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Bloomfield Democrat Newspaper Archive: May 20, 1892 - Page 1

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   Bloomfield Democrat (Newspaper) - May 20, 1892, Bloomfield, Indiana                                 rafffflü im  \T  '"TO NOV. 15TH.  THH  5  Bloomfield  süBsom Uta  —AT—  ^CENTS A WE Ele  TO NOV. 15TH.  VOL. XXIV.  'State  BLOOMFIEIJ), INDIANA, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1892.  NO. 10,  vr i ^  J  w  It Was (Yi'atcil ?iiul Fostered by the liepiiblicaii Party.  The School Fund Sequestered by the "War Governor."  Iiior<:is<- i>l the State Debt CaiisiMl  l.y tlif i;i. < ti..ii of I-ublir i;iiihUii};H.  Th«' It.fmi.li.i- .\<t «if ¡4 I><'in<><-i:(lir K. <lii, 4-, tin- Iiit<'|-<-»t Ovt r  <»iit. HiMiai. il Tlioii^aiia Dollui-s.  The Dem. n r.itic i>;irty did not create the state lie!It.  Tlie oflicia! r:cord< in tli»-state lionse will verity ti:i.N stati'm.-nt.  Take til.' tlire- j^er cent, school fund refundinir l>ond.> for exaini»le. This iebt. am. .untin,' to nearly^t.O'WJlDi), wad L'l-eateil by (i. .vrrnor Morton. Without legritilative until, nity the "war governor" laid his han.i in the school f un«l to meet the obli;L'ation^ ' >f a rc-ckk-ss Iiei)ublican adniinistrati« m.  Thi.s scliool fan<l. ainonnting to  rejiri-st-nted the ¡iroceeds of a certain ¡K-rci iitajie of the earninird of the old state bank, set apart for a permanent sch.x.l fund. Morton having "borrowed" this fund, bonds wero issued by snb.sTijnent legislatures bearing 6 per cent, interest payable semi-annually. These bonds weiv held in trust by the state treasurer for tlie school fuu'l. They were known as school fund bonds, and dated foli- .ws :  Ko. 1, Jan. 1. I'v.T..............s T(V,t.ft>4 s.5  No. .1, .Ian, Lii. Isj;:............. :2,(r)S.()r)T  No. 3. May 1. ..........................oO  Ko. 4, .]:i!i. •J>t. K;............. i;4.TT(l (t()  No. 5, May 5. .............. IT"),?«? 07  The interest amounted to annually.  The i>jmocratic legislature of 1889 »nthorized the refunding of this debt at B i^er cent. In the del)t statement of the auditor's reivovt for isss, the bonded debt is ¡)lacrd nml-r the head of '-domestic debt." and dcscribcil as "echool fund bonds No. 1, No. 2, etc."  With last auditors rei>ort (1891, p. 43,) it -will be found under the title of "foreign debt." and cla.s-ed as three ¡kt cent, refunding scho.,] fund "Itonds dated June 18, 1889. and payable at the ¡deasure of the state June 8. 188'J, due June 18, 1909."  The bonds sold at a premium, and with the ¡iroceeds the state redeemed five school boTi<I-. Tlie money was then distributvd among the counties and loanefl out by the county auditors in sums of not exct^eding $'2,000 at 6 per cent, interest. This Democratic financiering saved th ■ state !!:117,267.1G annually in interest, and at the same time placed in circulation within the state Dearly ;i4,0<:Mj.(iiKt.  While the Democratic ¡larty is entitled to the cn-dit of refunding this debt, the Republican ¡»arty is responsible for its creation. The total amount of interest actually p ;id on this Re¡)ublican debt by the state .-ince its cre ation until refunded was ^i.i»s.").T40. yince it was refunded the state has p li.l in interest ^31,801.42, making a total of s."),!]?,-541.42 which the stat ¡laid in interest j on the Morton del It. In order to meet this inter<_st oftt-n t-mi)orary loans had to lie made. Ha l ir not Ix-en for this annual drain <jf :i:.':!4.28i».9J the stiite would have manag-d to pull through without resorting to loans. Adding the money actually ¡»aid out on account of this debt to the ¡irincipal we have ^9,-L'22.a24.G4.  For this debt the Republicans can not point to a single public building.  When Porter l)ecame governor the debt was It was !i;t.8.')0,-  B50.3T, with a .leficit of ^'iDU/WO, when Grovernor Baker turned over the executive office to Governor Hendricks. When Porter retired the debt was $6,-008,o00.34.  In l8Si an a-lditi nial Inirden was placed ujKjn the state without providing means for the raising additional revenues. Three additional ho.-pitals for the insume were authorized to Ije erected. Six million.? of dollars were appropii-ated.  tiovt rrvir Porter a¡.¡t<jinted a commis--ion. of whicii he wiis the hfa<l, to construct r.nd eípiij) the new Iniildings. All tiie work v.iis planned and contracted nnder Govtin .r Porter's administration, | bat it was under Governor Gray's admin-Lsiration tliat the money had to be paid. The cost of constnictii^n and efpiipmcnt was $1,418,091 .¡39. Since the.se in.stitutions were oi)ened up to Oct. 30. 1S90, the cost of maintenance was ^503,729.79, making a total of 5:1,9.3.1.883.1«, and which the state had to borrow.  Then the legislature of 18^7, with a Democratic senate and Republican houte, authorized the erection of the Soldiers' monument and the Feeble Minded school at Fort Wayne. The monument ha«^ already cost $1G9,219, and an additional tax of one-half cent on the $100 valuation has been levied to raise enough money to comjdete it. The Feeble Minded school has already cost the state over »100,000.  Up to 1887 a state house tax levy of two cents was levied each jear. The failure to renew the tax made it neces-eary to borrow ^'OOJMM) to complete and cqnip the state house.  state Debt. uxuEn GOVKI:NOI; i;.\KKI:.  ISTO.............................í4.<ii;r,.y)7 M  1871............................ :V.«T.K21 00  isri........................... 4.s.-.<i,s;*( .37  UXDEU GOVKKNOI; l!i:M;i;ir;;s.  l.Ca............................f4.s;M,881 33  1874...^..................... .0,077,538 34  W75l ............................n.'XrvVM 31  1S7& ........................... .-..ft«,.-»38  UNDF.U GOVKUNOi: WH.U.VMS.  1877.............................f*r>..-vi<i  1H7H. ......................................................4.!•;^^.^7-  1H7;<..........................................................4.i>'.rs.]rs  18S0.............................  V.M'K:; (.oVKicNoi: ÍMI;T¡;I;. »  18R1.............................-Vt.srd.W  IKHa............................. 4.'-:7V,,r,((S 3J  1x83.............................  ISi«.........................................................3i  L Xi)Ki: GOVI.UNOI; GliAV.  1885.............................S»;.01'i.fyK) ni  188 6............................. (■,.(m,(/Ji  188 7.............................C.4:>'),(i08  ......................... G,770,608 2Í  X  ^ /A J^i^  ARRET  Not Ksseiitlal t(> (he Prosperity uf Our Farmers.  Farms Ur.ti!! 3d Where Factories Exist in Profusion.  r  < <>11 I <■■.•^1 I). <^s N. ulal.-.l tin < 1. iiiK oí  .■III.I M.Ivs.KIIII  H.-re. L-t us : ou a bit uf lauti from thr ne;M-.-market. Tlur, hiîii; Ik; caiiiior  I'« !!-, v\ li.v J armliij; i| i <'t ioli 11 as I)<'|>«»i»-iii tlie ."»laiusfactur-\<>rU, CoiiiisM'tioiit  tl-  i of her large t->wns is a manufacturing ceiiti'r, and throughout the state, clo.so to every otie of the old farming centers, i'xt'.'ii.sive factories, mills and workshops have a.ssured to the farmer wluitever advantages the ÌKfst po.s,-;ible "home market" c.in give. Not merely this, but the state as a wliolc has increased in wealth with un'".^;aiui)led steadiness and rapid- j ity. Sin -i' tlie war the vineyard interi'st has lieconu' an cnorinou.s o;ie in her lake ivgiou; she has become first of the I northern states in Iruit cîiltur.-; her old ! rirli f;iruii;ig localities are toilay better , worJved air! more fruiiful tliaii ever,! and ¡1er far liug iniic.ilation not decrea.-;-as a wh ili'.  I If/?7" £ graham  Kì/ERyBoors MERGHATS  l^OUSING BIG STOCK VHE PLACE TO BUY GOODS  ■ì'.y, as a farnuT, locatcl OH" huui'.red luib's away t (. ity. That city is Iiis tire farmers all about S 'il lo thcni cither hi.i  A BAD BREAK IN PROSPECT.  I'M;.::; .............  is;*).............  ili ii TO DEFEAT CiS  ,1  a  A U<'|iiil>Ucaii Slu'ft.  The American Farmer is the title of a neatly jirinte 1, ¡»rofusely illustrated periodical publi.shed in Wa.sliington by Mr. Rauni's financial friend. Pen.-ion Solici-t^ir Lemon. While puldished osteiisibU for the advancement of agriculture, a glance at the ¡«iges will readily convince even a wayfaring farmer that its object is to influence ami control his political action rather than teach him what Pen sion Solicitor Lemon "knows about farming." The trick v»Muld 'ue .shrewd if not so transparent, and Mr. Lemoi, and his party will find that but few <^>t the hone.-t. unsuspecting farmers will be enticed through its dtceptioii into Little Ben's parlor.—National Democrat.  The Kepiihlieiiii 3Iachiiie Oiled lor That Very Purpose.  'Blue Book" Being Utilized by Harrison Men  To Bring About the Governor's Downfall.  stajile product.-, or the occ.'isional snr-plus^or fruit or garden stufi which un-nsualh" gooil .^casons may bring uiioii his íiaiids. The cost of transiiortatioii i.s so much talieu f rom his iirolits.  Here sti..s in the protectionist.  Till're can b-priisperity of tii f!i<>re can bs' eiju.illy litri Bhare »»f that [iro farmers. Do they s'.iare if/  Till- Tii!>;uii 's T<-stiitt»iiy.  O ipi siioa as to the stale of Ni".v York;  that a great t rity is da J to her  All che novelties of the season.  New goods arriving daily. .•; :•: >; Doing the crade of the counw. * *  Joliii Sli<-Mii:iii Not \Viiiil«'«l.  The suggestion that John Sherman ■ Las been chosen as the candidate of the ! eilver men to defeat Harrison is almost [ too absurd to merit denial, says the Col- j orado Sun, a liepublican organ of Den- j ver. John Sherman is the worst enemy j that silver ever had in the United States senate. As secretary of the treasury ht was under the a1)solute control of Wall' street, and since that time has nevei lost an opjK rtunity to give the cause of silver a black eye.  Several times, on a fair and untram-meled expre.ssion of sentiment, the silver men have had an oi»})ortunity of so fai coLvincing their opponents of the force of the argument for silver that they would have .secured free coinage, at least to a limited extent, had it not been for John Sheniian, who, by jiariiament-ary delays and other obstacles, hr.s forced a comi>roniise. giving up a little in order to prevent the adoi)ti<jn of measures favoraljle to the silver interests.  This was notably the case at the time ■of the passage of the Jones-Sheniian bill. Tliis was not what Mr. Sherman wanted, but he was forced to accejit it or submit to defeat. Tl lis, like all other half-wav measures, has been a delusi(m to the silver men. and, of all men in the world, John Sherman is the hut that should be chosen to reiire.s' nt the (ipjiosition of the silver men to Mr. Harrison. President Harrison hiiuself is not a worse enemy to silver, and The Sun does not believe it possible that the friends of silver will ■commit the imprudence of choosing iiherman for a standard-lteaicr.  Tarift- I>e)>Hon.  Mr. John Jones, of New York, is an imitorter of woolen gooils. He tele-^aphs to his agent at Liverpool to buy ^100,000 worth of woolen gocxls and ship at once. The goods are promijtly purchased and shipiKid, just ^100,000 worth. When the goods reach the wharf at New York city, the custom house officers come aboard to verify the schedule of the cargo and the goods are stored in the warehouse where the duty is determined.  The goods arc found to be woolen cloth and according to the new tariff rates, Mr. Jones is comjielled to pav, before he can dispose of his goods to the trade in this country, a tariff duty of forty-nine and one-half cents on each pound, together with GO per cent, on the original cost at Liverpool, making a tariff of $70,000. The goods will thus have cost Mr. Jones by the time he has them ready for the market in thi> country, 1=170,000, not taking into account the shii)j)inr expenses.  Mr. Jones now sells to the wholesale merchant or to the jobber at some profit of course, he in turn sells to the retailer at a profit, and ihially the retail merchant sell.'! it to the consumer ata profit. We thus see that all the profits and all the exfHinses are charged up to the con-«umer and it is he who f(jots the entire Ijill. Verily, the tariff is a tax and the consumer pays it.—Richmond Sun.  How the Twine Trust Was Knocked Out.  The New York Press illustrates the following with one of its fearful and ■wonderful '-tariff jtictures"  Fanners, the frt-e trade orator tills you that the wicked tariff robs you ))y encour-aifing the binding twine trust. Mayf>e he knows that the averaee price of four gnules of binding twine La.s fallen from 12.7.5 cent-s a pound in 18!*) to cents in 1H!M, but he isn't going U) dwell on that fact. You must study the facts for yourselves when free tnule orators indulge in glittering generalities.  The silhness of the above is apparent to all. Why is binding twine cheap, and how was the trust knocked outr By reducing the tax on t\vine from three cents to seven-tenths of a cent per ix)und. Every war-tax organ in the country, including The Press, said the binding twine trust was not aided in its robbery by the tariff, and yet after the tax was reduced, that paper dares, in the face of an intelligent public, to make such comment as above quoted —Rushville Jack-■ODian.  The I'!ir.K<iii-<iov«Tii»r C'oiiililor«'«! I'li-availahlc by l-cad.-rs of the G. O. I', and :ir«' Scli<-iniii;; to SiiU'tracU Him for a Coniproiiiise Man—Uaili-o:k<l Mou MuU<- ScriouH Charj{«'8 A;;alii.st Gov-C'riii>r Chax'.  Two weiks ago the Republicans were instructing for (Jovernor Chase at the rate of two counties per day. Lately the liarson-goveinor's name has not been mentioned freciuently by Re¡>ublicau conventions.  The "uninstructed" delegates to the Fort Wayne convention, which are now being elected, is the result of the (juiet, but eilective w<jrk, of Chairman Gawdy and his "slick six" a.ssisiants to in'e-vent Ciovernor Chase's nomination.  Word has been sent out t<j the ^lost-masters and other Harri-son Reimblicans to prevent instructions for Chase wherever jKissible. Here in Indianr.polis, the Harrison managers, like Rhody Shiel, are out.si)oken against Chase.  They are opjio.sed to him, they say, because he would be a load on the ticket. Jlanaging runaway coujiles in the executive rooms of the state house, they contend, is undignified for the governor of the great state of Indiana. That is what the i>arson-governor is charged of doing by the Han ison managers. They also believe that by making political si)eeches during the week six working days and ¡ireaching on Sunday would lose Chase thousands of votes and pull down the national ticket with him. He would lose the votes of a great many church communicants who do not believe in the "preacher in i)olitics."  But it is the "Indiana blue book" they most fear.  This document is a book of eighty pages, with a blue cover, upon which is a cut of a railroad man standing at the entrance of the state house with a big club, upon which is inscribed "ballot." This "watch dog'' of organized labor is jilaced there to warn candidates that this club (ballot) will be used to crack the political head of every man endeavoring to reach an office in the state house unless his labor record is unimpeachable.  The "blue book" is the official report of the Indiana legislative board of Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.  This board was created for the pur-I)ose of securing certain legislation through the last legislature. The principal measure advocated bj' the railroad men was kuov^n in the legislature as the "Inman co-employe liability bill." Under the existing law an employe receiving an injury through the negligence of another employe of the same company caí» not recover damages. For example: An engineer injured in a collision caused through ibe blunder or negligence of a train disfjatcher a hundred miles away, can not recover damages, because the train dispatcher is a co-employe. A passenger injured at the same time can recover. The Inman bill aimed to remove this discrimination.  The legislative ccvnmittee appointed by the railroad men passed the bill through the hou.se successfully.  According to the "blue book," it was strangled in the senate by Lietitenant Governor Chase. The railroad corporations fought the bill, but it finally passed the senate with amendments. The railroad men were not satisfied with the amendments, and they were not concurred in by the house. A conference committee consisting of three members from each house was apiwinted. The members from the house were appointed by Speaker ITiblack and were friendly to the measure. The president of the senate, Lieutenant Governor Chase, likewise apiKjinted the senate conferees. Here is where the railroad boys charge Lieutenant Governor Chase with packing the committee in the interest of the railroad corporations. On page 37 this reiiort says:  We knew that we must have at least two friends t.f the bill on tiie committee. So Brother Alley (Republican) went to the lieutenant g<ivernor and made a re-queet that he would put friends of the bill on the committee. He said, "Y'es." •'I asked him," said Mr. Alley, "that he allow me to name them. He said, 'Yes.' I did so, and he said, 'put them down.' I pulled a slip of paper out of my pocket with the names of Shockney,  Howard and Clement.-i. I thinlc. Ciiase appointed Burke. F;ilk and Shockney."  P>roiher SAv:;i)iier lie.ird 11. M. Johnson, coiiL'ressnian from Richmond, coach him (Chase) and say. "Appoint the committee at once ami save yours-elf em-barras.-iiieiit." Tlie coiaiuitti'e failed to agree and uinler the rules another committee was (o lie aiijiointed.  "Then we worked hard to get a .second coniiuittee," .says the njiort. "and got: tlu-hon;ie to agree to ajipoint iiiiotlier, ' all friend-i of th-.' bill. So we went to j the senate» and Protlier Alley wrote a a note to the jJivsideut as follows: laeuleiiaiit (!o\criioi^ ('h;ise:  DiAi; .-'11;—Tlie eoiifei-elKe eoiimiittee lia\ e dis.-ign-eil o:, ! he liiiuan liill No. -l.Vt. ■ 'I'lie house will ,oiiioi:it oiiether coiuinittee ! t'lat ai-e fi-ieiids to it . If consist,-uit. (•.•Ui not a eoiuiiiittee of the senate, cliibraciuLT some of tlie following friend:^ of the bill be a^i- i  pointed: lioyd. 1 lo ai'd. Iiu:<;lsin. '  KJIison. Mount, CleTn.h'en.s, (iihuan. 'I'liis istliela.st stiau. tlie last hoi»-, .uid v, e an ' lixikiii^: tiiwanl jou to ^.i ve u-v 'S'ou eaii ilo.-<;i if you w ill, •■unt will nvei\-e the idrati -tUiU-uf thous.uids of railway employes in this state. Kesjiertl uliy.  I.i;(.isi,A 1 iVK Co.M. K. K. ENiri.oY ¡-.s.  "Now, when the next committee was named they were worse tlian the first,"" says the report, which goe.s on in di;tail to .show how the bill wa.- lost through the action of the lieut<n:uit governor. Grave charges are ma le as to his motive for so acting.  The Rei»ul)lican managers intend to defeat Chase's nomination with this blue booic. They are circulating it wiiere it wiil do the most good.  Fort Wayne was selected for tlie convention with a view to ÌMÌ (.if Clia.se. It is a large railroad center, and it is tlie intention of the Reiiublic.-in bo.^.ses t(j caitse a spontaneous anti-Chase demonstration the iii,;;ht liefore t!ie convelli ion among r.-ulroad men. TJie conveiiùon will be lieM .so late tiiat th.^ iaruiers will ! bL- unable to jitteud. ;t;il tlie proxies may control the coiiveution, j  The .sclieiiie (.f the bo.-^-ses is to l>rii.gj out a large imniber of candidates in j order to prevent Chase's nomination on the first ball.it. Then spring on the cou- j vention a ci ■uiiironiise t'audi<late. Tho Journal has labored hard to imluce Huston, Wallace, Porter, Steel#, Chambers, Grifiin, Studebaker and others to enter the race.  To show that Chairman Gawdy is unfriendly to Chase, tiie location of tlie state committee's headcpiarters at the Randall Hou.se dur ing the convention is cited by the friends of Chase. Governor Chase long ago engaged parhjr.s at the Wayne hotel for headquarter-s. Chambers jacked out rooms ¿it the Randall. Gawdy a few days later gave up his intention to locate at the Wayne when lie discovered that Chase would cami) there and secured the rooms adjoining Chambers" at the ll;indall.  Cha.se says. "They can defeat me, ¡but they can't cheat me out of the nomination."  Ihe K<>a<I OtK-ntion.  Roads are now being worked. It is the duty of the pe<iph' to insist that the time and money thus euijiloyed be ex-iwnded to the best jio.ssible advant;;.ge. No subject is of more vital imjiortance to our iieople. Roads that an-projierly graded at this sea.son. wiil lie good tlie ^ entire year. Every citi/.en of Indiana j would be greatly lieiielitted by good roads, hence he should Ik- aroused to tlte | importance of using his influence to secure this desiralile object.—Coltsburgh Journal.  Concerning the elevation of John l Wananiaker to the head of the jio.st-; office dejiartnient, William Dudley j Foulke. of Indi; na. s;iys: "In thi.-^ ap-1 pointnu-nt we have re:'i< hevl the low-j water mark of American iiolitics."' Mr. ! Foulke describes hini.self a.s a lifelong. Republican and .says he supported liar-i rison in 18S.M, but pithily remarks that he thinks his state will iro Democratic this fall. The impression gains grijund that the president made a bad bargain when he sold the iiostoflice department to Jolin Waiiamaker for iJlOO.OUO.—Chi-1 cago Times. ;  (Unnanion Kills DUcasu Gertns.  After prolonged research and expiiri- j mentin Pasteur^laboratory, M. Cham- 1 berland is reported to have come to the ! conclusion tliat no living germ of dise i.se ; can resist the antiseptic power of essence of ciimamon for more than a few hours. It destroys microbes .as effectively if not as rapidly as corro.sive sublimate.—New  York Journal. j  ——  Moon iti All Ki;;ht.  The Indianapolis Journal, through the mouth-piece of the Ri>chester Republican, quote.s Sidney li. Moon, Democratic candidate for reporter for the suiireme court, as being a "pretty good all-rovind fellow." The Journal would have its readers believe that Sidney is no lawyer and is incompetent. It would really make us smile if The Journal could find a Democratic candidate that would not te objectinnble.—Muncie Herald.  The followiu c i-^ published in the New , York Tribune, t'.i.' great hom > market' org;in : j  ••S;at(( As.se.s:-;or.-i Ellis, Wood and There is in tins region, say,'a stream ca- I ^Vi]li;ims are ni:iking their annual vi.si-1 paljle of abuiKlant water'power. "Let j t'^tion t^) the .several counties selected, us put a woolen mill here," the protec- y^-'-^i"'« in-^pection. Each year ^  tionist urges: "let us agree to pay some- ^he condition of affairs in  thing m.n-e tiian we pay now for'woolen ! ^he counties, so th;it it makes their ; stuffs, and .so make it an object for some county once every two'  one to come here and start a manufac- | Saturday they looked into Albany ^  tory. Hundreds of hands will be em-, tomorrow tliey will visit Stdic-,  ployed; the railway will be put through ! "<-'ctady.  We will build up a town right in the midst of our farms and have a market  " 'We find a general deiireciation in the value of farm lands," said Asses.sor  at our very doors. Good prices then for j Wood. 'We have visited fourt-een coun-everytliing."" It is done: the mill is ties—Monroe, Erie, CaantUKpia, Catt;v-Vuilt, the railway is laid, the town grows Clienango, Broome, Delaware,  up. And the f:irnier—what of him"/, Fi'ii^'l^li'b F.s-^ex,Wash-1  Strange to bay, we presently find him Warren an<l Albany counties. In  ! all we find the same condition of affairs.  ^etling ¡Riorer. Where is tlie  they buy,  Dut this is not all. The promise of high- r prices lor wiieat in the "homo marki-t" calls for scrutiny. The appeal, sifted down, com.':; to this : "I'ension a number of corn consumers to come and buy of you. Sul-sidize an army of artisans to .-settle at the farm gate. Pay  your abun.lanoi-."  Wlu rc lla., tli< Mom«) .1Iurk< t Goik-?  Thi s however, is not the wor.st. It is but f;ur to ;idiiiit t!i;it though the pro-t. ctiiiuist w;vS ;dw;iys ;it fault and the farmer never lielpeil by "¡irotection," }et tliat, in f-u-t, the farmer did once h;ive the "home market" for which ho liargained—paltry as miglit bo the whistle for which he had p;iid so dear, lint nowa l;iy.- the're is no sucli thing as a "home uiark( t"" for any considerable jiortMii of his pi-oduci'. The farmer in tile Genesee\;i!ley Hot merely .sccs the tr;iins run ¡liist hiiu to Rochester, laden with Hour lolled in Minneapolis from Dakota wli. ;it. but uses the same flour in his own iiousehold, and liis village butciier sells fresh meat from beeves killed ;it Kansas City. No manufacturing town ih'e.'ims no\vad;iys of looking to till.' locali'y jibuut it for an\' sujiidies, except only the che;ipe.st ¡lart of its "garden truck."' The lalior markets of the world are ojien to the American manufacturer, who thus has free trade in the one thing he Imys most of—labor. He lives in a laud where transport facilities are so developed that he need not depend upon the locality about him—and he does not in a locality who.se suridus of fooil jiroducts is so great that their first price-fixing markets are ftmnd at Liver-jiool, a free trade city, and so ho gets them, too, at free trade rate.s. The  ¡)ound, and other products are e<nially low. This is good for the consumer, but bad for the producer. A few years ago we.stern batter was not w.iute 1; today it gets the cream of the trade in New York city. Li a few years y.ni will see the present owners of farms in many instances tenants on them.  " 'The ciiies are ¡irosp.'ring though. New York city has added about ¡^jO.OOO,-000 jiroiierty to its real value the pa.st year: Brooklyn has added between ^20,-000.000 and .-itja.oOO.O.);) to its real property; Buffalo has incre;i.sed $>,000.000; Rochester b -tween l,0i)0 and  0!)U,(li)0, and Alliany and Syracuse i^l,-U00,0i)0 e;ich.""  The Home Market Club.  But there is one iioint further. As the home market is to be a b,.'neiit to the farmers, of course it is tht? farmers who have organized the Home Market club, of Boston, \. hich is doing so much just now to uiihold this beneficent system of protection, Bvtt the fact is that it is the manufacturers who are doing it. not the farmers at all. It is as if the people of the Cannibal islands should organize a missionary immigration society as a sure and easy way of getting a meat supply.  The home market theory may be  American farmer has sold his birthright i briefly stated as follows : If you farmers  and has lost his pottage to boot.  Wliat tlie American farmer most needs is a home market in which he can purcha.se his sujiplies as cheajily as his coniiietitors purclnise theirs, and if ho can not .secure tliis, tlieii he should have the jioor privilege of making his purchase where he is compelled to make his sales, and be permitted to bring his goods home without being compelled to l)ay unreaso;iable taxes and fiiiL'S for carrying on le^'itiiuate business.  But as to the "honie market" fallacy, tiohigic js half so reinor.sele.-w and re-bistless as t'.iat of experience. It has been Vv'orked out thoroughly nnder ideal circumstances, the cliriracti-ristii; nature of v.'hicli no one can (]Uestion. Before the war no states were more thriving in agri(;ulture tiian New York, Connecticut and ^lassachusetts. And they earli-e.^t of all developed their manufactures, and lliroughout their length and breadth built factories of "protected'' industries on every hand. Tlu re never was a farming population more alert to exploit a homo market; there never were manufacturers better ideasod to create such a market if it could be so created. What is the result ?  New York Worst of All.  Worst of all, however, and most characteristic, is the situ;itiou in New York state. The most populous of any in the Union and once the fir.st in agriculture, surpassed by no other in fertility, her  will only give tts manufacturers enough money to enable us to go into business, and will consent to paj- prices high enough to maki; it ¡lossible for us to continue our bu.-ine.ss at extraordinary profits, we will agree to buy wh;it we need— what we must have from some source— from you at low and steadily diminishing prices—if we can't get them cheai)er cdse where.  That is all there is to it.  John DkWitt Wauner.  Railroads and corporations all over the state are evading the new tax law, and are testing the constitutionality of the increased r;ite. This is the .same l;iw that the Republican press over the have been howling theni.selves lio.irs", in trving to make the m.asses of the people briieve that the farmer was the one who suffered the increase. We dou"t know of a iv r.dlroad coinpar.y that IS f'lghli <g a hi v that i:i,iiires the farmer. -Wiu. j,. • Democrat.  A Good I.ling K.YvrciHv.  Hold head up, shoulders back and chest out; inflate the lungs slowly through the nose until they are brimful; hold until you liave counted ten, without opening your lips; exhale quickly till your lungs are as nearly empty of the bad air as it is possible to get them. Repeat same exercise, trying to hold the lungs full while counting twenty. Try it again and see if you can hold j'our breath half a minute.  ,, ,, „ ,, I —.....-................. Finish with three  Gene.see valley was the gran:iry of the j ^^ four deep, long drawn inspirations. -  iiature.  country, and stipjilied our expert trade long befoie Minneiiota was a state, or Dakota had a t^me. Iler Orange county gave tlie name to the first standard brands of butter, and her Herkimer county did the same for cheese—all this l >ng before the war. Of late, her old great city h;is become greater till in pop-ulaiioa it nov/ approaclies 2,000,000. Brooklvn, her second city, has grown to 1,001»,000 from a (luarter of that number. Buffalo, at, t'ne western end, nmn-bers :i.'i0,000; liochester. I."j0,000; Albany, 100,000, and Syracuse and Troy, 75,000 each, whil'i there are numerous others from000 t<j .'jO.OOO, She has meanwhile become; by f;ir th(> greati-st manufacturing state in the Union. Every one  gteivts' fumsh/li/gs l^aed/madeclom/vg áll kms of dry goods hffft" rf» graham a.ll wooltpayardwide  .S/Ierchants.  mistake? It is just ^"i^y property is increasing in value, lu-re—in the agreement to "pay some-j fiirming property is growing less '  thing more tlian we pay now"'for m;m- valuable. I can not see any,  ufactured goods. In the protectionist's , "^^"ly f'Ji' it to improve, and in a few years theory that ".'omething more" is put ^ y^^i »"«'I't-' tenant farmers than  away in a (piiet corner; in the actual ' anything else. I don't see how the.se in-. pr;ictice it comes out and plays the mis- J surance companies th:it have advanced ^ chief. If the farmers in this locality . money will g.'t out w'.iole. No one want a W(;olen mill, those in th;it local- | "^^'antii to buy farm lands here. They | ity want a cotion mill, and tho.se in the t,'an't get their money oat of them. Mo.st ' next county an iron furnace, and so on. | «jf ^lie farm^ were bought about war j The re.sult is tiiat the farmers pay every- ' times, when big prices were paid. In ^ uiiere ••.;(Kaethiug more" for everything | Washington county I lial an illustr.itiori :  of the receding value of farming land. ; A man took a mortgage for i;10,000 on ;i farm just after the war. H ' h.us held it ever since, and tod.iy will talee iJfS.OOO ! ' for the entire farm, after foreclo.sing tlie mortgage.  ! '• 'The rejvsons ft)r this state of affairs ' are m:uiy. In the first pla-.:e, the fanner them for making goo.ls at a loss, and can't comi>ete with thj farmer in  out of their proiit.s they will purchase | the we.st. There is very little grain  raised within our borders now: p.>tatoes don't bring any price; butter is selling in the dairy district for fourteen cents a  MODEL BAZAAR  Fields <& I3uskirt  ®x®A SCORE Or®^  NeW York patterrvs  JUST RECEIVED.  We Hav^e the ZartKI  You can get aiiv ihirii,^ in tho earlii y«»a want, at  AL. W11 .1 .1 AM  Bv comini; after it. I'roiluce taken in e.xclwuige.  What May Bo Ucad from Nail».  A person of broad finger nails is of gentle nature, timid and bivshful. Those whose nails grow into the flesh at the points or sides are given to luxury. A white mark on the nail bespeaks misfortune. Persons with very pale nails are subject to mucli infirmity of the flesh and i)ersecution by neighborsand friends. People with narrow nails are ambitious and quarrelsome. Lovers of knowledge and liberal sentiment have round nails. Indolent people tiave generally fleshy nails. Small nails indicate littleness of mind, obstinacy and conceit. Melancholy persons are distinguished by their pale or lead -olored nails and choleric, martial men, delighting in war, have red and spotted tiails.—Worcester Light.  A GOLD WATCH!  ABSOLUTELY FREE TO THE MOST POPULAR LADY IN GREENE CO.  It Costs Nothing to Vote For Your Friend and Get a Valuable Present and an Honored Reputation.  On the 4ch day of July, 1892, at 12 o'clock ni , we propose U» prtsent to the .no«t popul ir Udy in Orceue County a beautiful $S5 GOLD WATCH now on ex-h.bitional EreleiRh & luman'n j «welery «lore EaRraviog on watch: "Pre  rented by the Dkmocbat to--, tHe most popular lady in Greene  jounty, July 4.h. 1892 " We Hhall drttermine who tho most popular lady in the H)unty IB by t.ffi.;ial ballot and the (ollowiug  IIIJLES TO GOVli:ilIV TIIK COKTESTi  1. The ..ffijial ballot wiil bd printed in the DEMOCRAT each week, and any )ne, whether a Bunecriber 01 not mu cut ¡1 out and forward it to Wm M. Mobb in lime to reach him brfore tb« h<.ur of cl.wiog the contest and it will bo counted one.  2. All cffioial bailoiu wid be counted, no difference by whom they are sent in. 3 You caa cut the ballot from your neighb )r'a p.iper8 and forward them and  r.hey will be count«id, or you can buy all the tx ra papers yoa want and cut the iAilot from theoi and vote for your friend.  4. E>?ery iierson who pays subHcripMon to the Democrat will he given, in a block, one v„te for each 5 cents paid These votes m-iy all l.e cast for i ne person or may be divided among any number the voter may choose, and must lie caht  when payment is made.  5 The votes as received will be counted and recorded by Wm. M. Mobb, and his decisions on all q ieations relating to this contest ehall be Hnal.  6 The resviU of the balloting will be published from week to week in the  Democrat.  7. All commuDications concerning thi.^ contest must be addressed to Ihe Dkmocbat, Bioomfield, lod.  • i  liÉflMÉMi--  J   

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