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Olney Times (Newspaper) - August 27, 1858, Olney, Illinois OLNEY TIMES. the Price of Liberty." VOL. 8 OLNEY, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1858. WHOLE NO. 112. OLjVEY TIMES IS PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, BT WILLIAM H. BECK, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Warma AYESDB, SEAR M. E. CHURCH. Olney, Illinois. 50 00 00 TERMS. In three months, 2 Clubs of ten, in adrance, 1 RATES OF ADVERTISING. One square, 10 lines or less, one inser. f'l 50 insertion, 50 8ne square per annum, 800 six months, 5-00 n three 3 00 tne column twelve months, an 40 00 threa months, 20 00 A liberal discount will be made to lib- jpST For advertising wives, first insertion 200, each subsequent insertion, 00.-83S CARDS, William M. Beck, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OLNEY, ILLINOIS ill attend to the collectionef Debts, paying o: Taxes, Ac. je21yl BEELER HOUSE. VISCBSNEg, INDIANA. OPPOSITE THE OHIO MISSISSIPPI R. R T. J. BEELER, PROPRIETOR, H. GUNN SONS, BRY-GOODS, GROCERIES, PRODUCE, Flora, Clay County, Illinois. Augl5thlS57. GEO. A. BANCKART, TAIL OH; MAIN bTKEET, opposite TWLilly's, Dot s all work in his line promptly and to or der ard intuits it to bo well dune. Cutting Tailoring, Scouring, etc1 Give him call. Ot. B. E. WKELER. D. RI6G WHEELER BIGGS, WHOLESALE DEALERS IN GROCERIES, PK9BUC! WINDOW GLASS, A GLASSWARE. S o. 47, Mam street, between First Jt Secom Evansville, Ind- Sept. 19, ly. enry D. Allis. Lewis Howes. ALLIS HOWES. ORYYARDING AND COMMISSION ,ectifiers of and whole- ale dealers in foriegn and domestic iquors, Flour, Grain, Vater street second door above vine, EVANSVILLE IND. Sept. [ly OLUEY. LODGE, NO. F. A. MASONS, hold their regular comm u- nicatiOH on Saturday evening, on full moon in every month. W. M. BECK, W. M. N. WHITNEY, Secretary. br. S. D No. 426 S. ofT. Jeet at their hall in Olney every Tues- .ay evening. C. M. HOOVER, P. T. S. HAWLIY, R. HIGHLAND LODGE, NO, ISO I, 0. 0. F., hold their regular meetings at the Lodge Room, mmcdiately Dr. Willinm'sDrug Stor on Mam Sttrtet, every Monday evening. A general attendance of all the members who ;nn make it convenient to do so, is earnestly. jquested. E. KITCHELL, Sec. N. WHITNEY, N. Sorace Hayward. Edward Kihectl ace Wayward. isawara lunei HAYWARD KITCHELL, Real Estate Agents, OLNEY, RICHLAND COUNTY, ILLINOIS. "VVTILL attend to Bujmg and Selling Land, VV Paying Taxes, Examination of Land Ti ties, Writing Deeds, Mortgages, Prompt attention to al. Business connected with Rial Estate. JSf Office, West side Public Square, N. B. We have employed in our the valuable services ot Mr. JoHNWoLV, formerly Sheriff of Riuhland County. Mr. Wolf is a practical Surveyor, and familiar with almost every Tract of Land in Richland county. mar6-tf D. T. CLARK, Justice of the Peace, Sumner, Lawrence county, Ills. WILL promptly attend to the collectiono acknowledgements of deods j frum a distance will receire prompt ittention _______________ KEPLY TO "FOX." MB. EDITOH; In your last issue appears a communication from who thinks I have done the County Court injustice, and calls upon me or proof of the. charges made in our paper of the 13th, I should >e very sorry to make any charges .gainst the County Court, or-any of our public officers that cannot be sus- ained; and if you will allow me .the space necessary, I think I will be able to convince I-have. made no false charges, and that the facts fully justify all that I have said in my previous communication. The only charge made against the County Court in my communication of the 13th, is that they are "incom- petent to transact the business of the county in a satisfactory and to prove this I think it will only be necessary to refer to some facts in regard to the advertising and let- ting of the contract for repairing the Court House, which are familiar to the most of your readers. It is well known that the usual mode of advertising for proposals is there is a paper published in the publish a notice of the letting a few weeks in advance, s o that all the citizens of the county may have a fair and equal chance for submitting proposals, and then to award the contract to the lowest re- sponsible bidder. anfi contrpling its actions; and lUul power-is HJake Hofman., If this be so his. evidence is not entitled to much credit, coming as does from an interested, witness; and if the Court is to be' under the control of one man, anoVthfct Clerk, the sooner we abolish' adopt Township fee better. I know the people of Riohjand county are not disposed .to snsject their officers of qeglect, or ness it the discharge of their duties without cause. It has been the cus- tom with them to go to the polls and elect their officers; and relying on heir integrity and ability to dis- charge their duties, to neglect any in- vestigation of their official acts; but sir, it is a custom "more honored in the breach than the and it would be well for the people of the county to keep a watchful eye upon all their public officers; and es- pecially should they scrutinize the G.W Attorney KINHTEY Counsellor at Lav Flora, Clay WILL attend to the collection of debts m the Fourth and Twelfth Judicial Circuits Buying and Seilng Keal Eititc. Payings Taxes, 91 IT Ac.; Ac. PAVILION HOTEL, Adjoining Steamboat Landing, EVASSVILLE, IN1X watch kept tor river tra-vol. J K. DKEW. WASHINGTON HOTEL Corner Third and Main falrcets, OPPOSITE THE COURT Only Three Squares from the and four from the Railroad THEODOEE'S EXCHANGE, Mam St., Evansville, Ind. The citizen? of Eiinsrille. nnd the public are reaped full -y informed that at this wUi known estiblshi ent cnn be found deliu..cy of the season, game of all kindb. blliLL OYbTEHS, received Dajly by ex press, and in eveiy 5iyle to suit Sept. 19, ly.' THEODORE JlINbSl'- American House, NEWTON, ILLS. JOSEPH LITZELMAtf.Propvietor. The trav- eler will find .it this House every attention cumulated to make him comfortable. e.ot3-ly JAMES SCANTLIX, Jr., C HI. HOOTER, Mam Street, Olney, Ills. KESPECTFULLY announces to the citizens of Olney and Mirroumlmg oountry that he keeps on hand a general assortment of Clothes, Cifchinereb, 'Iwnds, Snttinnetts, Flannels, Ac., Alao, an extensive assivc astortment of Spring md SummirCkithihg; consisting of Coats Pants Vests, blurts. Collars, Cravats, Boots, and Shoes and in fuel, tvciy aiticle necessary te complete a gentlomans toiltt. All of which has ectt-d with great care, EXPRESSLY FOR THIS OTAR- KET. to order, and all work ananttd Paitieulfr attention will be gives cutting garments Persons disposed to guc ic a call will be fairly dealt with, may 21. WHOLES ALE AND [RETAIL DEALER GAS TINGS. Japanned, Piessed. and Britania Wares, South side Main, between Water Fiist sts, the old Scate Bank. EVANSVILLE, MfD. cept. 19, 3m. ISAAC POTTS. JUSTICE or THE PEACE, Lawrenceville, Ills. fILL give prompt attention to all busmes V entriutel A. E. Kitchell, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, OLXEY, ILLINOIS attention to business in tha Supreme rcpit and Inferior Courts. Collect, Taxes paid, nil Title s examined, ic. A. Kitohell will be found at his office ths Depot, .ind B. Kitchell M his office west nblSqe je21yl( 9IOBRISON HOI SB Olney, (Richland Co..) Ills. IjfMltDIATlLY WEST OK THE COuRT HODSE GOOD ACCOMMODATION, AND A Tri-Weckly Stage for Newton, Jasper Co., leaving Olney 1 Ihursdays, and Sat- urdays. Horace Hayward, ATORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW (Bee on Main street, one door east Olney House OLNEY. IL TEBRE HAUTE BOOK-BINDERY. BOOK ft JO PfitNT NO OFFICE, AND BLANK-BOOK MANUFACTORY. K B. SIMPSON Co, Proprietors. Terre Haute, Ind. All work la the best style, aid at reas- onable.rateg. May 14th. SAMUEL ORE, Water Street, DEALER IN Iron, Njulf, En plate imo, Copper, Sheet-iron Lead-pipe, Tools, Black-smiths Tools, Baggy Jiprinjs and Aries, Woodwork Waggons, Ac. South East Corner Public Squar 1IWTOH IL1J5. B. W. HARRIS. HOllACE H1YWIBD. EUWArtU KITOUK1 HAYWAED KITCHELL, Estate Agency, OLNEY, HIGHLAND CO., ILL attend to buying and selling Land V Paying Taxes, Examination of L.md Titles, writing Deeds, llortgagos, Contract? 4c., ic. Prompt attention given to all busi ness connected with real estate. Offic. W est side of the public Square N B. We have employed m our ogeney the valuable services of Mr John Vi olf, foi mer bheriff of Richland county. Mr. Wol> is ,1 practical suneyoi, and acquainted with almost e-vory tract of land in llichlcnd conn March 21, '57 ly. Largest Hotel in Evansville. WASHINGTON HOTEL, BY FELKER HEDDEBICH, corner of Main and Third Streets, EVANSVILLE, IND. The only free Omnibus running to and from the watch kept for boats. sep 19 ly Q. WEBSTEK. P. RINGGS E. GWEBSTER Co., WHOLESALE DEALERS AND MAMUFACXUJRERS OF BOOTS SHOES, Leather, Morocco, and Shoe Trimmings, 92, Pear street, letween Walnut and V in, Cincinnati, 0. Main Street Olney, Ills. fTl HE undersigned having refitted and XflgSi 1 made large additions to the mw House, and refitted and furniihsd with new Furniture, Carpets, Ac., would respectfully :nnounce to the Public, that he is prrpared to accommodate his Guests in a style superior to nny other house in Southern Illinois. Ne pains will be spared to make his house entertaining for Boarders and Traveler Will be supplied with the best the Country af- His STABLE is amply sufficient to'affordshel- ber for Horses, and is supplied with plenty of festproveDder Nothing shall te lucking on his part which contribute to ths comfort and satisfaction of hi' Guests. (myl5) JOHN BR1LLHAKT. Newton and St. Mane, Albion and ijayville StageOffice. The only place to secure se ats CLAY CITY HOUSE, HARRIS YANDEVER. THE UNDERSIGNED, Pro pnetors of thisJUouse, in the new and thriving village of Clay llll City, just laid out, immediately on the Ohio Mississippi R. R., opposite Maysville, in Clay County, call the attention of the travelling public to house and its accommodations. Situated as Clay City i8, in a fine country, and on an excellent thoroughfare north and south, it is the most convenient point for travellers on business m this part of the State to The best accommodations will be forded the August O. DRY-GOODS and GROCERIES Frairicton, Ills. Until very recently there hds been but one paper published in the coun- ty, and being Republican in politics it did not stacd very high in the es- timation of the County Court, and in their anxiety to keep the public mon- ey out of the pockets of the publish- er, and put it m their own, I am told they adopted the following nov- el mode of advertising: When a contract was to be let, they author- ized one of iheir body to riJe over the county and let the people know that such a letting was to take place, and that they could send in proposals for the work. After acquainting as many of his friends as he saw prop- er, he presented his bill to the coun- ty, and was allowed so much per day for the time so occupied. In this instance they used the County Clerk- as a walking advertisement, to make cncwn the wishes of the court; and, although I must acknowledge that lit is an excellent advertising medium, and has heretofore achieved quite a notoriety in that respect, I nsist that in this instance he failed to sustain his well-established reputa- tion, as it ;s well known that a large number of the citizens in town, and among- them some of the most promi- nent mechanics, did not know that iuuh a letting was to be made, until after the contract was awarded. But, sir, the work was to the low- est bidder, but to a good Democrat, which they perhaps considered of more importance, and as it was let at an exhorbitant price, it was reason- able to expect they would require the work to be done in a substantial and workmanlike manner; but in (hi too they utterly failed the work i a disgrace to all connected with it; the house ib in a worse condition than it was before it was touched, and stands a monument of the folly ol the County Court. I do not think any blame shculd at- tach to the contractor in this matter If he saw proper to take advantage of the incapacity of the Court to drive a good bargain and put money in his pocket, it is what anybody else woulc have done, and it is perhaps all right but I do say that it proves, beyond al question, the total incapacity of these men to transact the county business But "Fox" brings forward Mr Hofman, who he says is "a man o sense, and considerable influence in the County Court, acd who says they "heve done their Now as Mr. Hofman makes U a point to be posted in regard to everybdy's bus iness, it is but reasonable to suppos that knows something about the business of the Couuty Court, and we are ready to admit as "Fox" says, tha he is a man of considerable influ ence in that body; in fact, some an so unreasonable as to believe that h exercisfcs entirely too much influence and we have heard some of tLe friend of Court contend ihat they ough not to be held responsible for all th blunders committed; because ther is a power behind the Court "great er than the Conrt itself" guiding proceedings of the County Court, aad see whether ihe business of the county is conducted in such a manner as meets their An investigation into the past acts of of a majority of our present Court, would show that the contract for re- pr.iring the Court House is only one of many blunders on their part. I might go on citing instances, until they would fill the columns of your paper; but as I have already made this article much longer than at first intended, I will refer to but one other. I believe the Court take a great deal of credit to themselves for hav- ing built the present jail; and so far as external appearance is concerned, it is perhaps all that could be desired. Bnt how many of the citizens of the county know the amount of money expended in building it? The peo- le were told at the time the con- ract was awarded that the price was ss than thirty-eight hundred dollars; ut any person who will investigate ic matter will learn that the con- received forty-four hundred ollrrs, and an additional expendi- ure of two hundred was required efore it was considered safe to trust prisoner in it; and it has been roven within the last two weeks, Mt they need stay there only twen- y-four hours if they can procure a ase-knife to dig their way O T From the Speech of Senator Trumbull, DELIVERED AT CHICAGO. In the process of time it was supposed that Kansas would wish to be admitted into the Union as a State. Her people, you remem- ber, had formed one constitution, known as the "Topeka Constitu- establishing a Free State. It was necessary to meet this with something, and a bill was prepared in the Senate of the United States, by Mr. Douglas, authorizing the people of Kansas to hold a conven- tion and form a constitution. Sev- eral amendments were offered to that bill. Among others, an amend, ment was offered by Mr. Toombs, of Georgia, and that bill quently passed the Senate. Now, tellow citizens, I make the distinct charge that there was a preconcert, ed arrangement and plot entered into by the very mea who now claim credit for opposing a constitution formed and put in force without giving the people any opportunity to pass upon it. [Great applause.] This my friends is a serious charge, but I charge it to-night, that the very men who traverse the country, under banners proclaiming popular sovereignly, by design concocted a bill on purpose to force a constitu- tion upon that people. I have brought along with me the evidence to prove the charge I a charge of a sernus character like this might be controverted by the men who claim credit for popular sovereignty un- less 1 brought the evidence with me. I hold in my hand the biil brought into the Senate of the United States by Mr. Toombs, on the 25th of June, 1856, containing a clause re quiring the constitution which the Convention should form to be tub- roitted to the people for their rati- fication or rejection. That bill was referred to the Committee on Ter- ritories in the Senate of the United States, of which Judg? Douglas is chairman. Judge Douglas, five longer. [Laughter and applause.] Now what did this party design by the policy inaugurated in 1847? I have shown you how th'ey have gone on step by step, advancing rst one opinion, then another and does any person believe that if he County Court had been composed if men possessing the smallest pos- ;ible share of business qualifications, hey would have allowed a building o cost forty-six hundred dollars which vas contracted at thirty-eight? do not wish to be understood as making any charges against the hon- sty of these men; I believe they are honest, and their intentions good, and if they have been elevated hrough the partiality of their fel- low-citizens to stations nature never ntended them to occupy, certainly no blame should attach to is an error of judgment on the part of .he people, and the fault being with them, it is for piemto apply the rem- edy. Whenever the people look to a can. didate's fitness and qualifications for office when ttyey go to the polls, and vote accordingly, regardless whether or not it is agreeable to the and wire-workers, who have here- tofore assumed to dictate in these matters', and who really have less in- terest in them ihan any other class of people in the county, (because they pay less they throw party cansiderations aside, and apply the Jeffersoniau standard, viz: "is he honest? is he then we will have our public offices filled with men capable of transacting the business in a creditable Then when contracts are awarded they will be drawn in such a manner as will secure their fulfillment, and long bills of extras brought in at the winding up to put money in the pock- ets of the contractors, will be un- known. TAX PAYER. days afterwards, reported back the bill I hold in my hand, making va- rious alterations in it; among oth- ers, striking out the clause requir- ing its submission to the He stated that, on consultation with Mr. Toombs, he had made these al- terations. [Tremendions applase.] A VOICE. whom did he make the statement? Mr. made it in the Senate of the United States, and it is reported in the Congres- sional Globe; and, sir, if you are a Douglas SAME am, sir. Mr. you want to satisfy yourself that he was in the plot to force a constitution upon that people. I will satisfy (Cries of good, good, hit him again, and cheers.) I will cram the truth down any honest man's throat, until he cannot deny it. [Renewed cheers.] And to the man who does deny it, I will cram the lie down his throat till he shall cry enough. [Tremendous cheer ing.] It is is the most damnable effrontery that man ever put on, to conceal a scheme to defend and cheat a people out of their rights, and then claim cred- it for it. [Cries of Hurrah for him with all such men.] That is not all, my Douglas is not all. I, myself, humble as I am, and making no pretensions other than to have performed my duty to the best of my ability to the State that has honored me by placing me in the Senate, pointed tbia out two years ago. (Three cheers for Trumbull were given with great en- thusiasm.) I stated that it was a little too much to call a convention in Kansas before knowing what was the wish of the people, and then to allow the fifty-two men which were to compose the convention, accord- ing .0 that bill, to put any sort of a constitution upon the people with- out allowing them to vote upon it. A did Mr. Doug- las say to it? then another, until they had got slavery into Kansas, denying first the power of Congress to exclude it, then denying the power of the people of a Territory, while in a Territorial condition, to exclude it, Next, they will deny the power of the people when they form a State constitution to exclude it; and that such is the next step to be taken is manifest from the Dred Scott de- cision. I wish, fellow citizens, to get before you, if I can, a clear idea of that Dred Scott decision, and what is decided in that case. The case was man by the name of Dred Scon brought a suit for his freedom in the United States Court in Missouri, on the ground that he had been taken by his mas- ter to Bock Island, in this State, and there held for some time, and afterwards taken to Fort Snelling, Minnesota, which was then a Terri- tory, and part of the Louisiana purchase, from which slavery was excluded by the Missouri com- promise; and he insisted that by virtue of the laws of Illinois anc the laws of the Territory in which he was at Fort Snelling, he was free man. The defence set up this plea: That Dred Scott was born a negro, decended from parents who were imported from Africa and hel o on and give their opinions sep- erately upon the authoiity of Con gress to exclude slavery from the lountry in which Fort Snelling was located, which was unnecessary to up reverence for it then? and laughter.] They [Applause cannot ap- tbe decision, case did not The result determine cf the whether bim up before this audience, and in doing so will expose a numerous class like him. He is one of our Douglas men, I take it. I will hold him up here and let you see him with the woolly heads around him. I will expose him in all his nakedness. This is just as good a place to expose the hypocricy of that class of men as anwhere. See if I do not state him fairly. He is one of those who believe in the Dred Scott decision, the right to take slavery into a a Territory, and cries out at the same time, ''pop- ular sovereignly.. [Cheers and laughter.] He goes Missippi and North Ca he owns a numer of negroes, and marches up to Kansas. Hd is going to emigrate there, and some of his negroes are as black aa the African, with flit noses, thick lips and woolly beads, and some are a little whiter [laughter] and some are mulattoes, and some of them are so white you can hardly distin- guish the negro blood in them. [Laughter.] Well he marches up 10 Kansas, and when he gets up to the line the white men of Kansas meet him and say, 'we do not want you to bring these niggers here we don't want that population here Scott was a slave or a free man, acd the question of the au- thoity of Congress to pass the law excluding slavery from the territory north of 36 deg., 30 min., vas not Involved; because if the negro cculd bave derived his freedom from be- ing in a region of country where slavery was prohibited by law, he had it by residing at Rock Island. The State of Illinois bad abolished slavery, and if the fact of his having been brought within a free jurisdic- tion gave him freedom, he had it by residing in this State. But the judges, for political purposes, go on and express their opinions concern- ing the authority of Congress and a Territorial Legislature to pass laws excluding slavery from territory: such opinions are extra judicial and of no abiding force. 1 state this for the benefit of that class of citi- zens who are very much disinclined to make any attak upon the decision of a court. These are the opinions of the judges seperately given upon the questions not before them and are they not to be censured for go- ing out of the case to express such opinions? [Yes, Yes.] There is no importance in these opinions, as judicial decesions at all. and they are oaly important in this respect, they have been adopted by the great Democratic party, so called, as a part of its creed, and Mr. Buchan- an says that slavery exists in Kan- sas and Nebraska as effectually as it does in South Carolina and Georgia, under these Hence it becomes very important to look to these opinions as these judgos, as pointing out the creed of the party which is now in power, and which they are now endcaver- ing to enforce upon the 1 should have no sort of respect for peal from the decision cf the court to the people, the source of all power, but they can appeal to this Cunvention at Cincinnati. And I will not, undertake to describe that Convention; Col. Benton once de- scribed it. [Laughter] I would sooner have the decision of the peo- ple than of such s set of mea. But I find I am spending to much time upon this slavery question, that I am becoming somewhat hoarse, and as I wish to say some- thing to yon in regard to tie expen- ditures of the government, ind show that the party in power is u false to its other professions M it is to those it haa at different times set up on the slavery question. I will pass for a few moments to that sub- ject. The expenses of the govern, ment, as you have probably often heard, have increased enormously within the past few years. The amount of money at the disposal of government for this more than one hundred millions of dol- lars. This, I know, haa sometimes been disputed, but I have here the official statement made by the Clerk of the House of Representatives, showing that mare than 11_ ropn- bgress, millions were specifically ated at the last sessicn of G( and there are indefinite appropria- ions to pay claims the precise amount of which is not yet known, amount, at the lowest estimate, to three millions and s> half, malting over eighty-four millions, and appropriations amounting such a decision there had been in any event, a decision of If the conrt upon the point, when direct- ly before them, that Congress had no athority to pass a law excluding slavery from a Territory, 1 would have treated that decision in the particular case as binding, but I ;would have treated it with utter 'contempt as applied to any other case. I have no scruples IB assail- ing the infallibility of the men who wear gowns. [Cries of "that's and great cheers.] Despotism is despotism, whether practiced by crowned heads TOM CORWIN the Republican Congressional Con- vention for the 7th District, Ohio, Hon. Thomas Corwin, the great champion of the old Whig Party. and the life-long friend of Henry Clay, was unanimously nominated for Congress. KrAsa Gile, of Readfield, has been nominated for Congress by the Democrats of Maine. Mr. say? He was silent as the did he grave, and voted for the hill! [Applause.] It passed the Senate but was de- feated in the House. M'nd you now, this was before the Presiden- tial election, [Cheers and laugh- ter.] It was before the thunders of the Fremont vote had rolled down to Washington and frightened the men that were there. [Ap- plause.] It was before the free people of Illinois had swept the plunderers from the State Capital, and insta'led in their places free men, and the friends of free men. [Renewed applause.] It would not do to risk that policy much resolved it But he an- in Kansas, and have shall not come here." swers. "I am for popular eignty and the Dred Scott decisj and I will introduce my negri You are woolly are abolitionists; negro worshippers." And has his whole drove of n all sorts of blood around i or by men [Renowned clothed n cheers.] ashamed to appeal from obiter dicta opinions of Supreme Judges subversive of the, Constitution. Fellow citizens I acknowledge a power hSghsLthan Presidents, high. er thanfyoagress, higher than Su- its, and to that power, ne is the paople, I will cheering.] fe make Presidents and and calls free white men, who do not want anything to do with negroes, woolly heads. Pretty subject he, surrounded by negroes, with every kind of blood in their veins, to talk about amalgamation! [laughter.] He wants to introduce them in among free white men, and they say they will have none of his ne- groes. Talk about popular sover- eignty and negro worshippers, when every free white man in Kansas stands on the border, an-j says yon cannot come in here with your ne- groes! You shout "popular sover- eignly, squatter and under Dred Scottism, declare you will force your mixed breeds into the Territory in spite of its inhab- itants, [laughter.] That is the then is an unexpected balance of made last year, to more than lizteen millions. These sum altogether make more than one hundred mil- lions of dollars at the disposal of the Administration for the present fiscal year. I know it is 'said that it is unfair to charge all this to the present fiscal year; that a surplus will remain at the end of the year to be carried to the next list; but I think it is much more likely that the Administration will come in with m defic.ency bill, and ask for some ten millions more, as they did at the last Congress, than that any sbrplns will remain. The expenses of tha government during the administra- tion of General I'ierce were This it more than all the expenses of the government from when it was organised, for thirty years together, including the war with Great Britain in General Pierce expended more mon- ey during four years of peace than our government expended for- the first thirty years after its organiza- tion. In 1823, the expenditures of the government for all purposes, exclusive of the public debt, Wire 59. In 1657, Use ex- penses of the government, exclu- sive of public debt, were 559 79. The pr rota, aoctfrdiw to the population in 1823, waf; cents on each individual. TjheVjHp rata in 1857 was two dollars and twenty-eight cents per cents to lation. Mow tl attract the country hut perhaps if IpeWto state in. de- tail of this governmelment; sonio of the means by whA'these expenses have been incrjped, it would strike some more forcibly. I will calif row attention to the City of Chi-, cago. You have a custom house located here. In 1852, or for the fiscal year ending June 1853, the last year of Fillmore's administra- tion, there was collected at Chicago, 86. Six men were em- ployed to collect it and they were paid 12, That littU over two per cent. For the fear when tyranny takes of those they have placed the people, who are sov- ereigns and who are above all their servants, will take the power into i their own hands. [Good, good, of i that's The Supreme Court of the United States has repeatedly decided prior to the Dred Scott case, that Congress had power to pass laws governing the Territories. When it was presided over by Mar- shall, the Court held that in the government of the Territories, Con- gress possessed the combined power of the State and the Federal Gov. rrnment. Those people who talk to us about appealing from the de- cision of the courts to a popular what have they Why, over here at Cincinnati, when they met to lay down their creed and declare what they were said in so, many words, that Con- gress had no power to establish a national bank'. The Supreme Conrt had decided that Congress had the power. Whew wu titair nrington, ending Jane 30, 1856, there'ww collected at Chicago, 40. Sixteen men were employed in its collection, and they were paid 349 28 for doing it. Now 1 ask yon, living right here as you do, ii there any reason for this increased expenditure? Can you tell me why it cost ten per cent, the last fiscal year to collect the revenue this port, end only over two per cent foiir years ago? Is there any reason for it- cxoept that the government wanted to shower the money upon favorites? [Yes there is reason.] I dent know whftt ir is. Democratic iinft be sustained. andnp- ptaM.l I think that is tbs plaue.] I think that is heft reason. [Renewed They most sustain the Bat Chicago is only ft ease. I have the official report and I will stftto few other easts to showjou how the ex pends money. er points where fh% for i SEWSPAPERl
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