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Bloomington Post Newspaper Archive: January 26, 1838 - Page 1

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   Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - January 26, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana                                 w  VOL. 8.  FRIDAY JANUARY d«^  sonsd and ï0bli3hbd evert friuaf  BY M. L. DEAL.  orrxcK on main cuos» strekt, hkst door west of m.W. Hiuux's.  bo pul)-■for  TERM«.  Two flbflarrf in ailvanco, two fifty in six mom!is and three at tho end of tlie year.  iip paper will bo discontinueJ until all arrearages are I aid up.  ' fp5~AvfcBTi9EHENT9 oi tcn lincf or Ic.-'S, lished three ijireeku for one dollar, and cacii additional insertion.  AH advertisements niu^t be marked wi ber of insertions, or they w.ll be inserted ti charged accordingly.  The CASH muft invariably accompany navortrso-nients fro.n a didtanct- or tiicy wi.l not receive atteii-  tion. , , , .  Alllf't'frs and commnnications addroppcd to the editor iiiiiit be free of postage. No variation whate ver need bu e.\|iected from these terms.  list OF AGENTS. The fo'lrtwlns ge:ulem'.'n are requrste^l and nn-thorized to act hk to reccivo Siibscrijitionf,  Job Work, " dverlisiiif? iec. andreccipt for tlii;.same Thomas C. Joit>:-.(>\, Spencer, la. h. h. Tiiboop, Mill lîrovc, l;i. Samuei. U. Smyth, Kowlingg.' t ii, la. Uamauel ftlii-lsars, Fail-fax,la. Wm. liEitoo, lìi^«!- Columbus, la. t* Waymam, Mariin^burii, la. D. A. Rawlini^s, NdW Albany, la. , J. S. Irwin, Louit^ville, Ky.  (îbohcib May, Parkerebiirg, Montirrnicry Co. la. Wm. S. RoBEtTS, Esq., Naslivill.', la. Dr. 1. H. Maxwell, l-'rankfoi t, la. John Battkiion, Grecnc:<8tle, la. George (j. Djvn, Esq. Peilford, lii liana.  CONGRESSIONAL.  HOUSEOF RKiniESB.NTA'nVMS. AFFAIRS OF tHE CANADA rRftNTIER, fee. immedlnfeiy after tho readiii;; of thu Jourtiul — Mr. ADAMS ob^orved that on yesterday, the chairman of th-; Commiitoc on Foreign AiFuirs had, by directiiin of that conimiltcc, prcbeiitod a resolution to the Ilou-ie on a question, the urgency of ■which wna such that it was believed it ought to be iramedi»tcly considered; that Mr. A. had requcst-<!tl UKUgftntlemau to waive the preseniation of the resolution for * few moments, ns ho had nn nmend-nient, which h«5 was preparing, and whieh he desired to oflbr. It had not bten hi« intention to oppose or postpone ihe adoption of the resolution at all. In the report of wliat passi-d, us given in the IntcIligcncer, there was a slight error, which lie would refer lo, not that it was very malerial, but, nil n subject which was at this mnni'Mi; exciting great attention in all parts ofllie niuiun. it was dc-•irable that facts should bo state I « iili the utmost precision. The icptirt represented Mr. A. having witbed tho pfcsentation <if tho nsohiiion waived because it would oeea-iua 1 li ^f; tlii ) .Mr. A. t«d not «aid, for it-was not his own interiiidn to debate the moUer at all. All h^■ bad d.-si.ed was time to prepare his amendment, lie !iad now thai •mendnient prepared; and, believing that bo;h the ' r^solulion and amendment wcro of \ > i y m-  goncy at tfiis moment, he hoped Mn; would  now take up the resolu'ion for cnri^nkM a'.iun.  Mr. WlllTTLIiSEY, of Olno, inqnncd .)f the Chair what effect this would hnv.' en ihc business of the Houbo, after the morning h;iiir slioul.l expire?  The CIIAIR stated that the hour ailottiil by the rules for reports and resolutions was not reckoned W commencing until ihe call for reports was made: and as thai cull had now Itcen innde, the « onsidera-tioncf Ihe resolution referred to by the jientieman from Mast.achnsetts might run iliroujih the whole  day.  WHITTLESEY then expies.se.l his hope that U>o gentleman from Massueluiselis would suffer tho conunitlccs first to b<; called on for reporl.s.  M*. ADAMS said he could not consent, for his pari, lo delay the considcralion of the resolniion for one moment: there was nothing that could eome be-ioro the llonse that would b(! of more imporiancc.  Mr. WniTTLESEV callrd for tlie reading of the resolution, and ihe omcndment which .Mr. Adams projjosed to move, ond ihey weie arcordiiigly read at Ihe Clerk's table. And the (luestion k ing Ad granting leave, by uiianimous cunsent, iiuw lo take up ond consider this rexoluiion.  Mr.PETRIKIN, of I'ennsylvaniii, id.j. ctcd. Mr. ADAMS thcK'upon asked that the ruksoftlie IloufC be suspended to allow iho le-olulion to be now considered, lie snid ho made thi« motion in  consequence of informaliou c(.nlanu;d in the |iubiie  papeiii ol Itiiii nmruing, which went to sin.w that ihopeaco of the United Slates was in the most im-tniwont danger: uud that, not only tV(.in the aets of our own ciiizeris in violnting om Li utraiiiy with a foreig« Power at peacc with llii^ e(.untry, but also from the ads of l!: i;ish sui>jects nnd P.iiti-^h <.'irieers of tlie same churacier.  Mr. I'li'i'KlKlN puihisling in hi ^i l jidlon-Mr. WILLIAMS, of North CaM.lui.i, d.!ii;a,ided that the question « n fus; ending thi i ule Ikj taken by yrasniid nays; which was oidered—1 ¡2 to  Tho yeas ond nays weie taUeii m e /iduitLv, and blood a« follows: Yeas 79, nays 1IV.  Ho the Hou«;e refuut'd losu>|.cnd ihe rule*. The SPEAKER then laid fx-foie tl.e Hoii.-e a n.es-f; ge from'thc Prrsid» nt of the I'nitid t^:at<s, deliv-f rT-d by tho hands of Mr. A. \ an I'r.ien, the Presi i!eMi''s pri\uleSecretary.  .^Jr. .IIOWAliD, chniriiion of tho cennniUeo on I'orcipn Aflair», niovad tho refurn nee of these papers lo that oominittee, and that ihcy bo pnuled; whi'.b WM fi^reud to.  M(t. FILLMUUE, of New Yo.k, slated to the llmiso that b» had that morning received sneti in-' forniAlion fi'rifu Buffalo, in relation to the state oi things on our NorlUowi fruiuier, as leiulen d it his duiy.toaak iMVB'to nreaant the fulluwmg lusolu-iiuu; (Culling on Ibe iWident for any mformaiiou ill hia nntmi'ipni |t)«oooununicution whert ofwill not befiljim^ lb ttie l>uMie interest, on tho qnes lion whether tiie neutrality ofthiji nation had been viohiijd eilber by »uli^a of GKat Britain or by • our rt\»n ¿«iUien».)  Objections being made from several quartPi".? to the offering of the resolution at this time, (which could not bt! done bi;l by general con.sent,) Mr. F. moved for a suspension of the rules.  Mr. WHITTLb^SEY inquired whether it would be in order, after the reports of committees had been gone through with, to take up the resolution of iho chairman of the Committee on Foreign AfTdiirs, togfl^er with the amendment thereto offered by the JUpftorable gentleman from Massachusetts? 'I'he CHAIR replying in tho affirmative— Mr. WHITTLESEY appealed to Mr. Fillmore not to press his motion ol this time.  Mr. FILLMORE soid he could not but deem his solution important in its character; for he did not know but we wcro on tho eve of a war with Great l}riluiu,and that was ii matter of some imporiancc. But he would con.scnt to withdraw his motion for ihf! moment, lohllow of reports being made.  Tho committees were then called upon for reports, and a number of reports were made from dif ferent committees.  After Ihc committees had all been called upon— Mr. FILLMORE asked if it would now be in order to take up and consider his resolution?  Tho CtlAiR remarked that Mr. Howard's proposition, being a report of a commiitce, was first in order.  Mr. ITLLMORE then moved to suspend the rules, for the purpose of enabling hirn lo off«r his resolution. Lost.  Tho resolution reported by Mr. Howard, from the Commiitce on Foreign Afluirs, was flien taken ii|i. as fidlows:  Kcsoh-cd, That the President of ihe United States 1)0 requested to communicate to this House, as far us the same may be consistent with the public interest, all tho information in either of the Depart-nents respecting the capture, by the United States slooj) of war Nalch«'z, of tho Mexican vessel of war the CJeneral Urrea, and its subsequent restoration by the United Stales to the Mexican Government.  Mr. ADAMS moved lo amend the rasolution by adding thereto the following:  "And also copie.'iof all instructions to the officers 'of the Government of the United States and all cor-'respondonce with them, with the Governors of any 'of the States, and with the Governments and ofK-'eeis of .Mexico and of Great Britam concerning the preservatimi of the neutrality of the United States in Ihe civil wars and insurrections-4u Mexico and in any of the British provinces nortleof the United 'States, since the year 1829, and particularly ofa letter from the late President of the United Slates 'lo the Secretary of the Territory of Arkansas, da ted on or about 10th Decomber, 1836." Mr. FILLMORE then moved to amend the amend-neiit by adding thereto the Ibllowing:  "And that the President be requested to coinmu-nicatc to this House any additional information in his possession of acts endangering the amicable re-ations between this Government and that of Great ilniain, either by ihe subjects of Great Britain or 'by our own citizens, on the Canadian frontier, and 'what nicasnrcs have been adopted by the Exccutivc •lo preserve our neutrality with said Kingdom."  Mr. FILLMURIv, in support of this amendment, leniarked that the House were probably awuie lha: th(.'r(! had been, and noW was, a great excitement exisiing on the Niagara frontier,and thatlliere had been movements in Buffalo in refeience to the revolution now raging in Canada. They were also probably aware that an armament had been filled out, mostly by Aniencaii citizens, w hich had made a stand upon Navy Island, which is within British leriitory, in Niagara river, twenty miles from Buffalo, and two or three nnlcs above the'Falls, the low» St |)oint at which a crossing can be effected, safely, fiom the main shore. J.'he line between Navy island, which is well fortified, and Grand Island, which is in the territory of the I'niled Slates.  Mr. Fillmore understood from letters and papers of very late dates, then Lefore him, that there were u|iou Navy Island sumo 1,500 men, who aro undergoing a course of military discipline. He had let-te rs to the 30ih ult. advising him that a small steamboat called ihe Caroline had been taken down Ihe river from Buffalo, to run as a ferry-boat from the American shore to Navy Island. It seemed that on the 29th an armed force come from tho British side, in Canada,and attacked this steamboat, which had Iwen running through ihc day, and which was then lying within the United Slates linos, killing some and wounding others, then siiiring the boat on fire, and bending it over the falls, and, us some accounts alleged, wilh the wounded still remainingon board. And hero Mr. Fillmore read extracts from tho letters, which he averred were from ihe very higlie.st and resiKjiisible «ources, confirming his slalenients as to these incidents. Having done which, he observed lhat hisobjecl now was lo ascertain if tho ex-ecuiive had any information upon the subject.  Mr. HOWARD said that this resolution had keii icj orted by a committee. It wos not in his i:owcr to accept or us,seul lo any amendment; a re mark w hich he would make in relation us well to the amendment offered by Mr. Adams, as to that proposed by Mr. I'lllmore. Tho fuel is indisputably true, that the posiiion of affairs upon the Canada Iroiitier w as full of interest, anU even of jeopardy, to relations existing lielween this Government and lhat of Great Britain. This he should not controvert.  But the remark had bcon mado by Mr. Fillmore and, Mr. Howabd believed, alto by Mr. Adams, in oU'ei ing their res(M;clivu ainendmenltif lhat this Ba> lion was on theove of war with Great Britain. He had regrutted to hear this remark. He tiHMlBd it was not correct. So far as documenta go to ahow thu intentions, and, indeed, tho efforts oi both Oov-ernments, thoy had been, and atill were, directed to tho pienervalion of peace and thetecurity ornoutral-iiy. He trusted that those {a|ei>iiuns would not bo changed, and lhat thosu eflToftd would be continued; und lhat ifihoro w ere no laws now in existoncu to pu venl broache» of neuUaliiy, on tbfl part of our citixeus, lhat such luw^ would be oilacied. He hopvd we were ou thu ove of no suoh war. He bo-lieved wo were nul; but ihat,on llie corktrary, the country was still preserving, and inclinuJ to pres  erve, the niost lofty grounds in »he preservation of neutrality. He knew of nodiffvrences exLstiog between this Government and Great Britain, e.xcepi-ing only that arising out of liie position of Ibe Northeastern boundary g^uostinn. P«irbajMf said Mr. H. this may be lì o I'ght, by some, to bo a favorable opportunity to press lhat subject upon Great Britain; but it was notsO, in bis judgement.  Mr. H. again averred that he thought the country far from any danger ofa war wilh Great Britain, and he trusted a largo majority of the House agreed with him in this opinion. He remarked that the subject had been referred to a committee, (Foreign Affairs,) which would give it a serious and anxious consideration.  At to tho innuiry proposed by the gentleman from New Y'ork, (Mr. Fillmore,) in regard lo the recent events upon the Niagara frontier, they were no ve ry recent thulMr. H. doubted if any official infor mation can have been received with regard lo them Alali events, he was for keeping the informatiou asked for from the Executive, in relation to this sublet, and lhat regarding the Mexican question distinct and separate. He was for keeping each bjl itself. He was opposed to both the amendment: proposed.  Mr. ADAMS regretted that tho chairman of the Comhiitlee on Foreign Affairs had thought it neces sary to oppose the adopting of his amendment, and thai proposed by the gentleman from New York Without intending to misrepresent him, the gentle man (Mr. H.) had imputed to him language ho had not used. He had not said that he thought the country on tho eve of war with Great Britain. He had said that he viewed the nation a.« in imminent danger of such a war; which was quito aeolhe statement, and he hoped that what the House would now do, and what tho Executive would also do, in consequenceof the proposed action of the Hou»e, would avert that danger.  The gentleman from Maryland had said lhat he had now no control orerlhe resokttjon he had re ported from the Committee on Goreign Affairs, and that he was not authorized to assent to the propos ed amendments. That (Mr. A. said) was undoubtedly tjue; but it was also as true that he was not authorized by^ that committee to oppose such a-mendments. He opposed them, if at all, upon his own personal and individual responsibility ; and it was upon that ground lhat be (Mr. A.) was replying to his objections against tho.so amendments. The Committee on Foreign Affairs has no more disented from these amendment!» than they have assented to them. It was, therefore, to be^regretted that such opposition had been made to them by the chairman of that committee, and the more because the gentleman from the New York, (Mr. P.) and himself, (Mr. A.,)whohad o^red them, do not belong to thai majority in the House which, upon every occa-son, arv- expected to "toe the jnark" there. Sir, scid Mr. A , we are likely soon to be called upon to "tuo ti.e i.iu! k" in matters upon which I hope in God we may not be devidod by party lines. We are nearuig, I !i ui, a slate.of thiugs, when it wdl hardly d > lo reject proposi.ioiis upon important matters, beeaii . ihi v do not come fiOiii a particular side of this Ixjily.  'I'he question for'us to consider now is, whether these amendmeals of my friend from New York At myself are proper, in the present state of things, to bo adopted, und not from what quarter of the House they may come. The resolution of the Commiltee on Foreign Affairs alludes to a single act of hostility on the part of an officer of our own Govornnient against the Mexican Governmen', acknow ledge afterwards to have been such by the subsequent conduct of that officer.* I wish, and the gentleman from New York wishes, to givo alitile further in this inquiry for information. We desire lo olitain from the President of the United States all the informa lion in his possession as to the difierences existing between Mexico and this Government and between Great Britain and this Government; information, wiihoui which the House cannot possibly act advisedly and effectively. Ho had (he continued,) offered his pro|k)sition before the Messa» of the President had been transmitted to the House, because he saw the necessity of obtaining all the information in possession of the Executive in relation lo tho diflerenoes existing between this Nation and Mexico on the one side, and Gieat Britain on the other. The message had come in as a confirmation of ihe propriety and necessity of lhat step of bis, referring, as the House would perceive it dovs, as well to our relations with Mexico, as to those wilh Great Britain, and touched upon our Northern as well as Southern dangers. And now all he asked was, that the Representatives of the People should request of Ihe Prosktopt of the United Slates what is the actual situation of the couatrv; what had been done, what was proposed to be done in relation to il; what wai demanded on tho one side, and what claimed on the other. He had hoped thai a proposition so reasonable would havo been permitted to pas.s without opposition. Some oihor rule should Iw observed, he remarked, in matters so momentous, ihan'Uoo the mark." Tbe divisions of l>arty should ^be ,broÌMn up Tupon qucitiions like these, and they who are not ia the coufidence of the Executive should bo permitted to have an oppoi-lunity of doingiheir auty by their common country, as well as the chosen sect.  The chairman of the Committee on Foreign .Affairs, couiinued Mr. Adams, tells the gentleman fron New York lhat if he will, for the present, purge his amendment of so much as relates to *ho suhjcct matters already treated of by the President of the United States, in the Message Just read to the House, he would have noohieetie« to H •• it now stands, ai the proper Hnie, and inadieliacl form. Now, dues not that ((enttemM lyMV tbat if tbe number from New York and n^lf Were lo fbregt) this hquiry  I*  would  upon that iwggeeiuMitaDd.ibd reMtMùon wore' then • tlmt «  to pass, the  never oon» when wtvmighi  bring UB our pfopetitiontt Would Wf IKH be dcclarea out ofi>rder, were we to miikè eueh an at temptf And to w0 should b» piM off iiU* wr^ps. some time in June li«xt^.while, in tlie^inliist'of a war, with the oondle burning at both onds, when our reaoiutionsof inquirjrnn^t be, at least, *'tn or  derî" Thfeinf&rnKitîonWedietband is gskW not alone Ah tho Commitfee otf Fdrttlga Affhtrs. but for the members of this body—fen- their consîdérà-iion aiHl the basis oj't^ir ad ion.  This Message, continued Mr. Anisis, is n very important ont^. It Jeo.aiidS men—it calls fur the expenditure of money—for niilHotfs more to ^ added to the millions already Ijvished in the aliempt to check Indian ho.siiliiies, atxf f..r a purpaic r^ihpr moredeodly important, he would reumrk, thai» tho preventwn of any Indian hostilifies. A giu«t Increase of the Army woù1d become necessàry lo carry out tho suggestions of the President. H«# great an increas3 and how large nn expemltfore, could not sny; prôbàbly nil tJjis would be kOowu when the desired information shall come frtSnl the "Executive. • «  This Mewnge (continued Mr. Adams) says nothing on the sbbjeci of any violation of neutrality on the Ciiiiadu side. Yet, such a Ti<ifatkm, and one of the grossest charnfcter, had actually taken on that side, Und alfmHted, as it appears, té Wsuefe'by the UritisUofficer himself.  , Mr. Adams said he thought iX,jirohable that this Message was prepared before the information whjcii had juMt been laid befoi-e the House was reeeiVed. W&elher this be so or not, this House ; I .velt/u tho Executive, have a part to take in the mattw—sa highly responsible and important part: a duty to perform, in seeing that a strict netitrality is observed on the part of this Government, and also that tho neutrality be not violated on the other side to the extent ofa single hair,' Withont ^emaAlmg and insisting upon the most |ierfect and jiiK aMis-faction.  He hoped that, if the Chnirnnan ofllM Committee on Foreign Aflairs does not reM^tteelf authorised to aocedo to the proposed amendntenti èf hie reso-luiion, the House will feel otherivisè dispoeed, and take such order in reiaiion to the Mbjeet, a» will not postpone the consideràfion of questioiie ao itt)« portant until it shall be too late for any pr«etie»l good purpose>4.  After making such a modification of hit ntsend' ment, as to mokiug it consistent with the original resolution—  Mr. FILLMORE said he could notconeeiv« how his proposition could possibly lend to embarrass the action of the House upon the resolution ollered by the (kirnmittee en Foreign Affaira. It woa certainly very easy for the President to diatlnguiah between the different kinds of mfornwtion aoogbt tor by the diffurent propositions. He bad trie4«r-cry other way to bring his proposition before ÎIm House, and could not present it in any fo^iin whicli would secure its imm«diateconsideraik)n,exc9| that in which it now stood. For ifit Were as an independent resolution, it would lalie itaplace behind all othei3 now on the Speaker^s tâÛè. Its great importance would not permit bim to ejipoee it to such a risk, und he had, therefore, offered it in the form of an amendment lo the original itMolu-lion of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, in which bape he hoped it would pass.  As to the expression which he had used in rela-ion to the disturbances'on (he Niagara frontier, that this country was on the eve of a war with Great Britain, perhaps it was too strong an expression. But certainly all tbe facts demonstrated that there wa.s imminent danger of such a result. The citizens of the United States, while in the peaoefol pursuit of iheir business, had been attacked by an armed force from a foreign nation, and a portion of the militia of the country is even now ordered out to repel such hostility.  He well knew that the spirit of the People on the United Slates side of lhat frontier would not permit them to stand tamely by, and witness aucb assaults. These wore facta, vouched for by respectable citizens, as true, and antbentic; and be must ask if they were not such as to warrant the offering of such a proposition as he bad moved. It makea DO difference, he contended, whether one or one hundred miles of tho territory ofthe United State* has been invaded by the arms of a foreign nation; the jurisdiction of this country is oo-extensive with the utnKMt limits of her territory. Even if tbe vessel which WHS attacked had been carryiiw munitions of war to the revolutionisti on Navy Islood, she was only liable, he contended, to be attacfced while within the British lines. As it was, he a-greed with the gentleman from Maseachusetts, (Mr. Adams.) that there was scarcely a parallel to this act upon the pagesof our history as a nation; and it was to suppose an absolute impossibility, for a moment lo Imagine thot the People on that frontior will over gnbmit to the occurrence of such acts without complaint and redress. It was, therefore in any view,highly iin|)0rtant that the House should obtain all pussible information upon a subjoct ao important-  Mr. IIAMER did not risoto diaeuss the subject at length, and should not hav« opened his lips, bad not »entime0ta been expieased which demanded some notice. It sounded strangely to his ears, le hear gentlemen declariag upon that Qpor, wben aiy op()osifiuD,howev«i slight, is made to ihoir moan ures, that such opposition proceeds from a nudity of that House, who are always required te'HaetiMi Hiark'^ upuu every question that is preaeniedt while ihey, who make thiscomplaini, do not act at all from party motive«, and if not influenced by p«rly feelings. Now, he could easily couoeive that gentleman who really thought thus, would be very «M to give utterance to such sentiments; but be ehouM ihlnkthat they might eeiMtiaif« expect to mwt with opposition from tho other side, grounded up«« motives more purn and disinterested. Hr. Uanm jhen vindicated the objoeik>na taken by tha cbalr-nuiD ofthuOimimitee on P«<pign Anin to tbe auiendmentt propoee4.  Mr, 11. could not agree witii |entlei«ea OmI llii couiilry was either on the eve, or iu; anf Imaliwel danger of war with Great Britain. rn ^Mà M» no sueh signs as otherti IMÎ daeiarH l^k^i |«r> ceived, of such an event. He did ji^ belttv* greatnr calamity could now fall eii tllè wlhte «vil-izod world than a rupture beiwtpi tW»HH|iaw Mi Grewt Britain, for sueb iwportainn tmm IgheHN* to sueh on event beMveen two antia«^baiaé«ifi|h*   

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