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Elkhart Observer (Newspaper) - September 3, 1873, Elkhart, Indiana ZÍ: r J,-.. . VOLUME II. ■ The Elkhart Observer, A WEEKI^Y jrOi;B.NAK. OF XiOCttl, Political, Commercial, Agricultural, Scien tlflc, and Literary Intellieencc. Is published every Wednesday in the Basement ol the Post Office Building, Jackson street. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Oaeyear, in advance....................... Six months, in advance................. Three months, in advance.................. RATES OF ADVERTISI>-G According to timo and space. Special for long time and large sized advertisements, vertlsins Inserted In reading matter at usual i JTOLLOT & BRUSH, Froprs. ..sa.oo .. 1.00 . .50 rates Ad-rate.f. THE ELIAS mWE SEPTEMBER 3. 1873. sE-^ÄTiisra- iMi^c SZIlsrZB! BUSINESS CARDS. Uonse, up stairs. FISH Jk GRIGGS, am Oflice opposite Real Estate and Fire. Life and Accident In-eiirauco Agency Clifton 2tf A. li. FISHEa, M- »., HOMEOPATHIST. Office corncr Main and Pigeon streets, over Gulpe's shoe store. Residence on Pigeon street, two doors cast of Baptist church. JDR. E. A. BURA'?. jgclectic pnysician, bristol, ind. J». S. OOliGH, ATTORNEY at Law, Notary Public and Real Estate Agent. Office up stairs. No. 99 Main • — - ^ ,o. rf.r St., Elkhart, Ind., with i . Main, Esq. B, F. SMITH, Attorney at law. office, second noor oi Eascall's Block, comer of Slain and Market streets, Goshen, Indiana. SHUEY & VAN FliEET, Attorneys at law, Elkhart, ind. Reference—First National Bank, Elkhart. GEO W. BEST, Attorney at law and Real Eetatc Agent. Office next door South of Opera House. Elkhart, Ind. Will give prompt attention to all business entrusted to his care. PASSENGER DINING IXAIiI>, And Railroad Hotel, at the Depot, Elkhart, Ind. J. D. Tyler, Proprietor. Travelers and soJ»nmer8 accommodated In flrBt-class style and at reasonable rates. 1867. m. 1867. liAKE SHORE HOUSE, aw. NICHOLS, located at Main Street cross-• inc, comer of Main and Railroad streets, near the Depot. This is a brick Hotel and has been recently fitted np In flrstclass style, and new furniture throughout. Board only 81,50 per day. Pleasant and convenient rooms, and especial provisions made to accommodate weekly or transient boarders. ClilFXON HOUSE, CLARK, Proprietor, corner of Main and Jackson Streets, Elkhart, Ind. Everything kept In order to make guests comfortable and at ease, and will be kept as a first class hotel, with satisfactory and reasoBable charges. H. NEIiSON JOY. Livery and feed stable, pigeon St., east of Main, Elkhart, Ind. Horses and Carriages always in readiness. Hack ready on call. 3-ly EliKHART PAPER COMPANY, Manufacturers of Printing and wrapping Papers, Elkhart, Ind. Orders solicited. j. r. jSeakdslet, Pres. 1 John Cook, Treas. B. L. Daven-poet, Sec. O J. S. DODGE, M. D. FFICE. No. 36 JIain Street, up stairs, piomptly attended to at all hours. Calls FIRST NATION A I, BANK, OF Elkhart, comer of Main and Jackson Sts., Clifton House Block. ) Sii-As Baldwin, Directors. J-B. L. Davenport, S Frank Jaurett. John Cook, Cashier. Dr. J. N. HANN.\FORD, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, office oast Fide of 3Iain St.. between Pigeon and High Sts. Residence south east corncr of Fourth and Hi|;h Streets. 5t, EI.KHARX HOUSE, WF. WICKWIRE, Proprietor. Corner of • Jackson and Sccond Streets, near the Post-office, Elkhart. Ind. Our motto is to accommo-«Fflte at reasonable rates. KVIKXS' EUROPEA.V lEOXiJL, WJ. KUHNS. Proprietor. Nos. 145,147 i; 14U . Dearborn Street, adjacent to the new Tribune Building, and a lew doors from McVicker's Theatre, Chicaizo. J. W. Bve, IriprVs CUAS. A. KtTHNS. f s. m. cmmms, d. d. s., Is tli'3 most Durable ItlaGliinc inaniiftictnrcd. Has less wearing points than any other. Has complete contr6l ovor both threads; pthers.liavc not. It sews both lii.ht and heavy goods without changc of tension. Has an automavic self-regulatina: take-up. Sews equally ^^ oil with any kind of thread. Tucks any fabric without injury or pucker. Compactness, simplicity, ease of operation and management characterize this machine. J^^The most reasonable arrangements can be made by applying to the Agent, K. fssimIMOWB^ 49tf il5 MAIN STREET. . For the Observer. Yisloiis. by jennie. In Prices for the^né5rt Two Months at N. FREEDMAN'S, 108 Main Streét. làxfra BargaMss IN LINEN GOODS, TABLECLOTHS, ■ ' HANDKERCHIEFS, VTAnx^TTvIR, &c. AI.SO, 1,000 Pieces Trimmings and tf^tfll YARDS of HAMBURG EDGE W and Home Made Embroidery, MUST BE SOLD BEFORE THAT TIUE. Come Early And Sccurc Bargraius ! _ /alies' Grass Cloths and jNEN SUITS AT COST. Seamless Kid Gloves at 81,30 per pair. jVIvI^ tiioe latest novelties, in OLOTHINa, Gents' fnriiistiifli Goois, k, IIA.TS, ETC., at 117 Main-St. ■H si «n Rooms—Up Stairs, Masonic Bli^ck, Main Street, Nitrous Oxide Gas, For the Painless Extraction of Teeth. Upper Sets of the finest quality of Artificial XeetU. In serted at from $12 to 320. Cash paid ior Gold and Silver Plate. BARGAINS IN DRESS GOODS! BARGAINS IN BLACK: ALPACAS! BARGAINS IN LINEN and GRASS CLOTHS! BARGAINS IN HOSIERY and GLOVES! BARGAINS IN BARGAINS IN BÂ.RGAINS IN cotton ADES! MEN'S SHOES! MEN'S BOOTS! E. A. SHERWOOD. Val Dealer in AND Bookseller&Stationer Offers to the people of Elkhart and vicinity a largo and well selected btock of Miscellaneous Books, Blani: BooTcs., School Books, Fine Writing Papers, Initial Papers, Inks, Pens and Pencils, Pictures and Picture Frames, Pocket Books, Photograph 'Albums, i&c. BARGAINS IN MEN'S SLIPPERS! BARGAINS IN CHILDREN'S HOSE! BARGAINS IN CHILDREN'S SLIPPERS! BARGAINS IN EVERYTHING! AT Furniture Dealers, Keep constantly on hand TIE LATEST STYLES OF WOOD COiFfflS AND CASKETS. (Metallic I'.urial Cases and Caskets Furnished on Short Notice.) A 'iRTze slock of Wall Paper! Eor the Spring trade now ready in all qaantitiee. Brown, Buff, White Blank, Satin Bronze Silver Gold Paper. Having added largely to my stock In thle line It la • ■ - —'—it to the in- and examlnf now very complete, and I will make it to the in terestofall in want of paper to call ----- my Btock before buying. Shrouds of all kinds, for Ladies ^ Gents, alwav^s on hand. Everything in the Undertaking line furnished at the lowest liring prceis. The firm have had made for them iL MA BlVTIFICEWrT HXSARSXS ! In addition they keep on hand a Mamimoth. Stock of Goods! Consisting of Jhambe]: Sets, Parlor Sets, Lounges, Mattresses, Spring Bed Bottoms, Etc. IF YOU "Want Dodgers, Want Sale Bills, Want Bill Heads, Want Statements, Want Note Heads, Want Programmes, Want Letter Heads, Want a Good Paper, Want Legal Blanks, Want Visiting Cards, Want Business Cards, Want Wedding Cards, Want "Ball Invitations, OALT, AT THE OBSERVER Under Post OfBlce. NOTlOE! To the Ladirs of iìlkhart and vicinity. MRS. AND MISS PRATHER Have i-.stablished a shop at TVo. 18 8 aÌÀ-IN STUEET. l»tdoor north of Walley's Furniture »tore, for the mann facture of all kinds of Such as Svsitches, Points, Curls, Frizes, 'Watch (jruards. Necklaces, bracelets j And Hair Jewelry oí all deocrlptlons. with Toguthei PLAIN DRÍ:SS & CLOAK MAKING. and Under Clútiiing, Qentg' SSirts, Pants,Vestg, ' i¡c., ittttde to order PrleesTeaHi >n»l)te.?i Jlemcmber the place, Wo* 188 Mi Jn ;««reet, JBIIcbart, Ind» HAIR DOSSING ! PMlin Clivisfman 10Í3 ü^^^liT ST. ELKHART. Manhood : How Lost, How Restored. Just pnbllshad a new edition of »r. CnlverweUja ««lebrated Ea- say on the radical care iwUhont medí, cine) of Spermatorrhoea or Seminal Weakness, Involnntaiy Seminal Losses, Impo-tency. Mental and Physical Incappi^^, Impedl-' ments to marriage, etc.; also Consiûtptlon, Epilepsy and Fits, induced by seU-lndtugence or sexual extravagance. ^-Price In a sealed envelope only six cents. The celebrated author. In this admirable essay, clearly deînnstrate» from a thirty years' snccess-fol practlMi^hat the BlKiemiiir Consequences of eelf-abïise MavJBeTâaicrilT cníed Vrtthonttho dan-gérons nse of internai medicine or the application of the knife, polntln/; ont a mode of core at once simple, certain and, effectnal, by means of which every sufferer, no matter what his condition may be, may core himself cheaply, privately and radi-cally. B^This lecture should be in the hasdisof «very youth and every man in the land. Sent under seal, in a plain envelope, to any ad-HieBB, pott paid, on recclpt of six cents, or two post stamps. Address the Publishers, CHAS. J. C. KMNE & CO., 1« Bowery, New Toric, Po«t-Offloe Box, 4586. Elkhart Book Bindery, AT THE OFFICE OF THE HERALD of TRUTH ELKHART, IND'. We take pleasure to inform our friend« and the public In general, that wc have established a BOOK BINDERY in connection with our Printing Office, and are now prepared to do all kinds of Binding, such as Books, Pamphlets, Macazlnes, Mnsic, &c., promptly, and on reasonable terms. JOHN P. FITNK & BRO. M. TRTJBY, Dealer in Watches/Clocks, AND .-J News Agent^ Bookseller AKD I see the snowy warp of Hie, I see the happy hours Weaving with husy Ungerà A golden wreath of flowers; Bn t throngh «nd back --- Andjthrongh and back A tiny shnttle ever flies And leaves a thread of black. I bow me at tha portal Ofa lofty temple door, I hear in entranced rapture The organ's mighty roar; I hear a thousand voices Uingllng in one refrain; But above it all comes piercing An iBllint cry ofpain. I hear above the altar A small voice still and clear, . A voice that does not falter- That all in the Tiouse may hear : "Ye fathers and ye »others. Ye husbands and yn wivof. Ye servants in whose keeping I leave these precions lives. Better for y- "-ore a grave in the sea «».„„^irp/icevu.-. these which believe in Out in the night of Error, Damp with the dew of youth, I fee fair children waiting At the door of the temple of truth. The hands are small and feeble. The servants asleep within. But brightly the lights are gleaming, streaming, ; iAndi^mmtli and welcome are beaming. From the doors of the p.t!ace of sin. • « »1* ♦ • * « Behold again! The morning Of life is glimmering gray On the temple door; it will open soon But the children are gone away— And those little tracks in the sands of time From truth's barred door to the palace of crime? They are footsteps —turned that way. Elkhart, Ind,, August, 1873. THE CKUSADERS WEDDING. A WELSH LEGEND. number 3. Pigeon Street, Near Main AGENT FOR FLORENCE SK.-»nxG THE TEUBY LIBEAEY Is a fine colloctlon of Books, conaUttDgof Histoz7 Faetiy, Bomsaee, &c. Sabscriptlonprice Ten Cents par week, or $1 peryeuT.- Euronwy, one of the fairest of her sex, was the only child of a Welsh noble, who dwelt in Lleyn, not far from Aberdaron. Arthur's home was not far, and there were but few dwellings between the two-houses. Both children being nearly of the same age, and of similar worldly position, the two were playmates from their earliest years. In due time they passed from playmates to lovers; but, before they married, it was decided that Arthur, who longed for military glory, should go away to fight under the banner of the Cross for a while. Soon after his departure, a fierce war broke out between the English and the Welsh. A force of English invaders pushed their way into Lleyn, and beset the lome of the Euronwy. In those stormy times, the houses of country gentlemen were meant more for strongholds than pleasances; so the invaders found that in attacking this mansion, they had undertaken jio easy task, more especially as the two families, in addition to the strength of their houses, had plenty of sturdy retainers. The home of Euronwy would probably have fallen a prey to the foe if a strong force had not been sent by Arthur's father to assail the enemy in the rear. The maneuver succeeded. The English were beaten oiF, many of them being taken and cast into the dungeons, provided for the accommodation of prisoners of war. Among these captives was a young English knight named Alfred who remained in the custody pf Eurpn-wy's father. One result of this was that h© fell desperately in love with the young Welsh beauty; and when at last he was set at liberty he told her of his love, and resolved to make her his wife or perish in the attempt Now, in those days there was a class of traveling harpers who passed from house to house, being every where gladly received for the sake of their mastery of an instrument of which the Welsh were passionately fond. Few guests were more welcome than the wandering minstrel. Some time after the parting of Alfred and Euronwy a traveling harper came to the door, and played some of those airs which are never sweeter than when performed on the instrument for which they were first composed. Alfred—for the disguised harper was no other—at once became a favored ^est. He had been at the pains of learning to play the harp for the express purpose of carrying oft the girl who had so completely Avon his heart. Circumstances fevered his plam. Euronwy was accustomed to go in the early twilight to walk to and fro along the path on which she had parted 'svith the absent Arthur, and of this habit Alfred decided to avail himself. He had previously arranged that a strong force of his friends shölflaÄtf it Aberdaron, filienever he sen^hem word to come; * The next step was to frequent this path at the hour when Euronwy was to be found there. Ere long she, unsuspectingevil, began to take mote pleasure in hia society than her absent, lover would have liked, if he had been there to see; and often, in the long summer evenings, would lihe harper play his instrument, while Euronwy sat by listening. As he gaingd^ her ccmfid^ce, by degrees tpld hi^ oi Arthur, that he .waÄ-jwrayin the^ Crusade, and that at a fixed time he would return to claim ^her for his bride. She besought the disguised knight to await the loveiis^ ^return, in order" to play his täi^ -at'- the wedding. Alfred assenting, delayed the arrival of his friends, arr^ging that they should arrive on th&^Vi^ day of Affftitir's return; fo^Jlejlioped in thls-^way to snatch her, as it were, from the very arms of her lover, so that by such an achievement^his prc^w&^inight be more CjDj^pl^qusly. ^spüy^.' In due time the allies came, bringing :with themj tbe treacherous harper's: horse and janöbri uHaving met Euronwy as usual, and perceiving that they were near, he pjayed his harp as , § rsigpiä forSHeiri acU^nce; and' the!p,,^leaYjng theT'girl for a moment, west ä^de into- ä copse, oast t/ff his disguise, and assumed his martial aCtire. Returning with some armed men, ho oeized Euronwy, put her on a horse, ana «iocömp^nied by the new comers sped awaj to Aberdaron. . While Alfred carried out thig_j)art ofhis wicked scheme, others wtivt for ' the' "priest' of Abei-däron, and brought him to the church, compelling him, sword in hand, to hold himself ready for the marriage Meanwhile, Arthur ~ had ■ returned, and sought his love, who, he was told, had not come back from her evenings walk. To await her return he joined her father, and sat down to tell his adventures; and, as mieht be supposed, time sped swiftly with his hearers, until at last even their interest in the story of the returned Crusader gave way to anxiety about the girl. They sought her, but without success. Arthur's feelings may be imagined. But he had been through a school in which he bad learned to displace vain regrets by swift action. He promptly called together a band of mounted retainers, and away they sped in search, Arthur with brandished sword urginsr r>n A.t ----------- iney met an old man coming from Aberrlarrv". r' "" , swer to their hasty inquiries, told tnem rnuL a oana ot horsemen had passed him going that way, and that they had with them a woman whose face was On they went, and, as they approached the church, they could see that late as was the hour, there was a light inside. Hastily dismounting, Arthur rushed past the English soldiers who guarded the porch; and, bursting into the church, he saw Euronwy on the point of being forcibly married to the English knight who stood by her side. Both men at once saw who was before them. At the same instant they drew swords. Then began a deadly duel at the very altar. At last Arthur, with one mighty stroke, cleft his rival through helmet and skull, and Alfred fell dead on the floor. Euronwy's father, who had arrived by this time, ordered the priest to proceed with the service. Thus weirdly were Arthur and Euronwy reunited for ever, after their long separation; while he who had all but robbed the Crusader of his love lay dead at his feet. Kailtvay Postal Car Service. A map showing both the through mail and the railway postal car service routes operated by the General Government in the United States has just been published, which is strikingly significant as indicating in which portions of the country the greatest amount of mail service is rendered and, of course, used. Most readers will understand that the railway postal car service is little less than the establishment of a postoffice upon wheels, in which letters and other mailable matter may be deposited and in which they will be carried to their destination without being redistributed at intermediate local postoffices. In these postal cars the mails are distributed and made up as at local offices, and in one instance at lease packages are made for city carriers and are distributed by them, without going through the city offices, saving several hours in the sorting of letters. Under the old system letters going from Omaha to New York would have to be sorted and distributed several times upon the route; but under the new the letter would not enter a postoffice between the two points, all the business bejng done in the postal car, saving perhaps thirty-six hours in its transmission. The railway postal car service of the government begins in the extreme East, at McAdam Junction, in New Brunswick, six miles east of St. Croix, on the St. Croix River, which is the easternly boundary of Maine, and continues an unbroken stretch to the Pacific coast. Its northern limit is St. Paul, from which reaches to New Orleans, that city being the only Gulf or Atlantic port included in the system between the Mexican frontier and Acquia Creek, on the Potomac River. This system has grown to its present pro-îortions on account of the desire on the part of the General Govemmont to increase the speed in the transmission of mails, and to adapt that means of inter-communication to the growing commercial interests of the country. The vast extent of our domain and the geographical impossibility of locating financial centers at points not by nature designated as entrepots for the agricultural and manufactured products of so l.a^e a. territory has rendered imperative the establishment of the most comprehensive postal jto accommodate the volumé'Óf correspondence that daily and hourly pours Jjito; and between such centers, p'^ijeingthè óasei |t?is^jrt k^îTbat those portioba of thè òóuntry in which are located the most important pointf for distributing the products of the nation's wealth and industry should be the most frequently crossed and recrossed by the routes of the railway postal car service, that the transaction of business may be the least impeded where there is the greatest demand for ceierity and dispatch. A glance at thé map shows that the great point from which radiates the routes tìf:,this grand system is the city of Chicago, and also that the State of Illinois possesses within its boundaries the terminal points of mqre miles of those arterial lines than any other State of the Union. Taking the city ot Chicago as the grand j^en^er, these faculties gr^ually diininish at nearly équal dvstdnces north, south, east, and west. On the north the terminal point is the metropolis of Minnesota, the thriving city of St. Paul, while upon the south Golumbusj; Ky., may b« called th^ limit, there being a gap m the roHtw between that city and Jack son, Tenm, from which a line is run to New Orleans. On the west there is but one line, beyond OmUia to the Pacific, while easterly one line beyond Cleveland, Ohio,, connects us with the New England and Middle States. The converging of these lines at Chicago is more suggestive of the arterial system of the human body than any diagramn ot intended to illustrate that phenomenon could be. There were in the United States, according to the last report of tlie Postmaster General, on the 30th day of June, 1873, fifty-seven lines of railway postal car service, embracing an aggregate of 14,117 miles. The following table^ show.«; thf termmal point in the States mention-and the aggregate number of miles of such routé: No of State. -route, miles. Illinois.............. 17 3,432 New York........... 9 2,^37 Iowa............... S 1,814 Missouri............ 7 1,852 Massachusetts........ 7 1,109 Ohio................ 5 1,293 Indiana............. a 1,151 More routes have both their terminal points in Illinois than any other State in the Union, while it is also crossed by eleven routes, more than any other three States possess. The same rule that is applicable to States holds good in regard to cities, as will be seen from the following table showing the number of routes terminating in the cities named, with the length of such routes: No. of City. routes. Miles. Chicago............. fl 2,214 St. Louis............ 5 1,391 Bootorv.............. r 1,219 New York........... 4 1,032 •ver so casual a survej^ of t his map. Whatever may be the course of empire it is certain that the business energy of the country—tie business that labors and work s rather than loans inherited wet.lth—has already found its home in the heart of the continent and is developing its resources and increasing its wealth and power. Its needs are so imperative as to gain rec:ognition from the General Government, to the strength of which it so vastlv contributes. That the great West beyond us shall be so rapidly developed as has been our own growth is entirely probable; but ihe geographical centre of the country, keep pace with the national advancement. Ph ladelphia is the terminus of the Pittsburg and Philadelphia route, and is on the line of the route from New York to Washington. Indianapolis is the terminal point of two routes—one from Cleveland to that city and the other to St. Louis. Cincinnati has one line only—that to St. Louis. Columbus, the capital of Ohio, has one, as has also Pittsburg, Pa.; Louisville, Ky.; Nashville, Tenn.; Memphis, Tenn.; St. Albans, Vt.; Utica and Syracuse, N. Y.; and Detroit, Mich. The table indicates that there are four hubs to the national carriage, the two near ones, that are expected to carry the load and do the business being at the West, while the hght and fancy part of the business is transacted in front or at the East. The map shows another important feature in the business of the country. The only States having no railway postal car service are all Southern, and generally those that suffered most during the war—South Car-alina. North Carolina, (with the exception of fourteen miles), Florida, Arkansas, West Virginia, and Texas. The State of Kentucky has one Irne across the State, from Louisville to Nashville, Alabama has one line across the extreme northerly part of its territory, which is of no practical value to the State at large. Lousi-ana has but seventy-eight miles of route, Georgia one, and Tennessee three lines, neither <jf which penetrates far into the interior of the State. The fact that more of these routes are at the West than at the East is owing partly, no doubt, to the fact that railways arc more frequent here than there, because our country rendered the building of such roads easier than in the more rugged State of Pennsylvania and New England. But this does not account for th& wide discrepancy between the mileage in the two localities. As between citics at the West alone no such reasons could be urged to explain the difference between one line in Cincinnati and five at St. Louis, or nine in Chicago and one in Milwaukee; and it is probably that the amount of business done in each of these cities would be found to vary in-just about the proportion to the railway service routes that exist between them. The position of Iowa and itS; relative importance in the system, being third in its number of routes, is in a great measure o:wing to the fact that thriee grand trunk: lines of railway pass through,? the State its entire length from east to west, while another reaches from ¡Dubuque to the western quarter of the • State. The volume of the postal business of the State no doubt requires these facilities, which are furnished because the means for supplying the demand are ,at. hand. There are some of these routes upon .which postal car service is performed twice daily. These are as follows: Between Albany and BufFalp, N.Y.; Bangor, Me., and Boston, Mass. ; Albany, .N. Y. and Boston, Mas84; ChicagOi lU. and Toledo, O.j New York City and Washington, D». C.; New York City^and Buffalo, N-'t-i New York City and Albany, IST. Y. Toledo, O. and Buffalo, N. Y.; Toledo, O. and Elkhart, Itìd.; and Washington, D. C. and Weldon, N C. Chicogo is, therefore, the only city west of Toledo having double service upon any of its routed, the route from Toledo to Elkhart over the Michigan Southern being to take a part of thè Western busi ness over that road. There can .be but one A Godless Discourse. The most extraordinary discourse ever heard in LaPorte, was delivered in Huntsman Hall, last Sunday forenoon, by Mr. W. F. Jainie-son, the gentleman who, iri November, 1870, debated with Mr. Burgess, in this city. Mr. Jainieson in his address, proclaimed himself an out-and-out Atheist. He repudiates distinctly and positively the idea of a first cause, creator or governor. In his view matter is eternal, and the universe does not owe its existence to any supreme or ligher power. God is a myth, and every form of religion is a superstition. He declares thfit tho impersonal Deity believed in by so many Spiritualists is a more contemptible "myth" than the orthodox God, being confessedly a Deity -rritljuut. jntclligtjuue vji bi-ains. He was more severe on the Pantheism of his brethren than on the Theism of the Christians. We never listened to so radical and pronounced an iconoclast. His Atheism is perfectly rank, bald anl absolute without any condition or qualification, whatever. But he is not a • l^laterialist. He believt.'s in the immortality of the soul and a future state — being taught these great truths (he says) by Spiritualism. He ktioics there is a hereafter, because ke has communiijated with the spirits of the other world. He las reasoned himself into his present extreme notions witl.in the last year and a half. He admits that he is in advance of his brethren. His audience consisted of about fiftj^ men, women and children.—JOa-Porte Herald. A Moravian Cenieircry. A letter from Salem, N. C-, to the Richmond Enquirer gives the fol-owing, "In the Moravian Cemetery, in Salem, they separate and classify their dead—male infant from female; the old from the young; the married from the unmarried. They won't bury the husband by hisi wife. The dead are all placed on an equality. The tombstones are all alike, being small blocks of marble £!, foot square, that they place at the head of the grave. No different tombstone is allowed. Neither can you find a single epitaph. Some of the graves are over one hundred ye ars old. One, a negro's, reads: "Abraham Niger, Guinea, died April 12, 1770." On Easter mornings, sooq after midnight, the Moravians get up and march to this cemetery with a band of music in front, and t;h6 procession tapered off from the youngest to the oldest person, who brings up the rear. They remai n in the cemetery playing music and conducting services until morning. It is said they go to see the dead rise. When a Moravian dies in Sialem, instead of tolling the bells, they announce the death with a band of music in the church belfry. They have three different tunes—one i or the old, one for the young and one for the married. An old inhabitant's death is blown out soft and. solemn with lengthened notes. uays sight The War Department promulgates, in general orders, the findings and sentence in the case of the Modoc captives. Captain Jack, Schon-chin. Black Jim, Boston Charlie, Barncho, alias One-Eyed Jim, and Sloluck, alias Cox, vcho were tried by a military commission for the murder of General Canby and Commissioner Thomas, and for assault with intent to kill the other Peace Commissioners. They are found guilty of the specifications and charges, and sentenced to be hanged. The proceedings have been approved by the President and Secretary of War. The Secretary of War' has ordered that the sentences be duly executed under the direction of the GeiieM commanding the Department of the Columbi a at Fort Ka-math, Oregon, ¿n Friday, OctV 3', 1873. CORRESPONDENCE. CuicopEE Falls, Mass., Aug. 22. EdiTOKS OliSERVEIt: 1 have been silent for a few because I have been too busy seeing to find time to write, and even now I must be short as the prcacliers say. This place is near Springfield and is a manufacturing town; there aro a large number of cotton mills in the place, and some of the best goods in the world are made here. There is " race work " at Hamden park near Springfielf"",and, strange to say, nearly all the talk in this old puritan town is about tbo races; they are t;y nearly \vi]o aro not out of town are on hand; good deacons find some excuse for going; common sinners find it every way pleasant to follow iu this pious e.xample. The " race" is now as popular as the pic nic, and more largely attended. Some of the best horses in the world are now in tho Park stables. Among the noted horses may be mentioned "Henry," "Goldsmith Maid," "ximerican Girl," " Lucy," " Lulu," and " Judge Full-erton." These all have a record of 2.21. They are said to be horses oí great endurance, and upon which fabulous prices are placed. Some of them are held as high as §40,000, and a few of them have been sold for nearly that sum. The 2.24 and the 2.27 horses have ceased to ex-site wonder or remark. 1 have it from one who has been on the ground¡that there is a strange mixture of good and evil to be seen. There aré multitudes who attend because thoy nflmire fliiu horses and wish to see them "go," they scorn meanness, and would not hold a "bet" for their right hand. There are others who, like buzzards, go where the carcass is—they hang around the " fools" as the big birds hang around rotten moat. It is safe to say that from fifty thousand dollars to one hundred thousand go upon the boards of the pool men every day. There is no longer any secret betting. The pool crier's voice is heard all the [day long; the simple heed it, and yield their money until they are as bare as picked geese. To the many tho Park is but a gambling hell and they come out terribly scorchcd. I conclude from what I hear that the average gentleman may go to the race and keep himself pure, but the majority come away -with taints on their garments. If what I see and hear in this place and vicinity is illustrative of Ne'^v England life, I do not know that it has very much to boast over the "Interior." I doubt if humanity is very different here from there. The average yankee is about the same with the average hoosier—neither is totally depraved—both have tasted of the apple, and if you watch you will see signs of perverted taste with both. I find much in New England society to admire; the habits of industry and economy which I observe here are worthy of all praise; the soil also produces the genuine wit; the kings of wit have many of their thrones on these rocks. There is by my side now a man of 53 years, whose weight is 252 lbs. He first saw the light in Vt., he was cradled in Canada, but fled from the Queen when he was 21. His home is now Chicopee. By instinct and practice he is an inventor. He numbers among his novelties one of the most popular hay cutters now in use. His "pet" inventions are all about him. It is said he makes money; it is not known that he is rich; not professedly a saint; ho has many saintly ways. A cripple himself, he takes special delight in repairing the crippled fortunes of others; without a wife he is care ful to hunt out the wives of his "Kitt " who may need a new bonnet and provide them with one. His benefactions gladden many a home, and bring shoes to many a bare foot. I intended to speak of the -Wit of this Vermont Canuck and Massachusetts yankee but my pen hafe run in another way. I will now only mention his nam^ I refer to Warren Gale, the inventor of "Gale's copper strip feed cutter," manufactured by Belcher & Taylor, of this place. I hope all is " well at home, that the St. Jo. still flows, that the Deacon of the post office and the Bishop of the Union, are still as faithful to each other as Daymen and Pythias, love which runs so deep should nev-^ go dry." Till my shadow darkens your " den," good bye. Joiix. Sam. Hartman ■was the recipient of a handsome gift on Monday from John; Klingel. It was a pipe bought ■for him at the World's Exposition at Vienna. The bowl is of a unique pattern, and is composed of the finest quality of Turkish clay, an article which, for the purpose, is esteem ed by many superior to meerschaum. The stem is gptten up elaborately, and lias a fine amber mouthpiece. It if' a present which may- well make a umoker exceeding conclusion arrived at by }glad.—/SowiA j&enci iJeflrisier. Another Steamboat Disaster. Advices by telegraph from Memphis convey the intelligence that the steamer George C. Wolf was blown up at St. Francis Island, in the Mississippi River, Aug 33. The death roll numbers fourteen, with a long list of wounded, among them several, who will probably die. The spot where the disaster occurred is known as the "Grave yard" among steamboat men, for near there two other steamers have bee.n blown up and one burned. The wounded are at Helena, Ark. Among the killed were seven colored roustabouts. Of the officers of the boat none were killed except the second engineer. ^ . tf ' Î »f ' ' • • - -
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