Bloomington Post, July 13, 1838 : Front Page

Publication: Bloomington Post July 13, 1838

Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - July 13, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana HOTHar» WBOOB MIWV n WOK s* TOIi. 3.BiiOomimToiv, fribay jin.T is, isss. m. «s. EDITED AND PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY BY M. L DEAL. urrics ON MAIN CKOilS 8THEKT, FIRST DOOB WEST MAJ. MIGHT's. TliRMS. Two dollar« in advance, WTO fifty in six months tnd three at the end of the year. No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages »re paid up. (¿^Avektisements of ten lines or less, will be published three wt)rks for one dollar, and ccnts for •ach additional insertion. All advertieeiiienUJ must bo marked with the number of iMertion», or they will be inserted till forbid and charged wicordingly. Thp CASH must iiiviiriably accompany adrortise-mant-i from a distance or they will not roceive atten-tion- All letters and communications addressed to the »ditor must be free of poHtagp. No variation whatever need boexjiectod tVomthene torins. LIST OF AGF.MTS. The following gentlrmpn aro roqnoRtod and authorized to act as aRPniR: to receive SiiUcriptions, ^Ob Work.'Vdveriising ice. and ri icipt for tho«¡'.me. Thomas C. Johnsox, Sjienrer, la. II. H. TiiiKior, Mill (¡rove, la. Samuel H. Smvtii, IJowlini^groon, la. John Paiir, Freiloiii:i, huliuii. Wm. Hfkop, Esq. ri)hiiiibus, la. E- (t. Wavman, Martin^bun:, la. D, A. Rawlin';-«, Nrw AlUany, la. J. S. Ikwin, liouisville, Ky. llroiKiF. ParkorHbiiit;, IMonlpompry Co. In. Wm. S. I'-s'I-, Nat^livillo, la. Dr. 1. );."M.\\wk/.i., lV;i;iklV>iI, la. John rattf.uron, (irof.'iu-iiftle, la. (rkoh-7k •(; Dunn, IC-^ij. L'eiil'or.l, Iii.liana. .f.-,,761,527 l,fiíM),000 2 (M»0,000 1 ..'■)(H),000 7{).'i,000 I 7:vt,G;$B 2/10^,291 100,000 4,(iOO,(KK> '2,000,000 1,100,000 (cm isiicn Kv i;i: i!Tt>T )TO TilKClTIZl .NSOF MONlKti: COUNTY l.\i>l \N Whorrn"* nn » .\t< nsivti sv'itom nf Internal Iin-piovoiiieiiis, ha-; U-cn n lniitcil, organized, and pul into operniidii, by tlit> .'ids ni"«mr Lofiislaturo, kus-taiiied and snjipoiteil Itv sub ;r<)iioiit l<«>}j;islation, on a |)bin of «iiniiliaDruin cimplc.iion ; (inJ as the Wdiki nre iiino in nninhfr, mni of a inapnaliule and üXjHHise fur lit-yond tin- lii>i o-liiiiulfs, (which were about 10,O0i).(M)U) vvlii. li h lu.a fdiiml by th« recent t'alculutiMn«, liy (b'- nii^iiM-ci;!, lo cost, as follows lu wit : Central canal White Wator «-anal ^ Newcastle Crosst-nt onnal Ivxtension l>> 'r<;i lo ll uiw; 'iV rre llaiito Ciossf iu IJail-.mco of W'liUi-b and I'yi m; Northern canal VVahasli Kiver Madison Kail Road nid lii'ii <1 , .lelforHon TniiUMk«! .Vincenneri 'I'ui iipiko ^ ^VVholo cost ncfoniiiig t-i 11»' I'l est cstinmtes is Now Irt ns «îcn llir- rnt>cpf|iiriirf', of bocrowinp all this nioopy, and «"ii i y in;^ i>m all iIk! woiks tofifth-cr; wiihotti d»!ii\ iii^ any piolil IVoin any ofthein; till all aro (;uni|il( i<'.|.The intorost on 'lio wbolo «;iun of 21 ,ru!ri,532 dollars, at .0 |)t.'r i-. Dt, pui nniiuio, would Ikj 1,001,020 dollar«). J"h« rate of Inton .i lOO, f»frnch innn'.s property, to liqiiidnte thu ititeiest, would Ix: about !jil cents to the $l(»0. A n>aii who n (*ooil farm of IT.O acres, and other gt>od propoity, to the amount of .f3000 would have »U pay aiiiiually, > 10 btîsid»!y his county and Stale taxes, wIm h would incr'-uso tho antounl considerably. It IS said by thefii'tulH of ilio Kystom, that by Iheyt'ttr ofll'10,<n II,' tlioro w ill In; doublo the lands taxable in the Stale, tli.-it there is now, and that properly w ill uK-iea o in pmpoition; and that It will dilnill¡^h ilif tax, one half I tbiiik thiy assertion incon fit, :»s nuisl ol til'- lands ar« bought up by 8|M>cuwt'iyrH, and tiio in tin ii wiliJaod nneultiva ted state, niid will bo value.l at liitlo nioru than ('on({ prices. PifipfMiy (antiot double in so f hort A lime. It is at this tiino diminishing in val-• ue; yet I b«ilievp, that in two or thioe years hence, wu will have an iiicreii.s(; in the Bj;i;rO{{ato value; •n increase of property, at that time taxable in the state, but I think greatly below the anticipations of trany of tho Bilvoeatcs of the cause. Now 1 ask, is it poiutiblo lo carry on all tho works of Internal Improve»n«nt at the same time? lias the state any adequate meuiis, of paying thu inlc-rest on the State * bonds tor solar^o a sura Ixirrowed, as$21,836,632, without any protii from tiny of the works, till all ■ re finished? All must answer no; it cannot have. Thic ay^ieiii will biing ruin and bankruptcy on the ■late, 'i'bu works will have to bo abandoned without ünisHin^ them; and the money lost that has l>ecn expended on them. Uur children will bo involved iQ a debt tliut will stick tu llioin like an in-cubuv, and bear them down injoverty. And all this will be occasioned by thë U^rudence of their titthers. But notwithstanding this drak picture of • siniultanaous working, on all the works, till all are fini^bedil beliuvo the whole may be completed at no very distant day, by using prudence in man agenienl,^ economy iiiexpenditures-by retrenching wvory tionecessary of government, and oh ficere, in telnriea and nuinbors. By gntheriug together every item thai we can, and adding it to the surplus revenue that is now in deposit, with the ^llance that is to bo de|K>sit«d next January; tu ^ther with the profiits ol the stock of the state mnk, ttod the iniurost on the Canal Lands for a •inking AkM^ l">y Interest annually on the tlM llrtt^^OOO,OiH) most of which is borrowed, •n^ tiM ballaoco to be burrowed this sumoier. Af- QfMling a ainding fund, to liquidate the intereat Mtb* 0rvt $6,000,000 borrowed, suspend all the vrorka except tho Hriu canal, and some other work gM very costly, that would most probably make • go^ return of prolits; say thu Whitewater canal or Vincennes Turnpike; borrow about 8«,000,000 which would probably finish the Wabash and Erie canal, and one of tbe others. The interest on the state bonds for that sum borrowed would be $75,000, the tax to pay this interest would be about lt4 cents to tho f 100. Aa soon as these two improvemenUi are finished, take up a third one . say the Madiron and Lafayette rail road; turn it into a McAdamized turnpike and complete it from Madison to Indianapolis; omitting that part of the road from Indianapolis to Layfay-ette, to a future time. Appjy all the profits of the two finished works to finishing the third. When that is done, take up a fourth work; say the JefTer-sonville and Crawiordsville Turnpike. The great length of this Road leading through some of the most populous counties in the state, to one the most commercial marts, in the western country, could not fail of producing a hancKiome4>rofit, from the great amount ofwogonage, and travelling done on it when finished. Then take up a fiAh work; apply all the profiu of the four finished works to finishing tho fiAb. When that is done; tako up a sixth work; apply the proceeds of all the finshed works to that, until it is completed. Then take up another and but one at a time until tho whole number is gone through; still applying all tho profits of (he finished works to the one undertaken, till all are completed. I can see no practicable plan without burdening the people with e.xcessive taxation but by adopting this gradual mode of proceeding with our improvements. Let us borrow $3 or 4,-000,000; and I believe this amount will bo amply sufficient, if judiciously managed lo finish three or four of the works. If they turn out to be as productive, as works in the east ol the same class, they will furnish a fund sufficient to pay the interest, on the ncxl loans, and the profits of the works as they progress will of themselves, carry on iho works without additional taxation. Tho interest on $8,0©0,000 would be $150,000 the rate of which on tho $100 would be 18 3-8 cent.s; and the interest on 4,000,000 dollars would bo 200,000 and Ihe rate of tax on this would be 24* cents lo the $100. In the prosecution of these works it would be ad-vi.siiblo to lay over till Ihe last, all tho works brought to any navigable wotcr couise—such as tho following: The continuation of the Waliash and Krie canal; the continuation of the central canal no further than from its junction with Ihe Erie canal,lo Indianapolis ortheRlulTs; Northern and (^ross l-'ut canals. That part of the Madison and Lafayette road, belwooii Indianapolis and Lafa.y-elic, aught also lo lie over till the last, as all of those (ire cfMivenient lo navigable streams. Ii is now my sinccre opinion that our works may bo completed wilh a lax of 18} or 25 cents on the liuiidred dollars; and this lax nood not continue long on tho people, if the works prove to be prolit-ablo. if the profits should not pay the interest on thonioiipy e.vpended on them; and aK-w) pay for repairs, ihoy would bo worse than useless, and aiif^bt to Ix) abandoned; or at least su'^peiided until our countiy bocoines moro populous, and ha< a more evtrosivfl cohunerco. I have now ventured lo give my opinion respecting our works for good or for evil. 1 have no moans in my power, at this lime of making any accurate calculations, as lo the future. 'J'hn citizens of ihis county, aught to meet al Blooniinglon on some futiircday, (say the 2lat inst.) and interchange opinions freely, and adopt some nuHle of action, in harmony with the general interests of the stale. And ifourcandidules,donol acqui-escc in our opinions we should tako up and elect one who will. At present we stand U|ion a precipicc, and it is the duly of eervy man to bo up and doing, i believe wilh a madificalion of the works, and prudence & economy in management, we can complete ull our works without serious injury loany;and pious men hereaAer will thank their (lod, that he has brought good out of evil, and wrought a work in our land marvelous in cur eyes. J.\Mi:S MITCIIKLI, Eersists in mowing his twenty or forty acres, and eeping his stock on bay, when fire or uix of those same acres would furnish roots sufBcient, if mixed with the straw which might be grown on the remainder, to keep his animals far better than the hay, and leave the grain crop nearly lu a clear p/n-fit, is clearly acting against his true interests. Again we say to our farmers, ynu did well last year by so extensively entering upon the culture of roots; you will do better this year by greatly extending their cultivatiofl.—Genetee Farmer. [Fnm the National hüeUigetwer.\ IMPORTANT OFFICIAL PAPKRS. ROOTS VICRSIJS H.4Y. We lake the following from a re|>ort made to ihe Massachusetts Agricultural Society, by the Messrs. Colin of Pitlsfield, Berkshire County and wo do it lo show Ihe immense advantage made in substituting roots for hay in feeding cattle, as well as in the quantity of ground necessary to produce a given quantity of focKl. The writer says—"My stock now consists of 1000 sheen, 0 young oxen, 6" cows, a ¡lair of horses and a single horse. I have raised this season Cor the use of my slock 55M bushels of vegetables, and all lo be grated and fed out with cut straw, the cat lie constantly, the sheep one feed a day, which seems to be a necessary fixxi in our long cold win lers: it keeps them in health and also in lloKh. As to tho respective value of vegetable food, the follow ing statement will |)orhaps besi exhibit it. I have commenced feeding and shall continue lo feed,— 14 head of horned cattle with tO lbs. of cut straw each |)er day, 4 cents for each twenty lbs. 66 cents Also to each, IIS lbs. of roots grated, mixed with straw, 3 cents, 42 cents. And now allow 160 days for the season of feeding at 98 cents, is $147,00. The same slock would require 20 lbs. of hay each per day for IfiO days; they would consume 42,000 IIm. equal to 21 tons; at the moderate price oftlO Mr ton $210,00. Balance in favor of root feed 69 dollars, and 1 am sure the stock will appear far bettor at the opening of the spring. lou will perceive that the value of v^taUee for food is six cents a bushel, while bay is at teo, and straw at four. It may b« said that there is some cost in preparing Awd; but this is more than compensated if properly done by the extra quantity of manure made." Thus it appears that 20 lbs. of straw and 8 Ibe. of roots mixed, aflTord more nutriment, and of oouree are moro valuable than 20 Ibe. of good hay, while the actual cost is much less. Fourteen or ifteea tona of roots are a moderate crop per acre, while the average of hi^ will fall considerably below two tons per acre, l^e advantage in favor of the turnip is thus perfectly apparent, and the former who The following Message from the President of the United ^ates was communicated to the House of Representatives on Wednesilay last: Ihtke Hotueof Refresenlalivet of the United States: I transmit, in compliance with a resolution of the House of Representative.s of the llth instant, re ports from the Sucretaritts of State, Treasury, and VVa-, with the documents referred lo by them res pectively. It will bo .«en that the outrages com milted on the Steamboat Sir Roljert Peel, under llu British flag within the waters of the United States, and on the steamboat Telegraph, under tho American flag at Brookville, in Upper Canada, have noi been followed by any demand, by cither Govern mcnt on the other, for rodres.s. These pels hnv« been, so far, treated on each side as criminal oflon cea committod within the jurisdiction of tribunal comepctent to inquire into the facts, and to punish the persons concerned in them. Investigations have been made, somo of the individuals inculpated have been arrested,nnd prosecufions are in progress, the result of which cannot be doubted. The excited state of public feeling on the borders of Canada, oo both sidesof the line, has occasioned the most painful anxiety to this Gitverninenl. Kvery effort hii.-t>een, and will be inado to prevent llio succcss of the-design apparently formed Ac in the cuurso of execu lion, by Canaduins who have foiinda refuge, within our teritory, aided by a few reckless persons of out own country, to involve the nation in a war with a neighboring and friendly Power. Such design can not succeed while the two (lovernmenis apprecian.' ami confidently r dy upon the good faith of each other in the perfonnaneo of their respective duties With a fixed delerinination to use all ihe means iii my power to put a speedy and satisfactory termination to these lx>rder troubles,! have the most coiili-li.lcnt assuranwa of the cordial co-op»?ration of the British authorities, al hoiiK) and in tho North A-inerican posse.s.sions, in tho accoin|di.shment of n piirpos<; Kosincerely and earnestly desired by the (I'ovei nmenis and People {»oih of the United Stale« uiid Ciroat Bi iuitii.M VAN nURKN. Wa-^iiinctmn. IirNT. 1038. A niind)t r of Documents accompanied ihis Mes-the coiHenM of wliK h may begi-nerally infer red from the Message itself. The fwllowing report from ihe Secretory of V\'nr, however, is nf buflicient consequence to bo separated from the rest for^^pobli-culion: DF.rARTlWF.NT OF WaH, JlTNK 10, 1838. Sin:—In relation to so much of the rp.«olnlion of he House of Representatives of the llth instant, Is has, by your direction, been referred to this Do-partuient, I have the honor lo slate thot, on the re-cei|)t of intelligence of the destruction of the British steamer Sir Robert Peel, orders were immediately isSiKHi to the commanding officer at Fort Niagara, to detach a poition of his force lo Sackett^s Harbor; and, bhortly after, Ihe dis|)osable recruits at New York ft Fort Monroe wero ordered, part to strengthen that post, part to Plattsburg, and part to Swan-ton, on the Vermont frontier; at the same lime, measures were taken to employ a steamer, to be manned wilh a competent military force, for police ptiriHjses, on each of the lakvs Krie and Ontario. Tho department, having subsequently received information, communicated by the Governor of the State of New Vork, that the disturbers of public order h«d taken refuge on a portion of the 'I'hou sand lalandii, situated wilhin the jurisdiction of ihe United States, where Ihey were collecting arms and munilionsof war, and engaged in filling out hostile ex|>editions against Canada, Major (iea. Macomb was despatched to Sackett^s Harbor, to lake the command of the forces on the Northern frontier, with instruction lo take prompt and vigorous measures to maintain our treaty stipulations, and lo execute ihft laws of the United Slates, and especially to lobe no time in directing operations against the law less men, who, for the avowed purpose of committing depredations upon the territory of a friendly Power, have stationed themselves on the Ulands in the river St. Lawrence. The General has been since advised to station a guard of regulars at each of the ferries on Ihe river, and at each |K>rt of enlr> on the lakes, in order to prolcsct the |>ersons and property of the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty from any further outrage; and there is reason to believe, from Ibe character and well-earned repuia of that oflSeer, that he will carry these instuctioub into eflToot to the extent the limited force under his command will permit, with promptness and ener the regular forcos in theseeoloaies, and in the Canada», making an aggregate regular force of be-* twcen fifteen and sixteen thousaitd men. Very respectftUy» yoiT most obedient servant, J. R. POINSETT. To TBI PMSlDRNt OF TIIK UmiTKD Sh-iTRS. P. S. The accompanying extracts of hatters received from his exeellency tte Governor of Ne«^ York contain such i^Airmatioo as has been received hy this Departineul on the sulijact of the recent disturbances on the Northern fioeiier. Death of TAT.LRVRANn.—Prince TALUtTtAMn breathed his last on ihe 17ih May, in his 84th year. He had for soin« limo written and addressed to the Pope a retraction of his conduct nt the ftmoliaMre-inony of the Pedemtion, wiere lie forgoc his Episcopal ordination, and conde-scended to bless that democratic and somewhat heathen ceremony. He received ab«olution, extreme unciion, and died in the |»eaceof the Catholic Church; although the Archbishop of Paris, tu whom the Prince had sent a copy of his letter to the Pope, kept aloof from his bedside. King Louis Philippe, however, visited the deathbed of the veteran slalesman, whose respect for etiquette aivl courtly ideas was manifest even in his dying moments. He in.sisted on presenting to the King (II who happened to be with him, and had not un-.Icrgono that ceremony, nnd he acknowledged the King^s visit not as tho act of warm and private friendship, but as"a great honor done to his bouse.^' .Madame Adelaide, sister nf the King, also visited the Prince. Messrs. Thiers and Mole also attended his last moments.—Muruing Chromklé. In an anide on tbe .subject, the Courier Français says: "He quilled life wilh a calmness that could not have been excoedeil by the purest conscience. In death he prest^rved all the stoicism (impassibilité) of his life. He went out of Ihe world like a true courtier, by using flailering words to the King, and like a true diplomaiist, by negotinting Wilh the l'ope, wilh whom, as u consecrated bishop, a niarned priest, and excommunicated Catholic, he had many accounts to sellle." An ArmvofPf.nsionkrs.—Fromn document com-inunicatcd (among others) to the House of Këpres-entaiivos yesterday, it ap|)ears that the number of pensioners on the rolls of the several pension agones of the United Stales at this lime is as follows: Invalid lVn.sioiiers......4,121 Under ucl of IBlb March, 1818 - - 8,930 Under act of 15th May, 1828 - - 692 Uihler act of 7ih June, ia'»2 - - - 26,783 Under act of 4th July, líT3fl ... 1^932 Total niimlK'r of pen=<ioncrB - - - 41,468 Kr/'p i/otrr hnen xharjt.— Vcry likely your grand-faiber, and |>erhaps yotir father, hever heard of sueh a tiling as grinding a hrje; but no matter, try II for yourself , and bee if a sharp hoe does not woik a.s much easier ns n sharp axe.—You wotltd think yourself poorly 'provided for mowing, with-' out lultstone or rifle; and a file for shapening a hoe, is ns necoss'iry, where facility of labor Is consulted, in the field of corn, as tho former implemtntsare in the meadow.—U ene see With regard to''theooooMtr»tloB and movements of foreign troops 0« the Northern and Northeastern frontiers ofthe United dtatea,** the Department is not informed that the regular troops of her Uritanio Mi^y have, m yet, beea statioiNd along the frontier, as it belieted to ha the inttwtion; and service still to be perferned b)r the volunteers a Ipper and Lower CaDada-a force estimated, bv oompeteat judges, at about tweoty-five tbousaiuf men. The r«gu)are now in tlie Canaiks are ten regimeota of the line of six hundred and fifty men each, lo be carried up to fiAeen regiments; two battaUooa of gwrda, alght hundred and fifty men each; two regitneate, each of three hundred men. In New Bnmawiek and Nova Sootia, the regular foroeconsiste of five regiratatathe line of sia hundred and fifty fnen eaoh. It ie areeumed that the usual proportion of artillery will ta attached to Making ^«//«-.--Putiing a plht of cold water dm ing the summer months in each pan of milk when strained from the cow, will nNlterially aid in these desirable objects. The milk will not sour as quick,-and the cream will rise more perfectly. The reason why butter l^oines rancid so soon, is owing 10 the imperfect manner in whi<^ the ntilk frequently soured before churning, is separated fro« the butter. Retarding the souring of the milk by the application of t»ld water, obviates titediflkulty. Ejrcn/fon.—David Scott was hung at Laporte, Indiana, on Friday ibe I6ih inst., fur the mordent Joshua Copeland, in February last. iSte Michigan City (Jazeite says:—"An immense throng of spectators .«urrounded the gallows, a large |iorlion of whom were in female attire.*^ Wd^ne emnty Chronicle. Kanhquale.— OnSalurdsv the dtb liwt. a shock of an eaiihquake was ^.ensibf) felt in Tkirie Haute, ViiKvnnes, New Albany, Leavenworth, Mt. Vernon and I'^vansville, Indiana, Louisville, KeMuelty, and St. I^is, Missouri. At Mt. Vernoii the ■hotk was more severe than at any place We have heard from. The Kvansville Journal of the 13lb mat. says -''1'he ntost snbHtaiitial brick hoUtts weia apparently rocked and jarred so as to ra<m the windows. Wu Icau that Ibo shock was more severe at Mount Veinon ihi^n at Ihis plac«—that there, bricks were thrown from the tops of chimneys, that th* large and new three story brick tavern house belonging to Messrs. James and (ioweiy, and the Mw brick jail of that place were cracked fhdm their bottoms to their tops."—lb. A Baltimore paper says, a huiMn skeletoti IMs been brought to that city from the Rocky Motiniaiaa near the head waters of the MiMouri, id height eight fbet nine incl^s, and weighing one hundred and eighty pounds.^ Two hundred voters of flardin rountf, Hy. haw puUiahed a pledge that they will vole Ibr no can' didata who treats at eleettons. 'Ilutt is right. If a n has no better qualiMentioa than tkM he treate freely on election day, he oOgln M May at hoaw. A company ofcitimas of HarperV FWrry hat* it in oontemplatioa to appoint M Agent to go to the West add purchase about tOfiOOeorea oflaiii^ >art ofwnioh ia lob»dividediaio Iowa lata aadpsH uto farme—and thea 10 make • aettlaiaat at oaaa. A cliartered oempaay with a eapilal af iwa hm-dred thoueaad doUaie ia abaui baia<'w$BBêmé at Cindnnatti, for the purpose of waaufcrtariag tm Sugar. ;

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Publication: Bloomington Post

Location: Bloomington, Indiana

Issue Date: July 13, 1838