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Elkhart Democrat Union Newspaper Archive: March 27, 1874 - Page 1

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   Elkhart Democrat Union (Newspaper) - March 27, 1874, Elkhart, Indiana                                 -Í-'. 'Í  tómocratic, Union,  SD' UVERT  lAY.  TEEMS ^-$2, a Year in Advance.  DAVln W. SWEBT, œWOB X»B WPBŒSÔ».  lílooti^ooloriiBloak, cornwoí Main and'7acksoD Stniet«.  E?* No pape^dUeontiqnad natii all aneaiagei are paid In fall,««apt at tli«;oj>tton of the Propri-  tor.  BATES or. ADVEBTI8IK0  One Column, One Year.........................$1(10.00  One Half Column, One Year,................ so.oo  One Quarter Column, One Year,............... 80.00'  Buiineu Cards qotorer 10 line« (thia type) One Year, VlTeJ(>o^8. r  boealtNoticM 10 Cents ft Ime lor first inser-lon an'aS cents eaeh Bobssauent insertion.  Business Cards. '  PostiOffice Kptlce  ^o nisQsinoelTed at this bffloe until further notice onBoireXTMOaitiSG. Mails wiU be sent, however a« usual on Sukdat ztekikgs to all points East, West and Sooth, closing at precisely 6 o'clock.  K. .K BKUSn, P. M.  - _ ^DEMOCRATIC UNION .  _ ItObIPRmTING BSTABLISHMBNT-Offlce, J»/ .-.Proctor's block, comer of Main and Jackeon Itreets, opposite CIlftonrHooEe, "Elkhart.' Ih'ery description of JOB WORK! neatly executed on ■hort notice, and at roasonahle rates.  FIRST NATlÖiÄL BANK,  Op Elkhart, corner of Main and Jackson StB., Clirton Boaso BtUldin?.  ( B. L. Davbnpoet Directora, ■< J. k. Beabdslbt. ( s. baijdwin. J Cashier. ' . " .  -TT-^  - > ■1 ^ - -  VOL. VÌI.  ECKHART, ELKHAET COTJNTY, INDIANA, TRIDAT, MARCH. 27, 1874.  19-  Jgatlroab SSnu ®Hrbg.  Lake Shore & Mich. Sou.  STÄjrOßEPH^VALLKY B ANK,  I K- SEAIIV.'STBEBT. Msi9t* < a 'general 3iiildng ; bnsinogs.  Dis-  litB Paper, recedes ¿Deposits: deals in iland'lîomeeticî" ...... ■  ri.?'Gá^ve«ment Bonds and.other Sl_________ _____  tioa j^Tefrto coUectiong.—Banking hoars from 8  ..... 5.15p.m.  ______ 6.30 a.m.  ....... 4.E0 "  ..... 6.00p,m.  Silrer, •Atten-  BD. lï KERSTBTTER, casnieb.  ELIAS MASQN.  MUiexsharg, lad.  " B. D. SHERWOOD,  Agent for the it. B. Express Co.i Great West ern Despatch, and Local Ticket Agent for the n. Y. & Erie Hallway, Atlantic & Great Western Eallread. Oïtiob—Near Joy's Uvery Stable, on Pieeon Street, Elkhart, Ind.  BLKHAET PAPER COMPANY,  MANUPACTDKERS of Printing and Wrapping Papers, Elkhart, Ind. OrdersaoUcited. J. E. Bbabdslet, Pres | John Cook, Treas. __B. L. DAVBUPOitr. Sec.'  ELKHART MARBLE WORKS,  Dm DOTY, Manufacturer and dealer in • Monnments, Tombstones and Baildlng : tone Second building West ofhc Postofflce, Elkhart.  ~ Eiil tlONLEY, • ' '  REAIi Estate and General . Land A'gant-hnsineee entrnsted to his' care w 111 receive, prompt attention. OrncB—Conley's Block, Elk hart,Indi8na. janl'eS  H. TRUBY,  DEALBB In Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, and News Agent, Bookselier.and Stationer, just West of the comer ofiMaln and Pigeon Streets, Elkhart, Indiana." ' >> *  a. Q. DE PUY,  JOSTICH of the Peace and Notary Pn blion Conveyancer, White Pigeon, Michigan, Offici—In Murray it Hotchin's Block, opposite he Postofflce. «^lilank Deeds, Mortgages, Con .raets. Leases &0.. always on hand. •  O. H. MAIN,  ATTOHNEY and Ooubselor at Law and Notary Public, Elkhart, Ind. Practices In all Courts of the State. OmcB—Ovor 90 Main street.  JOHN M. VANFLEET.  ATTORNEY AT LAW, comer of Main and Jackson Sts.. Elkhart, Ind. ' Q^Partlcnlar attention paid to collections, with moderate charge», and prompt, remlttanoes.: OmOB—On second floor, directly oppoiite the Clifton House, over Jtichle^'s hat store.  W. C. WILSON.  J. D. OSBORN.  WILSON & OSBORN,  A TTORNEYS at LAW. Gosheu Indiana, will practlcedn«!!: the courts. : r«havea complete Ï Stetof abstract of Title to air lands In Elkhart •coiinty—whleh gives me advantage in land suits and foreclosars, and collection of debts'. ^ 81  H. D.Wilson. O.T. Chamberlai.  WILSON & CflAMBERLAIN,  A ïTOKBYSlÎt LaV;andiIotarles Pnhlic, Office " • tx. No; 93 fMain street—over Vnnderlip's new . rick store—Elkhart, Ind., Wiil attend with promptness to any. business entroFted to their care. Special attention given to COLLECTIONS in Norihem Indiana-and Southern Michisan. Wills.'Deeds. Mortgages and matters of PRO BATE carefully prepared. janl6y  SWARTZ, M. D. ~  EHYSICIAN and SURGEON, offers his profes-/sionalietTices to the citfzenR Of Middlebury aid snnonnding conntry.aud will attend promptly all call, either by night or day. Speaks both German and English. _B2yl  - FISHER, M. D.,  HOMCEOPATHIST. OrmcE—corner Main and Pigeon streets. Over Gnipe's shoe store. Risidenob—On Pigeon St., two doors east of Baptist ohitroh,. Elkhart; Ind. 34—tf.  BURNSVifc'OASLOW,  P' RACTITIONKKS OF,. " MEDICINE AND SURGERY. • BBiSTOL,'IndIana. Saocessfnl. treatment gnaranted in all cases of disease, and the utmost skill displayed In surgical operations.  BS^Diseascs of the* Bye and Ear made a Specialty. 48tr.  DR. C. S. FRINK,  DPÎSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office and IT iRèsldence-rCorner of Second and Jaikeon  - Streets, opposite Elkhart Honse, Elkhart, Ind.  J. S, pODaE, M. D.,  TiHYSlCIAN Ind' SURGEON. OFFICE-1 Over HacSathorn's &Co., Bakery 96 Main St. Residence No. S High street, nearly opposite the Presbyterian 'Church.  . «air Uarèmitting attention given to the practice of Us orrfesslon in aU its details, day or night.  R,; J. HAGGERTY & SON,  HYSICI ANS AND SUKQEONS, Elkhart. In<l,  - JF may be consulted at their office, over Hill & Mil 1 jr'ii Drug Store. No. DO, Main Street, on Wednesdays and Saturdays from 8 to 11 o'clock A. M. and 2 to 5 o'elock P. M., and at all other hours when not pro-  residence, corner ot 3d and  "•■anklin Streets-  CLIFTON HOUSE, ^  a' CLARK. Proprietor, comer of Main nnd . Jackson et!eets. Elkhart,lud. Everyfhing . kept in order to make guests comfortftOle ^dat . cosu, and will be kept as . a iiiisT oiAtis Hotel, . with satisfactory and reasonable charges.  KLKHART' HOUSE," ~  ' WJ- F. WICKWIRB, Proprietor; comw ot . T V • Jaekeon and Sccond streets, near thp Post-office, Elkhart. Ind. Oar motto is to accommodate at reasonable rates.  T ^ CITY HOTEL """  AND„KESTAURANT. H. GAFNttY. Propti-•tor. Meals at all hours of tho day. Good Ueeommodatlons and perfect order tho implicit  - rnle of the house.-«Charges moderate.  - „;; . UiilON' HOUSE,  i .tUTiilXB PIGEON. jjnbhU'Bittiatod jniit North w of-the Passenger House. H. M. HOGOB, Piojftrietor.'' Day and 'Wooklv Boarders accommo-dated'OB the most liberal terms."  SWEliTj^5^0TE% ; : T  f lORNBE of Peari>«nd '(^nsli streets, Grand ' v;; Kapid8,:Mlch. T. H. Lotos, Jr., Proprietor. Formerly of the.BathboB Honee. _  6iERMANI^:BILLIARD HALL.  A. B. FABER^ Proprietor. 91 Main Street, iat.- Four flr^t class BiUlard Tables, pnre Wines , and^Lignors of all kinds. Gentlemanly. conAnct preserved. • ' , ,  , american housf.  T OOATBD up town, corner ot Chicago aad JLj Kalamazoo Street White Pigeon, Michigan,  - J. KAMB, Proprietor. •  The house is undergoing thorough repairs and MBOvation, and guests will find «verything in good order for their comfort with reasonable «harees.  BB^Frce omnibus -to and from all passenger -J trains. - _ .  h atch hoase,  rriHREB RIVERS, Michigan. F. W. Hatch, • JLf proprietor? Omnibus .to and ftom the Cars  ' PIGEON HOUSE,  OORMBRLY known as the Bating IIoUBe, C White Pigoon, Hich.. Ebeb Adaxs, Proprietor, Good Buard and well furnished Rooms for ~ the the comfort of Ladies and Gentlemen. . i gf^iCharges reasonable. _____  PASSENGER DINING HALL.  A" ND llailroad Hotel, at the Depot, Elkhart-- J. D. Tyleb, Proprietor. Travelers and so-• onraers accommodated In first-class style at rea-sonabi* rates.'. j  'tf« til day Agents wanted I AU  lU ^/«U elapses of working people, of either sex, yosng or old, mfke. mpre money at work for.us. tn their spare moments, or all the time,-thao at anything elss. Particulars, free. Ad-' dress U.STINSON & Co.. Portland. Maine  ,The GOIÌDEN EGG  s or agent«: -Large income guaranteed. Endosa .■i tamp-for circular. ' R. ALLISON, IIS Chambers n.,N. Y. ■  Summer arrangement—Trains leave Elkhart' as follows:  7 oomo EAST-MlCnlOAN DlVUtON.  No. S,fNight Express.........................S.25a. m..<  No. 72, Way Freight......................... 4.00 " ■  No. 2. Mall.......................................11.00 "  Train A. [to W. Pigeon]»......................5.15 "  Train C, [to W. Pigeon]....................... 3 45 p. m.  Aia LIItE DIVISION.  No. 6t. Way Freight........................ S "®»-,™-  No 12, Air Lino Accommodation......... B.OO  No' 4. Special New York Expres......13.80p. m.  Wabash Kxpress.............................MM "  No. 6, Atlantic Express................... 9 60 "  OOntSWEST.-No. 1, SpociaJ Chicago Express; No. 8, ToledoiBxpress.......".....  No. 5. p-vciflc Bxpre88....i..........  No. 7, Steamboat Express, .......i.  KALAMAZOO UIVISIOK. The Grand Rapids Express, 5.00 «.. m., and Accommodation: 4.10 p m., ran ^direct to Grand Rapids, arriving there at 11.00 a. m., and 9.00  ''■^"turning leave Grand RapHs 7.80 a. m , and 4.B0 p. m.. arriving at Elkhart 1 05 p m , and 9 45 p. m., making cliso connections with Air Line  trains. _  LA^>nlQ. »msioN. .  Connecting at Jonesville - for- Homer, Albion, Eaton.Rapids and Lansiijg. arriving at Lansing at 11.00 am: and B.40 p. mi returning leave Lans-iner at 7.80 a. m and 4.00 p. m. ^  Passengers going 'est of Ctkago who have throneh tickets by ^e L.S. & M. 3. B.JR.. are furnished transfer tickets In Omnibus wUhont  ®'p?96enBCM wishing berths in Sleeping Coaches can sccure them by personal application at Ticket  "'Aiftrnins are run by Cleveland time, which is SO mlnntes fnster than Chicago and 15 minutes  flower than Buffalo time ^ , , ,  No trams other than those herein given are fl-lowetl to carry passengers. Ticket« can be obtained for^ all prominent points from Boston to San Francisco. ^ ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^  B. E. Robisson, Ticket Agent. Elkhart, Jnne 2,1873.  INERÏ  —AND— JL  bolloni's  LocatcdatXo 30 Jackson St >  (nearly opposite tho Post-Office )  In complete order, and filled with a choice and select stock, consisting of First Class millinery, such as  FtWayneiMuncii&Ciiicinnali  BAiLBOAD TIME TABLE.  To take efiFeot Sunday, Jan. 4, "ISii, at 12 o'clock, noon.  GOING SOUTH ~  Stations.  Fort Wayne.................  Fergnnon's .................  Sheldon..........................  Ossla-n..........................  Bluffton..........................  Worthlngton Crossing.....  Keystone....-.................  Montpeller.....................  Hartford.........................  Royerton.....................  Muncle..........................  McCovan's....................  N. Castle June................  New Uastle....................  Cambridge City..............  Milton ...........................  Beeson's.........................  Conanrsville..................  Indianapolis................  Cincinnati...................-  c. A I m. a-i. hail. accm'h  1-2 00m -12 2Sp.m.  12 42 "  12 55 ••  1 80 ••  : EO •■  2 02 -•  •J 11 ••  2 85 ••  3 JS •• 3 30 ••  3 45 ••  4 15 ••  4 25 ••  5 02 •• B 07 •• 5 20 •• 5 85 •• 7 50 •• 9 00 ■■  2 20 p.m. 2 47 ••  8 no ••  8 10 •  8 40 ••  4 00 ••  4 11 ••  4 19 ■•  4 43 ••  5 93 ••  5 38 p.m.  7 50 p.m.  GOING NORTH Cincinnati................  Indianapolis.................  Conncrsville.................  Beeson's.......................  Cambridge City............  .Milton..........................  New Castle ..-...;....-......  N. Castle June. ............  MoCotvan's...................  MuncSe ........................  Royerton......................  Hartford.......................  Montpeller....................  Keystone.............  Worthlngton Crossing,  Bluffton...............'.......-  OiKSiaii.........................  rheldon......................  Ferguson's...................  •Fort Wayne................  7 1(1 a.m. 9 15 ~  10 20 ••  10 82 ••  10 44 ••  10 49  11 20 •• 11 80 ••  11 53 ••  12 15 p.m. 12 30 •■  1 05 ••  1 80 ••  1 88 ••  1 50 ••  2 13 ••  2 49 •■  8 00 ••  3 13 •• 3 40 ••  7 00 a.m.  7 IB ••  7 53 ••  8 20 •• 8 30 ••  8 42 ••  9 05 ••  9 40 -9 50 ••  10 05 •• 10 30 ••  W, W. WORTHINGTON,  Gen'l-Sup't.  Gmcinnati, Wabash AOT MICHIGAir  iEtO-AJD  TIME TABLE No. 9, Takos effect Monday, Feb, 2nd 1874. Going North. btatiokb. Going South.  No. t No. 3  10:55 a.m.' Dp. 10:30 " 7:00 pm 10:05 " "  No. 4 Dp.  9:45 9:10 9:05 ' 8:17 ' 7:50 ' 7:00 '  S5:5 B:30 " 5:40 " <:23 .1:15 " S:30 " 2:00 «  Elkhart. Goshen. 7:00 am New Paris. 7:20 " Milford. 7:50 " Leesburg. 8:20 " Warsaw. 9:05 " Silver Lake. 10:10 " Manchester, 10:40 " Wabash. 11:55 m  No -2 12:30 p. m  1:U5 ' 1:26 " 1.50 " 8:15 " 2:30 " 3:15 " 3:40 " 4:35 »  ^^ Close cunnccUons made at Goshen with the Lake Shore A Michigan Southern Railway for all pointa east or west,Bnd at Warcaw with the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayno A Chioogo R. K.  Briggs House,  Bandolph. St. and Fifth Ave., CHICAGO.  This weU-knovni Hotel, rebuilt npon the old site Jbaj bll the mctdem conveniences—Passenger EleviUor, Bath Room's, Hot and Cold Water in each Room, Elegantly Fumi&bed, and located in the business ccntre of the city;  w TERMS: $3.00 Per Day. RICKCORDS &. HUNTOON, v. Proprl.tor«.  0. A. MC'INTYRL  imlmi l^otaisie Physician  AND  WATERrDOCTOR.  After an absence of many years in other States, has now made a permanent location at White Pigeon, Mich., on Kalamazoo St. Ko char(;e for examination of Uiine, and cure made positive if attended to in time. Bring or scud a 2 oz. vial of urine, well corked, with the age of the patient.  A. McINTYRE, M. D.  Wliite Pigeon, July irth, 187 3.  ELKHART  B  OOKS. Music, Pamphlets. Blank Books, etc.. bound in good style at reasonable figures, old id; blank books of all kinds made to  Books rebonni . order at short notice, attended to.  Elkhart. Ind.  Orders by mail prompUy  J. P. FUNK & BRO.  I  FXTEIIMiiTORS  _ And Insect PoTVdcr  For Rats, Mice, Koaches, Akts, Bed-Bugs ■MOTH«. AC,  J. F. HENEY, CUBRAJi & CO., N. Y., Sole Agents.  BATOHELLER'S  Hkm i-OilN PLAl^lTEIl  The Best, Clicapcst, most Duralilo and Popular Planter made. Manuractnred under vnesnpervision of Inventor. 35,000 now In use. AQENXS -WANXED. For Planters or iiJirculart, address H. F. BATCHBLLEB, Steriing,III.  hats,  bonne i s,  TRIMMINGS,  laces, . ribbons,  all of the JJatest Styles for fall and winter trade. ,In the lino of ;  Artificial Flowers  —AND— "  iE^LTJilivdlES,  all that is asked la that the Ladies call, examine, and Judge for themEOlves. A limited assortment of ' as  Gents Underwear,  includinic also. GliOTES, HOSIERT, and PAFEK COIiliABS.' The goods will bo sold forOASR. at LOWER PRICES than at any other place In the city.  isr DRESSniAKIlVe and XttlM-ItUNG In the latest style, and GENTS bHIRTS made to order, and perfect fits always guaranteed.  CALL at the new establishment before pur-Chasing elsewhere. . ^  M. J. BOLLOM.  Elkhart, Sept. 18th. 1873.  Stiect ioftrg.  BOBIN.  bt annie robebtdok boxon.  iJ-'î t-i i-'î i ■  Aftdoon the burn ì! wander, dea-,:  To brlng. the cattle haina ; . And oftl near thé pleasant winds, ' Caliing niy Inva by iiüme. Ob, what is a' tha worid tu me, ; 1 The p^eud, cald world to me ; ; ' And my pulr heart' sae sad and full r- O' luvlng thoughts oMhee.' ■' iî - ' '. Aft by thê'rèedy river dear,  ■ ' Wherà-ihe Brownies gae to drink. With mahy'r.h long and heavy sigh^ - I sit me down to think. O, what'îé'a'the world tome.  The proHd, cold world to me, ir mony a drear and stony mile, Lieth twixt mo and thee.  Aft in the lonesome night.dear; '  Beneath tbe pale moon's crest; I lay me down with troubled thoughts  Sae heavy on my bronst. O, what is !.' the world to me, : The proud, cold world to me, Ifa'the dreary years that pass. But keep mo, luve from thee.  Aft doon the burn I wanders dear.  Whan a' the day is done; And a' alone 1 oount the stars. That shine out one by one. Bnt what is a' the world to me. The cold, proud world to me; And what Is a ■ the day» to come, Saefar, sweet luve, for thee.  A MEDLEY.  Mrs. H. L. PAYNE, Artist in Hair-Work,  • —and—  Gents' and Ladies' Whole ..and  Half IFigs, Supplied to Order. LADIES' HAIR DRESSING DONE  in the Latest Styles-  stamping done for Embroidery and Braiding.  Nnmlier 97 main Street Elkhart, Ind.. Jan. 10.1873.  Sells Tickets.  K . K . ~B"B U S 11 ,  AT THE POST OFFICE IN ELKHART, IND.,  SELLS PASSAGE TIC!KETS  To and from London. Liverpool, Edinburgh, Copenhagsn, Harn,'^ burg, and all European Poris, by IJie  Liverpool & Great Western Steamsbip Company.  Steamers leave New York and Liverpool every Wednesday, and Qneenstown every Thursday.  Also, sells Dratts on the Royal Bank of Ireland, Lberpool, London, Edinburgh,- and all Cities on the ConUnent at the LOWEST BATES.  S. M. Cummins, D. D. 8.  ELKHABT, INDIANA.  ROOMS—Up Stairs, Masonic Block, Main Et.  Nitrous Oxide Gas,  For the Painless oitraction of Teeth. Upper Setts of the finest quality of  ARTIFICI AL TEE H,  Inserted at from $12 to $20, Cash puid fer Gold and Silver Plates  Dresimklflg is tablishment  Mrs. E. SnMOVEY,;  located over DODGI^ BBVO STTORIE— 97 FEoin StKet, '  wonld respectfully announce to the Ladles of Elkhart and vicinity, that tho is ready to do all kinds of ' ■  cutting,  fitting, -  and making of dresses,  sacques, cloaks,  capes, etc,, etc., etc.,  . according-to the latest styles and fashions In . lOgne. and at satisfactory prices. The work will oe warranted in ail cases. Remember the num-- oei—97 Main street, np stairs.  i 5 . i p p ^  Did Yon See it Work at tlie Fair?  Tbat wonderful JIEITIMEII and BINDER  Patented Dece-nber 19. 1871: took First Premium B-verrwIiore. Will fit 'anv' Family Sewing Machine. Hem, Fell, Welt, Seam-wiib-out-basting. Bind neatly.-and 'Htm over co»rFe anpnlar seams' perfectly 'every time,' Agents •wanted St once I Unparalleled inducements offered. Samples by mail. 65 oente. Addres Tbe GI'>1>e ITIacbine Co., East Hampstead, T 'i.  THOUSAIiDS OF LIVES AND MILLIONS OP PKOPEETY SAVED BY USING THE  AJIEBICAN SAFETY  KEROSENE LAMPS.  These lamps are made of Brass and will not break.  The burners have a Safety Tube Attachment for the escape of gas, and will never explode.  The chimneys are made of Mica (or Ising glass so Called) and they are the only lamp chimneys made that will not break by heat or cold.  Glass Chimneys and Lamps are expensive— this is tbe universal complaint.  Over Seventy five Millions of Glass Lamp Chimneys are broken in this country overyear.  Price of Hand lAmps. complete with Mica Chimneys, one dollar. Price of Bronze Parlor or Stand Lamps, twodoilars—Sent to any part of the United States by express on receipt of the money by mail. xOOO Agents wanted to cell these Lamps, and Mica Chimneys in every city, and town, to whom a liberal disco'nat will bc:,made. Send for Sample Lamps and Circulars giving • all particnlajs.' They speak for themselves, ana eeU on sight. Address.' S i;.'-  AMEBJCAN SAFETY tATHlP CO;,.  ' No. «40 Pearl Straet, New Tork.  ERRORS OF YOUTH.  A GENTLEMAN who suffered for years from Nervous Debility, Premature Decay, and ail the etTccts of youthfel indiscretion wtll. for the  sake of snfiering humanity, send free to all who need it, the recipe and direction for making ths simple remedy by which he was cured.- Sufferers wishing to profit by the advertiser's experience can do so by addressing in perfect confidence, JOHN B. OGDEN, 43 Cedar St.. Yew York.  Nov. 20, '73m6  Wood's Household Magazine,  TBE BEST DOLLAR MONTHLY.  ay made by can '«lug for this  $5to $16  a da;  vas«: _____  mapiazioe-now in Its llih vpl.—with Chromo,  the yosemite valley,  14x20 inclies, in 17 Oil Colors. Macazinc, one year, with JTIoiuilcd Cliro-  mo, $2.0(1  magazine, one year, with TTnmoiintcd Cliromo, $1.50  magazine, alone, one year, - - - fl.t'O Examine our Clnbbing anrt Premium Lists. Two First-class Periodicals for tUe price of one. We solicit Experienced Canvassers and others to send at once tor term« ann specimen Magazine. Address' S. 13. SHUTESL^PublUsher.  41 Park Row, N. Y. City, or Newberg, li. Y."  The variety of pronunciation give J to o u-g-h, is illustrated by the following:  'Peasant Arcadian,  Guiding the plough. Coarse are your garmnuU, Your aspect Is rough.  Peasant imprudent,  I hear yon've a congh; Do yon feel sura Your'e clad warm enough ?  Bibalons peasant, s  Your voioo itr .'sirongh;. You're not a dieclple Of temperance Qough.  Home to your cottage I  You hear tbe wind songh ; Even the biruies Sing hoarse on the bough.  Home to your cottage  And bend o'er tiie trough. Kneading tho loaves. Of digestible dough.  Though the bread's heavy. Unsweetened and touch. Well-sharpened teeth Will go easily through.  ilìbcbìlaneoks.  Special Dispatch to the N, Y. Dispatch.  DEATH OF SENATOB SUMNER.  I<ast Hours of tbe Great Statesman.  Washington, March II.—Senator Sumner died at thirteen minutes before' three o'clock this afternoon. For two or three days Mr. Sumner bad been conscious of the approach of the attRck with which he was seized last night. Pains in the region of the heart, mo-mentay spasms of aervous prostration, from .which he ha^twice or trice ral~ lied ..in the last Iwo'^days, like the oscillations which precede the earth-^ quake shock, warned him of tho severer stroke impending. Tuesday morning be told one or two friends of his weakness, and, while alluding to it a3 a trifling matter, it was evident that his mind was not iree from présenti^ ments and forebodings. Yesterday, after the presentation in the Senate of tbe resolutions of the Legislature of Massachusetts expunging from its rec^-ords the resolutions of censure on the action of Senator Sumner in proposing to drop from the army register the names of the battles of tho civil war, the Senator was feeling much better, and entertained at dinner at his house Major Ben Perley Poore, the widely-known correspondent of the Boston Journal and his devoted friend, and Mr, Henry L. Pierce, of the House of Representatives, from Boston. At dinner he was in excellent spirits and .seemed very happy, notwithstanding -he had told a- gen'tleman from Boston during the^day, 0.iáetof tne merchants who aré here attending the investigation before the Ways and Means Com« ! mittee, ihat he fell; he was going to Itave ; another attack, and iiitimated that t¿e result might be fatal. His gueBtS'atp^ dinnei:. do not seem to have had the slighest \ presentiment of the coming blow, or to. have doubted that he was in his usnal health.  On letiii';r i-- room, about 10 o'clock, he w ' = : ' again with the dreadful p:) .r, the heart which  accompanies i-.. ojntraction of the muocles of that organ in the paroxysms of the disease. He rang for his servants, vho went immediately to summon his physician and one or two friends. The first to ^aqn his bedside WRS Mr. \yormly) who has been with the Senator during some of his previous attacks. He at once recog.-nized this attack to be more serious than any ihut had proceeded it, and immediately called other friends and fcalegraphed for Dr. Brown»Sequard. Dr. J. Taber Johnson, immediately on his arrival^ had an eminent council of physicians summoned Surgeon General Barnes, who wáá with Pres i. dent Lincoln from the time of tbe assassination till his death, and Drs. Lincoln and Wm. P. Johnson. During the night Mr. Sumnei's sufFeriogs were intense, and the anodynes which were administered gave him no relief, He did not sleep till 4 o'cjock this morning, at which time an injection of morphine was made beneath the skin. This remedy has been resorted to on other occasions to produce sleep, and about a year ago this hypodermic was for a time administered almost nightly. From four o'clock this morning he sank gradtially, overcome by a feéiing -of yreákrféss and ; exbaustion. J He would i sleep á few mibutee/and^then '|ffáké"and turn over, and \be raised into a new positioh, the movement be» ing accompanied by the exclumatioas 'Oh,' and 'How tired,' 'How weak.' These expressions he repeated again and again during the whole morning.'  He was entirely conscious during his waking moments till ten minutes before his death, and recognized and spoke to the friends who v.ere admitted to his room.  The councils of physicians decided in the day chat tbe attack must almost certnicly be fatal, but were uncertain whether life might end to-day or might last two or three days longer. A few of his friends refused to abandon hope. They had great confidence that if only he should live till the arrival of Dr. Browr.-Sequard, that eminent physician, familiar for years with Mr. Su-n-ner's disease, could administer some remedy or make some application thai should restore the ttction of tho heart and save his life. Dr. Brown-Sequard telegraphed a prescription for the ap plication of magnetism, but tbe attending physicians were unwilling, in Mr. Sumner's condition, which they knew,  and Dr. Sequard djginot, to follow/his directions in this respect, Dr, Barnes oinsulted with some of those who were closely bound to Mr. Su timer by ties of friendship, and it was (decided that the arrival of Dr. Brown-Sfquafd should be awaited. The attending physicians, however, proved to be right in their fears that Mr, Sumner ci;uld not survive the night. About 2 o'clock Judge Hoar telegraphed co the Speaker of the House that Mr, Sumner, hé thought, would not sur^i^e the session of the House to-day. To his remark to Burgeon General Barnes, about the time of sending this dispatch, that Mr, Sumner was not yet dyiniîj'the Surgeon General replied that there was no improvemeni in the caso since morning, and that he felt littld hope.  Judge Hoar was unremitting in his attentions. About three-quarters of an hour before Mr. Sumner died Judge Hoar was holding his hand, which was very cold. 'I wish,' he said, 'Mr. Sumner, we could do something to make your hands warmer,' and Mr. Sumner replied, 'You never will.' During the day bo gave tp Judge Hoar a message for Ralph Waldo Emerson, of Concord, Mass. 'Judge,' he said, 'tell Emerson how much I love and revere 'him.' Judge Hoar replied, using a' remark of Mr. Emerson's about Mr, Sumner; 'He said of yon he never knew so white a soul.' Mr. Stimner then turned upon bin other aide, nt tering faintly twice the.^exclamation, 'Oh !' Judge Hoar thought he was going to sink into sleep again. At this 'moment Mr.' Hooper came in. One of the colored men ;who were in attendance said to Mr. Sumner,'This is Mr. Hooper.' He opened his eyes, and recognizing Mr. Uooper said 'Sit down.' These were the last words he ever uttered. Mr. Hooper stayed in ths room a fow minutent, and thèn left the house, Judge Hoar also left the room, but about ten minutes after he came back and approached the bedside. During his absence Mr.-Sumner had a sudden and violent spasm, and as the doctor and attendants raised him up a little he was seized with a fit of vomit ing. Judge Hoar took hold of hit hand, and they laid him back upon his pillow and wiped the cold perspira-« tion from his brow. There was a slight motion of the mouth, a gasp for breath, a tremor of the frame, and all was still. Judge Hoar released the hand he held, and it- fell cold and limp upon the bed. The doctor put his ear down and listened for anotjier throb of the heart, but it never beat again.  The origin of Mr. Sumner's diìease is traced by his physicians to the bis torical blow from tbe bludgeon in tbe bands:bf'Bully' Brooks, so many years ago. One to whom Dr. Brown-Sequard has given the history of bis treatment of Mr. Sumner, thus " describes the character of the disease, as stated by the doctor himself; 'It is the na-tuie of this disease that, when the blow is struck upon the head, especially when the person struck is in a sitting posture, that the phock follows the spinal column until it reaches what is termed the point of resistance. Here the shock stops, and at this point there arises the germ of future trouble. After a series of weeks, in such cases, it generally happens that a few particles of the bony spinal column begin to separate into semi»watery particles. The point of resistance takes upon itself a lymphatic character. From this point tlie future disease sets in through the avenue of the nearest . network of veins, according to the position along the spinal column where the -point of lesistance has been determined. It may be along the nerve network of the arm, or the leg, ór about the heart. In the case of Mr. Sumner the d|isease extended from the spinal colunin to the heart. In its final manifestation the arteries leading from the heart be coming practically ossified, gives to tbe disease something of the character of angina pectoris, resulting in certain death. This condition of the system is induced, when the original cause exists, by mental excitement.'  Directly after the assault by Brooks. Mr. Sumner went to Europe, and placed himself under ths treatment of Dr. Brown-Sequard. His diagnosis of ibe case was similar to that which has been described. The treatment to which Mr. Sumner was subjected was very severo; his back was burned with red hot irons, vrhen Mr. Sumner had in part rejovared. his physician then informed him that he would entirely recover, but that, if he did not avoid mental excitemtnt. tbe maUdy would return later in life and doubtless prove fatal. Thit injuBction has proved a prophecy.  The list pubiio care that weighed nocB Senator Sumner's mind was the Civil Rights bill. He said repeatedly to the persons who were with him this morning, 'You musi take care of my Civil Rights Bill.' That subject seemed to be constantly in his thoughts, and it was, no doubt, a matter of regret to him that he should pass away before this favorite project should have been accomplished-  Mr. Sumner has no near relative living.except one sister, Mrs. Hastings, who lives in California. He has had two brothers and several other sisters, who are all dead.  ' ; In the year 1867, Mr. Sumner, then 56 years old, was martied to Mrs. Alice Mason Hooper, widow of Siurgis Hooper, Esq., by whom she had one child. She wn^ a lady of fire intellect and many accomplishments. But she soon found it impossible to live with Mr. Sumner, and she left him a few months after her marriage, going abroad with ber child and residing chiefly in Italy, The cause of the separation was never made public. After a lapse of five years, Mr. Sum-, nor obtaiiied a decree of divorce from a Massachusetts court on the 10th of May, 1873, on the ground of desertion. Mr. Sumner was represented by counsel, but no opposition was made to the decree. Under it Mr. Sumner had the legal right to marry again, belt the lady had not. By a very recent proceeding, however, this right was also granted to her.  —The wifü's secret—Her opinion of her husband. ,  A London paper suggests that as ivy is the only plant which seems to flourish in the smoky atmosphere of that city, it might be advantageously used to cover up some of the public statues, the natural ugliness of which is intensified by the deposit of which covers them.  From Indianapolis Sunday Herald.  ABOUT WOMAN.  Woman is an unguessablc riddle^— a mo8t„.^ntricate enigma—a flower which, by analyzing, no one can tell whether it be poisonous or inrtoxious with any degree of ccrtaihty. She has been with mnn from the beqia-ning, and ho has n< t found her out to this day. She is comparatively an alphabet of hieroglyphics—a magnetic mystery. Nobody knows what l^er head eontaius. Bomutimes it is stufTed with love, tenderness and sympathy, and at other times with nothing but grit and gravel. Like the m jnih of April, she is all sunshine asd showers Many a teardrop evaporates in the warm light of a smile ere it has a chance to fall, and many a bright smilo is suddenly quenched by a sprinkle of some passing cloud of sorrow about tho size of a blanket. Grief bubbles up in her bosom to burst in an atmosphere of joy, like autumnal flowers springing from the hot-bed of her heart, to be cut down by tbe sudden frost of grief. A queer compound is woman. She is made of modesty, boldness,' beautv, jealously, silks, sato ins, hatred, horse-b&ir. love, whalebone, piety, crinoline, gaiety, paint, gum-clastic, sympathy, bear's grease, tears, smiles, affection and kindness. She talks with her tonsue, speaks with her eyes, is eloquent in ber actions, and yet we can't understand it. How render is woman. She is as tender as a spring chicken and tough as an old turkey gobbler. She must be screened from the hot summer's eun, sheltered and protected from, the Etorms and blasts of winter, and yet if she takes a notion to do a thing she can stare at the blazing sun without winking, face a north-wester and discount the very old boy. But inwardly she is as tender as the mercies of,heaven; her heart is as. much softer than man's as bees wax is softer than a brickbat. Her sympathies are as delicate as the down upon an angel's wing, and her love ap pears as fresh and unfading amid the sorrows of adversity as the evergreen wreath that encircles the brow of old winter. Her tenderness is too tough to be destroyed by whatever change fortune or time may bring. As tough ai tripe and twice as common, and yet how lofty i.s woman! No matter whether born in a cellar she can be as lofty as a gnrret. VVhen she once gets her 'back up,' oh! cats and broomsticks, lookout for ourselves. She is as high KB Olympus, as savage as a sausage machine, as strong as a tiger, and as terrible as a tornado. In high wrath she is crazy as a bedbug. She can blaze away as though bell, heaven and earth were coming tog ther. But in a moment all is over—and nobody killed. Then she comes from the mountain, softens down like a jellyfish, and becomes as quiet as a goose-pond after a tempest. After all. bow lively is woman I Yef, she is amazingly devoted in her attachmeutss. She will cling to the chosen object of her affections like a leech to a mud-turtle, and she can't be separated without snapping, string.« wjiich no art can mend, and leaving a portion of her soul on the upper leather of her affeo-tioos. She will often see something to love where others discern nothing to admire, and when her fondness is once fastened on a fellow it sticks like glue in a dandy's hair. Lastly: How childlike is woman ! A plaything her-Bclt, she is fond of every plaything in the world's great toy shop. Her house is the realm of fancy—her existence a kind of ideal reality—her very miseries are mingled with a pleasing ro. mance—the present is always bright, and the future still brighter Would that I were a woman to be pleased with every posy that pops its head above the weeds oC a wicked world, and have no thorns to molest me while gathering tbe wild flowers of imagination. Childlike woman is ever happy; tickled with the straw of flattery, delighted with every rainbow-tinted bubble that floats upon the wave of time—as auiic as a young coon in the moonlight, and joyous as a cricket. She dances in the sunlight of joy and seems to use every endeavor to coax ub male, mooiy mortals in'o tho pond of matrimony to sink or swim through life.  SoHNEIDBIt,  The Locomotive Engrinecrs.  Charles AVilson, late Grand Chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, has published a letter in the Cleveland papers denouncing tho action taken by tbe convention held there, in not permitting him to make a defense, but condemning and comw pelling bis immediate resignation because he opposed the striking policy. He says that delegates were admitted to the convention who had been guilty of gross misconduct in the late strikes, while one delegate was admitted from a division which retains a striker who was guilty of misplacing a switch so as to throw a passenger train from the track. Railroad officials who have always treated the men kindly were denounced in no mild teims by the convention. He concludes as iollows; 'Before the strike the brotherhood received the cordial support of thousands of the best men in Canada and the United States, but now all is changed. A number of sub-divisions., with a large number of members, have entire ly disregarded the most sacred rules of the brotherhood and all their protestations made to their friends since they were first organized. They have forfeited every claim to the confidence of everybody by entirely ignoring all their previous promises, and now they assume a suspicious altitude by instituting a sccret policy that will surely prose ruinous to tbe best interests of all concerned. No declaration of good intentions will now avail anything af.. ter such flagrant violations of all previous rules^and promises. Sincerely regretting the condition our once powerful organization is placed in, and not being willing to share the responsibility of a final disgrace and failure I have applied to my division for a final withdrawal. I am aware that there are a large number of divisions that do nofapjrjve of tho stiike, or of any change in the policy of the organization. To my mind, there is only one way tbat a division or member can save their honor, and that is to withdraw from the demoralized brotherhood and organize a new society that will have for its guide, first and last, justice and honor.'—Ex.  —California is ahead of the older States in one the thing. It taxes church property.  The Temperance Crnsacc—Views of Archbishop Purcell.  Archbishop J. B. Purcell of Cincinnati has isfiucd a circular . replying at length to n.umerous applications made to him for sympathy and co-operation in the women's crusade against intemperance. The reply is uoi at all pleasing to the crusaders and their friends. The Archbishop .'ays he has often publicly expressed his .sympathy with movements in behalf of temperance. lie has over been, ready to co-operato with any wise effort in this direction, and has For years practiced total abstinence with a view .to scttine a good example. Ha contianes as follows. .iiptenking of him.self in the.third person. ^  But the Archbishop connot go to the excess sugacsied by some of the Lady League. He cannot instruct or preach that it is a sin for a day laborer who has to cnrry the hod on a broiling hot day in July or August up a steep ladder to the third or fourth story of a building to restore his exhausted strength by a glass or two of beer. This he would consider cruel. If the toiler has the physical enduranc.e and the will to do without the beverage, in the name of God let him do it, and if he cannot take this refreshigent w'thout drinking to excess,let him sb-stain altogether, or quit hard work, or die, for it is better so than to ben drunkard. Again, ihe Archbishop cannot ask a clergyman to blaspheme the Divine author of our religion by asking why he made wine at Cana in Gallilee, to recreate guests at a wedding; why he instituted the eucbarist, tbe Lord's Supper, partly in wine of which he commanded the Apostles to drink; why Jehovah's holy spirit teaches us in the Bible that God made wine to cheer the heart of man (P.-alms civ., 16). and the vine asks why it should desert its wine that tiheeretti God and men (Judges, ix, 13). Why did the dying patriarch, under the in-fltienci of divine inspiration, wish his son abundance of wine ? - Why again does the Holy Ghost toll us that it is hurtful always to drink water or wine but to mix thi'm is pleasant, or sometimes to drink one and sometimes the other? (II Maccabee.s, last verse of tbe Old Testament.) But God, they object, did not make the wine. We have shown that he did not make it. Neither did he make the bread, except in the miracle sf the loaves in the desert. But He made the grape and tbe wheat from which wine and bread are made, tbe one by a process not much simpler than the other. Catholics then go to the Bible and they un-dirsiand it; and, with the blessed book before them, we cannot with bell book, and candio, with praying and psalm-singlng in the mud, excommunicate those who drink or those who dispense the liquid which God has made to be used with moderation and thanksgiving. This then is the verdict of the Word of God. Use, do not abuse, and if you cannot use without abusing, use not at all.  Tho Lightn ing Rod Man's Mistake.  Ás^itation In the Church.  Up in Blossburg, the other day, a lightning rod man drove up in front of a handsome edifice, standing in the midst of trees and shrubs, and spoke to Mr. Summers, who was sitting on the steps in front. He accosted Summers as the owner of the residence and said;  •'I see you have no lightning rods on this house,'  'No,' said Sumroers, '  'Are you going to put on any ?'  Well I hain't thought of it,' replied Summers.  •You ought to. A tall building liko this is very much exposed. I'd like to run you.up one of my rods ; twisted steel, nickle plated tips, Sluss fenders, everything complete. May I put up one to show you ? I'll do the job cheap.'  'Certainly you may if you want to. I haven't the slightest objection,' said Summers.  During the next half hour the man had his ladders up and his assistants at work, and at the end of that time the job was done. He called Summers out into the yard to admire*; it. He said to Sumnera ;  'Now, that is all well enough, but if it was my house, I'd have another rod put up on the other side. There: is nothing like beijg projected thorough ly-'  .'That's true,' said Summers, fit would be better.' /  'I'll put up another—shall I ?' asked the man.  'Why, of course, if you think it's best,' said Suumers.  Accordingly the man went to work again, and soon had tho rod in its proper place.  'That's a first rate job,'be said to Summers, as they, both stood eyeing it, 'I like such a man as you are. Big-hearted, liberal, not afraid to put a dollar down for a good thing. There's some pleasure in dealing with you. 1 like you so much that I'd put up a^ couple of rods, one on the north and one on the south end, for almost noth» ing.'  'It would make things safer, I suppose,' fcaid Summers.  'Certainly it would. I better do it hadn't 1—hey ?'  'Just as you think proper,' said Summer.  So the wan ran up two more rods, and then came down and said to Mr. Sumners:  'There—-that's done. Now lets settle up.'  'Do what ?'  'VVby, tho job's finished, and now I'll take ir.y money.  'You don't expoct me to pay you. 1 hope ?'  •Of course I do. Didn't you tell me to put those rods on your house?'  'My house I' shouted Summers.— •Thunder and lightning ! I never or, dered you to put those rods up.i It would have been ridiculous. Wliy man, this is the Court house, and 1 am waiting for the court to assemble. I'm on the jury. Y"ou sermed to be anxious to rush up your rods, and as it was none of my business, I let you go on—Pay for it! Come, now,'th it's pretty good.'  Tho Blossburg people say tbat the mauner in which tbat lightning rod man tore around town and swore was fearful. But when he got his rods off the court house he left permanently.-— He don't fancy the place.  A Bango member of the Mennonite church, sends us the followiog rxtract from the Heratd-of Truth, the Mennonite Monthly of this place, and as he has Granger predileciion.«, and concludes it all right and proper for Mennonite farmers to join the Gra ige, he protests agaiost the points thus promulgated by the editor of the above named periodicil, who has this to say:  Secondly. A seoretorganizition gen-eraly, if not alirays, requires very so vera and unscriptural oaths, which the folloiTors of Jeius cannot take; inas-muoh as nil o-ithi) arc forbidden liy tbe gospel.  Thirdly. By uniting with a secret organization a mm binds hini-ieif to men that are not, christian?; infidels, atheists, drunkards, men of di-reputa-ble character, dishonest and.such like, and the Scripture lelln u.-; fhfit light has no communion with darkness, Christ with Beliiil, or the temple of God with the bemule of idols. Read 8 Cor. 6: 14—18.  Now then, the reason why our brethren should ' take no part with the Granges is simply 1. Becausc it is a secret organization, and thst.which is good need not be hid, nor kept secret. 2. The promises or oath.s required oj them are incoasistent wii:h the doctrines of Christ. * * *  ST. LOUIS (CORRESPONDENCE.  /Si. Lonis, Mo., March 16, 1874. Bo. Union :  After a quite lengthy silenoe on my part, I agun assay to trouble yoa with a little nonsense.  The whisky war is raising quite an ex-oitement among the friends of the cause, bat as yet nothing aiore has boon done than to form an organization for the purpose of educating the public mind, and possibly nothing more will be done, as the majority of our oitizens are foreigners, and will not tamely submit to having their favorite beverages taken from them. la conversing with the German, you are sure to hear the cause denounced ia this way: <By tata, ef dey lakes to making a grii-sades mit de peer s iloons, dej vill find dat de schermaoB vill not shleep till d«y vips dem.' The Irishmaa lets-himself be heard by loud, deep %ad hitter oursea against the oold waterites, and the tempe ranee people say that the liquor interests are too strong ia this place for anything like the Ohio warfare, but they plaoa their eatire hopes, and bring their weapons t? bear on the members of oar General Assembly, but in my humble opinion, without many ohances of suoosts. Everyone is looking on with amazement at the de-' termined manner and wavering success of the orusaders in 0hi3 and Indiaiii,.and from what I can learn, the Indianapslis mode of carrying on the war is the most praised, and has thj mostfrien'ls with the pubiio in general.  Other matters are very quiet here—it seems as (hough nothing oan change the general apathy of affairs. Business is dead and will probably remain so till fall, even the depth of Senator Sumner failed to cause more than (he slightest ripple in the dullness of the people; m fact, nothing but the law suit between a Perry Co. and the Chicago & Alton R. R. Co. can be said to be ot general interest, and that would succeed but fear that the decision ia that case will injure the business of the city, and such has been the state of affairs since ths Cuban excitement last December. AVhat the finale will be is more than I jrill undertake to say, but leave it to older and more experienced miads and time to solve. Hoping that it will be to the best interests of the people, I remain,  Your.i, Obsebvek,  ON STIMULANTS.  bt b. j hagoeett, m. s.  Mr. President, and Members of the Elk hart Academy of Medical Sciences:  It will not be disputed that Clinical observation has lately done much for the ad-, vancement, and the rational administration of alcoholic stimulants, and this not only because it is the test by which the contributions of other branches are tried/ but also because ia itself it is carried »u with the minuteness and precision which are essential to science. This precision must apply, not only to the mode of calculating facts, but also and most particularly to the coireot determination and classification of these facts. The accuracy of counting is a mere facility in common arithmetic. The accuracy of observing and arranging the facts to be counted is the higher and rarer quality. Both.are reqvired ia the prosecution of clinical research. It is not a,general or superficial knowledge of any of these fundamental sciences that will avail ts make them profitable te medicine. It is where these facts and laws have beea carefully studied, in relation to the healthy body, that the advantage has become practicaf; and this study has in many instances developed new phenomena which reflect light also on the contributory sciences.  The shape in which alcohol is adminia« tered is in many cases not * a matter of choice. The mighty force of the purse strings often restricts us to tho coarses^ compounds. New '•vhisky and giu sad. British brandy are better than nothing, but let ns not forget that (hey contain a very hurtful, nay, almost poisonous ingredient, fusel oil, which is abundant in direct proportion to the youth and low price of the article. Age changes this into moré wholesome as well as more agreeable ethers. Any of the full bodied wines are better for a^ule cases than spirits. ?ort perhaps exhibits in its commoner varieties more of the gsod quilitles ihata wine should have, than the produce of other grapes. I mean to say that second or third rale port, is a wholsomer beverage than second and third rate and sham articles with o'.her names. But if the expense is no object, thoroughly good champagne exhileratos more, is easier digested, and does the good without the harm better than any of its rivals. Of course a high price must be paid for a genuine article in the instance of a wine so restricted in quantity. The use of beer should be confined to those cases where we wish to^ give a tonic food at the same time with alcohol, and also where the powers of the stomach are ¡sufficient not to be upset by a slight fermentation of the sugar which' always takes pUc?. In respect of its ohronic effects, ic seems to me that a long continued course of excess in beer, even moderate excess, is more.productive of degeneration than in wine or spirits.  Prof. Thomas King Chambers, M. D., Honorary Physician to His Royal Hlgh-  roiarand Lèciprerj^lhrfc^^^^^ iciie_at St- Mary's-ing Physician to the J.opk;HoBpUft-i A'mèrîc'iiîronim F^M^^ ^.  says: 'I have of ten" given'you atjhe side, çwson. for -  holding alcohol in-»peeial-cm«?* * have been cautious about retfncinit those reasons to generul rul s without goinc into the bubjecL more tully than-is possi»-ble in the wards. As you »re well aware, extreme ojunious miy be, and have been, -held about this indubitably powerful reagent. Dr lirowB, (the author of the Brunenian theory) purbuaded himself tbat it was a panacea for »11 huma« ilia, and » ' direct prolonger of lito, bui by-dim of fr.quout experimenting, atid" lediur.nu with a bottle oi brandy by his -«We. soou succieded in giving a practical r«fu-tatiou to. his -own w.,rd8 by tttioiog hia .  health and shortening his existence. Others agaiu would persuade us tU«l it is a pure poiaan, whose degree of antago-nism to lite is in a direct raiio lo th^ quantity used, IshMl take it for granted that your experience in the hospital has made , you advooites of neither opinion, but that , you, must by this time, have seen, or seemed to iae it in many oases saving ariJ prjlongiog life, ia macy, saving and prolonging health, in mauy cases destroying and ah.rtenins both, and again, oft^n conceded by indulgent doctors as an innocent luxury likely.to do neither good nor  harm.  The best guld-j to the effecis t > be eX pected from a re-ageot oa a dise asei body  is the intelligent observation 01 its effects on a healthy body, and 1 think that alcohol is no exception, but that its knowl.  edge of its physiological action leads di •  rectly to its therapeutic .1 application.  The experiments of Rudolf Mansing, since repeated and confirmed- by M. M. Lalleman's; Perm, and ïuroy, have taught us that alcohol, passes through the bodj.unaltered ia chemical constitution, nud does not, so far as we know, leave any of its substance behind. It' remaini in the body some hours, and daring Uiat time exerts an infiuenoo for good or for evil. It is not strictly an'aliment,'btit  if it aids tb« appropriation of aUment. it may be looked upon as an 'aocessory food' in health, and as a 'modicine'in disease. What is the nature of the influence which it exerts? What is its action upon; lifeÎ It is usually defined as a «stimulus to the nervous ayatem.'.aa s-o long as '■limalusr is held to mean only something which makes one feel comfortable, we may be »alisfied with tho explanation, while upon tiie nervous system all exierimenters. from the first patriarch downwards, will agreff that it acts. -But if by the etymology we infer that it directly augmenti the developed force of the nervous functionst we shall fall into the error of poor Dr* Brown.  Let us be a little more particular.in our inquiries, and then I do not think we ,shall be able to trace any direct increase of forcé to alcohol, even in the smallest doses, or for the minutest periods of time. TLe sort of researches of which those deta'led are examples, show pretty clearly that its continuous use (i. e. in small divided doses) d»e8 not add power to vitality, and I think we shall not fait to come to the same conclusion from observations m ode-upon its more immediate.effects-  la a series of experiments, 'conducted witlç* another object, Dr. Edward Smith has recorded very mmutely the sensaJions experienced after brandy, by a temperate man. with a fasting stomach. What are the first effectsnoticed theie? Increased lifeî Increased function? No—lessened consciousness, lessened sensibility to light to sound, and to touch. Then theie comes a peculiar sensation of stiftness with swellint; of the skin, which is noticed particularly in the upper lips . and. cheeks, evidently due to, arrested aisnsation and motion: These are very unlike wu" to extra exertion. In a patient lately under my care the same pecnliar sens ation of Btiffneas, and also the objective phenomo-uon of rigidity of skin without loss of sensation, were produced by the pressure of diseased bone on the fifth nerve uside .thei skull. If we call-this symptom a partial paralysis from obliteratiou of servona.--function (to which I suppose nobody will detnur) we must call the effects of alcohol also a partial obliteration of function, for the phenomena are strictly idèniloal^: "Dr. Smith, further records among the 'early ef-fects* of alcohol, a relaxation of the dartos and other muscles connected with the re. productive system, for which Ovid elegantly, and Shakespeare coarsely, blame the 1»' teir and more obvious'influences of drink; ! The sphiBCter 'also of the bladder was relaxed, and o this the observer lays the increased micturition during;,indulgence; The pulse alsa is quiokened. At first blush you -might be disposed to view thig as an increase of nervous foroel But do .not ba hasty.. Observe with. Dr. Bedford Brc wn, the oircùltition in; the cerebrum .during an operation oh the.BKull. wbaa the pulse was quickened by chloroform, and -you will see the heaving and bulging of the brain quieted, the 'surface becominK pale; and the hemorrhage arrested. The quickening of the pulse janst therefore ; have been c.ontemporaneous with.dimis» ished force ef the heart's beat. Againt observe that in disease those patients especially exhibit the phenomenon of quickened pulse whose hearts are moat enfee. bled. It would appear thatin motion^of » purely involuntary character, quickneai indicates dimunition of force and not inn crease.  It is unnecessary to go through, the symptoms of advanced intoxication by als cohol, all observations agrée in showing that large doses immediately depress the nervous centers, and that in cases of absolute poisoning by it the cause .of . death is the cessation of the muscular,respiratory môvements. I What I wish particularly to remark here is aidiinunitioD .ofi TlCalitr in the: nervous systemv^Lifejand-warmth are so closely conaected^together ia aciens iific' as well as ' in popular.notioni, that perhaps the most ftt'riking-'evideiiee of diminished vitality is thé lesaràed oïpâci-ty'to'générato heat. We hâve this evK dence iu'the case of alcohoU H. M. Dam> eril and Demarquay published in 1848 their observation that intoxicatedi dog|. exhibited a great loss of temperature, and Dr. Boecker and Dr. Hammond find, ia . their own persons the same reaulti A:om even moderate doses of spirits. This ac« cords with, and explains the expérianc* of Dr. Rae, that alcoholic drinks' ^ye a* ; satisfaction to arctic voyagers, and,of Dr. : Hayes, (durgeon and Commander in U.S. second Orinnell expedition};thaV they ac-« tually lessen the. power of resitting cold. The •warming of the stomach'- which dram drinkers speak of with such guato, is ia fact a fallacious sensation ^arising out - j insensibility to external linfluancei. I think we may withont hesitation conolnde that alcohol is primarily and essentially a lessener of the -power of ithé neiTona system. We may call it an 'anaeathetic,' if it is allowed us to exténd â little the | application of the term and to let it in« olude all re-agents which tend toUnter« rupt the craneotion between the material and immaterial of our being,' between force and visible nerve, and whether our memories are conscious of the ^interrap« : tion or not. ' ' ' "  {Oontinutd on next page) ■ ..  m  351  '1  -•■41 -'■-I  .-At'   

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