Mt Vernon Register News (Newspaper) - February 18, 1953, Mt Vernon, Illinois TEMPERATURE Tuesday: high, 34; low, 12. Last night's low: 26. Noon temperature: 54. MT. VERNON REGISTER-NEWS MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION SQUARE DEAL FOR ALL - SPECIAL FAVORS TO NONE /� NON PARTISAN PAPER WEATHER SOUTHERN ILLINOIS: Cloudy and warmer followed by rain late tonight. Thursday cloudy and mild with rain. Low tonight 35 to 40. High Thursday 50 to 60. VOLUMExXXXIII - NO. 119 MOUNT VERNON, ILLINOIS - WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1953 25c PER WEEK BY CARRIER 400 ALLIED PLANES RAID N.KOREA Introducing the Candidates Frank B. Neal, a well known ausinessman, is a candidate for Mt. Vernon city councilman. Frank B. Neal Mr. Neal is at present in the real estate business. He and his wife, Pearl, reside at No. 5 Lyons Court. They have three children, all married, and three grandchildren. Mr. Neal was born on a farm in Franklin county, near Benton, the son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Neal. He attended Benton high school and Ewing College. For 12 years he worked for the Shell Petroleum Co. as tank driver and plant agent at Benton. In 1936 he moved to Mt. Vernon and started the Neal Brothers Roofing Co., which he operated for 15 years. He served as a member of the Mt. Vernon township high school Board of Education for nine years. He is a member of the Mt. Vernon Masonic Lodge, the Elks Club and the Moose Lodge. In commenting on his candidacy, Mr. Neal said: "I am happy that Mt. Vernon is changing its form of government Jo City Manager and I am certain that our city will prosper under it, but only if able men are elected to administer the city's affairs. I have never had any political ambitions and am a candidate for city councilman for one purpose only-my desire to help put our city on a solid financial footing and to operate the city's affairs in an efficient, businesslike manner." AUT0WIZARD DRAWS 5-YEAR PRISON TERM Knetzer Also Fined $5,000 for Hiding Assets in Bankruptcy. By Associated Press SPRINGFIELD, 111. - Robert L. Knetzer was sentenced to five years in prison and fined $5,000 today for hiding assets from creditors who poured huge sums into his amazing auto sales business before it collapsed. Federal Judge Sasper S. Piatt gave the former Edwardsville, 111. promoter the maximum penalty after denying a defense motion for a new trial. Knetzer's attorney said the case will be appealed. The sentence climaxed a spectacular venture into high finance by the one-time dollar a day laborer who became a millionaire on paper and then crashed into bankruptcy owing more than 2Va million dollars. Knetzer, neatly dressed in a brown suit, alternately stared at the floor and rubbed his chin before sentence was pronounced. Judge Piatt asked him if he had anything to say. " I believe I am innocent of the charge, your honor," he replied. The 39-year-old Knetzer was convicted last Saturday by a jury after a month long trial. Testimony brought out that he peddled cars at below cost in the hope of piling up money to finance big deals in oil, dude ranching and mountain resorts. The scheme blew up in 1948 1 when hundreds of angry customers, who had put down deposits for scarce cars, swarmed in "like a thundering herd"-as Knetzer described it - demanding autos or their money back. Government prosecutors charged that Knetzer failed to account for $682,000 he took in during the six months just before he was forced into bankruptcy. Atomic Power For Canadians By Associated Press OTTAWA - Canada's government says it is going into the field of atomic power for industry. Trade Minister C. D. Howe predicts it initially , will cost more than hydroelectric current but eventually will mean lower power COMMITTEE INSISTS ON TAX SLASH Ways and Means Group Disagrees With Eisenhower, Says Cut Must Precede Budget Balancing. By Associated Press WASHINGTON - The House Ways and Means Committee disagreed vigorously and openly today with President Eisenhower's avowed policy of putting spending cuts ahead of any reductions in taxes. A tax cut must "precede, not follow" budget reductions, the committee said in a report to the House only one day after Eisenhower strongly renewed his stand for the reverse order. Further, the committee assert-ed,a delay in tax trimming until the level of spending is determined-the approach stressed by Eisenhower-"might well have seri-oiiis economic consequences." This language brought squarely into the open a simmering clash among, Republicans over tax policy and raised the threat of a possible presidential veto. It was approved by the committee in a closed meeting late Tuesday - without a rollcall vote. The committee planned to make it public today. Some newsmen saw a copy in advance of that action. The report formally sends to the House, with a recommendation for passage, a bill by Committee Chairman Reed (R-NY) to cut individual income taxes 10 per cent starting July 1-a bill approved 21-4 by the committee Monday. At his first White House news conference, Eisenhower said Tuesday that the government cannot afford to reduce taxes or federal income until it has in sight a spending program which balances income and outgo. Otherwise, he added, higher taxes may result in the future. Ike Opposes Reduction Eisenhower said he would not consent as things now stand to any reduction in government revenue without a substitute which would bring in as much. The President indicated if the excess profits tax on business is to expire June 30-as provided in present law - his administration would seek a substitute for that revenue, estimated at about 2% billion dollars annually. Ways and Means committee sources said today they have heard the Treasury is considering asking fojr a temporary increase of 2 percentage points in the regular income surtax on corporations as a substitute for the excess profits levy. That would boost the regular top rate for corporations from 52 to 53 per cent. Reed, however, said, "There will be no increases in taxes of any kind this year." The report threw the official weight of his committee behind a statement that the excess profits tax should be allowed to expire as scheduled. The report denounced the tax-which runs up to 82 per cent on profits considered excessive-as one that "shackles new, small and growing corporations and tends to favor old and well-established businesses." The report added it1 would be "unconscionable" not to grant relief to individual taxpayers at the same time the excess profiis levy expires. Cut Not Ruled Out House leaders, meanwhile, served notice they do not consider Eisenhower's statements as closing the door to a tax cut this year. Speaker Martin (R-Mass.) said, "A tax reduction is not ruled out if we make the savings that will justify it. In May we can see how our finances are, and commence to see about taxes." Sen. Taft of Ohio, the majority leader, said he supports Eisenhower's contention and thinks that by May 1 Congress will know about how much it can cut former President Truman's 78 billion dollar spending budget. Taft has said it might be possi- i Continued on owe two) PROPOSE $300 A MONTH MINIMUM POLICE PAY Measure Would Give Mt. Vernon Officers $29.30 Per Month Increase and Cairo Police $119 Boost. Views of Governor on Plan Not Yet Known. By Associated Press SPRINGFIELD, 111 - Minimum salaries of many downstate policemen would be boosted sharply under a hill submitted by three majority Republicans in the Illinois General Assembly Tuesday. The police salary floors now in effect are $150 a month in cities of 10,000 to 50,000 population, and $175 a month in the 50,000 to 150,000 bracket. The new proposal was for minimum of $300 a month in towns of 5,000 to 25,000 population, $325 in the 25,000 to 75,000 bracket, and $350 in cities with from 75,000 to 150,000 residents. The bill backed by the Police Benevolent and Protective Association of Illinois, was brought in by Senators Clyde Trager of Peoria, Everett R. Peters of St. Joseph and Lottie Holman O'Neill of Downers Grove. Seek Governor's Views An association spokesman said representatives expected to confer in about two weeks with Governor William G. Stratton to sound out his views on the measure. Under the bill, policemen in many cities could get substantial pay rises, and city treasuries would be hit accordingly. Cairo, which association figures showed as paying policemen $181 a month, would have to provide for raises of $119 a month under the bill as it stands. Mt. Vernon, which pays $271.70 would have to give a $29.30 increase. Galesburg, with a salary of $263 a month for policemen, would have to booth its pay to $325 a month. However, some cities already are paying at or near the proposed new minimums, and most have salary schedules fairly well above the old floors. Disability Pay Among other bills presented In the Assembly Tuesday were those to: Set up a system of weekly disability payments for workers temporarily unable to work because of illness. Give townships and road districts until Oct. 1, rather than to next June 30, to levy local road and bridge taxes necessary to qualify for a share in state motor fuel tax revenues as provided in a 1951 enactment. Neck to Ankle Armor Planned By Associated Press WITH U. S. SEVENTH DIVISION, Korea - Some American fighting men in Korea soon may be sheathed in armor from neck to ankle. Armored vests are standard. Armored shorts are being tested in combat. Armored leggings apparently are next. The latest item in the fast-developing body armor program is the nylon-armor legging, which will be attached to the shorts. None of the leggings have been sent to Korea, but are expected soon. They are being tested by the quartermaster general's office in Washington. Capt. Mack Strauss, South Bend, Ind., head of the body armor testing team, said use of the leggings probably will be limited to mine detection teams. Leggings, plus other armored garments, would result in too much of a load for the combat soldier. The armored vest weighs eight pounds and the shorts four pounds. Strauss said the leggings would add eight more for a total of 20 pounds. County Board to Meet March 9 The Jefferson County Board of Supervisors will meet in regular session at the court house here on March 9. They will act on county bills for the past three month period and transact other county business. The session is expected to last for two days. Allied Napalm Minefield Stretches Across Korea By Associated Press CENTRAL FRONT, Korea. - Mines which shower flaming death in all directions guard the Allied lines across the 155-mile Korean battle front. And Lt. George McElroy. who helped develop them, says they "are going to slow down any Red attack that comes in." The jellied gasoline (napalm) mines can be detonated electrically by Allied troops, or set off by Red soldiers who trip over a wire or plunger apparatus. "Fire shoots out 15 to 25'yards, sticks to whatever It hits, and burns there," McElroy said. "If the Communists are on the sur- face-if they don't have a hole to hide in-they will be killed by it. It usually only takes a 20 per cent burn to kill a man." The lieutenant, chemical officer of a U. S. infantry division, says the napalm mines are probably the cheapest lethal weapon of its kind in the Allied arsenal. "It costs maybe $8 apiece for the mines," he said. "They are just five gallons of gas, thickened, a firing device and burster. I know of no comparable mine which is produced as cheaply." The mines yvere invented in Korea in November, 1951, by some officer or soldier whose>name has been forgotten. U.S. Casualties Go Over 130,000 By Associated Press WASHINGTON- Announced U. S. battle casualties in Korea reached 130,093 today, an increase of 274 since last week. The Defense Department's weekly summary based on notifications to families through last Friday reported: Killed in action ............ 20,545 Wounded.......................... 96,518 Missing ............................ 13,030 Total ................................ 130,093 ADLAI IS GUEST OF IKE :ND CURBS ON DAIRY AND COAL PRICES Government Decontrols Milk, Butter, Drugs, Cosmetics and Service Charges in Order Today. By Associated Press WASHINGTON - The government today lifted price controls from milk, butter, ice cream and other dairy products. Drugs, cosmetics, coal and most service charges, such as for auto, radio and television repairs, also were freed from controls. Price Stabilizer Joseph Freehill said the items decontrolled in the new list affect about 10 per cent of the articles used in making up the cost of living index. He said the Office of Price Stabilization still retains full control over about 13 per cent of the items and partial control over about 3.5 per cent. Missing from the list was cigarettes and other tobacco products on which OPS had planned Tuesday to lift controls. The agency decided overnight to substitute milk and dairy products and oleomargarine for the tobaccoes. This was the third major action in stripping off price curbs since President Eisenhower called for ending controls in an orderly manner by April 30. $25 Billion Affected Freehill estimated that more than 25 billion dollars worth of goods and services based on an annual business volume was affected by today's action. Freehill predicted at a news conference there would be price increases for many of the newly exempt items. He mentioned higher charges for services, some spot-tel increases on milk and dairy products, and general raise's for many types of building materials. Among major commodities and services decontrolled in the new list, effective at once, are: Lumber, wood products and related services, including such things as plywood, siding, poles, wallboards and pilings. This industry is estimated as doing six billion dollars of business yearly at the manufacturers level. Coal, all other solid fuels and related commodities such as coke, briquets, and coal chemicals such as coal tar, creosote oil and tar bases. Freehill estimated coal and coal products business at around 'ive billion dollars a year. Drugs and cosmetics, including ill medicines, toilet preparations, dentifrices and pharmaceutical products. Freehill estimated the drug industry does three billion dollars of business at retail annually, with the cosmetics industry doing one billion dollars. Laundry Still Controlled All consumer-type services except laundry, dry cleaning and linen and diaper supply services. Services affected by the action include fees for parking lots; automobile, radio, television and appliance r e p a i rs ; warehousing, docks and terminal fees, rental charges for cars and admission to sports events. 4-Year-Old Twins Drown in Lake By Associated Press TAMPA, Fla. - Four-year-old twins who had recently begun swimming lessons tried out their ability on their own and drowned in a manmade lake Tuesday. Bill and Leslie Robson sank struggling in the 15 feet of water while two adults who could not swim vainly tried to reach them with poles. Their mother, Mrs. Jack Rob-son, arrived soon after they had gone under and dived several times in an effort to locate them in the cloudy water. Firemen recovered the bodies. ,, < .tin v.-.-^.-.-.v.".**f _____*_______ President Elsenhower and his guest, Adlal Stevenson, leave the White House after lunch Tuesday. The unsuccessful Democratic candidate for president told reporters he was very grateful to the President for the invitation. They came out on the steps to pose for photographers. (AP Wirephoto) TO NOMINATE CANDIDATES IN THISTOWNSHIP Democrats and Republicans to Hold Separate Conventions Saturday. Democrats and Republicans of Mt. Vernon township will hold separate conventions here this Saturday, February 21, to nominate candidates for the April 7 township election. At the same time caucuses will be held in other townships of the county as the major parties complete their slates for the spring elections. In Mt. Vernon township, each party will nominate one candidate for township clerk, one candidate for township assessor, one candidate for school trustee, five candidates for justice of the peace and five candidates for constable. The caucus of the Republican party will begin at 1:30 p. m. in the big council room at the Mt. Vernon city hall. The convention of the Democratic party will start at 2:00 p. m. in the circuit court room of the Jefferson county court house. Candidates can file petitions for township office nominations if they desire. However nominations will also be accepted from the floor at both party conventions. " On April 7 voters of this township will go to the polls to elect a town clerk, town assessor, school trustee, five justices of the peace and five constables. Free Trips for Congress Out By Associated Press WASHINGTON - The House Rules Committee Tuesday turned thumbs down on one proverbial congressional activity: global trips at public expense. The policy-shaping group, which passes on what legislation should be submitted to the .House, whacked from three committee investigate requests any authority to travel abroad. In approving bills giving investigative authority to the foreign affairs, armed services, labor, ways and means, and post office committees, it okayed overseas travel only for the armed services and foreign affairs groups. "The lid is on junkets," declared Chairman Leo Allen (R-Ill.). 84 CASUALTIES By Associated Press WASHINGTON - The Defense Department today identified 84 Korean War casualties in a new list (No. 752) that included 15 killed, 64 wounded and 5 injured. It also reported captured two who were previously listed as missing in action. Cool Weather Next Month By Associated Press WASHINGTON - The Weather Bureau expects most of the country to be as cool or cooler than usual in the next 30 days. It said Tuesday: "The outlook for the period from mid-February to mid-March calls for temperatures to average below seasonal normals over the eastern half of the nation with the exception of New England and along the Gulf Coast where near normal is indicated. Over the Southwest temperatures averaging above normal are predicted, but other western regions are expected to average not far from normal. "The outlook for precipitation indicates greater than normal amounts in the Pacific Northwest and along the Atlantic seaboard. Elsewhere seasonal amounts are expected, except for subnormal from Oklahoma and most of Texas westward to Southern California." TOSSES CHILDREN OUT OF BURNING HOME TO SAFETY Mother Drops 3 Into Passerby's Arms, Leaps With Fourth. By Associated Press ST. LOUIS.- With flames cutting off exits from her homo, a 41-year-old mother tossed three young children to a passer-by from a second-floor window Tuesday night, then leaped to safety with a fourth child in her arms. The woman Mrs. Rosalie Smith, was treated for first and second-degree burns on her arms and back at City Hospital. Only one of the children. 3-year-old Nathan, suffered injury. Ho received a slight scalp wound. The passer-by, Frank F.ssel-mann, caught Nathan. Linsa, 2, and 11-month-old Alice in his arms. Then he partially broke the fall of Mrs. Smith and Fred, 4. America Buys French Warships By Associated Press PARIS -The United Stales and France today signed off-shore procurement contracts for building 38 naval vessels in France at a cost of 106 million dollars. Off shore procurements are orders to spend U. S. money in Allied countries. REPORT BRAKE VALVE CAUSED TRAIN WRECK Sabotage Not Mentioned in Probe of Washington Union Station Accident. Two Tremendous Air Blows Landed in Dawii-to-Dusk Attack On Bom Near Pyongyang. FOUR YANKS TAKE ON 32 RED PLANES Bombers Set "Hellish Fire" With Explosions Which Jar Own Planes 11,000 Feet Up. Spiritual Diary For Lent - Starts Today on Page 4 By Associated Praia WASHINGTON-The Interstate Commerce Commission said today an incorrectly placed brake valve caused the spectacular wreck of a runaway express train in Washington's Union Station. The ICC recommended that all railway cars having brake valves placed in a similar position be checked immediately to make sure that they can't cause similar ac cidents. The wreck here, on Jan. 15, came when the Federal Express from Boston, operated jointly by the New Haven and Pennsylvania Railroads, failed to stop as it came into the station. It ran off the dead end rails, and crashed into the concourse of the huge station. No one was killed, but at the time about 50 were reported injured. The ICC said today that its count showed 87 persons were hurt in one way or another. The villain in the great train wreck was an angle cock on the rear end of the third car, the ICC found. Every railway car has angle cock, supposedly fool pro" at each end. At an earlier investigation on Capitol Hill, members of the Senate Commerce Committee had suggested that possibly sabotage had occurred, with someone deliberately closing the angle cock. But throughout the ICC hearing sabotage was never mentioned, and it was not referred to in the commission's 15-page report. No Hivnks On 13 Cars After the wreck, the angle cock at the end of the third car was found to be partly closed. The ICC said this meant that the brakes in the last 13 cars of the train were unable to function. This would mean that the train came in with brakes working only on the big electric locomotive and the first three cars. It hit the stop block at the end of the tracks at a speed estimated at from 35 to 50 miles an hour. Testimony given to the commission showed that the third car's angle cock had been bumping a coupler hanger during the trip. One ICC safety expert said he thought the bumping would (have been sufficient to close the | angle cock so that air could not pass through it. TENNESSEE QUAKE By Associated Press FINLEY, Tenn. - Two more minor earthquakes jarred houses and rattled dishes and windows in this Northwest Tennessee town Tuesday. No damage was reported. �y AssMlatod Presa SEOUL. - Nearly 400 Allied fighter-bombers blasted a big North Korean; tank and Infantry training base into flaming ruin in dawn to dusk raids today, touchr ing off furious air battles that saw seven Red Migs shot from the skies, the U. S. Fifth Air Force reported. Two tremendous air blows by.'a total of 379 fighter-bombers-turned the center near the North,Korean capital of Pyongyang into a sea of "hellish fire~with great explosions that jarred raider plan-es 11,000 feet up, returning pilots reported. Air Force and Marine planes teamed in the strike, billed as the largest of the year. Late arrivals over the target said fires and towering smoke columns made,it impossible to tell immediately how much damage was wrought. While .fighter-bombers sysenv atically worked' over the target, swift sabres barreled on north and took on MIG-15 jets who were heading south from their Man-churian bases toward the bombing scene. 4 Sabres Fight 82 MIGs There was a series of short and savage air battles, in one of which four Sabres defiantly took on 32 MIGs. Today's seven boosted to 35 the number of MIGs reported destroyed or damaged in five days of fierce aerial fights. Of these, 14 were destroyed, five probably destroyed and 16 damaged. Incomplete reports today said Sabre pilots shot down five MIGs deep over Northwest Korea and destroyed two more by out-maneuvering them in swirling dogfights that produced the 26th ace of the Korean War. The new ace is Capt. Manuel J. Fernandez of Miami. He was credited with two killed today. This confirmed total to six MIGs destroyed and one probably destroyed. Two forces totaling 379 Allied fighter-bombers smashed the training school center at Kangso, directly west of Pyongyang. Fifth Air Force and Marine planes rained more than 75,000 pounds of explosives on the target area in morning and afternoon strikes. Pilots said their bombs touched off many secondary explosions, indicating direct hits on ammunition and fuel dumps. Numerous fires hurled clouds of smoke into the sky. An estimated 139 buildings were destroyed. Little Ground Action There was little action along the icy-cold ground front. U. S. Eighth Army reported only brief skirmishes as temperatures plunged below zero all across the peninsula. Stealing Yeast By Truckload By Associated Prasa CHICAGO.-Police today seized two men who, they said, were trying to steal a truckload of yeast from a South Side warehouse. One of the men, Frank Vito Jr., 25, was free on $30,000 bond on a federal charge of hijacking a $50,-000 truckload of whiskey Sept. 5 from the Des Moines Transfer Co., Chicago. The cargo was consigned to the Iowa Liquor Control Commission. Seized with Vito inside the warehouse of the National Yeast Corp. was George E. Lesko, 23. They were held without charge for questioning. Vito is to be tried April 6 on the hijacking charge. Indicted with him Oct. 3 were William Patrick Sheehan 24, and Daniel E, Ryan Jr., 23. Ryan was shot to death Dec. 3 by an unknown assailant. _ CHARGE 300 MURDERED By Asseaiatad Prasa PUSAN, Korea. - The captain and crew members of a south Korean ferryboat which capsized last month with a drfsth toll of nearly 300 have been tyargsd with murder.