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Elkhart Democrat Union (Newspaper) - April 6, 1877, Elkhart, Indiana PXnSLISHED EVEKY TBIBAT. Terms, fYear in Adva'nòé.'^ Editor and Proprietor. paid KV~Ko paper discôntoned nntu i ttU^meais are ild, onlesB at the óó^tí^^'ibs proprietor. omco—First Floor, Kahler*s Block. MQliJEVmSS MA2f. UTC HENUr STAKTON. Is Ulero no placo on tho face of the earth ■\Vherc chirity dwcllcth, where virtue hath birth? AVhcre bosoms iu incrcy and kindness will heave,. And the poor and the wretched shall ask and receive? Is there no place on earth whore a toaodc from the , poor Will bring a kind angel to open the door? All! ficarch the iWde world wherever you can. There is no open door for the moneyless man! Go look in your hall, where the chandelier's light Drives off with its splendor the darkness of night. Where the bright hanging velvet, in shadowy fold. Sweeps gracefully down with its trimming of gold. And the niirrora of silver'take up and renew In long-lighted viatas the wUderini view; Go there in your patches and find. If you can, A welcoming smile for tlie moneyless man Í Go look in yon church of the cloud-reaching spire, ■Which gives back to the sun his look of red lire; Where tho arches and columns arc gorgeous ivithin. And the walls see^ as ptiro as a soul without sin; Go down tlie long aisle—sec the rich and tho groat, In tlio pouip and the pride of their worldly estate; Walk down in your patchcs and llnd, if you can. Who opens a ijow for a raoneyloss man. Go look to yon Judge, in dark flowing gown, AVith tlic scalo« wherein law wcighoth quietly down; Where ho frowns ou tho weak and smiles on the etrong, And puiii«heH right while ho justiflos WTong; Where jurorn their lips on the Bible have laid. To render a verdict they've already made; Go there in the court rwm and find, if you can. Any law for the cause of a moneyless man. Go look in tiro banks whore Mamiuon has told His hUTidrortH and thousands of silver and gold ; Where, safe from the hands of tl.j stjirving and Jjies pile upon pile of tho glittering ore; AValk up to the counter—ah, there you may stay Till your liinos grow old and your hairs turn gray— And you'll fiiid, at the bank, not one of tlie clan With nioiipy to lend to a moneyless man. Then go to your hovel—no raven has fed Tlie wife who has suffered so long for her bread— Kneel down by tho pallet and kiss the death-frost I'rom tho lips of the angels your poverty lost— Tiien turn in your agony upivard to God Aud blesR while it smites you tho chastening rod, And you'il tUid at the end of your life's little span Tl^crc's a mlriniic nbnve for the jnoneyless man. A SLIGHT imriio vbmbnt, Mr. George Simi>Ieson, junior, might wc-U iiriTO b<?cu described as a favore<I Süll of fortuno. The ouly sou of a ricli mcrcliant, ho liad been educated at Harrow and Oxford. SliorMy after leaving college, he had fallen in love with a beautiful girl, the daughter of a business acquaintance of Mr. Simpson, senior. So that the two fathers had jjut their heads, or rattier their piu-ses together, and had started the young coupie in life. Wii<-h .same start took the sha2:>e of a Lanusomcly furnished villa at Putney, and a liberal iujcoimt at the banker's. Aud yet Mr. George Simpleson was not contented. In the midst of aU his comfort, with a lovely and accomplished wife, this Sybarite was not without the crumjiled rose-leaf to disturb his rest. And what do you think, reader, was the thorn iu the side that made Mr. Simplo-son imagine he was a miserable man ? Nothing more or less than his hand-UTiting. At Harrow he had been taught Latin aud Greek, but writing was not deemed !i necessary accomplishment for a geu-tleman ; or perhaps tliey considered tliat it ought to come intuitively. At all events, ho had not been taught the mysteries of tho thin up stroke and the thick down ; the gracefid curve aud the various other miimtii» of the art of Cidigraphy. At Oxford he had not foimd it neees-saiy to ijsrfecfc himself in penmanship, ctJiisequontly ho still retained a i^eculiar collection of stituigely formed liiero-glyphics which he honored by terming his " wi'itiug." Sir. George Simplesou, senior, was continually eomijlainiug about his son's '' wret^;liod scrawl." His lather-in-law, Mr. Manvers, never let pass an oijportunity of esijatiatiug upon the Ijcneiits of a jjlain, ccmnicrcial hand. It was in vain George tried to iDersuade tJieni thiit bad handwriting formed one of the outward and Adsible signs 0I' a gentleman. Even his wife added her mite to his luiserj-. She Avroto a beautiful hnud, and, perhiqJB in hopes of achie^'ing a reformation, uhc often compared the two together. • ■ ' ■ At length, tJiese constant comparisons made George sor intensely wretched that he hated the sight of jjcn and ink smd ¡la^íer, and one evening after a i^articn-larly vexatious lecture from Mr. Manvers ou the wickedness of wasting a business mans time (wliich was his money) by writing what nobody could road, he went ty bod fully determined to do something. O" the morning after aiTiving at this detenaination, and while he was atill warm on the subject, he happened t« be reading the paper at breakfast, when Iiis eye fell- on the following advertise-meut: llANj)wniTiN-o.—Geutlomcn of any age taught a flowing and graceful handwriting'in a-few e.asy losKfms. '-liookkceping by 'donble aud single eiiiry. , Then followed; the name and address of the tca<jher. George could scai-cely refrain from giving vtmt to an eycLuna-• tion of joy. He took down the; adclressj determined to have a dpzen JcróonB at 'once. Ho woiild not tell his wife, though. Ho would wait until lie had acquiriMil a " flowing and graceful handwriting,^ as per a.Tvvrtlsí-ment, and then lie , would am-priso her, and enjc^ Iter tönäzenient. Ac.-ordingly, after breakfast he dressed himsc-lf and proceeded to town. At length^. líe./«¿'mplct<ál tíie pie-ecribod course, and the tiriumphant , professor, maSing him sign his namo on a scrap of paper, compared it with a signature he had written before commencing Ills lessons. - And-certninly the difference was won- .5 volume: X. EffiHART, ELEHART COUNTY, INDIANA, FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1877. NUMBER 15. . George hastened honxe full of aecom-plishmerit, and found that his wife had gone out shopping. So, writing her a short note, he left it on the side table, and then withc^ew to his smoking-room. In about an hour's time Mrs. Simple-son came sailing into the room, swelling with indignation, aiid ^th her hus-banil's note in her hand, " Grcorge dear," said she, " some im-j)udent fellow has dared to write to me and invite me to dine with him this evening!" "Well, my love," replied George, " and shall you accept it ?" "I am sruiirised at you, George ! Of course not. Tou,ought to find out the-writer and—and—and thrash him." At tlie idea of having to thrash himself, George could retain his gravity no longer, -but burst out into a hearty laugh. Ajidtlien, in reply to IVIrs. Simpleson's look of wonder, he-explained the appa-i-ent mystery, and, to i^rove his words, wrote another note to the same pui^ort in her i)resence. The next morning, at breakfast, his wife said, " By-the-by, George, I want a little money to settle the accotmts. Can you let me havo any ?" "Very sorry, my dear," he said, gravely, "but I've hardly any change left; but I'm going into town this morning, and rU bring some back with me." Accordingly, when bretdifast was over, he walked down to tho station, and, fcdcing the train, soon arrived in town. After making one or two calls, and transacting some business, he proceeded to the bank to draw some money. Upon entering he made his way to the desk usually occuincd ]>y a clerk with whom he was on speaking terms. But the desk Avas vacant. So, iirosnm-ing he was at ilinner, he moved down to the next, which was occupied by the newly promoted cashier. Taking out his clieck-book, George drew a diBck for §125, and handed it in. After he had returned his check-book to his pocket, he noticed that tlie cashier seemed, to be comparing it with some other papers on his desk, and then he thought he stared at him rather radcly. So, to hasten matters a little, he cjilled out, "I'll tiike it all in gold, please." " One moment, sir," replietl the cashier, who then bcckoned tlie bank messenger over to him, and, giving him an order in a wlusi»ex-, tm-ned again toward George. " I'm really very sorry to be obliged to keei) you waiting," said he, "but there is something not qiute right, trnd I have had toi send for somebody to rectify it. All, here he is ! Constable, I give that man into your charge for forgery." Anl the next moment George was^in the rough grtisp of a policeman, brought in by the messenger. Oh, how he cursed the man that first invented wi'ib'ng! Then, in a voice that trembled in spite of his linowledge that he was innocent, he said, " Oh, nonsense! This is absurd ! I am Mr. Simpleson. Let me see Mr. Chancc, the manager; he will recognize me." " Mr. Chance is away for his holidays," replied the clerk; "and, as for tlie absurdity of the matter, here is a check signed by Mr. Simpleson, aud hero is the one you drew just now. "Why anyone can SCO it's a forgei-y; it's as difTorent as chalk from cheese." "Now, young man," interrupted the constable, as George was again aboxit to attempt an explanation; if you takes my advice, you'll comc along quietly, and keep what you've got to say till you're before tlie magistrate; and remember whatever you say now will be brought up against yer." Oh, shades of Cadmus! And this was tlie effect of learning to Avrite ! "But must I go tlu-ough the sti-eots like this?" appealed George, iu hcart-remluig tones. " Oh, you can have a cab," replied the guardian of tho peace, "if you like to pay for it." Accordingly, in a few minutes George, with his coat-sleeve in the; grasp of the policeman, accomiianicd by tho cashier who preferred tha cliargo, entered a cab, and drove off to the police station. Upon their arrival, .George was led before the ius23ector on duty. The cashier stated his case, whidi was entered upon the charge-sheet. As soon as the clerk had iinished talking, poor George again commeuccd liis explanations, asserting that he was Mr. Simpleson, and, therefore, eoiild not forge his own name. • '^ Ah ! very fine," said the insijector. "Of course, if you arc Mr. Simpleson, you can produce witnesses to prove your identity." " If you will let me liave writing materials," answered George, eagerly,." I wUl have my fatlier here in an hour." Ho was accordingly supplied "with pen, ink and paper, aud in a few mimitcs he had written a note and ;forwarded it to his father's office. ,. , -•. fortunately, -Mr.'.- Siinplcson was in when the messenger arrived, and, though considerably siiiprised at the tenor of the note and tlio swiitingj still hemade up liisimind to go.!|» 6iii|sonrB assistance. Jhise'-Rs^-iie was^-^leaving^the office lio met Sir. Manvers-r-George's father-in-law^^who a^eed to M - - jiimpiugiririfo a?cab,*tl»iey ¿pJedil;^'arrived at 4Vino street; and, while; the inspector was pxj)laining the matter to Mr. Simpleson, air. Manvers was shown into tlie coll where "George was -inoiir-cerat«d. ■ ' . "Ah,,George, my boy,said lie, -^/didn't I dw;ays tell you you'd conjs to a b^ end if you did not learn to write a ietter'ijTOd? ' Ti^ti^cpuidyou expect?'' This was ^ bad after suffering as he had, all ^ough having improved his handwriting, to be bullied iii that manner, Por a minute the prisoiier did not know whether to laugh or cry. While Mr. Manvers was still holding forth, Mr. Simpleson entoed the cell, and his son expLiined how he had taken lessons, and what occurred at the bank. After a hearty laugh, they all went before the sitting magistrate, and, as Mr. Manvers happened to be acquainted with him, in a few minutes George was at lib-erlgr to return to his wife. The cashier, of course, made a handsome apology, and George hoped the matter was ended; but, somehow or other, tho affmr became known to his friends and acquaintances, and it was many a long day before he heard the last of tlie consequences of his slight improvement. Sl'JtZIfO STYT^JES. Fresh imjiortations of spring dresses arrive each week at this season of the year, conflnning anew some of the designs already rcceived, and adding more varied novelties. Thus far tho polonaise is the over-dress most often seen on both rich and simiilo costumes. While a dissertation might be written on üie various shapes of this garment, its distinctive features remain the same. Black silk jjolonaises are made with flat pleatings from the neck doAvn the middle of the back to match tlie fan trains with which they are worn. Black grenadine polo-uiuse have largo damask figures, are draped differently on each side, and are caught up by long-looped bows of black satin rilibon ; the trimming is ruches of French lace, and jabots of lace with ends of satin ribbon hanging in the shells. The new navy I>luo gazeHne barege (or lama wool) is made up with rich gi'os gi'ain of the same shade, and trimmed with a transijarent galloon, and rich fringe in which threads of mandarin yellow and the new Vesuve red are introduced. Light-tinted smoked-pearl buttons are used on both dark and light cloths. Cloth dresses of light quality are made up witii postilion basques and long over-skirts Avith square sides and flatly pleated backs. These dresses are meant to be very useful and simple, hence rich fringes are not used, but the over-skirt has a deep hem or silk facing (from t^vo to throe inches wide), above which is a single row of very wide galloon. Still otiiers have .five or six parallel rows of sewing-machine stitching in place of tlie galloon, and in some insfamces this stitching is of contrasting color ; for instance, Pingat puts pale blue stit-ching on brown cloth, mandarin on olive, etc. Among other simple and stylish drosses :u-o those of fine delaine in the smallest pin-head checks of color on white. These have a sUk skirt with a polonaise and sleeveless jacket. A model that wiU servo for description is of brown and vihite check on a seal-brown silk skirt, trimmed with knife-ploatings of the silk, and galloon brocaded in Indian colors and design. The silk skirt has a flounce of the wool from the" knee down, made straight, and edged on tlie bottom with rose-leaf pleating of bro^v-n sUlc. To kceii the frout of tho dross flat, this deep floimce has no gathers in tlio front and side briiadths, but is quite full behind, where it forms a fan train. The newest iirincessc dresses for siiring are of light Algérienne or Knickerbocker woolens in dashes oí blue, green or brown on white, with silk of another color for sleeves and for flounces. Thus blue and white soft Algérienne wool princcsso dresses have side gores,. laiLfc-pleatings, pockets, collars and sash ends of ashes-of-roses gros grain. The di-apery is unequal, being massed in horizontíü pleats on one side, while the opposite gore is of plain silk, on which square bows of silk arc laid. The foot of the dress is cut out in squares, and silk knife-ijleatings border the skirt. Tho iuevitable pearl buttons ajjpear on all such di-esses. ^ For evening dresses the princesse style prevails, and for these gay dresses is laced in the back, has a square neck and a Medicis collar,, and a sep.Trate square train without a pai-ticle of diiipery and suggesting a regular com-t train. The richest drosses of this kind have some of the gores of light gros gi-coin and other gores of the new cLenillo gauze of gay colors.—JIarpei-'a -Basar. VOI^CÀJiOUS OF TllJS MOOm Tiie most prominent inst-mce of supposed lunar change on the surface of the mooniis that of tlie crater Linne. On the .northwest quadrant of tlie moon, near the center of a level tract about 430 miles in diameter, there is a bright crater called Bessel, nearly fo^teen iniles in diameter, with a circular wall rising 4,000 feet above the inteiior, and about 1,600 feet above the -eiuroimding plain. Scattered over this pLiin are a few small craters, some two and a half miles in diameter, wiüi walls about 300 feet high. Near its eastern center aneminent selen-ogmpliqr ; named; Lobjman placed a dis-; tinct, bright crAtor, about five miles in diametrr, which ho di^eribed as being, after Beescl, the mosf conspicuous object on this traét of-liyvfer-'groîmd. ' Ten years latar, our greatest selenographer. Baron von Madlfer,'confiimed>Lóhriíi3¿'8 observations, and made this - crater a WÜ0 was about tins -ûmë making limar observations of this-particular part of the moon,' Linne is shown as a .deep crat:r, correapon^g with tbedescrip-' tiòns of Lohrman' and' Madler.—uPiyju-lar ¿^bienccMontMi/.' , - , The söifc.TUsÜß of.-limfoldmg'cirons tents is faintly audible. ' ^ . JFAMM AND HOME. Farm JtaJiln^s. Soke Teats.—^Any dairyman troubled with cows having sore teats should; use plenty of linseed oil before ^d i^ter inilking. He will find little.iJE" any sores about his cows' teats if this. « Many cows that are kickers would de^ light to be miked if a little linseed oil were used on ^e teats. Shei.tebj'ok XooxG Fowm.—Shelter should be provided for growing chickens, both from the excessive heat of mid-day, and sudden or protracted storms ; yoll will be well repaid for the time and money spent. If you cannot do better, lean some poles against a fence and cover with straw or hay until yon can provide some permanent shelter. Cabe OF VEHioiiE^.—'^'lien,oiling an axletree the spindle should be wiped clean with a cloth wet with spirits of turpentine, and then apply a few drops of castor oil near tho shoulder and end. When greasing an axletree, just enough grease should be applied to give it a light coating; more does more harm than good, by working out and damaging the hub. PoSmON OF ADwEIiLEiG HoUSE.—A house should bo so placed that the direct rays of the sun shall have free admission into tho living ajiartments; becausc the sun's rays imjiart a healthy and invigorating quality to tho air, aud stimulate the ^'itality of human beings as they do those of plant«, and, without sunlight, human beings, as well as plants, would sicken, and die. The aspect, therefore, should be southeast.—Exchange. Planting Cobn in DriijLS.—The increase of crop in planting com in rovi^s instead of in squares is 25 per contttm. With the best farmers in the East this method is general. Our own fields, planted in this manner, have been freer from weeds than many of our neighbors', who planted in check rows. The rows are generally three feet apart, and the seed may be so dropped as to give one stalk every foot, or two stalks every eighteen inches in the row.—American 'Agriculturist. Hints on Bbeeding.—^For clean breeding, it is imderstood that a few hens only, say six to ten in number, should ordinarily be bred to one cock. Two males in the same run will do well enough for common piuposes, if a dozen to twenty hens are bred, for one of the cocks (tho strongest, oldest and spunkiest) wUl generally be master of the Walk. Two-year-old hens will give us the best eggs for hatehing, ou the average. Aud choicc birds may bo kept as breeders three or four yeai-s to advantage, if not previously forcedorover-fattened.—J'owiiiv/ World. An Idea in Eegaed to Buttek Making.—do not believe that sweet butter can be made from nnlk taken from cows in the stables. There is no liquid with which I am acquainted that will absorb smells and taints equal to millc; and where the cows are milked in tho stables any one who has tho faculty of taste or smell will detect a disagreeable smell of tho stable in the milk even if it is a day old. Of course the butter is flavored with it. I clean my cows in the stable, and then take them to a milking-room adjoining to milk. Here I can feed each cow as may be necessary, aud there is nothing to disturb her or take her attention. —Detroit Tribune. To jMex CoiiOKs.—The following recipes will enable tho amateur painter to mix many shades of color that he may require : Cream color—This is a mixture of chrome yellow, the best Venetian red smd white lead. Pearl gray—Wliite lead, -with equal iiarts of Prussian blue and lamp-black, Thtt blue m list be used very cautiously, as it is a powerful color. Fawn color—^Burut sienna, ground very fine, mixed with white lead. Buff— Tins is a niixtiu-e of iialo chrome yellow aud white lead, tinged witli a little Venetian red. Sti-aw—A. mixtiu-e of pale chrome yellow and wlnte lead. Drab— Raw or burnt umber and wliite lead, with a little Venetian red.—Exchange. liotncstic Ecoitonitf. Pancakes.—Take two teaspoonfuls of flour, aud pour over it just enough boiling water to scald it; mis with it a jDint of sweet milk, the yelks of two eggs, aud then beat in a pint of flour and the whites of the eggs.beaten to a stiff frotli; bake on a griddle as other pancakes. This same batter is good baked aswaiHes. Sausage Eolls.—In the evening make up about a quart of flour into a dough, exactly as you would for light rolls ; sst them in a warm place to insure them being light. In the momiug make them into rolls, putting in the middle of each one a piece of sausage meat, about the sizo of a black walnut ; bake as other rolls. Any otiier meat chopped may be used as a substitute for the sausage. Gband Bbeakfast IlASH:.-^Make pancake batter by the given recipe, and bake them as largo, as a . good-sized, din-ner-plata. As soon as you bake one, spread it oyer witli a layer of French hash, then "lay on the next, and contuiu,e piling them iiji, with layers of hash be-•tween eaoh,iTintil you ¡have a . stack five qi\sixinq!ies.^h;^6r'm^ tlien set it in your oven long enough to heat it well throiigh. , When you servo tins dishj cut it down through the whole pile. - This is! ajrflelightful brefdtfast, dish lor cold i;? - -■-CBEaoENT Iioi,^.i^Take "aboui^ two pounds of well-raised light bread dough. Rub fine on your pastry .board "a large teaspoonful of white sugar, and .a piece of soda about the size of a large pea, and some flour. Lay your dough on' this- ancl -stick on it a piece of butter aboufc'the size of an egg. Knead it very vreli find sst it to'rise again. V When well riscu, knead it again and roll out about an inch tliick; cut it out with a roimd biscuit cutter, spread a very little melted butter or lard over the surface, and then lap iSiem over, so that they form a lialf circle or crescent; let them rise a little while before baking. FbEnOH SASa.'-^After dinner, take what meat you have left and ent ail the flesh from the bones that you can; pour what gravy you may have over it and set it away. Break the bones and put them on tho fire to stew, with sufficient water to cover them, and a little onion; stew the6i ail the afternoon, then sti'ain off the liquor and poiir it over your moat-in" Hie morning put it on tlie fire in a clean saucepan, and let it stew a little; season it well with kitehon salt, and tliicken it slightly with a little flour. When you dish it up, put some slices of toasted bread in your dish, and pour it on hot. : Garnish, if you please, with parsley and hard-boiled eggs cut in half. To Stott a Leg of Veal oe a Plesht Piece of Beep.—Grate or break into cnmibs a pound loaf of light breatl; take a piece of butter the si^e of a black walnut ; two beaten eggs, and Work it up ■\ritli your bread crumbs; season witli kitehen salt, aud flavor slightly with nutmeg ; if it is rather stiff, add a little wine or French brandy to make it sufficiently soft; take a long knife and make an incision around the bone ; put your stuffing into it, and sew it up at the top to keep the stufliug in ; rub a little butter and kitchen salt over it, aud jmt it on to roast; as soon as any gravy is drawn, keej) basting it well; when nearly done, spreatl over it some butter, and sprinkle bread crumbs over it; put it on again, and roast until well done; garnish "With celeiy or parsley. .IKOrUHJl CO.LT.-OTT^ ,TOfI2<2fr. The McCarty farm at Limestone has a history. It consists of sixty acres. It was left by a provident old Irishman named McCai ty to his son Mike, two or three years ago. Mike was a switchman on the Erie railway at Salamanca. His princixial trait of character was getting drunk whenever he got his pay. It was with difliculty that he could pay tlie taxes on tlie farm. Two or three yeai-s ago he would have sold it for §1,500. They be-gim to strike oil aroimd it, and-three weeks ago he sold three acres for $3,000 cash. There are several wells on liis place, and he gets one-eighth royalty on ail they jiroduce. His income is now §500 a week. Mike sticks to his oily switchman's clothes, but he has purchased a gold-headed cane. He is throwing his money around loose among the boys. He is a second Johnny Steele on a small scalo. Mike lives in Sala-mnnca. His Avife built a house some years ago, and it was a long time before he could understand how she did it. At last she told him. Whenever he came home after a spree, she went through his clothes and took the money she could find. This was fimded and resulted in the house. Mike tells how he felt when he foimd it out: "Be dad! I——^Iwas vei-ymad. For, d'yo moind, wliin I'd foind no money in me pockcts, I fought I' spint it wid the b'ys, aud I'd go to wui'-r-k continted. But whin I found me mouey bein' wasted iu boards for a shanty, it was disap'inted I was, sure." The parties of whom the older McCarty bought the farm reserved the right to oil for ton years. The time expired the day Milce sold the three acres.-^Pori-land (l^a. ^Letter to New York &'im. Tjii'j ji'jsir coA'ajtJsss. The Forty-fifth Congress of the United States, which v/ill begin its first (extrii) session at Wasliington, on the 4th of Juno next, shows now .a list of 138 Republicans aud 153 Democrats—291 members in all—in the House. Two cases in Louisiana are doubtful, and will probably result iu tho seating of two Democrats. Tho following are the seats to be contested by members-elcct and their oi>ponents: Tho Fom-th Alabama District is contested by •Jcre H. Haralson (colored), Itepublican member of tho Forty-fourth Congress. Tlio Third Califoruia District is contested by Homanldo Piichcco, Bcpiiblican. Both Florida districts are contested by lie-piiblicanH: Piirman in tho First, and Bisbco in tlie Second. The Eighteenth Illinois District is contested by B. L. Wiloy, Bepublican. Two of the X/onisiana dish-icts are in dispute, there being certiticatfis signed by both NicboUs and Kellogg. Tlie Sixth Mississippi District is contested by John B. IjjTich, Bepnblican. The Tbh-d Missouri District is contested by llobert G. Frost, Democrat. liainey's seat iu the First South Carolina District ^Till bo contested by J. S. Eicbardson. Democrat. . Jorgenson's seat from the Fomlh Virginia District will bo contested by W, E. Hinton, Democrat. • A VFTFlIlAJf GOXJE. Oi Abner Huntley, of Cuba, Alleghany county, N.Y., who died recently at tlie age of 109 years, it is related thaf^he became of age just in time to vote fhr George Washington forPresi-dentyiatliisi first election; in 1788, ■ and has voted at; evéry.'.Preradential, election sinco. He retained his physical and menfeilifs^lKes in_ a remarkable. degree up to a te w yeara, ago. In 1872, having lien rejich'ed the age of 105 years, he traiued an unbroken colt to the -^ddlti and rode it at the hoaid of the fi Boys in Blue" during the campaign parades'. He leaves one son, aged 80 years, ' ; ,Thb Ptirisians are to have a system; of underground railways similar to that of London; ;The total length will be sixteen miles, and the cost 160,000,000 of francs, A doublejunnel," Ìiaed witK brick, will be: emplqyedi iand.the central stationiwill be twmty-one feet beneath tKe level of thè iPaJ^BEojral g^ieju , ', , ' JN FOREIGN LjLNDS. JluKsinn Ilatel Ciiatoni-s. At a Russian hotel you are obliged to stipulate for bed-linen, pUlowB, blankets and towels, or else you pay extra for them, as the landlord assumes that you carry these articles with you. This has been the custom of the country from time immemorial, and has produced among certain RussiauB a curious kind of fastidiousness. They strongly dislike using sheets, blankets and towels, which are in certain sense public property, just as we should object to putting on clothes which have already been worn by other people, Fdiiration iu JMloud. The population of Holland numbered upon the 1st of January last 3,809,327, of whom 1,884,417 are males, as against 3,579,529 in 1869, the increase, therefore, being 229,798 in the interval of seven years. In 1870 tho number of births was 136,124, rising gradually to 144,181 in 1870, while the number of deatlis declined from 114,234 in 1871 to 98,676 in 1874, but increased again to 104,479 in 1875, Simviltaneonsly with tliis fetum, the Duteh Minister of Public Instnictiou has published some educational sbitisiicii for 1875, front which it apjiears that there were 2,688 iiriinary schools, of which 489 are schools of a higher degree, being an increase of 22 over the preceding year. There are, in addition, 135 private schools in receipt of a subsidy, and 994 which do not receive any assistance from the state, 509 of which give education of a. higher degree. Altogether Holland has 3,817 sshools, or 33 more than in 187-1:, and of these 1,174 are schools of a higher degree. The staff of teachers consisted iu 1875 of 9,267 masters and 2,708 mistresses. ^<trrirr(/cji in Servitt. The fathers of two houses concerned moot and settle the matter together, exchanging presents which sometimes amount to a considerable value. Thus, by a sort of purchase, is as useful a member of a household as a grown-up maiden siuTeudered by one to anotlier. The brother of the bride delivers hor to the solemn procession, which comcs to conduct her to her new abode; and there she is received by the sostce, a sister-in-Jaw of the bridegroom. She di-esses a child, touches "^vitli a distaff the walls, which are so often to see her occupied ■«•itli this implement, and carries bread, wine and water up to the table, which it will become her daUy duty to prepare. With these symbolical "ceremonies she enters into the new community, Hor mouth is sealed by a iiieeo of sug;ir, to denote that she should utter litfle, aud only what is good. As yet she is only a stranger, and for a whole year she is termed the "betrothed," By an assiimii-tion of continued bashfulness, prescribed by custom, she keejis apart even from her husband. In the presence of otiiers she scarcely converses with liim, much less would a plajmiate phrase be iiermit-ted from her lips. It is only wheu yeai-s have jiassed, and she has become the mother of growu-up children, that she, in reality, finds herself ou ¡m equality with the other members of tho household, _ Jtejlcctlons in Jlvthleltcni. This is Bethlehem, "the fruitfiU," whose people had of yore their cornfields, vineyards, flocks and cheese of their o^vn making—Bethlehem, under whose wall Ruth lived and loved, and made a poem of herself ; the home .of David and Joab, and Asalicl and Abishai; .the town that was fortified by Rehoboam and restored by Justinian, and has again and again fought and bled iind died, as most of the towns on this side tho water have, and this it will probably continue to do so long as it is thought worth visiting by a fickle aud forgetful world. Down in that valley, where now tho shepherds pipe to their flocks, those other shepherds ilid the same sort of thing, in the seK-same costume, and listened to tlic chant of the jubUimt stars when the Blessed Babe lay iu tlio manger at the otiier end of the town. Every man sees a peculiai- beauty in tha women of Bethlehem—evei-y man save myself; but, barring üie bluer eyes and the paler sldn, I see no choico between women here and women all over Syria.. Of com-se your - carpenter is a specialty in Bethlehem; he knows it, and poses just the least little bit in the world'; not that he cares overmudi for St, Joseph, or tlie Blessed Virgin, or the Babe in the mnnger—ho has got used to the shrines and dismissed them from his mind long ago—but because we all look at him with such eyes, as we ride slowly through the nnkept streete on our way to the cradle in the rock, as much as to say, " Did he look like this when she sat at home in peace and waited the coming glory of her child?"—a W. Stoddard, in the San Francisco Chronielc. JCiisslnii, STcfcluiuts. The Russian merchant's lovo.of ostentation is of a peculiar i kind—something entirely different from English snpbbeiy and American shoddyism. He may delight in gaudy" reception-brooms,-magnificent dinii'ers, fast trotters, costly furs ; or he may display^his riches by princely donations to churches, monasteries," or Tie-, nevólent institutions : biifc in all this he néyfer, affects. to ; be other than ho really ia" He liabitniaUy^weaxs accostumò designates i plainly his social positaoui' makes no ¿attempt to adopt fine manners or elegànt.tastèa, and never seeks to g.niii admission to what is caEcd in Russia la soeiete. ■ Having no .desire to seem what he is not^ lie has a plain, unaffected manner, wd sometòmèB a certain, qmet dig-;nityji?whioh;contrast8 favorably; affe^d nióàne,y' of thpse^ nobles of the lower ranks who make pretensions to being highly educated, aud strive to adojit the outward forms of French culture. At his groat dinuei-s, it is true, the merchant likes to see among liis guests as many " Generals"—that is to say, official pex-sonages—aspossilile, and especially those who haiijien to have a grand cordon ; but he never dreams of thereby establishing jui intimacy with these personages, or of being invited by them in re-tuni. It is iierfectly underatood by both liartios that nothing of the kind is meant. The invitation is given and accepted from quite different motives. The merchant has the satisfaction of seeing at his table men of high official rank, and feels that the consideration wliich he enjoys among people of his own class is hereby augmented, If he succeedfi in .obtaining the presence of three Generals, he obtains a victory over a rival who cannot obtain more than two. The General, on his side, gets a first-rate dinner, andacquires, in retnru for tlie honor he has conferred, a certain undefined right to request sub-scriiitions foriinblic objects or benevolent institutions.—From Bussia, by D. Mackenzie Wallace, M. A. GKX. ajiA:yT SVEJ>. Suit has been entered in the Circuit Com-t of this District by Thomas Biggins against ex-President Grant for $100,000 damages for fidse imprisonment, The iilaiutiff charges that the defendant on the 23d of Mardi, 1874, had him arrested in the city of Wasliington; had him imprisoned in the Government Hospital for the Insane for a period of eight months ; aud further, th.at the defendant, on tho 20th of November, 1874, compeUod the plaintiff to go under guard from the city of Washington on board a train of railroad cars to the city of New York, and then and tliere by force compelled liim to embark on board the steamer Italy, and sail from thence to Liverpool, England. The records of the detectives' office show that Thomas Biggins was arrested on charge of threats at 5 o'clock on tho eveniug of March 21, 1874, by the Metropolitan police detectives, and sent to the insane asylum. Ids unsoimduess of mind having been certified to by Drs. Johnson, Elliot, and G. S. Magruder. It is stated that the threats Avere against Gen. Grant, whom ho (Biggins) met as he was leaving the Wliite House groundB for a walk, and that Big-: gins, raising a stick, said : " If I cateh yon at my bedside again I'U Imock your head off." Gen. Grant replied : " WeU, wheu I do so, Icnoek it off." It -will be remembered that Biggius was before the committee oil tho admiuistration of tho affairs of the asylum as a wituess a year ago, wheu ho testitied about the spirit of Gen. Grant being at his bedside, ete,— Washington Cor. Neiu lork Tribune. rjSJiTTY J-OTj. One cau not but have considerable respect for the intelligence and discernment of animals when reading such incidents as are related by Sir, Bayard Taylor in a recent number of the Atlantic. For instance, the following: When the great fii-e was raging iu Chicago, a lady perceived she could save nothing but what she instantly took in her hands. There were two objects equally dear, the parrot and the old family Bible. After a moment of hesitation, she seized the Bible, and was hastening away, when the parrot cried out iu a loud and solemn voice, " Good Lord deliver us!" No human being could have been deaf to such an ajjpeal; the precious Bible was sacrificed and the bird saved. In the homo to which he was taken there was, among other visitors, a gentleman rather noted for volubility. When the parrot first heard him it listened in silence for some time, then, to the amazement of all present, it said, vciy emphatically, "You talk too much." The gentleman, at first embarrassed, presently resumed his interrupted discom-se. Thereupon the paiTot laid his head on one side, gave an indescribably comical and contemptuous "H'm-m!" aud added, "There he goes again!"___ .-1 nmv SLIGHT. A new light that promises iu a large measure to supersede gas in the streets has of late been successfully applied in several places in Germany and France. Sticks of charcoal surmounted by sm isolating matter, which slowly melts away, are consumed by electricity. With two of these electric candles, it is claimed, a light equal to that of 100 gas jets may bo thrown on a street. The cost is about half that of gas, and the light is of the best quality. It also has the recommendation that there is no danger whatever of fire from the electric candles. The new light has been introduced into forty large esfcxblishments in France, and is destined, manybelieve, to be soon the only light that "ndU be vised in large rooms, public places, and manufactories. Out-door work can be carried on by night as well as by day by means of the now light, since it has almost a sunlight clearness and intensity, A German paper, speaking of the invention, says: " We are evidently on the eve of as great a revolution in lighting as when gas superseded oil lamps and tallow candles,"' > ' J^XTTJIIIJI'S JtlShJE. ■■' A BaseLcdition of tho Bible of 1540^ in' good- condition, and which belonged to ,Maa;tm iLuÜi^^^. i'^^ft®» -; recently bought a£ a sale of ^ the.effects of Di'- Lutze, in Kothen, -ft famous' book collector. On •itho ..title page, in Luther's own hand-^ •iwiifciug, is tho following.:" " Maitiii Luther, D., 1542." Tho Old Testament, in many places; and the New Testament, in several hundred^: are interlined and foot-noted, with observations by the great reformer. This precious edition of the Bible was purchasedjby the Markisch Museum, of Berlin, for 9,000 ifiaffep, —FhiktAolpMa ffcM. > . - One colnm'n one year,. .............."..,.".... $80,00 Occ-luU column one yftar....................*5,00 Onr-qnarter colnnm one year......,,.,......30.00 Local notices, 10 canls ».line for first inseiUon, tnd 5 ci^nts for each snbaeqaont Insertion.. BosiEoss carda, not to exceed ten lines, thU Bised type, $5.00 per year. Ton line» of this type constitute » gqnare, and regalar business carda allowed that mnch Bpaco, 3/rji citxr.r}'s WISK AT i^Fa-Jsiy. BY OIIEBRT BtOSSOM, I want to be an agent. And with the »genta stand, With sweat-beads ou my forehead, A Bhow-casc in my hand; And right before the ladies. So beauteous and so bright, in open up my samples, And praise 'em day and night, I never should be weary, Hor ever shed a tear. Nor ever know the sorrow, Of being in arrear; But nobby, nice and naughty, Fair ones I'd mash at sight, I'd rope 'em in by thousand.», And praise 'em day and night, I know I'm weak and sinful, But, daisies, they'd forgive; Uow many perking sgcnt« Boast of the »ai»c, yet live 7 How sweetly I couldlangnieU, And in my languish cry. While pUing up my shekels, Oh! how is tliat for high. Ton bet IU bo an agent, Jloid with tho agents Rtand, A beaver on roy forehead, A Hhow-case in my hand ; I'U ramble 'monget the Isdie«, So beauteous and so bripht. They'll tumble to niy nxii«c. And I'll canvass day and night. FLEASANTMIES. Hate is gi atitude for p.ist injuries. Dob.sn't a man contract a tlebt wl ion ho pays part of it? ' It is a sad moment for a bacuolur when he finds that his hair is so thin that ho is unable to hold a pen over Iiis ear. The time seems to be coming when wo wiU have to hire a few potatoes from tho grocery to ornament the table on company occasions. The urchin who sat down ou a heated stove-hearth and was branded with tlio words "Base Burner," has been provided with an Ulster, CoEAL will be as clieap as crockery-ware, The United States ship Gettysburg foimd a rock of it near Gibraltar, and left a buoy to watch it. Wives of railway conductors are not always successful -with tlieir childi-cu. They use the switch so ofti-n that the locomotive gets a little tender. Many a man makes a fool of himself by some early love affair, but no thoroughly good man is likely to siieak of it with contempt in after years. A iiADY, who was more favored by I'oi-t-imc than education, at a party she gave, desired her daughter to play " the iash-ionable new malady she got last week." Dootok—•' Only winged again ? You won't get much of a bagto-day, Charlie." Charlie (nettled)—" Impossible to kill every time. I don't load with prescriptions." ■"Did yon notice how splendidly I went through that last reel at tho ball last night, Tom?" "Yes, aud I also noticed that you kept it up all the way home." " I WISH you would pay a little attention to what I am saying, sir," roared a lawyer at an exasiierating witness. " I am paying as little as I can," was tlio calm reply. "Thought I'd leave my measure on your floor," said a man who fell down in a bar-room. "No necessity for that," said the bar-keeper. "Wo Imow exactly how much you hold." The following notice appeared on tho west end of a coimti-y meeting house : "Anybody sticking bills against this diiirch win be prosecuted according to law or any other nuisance." A BiiUBBERniG little fellow explained his tears to a companion : "Pa sent 'me after codfish for breakfast, an' I went fishiri' und was gope all day, and now wo have been havin' some bulldozin'." "A GiBii diedin Vermont the other day from poison in the stockings which she had been in the habit of wearing." This may serve as a lesson to girls not to iiidl tSieir stocldngs on with their teeth. Said a bright little daughter of throe summers: "Papa, what is a picnic?" Papa: "Apaxty in the woods, dear." Daughter : " But what do ihey pick ?" Papa : " My darling, thejpich nix:" "Itti-VE lived for twenty-two years, and in all that period nevaw experieneed such awful weathaw as this," was the.re-mark of a dandy as he was assisted to his feet from a fuU-lcngth position on a Philadelphia sidewalk. ' JOIVS'T TT.IXT I'ltAYlilt W.-ISTJ'^D. "There wass another stoiy," continued Peter, witli a twinkle in Ms eye, but the 'Same grambling tone iu Iiis voice, "ferry wicked; but many's tlie time I wiU hef a laiigli at that stoiy. That wass about two men in a boat, and the night it was so black that tlloy couldn't find their way into tlie harbor at aU, and the wind it was blowing ferry hard. And; the one saya to tlie other, 'Dimcan, you must gif a prayer now, or we will nefer get into the harbor at all,' And Dimcan says, 'I canna do it; you maim do it yoiu^elf, Donald.'; .^bid Donald he will say,: ' Tamiyou, Duncan, if you do not gif a prayerwe will bo trooned as sure as death, for i can see nothing but blackness,' And- so it was that DimcaiiiwUl stay in the stem of the boat, ancl he will kneel "döwn, and lie wiU say, ' O, Lord, it iss 'fifteen ycai's since I hei."lttBlied"you for anytiiiugs; but it will be' anothei:' fiftecii yeai-s before I 'wiU'ask -you 'for anything more, if you'wffl tek tho boat intoHhe'harbor,' ,'groat ing on tlie. boach, and Donald that was up at tho bow, he wUl cry ont-, ' Stop, Dimcan. do not pray any more ; do not bo 'beiiolden to ' anybody, bekasa tlio boat's ashore sixQaAj.'";—William Black's "Madcap Viol¿t:\- '-. A HAXIEB believes ia the old'proverb, f'ihai ^^^^ ^^ better thai one,"
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