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Decatur Review (Newspaper) - December 5, 1918, Decatur, Illinois 40th Year, No. THURSDAY EVENING December 5, 1918 DECATUR R EVI EW DAILY AND BT REVIEW CARRIERS Itc A WKEK IN DECATUR AND EL6EWHERE DECATUR, ILLINOIS BVBRT IN 'THE! TEAR BRITAIN WILL ACCEPT NO LIMITATIONS ON SEA POWERS London, Wednesday, Dec. British naval authorities have decided that it will be necessary to demand the return of Helgoland to Great Britain from Germany, Winston Spencer Churchill, the minister of munitions announced in a speech at Dundee tonight WILL TAKE NO LIMITATIONS. "We enter the peace Eaid Mr. Churchill, during the course of his address, "with the absolute de- termination that no limitation shall be imposed on our-rleht to maintain our naval defense. We do not intend, no matter what arguments and ap- peals are addressed to us, to lend ourselves in any way to any fetter- Ing restrictions wh-ch will prevent p.' the British navy maintaining its and well-deserved suprem- acy. ISLAND HISTORY. The island of Helgoland, formerlv Banish, was ceded to Great Britain in 1S14. In 1S90 Great Brita.n ceded it to Germany, who began develop- ing- it into an extremely important naval base. It lies in the North sea off the mouths of Elbe and Weser and of the entrance to the Kiel canal, it dominates. The Island was a German naval stronghold throughout the great war, its occupation by the allies was un- der consideration shortly after the signing of the armistice when the German naval revolution made it ap- pear doubtful if Germany would com- ply with the naval terms of the ar- mistice. These, however, seem since to have been fulfilled nearly in their entirety. Atlantic City, X. J., Dec. in- austrial creed for "the four parties to management, labor and the out- lined by John D. Rockefeller Jr., in an address today before the war 'emergency and reconstruction con- ference, in session here. INDUSTRIAL CREED. Asserting that capital and labor are partners with common interests, and not enemies, Mr. Rockefeller stated ten tenets of his industrial creed. These included advancement by in- dustry of social as well material well-being of employes; opportunity by emplojes to earn a 'living" under conditions of fair wages, reasonable hours'and proper industrial environ- ment; reward for initiative and effi- ciency; machinery for uncovering and promptly adequate representation of all the industrial parties with annual joint conferences, to assure industrial har- mony and prosperity in each plant, this system extended "to in- clude all plants in the same Industry, all industries in a community in a nation, and in the various nations." Xew York, Dec. 5 trades professions are represented in first 350 applications received by the Zionist organization of America '.from persons who are prepared to Jeave for Palestine at once for serv- ice in the establishment there of the Jewish homeland. A special depart- ment has been established by the or- ganization to collect the information contained in these applications. Sev- eral sub-committees have been at- tached to this department, including ono on investment and another, in charge of the Zionist society of en- gineer, to study that physical aspect of the Jewish re-settlement of Pal- estine. The most pressing ac- cording to the organization, Is for Hebrew teachers, since the school system of Palestine is to be reor- ganized. CHINESE PEACE DELEGATES LEAVE Peking, Monday. Dec. Cheng- Beiang, foreign minister, who will head China's delegation at the peace conference at Versailles, left last night. He was accompanied by a party of fifteen, which included M. Decoot, a Belgian, who will act in an advisory capacity. After a. short stay in Japan the party -will proceed to Paris by way of America. BOYCOTT STILL ON CHILEAN SHIPS Lima, Peru, Wednesday, Dec. 4. The Chilean consul general left to- day for Santiago, stating that his had advised him to take the archives with him. The boycott against Chilean vessels continues, forcing those which have brought cargoes to Peruvian ports to return tn ballast. New York, Dec. effi- ciency in public administration would save the people of this coun- try a year, United States Senator Charles S. Thomas of Colo- rado, told the Association of Life In- surance Presidents in a thrift con- feience which began here today. Sen- ator Thomas is a member of the senate committee on finance. "The war leaves us a legacy of n stupendous declared Senator Thomas "It will reach, if It floes not exceed, or twice as much as the combined debt of the allied nations, Including Russia, when the war began. The annual In- terest upon this stupendous sum will be nearly twice the net total of the nation's annual pre-war expenditure. This means a vastly in- creased rate and radius of taxation. The people must bear the burden, for Germany can not make indemnity. They will bear it willingly, if econ- omy in public administration and the application of every dollar to the public needs shall become the policy of the government. They vv ill not and should not be content If the gross extravagances of the past con- tinue E F080 SUPPLY Chicago, Dec. 5 house figures submitted to Assistant United States District Attorney Dickinson will be made the basis of an inquiry into their possible relation to mount- ing prices of food products. This announcement was made today and some of the statistics placed before the federal officer were given pub- licity. It was stated that approxi- mately 91.4 per cent of all the cold storage butter supply of Illinois and 83 S per cent of the egg supply is held by eight big storage houses of Chicago The remainder is held by twenty-five smaller storage houses scattered throughout the city. On Nov. 1, it was said, the country as a whole had pounds of butter in cold storage and cases of eggs. HOTELS FIE Paris, Tues. Dec. Is filled to overflowing Prices all hotel rooms, following the requisitioning of 25 hotels for peace conference pur- poses, have doubled and tripled and are still going ur Food in res- taurants and prices generally are similarly mounting. A breakfast of coffee, bread and butter continues to cost between SI and at hotels. It is virtually impossible to lunch or dine for less than thrte or four dollars for a sim- ple meal. People arriving at the city frequently go to fifteen or twen- ty hotels before they secure rooms, for which the owners demand large sums and refuse to lower their rates, saying they can get the price. The city is becoming more crowded daily, with the bulk of the confer- ence officials and others interested in getting rooms, such as several hun- dred of the world's newspaper cor- respondents not yet here. Whera persons of the latter class are go- ing to find accommodations nobody in Paris knows. In addition to ail the other arrivals officers and men of all the armies are coming to Pill if. on leave in considerable numbers Sometimes as many as twenty officers stand for an hour in front of hotel offices waiting for somebody to leave, when they all demand accommoda- tions. NO STATEMENT FROM WILLIAM IBy Associated Prcsi I Amorcngen, Tuesday, Dec. 3 am a private citizen and while tn Holland will not make an> statement for publication whatever.' This was the former German em- pcroi's message to the Associated Press correspondent when he called at Count von Bentlcken's castle again yesterday. The German general acting as or- derly, formerly governor of Metz, brought the message direct from Wil- liam Hohenzollern, who was Inclined to make a public declaration but lat- er changed his mind. The message continued: "You must fully realize my posi- tion. I am threatened on all sides with criminal charges, which. If brought, I must face. Therefore I must reserve any statement until charges are actually brought, "Also, I owe a certain loyalty to the present German government and cannot make a declaration which might others." TO DEB 20 Per Cent of War Time Strength to Be Dis- charged at Once. Washington, Dec of ,20 per cent of the navy's war-time personnel, about men, has been authorized. Secretary Daniels said today the men would be re- leased as quickly as possible with clue regard to the convenience of the serv ice. The release of enlisted men Is au- thorized not because the navy is over-manned, but to permit the re- turn to civil pursuits of youths who loined for the war and who do not intend to follow the sea. PRIVATE BOATS GIVEN BACK. Private jachts, motor boats and other craft taken over by the navy for the ar already are being turned back to their owners. Mr. Daniels said by February 700 craft will have been stricken from the navy list. Members of naval units in schools and colleges will complete their training and then stand discharged In the cases of special student bodies, such as the paymasters' school at Princeton and the ensigns' schools at Annapolis, students In the present classes upon graduation will be com- missioned in the reserve. LAND AND WORK FOR HUN WARRIORS Amsterdam, Dec. 5 The Berlin Tages Zeltung of Monday saya that Field Marshal von Hindenburg ad- dressed the following proclamation to his troops "The preliminary work for a land settlement on a big scale is In pro- gress and will be pushed forward as rapidly as the shortage of coal and of building materials will permit. The returning warriors will first re- ceive the thanks of the country for more than four years' work in a thousand battles in which they were unbeaten. "Hundreds of thousands of build- ings will be erected on cheaply ac- quired land with public money loaned at low rates to farmers, gardeners, and country artisans Houses will be built for workers, employes, and of- ficials belonging to sedentary occu- pations and transferred to them on the payment of a moderate portion of the actual costs Only have pa- tience a little while. Help the wounded fatherland through its hard- est time. Save it again by German manly discipline and order and thus make your own future and your own happiness TERS OF Ul DELEGATES Paris, Tuesday, Dec. 3 for Secretary of State Lansing and the other American delegates to the peace conference have been assigned at the Crillon hotel, on the Place de La Concorde. This large hotel has been divided up Into suites of rooms for the delegates. Each suite will comprise living quarters and a busi- ness office for each delegate and his immediate secretaries. The apart- ments overlook the Esplanade of Place De La Concorde, which Is now filled with war trophies, and where stand the great statues of Stras- bourg, Llllo and Mete, each covered with floral offerings and flags. Each suite is handsomely furnished and lias paintings and tapestries Thero are commodious baths and sleeping chambers. The delegates will probably dine together in what was formerly the hotel restaurant. All accessories, including the bar, have been removed. Most of the conferences between the American delegates will be held In the large salon at the Hotel Crll- lon The business offices of the dele- gation, where several hundred ex- perts on international law, geo- graphical boundaries, intelligence, etc, will work, will be in a large building adjoining. Joseph C Grew, secretary of the peace delegation, has established quarters there. NEW PROCESS ON MAKING GLYCERIN Washington, Dec synthetic process of making glycerin, largely used In making explosives, from the fermentation of sugar was a dis- covery made during the war and closely guarded until yesterday when the secret was divulged. The process was tried out on a large scale at a chemical plant at Aurora, 111., and found commercially .able. Against Be Making ernment Weak. IBs Associated Press.l Berlin, Dec. Karl Lleb- knecht and his followers of the Spartacus group of Socialists are carrying on a vigorous campaign against Premier Ebeit and his col- leagues, whom the Spartacus Social- ists accuse of having "induced the mortal enemy of the German revolu- tion, namely. International capital- ism represented by President Wilson, to make the delivery of food condi- tional on the maintenance of 'or- der.' The Bolshevik organ, the Red Flag, Is treachery against the rev- olution. Any attempt to send food to Germany must be opposed as a cap- italistic effort to beat Bolshevik aims." The article demands the dismissal of officers and the choosing by sol- diers of tlielr leaders. It also de- mands the Immediate arming of tho revolutionary workmen and the dis- arming of other organizations. The program Includes the destruc- tion of capltallfam, the annulment of war loans and the socialization of all business. GOVERNMENT WEAK. The government declares Lleb- knecht has no followers outside Ber- lin and only a few here In interviews with the correspond- ent today leading men of Berlin showed pessimism over the situation, taking the ground that tho govern- ment was not displaying the vigor and determination required to cope with the danger. LOOKS LIKE R0SSIA. There Is a disquieting likeness be- tween the situation here and that ob- served by the corespondent in Petro- grad in 1017. Here as In Petrografl, the government seemingly Is in- spired by good motives. The mem- bers of the government make fair speches, but the Bolshevik are those who act and whose followers, re- cruited from the crimlna' classes, possess arms, while the bourgeojso and conservative socialists are un- armed. PRIDE GONE The chief argument of tho optim- ists Is that the Germans are not Rus- sians but they say that nothing can be safely predicted on the knowledge of German character before war. Tho spirit and pride of a great bulk of the people are utterly gone, they con- tend, and the situation Is unfavor- ably affected by the belief that the food supplies In the cities will not avail until the new year and that crushing peace terms will be Im- posed. FOR TRIP Washington, Dec. 5. By unani- mous vote the senate foreign rela- tions committee today disapproved the resolution of Senator Cummins of Iowa, Republican, proposing to send a senate committee to Paris for the peace conference. Various :easons were assigned by members for opposition to the Cum- mins plan, which provided that four Democratic and four Republican senators should go to Paris, not as peace delegates, but to keep the sen- ate informed. Some membeis, Re- publicans as well as Democrats, thought such a step would be undig- nified. Cleveland, O., Dec. IflO street car men who went on strike at j o'clock Tuesday morning because of the employment of women conductors, and since which hour not a car has been operated, probably will return to work at 4 30 o'clock this after- noon, with cars in operation on all lines. The stri' era will assemble at 1 p. m. today to vote on terms that their union leaders have accepted for them. FAVOR RETURN OF ROADS TO OWNERS New York. Dec. B of railroads comprising more than 90 per cent of the rail mileage of the country, In conference here yester- day, adopted a resolution favoring a return of the roads to private own- ership and expressing the hope that the remaining period of federal con- trol would be such as to leave the properties In the highest state of efficiency. Government ownership and opera- tion of railroads was characterized as "not conductive to the highest eco- nomic efficiency of the and it was suggested that "private Initia- tive, enterprise and responsibility In creation, extension, improvement and operation should, as, a matter of na- tional policy, be fostered and pre- Representative From Vir- ginia is McAdoo's Successor. Washington, Dec. 5 tive Carter Glass of Virginia was nominated today by President Wilson to be secretary of the treasury, INTO OFFICE DEC. 15. Mr Glass will go Into office on Dec. 1C under an agreement with Secretary McAdoo, whoso resignation was accepted by the piesldcnt to take effect upon the appointment and qualification of his successor. Washington, Dec. Lewis of Illinois, Democrat, in the senate yesterday, declared that appointment of a senator on the peace delega- tion would have been comparable to appointing members of the supreme cuurt to sit in a lower court. The public, Senator Lewie Bald, had been given the impression that the Presi- dent by falling to appoint a sena- tor showed a lack of respect for the body, wheieas he was sure the pres- ident had no such Intention He suggested that if a senator had appointed Europe would have thought a prejudiced tribunal had been sent by the United States .ind ashed 1C freedom of senators to op- pose the treaty when presented for latlficatlon would not have been par- alyzed A senator on the peare com- mission, he added, could not have kept the senate informed of all pre- liminary negotiations and pointed out that on all other tieatles the senate his only had the final draft "I
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