Monday, April 22, 1901

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette

Location: Fort Wayne, Indiana

Page: 1

Other pages in this edition:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Who (or what) are you looking for?

Find old articles about anyone, in the World’s Largest Newspaper Archive!

Other Newspapers from Fort Wayne, Indiana

Loading...

Other Editions from Monday, April 22, 1901

Loading...

Text Content of Page 1 of Fort Wayne Journal Gazette on Monday, April 22, 1901

Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1901, Fort Wayne, Indiana THE PORT WAYNE JOURNAL-GrAZETTE. i MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 22, 1901. PRICE FIVE CENTS. A DAY OF ALARM THROUGHOUT THE OHIO VALLEY. The River Palling at Pittsburg, But Rising to the Danger Line in Southern Ohio. Storm Mas Cost the Pittsburg District and the Story of Destruction Cannot be Had in the Other States Until Communica- tion is Fruit Crop Ruined and Other Crops Damaged. THuBATENED. RESERVOIR MAY BREAK AND FLOOD WINSTED, CONN. Floods Weaken the Banks and a Break Would Cost Many People Ready to Fly to the Hint! O., Reservoir in Dan- gerous ''Condition. WIFE TELEGRAPHS THAT 81 IS DEAD. i -__________ i i j MESSAGE BRINGS GARRETT MAN FROM MONTANA TO CHICAGO. GRAPHIC WORD PICTURE OF THE WORST SPRING STORM ON RECORD. WINSTED. Conn.. April safety oC this town and the lives ot many inhabitants arc seriously threat- ened to-night by the condition of High- land lake, which is now so swollen by the recent rains that overflow is imminent. Notices have been issued to the dwellers along four streets to take to the hills as soon as a general alartu is given and guards are posted at fre- quent intervals on the- lakeside to give warning it any overflow occurs. The lake is situated at an elevation ot nearly 100 feet above the town proper. A natural dam between ad- j jacent bills forms the boundary which holds the mass of water back and along the top of this is a roadway. The water, usually several feet below the level of the road is now separated from it by but a few inches, and a stream runs fourteen inches over the stile-way at the outlet. Rain is still falling. Instead of Grandmother the Husband Meets With an Embrace and Troubles Are All ation Made in the Course of a Meal. CINCINNATI. April has been more alarm throughout the Ohio valley to-day on account ot floods than at any period since February. 188-1. when the Ohio river reached its high- est stage of 71 feet and Inches at this city. Most ot tlin Inhabitants of the valley spent tho night In anticipa- tion of the worst flood ever known in tin: valley as they will not know until to-morrow that the water has begun fulling at Plttnlmrs. Until thin news reached the river men here to-night. It was fenrod that Hie record of 188-1 might be broken but now It Is gener- ally believed tluil the river will not exceed Ihe floods of February, and of March. 1898. when It reached feet nf'Olnclhnnti. The prevent flood Is the worst- that been Known no Into In the spring. Tim first week In April. 13SC. tho river reached tin fool, ami Inches In Mils city that was the highest water ever known late In the spring. There hits been no flood In tho Ohio valley since March, isns. and these floods havo rarely occurred late as March, usually In Kebruary. The Hood will ilo much more damage HOW than It wotild have done nne or two months ago, "While the close ob- serving river men to-night are confi- dent that tin; record uf 1881 will not he broken unless another mountain Hood soon reaches Pittsburg, yet. it is now evident ttlat much damage will bij done beforo the present Is ex- hausted. While the water bus begun to fall at Plttsburg. both rain and snow have been falling heavily last night, anil to-day and lo-niglit all along the Ohio valley. Tlije danger line has already been reached at points above Cincinnati and It will be reached here to-morrow morning. The merchants and manufacturers in the lower part of the city have been working all day and night preparing for the worst. The Sunday excursion season was to have started here to-day, but naviga- tion was stopped because the boats could not pass under the bridges. Early this evening the weather bureau here announced heavy snows and rains along the Ohio valley, es- pecially in southern Ohio. The uni- form rise during tho day was 4.10 of n 'foot per hour, but the average Is high- er to-night. The weather bureau an- nounced that the danger line had been reached nt all upper sub-stations to- night and that it would be reached in Cincinnati to-morrow noon. The stage Av-as 4-1.7 feet at C o'clock here to-night and the danger lino is 80 feet. The mayor ot Portsmouth, O., tele- graphed that the danger line had been reached there and that a heavy snow was falling to-nlghU Similar reports have been received at tho weather bureau from all over southern Ohio and'us far north as Springfield. Owing to the general prostration of, telegraph and telephone wires it is Impossible to hear from many points. The trains arc late on all the railroads and some trains that were due last Might from the cast have not yet arrived. It is generally conceded that the fruit crop throughout the Ohio valley is gone and the dhnlttgc to the crops is very great. While the danger line is placed ut 50 feet here, considerable damage has been done to-night since tho stage ot tho. Ohio.river passed -15 feet. The stage at U o'clock was 4fi feet and two inches. Tlte crest of the flood will not bo hero till. Tuesday morning. When the rultts came earlier, cold weather followed them so that the snows did not. melt suddenly in. the mount.nius lull nt this season n nocond flood is tonral if wnrm weather fol- lows tho clearing weather that began before midnight here and elsewhere along tho Ohio valley, Tho worst of the flood will roach here to-morrow night and Tuesday. The hack water to-night has inundated all the liottoins of Mill Creek valley and the most of the Utlle Miami valley. The base ball park Is on the west side, and it will be under water when tho stage of feet is reached. The race track at Newport. Ky.. will be under water at 58 feet. When the stage reaches, 53 feet, to- morrow, Ulg Four. 0. K. O. South- western. C. O.. Queen Crescent roads and other lines that use the cen- tral station will be unable to get into their depots. PITTSBURG DISTRICT SUFFERS Railroads Alone Suffer to the Extent Of the Fort Wayne Line It Well Subtitling. April and Allegheny are slowly emerging from the murky flood. At 8 p. m. the rivers wore receding nxuri? a foot an hour. The highest point reached nt Davis' Island dam was -fi.s feet at 8 p. m.. which means US feet til tin- junction of (he Allegheny .anil MOIHIII- gahnla rivers. The water remained stationary until about 'I m. when It began to fall. Conservative estimates of the total damage In this district Is between and Fifty thousand workers are suffering from enforced idleness. While there have been greater floods at this point, there never one that cailsed so much financial loss and discomfort. This was due to the dense popula- tion caused by the recent rapid growth of the two cities and to the fact that all the manufacturing plants on the river banks' were In active op- eration, most of them were working night and day. until the rising water put out the fires and drove the work- ers to higher ground. The loss to tho railroads entering Pittsburg from flood, land slides, wrecked bridges, heavy snow ami the interference with traffic is estimated at Oh the Fort Wayne the worst trou- ble was a snow blockade betwoen: Sa- lem and Massillon. O. This began Sat- urday morning and tied np the road for 24 hours. At fl o'clock this morn- ing the track was cleared and trains began moving. The same trouble kept the Cleveland trains on. the Plttsburg Lake Ei-lo late, five trains haying been blockaded at WIndom, near Lca- vittsburg, for 25 hours. This snow fall did not extend east of Now Castle, but at Youngstown it was two feet deep and drifts In the cuts north of that city were up to locomotive headlights. Tho wreck of an Brie train blockeft the road so that deep drifts formed. Water was two feet deep on the Lake Brie tracks at Sawmill Run but trains got through. Big landslides occurred on the Pitts- burg Lake' Erie, the it. O. at Skobo, on the Panhandle, on the. south side, the Bessemer at several points, and tho Allegheny Valley nenr Frank- lin. The slide above was about IfiO feet long and it required fourteen hours' work to clear one track. Through west, bound trains were loaded at Thirty-third street, passengers being transferred by street cars. At Skobo, iKitween. Monaco and Ali- qulppa, the Lake Erie received its most serious landslide. One hundred foot of the west bound track was car- ried fifty fuel down tho stoop bank, tho whole face of tho bank slipping down in the river. On the linos of the Pnnnsylvanla and Baltimore to Wheeling great damage is reported and both lines wore tied up several McKINLEY. ROOT AND WOOD TO RECEIVE DELEGATION THIS WEEK. Congressman Platt is al of Islanders to Accept Amend- ment Means Continued Occupa- for Insular Decis- ions. RESERVOIR THREATENS TO BREAK. UEIJ-EFONTAINB. O.. April Lewigton reservoir has not yet gone through Its banks but fear still ex- ists that it will, and vigilance has not been relaxed by the people In that vicinity. The break of eight years ago that devastated the country below ami ruined farms and'swept away bridges Is still fresh In tlio minds of the peo- ple and they are keeping up tho vigil to see that all small breaks arc quick- ly repaired. The Intensity of the sit- uation Is partially relieved since last night by the falling of the wind. (Cont.lnuort on Page Five.) BROKEN DAM LOOSES DEVAST- ATION. CHESTGU. April Flood Hollow dam In MlddU'flelrt gnvo way about. <i o'clock to-night letting loottfl the water In (ho big reservoir. which, rushed with terrific force Into tho went brunch of the Westfleld river, sweeping everything before It and Miibmerjclng ihfc greater part or town. No lives wore lost, but great damage ban been done. the. ex- tent of which It. Is ImpoKKlblo now estimate. Orilera had been given to Inspect tho (linn and word bad been sent to the people below that the dam was almost certain to go out. The fam- ilies In the lowlands got what they could together and made for winces of safety before the dam broke. Tho huge timbers of the dam wen; hurled into the foaming current and wont In one great crashing mass to- ward Chester. Two quartz mills at Flood Hollow, barns and out-bulldlugs wore swept along In the torrent. At Bancroft the. Boston and Albany stone bridge was carried away. together with six hundred feet of trucks. It will probably he two days before the trains are running. Chester looks desolate. The town is darkness. Houses are Hooded and the streets filled with timbers from tho dnm. WONDERFUL OPERATION IN A ST. LOUIS HOSPITAL. ST. LOUIS, Mo., April H. b. Nlctert, superintendent of the city hospital, has just performed one of the most remarkable operations ever recorded in the annals ot surgery. It consisted of taking three stitches in tho heart of Philip Gunn. who had been stabbed in a saloon brawl. The point of tho knife blade had entered the right ventricle and had pierced to the cavity of the heart. Luckily tho knife had entered the heart obliquely, and tho result was that tho. opening between the cavity and the pericar- dium, or covering of the heart was lip-shaped on both sides. The wound acted as a, valve, nnd at each pulsa- tion of the blood through the heart hut a small quantity escaped through tho artificial opening. The task of stitching this unusual wound was a very difficult one. Dr. Nietort first re- moved a section of the breast bone, exposing the pericardium. The mo- tion.of the heart cannot he repressed and Dr. Nietert was forced to make the stitches while the organ was shift- ing about. It required three sutures to effectually close the gap. This del- icate operation finished, the pericar- dium was sewod together. Tho por- tion of the breast, bone removed could not bo replaced and the opera- tion was concluded hy stitching to- gether the skin and tho outor tissues which cover tho chest. Gunn IB still alive and as he has a strong constitution tho physicians I predict Ms recovery. CHICAGO. April family has been reunited, a neat flat on the north side is being Fitted up, and two hearts are supremely be- cause a despondent wife sent a tele- gram to her husband that she was dead. Daniel Hamni and his wife came to Chicago about twp'months ago from Oarrctt. Ind.. and? registered at the Grand Central hotel. Harrison street and Fifth avenue. They .brought a few household goods with them, which were stored in the railroad ware- house. A few days alter their arrival Mr. Hamin went to Montana on a busi- ness trip, leaving his wife in the ho- tel. Diamond! Were Pawned. Days went by. and Mrs. Hanun failed to hear from her husband. Her means became exhausted, and she was forced to pawn her diamonds. Fin- ally :i letter, containing a J5 bill, came from Montana, but this, with the pro- ceeds of the pawned diamonds, soon was gone, and the wife was in n most despondent tnood. Her hotel bill was due. and she needed money, but she rotild get no response to her letters to her husband. Finally she decided on a plan of action. Going to the telegraph office in the hotel, she wrote a message to her husband saying that sho dead signing her grandmolhnr's Wat Lively. Three days after the telegram a train rolled Into the Grand Ventral gtntlori from St. Paul. A neat- ly dressed man, whose eyes showed that he had been weeping, stepped oft. ox porting lo bo' greeted by his sorrow- ing grandmother, whom he had not Keen In years, intend a. beautiful 'Woman, twenty-oner yonrs of attired In n natty costume, flew Into his arms, exclaiming: "I'm a pretty lively rorpse. urn 1 not it was his wife. Tears of joy took tho plnce of thosf) of mourning, ami tho two repaired to the dlulug table explanations were made JIH ro HID husband's delinquency in sending money, ami peace was restored in the family. The husband returned to Indiana to arrange some business affairs, mean- while giving an order for furniture willi which lo tit up u north side flat. INDIANA MUNICIPAL LEAGUE. Large Attendance Expected at the Columbus Meeting Next Month. COLUMBUS. Ind.. April annual meeting of the Municipal League of Indiana, which will be held In this city on May S, and 10. prom- ises to he largely attended and most Interesting. The Municipal League is of relatively recent organization. Rep rcsentativcs from fourteen cities hold a meeting at Huntlngton on Feb. Hi. and William Diamond, of that city, submitted bis plan for the organ- ization of tlio league, which met the hearty approval of the representa- tives present, and from that time on the league hns taken a prominent and permanent place In tho work of muni eipnl reform. The league is a stead- ily growing organization and Is do- Ing much good toward building up tho cities which are members. The object Is to meet and exchange Ideas as to city government, so that officials will gain a broader knowledge as to how a city should, be governed. U Is expected that several hun- dred representatives and other visit- ors will he in attendance nt the Jtfay meeting here, and arrangements are being perfected looking to the royal treatment of all who may conic. Co- lumbus recently sent out representa- tives to the surrounding towns to In- duce the officials to become members. and they met with flattering suc- cess. HILL FOR PRESIDENT. This is Part of 3. Plan Which Includes Taggart, of Indianapolis, for Dem- ocratic National Chairman. INDIANAPOLIS. April the plans that are being matured here do not miscarry. Mayor Thomas Taggart. of this city, will be made chairman of the democratic national committee lie- tore the nnd of the present year, and a systematic organization will bo be- gun and throughout the states south and west to make David 13. Hill, nC New York, the party nominee for pros- iddnt at the noxt national convention. The preliminary steps in this or- ganization have already been taken, anil more than a majority.of tho mem- bers of the national committee are now pledged to Mayor Taggart, The mayor and the men who are back of his candidacy are pledged to Hill. WASHINGTON. April by Secretary Root. Governor General Wood and spokesmen of congress. President McKInley will receive the Cuban delegates early this week. A statement categorically denning the eight sections of the Platt law will be made, with definite assurances of re- ciprocal trade relations and withdraw- al of the military government July 1 conditional upon the acceptance of the guardianship of this government. Although crowded with a rush of ex- ecutive labor oil the eve pf bis de- parture for the west. President Mc- Kinley is prepared to hear all the grievances of tho Cubans against the action of congress and likewise their, aspirations for independence. A series of conferences will bo held both at the white house and war department. With the aid of Secretary Root the president will endeavor to inform the Cuban delegates as to the motive and Intent of the sections of tho Platt law relating lo treaties, intervention, con- tracting of debt, ratification ot mili- tary occupation and acts and estab- lishment of coaling or naval stations through purchase or lease. Senator Platt. of Connecticut, author of the law which bears his name, has been Invited to be present nt the white house conferences. Governor General Wood is en route from Havana to the capital and here either to-morrow or Monday, while the Cuban commission is ex- pected Tuesday or the following day. OHII. Jlaxhno Gomez, patron saint of the Cuban ultra-revolutionists, and Senor Estrada I'alma, candidate fur llm presidiums' of the Cuban republic, may take part in the councils, al- though no invitation has been extend cd to eillier. President Relief on Wood. Contrary rnpnrU from Hnvmm not withstanding, the presence of Gover- nor General Wood Is desired hy the president for tho sake of eonveiUelice mill veracity of detail on both Sides. The president unfaltering faith in the wisdom and justice of Governor General Wood's administration, atid his will serve to testify that, there IK no discord between the ad- ministration and the Wood regime. Military .forces will be withdrawn July 1 and all the departments Of civil administration In the island practi- cally turned over to elected and accredited ofllrcrs of the Cuban re- public, providing the Plait iimMndmunt is accepted by the Havana convention. Cubans are now preparing for the gen- eral elections. Thus fur the adminis- tration and its spokesmen have con- cealed their policy toward Cuba in tin- event of Its failure to accept tho Platt law by asserting that the Cubans would eventually yield. Firmly, but with all t.ho. gracious bearing which President McKinlcy knows so well how to employ, the Cuban delegates will bo informed that the Cuban re- public will remain a dream HO long as the guaranties of safety offered by this government arc rejected, or until congress again assembles and under- takes to modify or alter the provisions of the law. In other words. Governor General Wood nnd the military officers now at- tending to the affairs of tho island, collecting customs, receiving internal revenues and apportioning appropria- tions for public Improvements, will continue in office after July 1 or na long thereafter as Cuba fails to fulfill its obligations. President McKinloy will point out the obligations assumed by the United States in the Paris treaty in safeguarding "lite, property j and individual liberty" for all inhabi- tants of the island. The president and his advisors be- lieve the Cuban committee will return to its brethren prepared to dislodge prejudices and erase the false entertained by a largo body of misin- formed Cubans. Waiting for Decisions on Islands. Anxiety becomes more painfully acuto as tho time draws near for the adjournment of this session of the su- preme court one month hence. Tho in- sular test cases remain wrapped in se- crecy, and not the faintest inkling has crept forth from the chambers of the supreme court as to tho date when the important Philippine and Porto RIcan decisions will ho handed down ot what tho substance of the court's judgment will lie. President Mt-Kinioy and his officials arc not supposed to have the slightest knowledge of tho verdict. But it Is significant, nevertheless, that no con- cern is experienced in administration oirclcs lost the judgment will be a vcrsal of the policy favored thus far in cseculivo mandates and acts of con- gress. The most popular estimate is that five of the justices will sign an opinion rendered in favor of the ad- ministration attitude, and either three or tin- four remaining will declare that the constitution, covers all ot the United States' possessions, and that congress lias no power to discriminate between island possessions and integ- ral United States territory. Inasmuch as President McKiuley de- parts April for the long journey overland and Monday is the only in- tervening day when the court hands down decisions, the probabilities are slim for a decree until after the presi- dent has lett the capital. The com- ing Monday will again witness an eager throng of congressional and legal spectators in the supreme court chamber in anticipation of a decisiou. Venezuela Asphalt Cases. Venezuela asphalt wars are to be fought out in the courts of Venezuela and finally by appeal in this country, instead of on the field of battle. The arrival ot Minister Loomis from Cara- cas. Venezuela, to-day brings up the issue between the Venezuelan gov- ernment and the claimants of asphalt concessions. The state department will undertake to grapple with the Castro government at close range. Inasmuch as Americans are involv- ed in both sides of the asphalt dispute, the decision must finally be brought to local courts. Minister Loomis' presence at the state department will serve to aid the government in making more definite representations to the Castro govern- ment and bringing the questions be- fore courts for peaceful adjudication. THE TRAGIC END OF TWO RECREANT BANK OFFICIALS AT VANCOUVER. CONFRONTED WITH SHORTAGE OF PRESIDENT AND i j CASHIER KILLEDTHEM- j SELVES. Rode Out Into the Country and In a Lonely Spot Both Men Took Their Lives With the Same Pittol, the Bodies Lying Across Each Other Farewell to ulation the Cause- PEW lira SAVED BY A BOY FROM RUNNING INTO A WASHOUT. PITTSBUUG. Pa., April of the thrilling incidents connected with the floods prevailing in this state, was the hairbreadth escape from destruction of a Pennsylvania railroad limited train westbound near Tyrone to-day. A boy riding frantic- ally at the side the track, wildly waving bis cap. gave n warning to the engineer :iud saved the train from go- Ing full speed Into a landslide. Kven after the warning the train ran intn a large rock, knocking off thy row catcher of tho engine and a Pullman was sn badly damaged that It had to be taken out of the train. None of the passengers were hurt'. At Altonna another engine was se- cured and damaged car taken out ot thn train. Some of the passengers salil nt Union station to-night that they thought Mm train must have been running nearly it I tho rate of fifty miles an hour, when the passengers were suddenly jerked from their seats hy the application of tho brakes. Some of them were looking out of their windows at the time and saw the boy on a wheel waving his <-np as thn train flew by him. J. R. Francis, n for- mer governor of Missouri, was one of passengers on tho train. -------------o-------------- COULDN'T COUNT HIS WIVES. I.KO FltALQITINI SAIWT11KV WKHK TOO NUMKKOI'S TO UEMKM- HKll. NKW YOIU-C. April 21 U-o of HilK city, wrinled It, OhlcuKO on ii iirKc hlKUlliy, wnn belli in ball in I tic Mtruirt court til the ut-rfvnl of nxlnulltion JKIPLTH from the wi.-storn city. Ocnlnil ortlce detective Bui-ke. who rrnsfril FYjilfiuIni said thai ho used at :isl. live names. When niTaiKiu-d in court llurko .isk- I Fralt'iuinl IT bo hat! more than three wives, tin; liilter n-plicil "I havo no idoa OL' the mimlU'r. Can't even kcup of them." ccording to tolos-ranis rccofvocl from tho Chioji.tro police he lias a, list that is- startling. ATTEMPT TO ROB A BANK. ItUSHVILLE. Tnrt., April 21.-Tiurg- lur.s entcroil the Mull Bros.' private bonk at Manilla, bored a bole in tho vault door near combination lock tilled It with oxploslvos, but the concussion only forcc-d on" the door. Tbe burptlarfl thon dccnmport. Tin- safe- could not bo opened by the bank of- (iclala until Jin expert was cullod. VANCOUVER. Wash., April I Charles Brown and B. L. Canby, ident and cashier, respectively, ot tho I First National bank of which was closed yesterday by tin controller of tho currency, committed suicide last night two miles from thta city, by shooting themselves with revolver. Their bodies were found this morning lying together In a small clump of hushes about half a nlto north of the Columbia school, which situated on the outskirts of the town. They both used the same weapon and Canby evidently died Bret. the re- volver was In Urown's band. U evident that Canby put the of the revolver in his mouth and tbmt blew the top of his head off. Brown then took It and shot himself actly tho same way. falling qrw Canby's body. The fact that Brown'n bicycle number of articles tolonglng to Cttnby were found a short distance out of town last night led to the tkM the two bank had taken lives. Early this morning <i party started out and after hours' hunt the bodies wern found ID the clump of Friday evening Can by, upon MMf told by Dank Examiner Maxwell ttet the bank would not bo permitted to open Saturday, went out In the jrwi! behind the bunk and attempted to shoot himself. Ilia revolver failed to explode, although all live chambers were loaded. After falling to himself Cwiby came back Into the bank and he nnd I'rculdont Brown left together later, taking his revolver. When Dank Examiner Maxwell coo- fronted the bank officials with shortage of JSl.OOO which ho had dla- covered, both men admitted their guilt. It is stated that Urown atad Can by had been speculating in Hosides Brown's body there was found a package containing and a note saying that tho money belonged to daughter. Upon Canby's body tho tol- i lowing brief note was found: "My dear wife: I feel what I km about to do is for tho best. Forgive me If you can, and try to live for our children. God bless you all. Good-bye, Ned. April ID, 1901." Drown, who was 5-1 years of ngo. has lived in Vancouver since 18G2. Hie father was the first receiver ot tbe Vancouver land office. He haa served as auditor ot Clark county, la marrleJ and has a family. His connection.with the bank as its president dateo back ton years. Canby was fi2 years of age and well connected. His wife was Mlas Frances Burnside, daughter of an Ore- gon pioneer. He has a brother who 18 a paymaster In the United States army. Another brother committed (Continued on Page Five.) AMISH FARMER ROBBED OF NEAR KENDALLVIllE. The Thieves Applied Lighted Hatches to His Ears, Nose and Fingers and Assaulted His Daugh- ter Before the Wife Lead Them to the Gold Pile. CLEVELAND. O.. April special to the Leader from Kendall- villo. Ind., says: Tho homo of John Andigo, an Amisb farmer, was entered last night by three men who secured aftor burning tho old man's ears, nose and fingers with lighted matches. A 19-year-old daughter of Andigo was insulted nnd when her father re- fused to give up hia money as readily as demanded, she was dragged down to tho floor by her hair by one of the robbers. The mother who had scon nor husband's torture and the Indignities offored her daughter, told tho robbers that if they desist she would give up the money. She led tho way to the cellar where in an old cupboard the savings of years, handed over to the robbers, who escaped.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8