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Bloomington Post Newspaper Archive: January 5, 1838 - Page 1

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   Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - January 5, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana                                 i^'lniiiitiiifii^liii«! pmüit  VOL. 8.  FRIDAY JANUARY S, 1838.  NO. 4.  EVITEV a.\d 1'ubi.is1;ed every friday  BY M. L. DEAL.  frrrici on main cnob9 st-tcct, fjest door wxsi of MAJ. Hiiiirr's.  THRMS.  Two dollar« in advaiico, two fifty iu six moutlis tnfl three at the enJot'tlio yonr.  No paper will bo discoaiiiiufd until all arrearages are paid up.  fcJrAvERTisEMEN-Ti ct ten lino^or less, will be pub-liihed three weeks for dollar, and 25 ccnts for each additional insertion.  All advertisenicnis ru-ist bo marked with the number of insertions, or they will ije inserted till forbid and charged accord in';iy.  The cash inuHt in variably accompany advertisements from a diatancu or tlr. y will not receive attention.  All letters and communications addressed to,.the editor must be free of posta2;e. No variation whatever need be expected from these terms.  LIST OF AGEXTS. The following gentlemen are requested and authorized to act as agents: to receive Subscriptions, Job Work,\dvertising Icc. and reccipt for the same. Thomas C. Johnson, Spencer, la. II. H. Throop, ¡Mill (irove, la. Samuel II. Smyth, Bowlinngreen, la. Gamaliel ¡Millsaps, Fairfax,la. Wm. Herod, Esq. ('ohimbus, la. E' G. Wayman, Martinsburp:, la. D. A. Rawlings, Now Albany, la. J. S. Irwin, Louisville, Ky. Gf.orge May, Parkorsburg, Montgomery Co. la. Wm. S. Roberts, Esq., Nashville, la. ])r. I. B. Maxwell, Frankfort, la. Joa.H Batterton, Greenc;istle, la. GEon iE G. ui'nn, Eiij. Bedford, Indiana.  CONGRESSIONAL.  W SENATE.  Monday, December 4, 1037.  The second session of the twenty-fifih Congress convened this day, in^conformity with the Constitution of the lliiitcd States, when the following Senator» were in atteiiUanco  Messrs. Allen, Benton,  Messrs. Novell, Pierce,  Urown,  Buchanan,  Clay of Ala.,  Clay of Ky.,  Clayton,  Crittenden,  Davis,  Fulton,  (irundy.  King of Ala ,  Knight,  Linn,  Lyon,  McKean,  Morris,  Nile«,  Prentis-s,  Rives,  Roane,  Robbins,  Robinson,  Smith ofConn.  Smith of la..  Strange,  Swift,  'J'ii't'in,  Walker,  Wall,  \\ liiio,  ^\■illii^mJ,  Wn-ht,  \ ouiig.  HOlTSEOFRKPRKSEN'TATlVi S.  Monday, Decomber 4 ih 1837.  This being the day set apart hy the Constitution of the United States for the anuuttl meeting of the two Houses of Congress, at 12 o'clock, A. i\L the SPEAKER calUd thc'llouse toorder.  The roll of the members oftho House was then called over by S:a;cs, whon the following answered to their namey.  AÌA!.NE.  Hugh J. AnJersc).-!, 'I'homas Davee, Timothy J. Carter, John Fairfield,  JoiiaiUanCilley, Francis O. J. Smith.  New IL».mi"shire. Charles G. Athorton, J-imes Farrington, Samuel Cushman, Jarcd W. Williams.  MA?SArUUSETTS. John Quincy Adams, liichard Fletchnr, George N. Ìiriggs, Ceorge Grennell, jr.  William B. Calhoun, Levi Lincoln, Caleb Cushing, William Parmenter.  Rhode Isu^nd. Rubort B. Cranston, Joseph L. Tillinghast. C<i.nnectici;t.  Maryland.  John Dennis-, William Cost Johnson,  Benjamin C. Howard, Isaac McKim,  Daniel Jenifer, John T. H. Worthington.  virgini.i.  James M. Maeon, Charles P. Merccr, William S. Morgan, IsaacS. Pennybacker, Francis E. Rive-", John Robertson, Archibald Stewart, John Taliaferro.  Andrew Beirne, James W. Bouldin, Walter Coles, Robert Craig, George C. Dromgoole, James Garland, George W. Hopkins, Joseph Johnson, John W. Jones,  Nof-tii Carolina. Edmund Deberry, Augustine H. Shepperd,  James Graham, Edward Stanley,  William Montgomery, Lewis Williams. South Carolina. John K. Griflin. Georgia.  Seaton Grantland, Jabez Jackson, Charles E. Haynes, George W. B. Towns. Kentucky.  John Culhoon. John Cb"»iiibers, VViliiam J. Graves, James Harlan, Richard Hawes,  Edward Rumsey, William W. Southgate, Joseph R. Underwood, John White, Sherrod Williams. Tennessee.  John Bell,  William B. Campbell, William li. Carter, Richard Cheatham, John W. Crockett, .\braham P. Maury,  James Alexander, jr. William-Key Bond, Ale.\'an<Jer Duncan, Daniel Kilgour, Samson Mason,  Abraham McClellan, James K. Polk, Ebenezcr J. Shields, Hopkins L. Turney, Christopher II. Williams.  Ohio.  Calvary Morris, Joseph Ridgway, Matthias'ShepIor, Elisha VVhittlosey.  RatlifTBoon, George 11. Dunn, John Ewing, William Graham,  Indiana.  William Herod, James Rariden, Alberts. White.  Zadok Casy, William L. May,  Mississppi. Samuel J. Ghoison. Illinois.  Adam Snyder.  Reuben Chapman,  Alabama.  Joab Lawler. Missouri. John ¡Vliller. Michigan. Isaac E. Crary. wisronijin Territory. George W. Jones, dc/cga/f.  Mr. YELL, of Arkansas, was then qualified ani took his seat.  Several uthor members came in during tl;e day. The CHAIR then announced l(i3 members us he ing present, and the^Houso proceeded to|business.  On motion of Mr. BROXSON,  Resolved, That the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions be directed to inquiie into the e.xpedieucy of amending the act entitled ".\n act for the relief of John P. Becker," passed March 3, 1837, so as to allow the said Becker a pension of $98 per annum.  On Motion of Mr. GARLAND, of Va.  Resolved, That the Committee on the Post Ofiico and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of aulHiori.'iiig the Postmaster General to pay to Elisha7a?H.son, ol Virginia, the amountol three drafts drawn on tlie 29th day of December, 1C34, by William Smilh, lato mail contractor, in favor of said Jackson, one for ¡>>237, payable the 1st day of August, 1B35; another for $237, payable tho 1st day of November, 1835; and another for ."¡^23!), payable the 1st day of February, 183G; which were duly accepted by the treasurer of the Department, and have been protesicd for non-pay-metU.  The SPEAKER laid befoie tho House a report of expenditures on tho public buildings for 1837, from the Conunisaioncr thereol'in obedience to the act of 1829.  Also, a report from the Secretary of tho Nav) upon the petition of Cornelius Tiers, in obedience to £a resolution of the House of tho 17thof.Mav, 1836.  A joint resolution from the StMiaic, appointing n Committee on Enrolled Bills. Concurred in.  The private bills from the Senate, the first foi the relief of Elisha Towns, and the other for that of Erastus and Thaddcus Fairbanks, were read twice, and referred to the Committee on Patents.  And then the House adjourned until Monday.  4 \ o\v i;  iin il. o  Au,; 1 your  Elinha Haley, (Jnn Holt, lyiincclot Phelps,  Herman Allen, Horace Everett,  John T. Andrews, Bennet Bicknell, Samuel Birdsall, Isaac H. Bronson,  Isaac Toiicey, Thomas T. Whittlesey.  Veh.vont.  Isaac Fletcher, Hiland Hall. New York.  Robert McCiellmi, Ely Moore, William H. Noble, John Palmer,  Churchill C. Cambrelcng,Amasa J. Parker,  i,other C. Peck, Zadock Pratt, John H. Prentiss, David Russell, Ma.k H. Sibley, James B. Spencer, William 'iuylor, t »badiali 'I'ltus, Abraham \'aiid«rv«cr, Henry \'uil. nkw jersey. John B. Aycrigg, Joseph F. Randolph,  W'illiniii Halatead, CharlesC. Straiion,  John P. B. Maxwell, Thomas Jones Yorke,  PtNN.SVI.VAMA.  William Bonify,  F.dwardCurtis, John lùlwards, Millard Filmore, Henry A. Foster, Albert Gallup, Abraham P. Grant, Thorawt B. Jackson, NathAnielJonos, Arplexed Loomi*, Richard P. .Marvin,  Richard Biddle, , Andrew Buchanan, ICdward I^riingtun, Kdward Duvie», Ji.cob Fry, jr. i'dwurd il Hubley, Il hn Kingcnmiith, jr Tho. -M 1' McKeiiiiaii,  •Mathias Morri.s, Samuel W. .Morris, Henry A. MiihIcnberg, I^emuel Paynl.ìr, David J'flriken, Duvid l'>itiH,jr. Daniel ShcHcr, (Jeorae w 'ì'.jIIuikI, David D. W «gtner  HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIV ES.  Friday, Dec. 15, 1837. NORTHWESTERN BOUNDARY LINE.  Mr. EY.ANS, of Maine, gave notice that to-morrow he should ask lca\ e to bring in a bill authorizing the demarcation of the Northeastern boundary lineol the United States.  Reference of the Prcsidcnt''s Message.  On motion of Mr. HAYNES, of Georgia, the House resolved itself into a Committeeof the Whole (.Mr, Adams of Massachusetts, in the chair) u|)on the resolutions on'ored by himself on a formet day, referring the i'residcnt's Message to the appropriate committee.  Mr. HAVNES so modified the resolution as to include the appropriate reference of so much of the said Message as relates to the subject of tho regu lations necessary to prevent steamboat accidents.  The rtsolutioiis l)t,'iiig taken up svriattm,\)\Q first and second were adopted without debate.  The question arising as to the third, which pro poses a relerence of the subject of the Finances and of the Bank of tho United States to the Committee of Ways and Means —  Mr. ("AMBRELI'^NG moved an additional resolution, by way of uiiiendinent, that so much of the said Messngo as relates to the issue, by the Bank of the United Slates ol IViinsy Ivaiiia, of tho old notes of tin; bunk, b(! relei i ed to the committuo on the Juiliruiry; w hich Mr. Haynes accepted us an additional iiioditication of the resolutions odcrcd by him.  Mr. WI.SE up|i(>sed the rc.solutit.n in a speech of con.siderable k'nglhontlie subject of the Alessage in general; in the course of which ho showed various leabi'iis w hy he ileemed the proposed reference (in tho piesent state of the finances of the country, and in consideration of tho peculiar organization of tlu! coiiiimtec of Ways and Means) as ine.vpedient and improper. Ho was replied to by •Mr. H.AVNKS, who urged tho adoption of the resolution as a matter of usage and form.  Messrs. BOND, of Ohio, and REED, of Mass., followed, in opposition to the resolution.  Mr. B()(of Indiana, made some incidental rciimrks in reoly, and liis colleague,  Mr. I'WING, rospoiiiled; wljen, on motion of Mr, (-'.\.MBIil';LENG, the committe rose.  This dcba'c, which is not yet closed, as appeared by the attempt of several niemberit to address tho Chair ujion the resolution, will be given,ra-tenso, as rapidly a« the reporter can write out his notes.]  The two first resolutions (for reforenca of the  subjects of Fur<'ign Kolations and Conunerco) woro reported to the Hou.se, and  Mr, ADA.MS moved that when this House ad-j>.>urii, it uejoiirn until Monday nent. This motion |)rovailed.  Wednesday's Proceedings in Conlinualion.  Mr. ADA.MS having inored tho reference of the memorials, presented by himself and his colleagues from Massachusetts, on the subjcct of the annexation of Texas to the Union, to a Select Committer, with instructions ic report thereon; and Mr. Howard, of Maryland, having moved their referenco to tho Committee on Foreign Aflairs—  Mr. ADAMS said, that when he presented the motion now under consideration, ho had slated that it v/as with the absent and app.'obation of all his colleagues of the Massachu.3eHs delegation in that House. They had all presented similar mcmoriuls, numerously signed, containing the samo rcmon-stranv^e against tho annexation of Texas to the Union, to those which ho also had presented. Like himself, they too had viewed this question as one of tho deepest consequence to their constituents, and to the whole country; and as a question which involves even the integrity of tho union by which this Confedracy isjbound together; a question, in short, of the most deep, abiding, and vital interest to the whole American nation. For, said Mr. in I he face of this house and in the face of Heaven, lis niy sole.v.n belief that the annexation of I. lent foreign Power to this Governmcm ; f<utn,h', a dissolution of this Union. ; ■ a ■li'iji'c; fjr the peculiar investigation of r.iii.luL on Fo,oi;:n .Xduirs? Mr. A. thoughi it !,) Lc no part of the duty of that committee to ( on.iidcr the subject luutter of these meiDorials; to invo>tigaie that which ;;truc!v a blow at the very vitals of the Government. The question involved was, whefher a foreign nation, (acknowlcdr^ed as such, in most imi>recodcoted niid e\trnnrdiiiary manner, by this Government.) ii «Kition "damn.'d to everlasting fame" by tho rcinstiiution of that tlt.-tested system, slavery, after it had once bcicn abolished within its borde rs, should he admitted into union with a nation of frecMncn? For, sir, said Mr. A., that name, thank (íod, is still ours! And is such a question as this, he further asked, to bo referred to the Committe on Foreign Affairs?  Mr. A. went on to remark, that the exact gmiinJs upon which tho momorialists base thoir prayer are not yet oflicially known to tho House. Ho had said that he had presented one hundred and ninety petitions upon this subject, signed by some twenty thousand persons, and that his colleagues had presented, collectively, a still larger number; and he might have referred to the fact that many other iiiember.«, from other States, had also presented similar memoi ials, on the same f^ubject. His colleagues, he said, did not think it fitting to move the reference to n select committee of any others than those petitions which they and he had presen'.tJ, therefore had not done so. But the grounds upon which the prayer of all of ihen) was based were the same. Different reasons and argumcuts iimy be adduced in support of them, severally, by the different members offering them; but they all 1,ad one subject, and not one of them contained aught which liad the least possiblo conne.xion wiih the foreign aflairs of tho country.  The People of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts who have addressed these memorials to thi.-; Hou.sc, (continued Mr. A.) kave been dc ply alarmed, by the prospect before them, in relation to this subject. They have observed, w ith alai m ii->i unmingled with terror, the recent conduct of tli Government towards Me.vico. They have Ikcm deeply affected with what they have coiiceivol K bo the exceedingly equivocal course of the (iovem-ment, during the last, and, as far as if has g^»«, ul the present Administration, upon the aliairs »¡f Texas. One strong reasoti of this remonstrance, on the |>art of his constituents, arose from the faci that the nation now sought to bo anne.\ed to our own had Its origin in violence and fraud, an impression by no means weakened by the impulse« given by the late and present Administrations to push on thii scnsc'less and wicked war with Mcvi-eo. They have seen the territory of that U< |'id>-lic invaded by the act of the Executive of this lio\-ernmont, without any action of Congress , and thoy have seen conspirators against that republiccommg here, and contriving and concerting their plans o( o|»eratioa» with members of our own Government! And, omidst all these demonstraiipns of the true ■mte of tho ease, they havo heard the bold and unblushing pretencc, that the People ofTt;xas were struggling for freedom, and tlir.t ihe wrong-« m-flictcd upon them by Mexico had dri\«'n them into insurrection, and forced theiu to fight for liberty!  The CHilR re.i.arked that, pending the qii«>>-tion of mere refereni e, it wns tn.t in order to di.^-cuss the subject of the annexation of Tt-.xri.i.  Mr. ADAMS resumed; and remarked, that on« of the grounds of oiijcction set forth in manv of the memorials submitted to this House is the statement that this nu/ton of'¡'oxns oi iginaind in fraud and violence; and the ¡,eiitleman from Maryland demands that this subject be referred to the con»:nilce on' I'oreign Affairs! Why, sir, (demanded Mr. Adams,) what would be the rcjiiy of that committee, to sucl. an objeclion on the part of the mem<»rialistH, if such a reference were made? Would it not be, thaUvith such an obj(;ctio:i they had nothing watever to (IR? That, w lieiher knaves, or robbers, or thieves-with the characier of that people they had no concern whatever in the inquiries it was their peculiar prov into to make? But it did appear, ha must say, to him, that when, if admitted, the State would infuse its venom into the pure streams ofour own country, the expediency of such admission should Ik»carefully and anxiously inquired into,and an opi>ortunity be aflbrded those who make such allegations to prove them Srne.  'I'here had been recent evidence (continued Mr. A.) afforded tho country, as to the real origin of the in-surr3Clions in Texas. A citizen of Virginia, who for years has been ap|>ointed to offices of trust and profit under the lust Administration, has just iaaued a pamphlet in this city, which can be found on m^ at any bookstore, in which the author gives a copy .jf a letter written by himself in December, 1830, to the President of the United States, in which ho declared that, in I'ebruary, 1830, the person oow called President J{ouston did, in this city, disclose to himself, the author of the letter, all his designs as to this then Stale of tho Republic of Mexico—Texas. And whoever will read that pamphlet will find that what that letter then contained as the disclosure of a scheme to be executed ia now a matter of history. It was written, be it remarked, in December, 1830, and discloses the particulars of a conversation held in the February previous; a conversation which detailed the plan of the conspiracy, since consuinated, against the Republic of Mexico, to rob that Government of (he province of Tex-  After this disclosure, (said Mr. Adams,) let gentlemen arise here, and talk to us, sir, about Texians fighting for liberty!—about Texians driven to in-siirrectúm by tho wrongs inflicted on them by tho Republic ofMcxico!  Mr. A. then inquired what were, in reality, the pretences upon w hich the disseverment of Texas Irom the Mexican Government was justified. He ^^aid, that as early as 1824, the Legislature of tho Republic of Mexico, to its eternal hotior, passed an act for tho emancipation of slaves, and the abolition ofslavcry; and the only real ground of rebellion again.it the Government of that Republic on tha part of Texas was that very decree: the only object of the insiirrcclion, the revival of the detested system of slavery, & she had adopted a Constitution denying ever to her Legislature even the power of ever emancipating her slaves.  As a further reason for not wishing to refer these memorials to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Mr. Adams said that he wished to speak respectfully of the gentlemen composing that committee, but he must say that it was not constituted in such a manner as to induce the belief that this report would be ' in accoidance with tho w ishes of the memorialists, w ith th«) presentation of who.se petitions his colleagues and himself hnd been entrusted. At Ihe head of that commitice is a gentleman (Mr. Howard) who is, himself, a slavholder, and, it was to bo feared, w ho entertained a widely diflerent opinion, us to the morality of the institution of slavery, from that held by the great mass of the memorialisU. Mr. A. said he had leason, even, to fear that that genileman favors tho annexation of Texas to this Government, and he feared and believed that such I were the sentiments of a majority of the committee of w hich that gentleman was chairman, and to which he now proposes to refer these petitions. Independently of all ho had said, Mr. A. moreover cooteo-ded that it was strictly conformable with the parliamentary rule, w hen committees are to be appointed to consider the prayer of memorialists, to appoint a majority ofsuch committee in favor of that prayer. This seemed to him as one of the incidents of free-lom of peiiiion itself, necessary to carry out and perfect that freedom; and he contrasted the character of a committee thus appointed, with that of« , acked committee; instancing the Committee of U ays and Meand of tho House, which, he remarked, could pa'is upon |.e\i;ions of the people without so much us reading them in committee, as had been ac-kiiow lfdged by ih e majority of that committee in a ¡ publication, to w hich their signatures wore affixed ' in the pa|<ers of that day. And yet, sir, added Mr.  il were better that such should bo the fate of such memoriuls as those under consideration, than that they should be referred toacommitlee constilu-teil like tiiat to w hich it was proposed to refer ihem, by the gi nilcman from Maryland.  .Mr. Ailaiii-s uguin alluded to the fuel that six out of nine of ihe c:ommiitee on Foreign Affairs were slaveholders; and he took it for granted that every me'iiber of tho House who was a slaveholdar was leady li.>r the uniie.vutiou of Texas to tho Union. This iiMBsuru iinoIvtHl a principle with these Mntl«-men; for its uccumplibhment wax aiought, not for ih® aciiuisiiioii ul' so much new territory to the country, but as u new buttiosü tu tho tutteriug ius'.ilution of .shivery.  . LEG.MvE, of South Caroliua, here interrup-led Ml. Adams, and remonstrated against the reil«-ruiiuu of remuiks, which, if the latter would but fell, oi, hu averred, would bo acknowledged tu be uu-  louildcd.  Mr. ADAMS claimed the right to gn OQ without mturruplioii, and calltxl the geutlumun from South Carolina tu order.  Mr. LEGARE was understood to say, aa he sal down, that the time for this discussion had not yet eome, though it soon might, a»d advised the gmti«-mnn fiom .MassHchusetts, that "iufficient untQ iha dav IS tho evil thereof."  Mr. RllE r r, of StiUth Carolins, hoped the   

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