Broad Ax, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1900, Chicago, Illinois TO THE LINE. VOL. V. CHICAGO, MABCH 31, 19OO. NO. 23. THE POLITICAL PARTIES AND THE NEGRO. XI. the inaugeiiatlng Shortly after the inaugeratlng of James Buchanan as President of the United States, the United Statea su- preme court handed down its famous decision In the Dred Scott case and the comment upon It waa universal. In no uncertain language It conveyed the idea and impression to the American People that the Negro was nothing more than a piece of merchandise, therefore he was not a human being and did not or could not consider hinv- self worthy or deserving of the same treatment accorded to human, beings. Chief Justice R. B. Taney has been severely condemned and criticised for handing down that more than celebrat- ed opinion but his critics must bear it In mind that he simply followed In th-3 path of judges who were far abler than himself. Furthermore It must ba remember that Judge Taney was born and raised in the Federal school of politics and like James Buchanan did not Join, the Democratic party un- til late in life; not until he had be- come thoroughly saturated with fed- erallstic ideas for he was a firm be- liever in the federal doctrine that Con- gress or the United States government is absolutely supreme in all things end that the various states are only cipher, as it were, and the people re- siding in them possess no rights which congress or the general government are under the slightest obligations to respect Holding such views It required no stretch of the Imagination on the part of Judge Taney to arrive at hds deduc- tions and conclusions In the Dred Scott case. Two of his associates, Justice Curtis of Mass.. and McLean of Ohio, the latter being an unawering crat refused to concur with him and they rendered opinions entirely oppo- site to those entertained by the chlaf Justice and the great majority of the people. There is another very important point which we must not overlook namely, that during the time that Queen Anne swayed over the destinies of England and the English people her solicitor general and attorney Messrs. Talbot and York were instrumental in causing the. Lord Chief Justice of Erg- land to solemly declare that no blave had any rights which his English master could not with impunity tram- ple upon and In the eyes of the law negroes or slaves were nothing more than pisiron or cotton, and as the ear- _ r.Vll master as much as his ox or home, he had on civil rights, he could aquira no property, nor dispose of any with- out the consent of his his children of the Issue of bis marriage with a slave, would immediately upjn thedr birth become the property of his master or owner of the tema'e." For many years the laws of the great state of New York were such that if a white person committed a slight offense such person was fined flvo doUars, but if the same offense was committed by a negro he was fined ten dollars, the laws of that state also compelled co'.- ored people to pay poll and other ta and all the money collected from that source was used for educating the children of the whites but no colored children were permitted to receive any of its benefits nor to put their heads inside the school houses of that state. Other eastern and middle states en- acted legislation In relation to the negro. In some of those states it was a penitentiary crime for negroes to reside in them longer than three months and if they were nnablo to pay their poll tares they were impri- soned at hard labor, and given ten. stripes upon their bare The foregoing ought to convince the. most sceptical that the majority of the peo- ple residing in the northern ant eastern states with all of their boasted superiority over the southern people, were not In fa.vor of the moral and in- tellectual development of the negro and they were not horrified nor shock- ed, but were rather in harmony with the decisions respecting the social status the neigro which were ren- dered by the very highest courts in tha christianized and world. (To b-s continued.) THE NEGRO NATIONAL DEMOCRA- TIC LEAGUE. July 4th, 5th and 6th The Negro National Democratic League will con vene at Kansas City, Mo., far the pur pose of formulating plans to further the cause of Democracy among the colored voters of the United States dur'.ng the coming presidential campaign and for the further purpose of electing new of- ficers, and for the transaction of other business. Edward E. Lee of New York is the president of the League, and Gao. E. Taylor of Oskaloosa, IOVSB, secretary. The Broad Ax has been informed by the latter gentleman that "full P e- ALDERMAN CHAS. J. BOYD. As the aldermanic contest prog esses in the 30th ward Alderman Charles J. Boyd Is undoubtedly growing in strength with' the voters and hU in- numerable friends and admirers, enter- tain no doubt or fear of h's re-elee> tion and they believe that he will best ais opponents. Alderman Boyd has without the least doubt, worked and did everything an Alderman could do, for the advance ment and improvement of the 30th ward, but for the entire city of Chicago, and since his election to the Council, he can point with p.irdon- able pride, at hie past record and the work he haa accomplished for the bet- terment of the ward and all the pso- ple. Within the past two years, Mr. Boyi has succeeded In securing the erection of more school-houses and ap- propriations for educational purposes for the Town of Lake than all the other Aldermen who preceded him put together. It has been through his ef- forts, that the following schools .and additions have been built or ordered built Beale school, Englewood High school O'Tocle school (ad- George Dewey achool, one al 53rd and Looanla street, another at 53rd and Sawyer ave., f519.857.98, has been expended for building purposes in the 30th ward within the last two years and it exceeds the-school appro priations, for the whole Town of Lik in the nine years previous to annex- ation. The Special Water Fewer Commit- tee on which Mayor Harrison select- ed Aldernuan Boyd to serve has con- cluded a contract with the Dralrase Canal Board, whereby the latter Is to furnish power to the city at per horse power per year. The rate at present is per horsa power per year and this new contract will mean an en- ormous saving to the taxpayers. Ald- erman Boyd has worked early anl late in the interest of electric llghtins.and the new system ls- now in force on Ashland avenue, HaUtel street, worth avenue and other leading thor- oughfares of the ward. The Judiciary Commute has no bet- ter nor harder worker than Alderman Boyd, and he Is also an active mem- ber of other committees. He has tesn endorsed by the Municipal Voters League, and it says: His geennl rec- ord is commendable and he should be lected. He has eone on record ALDERMAN CHAS. F. GUNTHER. It is conceded by thoss who pretend to know anything about the composi- tion of the present City Council, that no member of that body has a better cleaner or straighter record, than Al- derman Chas. F. Gunther, who has ihonorably represented and seivad the people of the 2nd ward for two terms, and they have learned to trust and honor him for the efflcenl and fal hiul known that he is not the candidate of ome corporation, which would natur- ally expect to have a mortgage on his vote and to own control him in case he succeeded In pulling through. Mr. Hart believes that those who have spread stich reports abroad, have only done so, lor the purpose of in- luring his candidacy. But he is of the opinion that the people know him too well to believe these Mauy Afro-Americans residing in the west end of the ward and in othe sections of it are still engaged in work ing and doing everything in their pow 'er to further the candidacy of -Fredric A. Hart. CHIPS. Alderman Chas. F. Gunther of the 2nd ward who will be re-eectei April 3d. services which he has rendered all classes in the past. AUerman Gunther has been endors- ed for re-election by tbe Municipal Voters League and kindred organizi- tions. For they recognize in him a faithful servant of the people. One who can be depended upon to perform his duties fearlessly open land above board. One who has never nvxed up with those who are in Javor of robbing and plundering the tax payers and the city of Chicago. The Alderman is very popular with the Afro-Americans residing in hi 3 ward He haa held many meetings among them and he is known by them as their friend. On many occasions he It seems to be a forgone conclusion, that Al F. Gorman will come out ahead of his competitor en election day. Alderman Thomas Carey, is laboring very hard for the re-election of Alder- man Chas. J. Boyd and the Town of ticket Alderman Henry L. Flck is on top In the 7th ward and If he lives, he will continue to occupy his seat in the Council Chamber. Harris F. Williams, candidate for Alderman in the 32d ward is forging ahead in his fight The Brood Ax be- lieves that he will win the day. The enemies of Alderman Charles Martin are after his scalp. But he is a sure winner, for they cannot muster sufficient strength to lay him out. D. Van Ness Person.Democratic can didate 3d ward, has made a thorough, canvass of the ward and being .a fore ible speaker it will not be surprL-.ing to see him win. Hannibal C. Carter anl L A. Newby addressed a large meeting of colored of the 13th ward in the la- didate for Supervisor and the present lerk, John B. Ryan, are sure winners' The past week, Mr. Ryan has addressed several meetings of Colored voters who tnow him to be all right and they want to see him and the other candi- dates on the South Town ticket suc- ceed. The ladies of the Phyllis Wheatly Club are preparing to give an apron, bazaar about May 1st, which promises to be the leading event among club, women this season. AH ladles who have the wellfare of the club at heart and those who wish to aid a most worthy cause can do no more generous act than by donating an apron for tha bazaar. Irvine B. Sproul, candidate for as- sessor, for the Town of Lake, is desir- ous to Inform the readers of The Broad Ax, that he knows no man on account of his color. He has teen ceneured quite severely, by memlera of his own race, for employng or giving work to Colored, workmen in preference to white workmen. Therefore, we urge the Afro-American voters of the 31st, 30th and 29th wards to eland by Irvine E. Sproul for he is a friend of race. has performed acts for them which haa gladdened their hearts, and ou next Tuesday they will assist in re elective Alderman Gunther. STILL IN THE RING. The report has been extensively cir- culated throughout the 30th ward, that Fredrick A Hart, Independent candi- date for Alderman, had run In his hole and pulled the hole in after him, and given up the fight or contest entire.y, has no ghost of a show of poll- a few votes which consists of ads, disgruntled and cold-footed Democrats. southern states were all from Eng- land, all of the same blood, the same education, the same religion and they all received their law from the source, viz.: the common laws of Eng- land And inasmuch as the Lord Chief Justice of England had decided over one hundred years prior to March 6th, 1867 that negroes -were only com- pieces of merchandise and UtJ lilt; F--- the history of negro Democracy we hope to see a large number of. Afro- American Democrats present from an sections of the country. At the Wednesday meeting af tha Phyllis Wheatly Club, it was decide! to discontinue the open meetii'ga which have been held once a month account of the small attendance. always make splendid wheel horses because they are always in favor of pulling backward and ai- herinK to the old musty and mouldy traditions of the past and were the race Intellectually It is estimated that there are one thousand within a Club rooms, council and he stood up for the people aa against the franchise-grabbers and boodlers. He has voted and favo.el track elevation and haa the full con- fidence of Mayor Carter H. Harrison Had his Democratic and Republican colleagues who know him as a man of ability possessing most excellent tiato of character. Like several other Alflermanlc can- didates whom we have mentioned. Ald- erman Boyd stands very high In the estimation of the Colored people bf 30th ward, and since his election to the council he baa besn ever ready and willing to serve them and a large num- ber of them Intend to work and vote for Chas. J. Boyd on the 3d day of April. which are of the negro and negro and In doing EO they sto- Cuss important fte committee, after carefully viewing mowed in the same of of great deplorea that situation confidently belter, that of the most eminent and iUns- and it interest erman Chm J. Boyd, who Is the i _, for we there has not Deen euims- I and-the entire Town terest of Alderman Maypole Taesday night, who will be i-e-elected. Nicholas R. Finn Is making an ex- traorlinary good fight in the llth and he is backed by many cf its leading citizens who are certain that he will be successful and represent them in the council. Hon. M. J. Butler has been confined to tbe house with very sore eyes fo.- aeveral weeks. But they are now Im- proving and he expects to be able to be around again among his many friends shortly. Chas. J. Byrne Democratic candidate for Alderman in the 9th ward, has the very best element in that ward behind him including such men as attorney Scully, D. J. McMahon, M. J. Roach and John J. Hayes, and Mr. Byrne is sure of election. W. H. Clark of the Corporation Councils office, who stands at tho top notch of negro Democracy, has been doing telling and effective work to the 2nd ward for the re-election of Alder- man Chas. F. Gunther and the entire South town ticket. Sunday at 2 p. m. a meeting of Col- ored citizens will be held at Hannibal Hall, 51st and Armour avenue in the interest of Alderman Chas. J. Boyd. It is expected that the town candidates the Alderman and others will be pres- ent to address the meeting.______ John Lyons, Democratic candidate for Alderman of the 4th ward, la mak- ing a good fight, and he has addie sei HOME-MADE PHILOSOPHY. Mad addz a skrew to a nold inven- ehun, and then thinks he dun it awL It iz safer too win the love ov a dog than the admirashun ov a thotless wurld. A grate manny peepul bekum silent and moroze becaws no wun will with 'em. Every stranger Iz lookt at with sus- pishun until he kin prove hiz credit at the bank. A hull lot ov peepul will wink a 11 at yoo, hoo haven't the courage to speka it out loud. The ritch may corner awl the eun- light, but the poor kin not be robd OV thare shadders. Peepul hoo di yung escape the agony ov finding out later on how the old fokes lide to 'em. Old age ic werry often the reward for them az live awl thare life on the char- ity ov thare frends. Men doo a hull lot ov thinking on problums that ware thot too yearzs and yearze ago. Every little kommunity haz got Itt little tradishun that Iz laft by tha pee- pul ov the nearest village. Sum men jine a church and a perll- tlckal party Eoze thay needent do any thlnkin on thare own hook. After we are ded cumze the new gen- erashun. Thare iz no end to the cumin and goin ov the endless chain called life. Man gltz hiz munny and he bize purty wimmin. This iz the hull ov life's plcktoor with awl the varnish left out. If you tetch a manze religyun with I anything but the downy brush or praize, heel want too tetch you with a brick-bat or a kluh. The coldness ov the wurld haz frozen up manny a charitabull hart so tight that a beggar can't drive a flax seed intoo it with a poll ax. Peepul are alwalze ashamed ov thara the 30Ul ward' Home trious judges of know that judges and lawyers general- ly are loth to depart from es'abli bed precedents and they are continually hunting up and shown to j promoters to good work. ing a three or four meetings of Afro-Ameri- hones'Tand clean, he elands a splen- I judging from what tha people in the dia cnance of being elected to the city Uc- east west, south and north ends of the council. Tne Democratic candidates on the West Town ticket are bound to trl- oriil the I Isr nominee and the entire tet on to victory next Tnes- ward say. For they claim that "it seema 1 to be all Hart" un and referfng to cases which E Kent's pros- The Colored Democratic Leasne met ISto jJS their actions. J" for uniform were waa am, ____ I -arfthnut B ecu" I _ _- .n WHTK X His leaders are thoroughly con- vinced that the vote rolled up for him on election day, will surprise tie old- est politicians of the Town of Lake, For it Is admitted by these who are bitterly opposed to Mr. Hartv thathe is one of the best campaigners In Chi- cago, and is personally and Intimately in order to transfer the slave which te a mew tel, tat might Balldttg i ward. ______ K. m Harrer i. Thompson and Taylor. President A. New- .juavuf lriKM, organiiatHws. friend tne tor itary. Wd ttlwcrUw The Bromd umph. John J. McLaugblin, John J. KleJu, V. E. Cerveny, who has mada a first class collector and Edward B. Warwick, who has in the past con- ducted his omce acceptably and satis- factory to all the people of the West Town, will lead the ticket c, can call more people by thelr names, than any otter Btogle to- dividual residing In tha 30th ward. Coaaeattently this adds to hia popn- terityand causes all classes and na- Uonalittea to speak ot aim to Wgh- est terma and to aound prataee. it baa been stated beftw, Mr. Hart friend, Solomon, that courteous South- ern gentleman, Vincent H. Perkins and Fred Rlnderer all have the confidence of th3 voters of North Chicago. Thsy have been tried In theft various offi- cial capacities and have not heen found wanting. As a result of their honesty office they will land .on April 3d. big feet, but thay hev the big head and never notice it Yoo never even, heard a peecock say he wuz proud. PROGRESS AND REFORM. Syracuse university gets for endowing a chair of Biblican litera- ture. The increasing generosity of individ- uals toward individual churches is in- dicated by the gift of Mrs. O. A. Pillsbury to a church in Minneap- olis. The Chicago Bible society in the past sixty years has distributed copies of the Bible, published In vari- ous languages. Last year Bi- bles were sold and given away. The retail grocery and clerks in a large section of Chicago have brought about Sunday closing through their organization. The move- ment is extending to druggists' clerka and other similar organizations. Bmpld Time to Orlwt Erom London to Bombay in eleven days Is the remarkable program laid out by the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship company. The Journey will he mate by the Brtndlal route and In- rolves faster time than Is usual on tea railways. The Item Is wiyjutQ troni Suez -made at the niu of i boor.