit, j i accused the committee and organized proposed Suspension j Iabor ln general of desiring to of senate rules barring his ridei, "choke any new ideas." which requires a two-thirds majority. Charles O. Shay of iSew "iork, de- He spoke briefly in support of limit- of the theatrical stage work- ng the war time prohibition act toiers. denied that organized labor was distilled spirits only, but no dibcus-1 sion came from prohibition advocates. When Senator Phelan concluded, Senator Qronnav republican, of North I crat, Ohio, to prohibition en-! pressive and homing the flirt n 00 TlrtT forcement legislation to suspend the war time ban wines. Senator Women Now Play Part in Bernadine Woenker Says His WASHINGTON. D. C. June IS Doom of the daylight saving plan in- augurated as a war measure was pionounced to-day by congress, bffth senate and house adopting by ovlr- whelming measures to teinii- nate operation of the law when the period of summer time ends next October 26. The house, following tftree hours' debite, by a vote of 233 to 132 passed light i TJ. measure on the same date fixed by lt ls the house bill. The senate measure now goes to conference with the agricultural bill and the house bill is to be sent to the senate. H is considered likely that senate amendments will be finally substituted for the house measure. Action of congress therefore means continuation of the prpsent clock time j this summer and early fall with re- turn to sun time October 26, ending jsm run two years operation of the daylight saving plan. Members of both senate and house, In advocating repeal of the law en- acted March 19, 1918. said they were guided largely by -flushes of farmers and laboring men, who oppose the ad- vanced working hours during the spring and summer season. Oppo- nents of the repeal legislation de- clared the extra hour of daylight was a boon to city dwellers and asserted NOTHING OFFICIAL KNOWN ON ACTION_OF_GERMANY At Weimar the Document Is Being Carefully Studied by Peace Commission of National Assembly; Armies Will Advance in the Formation of Battle if Necessary NEWSPAPERS TAKE DARK VIEW (By the Associated Press.) NOTHING official has yet become known as to what action the German government will take regarding the peace treaty. At Weimar the document is being carefully studied by the national assembly's peace commission. Unofficial reports are that there is great dissatisfaction the part of the German cabinet members and high Gorman officials over what are considered the extremely hard terms, d a large majority of the cabinet members are op- posed to signing the treaty, but are fearful of a reign of bolshevism and consequent chaos in the country should they decline. German newspapers take a dark view of the outcotte; whether Germany signs or not. Those newspapers who op- aiorn'no- lor rVim'v Signing let tneir extent Of Organization of Democrats of Twelfth District Voice Is Same; Sees Him in Muncie Jail pecting a resumption of hos- tilities by the allies Monday if the armistice is permitted automatically to end. While there is nowhere any indication that if circum- ______ stances compel the allied that others easily could adjust their i affairs to conform to the adduced (troops to advance turther into Germany there necessarily fighting, the Ameri- cans, British and French troops will be prepared for any eventuality. If a further Inva- sion becomes' necessary the troops will march into Germany in battle clock schedule. More than two score of house mem- bers participated in the debate but will as most speeches were limited to a few minutes, all obtained permission to oxttnd their remarks. Senate discussion was confined vir- tually to addresses by Senator Lafol- Ittte, republican, of Wisconsin, cham- pion of the repeal rider, and Senator ffiiAav i-annhiiniin nf "TCew York, au- Dakota, in charge of the agricultural j appropriation bill, moved to table Senator Phelan's motion, cutting further debate. I On the Phelan motion, senators! voting in its support were: Repub- j Edge, France, Knox, jaFollette and Wadsworth. To'al, six; Phelan, rteed, Thomas and Williams, total, five. Grand total, eleven. Senator McLean, republican, of Connecticut, also voted (Continued on Page 16, Column 3.) ---------------o--------------- (Continued on Page 16, Column 2.) Workers Are Enthusiastic, Confesses to Killing formation. With President Wilson in Belgium MEETING AT THE ANTHONY PROTESTS HIS INNOCENCE _______ _______ senators who voted against the rider i and David Lloyd George, British pre- were: Calder, Frelinghuysen, New- jmier, visiting the battlefields around the'.berry. Page, Phipps and Robinson, nil Verdun, the council of foreign t. republicans except Mr. Robinson. listers and the supreme eco Over Prospects for" Cam- paign''of Muncie Druggist But Denies Crime Here One Prisoner at the Bliss Stockade Believed to Be Staff Officer 1 Women assume an active part in j MUNCIE, Ind, June Ber the organization of the democratic of Fort Wayne came I] arty of the Twelfth district with the appointment yesterday of Mrs Fied trict dis- a few weeks county and precinct vice- I chairmen, all women, will be named and the organization will be com- plete. Mrs. McCuIloch's appointment was made at a meeting of Twelfth dis- trict workers held at the Anthony EL PASO, Texas, June agents here claimed late to-day to have received a communication from i Villa's column in the neld southwest I of Juarez. They located the Villa here this afternoon and practically identified William Anderson, colored, as the man who Killed her sweetheart, night of 30. Anderson is held In jail here for the murder of Clyde Benadum, local druggist, whom he j shot when Benadum resisted the rob- j bery of his store by Anderson and a white 17-year-old boy. Miss Woenker went to the jail this afternoon and she Identified Anderson by his voice. She Speaker Before Chamber Commerce Says High Prices Will Continue TALK INDUSTRIAL PLAN High prices will continue and the time for building, buying and going forward with all lines of business Is at hand, declared Colvin H. Brown, I ranza officials say he is a Villa gen- chief of the extension sen-ice bureau I craj and a signer of the famous VII- column was moving mo the Galeana district but that Villa was near his former base at Villa Ahumada yes- terday. Among the eleven prisoners being held at the Fort Bliss stockade as suspected Villa meu, one is believed to be a Villa staff officer. He gave the name of Medina and claimed to be a Carranza officer of Colonel Del Arces command, Car- of the United States Chamber of Commerce, in an address at the an- nual meeting of the Fort Wayne Chamber of Commerce last night Issued In Oc- tober, 1917. He is being held for further investigation. The prisoners were brought from Mexico by Am- The speech was one of the finest lo- I troops Monday stal man Vta fha business men have ever had the opportunity of hearing and the speaker was repeatedly cheered on his statements. In making his state- ment relative to high prices, Mr. Brown referred to conditions follow- ing every war in history. That the Industrial plan, as drawn j received here. Many persons were by the plans committee of in- i reported wounded. The riot was GALVESTON, Texas, June Ten Mexicans, alleged members of the industrial workers of the world, were killed by Mexican federal troops during a riot at Tampiro to- day, according to an unofficial report lUClH.JimPLi. JHHiClOVH ma hotel yesterday on the call ot iJis- his voice was exactly the same as that of the man who shot Holle. Anderson opened up this aft- ernoon and admitted having killed Benadum but he declared he was in- jnocent of the Fort Wayne crime. He jsaid the only shooting sciape he ever i was in other than the one here was iat Bluefield, W. Va, where a craps game ended in a free for all gun fight. Positive that s.he talked to the murderer of her fiance, Fred Holle, on the night of May 30, Miss Woen- ker returned home last night from Vluncie with Sheriff Gillie, Detective Sergeants Rundell and Hall and the parents of Holle. The officers, too. are sure that the negro committed the crime and think that he will make a confession before many days. In an instant after hearing the negro speak, Miss Woenker said she was positive he was the man and she also identified the goggles and hood found on the negro as being the same worn by the slayer It was learned "night that An- derson and the white boy, arrested with him after a battle with police following the Muncie killing, had been in Fort Wayne on the night of Monday, June 9. they stopping at the Sam Bradshaw rooming house on Eureka street. It has not been learned, however, -n bother they had been here previous to that time. An- derson dented stronglj to Miss Woen- Cutshall.. He emphasized that Fort Wayne greeted the the fact Elks of Indiana with open arms and that it was no stereotyped phrase he ut- tered when he said that the hos- (Contlnued on Page 13, Column 4) dustrial bureau of the Chamber of Commerce, will be approved Is posi- tively assured by the encouragement the committee was given by the board of directors and members of the Chamber of Commerce. President Hunting presided over the meeting and stated that he was very grateful to the men who had displayed Interest enough in the city's welfare to come out for the meeting on the exceedingly hot right. Before introducing the speak- er of the evening President Hunt- ing called upon H. C. Rockhill, a member of the plans committee of (Continued on Page 13, Column 2) was said to have been in connection with labor disputes at Tampico, ------------o------------ MRS. FRED McCULLOCH Gov. Goodrich Breaks Record For Pardons And Paroles INDIANAPOLIS. June 18. Execu-j live clemency has been extended to 662 persons during the thirty months that James P. Goodrich has been governor of Indiana, according to a compilation made to-day. The number is more than double the par- dons. paroles, cancellations of fines, shortening of sentences and similar actions taken by either of his prede- cessors. The majority of the persons who were found guilty of crimes and later received executive favor were men sentenced to the state farm, Jails or workhouse. The following table shows the comparative records of Indiana's last three executives in the first thirty months of their re- spective terms shall, iton. Shortened sentences.. 10 4 Pardons with fines rich. 28 canceled 4 10 13 Pardons 62 68 96 Paroles with flnes canceled 2 6 101 paroles .............128 72 266 Fines canceled...... 48 El 168 Totals ............264 210 662 The instances noted do not Include action taken by the governors on rec- ommendations of the state board of pardons or institution boards of trus- tees, but only the action taken by the governors In their own right to par- don or parole, commute sentences or order fines canceled. They do not In- clude conditional pardons or tempo- rary paroles. Conditional pardons usually are those granted to persons who arc wanted by other justice au- thorltles for crimes elsewhort, _._. It I Uit Skeleton of War Machinery, Hoffman. Has Been Kept Intact for Emergency trlct Chairman Martin H. Luecke. All counties in the district were rep- resented and the workers were en- thusiastic over the outlook for the coming campaign. The naming of the Fort Wayne woman to charge of the woman's organisation in the district, meets with the hearty approval of all Foi several years Mrs. McCulloch has been prominent in Indiana suffrage and woman's club circles and was state chairman of the women's libeity loan com- mittee. The speakers at the meeting terday included the following: E G Chief of Naval Aviation Is Before Committee; Others Also Examined min- economic council were the only sections of the peace conference in (Wednesday, the Polish-Ukranian sit- iuation and details as to the occupa- 1 tion of Danzig by the Poles were dis- cussed by the foreign ministers, the economic councils delibera- tions concerned resumption of trade relations with Germany and financing of food supplies for Austria. Released Spartacan and communist (Continued on Page 16, Column 4.) -------------o------------- SAY POS1 WASHINGTON, D. C., June The war trade board is ready to en- force embargo measures! against Ger- many as soon as word is received from the interallied blockade Council that the blockade of that country is again In force in the event that Ger- many refuses to sign the peace treaty. Acting Chairman Wooley said to- day that a skeleton of the war time machinery of the board has been kept Intact and the board could again put into effect immediately its war time restrictions. ker and the local police that he had any connection with the crime here, but on their departure told them that they should see the Muncie jail clerk to-day. The officeis believe that this was a hint that he might make a complete confession The Delaware countv officers say they .vlll make an effort to send An- derson ,to the electric chair for the killing of the Muncie druggist, as ho has confessed to that crime. Be- cause of this confession there is no chance that he be tried for the Holle murder 1 ington. L. G. Ellingham Chairman Luecke and each of the county chaii- men Others present were as fol- ilows: Alvin Padgett, Washington; C. M. Cat-e, Kendallville: O E Me- chollls. Kendallville; J. R. Harrison, and Pat Malone, Columbia City: T. A. Redmond, Kendalhille: Harve Williams, R. A. Atkinson and J. Nyce, of Auburn; Paul Dunten, La- SSi. A. a Was Speeding to Sioux fells, lahan of Fort Wajne. There will not be a separate or- ganization of women in the demo- cratic party, but their officers will serve with the men on the various committees, in this waj taking a full part in the decisions that will WASHINGTON, June of in the avia- tion appropriation carried in the 1920 navy appropriation bill as passed by the house was uiged before the sen- ate naval committee to-day by Cap- tain T. T. Craven, chief of naval aviation, who declared that unless it was granted the United States would fall far behind other nations in the race for aircraft development. Rear Admiral J. S. McKean, act- ing chief of operations, and Captain R. H. Leigh, acting chief of navi- gation, also asked the committee to authorize a larger naval force than the house plan of 241.000 men until October 1; until January 1 and thereafter. Both recom- mended that men should be allowed until October 1 and an av- erage of for the balance of tho year. Urging an Increased appropriation for naval aviation. Captain Craven declared that England intended to spend next year for the development of aviation and France Plans for the construction of rigid dirigibles would have to be aban- doned entirely if the senate did not increase the appropriation. Captain Craven said and experimental work on heavier than air craft would have to be greatly curtailed The program for dirigible constiuc- tion. the captain said included the erection of two hangars at a cost of each, the purchase of one of the largest models of British di- rigibles for and the con- struction of two more in this country at a cost of each -------------o------------ Illustrator Tells of Plans for? "Flag of Humanity" on. Witness Stand ENGINEER TESTIFIES Tells of Work as a Menibtff of Conference Committed on Preparedness Unions Insist on Privilege of Fighting for Right of Collective Bargaining THE WEATHER 1 govern the campaign. S. D, to Take Train for Washington MT. CLEMENS, Mich.. June A shadow of Henry Ford's humanity" was unfurled in Tucker's court to-day in course of the hearing- of Mr. Ford's Hbel suit against the Chicago Daily Tribune. Evidence in the case has quoted Mr. Fprd as opposing flags of nations as to rally around" or as "the refuge of scoun- and as advocating a "flag of the creation of which he r was sajd to have referred to In 1915. To-day Irving Bacon, an illustrator in the photographic and advertising departments of the Ford'Motor com- pany, was called to the stand. "It was quite a long- time ago and I do not recall clearly the incidenVh said the witness. "I think, that the idea of designing such a> flag was put to me either by Dean MarquK head of the educational de- partment, or Mr. Brownell, the adverv. tisine manager. I made some sort of a sketch in water colors. I the field was purple and the world was shown and symbols of univarsal brotherhood, fraternity, peace and CHICAGO, June a con- ference late to-day union officials I dustry things like that." stated that the action of the Postal! other witnesses to-day were Hei Telegraph company in announcing that striking commercial' telegraphers who return to work before June 20 will be reinstated "with continuity of will have no bearing on the strike. "We are fighting for the right of collective bargaining, the same d'jht that the postmaster general extend- ed to electrical said S. J. Konenkamp, president of the tele- graphers' union. He added that lat- est reports showed more workers were idle than at any time since the strike started Telegraph companv officials assert- ed that business was not being tie- j A. Wise Wood, Xew York engine. manufacturer -ancl inventor, who a member of the conference tee on national preparedness, the coj- ordinating body of (ranizations, and who for a ffej? months in 1915, was a member of tSe navy advisory board; Willis J. Abbott, the writer, long associated with Hearst publications and Floyd GHb- bons. Tribune correspondent, crosa examination of whom was concluded. Mr. Wood testified that he was early associated with Colonel Roosevelt and General Leonard Wood in crystalliz- ing preparedness sentiment In tha country and educating public opinion. He resigned from the navy advisory board in a letter which accused Sec- retary of the Navy Daniels of mis- layed noticeably in any district. statements regarding the position OJt ion leaders said conferences in At-. the advisory board on naval expan- lantic City by American Federation sion. The letter was made public an4 of Labor officers probably would re- i creeled some sensations at the suit in placing the entire situation Mr. Wood said he interviewed Mr. before President Wilson. Ford in Detroit in 1916 in an attempt Charles P Ford, secretarv of the to convert the manufacturer preparedness view. The latter, IHje witness said, was rather impatient of his arguments, and remarked "flags were something to rally round" and that after the world war they' would all be hauled down. They talked also of "the a day minimum wage" at the Ford plant and the international brotherhood of electri- cal workers, said the strike of tele- phone operators and linemen in the Pacific coast district might be ex- tended to other states included in that district unless demands are met. He attributed the trouble to failure rit't-iibjrvi. of telephone companies to abide b> nps testified that Ford said the postmaster gencials order per-isca, or profit-sharing plan mttting- the workers to bargain col- Icctlvely. (Continued on Page 16, Column 1.) Assume Newly Created Position of Chairman of Directors NEW YORK, June N. Vail, president of the American Telephone and Telegraph company, I Republican Sen. McCumber's Address on Nations' League SIOUX FALLS. S June Senator Thomas P Goie. of Okla- homa, was Injured late this after-- leiepnono mui leieKieiuii uumpiuiv, _ _ announced to-day that he had re- x WASHINGTON. June misrepresented and so grossly signed the presidency and assumed' vv of misrepresented as the Covenant of the newly created position of thair- man of the company's board. Ing opponents of the league of I nations have so conducted a cam- i.r JJI H. B. Thayer. identified with the'paign of misrepresentation and dls- I'stem for fort years, has been tortion, Senator McCumber, of North WASHINGTON, June Indiana: Partly cloudy Thursday: local thundershowers at night or Fri- day In south: fair In north portion: not quite so worm, Lower Michigan: Fair Thursday and probably Friday, not so warm Friday portion. Ohio: Fair, continued warm Thurs- day; Friday partly cloudy; probably local thundenhowerd south portion. BAKER COMMENDED FOR SENDING TROOPS ACROSS THE BORDER. WASHINGTON, Juno presentative Emerson, republican, Ohio, to-day introduced a reso- lution declaring that "congress commends the action of Secretary of War Baker in sending United States soldieis across the Mexi- can border for the purpose of protecting the lives and property of citizens of the United States." uuiiiA, jiij iii uil p v OLTTIJI lOriy yGlli S, J1H.S DBPn. i noon when an automobile In which eiected president, and N. C. Kings-i Dakota, a republican member of the he was rushing from Mitchell to bury has been elected vice-president.'foreign relations committee, told trie Sioux Falls, overturned, throwing I succeeding U. N. Bethell. who has re- senate to-day that the league' the senator out onto the ground. tired. offered the only present hopo Of preventing future and more terri- ble wars. Senator Gore was not painfully in- I jured, according to attending phy- I sicians. His bhouWer was badly bruised but he suffered no Internal lnjuries> The Oklahoma senator was speed- Ing to Sioux Falls to catch a train for Washington when the accident occured. A front wheel of the automobile caught in a rut. overbalancing the car. He plans to continue his trip to-morrow. John J. Carty, head of research, ex- periment and development, became vice-president. In charge of develop- ment and research, and W. S. Gif- ford. former director of the council of national defense, vice-president, in charge of accounts and finance. The changes, Mr. Vail said, were in anticipation of the end of federal control of the wire systems. As chairman of the board. Mr. Vail will devote his attention to the larger the league of nations. That sornt ol It is vague, I know, and some por- tions objectionable, from particular viewpoints. But that it discrlminato against us. is unfair in Its treatment of our country, or what It imposes Oh us tiny obligation or burden that 1s not equally borne by every other tion, I most emphatically deny. It n regrettable that the mighty power, pf Keplylng to the arguments of many eloquence is used to defame and