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Woodlawn Booster (Newspaper) - June 2, 1965, Woodlawn, Illinois IDE DOUBLE U 'Portrait Of America HUAC Style By DAVID LLORENS TENSION filled the air. The four men represent- ing "The Establishment" sat like 'gods' in their huge chairs, peering cynically over the crowded room. Their leader, a sinister looking man, reminded people that this was a "magnificent opportunity" to deny or affirm their affiliations with the Communist party. This may sound like the beginning of a novel, but it is not. It is, instead, a "Portrait of America" as dem- onstrated in this city at last week's House Un-Ameri- can Activities Committee (HUAC) hearings on al- leged communism in Illinois. IT IS EXTREMELY difficult to deal with a sub- ject such as HUAC because we live in a country that has, in the course of its brainwashing, created an educational vacuum that cannot be remedied overnight. As recently as four years ago, this writer would have been reluctant to assail HUAC. With that ad- mission, I am not so sure that ignorance is bliss. If you read a newspaper last week, or looked at the news on TV, you could not avoid seeing the demonstrations surrounding the HUAC hearings. It is not by accident that the same people who were demonstrating against HUAC last week are largely the same poeple who have been demonstrating for the human rights of the Negro in this country. I was not at all surprised to see, at the HUAC demonstration, white people who I last saw in Missis- sippi last summer they were working for free- dom there also. It is not an accident that HUAC has consistently been composed of conservative or reactionary congress- men, dominated by Southerners, and that today it is led by Rep. Edwin Willis of Louisiana, an avowed segregationist and a floor leader against the 1964 civil rights bill. IN ITS EARLY days, HUAC was recognized as a weapon against the reforms introduced by the "New Deal" and was called "sordid, flagrantly unfair, and by president Franklin Delano Eoosevelt. Organizations devoted to freedom have consistent- ly argued (and this writer agrees) that HUAC is an institutionalized bastion of racist and far right power which utilizes the power of government to sell and enforce its conceptions. HUACnEttggerateai alleged communist influence in an effort to focus public atten. tion on communism and detract attention from the real issues that civil rights and peace, groups are con BUSY DAY FOR MAN SOME CALL 'REBEL' An Active Senior THIS GROUP of senior citizens gathered Thursday, May 27, Opportunity Center, 746 E. 63rd St., and nominated Mrs. Philiminia Phillips, THIRD FROM LEFT, for the Senior Citizens Hall of Fame. A member of Opportunity Center Study Clubs for the past three years, Mrs. Phillips stays active with volunteer work in schools and hospitals and it a member of the Almagated Retired Workers Club. 5TH WARD Alderman Leon if. Despres had an unusually msy day Wednesday, May 26 t the City Council session. Despres fought the reappoint- ment of William L. McFetndge, >residcnt of Local 1, Chicago rial Janitors Union. He sub- mitted that McFetridge was unfit to hold public office. Desprcs stated that McFe- tridge has lakea actions in the past and has interests that should be questioned. Despres made the statement after May- or Daley submitted for confir- mation a five-year reappoint- ment of McFelndge to the Chi- cago Park District board. McFetridge has been engaged in litigation with Building Ser- vice Employes Union Local 4. The reappointmcnt was approv- ed. Desprcs voted against it. IN OTHER ACTIONS, Alder- man Desprcs stated his argu- ments against the approval of an ordinance formally setting up the Chicago Committee on Urban Opportunity, the war on poverty agency, which calls for a committee made up ol a cross-section of all interests, including representatives ol areas where the program is to operate. Despres remarked thai Chicago had been criticized for not having any poor people on the committee and asked foi (Continued on Page 4) THE MOST WIDELY READ NEWSPAPER IN A REBORNING COMMUNITY THIRTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 33 Week of June 2 thru June 7, 1965 Published at 639 E. 71st St., STewarl 3-1040 WILLIS IN; PROTESTS BEGIN Leaders Blast Board Decision; Plan Boycott cerned with. I believe it is a national tragedy that ceiiicu wim. HUAC is responsible for such an enormous amount of fear throughout this country and that the victims of the fear are unaware of what it is they fear Men ruled by fear can hardly evade taking blind who are paths. By RICHARD TAYLOR SCOTT ALL OUT SUPPORT for next week's protest against the School Board's failure to re- move Supt. Benjamin C. Willis was pledged by The Woodlawn Organization. T.W.O. was represented among some 40 civil rights and com- munity organizations who met in the Washington Park YMCA last Saturday and emerged with plans for a city wide protest including a two-day boycott June 10 and 11. T.W.O. members were among the earliest arrivals at the de- cisive board meeting last Thurs- day that produced the cause of the current furor. They were among a large group of anti Willis persons who angrily stalked out of the meeting after the board vojied 7 to 4 to offer Willis another "fyear contract after his term expires this Aug- ust 31. WILLIS, after accepting the offer, read a statement that he does not intend to remain in the job after his 65th birthday, Dec. 23, 1966. This was called a "compro- mise agreement" by board members who voted for the re tention of Willis but was as- sailed by other board members including Warren Bacon who called it a "conspiracy" and James Clement who labeled the action an "illegal makeshift agreement." The Rev. Lynward Stevenson, T.W.O. president, asserted thai he was "ashamed of the ma- jority of the hoard members who are intimidated and pres sured by Dr. Willis." He saic that "a clean break with Willis could have been as a coo breeze blowing into what pro mises to be a long, hot sum mer." STEVENSON warned that the retention of Willis would "cause the temperature to go up." 5th Ward Aid. Leon M. Despres who recently ventured tha Mayor Daley had decided tha Willis was through in Chicago was also vocal in expressing his disdain over the decision. "It is a tragedy for Chicago and especially for the thousand of children affected by said Despres. "A serious mis take in judgement extends harmful administration and saddles us with a lame due administration which will im poverish the quality of the edu cation he contended Al Raby, convener ol th Coordinating Council of Com AUTHOR JAMES BALDWIN has called HUAC "one of the most sinister facts of the national life." He continued: "It is not merely that we do not need this committee; the truth is, we cannot afford it It always reminds me of a vast and totally untrustworthy bomb shelter in which groups of frightened people end- lessly convince one another of its impregnability, while the real world outside by which I mean the facts of our private and public lives calmly and inexorably prepares their destruction." According to the brilliant essayist and bold novel- ist "We must not allow their fear to control us, and, indeed, we must not allow it to control them. Rather, we should attempt to release them from their panic and their unadmitted sorrow. We ought to try, by the example of our own lives, to prove that life is love and wonder and that that nation is doomed which penalizes those of its citizens who recognize and rejoice in this fact." THE FIRST AMENDMENT to the Constitution states that "Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press or the right of the people peacably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." The legislative power to conduct investigations is based on the need to get information for legislative purposes, if Congress cannot legislate in the areas which HUAC's mandate covers, (speech, press, politi- cal activity and then it has no business investigating in those areas. It is for reasons such as this that HUAC has been called an instrument of ex- posure trying people in public without the protections of a court of law. HUAC has ruined the reputations of people who have not violated any law. Those who are called before the committee are not afforded the op- portunity of having their counsel cross examine the government informers who accuse them of being com- munist or of participating in communist activities. DURING LAST week's hearings, Atty. Albert E. Jenner Jr., counsel for two of the subpenaed persons, denounced the committee as "embarking on a program of exposure for exposure's cited the character disparagement inherent in HUAC activity, and con- tended that "the time has come for loyal citizens to stand up and resist the high-handed, un-American tactics of this committee." Before Jenner could finish, chairman Willis cast I servations during the hearings; that is if 1 am not aside his 'phony southern charm', began pounding his under investigation by then munity Organizations and Syd Finley, field representative f the NAACP emerged from ast Saturday's meeting as co- hairman of the committee to vork out details for the week- ong protest program. The protest will include de- mands for Willis' removal, un- ess he drastically changes his >okcy with regards to integra- ion of the city's public schools, according to Raby. THE MEETING, closed to he press, lasted six hours and concluded with plans for "a variety of direct action protests during the according to finley. He declined to reveal he nature of the plans, but he iromised that they would have "drr.matie effect." The plans for the two-day school boycott aroused criti- -pro-Wilhs- sources and from Mayor Daley. The Mayor appealed to the pub- lic to unite behind the Board of Education and he comment- ed that the board's decision "speaks for itself." He express- ed hope that the children are not kept out of school for the boycot. SPOKESMEN for the week of protest have announced that children will be encouraged to attend special freedom schools during the boycott. Freedom schools were operated during the two previous school boycots held in Chicago on Oct. 22, 1963 and Feb. 25, 1B64. AN OLD FAMILIAR PHRASE, 'Throw Willis Out' was the theme of thij delegation of T.W.O. members as they left for last Thursday's school board meeting only to be defeated by the 7 to 4 vote in favor of Willis. T.W.O. supplied free trans- portation to the scene of the fateful meeting only to be turned away with dim spirits and knowledge that protest must be intensified rather than forsaken. In the words of T.W.O. president, the Rev. Lynward Stevenson: "A clean break with Willis could have been as a cool breeze blowing into what promises to be a long, hot summer." 5th Annual Affair At Area Church The 5th Annual Tea and Fas- hion Show of Woodlawn Me- thodist church, 1208 E. 64th St will be presented Sunday, June 6, from_4-7 p.m., in the church and Woodlawn. Co-chairmen of the affair are Mrs. Mae Herman and Mrs. Bertha Table chair- men are: Mrs. Velma Holli- man, 6225 Woodlawn; Mrs. Grace Allen, 6552 Ellis; Mrs. Irene Simpson, 4414 Cottage Grove; Mrs. Opal Travis, 6558 University, Mrs Alice Wil- liams, 7008 Crandon; Mrs. Lau- rene Gibson, 6400 Minerva; Mrs Dons Anderson, 1325 E. 66th St. Mrs. Rusa Mae Buggs. 6619 Kim- bark; Mrs. Ola Games, 1749 E 67th St.; Mrs. Barbara Alex- ander, 6700 Paxton; Mrs. Helen Lathan, 405 E. 89th St.; Mrs. Lovetta Burrow, 6529 Kenwood; and Mrs. Ruth Smith, 6557 Uni- versity. Area Pickets Arrested In 3 Days Of Story Untold' gavel frantically, and screamed, "You made your point. You may file your statement, but you cannot read anymore." Willis' reaction was, I thought, quite symbolic of the committee of which he is chairman. I would like very much to do my part in helping Atty. Jenner make his point. I think Americans should understand what and why this committee is about and I think black Americans should definitely be made aware that HUAC is among our enemies and enlists as its sup- the John Birchers, the Mississippi segrega tionists, people who were on the Goldwater bandwagon and the many other types that I believe cannot be separated from the philosophy of fascism; those who would send us to the gas chambers if they had their way and I remind you that Nazi Germany is not so many years past as one might like to believe. I HAVE WRITTEN this column because I think readers should know exactly why people demonstrated against HUAC last week and in the very near future I intend to give you more insight into HUAC itself and to share with you some of my personal oh By DAVID LLORENS COUNTED among the more than 50 demonstrators arrested at last week's House Un-Ameri- can Activities Committee hear- ngs were area residents Jona- than Birnbaum, 1005 E. 60th St David Vigoda, 1005 E 60th St.; Katherine Delacy, 6106 Ellis; Garfield Harris, 6141 Green- wood; and Peter Allen and his wife, Merry, 6141 Greenwood. The hearings, held last Tues- day, Wednesday and Thursday, were to investigate alleged communism in Illinois because, in the words of the committee chairman, Rep. Edwin Willis Louisiana segregationist, :The Communists decided, a long time ago, where they would try to build their great- est strength in the United States." CHAIRMAN WILLIS called the hearings a tribute to the city of Chicago, citing "recog- nition of the tremendous im- portance the enemies of this country, both here and abroad, attach to Illinois and its great city, Chicago." The 3-day session became an extravaganza as a result of the presence of some 000 pickets who insured that Chicago main- tained the custom of protest that has become traditional against the committee that was called "un-American" itself by president Franklin D Roosevelt in the days of the "New Deal." The demonstrations were spearheaded by such organiza- tions as the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights, chaired by the Rev. William T. Baird, T.W.O. corresponding se cretary; Students for a Demo- cratic Society, 1103 E. 63rd St.; Congress of Racial Equality; Chicago Friends of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Com mittee and various peace groups. THE PICKET LINES were filled with university profes- sors, housewives, laborers and :he omnipresent students, some of whom are often called beat- niks because they wear their hair a bit long, but who, upon inquiry, arc found to be, for the most part, scholarly, intellec- tual and of social conscious- ness. Countering these anli-HUAC demonstrators was a group whose loud praise for Hie South- ern congressmen dominated committee rather belied their imall numbers; and whose com- position included members of the John Birch Society, sneer- ing women who paused in be- tween stanzas of the "Star Spangled Banner" to scream insults toward the larger group and one lady who constantly proclaimed that she was 'again- st integration' although that was not, supposedly, the issue of the day THE AREA residents arrest- ed were cited for such things as breaking police lines and crawling under police wagons; an act that was performed by Garfield Harris in protest against the arrest of fellow de- monstrator Ron Woodard. Woodard, the first demonstra tor arrested, staged a one-man sitdown m the lobby of the building (U S. Court of Appeals BIdg, 1212 N. Lake Shore Dr The incident was accurately re- ported in the daily press, but the details connected with his act were the actual beginnings of a chain of events that turned a peaceful demonstration into something described three days later as "disorderly" and "sometimes riotous." Woodard was among a group of about 14 anti-HUAC specta- tors inside the hearing room last Tuesday. At about p. m., chairman Willis called a re- cess for lunch, ordered the room cleared and set 2 30 p.m. as the reconvening time. At this point the 14 anti-HU- VC spectators refused to leave >ecause, according to James form an, executive secretary f SNCC, who was one of the group, "many of the people who eft were given passes to get lack in at Forman said hat he requested that his group >e granted the same privilege and was refused, hence, he de- cided that they should stay in lie room. WOODARD, one of that group walked out to use the men's room and when he attempted to he was denied entrance; hus, he staged his sit down. He lad waited patiently that morn- ng to get one of the 150 seats in .he hearing room. (The seats were even difficult for 'un- cnown' newspaper editors to He protested his rigl to retain his place at a "ope hearing" that he had deeme important enough to arise earl in the morning and travi across town to attend. WHEN WOODARD was s rested, Garfield Harris crowle under the Police Wagon to pr test the arrest; along wi three others. The guilt, or lai of same, of the two young m( opens up the controversial d bale of civil disobedience. This was the first disruptii of the HUAC hearings. The ne two days brought about heigl ened tension, additional im dents and many arrests, t with each, hidden insights perhaps only visible to the e in the peaceful picket line. Hyde Park Has Large Grad Class 423 students will receive grad- ation diplomas from Hyde Park ligh school, 6220 Stony Island, at commencement Thursday, June 24. Approximately high school students will be gradu- ated throughout the city on that day, an increase of about over the number graduated last year The city's public elementary schools will graduate approxim- ately pupils this June. Noted Artists Form Board A distinguished guild of wr ers and actors recently form an advisory board for Hi House's new Parkway Commu ity House Theater, at 500 Ea 67lh St. Community theater o ens Friday evening June I with two one-act plavs. "Doul by Lewis John Carlir Members of the advisory boa include Gwendolyn Brooks, poi ess; Ossie Davis playwright a actor: Conrad Kent Rivers, pis wright and poet, Lansti Hughes, poet, playwright. Best Food Buys This Week- Each week the Booster publishes the best food buys at your local food store, as advertised in your Booster; Finest FRYING CHICKENS only 23e Ib. Whole 2 Bag Limit Wonder Food, Page Package of t Hot Dog Bune with Purchase of 1 Ib. Package of Oscar Mayer Wieners Page S A 10
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