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Chicago Daily Tribune: Wednesday, August 15, 1945 - Page 1

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   Chicago Daily Tribune (Newspaper) - August 15, 1945, Chicago, Illinois                                PdRAMtRIOANS THE   WORLD'S NEWSPAPER Aif. If� (III* (KifrllMll FINAL VOLUMte CtV^NO. 195  � i*i�*rrmn cmIw to mtb i��a>. TEHPEBAItmcS IN CHICAOO iNan.......n ff. m....fS 1�. �I....1S Sp. m....ia 1-.45. .Sl.H �p.n....'>l t�. � ...7B lOp, ....ID ----s �. b ...80 11 p. �....es  >. m ...*�   4 �.� ...79'Mldn'l....tBa ��.�...Ift   St.. 10,...19, 1 .�....� IO1.BI...IS   6�.a....7s   s�.ni....�0 ai . , Hlih.   �U�. tsnrtM. a.SS. Siawl. l'.S2. MoonMi. IliSO ^ w.   Mgrnlni lUri, Mi,�. Vuu, �� Ur. Jupltci. ro� St h�iin endta Tijn p. m . All- \*-Ucaii UmpCTitart, 7Ki nonatl.' it; Jan. 1. S�0 itittn. tmlpittU**, .tt, (t,,u Uatt A�|. t. I.fll Utktu *>c n. I, S.SS Intkn. �tokti* la� TelNllr. Z* nUu � hotu. a�MtM kciBMKT, 7:30 %. a., S4 yw ctMi SiSO �.       7Bi 7:30 p. at., SS. tUraoKiu lodlar. 7sS0 a.      SB.TS lafhMl fiSO * aa.. se.Ol tn(hM, roCLEM COUKTi rar St hogra t�M S p. > a�f.      4 sralu P� nbic rar4 at �tf, teatlal ittathat tapart �|. paw H] BY LAUKBNCE BUKD ICUcaiaTrlbant rmi Sirrlcal Washington. D. C. Aug. 14-Se-lectlva service tonight stopped the drafting of ell men 36 v'cars of age and over after President Truman dttaclcd draft caWs be eui from live present 80.000 to 50,000 a month. The President predicted Ave to 5H million soldiers will be released] from the army within the next 13 to IB months. Most Draftees to (> 18 The stop draft order tor men 26 and older was Issued by Draft Dl rector Hershey In a wire to all state selective service directors. Hershey directed that future draft calls be filled from men .18 thru 25 who are not subject to occupational determents. The result wilt be, lie said, that most dra/tees will be 18 years old. Un selectiva scrvire inductions ichcduted Jot today and tomorrow in HUnoia hav� been cal'rd oB, it viat announced by Cot Paul G. Arrrt' stron|7, sipte director 0/ scfecd've service.] Truman's statement said the fu ture Inductees are needed to furnish constant flow of replacements to occupation forces in Germany and Japan, so that men overseas with long service records may be brought home and discharged. Beplaccment " Imperative " President Truman's statement said In part: In justice to the millions of men who have given long and faithful service under the difficult and hazardous conditions of the Pacific war and elsewhere overseas a constant flow of replacements to the occupational forces Is thought to be Un perative. "Mathematically and morally no other course of action appears ac eeptable . . . Requirements for future induc' tlon into the army win be limited to the lowest age groups which will provide the numbers of men required. Preliminary estimates Indicate that the age groups under 26 will gatiafj- this requirement" Zaps Develop Two Ptlls to Cure Their Cold Feet San Francisco. Cai, Aug. 14 yP)-Japanese said today their scientists had developed two wonder drugs, koha and shlko that had cured thousands of persons burned in air raids. A Oomei news agency broadcast said the pills also are goou for chilblains (Chilblains are sores retHtUino from exposurt of th� hand* or feet to cotd.1 Tribune Features fslif MWr�f* Ml fl4 4lrMl*HM JUkYa i94S UfMu   1 lOQQiOOO THK^CNIOiaO TRItUNS Crossword puzzle...........Pageit Dick Tracy.................Page 20 Editorials ...............Page 18 Farm and Garden  .........PageZO Friend of the Vanks........Pace 18 Gasolihe Alley............ .Page 21 Gumps .....................Page IS) Harold Teen................PageU Inquiring Camera Girl......rage29 Moon Mullins...............Pa  PARIS, Aug. 15 IWadnesdayl-tff) -Marshal Petain was convicted and sentenced to death,parly today by three judges and a 34 man Jury who deliberated almost seven hours. The high court of Justice added U "hoped the sentcnc* would not be executed." IThia reeommeHdaliOH for elam-ency prcsumoblv toiU be considered by Con. da Oaulle, president of tho French, protJisionnl gowmment.l Besides condemning the 80 year old former chief of the Vlehy state to death for "plotting against the Internal safety of France," the court also aentenced him to national In' dignity and ordered confiscation of all his property. Beview Collaboration The lensthy Judgment, read by Judge Monglbeaux, president of the court, went over the acta of collaboration ot tha Vichy government with Germany point by point and laid their responsibility to Tctaln. Monglbeaux said the marshal Insti tutcd "a verltablCaTcgime of terror" In France. The court found FeUtn guilty of attacking the security ot the sUte and intelligence with the enemy and ot trying to overthrow the repub-' llcan regime of France. While recognizing that many ot Vichy's acts were not committed dl recUy by Petain, the Judgment said he "must be held responsible for acts committed under his authority." Petaln'a Final Statement In his final statement to the Jury yesterday Pelaln had spoken slowly, obviously with great emotion, saying, " My thought, my only thought, was to remain with the people of France as I promised instead of abandoning them in their agony. "Whatever happens, they will know that I defended Ihem as defended Verdun, Members of the Jury, my Ufe and liberty are in your hands. My honor belongs to your country- You may condemn me to death, you may Judge me according to your conscience. Miive Is clear. My Ufe has not belonged to me tor long time. On the threshold of death I swear that I always served France." lA Reutort dispatch ttated that charges of intciUgCHce with the enemy a�7ainat Eugenie Petain, the marshal's wife, had been dropped.] 7 thank god; m'arthur says on war*s end MANILA. Aug. 15 IWedncsdsyJ-{fP)-" I thank a merciful God that this mighty struggle Is about to end," Cen. MacArthur commented this morning after receiving oflJcial notification of the Japanese capitulation and of his appointment as supreme allied commander of the occupation forces. " I shall at once take steps to stop hostilities and further bloodshed. "The magnificent men and women who have fought so well for victory win return to their homes in due course and resume their civilian pursuits. " They have been good soldiers In war. May they be equally good citizens In peace." Calls for Jap Radio New York, Aug. 15 I Wednesday 1- WJ-Gen. MacArthur. in his first commu'hicatlon to Japan, has just ordered the Japanese government and Imperial general staff to put a radio station at his continuoui disposal for communication ot h\% or-ders to Japan. NBCs Merrill Mueller radioed from MacArlhur's headquar-ters in Manila today. Words That Ended War Washington, D. C, Aug. 14 (AP)-Following is the text of President Truman's statement on the Japanese surrender: " I have received this afternoon a message from the Japanese government in reply to the message forwarded to that govern* ment by the secretary ofstate on Aug. 11. " I deem this reply a full acceptance of the Potsdam declaration which specifics the unconditional surrender of Japan, In the reply there is no qualification. *' Arrangements are now being made for the formal signing of surrender terms at the earliest possible,moroent. AUiea to Be Represented " Gen. Douglas MacArthur has been appointed the supreme allied commander to receive the Japanese surrender. Great Britain, Russia, and China will be represented by high ranking officers. " Meantime, tiie allied armed forces have been ordered to suspend offensive action. "The proclamation of V-J day must,wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan." Jepan'a Note of Acceptance Acknowledging the correspondence between the allies, and Tokyo, the text of the Japanese note pertaining to Japan's acdept ance of the Potsdam terms was as follows} " 1. His majesty the emperor has issued an imperial rescript regarding Japan's acceptance of the provisions of the Potsdam declaration. Emperor Assures Signature . "2 His majesty fhe cisperot is preparirfto authorize-and insure the signature of his governaicnt and the imperial general headquarters of the necessary"tt�n� for tarrying out the provisions of the Potsdam declaration. " His majesty is also prepared to issue his commands to all the military, naval, and air authorities of Japan and all the forces under their control wherever located to cease active operations, to surrender arms, and to issue such orders as may be required by the supreme commander of the allied forces for the execution of the above mentioned terms." HIROHITO ACCEPTS ROLE OF PUPPET; AGREES TO GARRY OUT AlilED ORDERS EndControls oiManPower; Halt Contracts Washington. O. C. Aug. 14 ISpe-clall-Cancellation ot contracts by the billions of dollars and abandonment or relaxation of war controls over individuals and industry were prompt developments tonight as the nation began adjustfng its war geared tempo to tht uses of peace. There were indications of sharp dislocations on the erstwhUa home front as the Juggernaut of war pro-ducUon felt abrupt brakes on momentum piled up by nearly four years of effort and aaerlflea. Large scale and growing unemployment during a reconversion gap of several months was predleud. Developments included: Inie navy annonced U Is can'  cetlng nearly 6 billion dolfairs In prime contracts in addition to dras-tlce shipbuilding cutbacks recently announced. Man rower CoBtrola End 2The war man power commis- slon terminated all nan power controls and gave the United States lU first free labor market in more than two years. 3Government officials and labor  leaders foresaw a tjiial of 7 million unemployed liy Christmas, with this figure increasing to � million in 1946 before the trend It reversed by peace time production. ^ 4War Moblllier SynSer planned  the release, perhaps tomorrow, ot his overall plan for reconversion with other top war time agencies expected to foUay with doveuiUng plans of their own. 5The office of censorship sold It  Is getting ready to fold up and win end censorship of newa, radio Total Defeat the Firtt in History of Japanese Washington. D. Aug- 14 Wn-Japan retired today from the ranks of undefeated champions. Kei su^ render, a state department oflUclal said, represented the nation's first total defeat in her recorded history. The modern Japanese, however, are descendants of continental Asistiu who succeufuUy invadad tba Is-, (ConUnHOd oa |M� 1K-�oIubui i7 JOYOUS BEDLAM LOOSED IN CITY WOKLD CELEBKAIES The sut reader of Japan touched off wild celebratlona tbmout the allied world. Storlee deeeribbig tha reacUon to the ending o( tha coititeat war in hUtory appear on pages S. g, and 4. (Pielwee on poge 4 ami hatk pQge) Chicago greeted peace Ust night. Pent up restraint and anxieties burst with President TTuman's an nouncement at 6 p. m. Demonstrations hegan Immediate* ly thruout the whole city. Tha loop, the traditional place to celebrate, set the pace. Within minutes after the announcement, 10,000 persons Jammed downtown sidewalks and streets. By 10 p. m. half a million persons had vlslted-s)r tried to visit-the area. They were noisy. They represent ed all ages and all classes. Elderly men and women were as numerous aa bobby soxers. The celebrants shouted, they aaag, and danced, hut they were orderly. Taverns end cocktail lounges had closed their doors immediately. Klaees Shower on Veterana Thousands of sailors, soldiers, and marines were thera Voung women kissed them until their faces were smeared with lipstick. At State and Madison tU., 30 aall-ore.formed a line, grabbed pretty girls as they passed, ktued them, and paued them from one. to an other. Most of the loop workers ware on their way home when the aanounea-ment was made. Thouaandk of then turned back. Street cars, buses, and [ConttDBod on puo    eolamn g) Two Day Holiday for Pay Purposes Washing^n. P. ^' WV-nual leave. He sold ft was in I'la- Tomorrow and Thursday are daya ade ttaa�emfeg9m EMPEROR SAYS ATOMBOMBMADE NIPPON GIVE UP Truman to Proclaim VJ Day After Emissaries Coimplete Signing of Formal Terms I8Y TRX ASSOCI^TID PRSSa) A Domel dispatch broadcast by the Tokyo radio said last night that Emperor Hirohlto, speaking for the first time by radio, had told the Japanese people that "the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb " andlshouM Japan continue to fight "It would lead to the total extinction of human civilisation." This he said, caused him to accept the Potsdam declaration, Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki told the Japanese nation that Japan's war "aim" had been "lost by the enemy's use of the new type bomb." He added that Japan faced a "diflicult" future and said ;'thel defense of national polity is our' duty now." His broadcast was te-l corded by the FCC "To EffMt Settlement* Emperor Hirohlto was quoted as| saying: "Pondering ceeplr the general! trends of the world and the actualj conditions of . . . [indistinct word] in our empire today, we have decided to effect  settlement of the present situation by resorting to an extraordinary measure. We have ordered our government to com municata .0 the governments of the United States, Great Britain, China, and the soviet union, that our emperor accepts the provisions of the' [Potsdam declaration. "Indeed, we declared war oa{ America and Britain out of our sin cere desire to insure Japan's self-preservation and the establishment of East Asia. " But now the war has lasted for nearly four years. DesVte the best that has been done by every one-! the gallant flghUng of the military and naval forces, the diligence and assiduity of our aervahta of the state and the devoted service of our 100 million peoplcrthe war sltuaUon has developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage, while the general trends of the world have ail turned against! her interest Telia ot New Bomb "The enemy has begun to employ new and most' cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage Is indeed incalculable, taking the toU of many innocent lives. 'Such being tha case, bow are we to save the milliona ot our subjects' or to atone ourselves before the hallowed spirits ot our tmperial ancestors? This is the reason we have ordered the acceptance ot the Joint declaration of the powers. " Beware most strictiy of any ou^ bursts of emotion whlcK may engender needless complications, of any fraternal contention and strife which auy create confusion, lead ye astray, and cause ye to lose the confidence of the world."^ JBigh Commander 1. Cea, UMcArtbuT 2. 3. 4. Washington. O. C, Aug. 14 (JPh-In on Impromptu speech on the White House lawn early tonight President Truman told a tarko erowd of spectators that this was a great day for democracy. When thousands ot specutors who had waited patiently in Lafayette park across the street from the axeeutiva nansion began a chant: "Wa want Truipan." the President appeared on the White House 4taps with Mra Truman. Surrounded J>y secret servioe men, tha President and his wife walked down the steps, acrou the lawn and around  fountain to the high iron tenca wbteb tronta the White House on Pennsylvania avenue. There tha PraAdcst waved and smiled to tha cnwd. As tha throng eeatlnued cheering, ,Mr. Truman returned to thf White Hum pordv vhait bt .�poki tato^� BY ARTRUR^EARS KENKINO tChtcat* Xiibut rrni Stlrlct] Washin^on, D. C, Aug. 14-The war is over. President Truman at 6 o'clock tonight (Chicago time) an* notmced the unconditional surrender of Japan on the terms dictate by the aUied powers. The Japanese empire fell before the military and industrial might of the United Statesr climaxed last week by the projection of two atomic bombs-America's terrible, new secret weapon- upon two Japanese cities with devastating effect. The Dajr** Events The outstanding events oi surrender day were:' Emperor Hirohlto accepted unconditionally the sur> render terms proclaimed by the United States, Great BriUin, and China at Pbtsdam July 26 and agreed to carry out ail oc-ders of the supreme allied commander of the forces that will occupy Japan. Allied forces were ordered to cease firing and the Japanese government was instructed to issue similar ordcri to all Japanese forces. Gen. MacArthur was appointed supreme allied Icommander and the Japanese government was instructed to surrender formally to him at tht place and time he designates. Await Signing President Truman announced he would proclaim V-J day formally as soon as the surrender terms are signed by the representatives of the Japa-jnesfr government and the allied powers. C House and senate commit-^' tecs began woric on legis-latfon for reconversion of industry from war to peace produ> tioa in preparation for conside/> ation by congress Sept. 5. After a day of conflicting reports concerning the precise oai |ture of the Japanese government's reply to the terms suted [Saturday by the allied powers, .the official text of the Tokyo note was placed in the hands of the President at 5:15 p. m. Chicago time. Truman Satisfied It contained but four paxa-'graphs and the essential part comprised three sentences of 112 words. The President ran his eye over these sentences and looked up With satisfaction, pro-jnnunang them a complete and unqualified . acceptance of the Potsdam ultimatum and of the elucidation of the surrender terms given Saturday by the allies at the request of tlie Japanese government. It was in this elucidation that the allies ttated that the emperor would "be permitted to re> tab his authority, but that bs would be required to carry out the orders of the supreme allied commander and that the ultiiaatt ,{orm of the Jipaottii tfxmai truman orders japanese to cease firing Washington, D. C. Aug. If (flV-Presldent Truman tonight dls.' patched thru State Secretaiy Byrnes an order for th'e Japanese government to stop the war on all fronts. The dispatch was sent- thru the Swiss government. After acknowledging re'epipt of the Jap message, which .Bipies cold he regarded aa a full acceptance by Japan of the Potsdam declaration, he gave the fcdlowing message from A'esldent Truman to,be delivered to the Japanese government: "You ore to proceed as.follows: " 1. Direct prompt cessation of hostlUUes by Japanese forces. In-foming the sup/eme commander for the allied powers of the effective date and hour of such cessation. " X Send emlfsaries at once to the supremo commander tot the allied powers with Information of the diaposition of the Japanese forces and commandera " 3. Eor the purpose ot receiving such surrender and the carrying of! it Into effect. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur hu been deslg-nated u the supreme commander fdr the allied powers." Ifs a Great Day-^Trurr^an microphone that had been set' up there hestUy. The text of hit extemporaneous apoech. aa transcribed from abort, hand notes: "i�dles and gentlemen, Utls is the greet,day. This u the gay we have been looking for SmceDee. 7, 1941. / "This is the day wMn ttseism and police government ieeasca tn the world. "This is the' day tor the demoo-raclea "This is.iha day when we can start on our real .usk of implemen-UUoa ot free government lit the world. '' "Wa'are placed with the greatest! taslc w� eircr have been faced with. The emergency is u great a� it was pn-Ooek V194L "in Is going to ukt the Help ot all,et,ua to do it I know wa are   

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